The series starts off with a character (usually The Protagonist) living in a perfectly normal world. Perhaps the character doesn't like how life goes for them, or they find their world to be boring. Or maybe they don't mind their world at all. But then, a fatal incident (usually related to a vehicle) ends up killing the character. Then they find themself in another world (usually) with a new, younger body. Perhaps there's a huge difference compared to their origin world, like magic. Or perhaps it's nearly identical to the origin world, but with some minor differences. Usually, the character still has memories from the origin world intact.
Because one died in Earth, there is (usually) less emphasis on There's No Place Like Home. Responsibility to family members and culture died when they did.
Compare and Contrast to Trapped in Another World, the biggest difference is there's no way for the character to go back into his origin world. Though the character usually doesn't mind that much.
- In the final few episodes of Fullmetal Alchemist Edward dies and gets sent across the Gate into 'our' Earth in the 1930s. He gets transported into the body of his Earth counterpart and only is able to go back when he accidentally dies.
- In Jimi na Kensei wa Sore Demo Saikyou desu, Shirokuro Sansui dies because of a mistake and is teleported to a different world, where he receives 500 years of training in order to become the Strongest.
- Knight's & Magic has a Humongous Mecha Otaku who after getting killed in a traffic accident is reincarnated as a (literal) Adorably Precocious Child in a medieval fantasy world ...with Magitek-powered mecha (called Silhouette Knights). Of course he resolves to become not just a pilot, but also to revolutionize Silhouette Knight design to build his own Ace Custom; it helps that as a modern-day human, he was a workaholic, highly-efficient programmer, which translates as him becoming a Badass Bookworm Child Prodigy.
- Kono Subarashii Sekaini Shukufuku O! is a parody of this trope, right down to parodying Mushoku Tensei below. The protagonist, Kazuma meets an embarrassing demise from saving a girl from a farm tractor that he thought it was a truck and dies out of shock. Kazuma gets a choice to go to heaven or be reincarnated in a world with his current bod; he chooses the latter along with Aqua. In addition, he's not the only one to be reincarnated in that world.
- Kumo Desu Ga, Nani Ka? is an odd example— instead of reincarnating as a human, the heroine reincarnates as a low level spider monster after she and her class get caught in an explosion. Her case in particular is very strange, since she was just a spider in the old world; all her memories are fragmented off of the administrator of the fantasy world. Her classmates follow the trope more closely, though.
- Mushoku Tensei starts off with an Otaku NEET getting thrown out on the street by his sibling. He then witnesses three teenagers about to be run down by a truck. He successfully saves them, but at the cost of his life. He then reincarnates in a high fantasy world as Rudeus Grayant.
- Re:Zero is also a darker take of the trope, coming off the heels of the wave of reincarnation stories that flooded the 2000s and New Tens. Subaru certainly starts out as the young, down on his luck NEET that is usual for the trope, but he quickly learns that the world he's been sent into isn't as forgiving as most fantasy lands, and that whatever respect and strength he gets from that world, he has to earn, because his only cheat is coming back from the dead at random intervals.
- That Time I Got Reincarnated as a Slime, as the name might imply, is all about this. The twist in the setting is that a mysterious being called the Great Sage interprets the main character's dying thoughts on Earth rather literally, concluding that he should be reincarnated as a slime.
- In Vision of Escaflowne, Big Bad Emperor Dornkirk was originally a man from Earth (heavily implied to be Sir Isaac Newton) who, upon apparently dying on Earth, awoke to find himself healthy (if still quite elderly) on Gaea.
- Youjo Senki deconstructs the usual stereotypes of this trope. Rather than being a luckless 20 something Hikkimori with a good heart deep inside in order to save the world, the one who's being reincarnated is a Japanese Salaryman from a Human Resources department who favors efficiency above all else, heartlessly fires people...and gets pushed into a train by one of those people for his troubles. Reincarnating as a young girl in a magical Fantasy Counterpart Culture of early 1920's Europe was supposed to be a punishment by Being X for not only being a bastard, but also mouthing off God. You expect him to wise up and become good in that Crapsack World? Nope, Tanya is a horrible monster on the battlefield and set up the indirect deaths of two noblemen for not following orders and mouthing off to her. On top of this, she does everything she can to get out of the frontlines...Only to be sent to the frontlines because of her ideas.
- In YuYu Hakusho this is Kurama's backstory. He was once a legendary bandit fox demon but was severely injured. His soul then went to the human world where he became human. Now he's a Significant Green-Eyed Redhead character.
- Even Dragon Ball got in on this with Dragon Ball That Time I Got Reincarnated As Yamcha where a Dragon Ball superfan wakes up as Yamcha. Turns out Chiaotzu is also a fan from Earth whose been reincarnated several times before.
