A Sub-Trope of Evil Overlord, as well as The Caligula. The militaristic leader of a fictional third world state or nation (often located in Latin America, Central or Eastern Europe, sub-Saharan Africa, or the Middle East/North Africa). Almost invariably rules a People's Republic of Tyranny or a Banana Republic. Almost Always Male, and often either Large and in Charge or The Napoleon/Mister Big.
His reign tends to be characterised by human rights abuses, political repression, ethnic persecution, judicial killings, extrajudicial killings, nepotism, and corruption. His political viewpoints (if he even has any) veer towards Communism, Fascism, or some combination of the worst aspects of both. Of course, none of this will stop him from proclaiming himself "The People's Liberator" or otherwise billing himself as a great hero. He may have attended a prestigious Ivy League or Oxbridge university in his youth, where he Majored in Western Hypocrisy. He is often the target of American assassination attempts and rebel groups, who may or may not be figments of his own paranoia. A common feature is to have a guerrilla movement training to overthrow them. Once this happens, the general goes into hiding to train his own revolutionaries to overthrow the government, which will be just as corrupt as the old one (as seen in Tintin and the Picaros). A common twist is to make him a Straw Hypocrite: he doesn't really care for his stated ideology, but uses it to cement his hold on power.
Tends to be based on one or more real-life dictators, most commonly Chiang Kai-shek, Augusto Pinochet, Benito Mussolini, Hideki Tojo, Francisco Franco, Rafael Trujillo, Josef Stalin, Fidel Castro, Porfirio Diaz, Victoriano Huerta, Leonid Brezhnev, Idi Amin, Muammar Gaddafi and Saddam Hussein. This is often used to make an Anvilicious point about said real-life dictator's policies. Surprisingly, Adolf Hitler is rarely parodied in this manner, perhaps because the man himself is enough of an acceptable target (although one of his henchmen, Hermann Goering, did famously dress this way).
Usually dressed in fancy military garb, with a Chest of Medals and topped with a Commissar Cap, though if he's a communist Castro or Che imitation, he might wear a plain olive uniform and a patrol cap instead. Common traits include facial hair of some sort, cigar smoking, a hatred of democracy, a long list of self-bestowed titles, and naming cities and monuments after himself. Because Generalissimos often have little political credibility but self-delusions of grandeur, they are often also called Tin Pot Dictators (not to be confused with Tin Tyrants).
Note that generalissimo (Latin generalissimus, the absolute superlative of "general") is a legitimate rank in some militaries, denoting a seven-star general. The first to bear the rank was Albrecht von Wallenstein, the Imperial commander-in-chief in the Thirty Years' War. A similar (theoretical) rank of admiralissimus exists; so far only Haireddin Barbarossa of the Imperial Turkish Navy has born it.
- Tintin has encountered several of these, notably General Alcazar (although he becomes relatively more heroic later) and General Tapioca.
- Benoit Brisefer, a French comic, has one such island Banana Republic with three generals (army, navy and air), who are constantly taking and retaking the palace from each other and declaring themselves Arch-Generalissimo or other inflated titles. Meanwhile, the dirt-poor inhabitants have grown used to all this nonsense and carry on life as usual (it helps that the soldiers are all remarkably inept, employing A-Team Firing to the fullest).
- In Tex Willer one of their antagonists in a mini arc set in Mexico is basically aiming at this position, but his plans are thwarted and eventually comes back for revenge in another arc.
- Spirou and Fantasio: In the stories QRN sur Bretzelburg and Le dictateur et le Champignon dictators embodied by this trope are a source of comedy.
- Nero: The series poked fun at both real-life dictators such as Adolf Hitler, Josef Stalin, Idi Amin, Saddam Hussein, Fidel Castro, as well as self-created ones, like Daris, a Mexican dictator introduced in De Man Zonder Gezicht.
- De Kiekeboes: Bibi Pralin Gaga, a parody of Idi Amin, is a recurring villain in the series. Sstoeffer, is a Hitleresque dictator of a Banana Republic in South America, while King Sacha is the equivalent in a Bulungi country. Tzervostuhr is an Eastern European dictator in De Roze Rolls, an album that introduces many other former dictators who have fled to a political asylum. In De Eén Zijn Dood president Rhottzaq is another Eastern European dictator.
- In one of the Wilq stories, a beautiful woman asks the superhero to find her dad - who happens to be a leader of a military junta, a part-time tyrant, and an aficionado of torture and corruption, as she proudly declares.
- The Expendables' mission is to eliminate one such general. He is slightly more sympathetic than the usual examples.
- In The Great Dictator the head of Bacteria was portrayed like this.
- In The Three Stooges' shorts making fun of Hitler et al. ("You Nazty Spy!" and a sequel or two), Field Marshal Curly was like this.
- James Bond:
- Emperor Shaddam IV (Jose Ferrer) in the 1984 adaptation of Dune. (The Emperor in the novel was actually a Modest Royal Who Actually Did Something, who happened to be on the wrong side of history.)
