Observe the full moon sometime and take note of its shadows. If you look at it in a certain way, you may notice that its shape resembles that of a rabbit standing over a mortar.
This is the Moon Rabbit or Jade Rabbit. A myth that came from China, legend has it that the rabbit we see serves under the moon goddess and pounds the elixir of life for the immortals. The idea of a rabbit on the moon resonated so well that it spread to other countries under Chinese cultural influence like Japan, Korea and Vietnam, though in their version, the rabbit isn't pounding the elixir of life but simple rice cakes instead.
While the Asian version of this legend is the most widespread in modern times, they weren't the only ones who saw the rabbit in ancient times. The Aztecs and other Mesoamerican cultures also saw the rabbit in the moon (minus mortar) and had their own tales on what it is and how it came to be. One of their most famous legends state that the rabbit we see was thrown there as an insult to the arrogant and cowardly moon god, so that its luster will not be equal to the noble sun god's.
A famous mythical figure, the Moon Rabbit appears in several popular media, either in the form of the actual creature or as a winking reference to the legend. They're mostly found in Asian media, but there have been sightings in non-Asian countries as well.
- Adventures of the Little Koala: The episode "The Moon Goddess" has the eponymous character take the form of a cute rabbit girl.
- A girl in Beastars briefly wonders if the legends about rabbits living on the moon are true to which her classmate asks how they would breathe.
- Bleach has a more indirect reference. Rukia has a strong moon theme (described by the author in art as the "white moon" to Ichigo's "black sun"). Her zanpakutou is a snow/ice-type weapon that is also moon-themed (with at least one of its known attack powers being moon-based). She is utterly obsessed with rabbits to the point where she even draws picture boards of other characters as bunnies and the special soul that looks after her false body when she goes off fighting is the bunny-themed "Chappy"-soul.
- Buddha depicts a traditional Buddhist version of the legend, where a rabbit sacrifices itself to feed the Buddha and he places its image on the moon in memorian.
- The ending song of CLANNAD, "Dango Daikazoku," is about a family of dumplings/rice cakes, and mentions bunnies waving to them from the moon.
- Doraemon had an episode discussing moon rabbits and visit a future amusement park on the Moon to find them.
- Doraemon: Nobita's Chronicles of the Moon Exploration have Doraemon creating an alternate moon where rabbits do live on it, and tags along the gang for adventures.
- In Dragon Ball, after defeating the anthropomorphic rabbit Monster Carrot, Goku sends him to the moon where he's forced to pound treats for children. It also became Fridge Horror when Kame Sennin blew up the moon just a few chapters later. That poor anthropomorphic bunny didn't even know what hit him. Someone eventually thought of that and wrote him into Dragon Ball Z: Attack of the Saiyans. He apparently escaped just in time.
- Hetalia: Axis Powers gives a nod to the legend with China and Japan. The two characters (both grown and Japan, raised by China until then, on the brink of setting out on his own) look to the moon and say that the rabbit is pounding "something," that something being what is most common in the country's respective legend. China even mentions that time they watched the moon and the rabbit making medicine (the Chinese version) in one of his character songs.
- Jewelpet: The Jewelpet of moonstone is a rabbit named Luna.
- In Kamigami no Asobi, the moon god Tsukito has a pet rabbit.
- Kinnikuman references this in the final preliminary of the 20th Choujin Olympics; the competitors must fly to the moon and bring back a rabbit as proof. The titular Idiot Hero laughs at this until told that the rabbits are not only stuffed toys, but were planted there ahead of time.
- Medaka Box: The master of ceremonies of the Jet Black Wedding Feast (a battle for the hand of genius Medaka and control of her family's company) is dressed like a Bunny Girl. The third fight will evidently take place on the moon.
- In a rare example of the Aztec version of the myth being used in Japanese media, Lucoa mentions in Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid: Lucoa is my xx that she placed the likeness of a rabbit on the moon after one offered itself to her when she was starving to death.
