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50 years of blood and boobs
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If Osamu Tezuka is the father of manga, Go Nagai (永井 豪, Nagai Gō, born September 6, 1945, real name 永井潔 aka Nagai Kiyoshi) is the cool uncle who lets the kids sneak sips of his beer and always tells the funniest dirty stories. The Roger Corman of manga and anime active since 1967, he has had a great influence on the world of Manga and Anime, as he effectively pioneered many of their most representative genres, such as the Super Robot Genre, the Magical Girl Warrior, and the Ecchi. While best known for his Mecha and Horror series, Nagai has also created a lot of comedy material and media aimed at children, and dipped in Professional Wrestling by creating gimmicks for New Japan Pro-Wrestling members like Big Van Vader and Jushin Thunder Liger.

Nagai began his career after he fell sick in college and believed he had colon cancer, as he wished to leave something to be remembered for. By the time he found out he did not have cancer, he was set on his career. Ironically his first efforts at getting published were sabotaged by his own mother! Fortunately, he caught the attention of Shotaro Ishinomori, (creator of Cyborg 009) who helped him get started. Nagai eventually funded his own company called Dynamic Productions. A 1980s OVA series, CB Chara Go Nagai World, was an Affectionate Parody of Nagai's works which had Super-Deformed versions of his most famous characters interacting with each other.

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Nagai is known for intentionally breaking taboos. Even his milder material has a humorously deranged quality to it. His early works got him in trouble with the PTA, and even today some of them can contain controversial material. Nevertheless, most of his TV work is technically safe in the interest of placating censors even in Latin America and Europe (though not the US).

See also: Ken Ishikawa.


Notable Go Nagai series:

Contrary to popular belief, Go Nagai merely pitched the idea for a Combining Mecha story that would become Ken Ishikawa's Getter Robo rather than actually creating it.


Tropes common to Go Nagai's works include:

  • Action Girl: Ironically for an author infamous for his frequent victimization of female characters, Nagai also created some of the earliest examples of strong, leading women in manga. Many of his series, like Iron Virgin Jun, Kekko Kamen, Devilman Lady and the massively influential Cutey Honey, feature female protagonists who often overshadow their male cast in fighting power, plot effectivity and sexual openness. Even when starred by a male, it's rare that a work of Nagai doesn't contain any example of a female fighter who is a force to fear in a way or another.
  • Adaptational Villainy: A lot of his Noble Demon villains get an upgrade in evil in various adaptations of his work. Examples include Amon in the Amon: The Apocalypse of Devilman OVA, Lan Asuka in the Devilman Lady anime, Tarantula Claw in Cutie Honey a Go Go!, and Ryo Asuka in DEVILMAN crybaby.
  • All Anime Is Naughty Tentacles: The Unbuilt Trope. Nagai certainly planted the seeds of this reputation for anime and manga, as he pioneered the Fanservice and Horror genres and took both of them Up to Eleven through his career, often including rape, mutilation and victimization of women, which originated many inspired works and works inspired by those that can still be traced back to him. On the other hand, he was also the first author to consistently write female protagonists that were badass, proactive and comfortable with their sexuality, and his portrayal of sexual violence has always been presented in an unambiguously villainous light. All in all, and despite his own (and pretty accurate) reputation as a Nightmare Fetishist, it can be said Nagai has been a mainstay in both ends of the continuum.
  • All Men Are Rapists: Very common in his works, though sometimes subverted in that women act as their accomplices or even as fellow rapists.
  • Art-Style Dissonance: In his older works, villains and other nasty characters have a habit of looking pretty goofy, even when they are serious and dangerous.
  • Author Appeal:
    • Bloody deaths and sexual aggression are pretty much his trademark.
    • Nagai seems to have some kind of running gag fetish throughout his works of impossibly strong naked women beating the tar out of men.
    • Particularly in the Devilman verse, cute ladies being paraded on large sticks is a visual motif of his.
    • Several male protagonists in his works like to drive motorcycles.
  • Bittersweet Ending: This is the most hopeful kind of ending for his stories. However, the more serious a series is, the more probably it's that it ends in a Downer Ending.
  • Black Comedy: Sometimes. Even his most bloody works are not devoid of perversely funny moments.
  • Body Horror: A lot of his works have this in spades. As an example, the demons from Devilman. They can be a blob with tendrils, mouth, fangs and eyes or a giant head with arms and legs attached to them and the humans possessed by a demon are even worse: one of them was a normal-looking woman. Then her arms grow into tentacles, and two heads sprout from each breast. Or the villains and Mooks from his Humongous Mecha series: Baron Ashura is half male, half female, Archduke Gorgon's lower half is a tiger; Pygman has two bodies, one of them sprouting from his bigger body's neck and Gandal has another being inside his head, and every time she wants to speak up, his face splits...
  • Canon Welding: Used to link apparently unrelated works such like Devilman, Violence Jack and crossovers such like Getter Robo vs Devilman.
  • Cast of Snowflakes: His character designs are diverse and very bizarre. It's common to see multiple characters who look like they come from completely different series in the same manga.
  • Chest Blaster: Introduced the concept in Humongous Mecha anime with Mazinger-Z's Breast Fire.
  • Combining Mecha: The creator of the trope. At a time he was staring at a traffic jam (he seems having a lot of his ideas from them), and he saw a car's frontside had crashed into another one's rear. Then he wondered what it would be like if two machines merged into another.
  • Crapsack World: The Devilman and Violence Jack settings especially stand out. If you live in those worlds, your life will be horrible and miserable, and your death will be even worse.
  • Creator Cameo/Descended Creator: Made a cameo appearance in the Cutey Honey live-action movie, and played the role of Dr. Kisaragi in episode 26 of Cutey Honey The Live.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: Shows up a lot in his work, but none more prominently than Devilman.
  • Digital Piracy Is Evil: He has spoken against it, and he has made some measures against webpages that reproduce his work without permission. His last measure, in company of some famous artists such as Buronson, is to sue seven book-digitizing shops because they're accomplices of all of the works that are circulating on the Internet without the author's permission.[1][2]
  • Dirty Old Man: Show up in several works, such like Cutey Honey.
  • Downer Ending: His most serious works tend to end in the same note: everyone, or almost everyone, dies, the world, or universe, is destroyed or the bad guys winning.
  • Evolutionary Levels: Used mostly in the Devilman universe, although it also shows up from time to time in his works to justify the existence of monsters.
  • Fan Disservice: While Go Nagai loved his fanservice, he also did scenes that were anything but titillating, such as in Devilman and Violence Jack.
  • Fanservice: The Trope Maker in manga and anime.
  • God Is Evil: God is the Big Bad of Mao Dante and the Greater-Scope Villain of Devilman.
  • Gorn: When Go Nagai wasn't wowing us with his Hot-Blooded heroes, he was delivering incredibly gory violence.
  • Gonk: A large portion of his characters have very unique and very weird designs. In comparison, the more conventionally drawn protagonists tend to fall under Only Six Faces.
  • Guilty Pleasures: A good deal of his work might fit this defitinion by modern, western sensibilities. Nagai could be accused of poor taste, but he doesn't have a single series that is not entertaining.
  • Hot-Blooded: Pick a Go Nagai protagonist. Any Go Nagai protagonist.
  • Hot Blooded Sideburns: The trope was even first known as "Go Nagai Sideburns".
  • Humongous Mecha: The Trope Codifier, only because Tetsujin 28 was the Trope Maker. However, Nagai's Mazinger Z was the first robot to be piloted from inside, and this model became by far the most prominent as a result.
  • Infant Immortality: Averted often. Children are not safe from harm in his works.
  • Magical Girl Warrior: One of the Trope Maker and Trope Codifier. Cutey Honey was one of the first examples of the type.
  • Male Gaze: Naked and/or sexy females are the norm. Female Gaze works too, with plenty of barechested, muscled males.
  • Mood Dissonance: The Fanservice in his works has a habit of being really out of place.
  • Naked People Are Funny: Introduced the trope in manga and anime.
  • Noble Demon: Many of his works contain at least one among the villain cast. Mao Dante and Devilman are literal examples.
  • No Ending: Some of his manga works were left unfinished, like the original Mao Dante manga, Abashiri Family (which remained popular in its original run until Nagai decided to drop it along with other series that he was doing at the time in order to concentrate on Devilman), Susanoo (until his reedition, which ends in an Ambiguous Ending), the original Cutey Honey and UFO Robo Grendizer. The New Mazinger manga (also known as Mazinger U.S.A. Version) was also left without conclusion after its first and only issue.
  • Science Fantasy: Another trope he is very fond of, since most of his works have both sci-fi elements and fantasy elements mixed together.
  • Self-Parody: Kekko Kamen is a parody of Magical Girl Warrior series... a type of series Go Nagai essentially invented.
  • Serial Escalation: Since Go Nagai runs his own publishing company, he's been essentially free to create whatever he wants for most of his career. While a few of his mainstream titles are known for their sexuality and violence, some of his more obscure, non-commercial works are amongst the most unrestrained, shameless and bizarre works to come out of Japan, and that's saying something.
  • Slasher Smile: His protagonists tend to sport one as a sign of Hot Blood and not just bloodlust.
  • Super Robot: Though Misuteru Yokoyama launched the genre with Gigantor, Go Nagai's series featured the first Super Robots to be piloted by humans and created or codified many of the tropes that would come to define the genre. Mazinger Z itself (or rather, its Anime Theme Song) is even the Trope Namer.
  • Trope Codifier: He is one of the most influential manga authors of all time, probably second only to the God of Manga himself.
  • Trope Maker: While often misattributed to creating some of the aforementioned codified tropes, there are a few tropes that he can be credited for inventing.
  • Tsundere: He was a pioneer of this too, as Sayaka from Mazinger Z was among the first tsundere female leads according to The Other Wiki. The only reason why he is not more known by this is because female tsunderes are actually not so common in his works (not as much as other character types, that is) and because the Trope Codifier by a wide margin would be Asuka from Neon Genesis Evangelion (also an Unbuilt Trope, ironically enough) decades later.

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