The two men who "take care" of Bart while he is in France are named César and Ugolin, the male leads from Jean Le Florette and Manon des Sources.
The foreign exchange kid is named after former Albanian leader Elver Hoxha.
The road to the chateau includes scenes depicted in several famous paintings, notably Bassin aux nymphéas by Claude Monet, Champ de blé aux corbeaux by Vincent van Gogh, Le rêve by Henri Rousseau and Déjeuner sur l'herbe by Édouard Manet.
Maggie has a red balloon, a reference to the classic French children's film Le Ballon Rouge.
The "Day the Laughter Died" title on the newscast references both "The Day the Music Died" and a then-recent Andrew Dice Clay album of the same name.
Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!: When Sideshow Bob is arrested, he admits his crime and that he intended to frame Krusty, exclaiming, "I would have gotten away with it, too, if it weren't for You Meddling Kids," referring to the common ending line of most episodes where the Mystery Inc. kids foil criminal activity.
The title refers to a Republican Party circular used to promote Herbert Hoover in 1928 that promised "a chicken in every pot and a car in every backyard (not garage)."
The "Blinky" campaign ad parallels Richard Nixon's "Checkers speech" in the 1952 campaign. The ad also features an actor portraying Charles Darwin to claim the three-eyed fish is a result of evolution.
The clip of Burns driving a tank was lifted from Michael Dukakis' presidential campaign in 1988.
A 1992 re-run of the episode remade the "chalkboard gag" to mock then-VP Dan Quayle's "potatoe fayle".
Part of Homer's routine resembles that of legendary Baltimore Orioles fan Wild Bill Hagy.
Homer dances to the tune of the "Baby Elephant Walk".
Homer's line, "Today, as I leave for Capital City, I consider myself the luckiest mascot on the face of the earth" that he says in his farewell speech to the Springfield fans, is a reference to Lou Gehrig's farewell speech, immortalized in the 1942 baseball film The Pride of the Yankees.
"Capitol City" is a parody of "New York, New York".
Doctor Hibbert is a clear parody of Cliff Huxtable. The show ran against The Cosby Show at the time. He was initially to be a woman named Julia, a reference to comic actress Julia Sweeney (then called Hibbert through marriage).
There's a lot of patients that attempted to imitate TV and movie characters like Superman. There's also a separate "three stooges" ward.
The Radioactive Man film serial is a reference to The Adventures of Superman, with a mention to the mysterious death of George Reeves as well as that of Bob Crane. The Laramie advertising is a reference to The Flintstones pitching for Winston cigarettes in its early seasons.
The USA Todaynewspaper appears at the beginning of the episode.
Like Father Like Clown
The plot is based on The Jazz Singer. Rabbi Krustofsky indirectly references it at one point.
Homer is surprised to learn that Mel Brooks is Jewish.
Krusty sings "O Mein Papa" when he is reunited with his father.
Treehouse of Horror II
Lisa's nightmare ("The Monkey's Paw") is based on the short story of the same name and an episode of the 1980s Twilight Zone.
Bart's nightmare ("The Boy") is based on an episode of the original Twilight Zone called "It's a Good Life'', later adapted into a segment of the 1983 movie which marked Nancy Cartwright's film debut.
Homer's nightmare ("If I Only Had A Brain"), apart from being based on Frankenstein, appears to reference a scene from RoboCop 2 in which a man's brain is removed from his body and his cranium is cut right off with a bonesaw. This also happens to Homer except his cranium is disposed of carelessly, making a hilarious china-bowl noise as it hits the ground.
Lisa's discovering of her pony is a reference to The Godfather's "horse head scene".
Homer's dream is drawn in the style of Little Nemo in Slumberland.
Grandpa plays a video game that's an obvious homage to Asteroids.
A Farrah Fawcett poster hangs on Barney's apartment.
The episode parallels similar "falling-in-a-well" incidents that ended in tragedy, most particularly that of Jessica MacClure, whose case had been covered in Radio Days. Whether the episode's title is a reference or not to the film is unknown.
