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Creator / AKOM

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AKOM (short for Animation KOrea Movie Productions) is a Seoul based South Korean animation studio formed in 1985 by Nelson Shin, a former animator at De Patie Freleng Enterprises and creator of the Lightsaber effects in Star Wars, as well as producer of the original Transformers TV Series and director of the show's (first) full-length toy commercial.

Nelson Shin also operates KOAA Films; for simplicity's sake, its output has been noted in this article as well.

The studio is also responsible for publishing a South Korean magazine called "Animatoon" since 1995. You can probably tell from the title what the magazine's about.

Shows and films worked on by AKOM: (series by KOAA Films marked with an *)

  • Adventures in Oz World
  • The Adventures of Corduroy the Bear
  • Aliens - Produced unused animation sequences for several toy commercials in the 90s.
  • Animaniacs (62 shorts)List  (3 bumpers)List 
  • Arthur (seasons 1-11)
  • Attack of the Killer Tomatoes! (season 1 only, series done in-house for season 2)
  • Batman: The Animated Series (13 episodes)List . Fired after the episode "Cat Scratch Fever" was animated.
  • The Brothers Flub
  • Bucky O'Hare and the Toad Wars!
  • A Bunch of Munsch (2 episodes)List 
  • C Bear and Jamal
  • City Hunters (alternating with Sunmin Animation)
  • Conan the Adventurer (alternating with KK C&D Asia)
  • Dilbert (4 episodes)List 
  • Dino-Riders - Hired for the remainder of the show's run after the first two episodes, replacing Hanho Heung-Up and Mihan Animation Studio.
  • Dooly the Little Dinosaur (with Hanho for season 1)
  • Dr. Rabbit's World Tour
  • Dorothy Meets Ozma of Oz
  • Dragon Flyz
  • Earthworm Jim
  • Empress Chung* (with SEK Studio)
  • Exo Squad - Replaced Sunrise after the initial stages of planning.
  • Flash Gordon (1996) (with Sei Young)
  • Fraggle Rock: The Animated Series
  • Gargoyles (6 episodes)List 
  • G.I. Joe: A Real American Hero (uncreditedList , also did animation for most of the comic commercialsnote ) & G.I. Joe Extreme (Season 1 only)
  • Huntik: Secrets & Seekers (uncredited)
  • Invasion America
  • The Jackie Bison Show pilot
  • Jem (6 episodes)List  dumped onto them by Sunbow Entertainment after Toei Animation grew too expensive.
  • Kelly's Dream Club*
  • Kid 'n' Play (uncredited)
  • The Land Before Time
  • Little Clowns of Happytown
  • The Little Lulu Show (season 3 only)
  • Little Orphan Annie's Very Animated Christmas
  • Littlest Pet Shop (1995) (with Wang Film Productions, Heewon and KK C&D)
  • Little Wizards
  • The Magician (with Toutenkartoon)
  • Magic Sport
  • Marsupilami* (2000 series)
  • McGee and Me! - All of season 1; StarToons did the three season 2 episodes.
  • Mission Hill (7 episodes)List 
  • Moon Dreamers
  • Monsters and Pirates (season 1 only)
  • Mosaic - Opening titles only, main feature handled by Mook DLE.
  • Muppet Babies (1984) - From Season four to the series' end, replacing Toei Animation.
  • My Little Pony - G1, The Movie (With Toei Animationnote ) and Tales only.
  • My Scene: Jammin' in Jamaica
  • The Oblongs (7 episodes)List 
  • Peter Pan & the Pirates - Amongst other companies, 9 episodesList .
  • Pinky and the Brain (22 episodes)List 
  • Problem Child (season 2 only, replacing D'Ocon and various supporting Spain studios)
  • Road Rovers (4 episodes)List 
  • Rescue Heroes (seasons 2-3, with Mercury Filmworks, Boomstone Animation and Side Show Entertainment)
  • RoboCop: The Animated Series
  • Rude Dog and the Dweebs
  • The Savage Dragon (TV series, with APPP)
  • Silver Surfer: The Animated Series
  • The Simpsons - The company's most notable work, with over 300 episodes.List 
  • Skeleton Warriors
  • Sky Dancers (with SEM Animation)
  • Something From Nothing (animated special)
  • Space Cats
  • Spiral Zone (15 episodes, others by Visual 80 and an uncredited Mook DLE. Also split camera duty with Trans Arts)
  • The Spooktacular New Adventures of Casper
  • Taz-Mania (35 episodes)List 
  • Teen Days
  • The Tick
  • The Tale of the Great Bunny
  • Tiny Toon Adventures (23 episodes)List 
  • Toad Patrol (season 1 only; replaced by UTV Toons)
  • The Transformers - The company's first (known) workList  . Done uncredited, series with Toei.
  • Ultimate Book of Spells
  • Vor-Tech: Undercover Conversion Squad (with Koko Enterprises)
  • Winx Club
  • Wunschpunsch (with Nightstorm Media)
  • X-Men: The Animated Series - seasons 1-4, and the first five episodes of season 5note , some season 3 episodes and later episodes done by Philippine Animation Studio Inc. and Hong Ying.