- In Moon Boy, the rabbits and foxes lived on the moon before coming to Earth.
- Kaguya Otsutsuki of Naruto was based on this legend. She is a Human Alien named after the Moon Princess from The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, has horns that resemble rabbit ears, was worshiped as the Rabbit Goddess, was sealed in the moon, and has a One-Winged Angel form that has a rabbit for a head.
- In Pet Shop of Horrors Count D tries to explain to Chris why technology can be a burden by using the Moon Rabbit as an example, saying that humans "killed" the Moon Rabbit, the Moon Princess, and all the other mythological creatures by landing on the moon and showing none of them are real. Chris then cheerily replies "That's not true! They were all hiding!" which is appropriate considering Count D's shop is full of "mythical" creatures masquerading as pets. Seeing Chris' faith helps Count D gain more faith in Humanity in general which is good as Count D himself is actually monitoring mankind to see if/when they will be ready to join the rest of the animal world in harmony and very appropriate considering one version of the Moon Rabbit has the rabbit pounding medicine to heal Humanity's wickedness and "wounds".
- Kurousagi of Problem Children Are Coming from Another World, Aren't They? is a moon rabbit, complete with the ability to teleport a group of people to the moon.
- In Ramen Fighter Miki, Show Within a Show Starranger has Hell's Bunny, a new villain character based on this concept. Megumi is able to play the part of her perfectly.
- The main character of Sailor Moon is an obvious nod to this legend. Her real name, Tsukino Usagi, is a kanji-altered homophone for "Rabbit of the Moon" if split into words ("tsuki no usagi"). Her hair, as well as Chibiusa's, is intended to look like a rabbit's ears, and Chibiusa is even referred to as "Rabbit" at various points in the series, usually by members of the Black Moon Clan. Other little nods abound, such as Usagi wearing pajamas with rabbits on them.
- Amae Koromo of Saki was designed to resemble a rabbit (blame the bunny ears headband). Her powers are at their strongest when the moon is full and her Finishing Move is the "Haitei Raoyue", which means "To pull out the moon from the seabed". Incidentally, "Haitei Raoyue" is what it's called when the last tile on the wall is the winning tile. It's used colloquially to mean pulling off the impossible.
- Tsukiuta, the month-based Moe Anthropomorphism idol series, features tons of rabbits to fit their moon theme. The idols were scouted by magical rabbits, and they also have their mascots, the Tsukiusa, rabbit plushies that come in each member's color. And on top of that, they have several different sets of usamimi costumes, and a whole "Rabbits Kingdom" AU about a kingdom where everyone has bunny ears.
- The opening for Tsukuyomi: Moon Phase has Hazuki playfully dodging a pair of rabbits with mortars. Good luck understanding the rest of the opening.
- Yaiba has Kaguya, one of the antagonists of the series. She's the bunny-eared Empress of the Moon who wears a Playboy Bunny outfit and has an army of anthropomorphic rabbits as her subjects.
- Batman: In the Lovers and Madmen comic, when the Joker first emerges from the chemical vat that warps his mind and appearance (not that he wasn't a sociopathic criminal already in this continuity) the first thing he sees is "a bunny in the moon...that's crazy!" Then he bursts out his first real bout of maniacal laughter.
- A Certain Magical Friendship: Context_SHIFT: The moon is relevant to the story, and the concept is referenced in the chapter title: "Catch the rabbit - FROM_THE_MOON"
- Oversaturated World: Crossworlds Guardian, Sailor Orbital!: As noted in the first chapter, part of a Sailor Moon reference, to its titular character, whose civilian form is Bland-Name Product-ed into having the name, Moon Bunny.
- Star Wars: Galactic Folklore and Mythology: In Toydarian myth, a kindly spirit who saved the early Toydarians from a divine cataclysm was punished by the gods by being turned into a smeerp, a creature resembling a cross between a rabbit and rat, and banished to Toydaria's largest moon. The myth uses this as an explanation for the dark, rodent-like markings on the lunar orb.
