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Useful Notes / Indonesians with Infantry

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Indonesia's military force is called the TNI (Tentara Nasional Indonesia, Indonesia National Armed Forces). The branches are TNI Angkatan Darat (Army), TNI Angkatan Laut (Navy) and TNI Angkatan Udara (Air Force). They have several spec ops groups, most notably Kopassus (Komando Pasukan Khusus).

They've also participated in the UNPROFOR. They also have a marine corps, which is attached to the Navy. They're pretty well-equipped, operating BTR-80 APCs, the BMP-3 IFV and PT-76 amphibious tanks, however they're relatively unheard of compared to the other branches.

The TNI reports to the President through the office of the Ministry of Defense (formerly the Department of Defense until a 2010 reform of the cabinet). It was established on October 5, 1945 - at the height of the National Revolution.

The Army

Oldest of the services, as per The Other Wiki the Army - in its beginnings made up of both pro-Japan militias and the anti-Japanese resistance fighters - is also the biggest and has the lion's share of the defense budget and modern equipment. Has 15 territorial divisional commands plus the Strategic Reserve Command, the Kopassus, the Women's Army Corps and the Army Air Service. Several of these commands trace their lineage and battle honors to the National Revolution years.

  • Iskandar Muda Command (Aceh)
  • Territorial Command 1 "Bukit Barisan" (North Sumatra)
  • TC-2 "Sriwijaya" (South Sumatra)
  • TC-3 "Siliwangi" (Banten and Western Java)
  • Jakarta Capital Command
  • TC-4 "Diponegoro" (Central Java)
  • TC-5 "Brawijaya" (Eastern Java)
  • TC-12 "Tanjungpura" (Western Kalimantan)
  • TC-6 "Mulawarman" (Eastern Kalimantan)
  • TC-14 "Hasanuddin" (Southern Sulawesi)
  • TC-13 "Merdeka"(Northern Sulawesi, reformed 2016 after being disbanded in 1983)
  • TC-9 "Udayana" (Bali and Lesser Sundas)
  • TC-16 "Pattimura" (Moluccas)
  • TC 17 (Central Papua)
  • TC-18 (Western Papua)
  • Special Forces Corps
    • 1st Brigade
    • 2nd Brigade
    • 3rd Brigade - Combat Intelligence
    • 81st Counter Terrorist Unit
  • Strategic Command
    • 1st Infantry Division
    • 2nd Infantry Division
    • 3rd Infantry Division
  • Education, Training and Doctrine Command
  • Miliary Police Command
  • Medical Department
  • Signals Corps
  • Corps of Engineers
  • Logistics and Transportation Corps

The Navy

Second oldest. Founded with the same personnel as the Army but in a later period, also one of the biggest naval forces in Southeast Asia, with a mix of foreign-made and nationally produced vessels. Divided into 3 Fleet Commands, a naval air service and the Marine Corps, the 2nd oldest (after Thailand) in Southeast Asia.

  • 1st Fleet Command - Western Fleet
  • 2nd Fleet Command - Central Fleet
  • 3rd Fleet Command - Eastern Fleet Forces
  • Naval Air Forces
  • Marine Corps
    • 1st Marine Forces Central
      • 1st Marine Brigade
      • 1st Cavalry Regiment
      • 1st Artillery Regiment
    • 2nd Marine Forces West
      • 2nd Marine Brigade
      • 4th Marine Brigade
      • 2nd Cavalry Regiment
      • 2nd Artillery Regiment
    • 3rd Marine Forces East
      • 3rd Marine Brigade
      • 3rd Cavalry Regiment
      • 3rd Artillery Regiment
  • Women's Naval Service
  • Naval Police Command
  • Military Sealift Command
  • Naval Education and Training Command
  • Medical Department

The Air Force

Founded in March 1946, it is Southeast Asia's 2nd oldest air force and one of the biggest and more modern.

