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Also known as the continent of Australia (Not to be confused with the individual country which is a part of it), Oceania is Australia, New Zealand, and the Pacific Islands. It's a political continent rather than a geographic one, because it's not a huge landmass but a collection of islands and atolls. To confuse the terminology further, Oceania is often considered part the Asian region (but not the continent).

The islands are divided in three zones: Melanesia being the islands north and northwest of Australia (The Indonesian provinces of Papua and West Papua, Papua New Guinea, Fiji, Vanuatu, Solomon Islands, New Caledonia, Australia's Norfolk Island, etc.); Micronesia, the micro-islands north of Melanesia (Federal States of Micronesia, Palau, Kiribati, Marshall Islands, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands, Wake Island, etc.) and Polynesia, with a lot of islands (New Zealand, Tonga, Tuvalu, Samoa, Cook Islands, Easter Island (part of the Chilean Valparaíso Region), the US state of Hawai'i, French Polynesia, etc.).

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You might also hear the term Australasia, this being Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea (the whole island) and some neighbor islands, including some of Indonesia. Sometimes Australasia is used the same way as 'trans-Tasman', to refer to Australia and New Zealand alone.

Regarding tropes, there are few of them here. Why? The islands have achieved independence only in the 70's and 80's. With the exception of the biggest threenote , every single country here has less than a million people, and most have less than 200,000.

Do not confuse with Oceania from Nineteen Eighty-Four, which comprises mutually exclusive territories.

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Countries

https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/regions_of_oceania.png

Australasia

Capital: Canberra
Largest City: Sydney
Capital: Wellington
Largest City: Auckland

Polynesia

Capital & Largest City: Apia
Capital & Largest City: Nuku'alofa
Capital & Largest City: Funafuti

Melanesia

Capital & Largest City: Suva
Capital & Largest City: Port Moresby
Capital & Largest City: Honiara
Capital & Largest City: Port Vila

Micronesia

Capital: Palikir
Largest City: Weno
Capital & Largest City: Tarawa
Capital & Largest City: Majuro
Capital: Yaren (de facto)
Largest City: Meneng
Capital: Ngerulmud
Largest City: Koror

Associated Countries

Polynesia

  • Cook Islands (Self-governing country in free association with New Zealand)
Capital & Largest City: Avarua
  • Niue (Self-governing country in free association with New Zealand)
Capital & Largest City: Alofi

Dependencies

Polynesia

Capital & Largest City: Pago Pago
Capital: Papeete
Largest City: Fa'a'ā
Capital: Kingston
Largest City: Burnt Pine
Capital & Largest City: Adamstown
Capital: Undetermined
Largest City: Atafu
Capital & Largest City: Mata-Utu

Melanesia

Capital & Largest City: Nouméa

Micronesia

  • Guam (Belongs to the United States)
Capital: Hagåtña
Largest City: Dededo
Capital & Largest City: Saipan

Useful Notes and other articles related to Oceanians and Oceanian culture

Australasia

See Australia and New Zealand for everything solely related to those countries

Polynesia

See Samoa for everything solely related to Samoa


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