- Voyages of the Wild Sea Horse: Invoked; the Moon Rabbit is apparently the Mythical Zoan variant of the common Rabbit-Rabbit Fruit. The first major antagonist of the story, Commodore Nelson is hoping to acquire this Devil Fruit, which has vague Alchemy Is Magic powers due to its Mythical Zoan status, and is outraged to discover he's been cheated with just the regular Rabbit-Rabbit Fruit instead.
- The Happiness of the Katakuris tweaks this trope with an image showing two rabbits humping on the face of the moon.
- Over the Moon: Jade is a green rabbit who serves as Chang'e's friend and Morality Pet. He made the city of Lunaria from her tears and is working on another potion to help reunite her with her husband, Houyi. He also falls in love with the protagonist's pet rabbit, Bungee.
- Pleasant Goat and Big Big Wolf: The third film, Moon Castle: The Space Adventure, has the gang go save the moon from the Gourd King and his minions. While there, they meet the queen of the moon, who is a rabbit named Queen Luna. Her brother, Wandi, helps them throughout their adventure.
- In Frank Herbert's Dune, the second moon of Arrakis has a kangaroo mouse-shaped pattern on it.
- In Robin Jarvis' Deptford Mice books, the messenger of the moon goddess came to earth in the form of a hare to speak with the Green Mouse.
- In the Harry Potter books, Luna Lovegood's Patronus spell takes the form of a hare.
- In one of the last adventures in Journey to the West, Sun Wukong fights the Moon Rabbit when she comes down to Earth in human form as an Indian princess attempting to force Xuanzang to marry her.
- This idea appears in Kit William's puzzle-book Masquerade.
- Princesses of the Pizza Parlor: In Princesses Don't Play Nice, Cassie, who is connected to a religion that is based around the moon, gets transformed to turn into a rabbit. A rabbit that, is enormous and able to fight the undead.
- A children's book titled The Rice-Cake Rabbit by Betty Jean Lifton is based upon a Japanese folk tale.
- The Grim Reaper/God of the Underworld in Watership Down is called the Black Rabbit of Inle, and Inle is the rabbits' word for moon. It is unsure if he actually lives there, as opposed to just being associated with it. Likely the latter as rabbits in Watership Down believe the sun to be God and the giver of all life, and in one folktale, El-ahrairah visits the Black Rabbit and doesn't go to the moon to find his home. The association is presumably because most rabbit predators hunt at night.
- Whateley Universe: In "Inaba 1", Rose gets her titular rabbit spirit after looking at the moon and asking, Why, why does it have to be this way? What did I do to deserve this?
- The Goodies. The trope becomes Rabbit On the Moon in "Invasion of the Moon Creatures". Graeme Garden sends a couple of rabbits into space. They land on the Moon and breed like, err, rabbits.
- This is why the moon base in Kamen Rider Fourze is named the Rabbit Hutch.
- The kaiju Lunatyx from Ultraman Ace (and other appearances since) is based on the legend. The twist is that Lunatyx actually destroyed a civilization that once existed on the Moon, reducing the Moon to the rocky waste we know today. However, among the Moon People who fled to Earth, one of their descendants was Yuko Minami, the female co-host of Ultraman Ace.
- The original myth is referenced in Cosmo Sheldrake's song "The Moss", along with various other stories and rhymes such as "Hey Diddle Diddle".
But have you heard the story of the rabbit in the moon?
Or the cow that hopped the planets while straddling a spoon
Or she, who leapt up mountains, while whistling up a tune
And swapped her songs with swallows while riding on a broom
- Yuna Ito's second album, WISH, includes a track titled Moon Rabbit that (loosely) describes the legend.
- American electric music group, Rabbit In The Moon got their name from this legend.