  • 1st Western Operational Command
  • 2nd Central Operational Command
  • 3rd Eastern Command
  • National Air Defense Forces Command
  • Paskhas Corps
    • 1st Division Central
      • 1st Para-Commando Wing Central
    • 2nd Division East
      • 2nd Para-Commando Wing East
    • 3rd Division West
      • 3rd Para-Commando Wing West
    • Support Brigade
    • Air Defense Brigade
  • Women's Air Service
  • Air Force Police
  • Air Education and Training Command


Indonesia has long histories with both Russia/former USSR and the US, and as a result operates equipment purchased from both:
  • The standard service rifle is the SS1 (Senapan Serbu = assault rifle), a licensed copy of the Belgian FN FNC carbine made by the government corporation (BUMN) HK G3, M16 and 5.56 mm AK variants are also used, the latter oddly enough are more often seen in the hand of cops guarding ATMs while they're being filled. The M16 is still the most widespread assault rifles in use. The spec ops units often use M4, HK G36, Steyr-Mannlicher AUG, and HK416. There are also some Galil assault rifles in use, though it seems nobody will admit where they came from. Recently, PT Pindad started manufacturing an assault rifle called the SS2, which looks like an M16 with AK gas block (despite the looks, it is actually a heavily modified FNC design rather than M16), reversed front sight and slightly different detachable carrying handle.
  • As for sniper rifles, they mostly use the Remington 700, HK G3SG1 and Galil-Galatz. The special forces also use the PGM Hecate II, a .50 caliber French bolt-action rifle.
  • Much of their armor is composed of lighter vehicles such as light tanks and IFVs, as the country's terrain is not conducive to operating heavier MBTs . They also operate BTR-80 and BTR-50 armored personnel carriers and V-150 Commando and M113 IFV-s. Early Cold War-era British armored cars also appear occasionally. Land Rover Defenders and Singapore's Flyer are used by both the police and the army, sometimes mounted with anti-aircraft guns or Singapore's CIS automatic grenade launchers. The South African Casspir is used by the police. As for local designs, Pindad also has started producing the Pindad Panser (meaning armored car), a rather plain looking APC. Some BMP-2 and PT-76 are in use by the marine corps, as well as a small number of BMP-3s. They have also made several anti-riot vehicles. Recently, Marder IFVs have been purchased from the Netherlands, plus the nationally produced Pindad Panser Anoa APC series.
    • Recently, TNI AD has also purchased MBTs, specifically Leopards, for the Kostrad. The decision was questioned because Indonesian terrain isn't ideal for 60-ton MBTs like the Leopard 2:: Java has to many open terrain but primary staple is rice which is planted on muddy rice paddies, so open terrain is muddy; elsewhere either has limited open terrain or mountainous, to solve these problems a new medium tank is being made with Turkish assistance to adapt to the wide range of terrain the country has- the MMWT- or (as Indonesians call it) the Pindad Harimau (Tiger; no relation to the German Tiger I of WW2 fame)
  • They have F-16 and Su-27 fighters (plus new Su-30MK2s). They also had A-4 Skyhawk and OV-10 Bronco ground attack crafts and BAE Hawk light fighters; the former was bought via a secret deal with Israel note  and the latter three were bought for COIN operations in East Timor. The TNI-AU is the second military force outside of the US to operate the C-130 Hercules cargo planes. They have several black Mi-24 "Hind" gunships. The Mi-8 "Hip" helicopter is used by both the army and the police. The navy owns several types of naval helicopters, mostly British, plus nationally made transports.
    • Indonesia has a rare record of their F-16-s having accidents; rather worryingly, said accidents happened a total of 5 times in 3 decades.
  • The police force is called Polri (Kepolisan Republik Indonesia). Regional units are called Polda (Polisi Daerah) for provinces, Polres (Polisi Resor) for cities, townships and municipalities, and Polsek (Polisi Sektor) for districts. Formerly a part of the Armed Forces, today the POLRI is a directly reporting agency under the direct control the Office of the President thru the National Police Commission.
  • Local police forces (Satpol PP) are tasked for protection of cities and municipalities and also act in coordination with the national police. These local police forces are responsible to the Ministry of Home Affairs through their respective local governments.