The song "We're Sending Our Love Down The Well" is a parody of "We Are the World".
Lisa the Greek
The title and the character "Smooth" Jimmy Apollo are references to Jimmy the Greek.
Duff Bowl was a reference to the series of Bud Bowl "games" that would play during the Super Bowl at the time.
The title and Homer's scream is a nod to Home Alone.
Lisa mentions Michael Jackson and Dustin Hoffman appearing in the movie, being credited with pseudonyms. In "Stark Raving Dad", Jackson was billed as "John Jay Smith" while Hoffman was credited as "Sam Etic" in "Lisa's Substitute".
Marge Gets a Job
The retirement party at the beginning is a reference to Citizen Kane.
"The Imperial March (Darth Vader's theme)" from Star Wars is played when Mr. Burns peruses his surveillance system.
There's a photo of Burns and Elvis Presley that looks like the Elvis-Nixon photograph.
A subplot centering on Bart parallels The Boy Who Cried Wolf.
There are some references to Disneyland: The "Duff Beer For Me" show is a parody of It's a Small World, while the Main Street Parade is spoofed as well.
Inverted: the Bouvier family iguana being called "Jub-Jub" looks like a reference to "The Jabberwocky" ('the Jub-Jub Bird') or to "The Hunting of the Snark", but Word of God says that it was just a random phrase coined by the writer, Conan O'Brien.
The end credits of Little Barbershop of Horrors parody the end credits of many TV shows produced by Stephen J. Cannell, here placing Itchy and Scratchy at the desk in Cannell's place. (Cannell himself commented on the episode positively to writer Mike Reiss later.)
The "Itchy & Scratchy" segment is a parody of JFK, whose director Oliver Stone is credited as "guest director".
The Blue-Haired Lawyer uses the "Zapruder film" to incriminate Marge.
Krusty Gets Kancelled.
Gabbo was named after the dummy in the 1929 film The Great Gabbo and was modeled after Howdy Doody.
The "Worker and Parasite" cartoon is a parody of the early 1960s Tom and Jerry cartoons, produced in Prague.
There are some references to Johnny Carson and The Tonight Show: Krusty mentions having beat Joey Bishop, who briefly competed with Carson, while Bette Midler sings Krusty "Wind Beneath My Wings" as in the penultimate episode of Carson's Tonight Show.
Krusty's comeback special was based on Elvis 68.
Krusty's suggestions to the Red Hot Chilli Peppers about their act mirror the "Light My Fire incident" between The Doors and Ed Sullivan. Sullivan is mentioned by Bart in a previous scene.
As with Side Show Bob, Skinner's prisoner number in Vietnam was 24601.
Many of the Be-Sharps' points of popularity parallel The Beatles.
In the 1980s, Moe's Tavern was called Moe's Cavern, a nod to The Cavern Club where the Beatles got their start.
Barney replacing Chief Wiggum is a reference to Pete Best getting replaced by Ringo Starr.
Bart asking if the Be-Sharps screwed up like the Beatles and said they were Bigger Than Jesus is a nod to John Lennon's infamous quote. Homer then show's him a record called "Bigger Than Jesus" with the Be-Sharps walking on water a la the cover to Abbey Road.
The finale of the Be-Sharps reuniting to sing atop Moe's Tavern is a reference to the Beatles singing on top of the Apple building.
Chief Wiggum watches The Tonight Show with Johnny Carson and The Late Show with Joan Rivers.
A demon mentions that "James Coco went mad in fifteen minutes" of the donuts torture. Coco was a portly character actor of the 1970s. The force-feeding gag is a reference to the 1937 Merrie Melodies cartoon "Pigs Is Pigs".
Among those in the jury at Homer's trial are Benedict Arnold, John Wilkes Booth and the starting line of the 1976 Philadelphia Flyers.
Homer is afraid of the "Dogs Playing Poker" portraits.
Marge reminds Homer his lifelong dream was not being a croupier, but to appear in The Gong Show.
Burns behaves a lot like Howard Hughes in his last years as a Las Vegas magnate. His "Spruce Goose"/Hercules aircraft is parodied with Burns' incredibly tiny "Spruce Moose" (which is not a model, according to Burns).