- The Sufjan Stevens / Nico Muhly / Bryce Dessner / James McAlister collaborative album Planetarium has a song titled "Moon", using the Buddhist version of the Moon Rabbit myth:
Jack rabbit jumped with a generous mood
Offering himself on the fire for food
Touched by his virtue, the fortune approved
Outlining ears on the fortress moon
- Months-as-cute-boys music and radio drama series Tsukiuta has their mascot, the Tsukiusa.
- The Vocaloid Yukari Yuzuki is said to be loosely based on the legend. The zuki in her name means moon, and all of her designs feature a rabbit-eared hoodie.
- Records containing references to the moon rabbit date all the way back in texts found during the Warring States period of Ancient China, which talks of a rabbit in the moon pounding herbs for the immortals. This makes the legend at least Older Than Feudalism.
- As mentioned in the main text, another version of the Moon Rabbit could be found in the creation story in Aztec Mythology. There are two versions of how the rabbit came to be. In one version, the god Tecciztecatl sacrificed himself as a rabbit when he became the new moon, and the rabbit we see is the god himself. In another version of the myth, the beautiful and wealthy god Tecciztecatl volunteered to be the light of our current world but feared the sacrificial fire when the time came for the ritual to turn him into the sun. In his place, the sickly and blistered Nanahuatzin stepped forward and bravely stepped into the flames to become the new sun, and now shamed, Tecciztecatl followed her. Angered at his cowardice, the gods believed that Tecciztecatl shouldn't glow brighter than Nanahuatzin and threw a rabbit at his face to dim his luster.
- Brazilian Folklore has a different version of the figure on the Moon. Instead of a rabbit, the image is seen as Saint George and the dragon in an eternal battle.
- Buddhist folklore gives a different explanation for the rabbit. Once upon a time, several animals resolved to practice charity, believing that great virtue will lead to great reward. When an old man came, the other animals offered it food that they had gathered. However, since the rabbit was only capable of gathering grass, it sacrificed itself for the old man by jumping into the fire the old man built. But the rabbit wasn't burned, and the old man revealed himself to be the deity Sakra, who was so touched by the rabbit's virtue that it drew its likeness on the moon for all to see.
- A similar tale could be found in Mexican folklore. According to Aztec legend, the god Quetzalcoatl lived in Earth as a man and while he was on a journey, he found himself hungry and tired with no food around. Just when he thought he was going to die, a nearby rabbit came to him and offered himself as food. Moved by the rabbit's gesture, Quetzacoatl placed its likeness on the moon, telling him "You may be just a rabbit, but everyone will remember you; there is your image in light, for all men and for all times."
- Pathfinder: The sacred animal of Tsukiyo, the Tian god of the moon, is the hare.
- Various rabbit villagers in the Animal Crossing series are themed after this trope:
- A peppy rabbit villager named Ruby — or Luna in the original Japanese version (which also happens to be the Italian and Spanish words for "moon"). With her house being moon/space-themed and containing a mochi pestle in every single game she appears in, she seems to reference this.
- Carmen, another peppy rabbit villager, has a moon themed house in City Folk.
- In the Happy Home Paradise DLC for New Horizons, Sasha, a lazy rabbit villager, will ask for a moon-themed vacation home.
- Bloodstained: Curse of the Moon 2 has the True Final Boss, Sariel, who is assisted in battle by demonic, skeletal versions of Moon Rabbits. By attacking these rabbits, you can incapacitate them and jump onto their heads, which provides the player a way to reach Sariel's weak point.
- Cookie Run has a Cookie entirely based on this trope; Moon Rabbit Cookie's Trade Mark Favorite Food is tteok (the Korean version of mochi, or rice cakes, which the moon rabbit is sometimes portrayed as pounding), and her skill turns her into a giant rabbit.
- The Un-Twist in Dark Cloud is that those hooded little guys with the big long ears who are from the moon are rabbits.
- A bizarre variation in the already insane shooter Deae Tonosama Appare Ichiban: alien moon rabbits... on Mars.
