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Yuri Genre

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Since homosexual men are called "gay," homosexual girls should be called "ecstatic".

"Yuri is a blessed thing. The refined and subtle actions, the warmth, of a world where only girls reside...yet also the pain of interpersonal politics and selfish intrigue. And finally, those strong emotional bonds before which no hardship is an insurmountable obstacle. Verily, a finely-honed mental and spiritual realm for transcending the crude conceptions of the male mind!"
Hanadera Keisuke, Yuri Danshi

Yuri (百合)Translation  refers to a Japanese Media genre about sapphic romance and sexuality. Yuri works traditionally focus either on romantic or sexual feelings, but increasingly have both. Western fans will sometimes use the term "shoujo-ai" to refer to romance-specific, less-explicit works, while using "yuri" to refer to more sexually explicit work. However, in Japan, "shoujo-ai" often refers to girl-focused pedophilia, and yuri is also known as "Girls' Love" (in English), or GL, a term created in common with the more popular male version, "Boys' Love" or BL.

Yuri is a genre distinguished by many tropes, stereotypes, and specific plotlines or interactions. The term "yuri" is so strongly associated with those tropes and stereotypes that some Japanese yuri fans use a different term, like "bian" (short for lesbian)note , "Onna x Onna" ("women x women"), or "Onna-doushi" ("women together") for works which are actually by/for lesbian women. Yuri is commonly an idealized and unrealistic portrayal of sapphic relationships, like most romance, and is not representative of actual sapphic people, culture, community, and experiences. This is, in part, due to the genre's high Fluff content.


In Japan, yuri stories and portrayal depend a lot on the target audience demographic:

  • Yuri aimed at girls ("Shoujo yuri") is commonly hyperfeminine and "pure" but may feature some degree of gender-bending or cross-dressing, with the bifauxnen in a more traditionally male role. In either case, it's usually focused on stories of female solidarity, idealized femininity and gender transgression, with physical displays of affection rarely going beyond hugging and kissing.
  • Yuri aimed at adult women ("josei yuri") is usually less stereotyped and fairly realistic, like most fiction aimed at adults. Many works in the demographic are targeted at actual sapphic women, which is why this type is often called "yuri for lesbians".note 
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  • Yuri aimed at men ("seinen yuri") tends to emphasize (or overemphasize) sweetness, femininity, girlishness, innocence, purity, and moe generally. This type often shows a very romanticized or idyllic view of female adolescence or childhood. Alternatively, there are very explicit erotic stories focusing on fetishized lewd portrayals of sapphic romance or sexuality..
  • Yuri aimed at boys ("Shōnen yuri") tends to only exist as a secondary or tertiary genre under the main focus/es (see "background/subtext" yuri below). Often portrayals of sapphic romance is subsumed under sapphic sexuality in these works, often working the fetishized Girl-on-Girl Is Hot.
  • Yuri aimed at fans of the genre ("niche yuri") is found in specialized magazines where all the stories are about sapphic romance or sexuality. The first magazine of this type was Yuri Shimai, which was followed by Comic Yuri Hime and many others. These magazines try to cater to as wide an audience as possible, and publish both "pure" and erotic stories, with young and adult characters, and in all sorts of settings.
  • "Background" or "Subtext" yuri is a cross-demographic type of yuri that has been gaining a foothold in Japan. These works portray female protagonists (often Action Girls) in lasting lesbian relationships, without actually being specifically about these relationships. Though this element has the same status that a Romance Arc in non-romantic fiction does, such works are classified as yuri in addition to whatever their primary genre is.

Due to the Japanese's love for tragic stories of doomed couples, a disproportionately large amount of yuri works, especially older ones, tend to end in sadness, tragedy, obscurity, or audience-attracting sham. This is slowly changing and more fictional couples are allowed to have happy, committed, and canon endings as time goes on.

When a yuri work was made has a large impact of exactly what tropes it uses. Older yuri of the 80s, 90s, and early 2000s tend to be more rigid in their adherence to standard tropes. Recent yuri works tend to break the traditional mold much more often as the genre expands and gains more mainstream acceptance.