Robert Goulet sings "Jingle Bells" with Batman-inspired lyrics.
Homer the Vigilante
Homer's daydream is a nod to Dr. Strangelove.
Malloy is based on "Raffles", a suave burglar portrayed on the eponymous 1939 film by David Niven.
The exchange between Homer and Skinner at the museum is a spoof of Dragnet, with its iconic theme included.
The first part of a story Bart being told he was the winner of an elephant, but then asked if he wants a $10,000 cash substitute parallels a similar situation that happened on the 1950s version of The Price Is Right, where a contestant was shown an elephant, offered $4,000 and then insisted that they make good on the elephant prize. In both cases, legal threats arose and those in charge complied with the contestants' wishes.
The Springfield Tar Pits resemble the La Brea Tar Pits
Birch Barlow is a parody of radio host Rush Limbaugh. His name is also likely a reference to the ultraconservative John Birch Society (named for a U.S. Army captain killed by Communist soldiers in China shortly after the end of World War II).
Grampa asks the mayor (and later Bob) to name the expressway he promises after Matlock.
The mayoral debate between Bob and Quimby is a parody of the Kennedy-Nixon debate in 1960.
Bart gets The Flintstones talking phone in kindergarten. Henry Corden even voices Fred's recording.
The Archie comics gang (Archie, Reggie, Jughead and Moose) dump Homer out of their car, with the warning: "Duh, stay out of Riverdale!"
Among those who "voted" for Bob are Buddy Holly, Richie Valens and the Big Bopper, who died in a plane crash in 1959.
Chief Wiggum falls asleep while looking over some of the evidence from shooting, and ends up dreaming of a place similar to The Black Lodge in Twin Peaks, with a backwards-talking Lisa standing in for The Man From Another Place.
There are some references to The Beatles in the final act:
Apu met Paul McCartney when he traveled to India. Apu was then billed as the "fifth Beatle".
Paul mentions that there's a recipe for lentil soup when playing "Maybe I'm Amazed" backwards. An special version of the song was made to have this, as well as the line "And by the way, I'm alive", referring to the "Paul is dead" urban legend.
Treehouse of Horror VI
The title of "Attack of the 50-Foot Eyesores" is a reference to Attack of the 50 Foot Woman.
The second segment ("Nightmare on Evergreen Terrace") is a parody of the Elm St. movies, while Bart's dream at the beginning resembles a cartoon from the 1940s.
King Size Homer
Some of the mannequins on the clothing store resemble the McCrory brothers who became known for their photo while riding motorbikes.
Grampa is watching Super Bowl III in the flashback.
Maggie dances with some slogans painted on in a parody of Laugh-In.
Burns in the tank mirrors Michael Dukakis' tank incident in 1988.
Mona and Lisa play Bob Dylan's "Blowin' in the Wind".
Sideshow Bob's Last Gleaming
The episode parodies the 1960s-era obsession with nuclear war, including films such as Dr. Strangelove and the "Daisy ad" from the 1964 elections.
One of the guests on Krusty's Christmas special is a parody of Brazilian singer/TV host Xuxa, with Krusty struggling to pronounce her name. The other is "respected private citizen Tom Landry" (the joke being that Landry was dismissed as the head coach of the Dallas Cowboys six years before this episode, was retired by that point, and was an unlikely choice for a variety special anyway).
The Ogdenville TV store features Panaphonics, Magnetbox and Sorny sets. Bart points out they are imitations.
Burns drives a 1900s-era car and wears am Edwardian "driver gear".
Bart the Fink
The title is a pun on Barton Fink.
Lisa the Iconoclast
Kearney is old enough to remember Watergate and the American Bicentennial.
Gilbert Stuart's unfinished portrait of George Washington plays an important role on uncovering Jebediah.
Homer the Smithers
Marge is surprised to see Homer up at 4.30 AM, when The Little Rascals is not on until 6.