Notable Units

  • The Brimob (Brigade Mobil) is pretty much the Indonesian SWAT, only they're less specialized and often perform tasks commonly done by the normal cops in foreign countries. Founded in 1946, recognized by their light blue berets pushed to the left (common in the police unlike in the armed forces, whose berets are pushed to the right sans the Military Police), and organized as a full Corps with 4 national regiments and 32 regional regiments stationed nationwide.
  • The Kopassus (Komando Pasukan Khusus, i.e. The Special Forces) have tales of rampant badassery throughout its ranks. Some of it even stray into the supernatural sometimes, the most famous being one tale where a Kopassus soldier shrugging off a sniper round to the temple in a live-fire exercise. Formed as a full division of 4 SF Regiments and one training center, recognized by their red berets given that its founder was an ex-Netherlands Army Special Forces operator.
  • The KOPASKA or Naval Frogmen Unit, modeled on the Navy SEALs and with a similar recruiting policy (and have continued joint training with them as it was in the early days of its formation). Organized into three Battalion Combat Teams with 6 Teams per fleet command.
  • Marine Force Recon (Yontalfib) is organized as a regiment of 3 special force recon battalions within the Marine Corps. Known for their violet berets.
  • The Paskhas (Air Special Forces), actually the oldest, having been raised during the National Revolution, is a ground combat unit that is capable of operating on land, sea, and air for capture and defense of airfields and air installations. It also as an air defense role. They are more recognized by their orange berets. The PASKHAS are organized as a full corps with 3 divisions.
  • The Army Strategic Reserve (Kostrad, founded by soon to be President Suharto, himself a veteran of the National Revolution, in 1962) serves as the elite national reserve service of the army and the armed forces. These active reserves also get a share in the new equipment and vehicles in service in the TNI-AD. They are recognized by their green berets. Also organized into a corps, these are formed into 3 infantry divisions, one intelligence battalion and one battalion combat team formed for combined arms operations.
    • Suharto later becoming a dictator who served for 31 years in the presidential office is the Old Shame of the unit, especially veterans who served under him when he was the founding commanding general from 1962 to 1965, when he was promoted to Chief of the Army after distinguishing himself in the events of the 30 September Movement attempted coup that very same year in the capital area.
    • Another such old shame is the 2nd commanding general, vice-president Umar Wirahadikusumah (in office 1983-88). He served this capacity from 1965-1967 and had been involved in the anti-communist activities after the September failed coup alongside the corps he led. He was formerly the founding commander of Jakarta Command.
  • The Presidential Security Forces (Paspampres), successor to the infamous Tjakrabirawa Regiment (in service 1962-65 and had been possibly the ones responsible for the 1965 coup) is the official presidential guard brigade of the armed forces, formed into 4 regiments plus other support units that serve the President, the Vice President, foreign guests, and former heads of state, the First Family and families of former Presidents and Vice Presidents. Identified by their ceremonial red shakos, blue peaked caps and scarlet dress uniforms on ceremonial events or blue berets during normal days and weekends. Formed by personnel seconded from the elite forces of the Armed Forces and formerly from the Police Mobile Brigade.

The Indonesian Military in Fiction

  • In the original game in the Delta Force series, one of the campaigns has Delta Force operatives working to prevent a terrorist group from overthrowing the Indonesian government. Most actions that Indonesia's own military takes part in happen off-screen, but there is one mission where the Army does make an appearance as allies to the player. In that mission, the objective is for Delta Force and the Indonesians to work together to prevent the assassination of the President of Indonesia by making sure his limo survives a terrorist ambush.
    • The multiplayer spiritual sequel Joint Operations Typhoon Rising features Kopassus as one of the playable military units.

  • In The Tomorrow Series it is heavily implied that they are the unnamed enemy invading Australia. It's also possible the enemy are Chinese with Chopper Support, or perhaps an alliance of the two. This is never confirmed however.

  • Indonesian armed forces are the player's opponent in AV-8B Harrier Assault game, a combination of combat flight simulator and RTS. The game has a hypothetical conflict scenario with a US Navy taskforce trying to liberate the East Timor island from Indonesian military presence.

  • In The Last of Us (2023), they briefly appears in the Cold Open of Episode 2, trying to contain the first known Cordyceps infection cases in Jakarta. The mycologist they enlisted to study the cadaver of the infected declares that a cure is a lost cause and advising them to level the entire city to the ground along with its citizens to prevent the further spread of the fungi. It is currently unknown whether the Indonesian military had carried out the deed or not, but whatever they did, it done little to halt the Cordyceps infection to the rest of the world.