The most common tropes you find in yuri, especially older yuri, are Sempai Kouhai, Tomboy and Girly Girl, and Teacher/Student Romance. All three of these tropes can be cast in a particular light to make them appear to mirror or emulate heterosexual couples (see the Analysis page).

This entry is for the genre specifically. Works should be listed only if they are released as, described as, and/or feature yuri. Couple-specific examples should only be listed below if they're the focus of the series. For sapphic couples and crushes in other genres, see Token Yuri Girls. See also: Slash Fic, Everyone Is Gay, and Schoolgirl Lesbians. Compare and contrast Romantic Two-Girl Friendship. The Distaff Counterparts of Yuri are Yaoi, Shounen-Ai, and Bara, which feature male-male romance and sexuality.

Links and Resources

    Subtopes associated with the Yuri genre 

Creators and Examples

This genre is specific to Eastern Asia. East Asian and Animesque media ONLY.

    open/close all folders 

    Prolific Creators 
  • Go Nagai. While not known mainly for it, has proven himself partial to yuri.
  • Natsuneko. Has only written one-shots so far (see full list on her page).
  • Hiyori Otsu:
    • Aqua Blue Cinema
    • Clover
    • Orange and Yellow
  • Kaoru Sudoo. Disappeared from the industry for five years due to health problems (leaving OKG unfinished), before finally returning in 2016 with a new (very NSWF) series.
  • Jin Takemiya started working on original yuri doujin in 2007 and eventually debuted in Yuri-Hime, winning their Division Prize for her one-shot "All My Love and Lies" (later included in the Love Flicker collection) in 2009. Writing primarily in the Slice of Life genre, Takemiya is incredibly prolific, and her works have been featured in every issue of Yuri-Hime since her debut.
    • Chouchou Nannan (lit. "Call and Reply", which is a Japanese idiom for light-hearted flirting) follows a Four-Girl Ensemble with way too many hidden Love Triangles between them.
    • Fragments of Love, Takemiya's biggest work to date, follows Mika, a confident and serious high school girl with a preference for older women, on her daily life and relationships. The tie-in Love & Piece (sic!) serves as an Origin Story for the main plot's not-quite-Beta Couple.
    • Game concerns Chiriko, who finds herself the target of the Foreign Exchange Student Rebecca's affections, because she happens to look exactly like her favorite Dating Sim character.
    • Girlish Sweet is somewhat of a Concept Album: it follows several mostly unrelated couples, but with a few pervasive motifs (the author refers to it as her "Red Seifuku Series", after the school uniforms most characters wear) and themes (various allusions to sweetness and sweet things).
    • Irrational Us stars two Office Ladies sharing a very emotionally unhealthy relationship.
    • KiLa KiLa follows Saya, a Fangirl of the Idol Singer Ria, who finds herself falling in love with the latter's insecure twin sister Mari. This story has thematic overlaps with My Beloved — another Love Triangle involving two sisters vying for affections of the same girl.
    • Love Flicker was Takemiya's first collection of previously published one-shots.
    • Perfume of Love is another Concept Album, united by the theme of scents and aromas.
  • Akihito Yoshitomi. Is well-known for his contributions to the genre, though he tends to take weird approaches:
    • Blue Drop, although the anime is much less explicit with its Girls' Love than the first and third manga of the series. The second manga Tenshi no Bokura moves away from Girls' Love, as the focus is on a heterosexual pair.
    • Sisterism is a GL manga about two childhood friends falling in love with each other's little sisters. Who are both 12. Although it's hinted that they're actually attracted to each other and misinterpreted their feelings.
    • Two and Two is a slightly different take on a similar setup, with two schoolgirl roommates discovering their attraction to each other only after they independently start dating older women. Both of whom are childhood friends, so it's complicated. Also, at least one pairing is into domination/submission play.
  • Mochi Au Lait started as a Pixiv artist whose popularity skyrocketed when her works had been translated to English. Since then, she's gotten a few manga volumes printed. Her stories are known for featuring a cute and funny Odd Couple, one that is often sisters. Mochi's series and one-shots overlap often, indicating they're all in the the same universe, which fans refer to as the "Mochiverse".
    • Kasumi And Acchan, her first longer-running series, features Kasumi and Akari "Acchan" and two schoolgirls who start in an ambiguous relationship. Are they romantic friends or are they something more? They sure are flirty!
    • Met My Sister On A Dating Site is her second long-running series. Adult sisters Ayumu and Sayo end up connecting on a dating website and begin their incestuous relationship in earnest. The second volume, published late 2017, indicates they're going to end up Happily Married.
    • Yuri Summer -Kagaya Inn- is a springboard series originating from an earlier one-shot Yuri Family about a family of five sisters that runs a ryokan. The series chronicles not only the relationships of guests (so far two Office Ladies and a Actress/Manga couple) but the seemingly incestuous interactions between the sisters.
    • Twin Sisters is Exactly What It Says on the Tin. A twincest shorter series about schoolgirls Otoya and Asane.
    • Fell in Love With a Girl 8 Years Younger is just what the title says, a story about two co-workers with an age gap. Currently on hiatus.
    • Video Rental Shop shows a female customer enamored with a female employee of a video rental shop. Currently on hiatus.
    • Note: Mochi has many many more works in the forms of one and two-shot type stories. For those, see her creator page.
  • Kodama Naoko:
  • NomnomNami is an indie deveoper of Animesque yuri games.
    • Contract Demon, about a female angel who summons and falls in love with a demoness.
    • KAIMA, a short RPG in which pink demon girl Searina meets Illi, the lover of Princess Ezel who was killed by her bother Prince Vido, and teams up with her to take revenge on Vido and stop him from destroying the world, and possibly becoming Illi's Second Love...
    • Lonely Wolf Treat is a series of short, Slice of Life RPG Maker games in which the titular Treat, outcast from the rabbit village and facing thier Fantastic Racism, bonds with Mochi, the only rabbit to treat her well. Moxie, a fox who also receives prejudice from the rabbits, joins in and grows closer to Treat and Mochi herself.
    • Her Tears Were My Light involves romance between female anthropomorphisms of time and space plus nothingness.
    • Romance Detective is a detective-story styled version, in which the titular detective teams up with a cop to uncover the mystery behind a mind-altering aphrodisiac.