- Lunamon, introduced in Digimon World: Dusk, is a rabbit-like Digimon with moon designs on her body and powers related to darkness and the moon. Her final form is Dianamon, named for the Roman goddess of the moon (a.k.a. Artemis to the Greeks).
- In Disgaea 5: Alliance of Vengeance, the Rabbit monster class has a skill named Gold Moon Judgement in which it leaps to a garden of carrots on the moon and consumes one, then unleashes an attack. Usalia also has nods to this in her design, using a kine (a long wooden mallet used to pound mochi) as her weapon.
- In Final Fantasy IV, a colony of Hummingway, small rabbit-like creatures that only speak by humming, live on the Moon. One of its residents, Namingway, came to live on the Blue Planet.
- Gaia Online's evolving item Hermes' Moon uses this myth as a basis for its various poses.
- Grimms Notes features two moon rabbit warriors as boss characters, black and white respectively.
- Gun Nac has the moon for its first stage. Naturally, the enemies are dominantly rabbits, complete with a giant rabbit mecha stage boss that shoots carrot missiles.
- In Kingdom Hearts: 358/2 Days, one of the members of Organization XIII, Saïx, whose attribute is moon, has a Joke Weapon based off of the myth: a claymore with a rocket-ship and moon design that "expands" into a blade shaped like a rabbit head when he gets angry.
- The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past has the moon pearl, which prevents Link from being turned into a bunny in the Dark World.
- Being a Korean MMORPG, MapleStory has the bunny-pounding-rice-cake variant. Except that the bunnies are not always on the moon.
- One of the bosses in Mega Man Zero 3 is Childre Inhareita, a rabbit like Reploid based of the idea of the Moon Rabbit.
- In Mega Man Star Force, Luna Platz's Mega Twintails are supposed to resemble bunny ears, in a nod to the legend. The third game further references this by giving her a Wizard that looks like a rabbit in a hat.
- In the Mr. Driller series, Unlockable charater Usagi is a rabbit alien from the moon.
- Moon Rabbit Gyokuto is the thunder-elemental guardian spirit of the kunoichi Okatsu in Nioh.
- The Rabbit spirit of the Eastern Zodiac gives Amaterasu powers over the moon, and is first seen pounding rice cakes, with Ammy kneading the pounded rice between thumps.
- Kaguya, who is originally from the moon, has green rabbit ears — or at least they look an awful lot like rabbit ears.
- Ōkamiden has a Humongous Mecha in the shape of a rabbit, built by, you guessed it, the Moon Tribe.
- Gokujyou Parodius is a Shoot 'em Up with a moon bunny level. Complete with dodging mallets and that Asian lady... with a twist.
- Used in Persona 4 Golden and Persona 4 Arena Ultimax, in which Kaguyanote curiously has rabbit ears. This is because her design combines elements of the moon rabbit with the character Kaguya-hime from the famous Japanese folk story, The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter, who later is revealed to belong to a group of celestial beings that live on the moon.
- In Phantasy Star Zero, NPC Newman costumes and nearly every possible PC Newman costume have a distinct "bunny" motif, with long ear-like projections on the headgear or similar. Just guess where they've been hiding out since The End of the World as We Know It.
- The Pokémon Umbreon is based upon the legends of the moon rabbit. Its evolutionary relative, Sylveon, also has rabbit-like features and learns moon based moves.
- In Punishing: Gray Raven, Karenina's Radiant Dawn frame has multiple references to the legend: her weapon is a hammmer, her ideal support unit is a robot rabbit, and her story has her use this frame in order to go to the Moon.
- Rabbids Go Home features a group of psychotic bunnies trying to "go home," which they have decided is on the moon. This game, however, is made in France and the developers haven't said whether or not the legends inspired them, so this may or may not have been an accidental reference.
- The Japan-only Game Boy Advance installment of Rhythm Heaven features a minigame, "Bunny Hop", involving a rabbit hopping on sea animals so it can jump to the moon. At the end of the minigame, it successfully makes it to the moon, which shows a picture of a rabbit with a mortar and pestle when it makes contact. This later appeared in Rhythm Heaven Megamix for the 3DS, which was available worldwide.