- Big Bad's main goal in Die Hard 2 was to free a dethroned one for money.
- Sacha Baron Cohen's character Admiral General Colonel Doctor Shabazz Aladeen, Democratic President-For-Life, Invincible and All-Triumphant Commander, Chief Ophthalmologist, Brilliant Genius of Humanity, Excellent Swimmer Including Butterfly, and Beloved Oppressor and Ruthless Protector of the Precious and Expendable People of Wadiya from The Dictator is a outrageously over the top example that makes every other example on this page look downright subtle and nuanced, as made clear in his biography. A few of these are direct references to historical dictators, including Bashar al-Assad of Syria (an actual ophthalmologist) and Josef Stalin (who was in fact called "Brilliant Genius of Humanity").
- General Emilio M. Vargas from Woody Allen's Bananas, who, at the beginning of the movie, has the previous president assassinated, then takes over. He is himself later overthrown by Esposito, a Fidel Castro Expy.
- Mentioned in Lords and Ladies as "Some people are born to kingship. Some achieve kingship, or at least Arch-Generalissimo-Father-of-His-Countryship.", possibly referring to Franco.
- In The Compleat Discworld Atlas Istanzia, following the collapse of the Omnian Empire, is ruled by a military junta, the leader of which has named the capital city Georginople after himself.
- "Mad Dog" Branzillo of A Swiftly Tilting Planet rules the fictional South American country Vespugia. The plot revolves around going back in time and changing events so that Branzillo becomes a benevolent ruler instead.
- The Autumn of the Patriarch as the dictator (unnamed) as its protagonist.
- The Feast of the Goat gives us the real-life Rafael Trujillo.
- Victoria's William H. Kraft is a rare heroic example, being the leader of the "good guy" faction in the book's heavily dystopian post-apocalyptic setting. Otherwise, he still fits every detail of the stereotype.
- Parodied in an episode of 30 Rock. Elisa's (Salma Hayek) grandmother hates Jack because he bears a striking resemblance to the Generalissimo, the villain of her favorite soap opera. Jack (being the President of NBC) acquires Telemundo and attempts to have the Generalissimo killed off. Unfortunately, since the show is apparently broadcast live, the actor playing the Generalissimo goes Off the Rails when the female protagonist attempts to shoot him.
[subtitled in Spanish] "Ha! You missed! Now I shall drink this magic potion that will allow me to live forever!"
- In Mission: Impossible, the IMF would occasionally be tasked with dealing with these. In the pilot episode, the team has to retrieve nuclear warheads being held in the hotel the Generalissimo uses as his party headquarters.
- "Weird Al" Yankovic:
- He's tasked with killing two of these types in his Party in the C.I.A video. But after he botches an assassination one of them ends up abducting and killing him.
- Al himself dresses as one for the Mandatory Fun album's cover art.
- Liv Jagrell, the singer for Swedish heavy-metal band Sister Sin, dresses as a rare female version of this trope for the music video of Chaos Royale (a song about how accepting her as dictator of the entire world will be much better than the current system).
- Fighting Opera HUSTLE was less about the title belts, tournaments and grudge matches usually associated with pro wrestling as the invading Monster Army, lead by Generalissimo Takada, usually took center stage. Unlike most examples, Takada actually did have supernatural powers to go with his grand self given titles(hence Monster Army) but despite these, and enough money to buy the HUSTLE promotion, he was frequently defeated.
- You can play as one of these in Tropico. One of the backgrounds, one of the outfits, and one of the hats are all called "Generalissimo", with the background having you take power in a military dictatorship, and the outfit and hat being a military officer's uniform with a big general's hat. To top it all off, you can put a beard on or mustache on your avatar as well. It's up to you how far you actually take this, however.
- If you don't want to make your own avatar, you can just pick a pre-made one, with predetermined traits, backgrounds, appearances, and outfits. These include real world dictators such as Fidel Castro of Cuba and Manuel Noriega of Panama.
- In the early missions of Tropico 4, "Generalissimo Santana" teaches you the finer points in running a country. Eventually he reveals himself to be a Treacherous Advisor and frames you for the assassination of the US president so he can take over Tropico.
- Battlefield: Bad Company 1 has Zavomir Serdar, dictator of the fictional country Serdaristan. His role is mostly comic relief and The Load to B Company.
- General Viper in Chrono Cross, who rules El Nido with his Acacia Dragoons. He's actually a rare heroic example; he might be authoritarian, but he's a good ruler and was only after Serge because he was being manipulated by Lynx.
- In Hearts of Iron II, Resigned Generalissimo is one of the possible trait for the Head of State.
- Queen-for-Life Deidranna in Jagged Alliance 2. You know it's gotta be bad when her own husband is the one who hires you to take her out.
- In the original Bionic Commando, the evil dictator trying to re-activate the secret Imperial Army superweapon is named Generalissimo Killt in the American release of the game. He has the stereotypical dictatorial appearance, in that he dresses exactly like the aforementioned M. Bison and looks like a slightly melted Brian Regan, and is characterized with the expected arrogance and military fervor. He also kind of gets Hijacked by Ganon when he gets killed off by a revived Hitler.