- Captain Atom was killed at the end of the "Public Enemies" arc of Superman/Batman via nuclear explosion, and reformed himself in the WildStorm universe, which lead to the events of Captain Atom: Armageddon.
- The setting of Requiem Vampire Knight works like this: on dying, people find themselves in a new body in Resurrection depending on their crimes in life: Mass murderers (Vlad Tepes, Attilla The Hun, Maximilien Robespierre...) become vampires, rapists become centaurs, fundamentalists become werewolves... Most people who just existed become zombies, those who died unjustly (Holocaust victims are those we see the most of) become Lemures.
- Reborn: Any living being - both humans and animals - that have ever died reincarnates in this fantasy realm in a different form that they used to be in life (though they still retain their memories) and its random from person to person: Bonnie was a old woman before being transformed to a tall and buxom blonde, while her father Tom (who had an average normal build) first appeared in this world as a 3-year old before growing up into a hulking warrior, while evil individuals in general are often turned into twisted monsters and mutants. What happens to them after they die in this plane is unknown, but judging from Estelle's death in the final issue, its implied they reincarnate again in another life.
- Shakara: After Shakara defeats the Big Bad once and for all in a Heroic Sacrifice, in the last panels an alien ship crashes down on a planet in another reality where a yellow Shakara emerges from the ashes.
- Whatever Happened to the Caped Crusader? mixes this with And Your Reward Is Infancy: every time Bruce Wayne dies in one parallel universe, he is reborn as his own infant self in another, to become Batman all over again.
- Reincarnation Can Suck has Harry Potter die and be reincarnated as Xander Harris. The plot kicks off when he's dragged back to Harry's world (courtesy of Dumbledore) to finish what Harry started.
- The Swarm of War starts with the protagonist getting killed by a car. He ends up as the Overmind in the Warhammer 40000 universe.
- In A New Divide, during Harry's trip to King's Cross in the afterlife, he hears a strange wailing, then finds a small orb of blue light and upon touching it is reborn as the previously stillborn Seekerlet Skyshadow.
- In Yeah, Kunai are cool but have you had dessert?, the Self-Insert protagonist suffers 'death-by-car' and is reborn in Konoha.
- In the Harry Potter/A Song of Ice and Fire crossover fic The Last Lion Of House Reyne, Harry was reincarnated in Westeros as Harrion Reyne following his "death" in Deathly Hallows''.
- In The Brothers Lionheart, a boy dies of tuberculosis and finds himself reincarnated in the fairytale land his brother used to tell him stories about.
- In Master-Mind of Mars, Ulysses S. Paxton ends up on Mars after dying in the trenches in World War I.
- Prince On A White Horse by Tanith Lee is about a Knight in Shining Armor on a Quest for Identity; he can't remember his past before the opening scene of the novel. In the end, he regains his memories and learns that he is an example of this trope, having lived a full life in our world before dying and being reincarnated as the knight.
- In A Symphony of Eternity, it's heavily implied that one of it's main protagonists Admiral Metternich travels between worlds each time he goes to sleep.
- Kumo Desu Ga, Nani Ka?: After a Hero and Demon King use a powerful magic that rips through dimensions and blows up her entire classroom, a quiet lonely girl finds herself reincarnated into their fantasy world... as a spider. Now she has to use all her wits to try and survive this world's deadliest labyrinth. Subverted, as she never really reincarnated: she was essentially an Amnesiac Goddess, and her memories linked up with one of the students caught in the explosion. Played straight with the other students who reincarnated, though.
- Re:Monster centers around the protagonist reincarnating into a goblin tribe, and follows his ascension into bigger, badder monsters as he becomes a strong overlord.
- My Next Life as a Villainess: All Routes Lead to Doom!: Katarina kicks off the plot by discovering, after a nasty head bump, that she's actually been living this kind of plot all along. Her old life was that of a Japanese gamer whose last game was eerily similar to her current life— and she was the stuck-up rival who got a bad end no matter what happened. Not only does she change her ways, Katarina's involvement in the other characters' lives sends the plot so Off the Rails that it turns her into what would be her old world's heroine.
- Isekai Onsen Ni Tensai Shita Ore No Kounou Ga Tondemosugiru has an unusual twist on this - the main character is reincarnated as an onsen (a hot spring).
- In The Beginning After the End, King Grey dies about five panels in, and the world he's reborn into contains suspiciously similar magic to his previous life.
- In They Say I Was Born a King's Daughter, Suhee Kim is murdered by a rejected lover and is reborn as a princessin a world where they have basically zero power.