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International Coproduction

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Shows or dramas that are produced by two or more production companies, each in different countries.

Especially in the most recent decades, an animated TV show has always been produced by at least two studios in some way, since animation is expensive and labor-intensive.


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    In General 
  • A lot of late-90s and early-to-mid-2000s movies were co-produced with fly-by-night tax shelter German production companies to exploit German tax loopholes. The German taxation laws of the time allowed investors to claim an instant tax deduction on film productions, even if they were non-German productions or even if the film had not gone into production. This allowed the producers to make instant profit, for example, by selling the copyright for around $160 million, and then buying them back for $149 million, the producers have made a profit of $11 million.

  • The Pepsiman TV commercials were produced by Industrial Light and Magic for the Tokyo firm Pyramid Films.
  • The late 80's "Wacky Wild Kool-Aid Style" and early 90's "human cartoon" ads for Kool-Aid brand juice products were produced by the Moving Picture Company of the United Kingdom (with some additional work by American CGI house Triple I), for the New York City-based Grey Global Group. The post-production was also done in the United Kingdom - meaning there were probably lots of Brits imitating American accents for the voice work (with the exception of Kool-Aid Man's long-time voice actor, Richard Berg, who continued to voice the character in the ads). Reportedly, most of the live-action kids that appeared in them came from local London acting schools.
    • This trend continued for the late 90's ads, which were produced in New Zealand (the monster truck in the Mega Mountain Twists advertisement was a truck owned by local monster truck driver Ian Soanes).