  • Crash Bandicoot (1996): This unused intro sequence, traditionally animated. It was mentioned by Crash producer David Siller that it was sent to Universal Cartoon Studios, who at the time was heavily using AKOM.note  The art style and animation also harkens to the studio's work on Earthworm Jim.
  • Forbidden Bridge commercial: As with all commercials, no credits are listed, but the animation certainly looks like their style.
  • The Magic Pudding: AKOM lists having worked on the film on its website, but they aren't listed in the credits and no crew members are listed. Crew members from Fil-Cartoons are listed, however.
  • The Real Ghostbusters: The show is mentioned on their page on Wikipedia, with the episodes "Slimer Come Home" & "When Halloween was Forever" in Season 1 and "Station Identification" & "Fright at the Opera" from Season 2 attributed to the studio.

Tropes associated with AKOM:

  • Animated Adaptation: Attack of the Killer Tomatoes, Earthworm Jim, RoboCop, Savage Dragon, the list goes on.
  • Animation Bump: Occasionally (including select instances in Batman, Transformers, and Tiny Toon Adventures). Word of God has pointed out that they did the good animation in Spiral Zone. Also appears in The Simpsons Movie for obvious reasons.
    • Many fans of Arthur consider the company's animation to be of acceptable quality as well, slight errors aside.
  • Animesque: Teen Days.
  • The Dark Age of Comic Books: What their animation style for G.I. Joe Extreme and Exosquad resembles.
    • X-Men would slip into a similar style once in a while as part of that show's inconsistent animation quality.
  • Butt-Monkey: Considered one for the Transformers fandom due to their poor animation. Sam Young Animation's work only exacerbates the issues.
  • Deranged Animation: Their season 1 Tiny Toons episodes were quite rubbery and wacky, though they got a bit more conservative starting in the second season when Dev Ramsaran replaced Warren Marshall as overseas supervisor.
  • How the Mighty Have Fallen: AKOM was one of the busiest studios of the late '80s through the '90s (in 1996, for example, they worked on fifteen different series throughout the year Those being ), but the 2000s were not kind to the studio (and they lost one of their major properties, Arthur, to Animation Service (HK)), and the '10s have been even worse. It's now gotten to the point that The Simpsons is, for the most part, the only American series they're working on anymore (and even there, roughly half of each season is done at Rough Draft).
  • Lazy Artist: Aside from some exceptions like The Simpsons note , they are a pretty awful poster child of this trope.
    • The studio (along with Sunrise) was fired from Batman as a result of their general incompetence. As this article says about the episode "Prophecy of Doom":
      Series director Frank Paur: "How hard is it to animate circles?"
    • Paur adds in the same article that "Mad as a Hatter" was AKOM's best episode, but still needed to perform "close to a hundred retakes", and Bruce Timm says "Feat of Clay, Part 1" was animated by AKOM's C-Team, and "nearly completely redone two or three times before we could actually air it without cringing".
      • While the first part of "The Cat and the Claw" wasn't all that hot, the second part (given to AKOM) was a mess, according to Bruce Timm.
        Timm: The whole end sequence was geared around the explosions, and they were some of the worst you'll ever see. We retook all of them two or three times. They were still awful, but we ran out of time and had to air them.