The Day the Violence Died
"Itchy, the Lucky Mouse" is a reference to Oswald the Lucky Rabbit, while his short "Manhattan Madness" is a parody of silent cartoons such as Felix in Hollywood. The relationship between Chester Lampwick and Roger Myers, Sr. mirrors that of Pat Sullivan and Otto Messmer, who made the Felix the Cat cartoons.
The 1970s Itchy & Scratchy film is a parody of Fritz the Cat.
Among those credited on "Steamboat Itchy" are composer George Gershwin and John F. Kennedy's father Joseph, who was a producer in the 1920s.
The "Amendment to Be" cartoon is a parody of Schoolhouse Rock.
Lester and Eliza are based on the Tracey Ullman-era designs of Bart and Lisa.
Roy saying he's moving in with "two sexy ladies" seems like a nod to Three's Company.
John's antiques shop has a TV Guide from around 1975 featuring Laverne & Shirley on the cover.
There are some campaign pins such as "I Like Ike" and the fictitious "Quayle Can't Fayle"note Referencing the former VP's "potato incident" and "I Fell For Dole"note Citing the 1996 GOP candidate's tendency to trip.
Bart dances to "The Shoop Shoop Song" with a bouffant wig like the ones in Hairspray (1988).
Brother From Another Series
Frasier is a hit show on the NBC Television network.
My Sister, My Sitter
"Planet Hype" is a parody of Planet Hollywood.
Lisa carrying Bart in a wheelbarrow is a reference to My Left Foot.
Homer vs. The 18th Amendment
The plot spoofs both Prohibition and The Untouchables.
Detective Banner sits at a diner in a scene reminiscent of Nighthawks.
Grade School Confidential
The title is a spoof of High School Confidential.
Skinner handing Bart a letter for Edna parodies the opening of For Your Eyes Only.
The Canine Mutiny
The title is as much a pun on The Caine Mutiny as Laddie is a parody of a certain dog.
Mr. Mitchell thinks his dead parrot is still alive.
The Old Man and the Lisa
When Mr. Burns tells Smithers that he is going to get that girl to help him and the following scenes with Lisa are a parody of the intro from That Girl.
Lisa telling the townspeople recycling is evil is a parody of the endings of Soylent Green and Invasion of the Body Snatchers (1956).
In Marge We Trust
The commercial for "Mr. Sparkle" is a parody of Japanese commercials.
The Reverend paraphrases a quote from Charge of the Light Brigade when retelling his standoff with the baboons.
Grimes is a parody of the protagonist of Falling Down.
Grimes' rampage is an homage to Modern Times.
The Simpsons Spinoff Showcase
"Chief Wiggum, P.I." parodies elements from 1980s-era cop shows, such as Magnum, P.I. and Miami Vice.
The "Love-Matic Grampa" is a parody of My Mother, The Car and Knight Rider.
The "Simpson Family Smile-Time Variety Hour" is a parody of 1970s-era variety shows like The Brady Bunch Variety Hour (including the noticeable recast of a character), Sonny and Cher (the show's logo with Homer and Marge) and Laugh-In (the short sketches).
Homer and Marge sing a version of "Those Were the Days" from All in the Family. The narrator then notes The Simpsons is filmed in front of a live studio audience.
Bart watches The WB with Michigan J. Frog presenting "another bad show that no one will see".
A biopic about Krusty shows him in a failed marriage to Mia Farrow... and a lot of adopted children.
Homer watches Twin Peaks in 1990, being clueless to what's going on.
The episode ends with Lisa playing "Baker Street" on her sax.
Treehouse of Horror VIII
"The Homega Man" is a parody of The Omega Man.
"Fly vs. Fly" is a parody of The Fly (both the 1958 and 1986 versions) and its title references the cartoon Spy v. Spy.
The third segment is a spoof of the Salem witch hunts (even though none of the alleged witches were actually burned).
The Cartridge Family
The title spoofs The Partridge Family.
The Continental Soccer Association ad opens with a parody of Hank Williams Jr. and his performances in the opening segment of Monday Night Football (saying "Open wide for some soccer!" instead of "Are you ready for some football?").