    Asian Animation 

    Films — Animation 

    Films — Live-Action 

    Live-Action TV 
  • The 4400 — US/UK co-production between CBS and Sky.
  • Ace Lightning — Created by Rick Siggelkow in the United States, but starred Canadian and British actors and was filmed in Canada.
  • Almost Paradise — American/Filipino co-production.
  • Aunty Donna's Big 'Ol House of Fun — Australia/US (although some media outlets explicitly refer to it as a US show due to the fact it was filmed in Los Angeles)
  • Battlestar Galactica (2003) — co-produced by the Sci Fi Channel and Sky TV, and filmed in Canada. Sky TV only actually co-produced the first season but their name is still in the credits because the show still uses sets that Sky built during season 1.
  • The Big Garage was co-produced between Canada and the UK.
  • BIMA Satria Garuda — A toku series produced by MNC Group, RCTI (both from Indonesia, the latter being the channel that airs it) and Ishinomori Productions (Japan), with merchandising provided and sold by Bandai (Japan).
  • Black Earth Rising — Between BBC Two (UK) and Netflix (US). The former airs it in the UK, while it's streamed as a Netflix Original elsewhere.
  • Bron|Broen - A Danish/Swedish co-production
  • Charlie Jade — co-produced by the Canadian CHUM Television and the South African Industrial Development Corporation.
  • Chernobyl — co-produced by HBO and Sky.
  • Cleverman — co-produced with Australia, New Zealand and the US.
  • ''Combat Hospital' — co-production by ABC and Global
  • Death in Paradise — A British/French co-production.
  • Defying Gravity — Canada/USA/UK/Germany.
  • Doctor Who
    • The early seasons of the new series are technically a CBC (Canada) production as well as a BBC (Wales) one; the leak of "Rose" came from a CBC employee. However, the closing credits in the UK only referenced them during Series 3 and "The Runaway Bride".
    • The 1996 television movie was a co-production between the BBC and Universal.
    • Because of major location filming in America, the two-parter "The Impossible Astronaut"/"Day of the Moon" is listed as a BBC America/BBC Wales co-production instead of just a BBC Wales production at the end of the closing credits.
  • Dragons: A Fantasy Made Real: Britain/USA
  • Dublin Murders — Done between Britain, Ireland and the US.
  • Farscape — USA/Australia
  • Fate: The Winx Saga — a collaboration between the UK's Archery Pictures, Italy's Rainbow S.r.l. (which is co-owned by the American company ViacomCBS), and the United States' Young Blood Productions.
  • Five Days — produced by HBO Films and the BBC. Set in South Hertfordshire.
  • Foreign ExchangeFilmed On Location in both Ireland and Australia.
  • Friends (not the American sitcom) was a Japanese/South Korean dorama filmed in both countries.
  • Gentleman Jack — a co-production between The BBC and HBO.
  • Greyzone is a co-production between Sweden and Denmark.
  • The Grid — Produced by the The BBC, Carnival Films (UK) and Fox TV (US) and filmed on both sides of the Atlantic.
  • Guerrilla — American/British production.
  • Highlander was French and Canadian, hence the setting shifting between Seacouver (filmed in Vancouver) and Paris.
  • Humans — USA/Britain co-production between AMC and Channel 4.
  • The IDOLM@STER.KR — Japanese/South Korean co-production.
  • Jack Irish — Australian/Filipino co-production in the first season. The second season has it as an Australian/Indian co-production.
  • Jason and The Heroes of Mount Olympus was a France/US co-production. And there will be no page for that show, until it is released in some form. So far, only some of the episodes are available on YouTube.
  • K9 is a co-production between Jetix Europe and Network 10 (Australia). As it is part of the Whoniverse, it can also be said to be influenced, if not co-produced, by the BBC.
  • The Gulf: A New Zealand/German Co-Production between Three (New Zealand) and ZDF (Germany).
  • LazyTown — A show featuring American and British puppeteers (and one Icelandic puppeteer) and Icelandic and American actors, created by an Icelandic aerobics champion, filmed in Iceland and comissioned by Nick Jr. and the BBC (Seasons 1-2) and Turner Broadcasting (Seasons 3-4).
  • Lexx— A Canadian and German co-production with additional funding from Britain.
  • Parodied in Monty Python's Flying Circus, where "The Pantomime Horse is a Secret Agent Film," a movie supposedly based on an idea by Edward VII and directed by Queen Juliana of the Netherlands, is a "Corpse-Haakon" production produced by Sir Alec Douglas-Home and King Haakon of Norway.
  • Mopatop's Shop was a co-production between Jim Henson Productions in the United States and Carlton Television in the UK.
  • The Muppet Show — a show featuring American puppeteers, filmed at and produced by an ITV station in the UK.
  • Mythbusters — USA/Australia
  • MythQuest — Filmed in Canada, but two German production studios were responsible for special effects.
  • The Noddy Shop— Made for the United States market by Rick Siggelkow and had several celebrity guest stars from the United States, but was filmed in Canada with a majority of the actors and puppeteers being Canadian.
  • No Man's Land (2020) — a co-production by Israel with Belgium and France.
  • Occupied — Filmed in Norway with co-production assistance from France and Sweden.
  • The Pinkertons — Set during The American Civil War, filmed in Canada, partially financed by Japanese companies (which probably explains why two of the Recurring Characters are from Japan).
  • Power Rangers — A co-production of the Toei Company in Japan (for the Super Sentai source footage, costumes and concepts), Saban Entertainment/Saban Brands (for the seasons between Power Rangers Wild Force and Power Rangers RPM, make this Disney, under the name of BVS Entertainment) in the United States, and in the later seasons, Village Roadshow Productions (Ranger Productions subsididary) from New Zealand.
  • Speaking of Super Sentai, the third through fifth entries for the franchise (Battle Fever J, Denshi Sentai Denziman and Taiyou Sentai Sun Vulcan) were co-produced (to varying degrees) by Toei and Marvel Comics. As was the Spider-Man series produced beforehand.
  • Ransom - Produced by America/Canada/France/Germany.
  • Rome is co-produced by HBO and the BBC, as were The No. 1 Ladies' Detective Agency, Little Britain USA and Extras. (Although Band of Brothers carries a credit for the BBC on the opening credits of the UK broadcasts, the BBC isn't mentioned anywhere on the closing credits. Or on the airings on any other channel. Or the DVDs. Or... well, you get the idea.)
  • Schitt's Creek is a co-production of the CBC and the American Pop Network.
  • Serangoon Road is a co-production between Australia/Singapore.
  • Sesame Street is adapted internationally this way with dubbing, either alone or combined with original live-action footage. The Israeli and American teams also collaborated to produce a series about Western Jewish culture.
  • She-Wolf of London: UK/US. It was moved to Los Angeles and retitled Love And Curses when the UK producers pulled their funding.
  • Shining Time Station — Later seasons were filmed in Canada with some of the same American actors alongside some new Canadian ones.
  • Shoebox Zoo was a co-production between BBC Scotland and a Canadian company.
  • By definition, everything produced by 19 Entertainment and BBC America qualifies.
  • Spellbinder Australia/Poland in season 1. Australia/Poland/China in season 2.
  • Strike Back was a British production in the first season, but became a US/UK coproduction with Sky/Cinemax from the second season onward.
  • While the first three seasons of Torchwood were 100% BBC productions, the fourth is a co-production between the BBC and the American Starz Entertainment.
  • Troy: Fall of a City is coproduced by BBC One (UK) and Netflix (US).
  • The Tunnel - A British/French co-production.
  • Three entries in the Ultra Series are co-productions between Tsuburaya Productions of Japan and three non-Japanese companies.
    • Ultraman: The Adventure Begins (a.k.a. Ultraman USA) — an animated pilot with Hanna-Barbera of the USA.
    • Ultraman: Towards the Future (a.k.a. Ultraman Great) — with the South Australian Film Corporation.
    • Ultraman: The Ultimate Hero (a.k.a. Ultraman Powered) — with Major Havoc Entertainment (later renamed Steppin Stone Entertainment) of the USA.
    • Also worth mentioning is the infamous 1970s movie Hanuman vs. 7 Ultraman, a co-production with Thailand's Chaiyo Productions that would end up starting a legal nightmare that would not be resolved until 2017, as Chaiyo's head Sompote Sands used the resulting movie (and a variety of dubious forgeries) to try take the distribution rights for the Ultra Series.
  • War of the Worlds (2019) is a British-French co-production.
  • The Worst Witch (TV series) was co-produced with HTV (a UK company) and Gala Films (a Canadian company).
  • The Young Offenders is set in Cork, but is a co-production of the BBC and RTÉ.
  • X Company - Canada/Hungary co-production.

