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The Northern Mariana Islands, officially the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (Chamorro: Sankattan Siha Na Islas Mariånas; Carolinian or Refaluwasch: Commonwealth Téél Falúw kka Efáng llól Marianas), is a series of islands in Micronesia and one of the two commonwealths of the United States, the other being Puerto Rico. It is one of the nearest US territories to Asia, the other being Guam. Of the islands, most of the population live on the Saipan (Which acts as the capital and largest city of the territory), Tinian and Rota islands, and those are the only permanently inhabited islands. The Northern Mariana Islands also have the lowest permanent population of any part of the US. Despite the name, the Northern Mariana Islands include all islands in the Mariana Archipelago except for Guam, which is a separate territory.
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The majority of the population are Filipinos followed by the native Chamorros, and like the Philippines, the Northern Mariana Islands were formerly a colony of Spain, being claimed in 1521 by Ferdinand Magellan, with cultural clashes occurring between the Chamorros and Spanish and 90–95% of the Chammoros either dying from Spanish diseases or marrying non-Chamorro settlers. New settlers were soon brought in from the Caroline Islands and Philippines, and the Chamorro population gradually recovered.

After the Spanish-American War, Spain sold the territory to Germany under the German–Spanish Treaty of 1899, and it was administered as part of German New Guinea. The Japanese soon declared war on Germany during World War I and invaded the islands, and in 1919, all of Germany's islands in the Pacific north of the Equator including the Northern Marianas were awarded to Japan by the League of Nations, with sugar cane becoming the main industry of the islands.

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One of the major battles between the US and Japan in World War II, the Battle of Saipan, took place here on June 15th, 1944. The United States military invaded the Mariana Islands, which had 30,000 Japanese troops defending it, and by the end of the battle, fewer than 1,000 of those Japanese troops remained. The last group of Japanese holdouts also remained here after the Japanese surrender in August 1945, finally surrendering on Saipan in December 1st, 1945. Since 1947, the islands have been administered by the United States, with them holding responsibility for the defense and foreign affairs of the territory.

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Northern Mariana Islands in media

  • Rising Storm has a map set on Saipan. In contrast to most other maps in the game which involve Jungle Warfare, this map is set in the town of Garapan, where heavy Urban Warfare takes place between US Marines and Japanese Army soldiers.
  • Windtalkers: The Battle of Saipan plays an important role in the film.
  • Dragon Strike 1997
  • 1983: Doomsday: The Northern Mariana Islands were vastly depopulated after fallout from Guam started blowing over. It then became part of Micronesia, an associated state of the Commonwealth of Australia and New Zealand.

The Northern Mariana Islander flaghttps://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/northern_mariana_islands_flag.png
This flag consists of three symbols: a star representing the United States, a latte stone representing the Chamorros, and a mwarmwar (decorative wreath) representing the Carolinians; the blue background represents the ocean and the Mariana Trench.

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