The theme from the TV show The Avengers plays at the end.
The title references NFL player Bart Starr.
Lenny in the 1970s says Homer is "dy-no-mite" at gymnastics and sports a T-shirt with the Fonz's catchphrase "Sit on it".
The Two Mrs. Nahasapeemapetilons
Apu's bouffant-style hairdo resembles the "Rachel" haircut.
Apu also dresses like John Travolta in Saturday Night Fever when dancing at the disco.
Manjula's favorite food is "Fried Green Tomatoes".
Lisa the Skeptic
The craze fueled by the "angel" is similar to the one surrounding the "Cardiff giant" hoax.
Some police departments have done "fake giveaways" to nab law offenders.
The title is a parody of Reality Bites.
The episode spoofs Glengarry Glen Ross, Gil being based on Jack Lemmon's character in the film.
Miracle on Evergreen Terrace
The title is a reference to Miracle on 34th Street.
"Don't Go There" is a parody of 1990s sitcoms, particularly Friends.
"The Bloodening" is a spoof of "Village of the Damned".
There is a passing reference to Our Gang/Little Rascals when the kids plot their zany scheme.
Sunday, Cruddy Sunday
The title is a pun on Sunday, Bloody Sunday.
The "pipsqueak" trying to get onto the bus is Rudy.
"Euro-Dollywood" is a parody of Euro-Disneyland.
Homer to the Max
The mid-season countdown is a parody of FOX's promotions.
The "Police Cops" show has a distinct Miami Vice feel.
Homer sings about his new name to the tune of "(Theme from) Goldfinger".
I'm With Cupid
The title is a pun on the famous phrase "I'm With Stupid".
Elton John plays "Your Song" to Apu and Manjula at the end of the episode.
Marge Simpson in "Screaming Yellow Honkers"
The title spoofs the candy Screaming Yellow Zonkers.
The school show has the teachers singing "Fame", Krabappel performing "Fever" (to the audience's visible queasiness) and Skinner and Chalmers doing a "Who's On First?" routine that ends awfully wrong.
Wiggum calls Marge "Thelma" and "Louise" upon arresting her for reckless driving.
Like in The Gods Must Be Crazy, a rhino instinctively stomps out a fire.
Make Room For Lisa
The title parodies Make Room For Daddy.
When "In the Mood" plays on the radio, Homer thinks it's 1939. Lenny and Carl then "return" him to the present with "Safety Dance" by Men Without Hats, or "Men Without Jobs" according to Bill and Marty.
Among the exhibits at the Smithsonian are Fonzie's jacket, Archie Bunker's armchair, and Howdy Doody (oh, there's also the Bill of Rights).
Lisa's favorite movie is The Little Mermaid. Too bad Homer taped it over.
Homer likens now roomies Bart and Lisa to The Odd Couple and the Mertzes.
The title is a pun n Maximum Overdrive.
Tony Randall is the only other besides Red to have finished the meat-eating challenge.
The drawing on Red's truck features Tex Avery's Red Riding Hood and the Wolf.
The tune playing in the doorbell is "Close to You" by the Carpenters, Homer and Marge's song.
"Señor Ding-Dong" acts like Zorro.
Simpsons Bible Stories
The episode features stories based on the Old Testament.
Marge's dream is about Adam and Eve in the Garden of Eden.
Lisa's dream is about Moses and the Ten Commandments.
Homer's dream is about King Solomon.
Bart's dream is about David and Goliath.
The one story of the New Testament is the "four horsemen of the Apocalypse".
Mom & Pop Art
The title is a take-off on the term "pop art".
Homer decides to flood the town to look like Venice.
Ned thinks the flood is a second version of the one in "Noah's Ark".
The "tomacco" montage is a reference to Green Aces.
Hello Gutter, Hello Fadder
Homer appears in a parody of The Hollywood Squares. Needless to say, he makes a fool of himself.
The title is a parody of Cole Porter's Ain't Misbehavin'.