- Super Mario Bros.:
- When you Ace Loran Cehack in Third Super Robot Wars Z: Tengoku-hen, AG gives him a bunny girl costume, saying that it's perfect attire for a member of the Moonrace, referencing the moon rabbit folklore. Loran insists that he's a bloke but AG goes "oh yeah? but I heard about the Laura thing"
- Touhou Project depicts moon rabbits as a Little Bit Beastly race of servitors to the Lunarian people. Most of them are slackers with no love for any Lunarian but Chang'e, and their minor telepathic abilities make them notorious for Gossip Evolution (they not only believe that Earthlings are aware of the Lunar Capital's existence, but that hundreds of rabbits have died fighting off Earth invaders). The most prominent moon rabbit in the series is Reisen Udongein Inaba, a runaway from the Lunar Defense Corps who has since tried to integrate herself into Earth's youkai rabbit population. Touhou Kanjuden ~ Legacy of Lunatic Kingdom introduces additional moon rabbits named Seiran and Ringo respectively, both of whom are former colleagues of Reisen in the same corps, and who follow in her footsteps by staying on Earth after the story's done.
- Tsuki Adventure: The main character is a rabbit, and his name, Tsuki, means "moon" in Japanese. There's also a subscription service called Club Moon.
- While Umineko: When They Cry's Chiesters are modeled after Playboy Bunnies rather than this trope, their Leitmotif is called "Dance of the Moon Rabbit".
- In Virtue's Last Reward, the AI called Zero III which addresses the characters during the game takes the form of a rabbit and the Nonary Game takes place on the moon. Zero III's original name, Lagomorph is a direct reference to hares/rabbits.
- Sakuna Of Rice And Ruin: Moonlit Stone is a Rare Random Drop from rabbits.
- Gunnerkrigg Court: In chapter 34, which deals with short stories from supporting characters, Chang'E visits the court with her rabbit to discuss the mysterious fingerprint shape that appeared on the moon in a prior chapter.
- As The Perry Bible Fellowship notes, that would have to be a very large rabbit.
- One episode of BoJack Horseman shows via a background photograph that one of the astronauts on the Moon in the Apollo 11 landing was a rabbit in this universe.
- In the Looney Tunes short Haredevil Hare (1948) Bugs Bunny gets sent to the moon on a rocket.
Bugs Bunny: No, no, don't leave. There's a beautiful Earth out tonight.
- A possibly accidental version happens in The Paz Show where an Imagine Spot has a Moon Rabbit and a Moon Dog in a fight with each other, causing the Moon to split (which caused the half-moon phase).
- Another possibly accidental reference: in the Phineas and Ferb episode "Out to Launch," Dr. Doofenshmirtz's evil scheme is to make shadow puppets on the moon. The only one he is shown making is a rabbit.
- Ready Jet Go!: In the episode "Moon Face", Mindy sees a face on the moon. This prompts Sydney to briefly mention the old Chinese legend about a moon rabbit.
- As an aside, during the moon landing, one of the requests to the astronauts was for them to keep an eye out for a beautiful Chinese lady and her giant rabbit, leading to the following exchange:
Ron Evans: Among the large headlines concerning Apollo this morning, is one asking that you watch for a lovely girl with a big rabbit. An ancient legend says a beautiful Chinese girl called Chang-O has been living there for 4,000 years. It seems she was banished to the Moon because she stole the pill of immortality from her husband. You might also look for her companion, a large Chinese rabbit, who is easy to spot since he is always standing on his hind feet in the shade of a cinnamon tree. The name of the rabbit is not reported.
Michael Collins: Okay. We'll keep a close eye out for the bunny girl.
- China had launched 2 lunar satelites named Chang'e by 2014 and the second one landed a rover, Jade Rabbit 1.