    • Even The Simpsons was not immune, despite being considered the best studio by some. Thanks to a combination of Klasky-Csupo (the first domestic studio to work on the show) still animating in the looser, more cartoony Tracey Ullman Show style and AKOM not getting the unique animation feel of the show (not helped by most of their past work at the time being rather amateurish even for 1980s standards), "Some Enchanted Evening" almost cancelled the series before it even began; James L. Brooks famously said of it, "This is shit." It's estimated that about 70% of the episode had to be re-animated (and headed by David Silverman's team), with only a few scenes from original director Kent Butterworth surviving to air.
      • On a similar note, the commentary notes that "When Flanders Failed" came back with "a thousand mistakes in it and was just a complete and utter mess." Some parts had to be re-animated in America.
    • Related to the "Some Enchanted Evening" example above, the X-Men pilot "Night of the Sentinels" had similar issues regarding its animation. Their refusal to fix these two episodes almost forced a contract severing between them and Marvel (their longstanding partner at that time) by Fox, Wizard Magazine even noting that one industry insider suggested their motto be "Akom... Quality Is Our Only Compromise." Like "Evening", the two episodes were fixed for reruns and later releases. The rest of the series, despite its stiffness and inconsistent character designs, would never dip to the same levels the pilot did.
    • Then, there's The Transformers. While it's hard to explain what extreme AKOM's episodes go to without Walls of Text, what is easy to explain are some of the more common errors in their episodes, such as the wrong character model being used (they had a habit of using Grimlock's rounded robot mode head and giving Optimus and Soundwave white backpacks for instance), layers done wrong so that a character will disappear "behind" something that's actually behind him, three shots with a group of characters will have three different versions of the roster, including an Autobot with Decepticons or vice-versa. And it wasn't just aesthetically displeasing, but could really become plot-alteringexample  and could easily become unintentional instances of Deranged Animation on full display. All of this is exasperated by the fact that this was their first animation work upon foundation.
    • It was inevitable for Exosquad- the highly-detailed designs of the E-frames and various other tech in the show pretty much assured this would happen.
    • While the character designs that AKOM used for Tiny Toon Adventures were nice, the animation itself could vary wildly. Some of the worst offenders in the series were "A Quack in the Quarks" and "Wacko World of Sports".
    • These problems would also carry over to Animaniacs. AKOM episodes have a similar art-style to episodes animated by Wang Film Productions (which had generally high-quality animation) at first glance. However, in practice, AKOM is much less fluid and has a tendency to make wacky expressions borderline Accidental Nightmare Fuel. Their animation quality then deteriorated further, and they were fired in the final season, while Wang (which was also beginning to decline in animation quality at this point) got to stay until the show ended.
      • A strange inversion happened during production of "Back in Style," which called for deliberately Limited Animation, since the plot revolved around the Warners being shipped off to various other studios during The Dark Age of Animation. AKOM had to go through multiple retakes because the animation wasn't limited enough.
  • Limited Animation: Not to the extent of Filmation, but still present. Of course the founder first worked at such a company.
  • Signature Style: In many of the shows they animated on, AKOM liked to draw the characters with shadows that shifted when they moved.
    • Most explosions animated by them note , tended to be nothing but giant plumes of oranges or greys (or in some cases, both) animated by painting directly onto the cel. This was largely phased out by the mid-90s.