    Anime adapted from Original Manga 

    Original Manga 
  • After Hours by Yuhta Nishio is an adorable romance between the shy Emi, who has no direction in life, and the confident and impulsive DJ Kei.
  • Banana no Nana is another "background yuri" action manga, starring two totally-not-lovers on a wacky fantasy adventure.
  • Bloomer Blue Maniacs, a oneshot comedy yuri work.
  • Bountiful Boobs, a story of one girl who wants to have a friend, but that friend will be with her only if she's able to grope her.
  • Can't Defy the Lonely Girl: A class representative is forced to do the requests of a delinquent girl so she continued to come to school in return for the teacher sending off a letter of recommendation to any school she wanted.
  • Cheerful Amnesia: A story about a girl losing her memories of dating her lover for three years.
  • Chirality is a seinen Girls' Love manga with a postapocalyptic soft-Science Fiction setting.
  • Creo the Crimson Crises, a supernatural shoujoesque Girls' Love manga with a slight cynical edge.
  • Dandelion Among Lilies is a short manga about two women dealing with insecurities in their relationship.
  • Dear Brother is one of the oldest and most influential yuri manga, about a middle-class girl who goes to a prestigious all-girls academy, gets accepted to the school's elite Sorority, and has to deal with all the the drama that comes with it—including falling for one of the school's three most popular girls. Many other yuri series that came after Dear Brother have been influenced by it to some degree, particularly those that take place at prestigious girls' schools.
  • Dear NOMAN is a supernatural series about a girl who gets recruited for her ability to see ghosts and becomes the master of a noman named Bazu.
  • Double House is a yuri manga starring a transgender hostess.
  • Ebisu-san and Hotei-san, a Will They or Won't They? story about two office ladies, one of whom is a workaholic perfectionist and the other a jealous tsundere.
  • Failed Princesses features a Gyaru Girl bonding with a plain-looking Otaku.
  • First Love Sisters, a Shōjo GL manga fairly typical to the genre but still a quality work in its own right.
  • The Flower and The Star is about the Love-Hate Relationship between two table tennis players.
  • Gamma, an action-adventure manga that takes inspiration from all things Super Hero, from be it Western superhero comics, through Sentai, to Magical Girls. The latter ones in particular are the focus of the manga's yuri subplots.
  • Girl×Girl×Boy, a manga dealing with a type 2 love triangle between two girls and a boy.
  • Gokujou Drops is for people who don't think Girls' Love uses Seme/Uke enough. Mixed with Unwanted Harem.
  • Gokujo, that adds comedy and ecchi to the mix.
  • Goodbye My Rose Garden is a Period Piece set in Victorian Britain about Hanako, a Japanese woman hired as a maid by Alice, an English noblewoman who offers to introduce her to her writing idol- in exchange for an unusual request.
  • Gunjo is a dark and twisted take on the genre.
  • Hana Ni Arashi is a Slice of Life featuring two friends who are secretly dating.
  • Haru and Midori is officially stated as being a yuri manga, although it's unclear whether Midori was in love with her old friend Tsugumi, whether she will eventually fall for Tsugumi's daughter, or whether she'll end up with a third party.
  • Hello Melancholic: Asano Minato finds herself impromptuly joining a band of girls and began to fall for the leader Hibiki-sempai.
  • Hinosan No Baka: Class President Koguma is made to perform odd tasks for her classmate Hino to keep her from skipping class.
  • Honey Crush is a comedic take on the genre mixed with the supernatural.
  • Husky and Medley chronicles the budding romance between the eponymous pair of high school students who attend an all girls school. Based on a True Story, the real couple as of 2019 are celebrating a decade together.
  • Is My Hobby Weird? is a Slice of Life mini-series about Maiko Fujiyama, who spends her morning commute staring up other girls' skirts to admire their buttocks. Which is how she meets Risa Tsuzuki, her ideal matchnote . The story follows their sexual escapades and their blossoming relationship, using a mixture of comedy and light drama.
  • Junsui Adolescence, a manga that deals mainly with a relationship between a student and her school nurse.
  • Kakeochi Girl is a josei manga about a woman meeting her first love again only to find out that she is currently pregnant and is planning to get married. A very gayngst story.
  • Maka Maka is a yuri hentai manga about two college aged girls.
  • Otome No Teikoku: Also known as Virgin's Empire, a Slice of Life series about school girls and their relationships, with more than a little nudity. Created by the author of the Cult Classic Maka-Maka.
  • Pieta: A josei manga that contains a dark psychologic yuri story.
  • Poor Poor Lips: A Gag Series Yon Koma with surprising depth about the lives of a rich, lesbian employer and her poor employee.
  • Plica is a slice-of-life four-panel comic about adult lesbians (so it's not really girls' love, but...)
  • Princess Candle is a historical fiction manga about a knight, protector, and eventual lover of the princess who tries to rescue her from an evil lord who wants to use her to make himself king.
  • Prism is a manga about a girl who fell in love with a 'boy' in elementary only for them to be reunited years later with the revelation 'he' is really a very pretty girl. Written by the same mangaka as Stretch.
  • A Room For Two is about two girls with completely opposite personalities becoming roommoates and maybe more.
  • Saki Shinohayu -dawn of age-, an ongoing 2013 prequel spinoff of Saki
  • Satou Kashi no Dangan wa Uchinukenai, a shojo manga that follows the relationship between a schoolgirl who wishes to rely on no one but herself, and a self-proclaimed mermaid who must find true friendship in one month's time or she will fade away forever.
  • Sekai De Ichiban Oppai Ga Suki: Archery club member Ichihara Chiaki is a huge breasts fetishist who is obsessed with the well-endowed Harumi Hana.
  • She Becomes A Tree is about a woman with tree parts who falls in love with her female coworker.
  • Shinozaki-san Ki wo Ota Shika ni! About a girl who is in the closet... about being an otaku. And sure, she may have some weird fantasies about her friend Kaede, but that's just because she's so cute it's a crime that she should be an otaku. So Akina must save Kaede from that terrible lifestyle... and maybe get a special thank you when they're alone.
  • Shiro

