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An archipelago of more than a hundred islands, the Kingdom of Tonga (Tongan: Puleʻanga Fakatuʻi ʻo Tonga) is an oddity inside Oceania. Not only is it a monarchy, but it’s also the only country in the continent that wasn't colonized.

Actually, it is speculated that before the Europeans arrived, there was a Tongan empire that included many more islands. Then the Europeans came right in the middle of a civil war. James Cook also spent some time here, and it seems the Tongans wanted to kill him.

Tonga was part of the British Empire and is now a member of Commonwealth, but it always recognized the king or queen of Tonga as the actual monarch. This, combined with the fact it wasn't colonized, are considered its Crowning Moment Of Awesome, and Tongans are very proud of it. Despite this, the monarchy of Tonga has developed into a more controversial institution in the twenty-first century. Riots in 2006 highlighted a frustration at the lack of democratic reform and even today a third of the legislative assembly is appointed by the king and the small noble class. Political activist ʻAkilisi Pōhiva was the main figurehead of the pro-democracy movement. His decades-long struggle with the Tongan monarchy led to several imprisonments and culminated in his eventual ascension to the office of prime minister (the first to hold the position through an electoral mandate instead of being appointed by the king or being the favored candidate of the nobles in the legislative assembly), an office he held until his death in 2019. Although the monarchy and the nobles are still reluctant to let go of their power, they are no longer in undisputed control.

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The national sport here is rugby. Considering the previous facts, it shouldn’t be a surprise. The official languages are English and Tongan, a Polynesian language.

Tonga's stamps are also known to drive stamp collectors crazy.

Oh, and the fact that it sent troops to fight in Iraq and Afghanistan without any losses makes it a World of Badass. You need more? It also produced the man who is the Memetic Badass of Professional Wrestling, MENG!


The Tongan flag https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/tonga_flag_4934.png
The flag was originally similar to that used by the Red Cross, but to avoid confusion it was reduced into a canton in a red field. Red and white symbolize Christianity.

The Tongan national anthem

E ʻotua māfimafi
Ko homau ʻeiki koe
Ko koe ko e falalaʻanga
Mo e 'ofa ki Tonga;

ʻAfio hifo ʻemau lotu
ʻA ia ʻoku mau faí ni
Mo ke tali homau loto
ʻO maluʻi ʻa Tupou.
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Oh, almighty God!
You are our Lord,
It is You, the pillar
And the love to Tonga.

Look down on our prayer
That is what we do now
And may You answer our wish
To protect Tupou.

Government
  • Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy
    • Monarch: Tupou VI
    • Prime Minister: Pohiva Tuʻiʻonetoa
    • Assembly Speaker: Fatafehi Fakafanua

Miscellaneous
  • Capital and largest city: Nukuʻalofa
  • Population: 100,651
  • Area: 748 km² (289 sq mi) (175th)
  • Currency: Tongan paʻanga (T$) (TOP)
  • ISO-3166-1 Code: TO
  • Country calling code: 676
  • Highest point: Kao (1033 m/3,389 ft) (157th)
  • Lowest point: Pacific Ocean (10,911 m/35,797 ft) (-)
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