Take My Wife, Sleaze
The 50s-themed diner referenced a fad from the 1980s/early 90s. Too bad the owner didn't realize it was now 1999note Rockabilly themes would eventually come back into vogue not long after the episode aired.
Gravey and Jobriath is an extremist parody of Davey and Goliath, with Gravey planning to attack Planned Parenthood. The name Jobriath comes from an American Glam Rock singer who released a couple albums in The '70s and gained a cult following.
An old Itchy & Scratchy cartoon parodies From Here to Eternity and features an ad for Laramie cigarettes, alluding to the fact The Flintstones were initially sponsored by Winston cigarettes. The butler seems to be a parody of Rochester, the valet on The Jack Benny Program, which for years was sponsored by Lucky Strike.
I.P.O. Fridays is a pun on the restaurant T.G.I. Fridays.
At the library, Homer has read books from Hop on Pop to Death Be Not Proud.
The title is a parody of Pokemon.
At the end, Wiggum asks Jack if he has ever seen Oz, Sex and the City or The Sopranos. Jack replies that he only gets basic cable at jailnote The late 90s/early 2000s being a transition point for "premium" cable to jump into the mainstream.
Worst Episode Ever
Homer recalls the time he was booted out from a Gallagher show.
Tennis the Menace
The title is a pun on Dennis the Menace.
Day of the Jackanapes
The title is a lampoon on Day of the Jackal.
Krusty admits he taped Judge Judy over his old shows, leading Sideshow Bob to plot his revenge.
Krusty also appeared on Laugh-in, although he said some "innuendo" and got banned from the networks for over 20 years.
New Kids on the Blecch
The title is a pun on New Kids on the Block, while the episode spoofs the "boy band" craze of the late 90s/early 00s as well as allegations of subliminal messaging on popular songs.
Lieutenant L.T. Smash tells Lisa that pop stars have been used to encourage conscription since Elvis, also including The Beatles (in their Sgt. Pepper garb), The Captain and Tennille and Kiss.
Ang Lee is credited as the director of the Party Posse's "Drop Da Bomb" video.
Hungry Hungry Homer
Blockos are a parody of Legos.
Bye Bye Nerdie
The title is a parody of Bye-Bye, Birdie.
The title might be a reference to The Beach Boys song "Surfing Safari".
The Baha Men make a cameo singing "Who Left the Milk Out?" and "Who Let Her Jugs Out?", parodies of their hit "Who Let the Dogs Out?".
Bart and Milhouse watch the '60's Batman show, complete with Adam West and Burt Ward, also featuring Krusty in a Joker-style guest role. Bart mentions that Krusty also had a recurring role on Bewitched.
When Bart's stunt makes the flag fall, the WWII vets attempt to put it into place a la Iwo-Jima, only for the stunt to make them fall as well.
The scene where Homer circles the roundabout in front of Buckingham Palace parodies a similar scene in National Lampoon's European Vacation.
The Fat & The Furriest
Today I Am a Clown
'Tis the 15th Season
The title is a pun on the Christmas song Tis the Season to be Jolly.
Homer watches Mr. Magrew's Christmas Carol, an obvious pun on Mr. Magoo and A Christmas Carol, several other takes on the latter are briefly shown, including a Star Trek version.
Marge vs. Singles, Seniors, Childless Couples, Teens and Gays
Roofi is an obvious parody of Raffi.
The scene of the babies attending the Roofi concert greatly resembles Woodstock.
The kids watching in horror as the "R" in the "Toys R Us" sign is turned frontward, especially Milhouse's expression, is a reference to the famous photograph taken during the Nazi occupation of France.
The scene of the Itchy & Scratchy statue being taken down with a tank parodies the destruction of the statue of Saddam Hussein during the 2003 invasion of Iraq.
The scene where the kids make the childless people love children (either that, or making them sick as with Moe) by touching them parodies the ending to The War of the Worlds.
Lisa: For all their disposable income, for all their leisure time, they had no immunity against God's lowliest creatures: children.
The title is a pun on the Nursery Rhyme Simple Simon.
Marge kisses Homer as Pie-Man while he is hanging upside-down just like Mary-Jane does to Peter Parker in Spider-Man.
