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The world's largest and most populous continent, with four of the five most populated countries in the world (China, India, Indonesia and Pakistan) being located there, including the most populated country in the world, China. Don't engage in a land war there. Asia has played a vital role in the foundation of modern civilization, with the Cradle of Civilization being located in Iraq, where mankind first began to read, write, create laws and live in cities under an organised government, the Arabic numeral system, Buddhism and Hinduism originating from India, gunpowder, papermaking, printing and the compass all originating from China, Christianity, Islam and Judaism all originating from what is now Israel, and so much more. While it's global influence did wane in favor of North America and Europe for a long period of history after the Mongols and World War II devastated the place, it has seen a resurgence of influence worldwide in recent times. Often lumped in with Oceania as the Asia-Pacific, and sometimes with Europe as Eurasia or Africa and Europe as Afro-Eurasia.

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Countries

https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/asian_regions.png
Green: Western Asia, red: South Asia, pink: Central Asia, blue: North Asia, orange: Southeast Asia, yellow: East Asia

Western Asia

  • Armenia (Geographically a part of Western Asia, culturally a part of both Eastern Europe and Western Asia)
Capital & Largest City: Yerevan
Capital & Largest City: Baku
Capital & Largest City: Manama
  • Cyprus (Geographically a part of Western Asia, culturally a part of Southern Europe)
Capital & Largest City: Nicosia
  • Egypt (Transcontinental)
Capital & Largest City: Cairo
Capitals: Tbilisi, Kutaisi (legislative)
Largest City: Tbilisi
Capital & Largest City: Tehran
Capital & Largest City: Baghdad
Capital & Largest City: Jerusalem (partial recognition)
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Capital & Largest City: Amman
Capital & Largest City: Kuwait City
Capital & Largest City: Beirut
Capital & Largest City: Muscat
Proclaimed Capital: Jerusalem
Administrative Center: Ramallah
Largest City: Gaza City
Capital & Largest City: Doha
Capital & Largest City: Riyadh
Capital & Largest City: Damascus
Capital: Ankara
Largest City: Istanbul
Capital: Abu Dhabi
Largest City: Dubai
Capital & Largest City: Sana'a (de jure, under Houthi administration)

South Asia

Capital & Largest City: Kabul
Capital & Largest City: Dhaka
Capital & Largest City: Thimphu
Capital: New Delhi
Largest City: Mumbai
Capital & Largest City: Malé
Capital & Largest City: Kathmandu
Capital: Islamabad
Largest City: Karachi
Capitals: Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (Administrative), Colombo (Commercial)
Largest City: Colombo

Central Asia

Capital: Astana
Largest City: Almaty
Capital & Largest City: Bishkek
Capital & Largest City: Dushanbe
Capital & Largest City: Ashgabat
Capital & Largest City: Tashkent

North Asia

  • Russia (Officially called the Russian Federation, Transcontinental)
Capital & Largest City: Moscow

Southeast Asia

Capital & Largest City: Bandar Seri Begawan
Capital & Largest City: Phnom Penh
Capital & Largest City: Jakarta
Capital & Largest City: Vientiane
Capitals: Kuala Lumpur, Putrajaya (administrative)
Largest City: Kuala Lumpur
Capital: Naypyidaw (Nay Pyi Taw)
Largest City: Yangon (Rangoon)
Capital: Manila
Largest City: Quezon City
Capital: Singapore
Largest PA: Bedok
Capital & Largest City: Bangkok
Capital & Largest City: Dili
Capital: Hanoi
Largest City: Ho Chi Minh City

East Asia

  • China (Officially called the People's Republic of China)
Capital: Beijing
Largest City: Shanghai
Capital & Largest City: Tokyo
Capital & Largest City: Ulaanbaatar
  • North Korea (Officially called the Democratic People's Republic of Korea)
Capital & Largest City: Pyongyang
  • South Korea (Officially called the Republic of Korea)
Capital & Largest City: Seoul

Unrecognized Countries

Western Asia

  • Abkhazia (De facto independent country, claimed by Georgia)
Capital & Largest City: Sukhumi
  • Artsakh (De facto independent country, claimed by Azerbaijan)
Capital & Largest City: Stepanakert
Capital & Largest City: North Nicosia
  • South Ossetia (De facto independent country, claimed by Georgia)
Capital & Largest City: Tskhinvali

East Asia

  • Taiwan (De facto independent country under the name of Republic of China, claimed by the People's Republic of China)
Capital: Taipei
Largest City: Taipei-New Taipei

Dependencies

Western Asia

Capital: Episkopi
Largest Civilian Settlement: Akrotiri

South Asia

Capital & Largest Settlement: Camp Justice

Southeast Asia

Capital & Largest City: Flying Fish Cove
Capital: West Island
Largest Village: Bantam (Home Island)

East Asia

  • Hong Kong (Belongs to the People's Republic of China)
Capital & Largest City: Hong Kong
  • Macau (Belongs to the People's Republic of China)
Capital & Largest City: Macau

Defunct countries, empires, kingdoms, and so on

Useful Notes and other articles related to Asia and Asian cultures

Asia in General

Western Asia

See Iran, Israel and Saudi Arabia for everything solely related to those countries

South Asia

See Afghanistan, India and Pakistan for everything solely related to those countries

Central Asia

See Kazakhstan for everything solely related to Kazakhstan

North Asia

See Russia for everything solely related to Russia

Southeast Asia

See Philippines, Thailand and Vietnam for everything solely related to those countries

East Asia

See China, Japan and South Korea for everything solely related to those countries
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