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With pegasi red and unicorns blue,
They're all cool horses — purple alicorns too!

Some tropes can be pretty broad. Some can be so broad that even a specific form of them can be tropes by themselves.

Let's say there's a trope for "Juggling". You realize that "Scarf Juggling" and "Knife Juggling" are pretty common as well, to the point where you can think of half a dozen examples for both. Those would be Sub-Tropes, whereas "Juggling" in general is their Super Trope. In logic terms, "Juggling" is the genus and the different kinds of juggling are the differentia; they share the same common theme in their definition, but they each have additional features that distinguish one from another.

What makes a sub-trope can vary. Perhaps the most common way is that several examples of a trope have a distinctive common element not seen in the other examples. That makes the super trope separate from the larger trope. Or, as mentioned above, a trope can have several possible variations built in, and once examples of any of those variations are common enough, they form a sub-trope. These sub-tropes can be listed instead of the super trope, seeing as the sub-trope implies the presence of the super trope.

Heck, some tropes can be sub-tropes of more than one super trope. This can be a shared aspect of them or actually combining the two tropes.

Now the definition of the super and sub tropes are what's important. In most cases, every example of a sup trope will also be an example of its super trope, but there are some exceptions. Fortunately it's good troping etiquette to just list sub trope examples on those pages instead of the super tropes (to avoid page bloat), rather than worrying if every example fits the larger trope.

Compare Sister Trope.

Compare/Contrast The Same, but More Specific (when a distinction is not enough to make a separate trope).

Notable Sub-Tropes