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It's gonna take a lot to drag me away from youuuuu
There's nothing that a hundred men or more could ever dooooo
I bless the rains down in Africaaaaa
It's gonna take some time to do the things we never haaaaa-aaad, woo-oo
Toto's "Africa", a song about a white man trying to write about Africa but struggling because he's never been there.
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The second largest continent in the world after Asia in both geographic size and population, Africa covers one-fifth of the Earth's land surface and contains 54 countriesnote , 8 dependencies, two thousand languages and upwards of a billion people. Its primary cultural divide is between the Muslim states north of the Sahara plus the country of Sudan (known collectively as North Africa), which have more in common with the rest of the Arab world than the rest of the continent, and "Black Africa" or sub-Saharan Africa further south. There are a lot of other divisions, though, including the differences between Southern Africa and the rest of sub-Saharan Africanote  and the transition zones just south of the Sahara: the primarily-Arab Sahel and primarily-"African" Sudan (which confusingly does not include the country of Sudan, where the people are for the most part culturally Arab but look "African" to outsiders).note  Africa is sometimes also merged with Asia and Europe as Afro-Eurasia.

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Africa is much bigger than most people realize, largely because of the distortions formed by creating a flat map of the round Earth, which also has the unfortunate side effect of making Greenland look a lot bigger than it actually is (in reality, Greenland is over 250 km2 (96.53 sq mi) smaller than Africa's second-largest country, the Democratic Republic of the Congo). To get an idea of Africa's scale, it is comparable to the continents of Antarctica, Europe and Oceania combined. Of course, this could also be attributed to the fact that Africa quite possibly constitutes the world's biggest Hufflepuff House despite housing a billion plus people, with only Egypt, Nigeria and South Africa really being known by the general Western public...

The continent is often stereotyped as the land of poor, illiterate, sick blacks who often wage war against repressive governments led by loony presidents who have egos the length of seventh heaven and/or the land of starving children living among untamed wilderness, who warrant sympathy from rich whites to conque-er, "educate" them, yet are always hindered by Western-hating terrorists who would smuggle people in and out for blood diamonds or declare religious utopia somewhere. Sadly, those kinds of stereotypes are exactly why most of Africa becomes so unknown to the West and why so little media can accurately depict its culture and peculiarities, or how, what and why the problems are affecting the continent the way it is, and whether it is because of excessive racism and xenophobia or just plain ignorance and lack of education about the continent can be left up to interpretation.

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If you are curious about African-Americans, they are the American-born descendants of Africans brought over to The United States as slaves in the Atlantic Slave Trade, particularly West and Central Africans, with most African-Americans being of Nigerian descent. They are not to be confused with Africans from the continent itself, though African-Americans did establish a country in West Africa, Liberia (which is notably one of the only two countries in the continent that weren't colonized by Europeans during the 19th century, the other being Ethiopianote ), with that country having it's own unique ethnic group, Americo-Liberians, as a result, and they also founded Freetown, the capital of Sierra Leone. Most Caribs are also descended from West Africans brought to the islands by Europeans in the same slave trade, with The Caribbean having many aspects of West African culture in general as a result.

For Africa in fiction, see Afrofuturism, Ancient Africa, Bulungi and Darkest Africa. See also Amoral Afrikaner, Great White Hunter and Mighty Whitey. And despite what you may have heard, Africa is not a country.note 

Countries

https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/african_regions.png
Blue: North Africa, red: Southern Africa, green: West Africa, pink: Central Africa, orange: East Africa

North Africa

Capital & Largest City: Algiers
  • Egypt (Transcontinental)
Capital & Largest City: Cairo
Capital & Largest City: Tripoli
Capital: Rabat
Largest City: Casablanca
Capital & Largest City: Khartoum
Capital & Largest City: Tunis

Southern Africa

Capital & Largest City: Gaborone
Capitals: Mbabane (executive), Lobamba (legislative)
Largest City: Mbabane
Capital & Largest City: Maseru
Capital & Largest City: Windhoek
Capitals: Pretoria (executive), Bloemfontein (judicial), Cape Town (legislative)
Largest City: Johannesburg

West Africa

Capital: Porto-Novo
Largest City: Cotonou
Capital & Largest City: Ouagadougou
Capital & Largest City: Praia
Capitals: Yamoussoukro (political), Abidjan (economic)
Largest City: Abidjan
Capital: Banjul
Largest City: Serekunda
Capital & Largest City: Accra
Capital & Largest City: Conakry
Capital & Largest City: Bissau
Capital & Largest City: Monrovia
Capital & Largest City: Bamako
Capital & Largest City: Nouakchott
Capital & Largest City: Niamey
Capital: Abuja
Largest City: Lagos
Capital & Largest City: Dakar
Capital & Largest City: Freetown
Capital & Largest City: Lomé

Central Africa

Capital & Largest City: Luanda
Capital: Yaoundé
Largest City: Douala
Capital & Largest City: Bangui
Capital & Largest City: N'Djamena
Capital & Largest City: Kinshasa
Capital: Malabo
Largest City: Bata
Capital & Largest City: Libreville
Capital & Largest City: Brazzaville
Capital & Largest City: São Tomé

East Africa

Capital & Largest City: Bujumbura
Capital & Largest City: Moroni
Capital & Largest City: Djibouti
Capital & Largest City: Asmara
Capital & Largest City: Addis Ababa
Capital & Largest City: Nairobi
Capital & Largest City: Antananarivo
Capital & Largest City: Lilongwe
Capital & Largest City: Port Louis
Capital & Largest City: Maputo
Capital & Largest City: Kigali
Capital & Largest City: Victoria
Capital & Largest City: Mogadishu
Capital & Largest City: Juba
Capital: Dodoma (de jure)
Largest City: Dar es Salaam
Capital & Largest City: Kampala
Capital & Largest City: Lusaka
Capital & Largest City: Harare

Unrecognized Countries

North Africa

Capitals: Laayoune (claimed), Tifariti (de facto)
Largest City: Laayoune

East Africa

  • Somaliland (de facto independent country, claimed by Somalia)
Capital & Largest City: Hargeisa

Dependencies

North Africa

Capitals: Santa Cruz de Tenerife and Las Palmas
Largest City: Las Palmas
  • Ceuta (de facto owned by Spain, claimed by Morocco)
Capital & Largest City: Ceuta
Capital & Largest City: Funchal
  • Melilla (de facto owned by Spain, claimed by Morocco)
Capital & Largest City: Melilla

West Africa

Capital: Jamestown
Largest Settlement: Half Tree Hollow

East Africa

Capital: Saint-Pierre
Largest Settlement: Port-aux-Français
  • Mayotte (de facto owned by France, claimed by Comoros)
Prefecture & Largest City: Mamoudzou
Prefecture & Largest City: Saint-Denis

Defunct countries, empires, and other entities

Useful Notes and other articles related to Africans and African Culture

Africa in general

North Africa

See Egypt, Libya and Morocco for everything solely related to those countries

Southern Africa

See South Africa for everything solely related to South Africa

West Africa

See Ghana, Mali and Nigeria for everything solely related to those countries

Central Africa

See Democratic Republic of the Congo for everything solely related to the Democratic Republic of the Congo

East Africa

See Ethiopia, Kenya and Zimbabwe for everything solely related to those countries
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