- Colonel Allende in Red Dead Redemption, who perfectly fits the archetype of "Corrupt Central American military leader" as befits the adherence of the game to various kinds of Western films. John Marston plays both fields in the rebellion to try and get his target, but eventually works completely against the government after Allende tries to have him executed.
- General Raul Grasiento, who appears in Broken Sword II, who has a crush on Nicole (much to her dismay), and George notes that he had all the medals in the wrong side of the chest. In a variation of the trope, he isn't the leader of his country, Quaramonte. That position belongs to his mother. And in an even odder variant, he pulls a HeelFace Turn towards the end, and helps the heroes save the day.
- In the original Metal Gear and Metal Gear 2: Solid Snake, Big Boss is this.
- Giorgio Zott from Time Crisis 3.
- The villains of the Just Cause series are tin pot dictators of island nations who Rico Rodriguez (a "Dictator Removal Specialist") must topple through destruction of property and creative uses of grappling hooks.
- Just Cause 3's Big Bad, Di Ravello, staged a coup d'etat and conquered the small island nation of Medici which Rico is now trying to liberate from his rule. Unusually, we get to hear how he did it by searching for his audio diary tapes showing what kind of heartless, psychotic maniac would be capable of performing this kind of action.
- El Jefe of Sly Cooper: Thieves in Time is essentially a Fidel Castro parody, being a mercenary dictator with a penchant for cigars who hires out his talents for conquering small nations.
- Pagan Min of Far Cry 4 is the military dictator of the nation of Kyrat, having started off as a Triad gangster who ingrained himself within the royal family before overthrowing them and taking over in a bloody civil war. He uses his position to take his anger out on the Kyrati populace while also cultivating a Cult of Personality. Interestingly, while certainly a military dictator, Pagan doesn't dress like one, preferring a pink suit instead.
- Borderlands 2 features a corporate version in the form of Handsome Jack. While Jack lacks the military background or chest full of medals, he regularly bills himself as a hero and claims to be civilizing Pandora, a miserable Death World, throughout the game. Jack rules over the planet with an iron fist, suppresses dissent by sending his army to destroy any resistance, cultivates a cult of personality from both Hyperion workers and Pandoras, and puts up statues and posters of himself everywhere. His ideal city for Pandora is also a massive Egopolis dedicated to himself and telling everyone what a great hero he is. The final episode of Tales from the Borderlands also hints that he regularly kills his own employees, with AI Jack interrogating his workers to find Rhys's location, and casually gunning them down with a turret if they can't answer immediately.
- The Venezuelan News Parody Chigüire Bipolar will sometimes show off this trope's traits on presidents Hugo Chávez and Nicolás Maduro, but it most notably comes up in the entry Maduro: "They'll call me a dictator, but I'm going to do everything a dictator does."
- The Joueur du Grenier uses this persona when running SimCity (and while he doesn't dress as Hitler, he does go through a Hitler Rants). You can imagine the kind of Wretched Hive the city becomes under his iron-fisted rule.
- After the fiasco of the 2000 Presidential election, The Onion ran a shot of Bill Clinton photoshopped into a Generalissimo uniform with the title "Clinton Declares Self President for Life."
- DuckTales (1987): In "Allowance Day", General Chiquita, president of the aptly named Banana Republic.
- The Simpsons:
- All hail Krull and his glorious new regime!
- Another example had Bart call one up to find out if his toilet flushes in the opposite direction in the southern hemisphere to the northern. El Presidenté's translator's English isn't the best and he ends up telling El Presidenté that the rebels will win, causing him to jump out the window.
- Roger briefly impersonates one of these in American Dad!.
- The Transformers had Abdul Fakkadi, Supreme Military Commander, President-for-Life, and King of Kings of the Socialist Democratic Federated Republic of Carbombya, pictured above. He is a not-so-subtle Take That! at Muammar Gaddafi (with his long list of titles a probable reference to Idi Amin). (Which makes him the least racist thing about the episodes set there.) Regardless, it was enough to make Casey Kasem (the voice of Cliffjumper, who had survived the crucible that was the 1986 film) quit the series out of disgust.
- Once Upon a Time... Space has General Pest, leader of Cassiopeia, who given the Expy of the Real Life Roman Republic with Crystal Spires and Togas that is that nation is closer to a dictator in Roman sense. That changes near the end of the series, when he organizes a coup d'état and becomes the de facto leader of Cassiopeia. He does not get much time to enjoy it, however.
- Towards the end of the Vice arc in Archer, the cartel travels to San Marcos to meet "El Presidente" Gustavo Calderon, who's been at war with the rebels in his country. Thanks to Archer's typical bungling, a rebel attack and several other events (including his infatuation with Cherlene's country music), he ends up deposed by Cyril, of all people- when he, Archer and Cherlene attempt to escape, he ends up getting mauled by a tiger. (Cyril ends up having to flee with everyone else when US Marines invade the place.)