    Original Anime 

    Original Light Novels 
  • Adachi And Shimamura is a Light Novel series by Hitoma Iruma (author of Ground Control to Psychoelectric Girl and Regarding Saeki Sayaka) about two girls who meet each other while both skipping class and form a friendship that slowly becomes something more.
  • Last and First Idol is a Seiun Award-winning "existential widescreen yuri baroque proletariat hard sci-fi idol story" by Gengen Kusano that was later grouped with two of his other Yuri works with sci-fi elements (Evolution Girls and Dark Seiyuu) and published as a collection. Last And First Idol is notable in that it is the first debut work to win the Seiun Award in 42 years and in that it started out as a Love Live! fanfiction.
  • A Lily Blooms In Another World is a "reincarnated in another world" story about Miyako, who is reincarnated as the protagonist of her favorite otome game, Drop Fantasia. But rather than pursue the original Love Interest of the game, her heart is drawn to her favorite character, Fuuka Hamilton— the original villainess of the game! When Miyako confesses her love to Fuuka and proposes that they run away together, Fuuka agrees, on one condition: Miyako must make her say “I’m happy” in 14 days.
  • Living As I Please As A Loli Demon King has the Trapped in Another World and then Reincarnation and Gender Bender variety. Ryusei Homura is a healthy and very horny teen boy whose entire high-school class is summoned to another world without any kind of informed consent, is murdered by a class-mate, reincarnates into a female Demon King, and then has no issue sexing up any pretty lady she can get consent from, even if she's a bit less than honest with her approach.
  • Maria Watches Over Us is often considered a yuri series, though it's more about Romantic Two Girl Friendships between students in an all-girls high school. While none of the relationships go past subtext (with one exception in the backstory), it is nevertheless iconic of the yuri genre and has had a lot of influence on other works.
  • Otherside Picnic is the story of two young women exploring the mysterious "Otherside," a realm where strange phenomenon and anomalies based around Japanese Creepypasta and urban legends manifest. While the series is primarily classified as a Sci-Fi Horror, a major element is the developing relationship between Toriko and Sorawo, one that explictly becomes romantic by the third volume.
  • Roll Over and Die is a dark fantasy novel taking place in a video game-like world. The protagonist, Flum, is sold into slavery due to having all zeroes in her stats, only to eventually discover she has the innate ability to use cursed weapons safely. Along with a fellow freed slave named Milkit, Flum works to reclaim her life while also stumbling upon a dark conspiracy.
  • Sexiled: My Sexist Party Leader Kicked Me Out So I Teamed Up With A Mythical Sorceress! is the story of Tanya Artemiciov being kicked out of her adventuring party because her leader thinks she needs to start thinking about marrying and having children. While "venting" (casting Explosion spells in the nearby wasteland while cussing her head off) she accidentally awakens Laplace, the legendary Sorceress, and the two decide to team up so Tanya can have her revenge... all while Laplace and Tanya grow closer.
  • Side-By-Side Dreamers is an earlier work from the author of Otherside Picnic about Saya, a girl with an unusually severe case of insomnia, and Hitsuji, a girl with the ability to put anyone to sleep. In pursuing Hitsuji, Saya is brought into the fold of the Sleepwalkers, people who enter the realm of dreams to defend people from parasitic monsters know as the Suiju. Saya joins the fight, all the while getting closer to Hitsuji.
  • Strawberry Panic! is set at a cluster of three girls' schools populated largely entirely by Schoolgirl Lesbians.

