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Useful Notes / South America

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One of the two continents composing the Americas, and the southern of the two. Known as the home of the most popular sport in the world, Association Football, with many of it's top teams and players also originating from the continent, as well as the origin of many popular fruits and vegetables worldwide like cashews, pineapples, potatoes and tomatoes, South America is composed of 12 countries, the majority of them being Spanish speaking countries (with the exceptions of Brazil, Guyana and Suriname), but with many different and unique cultures, and 3 dependencies. It was also the home of the Incas. The continent (except for the Falkland Islands, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Guyana and Suriname) is sometimes merged with Mexico, the Spanish and French speaking countries of the Caribbean and Central America (except Belize) as Latin America, and is sometimes merged with North America as The Americas, primarily in Latin American and Asian countries.

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Countries

https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/regions_of_south_america.png
Yellow: Eastern South America, brown: Southern Cone, purple: Andean States, red: The Guianas

Eastern South America

Capital: Brasília
Largest City: São Paulo

Southern Cone

Capital & Largest City: Buenos Aires
Capital & Largest City: Santiago
Capital & Largest City: Asunción
Capital & Largest City: Montevideo

Andean States

Capitals: Sucre (constitutional), La Paz (seat of government)
Largest City: Santa Cruz de la Sierra
Capital & Largest City: Bogotá
Capital: Quito
Largest City: Guayaquil
Capital & Largest City: Lima
Capital & Largest City: Caracas

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The Guianas

Capital & Largest City: Georgetown
Capital & Largest City: Paramaribo

Dependencies

Southern Cone

Capital & Largest Settlement: Stanley
Capital: King Edward Point
Largest Settlement: Grytviken

The Guianas

Prefecture & Largest City: Cayenne

Useful Notes and other articles related to South Americans and South American culture

South America in General

Eastern South America

See Brazil for everything solely related to Brazil

Southern Cone

See Argentina, Chile and Uruguay for everything solely related to those countries

Andean States

See Colombia, Peru and Venezuela for everything solely related to those countries


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