  • Scarlett was The Musical of Gone with the Wind originally produced by Toho in Tokyo, but, aside from the Japanese cast and writer Kazuo Kikuta, most of the talents involved were Broadway regulars, including songwriter Harold Rome and director Joe Layton. Layton co-produced as well as directed Harold Fielding's production of an English-language version of the musical, which ran for a while at the Drury Lane Theatre in London and then toured a few American cities but never opened in New York.


    Video Games 
  • Any video game for which a publisher outsources development to a studio in a different country - which is many these days.
    • Donkey Kong Country is a famous example, being developed by British firm Rare, but based on a Japanese Nintendo character. Later games in the series are developed by the Japanese Paon and the American Retro Studios. Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze is a three-way co-production, still being developed by Retro Studios with music by David Wise, a former Rare employee.
    • Crash Bandicoot is another famous example, created by the American company Naughty Dog, and having games developed by British studios Eurocom and Traveller's Tales, US-based Vicarious Visions, and the Canadian Radical Entertainment. Japanese developer Dimps also developed Crash Boom Bang! for the Nintendo DS.
    • LJN Toys, notorious US publisher of Licensed Games, contracted the development of about half of them to Atlus, who then subcontracted a lot of the work to other Japanese companies. LJN's non-Japanese-developed games went out to Rare (UK), Software Creations (UK) or Beam Software (Australia).
    • Spyro the Dragon, created by American company Insomniac Games, had games created by American developers, Spyro: A Hero's Tail which was created by British studio Eurocom, and The Legend of Spyro series created by Australian, French and American developers.
    • Star Fox and a few other Nintendo games of the 1990s were co-developed by Argonaut Software (UK).
  • Metal Gear Solid: The Twin Snakes — co-production between Konami Computer Entertainment Japan (Japanese) and Silicon Knights (Canadian)
  • All games by Retro Studios (USA) so far were done in collaboration with Nintendo EAD (Japan).
  • Go Go Hyper Grind: A USA/Japan collaboration between Spumco (yes, that Spumco), and Atlus.
  • Many Rockstar Games, due to the company having various studios in Europe and the USA
  • Spectrobes: USA/Japan
  • Sonic the Hedgehog 2 — Japan/USA, with the team collaborating in California.
    • Some other Sonic games have been developed by Traveller's Tales and Sumo Digital in the U.K.
  • Silent Hill: Homecoming — Developed by Double Helix Studios (USA); produced, scored and published by Konami Computer Entertainment (Japan)
  • Silent Hill: 0rigins and Silent Hill: Shattered Memories — Developed by Climax Group (UK); scored and published by Konami (Japan)
  • Shantae: Half-Genie Hero is co-developed by WayForward Technologies (USA) and Inti Creates (Japan).
  • Sine Mora is co-developed by Grasshopper Manufacture (Japan) and Digital Reality (Hungary).
  • The Ecco the Dolphin games, along with Cyborg Justice, Kolibri and Three Dirty Dwarves, were produced by Sega of America and developed by Novotrade International/Appaloosa Interactive (Hungary, though they later opened an American branch office).
  • Gundam 0079: The War For Earth was developed by American company Presto Studio and produced and supervised by Sunrise (Japan).
  • The Top Gear series of Racing Games, produced by Kemco (Japan), had its earlier installments developed by Gremlin Graphics (UK). Later games were developed by various American companies (Boss Game, Saffire, Snowblind).
  • Mario + Rabbids Kingdom Battle combines a Japanese franchise and a French franchise, was developed by Ubisoft's Paris (France) and Milan (Italy) studios, and had its music provided by Grant Kirkhope, a British composer.
  • Splinter Cell was created by Ubisoft's Canadian, Chinese and French branches.

    Western Animation 

Alternative Title(s): Trans Atlantic Co Production


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