    Video Games 

    Visual Novels 

  • The manga Claudine...!, written by Dear Brother's author Riyoko Ikeda, is often wrongly classified as Yuri. However, this is a mistake. The main character, Claudine de Montesse, is a transgender man who searches for female love interests. He is referred as a man such by other characters. His Unlucky Childhood Friend Rosemarie, for example, describes him as "a true man, given a woman's body". Therefore, it'd be incorrect to classify this particular manga as yuri. Although homosexuality and transness are both LGBTQ issues, they are different and, whilst they can overlap, it's not always the case.
  • Stellar Ranger Dark Star has the main romance and love triangle in the story fall between three Magical Girls.
  • Their Story, an original online yuri manhua by Tan Jiu about a tomboy who falls head-over-heels for a girl at a neighboring high school
  • Cross Heart, an original Spanish/English-language online manga by Ana-Christina Sanchez, about teenage girl named Haru who falls for the popular but aloof Kotomi. She soon learns Kotomi has quite a troubled past.
  • Fluttering Feelings, an original Korean manhwa by Ssamba, is a Slice of Life story about two Business University students, the average slightly immature Kim No-Rae and the beautifully captivating Baek Seol-A.
  • Lily Love, from Thailand by Ratana Satis, follows the life of Donut, a college girl who doesn't believe in soulmates. A chance meeting with her new neighbor, Mew, led to friendship and grows into something much more.
  • World Canvas, by Godley Malabanan, is about Sera, who was born with the power to see the little pieces of soul people leave in their art. She takes an interest on an artist, Rhiannon, upon finding out her power doesn't work on her art. Notable for being the first commercially published GL comic in Tagalog.
  • Magan&Danai, an original Chinese webcomic by ermuzibu, is a comedic Slice of Life series about a tsundere woman and her girlfriend.
  • Santiago Nights, an original English language light novel, about Lily Oda, a young werewolf mob enforcer and her human mate, Chelsea Heartfield.
  • These Days, by goodboy64, is an original English web serial, focusing on Akiyama Lilly, who obtains super powers after her best friend, Haruko Rea, confesses to her. Things violently escalate from there.
  • Hands Held In The Snow is an English-language Queer Romance Web Serial Novel about two young women who meet, bond over books, and fall in love in a wintery fantasy city.
  • Love Is Strange a Fan Remake of Life Is Strange which jettisons all of the angst and makes it a full-on Dating Sim between Max and the girl of her choice.
  • The Webcomic The Secrets of the Afterlife defines itself as "yuri". Taking place in an all-girls environment, this story follows Anya and June, two teenage girls living together.
  • It Would Be Great If You Didnt Exist: A Korean Manhwa about two women who meet in a less then ideal situation when Guk-hwa confronts her boyfriend and his mistress Jang-Mi, but instead of hating each other Guk-hwa and Jang-Mi are instantly attracted to one another.
  • Beloved is a Chinese webcomic about a thirty-four year old eye doctor who has a one-night stand that eventually turns into something more. Much to her horror, her partner turns out to actually be sixteen.
  • Comic book Goldie Vance about a female would-be sleuth who's also in a relationship with another girl.
  • What Does The Fox Say is a Korean webcomic about a love triangle involving three female co-workers.
  • I'm In Love With the Villainess is a web novel/light novel about a woman who finds herself reincarnated as the protagonist of an Otome Game. As the title implies, she only has eyes for one of the main female rivals instead of the intended three princes.
  • Mage & Demon Queen, an English fantasy webcomic by Godley Malabanan set in an RPG-Mechanics Verse. It follows the love-struck female mage, Malori who, unlike other adventurers that seek to take the head of Demon Queen Vel, wishes to take her hand instead.
  • Doki Doki Literature Girls is a fan comic based on the psychological horror visual novel Doki Doki Literature Club!. In the story, the girls are the Official Couples.
  • Female General and Eldest Princess is a Historical Fiction Chinese Novel, originally published as a Web Serial Novel; it stars a cross-dressing Chinese solider, Lin Wanyue rising through the ranks of the Chinese military during the Tang Dynasty, whose aim is to get Revenge on the Hun's who slaughter her family. It focuses on the blossoming relationship between her and ruthless Imperial Princess, Xian, as they navigate Chinese court politics together. It had been adapted into a radio-drama, as well as a Chinese Manhua.
  • The fanfiction series Tokimeki PokéLive! and TwinBee lives and breathes this trope, at least in the Slice of Life styled Main Stories due to the fact that pretty much all of the girls in both the Nijigasaki and Hinagiku sagas with two exceptions (Coco Miyashita and Margo) are all lesbian.

Alternative Title(s): Girl Love, Yuri, Shoujo Ai, Girls Love


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