The Way We Weren't
The title is a pun on The Way We Were.
The title is a pun on Star-Spangled Banner.
The title is a pun on Broadcast News.
All's Fair in Oven War
Sleeping With the Enemy
She Used to be My Girl
In The Stinger, Lisa is praying to Buhda, Jesus, and SpongeBob SquarePants. When Buhda thinks that they should help, SpongeBob just says "Screw Her!" and laughs maniacally instead of doing his famous "Dyeyeyeyeyeye!!!" laugh.
The Angelica Button books are a parody of the Harry Potter books.
Bart and Nelson's walk through Springfield Elementary is a direct parody of the scene from "Goodfellas", where Henry Hill escorts his date Karen through a nightclub. Both scenes even feature a song by The Crystals, only using "Then He Kissed Me" in the original and "He's A Rebel" in the homage.
Nelson breaks his camera in frustration and yells "Look what you made me do!", much like Annie Wilkes in Misery.
The scene of Angelica Button trapped in a giant hourglass resembles the climax of Aladdin.
In Homer's revised book ending, Wizard Greystache fights like Popeye.
Bart's ordeal references the public shaming of Bill Buckner and Steve Bartman for their baseball-related mistakes. Bartman would be referenced again when Homer (complete with jersey and headphones) catches one of the balls Bart was supposed to catch.
Jimbo, Dolph and Kearney sing an anti-Bart rendition of "Love Stinks" by The J. Geils Band.
At one point, Bart gets hit by a baseball and all his clothes fly off, much like Charlie Brown from Peanuts.
The voice and appearance of the baseball announcer are modeled after Vin Scully, the voice of the Los Angeles Dodgers.
The phrase "The Isotots lose the pennant!" is based on the phrase "The Giants win the pennant!" when the New York Giants win the 1951 National League pennant.
The theme that plays when Bart watches the all fly through the air is based on the score from Rudy.
Ludacris' video Menace Tooth Society, as well as Lisa's reaction, parodies Menace II Society. The "gum disease" monster references Hardcore Hip Hop trio Naughty By Nature and their 1991 Signature Song by declaring "I'm down with O.P.P.—ongoing periodontal problems."
Matt Groening has been cryptic about whether Homer is deliberately named after the character of Homer Simpson in Nathanael West's 1939 novel The Day of the Locust, but the series still has fun lampshading the connection when Homer is rescuing Dan Gillick from a swarm of grasshoppers:
Homer: I never thought Homer Simpson would be a part of the Day of the Locust!
In the scene just prior to Homer taking the Duffman oath, a video briefly plays of a Duff-themed Game of Thrones opening, complete with music. Homer lampshades the absurdity of the situation with "Seems awfully overproduced".
Friend With Benefit
In place of a Couch Gag, the episode starts with a parody of the Disney short film Feast called Fat with Santa's Little Helper in place of Winston. It's a Surprisingly Realistic Outcome version of the story where Santa's Little Helper becomes morbidly obese because of all the table scraps and other people food he's being fed.
The Cad and the Hat
In the episode's Couch Gag, the family notices their sailboat painting has gone missing, and Bart says "maybe another animated show stole it?". Cue Homer walking through the animated sets of South Park and The California Raisins to look for the painting before finding it in the Robot Chicken Nerd's room.
Bart tries to distract the attention in "The Boy Who Knew Too Much" by quickly taking a newspaper: "Hey, look at this: Charlie Brown says "Good Grief". Hahaha, I didn't see THAT one coming."
The end of "Treehouse Of Horror IV" has the family mimic the end of the Peanuts Christmas specials, complete with Milhouse playing piano à la Schroeder and Santa's Little Helper doing the Snoopy dance.
In "Miracle On Evergreen Terrace" The old folks in Springfields' rest home dance just like the children in A Charlie Brown Christmas.
Homer makes a Snoopy puzzle in "Burns Baby Burns".
Santa's Little Helper imitates Snoopy in his Red Baron outfit in "The Seven-Beer Snitch" and again in the title sequence of "The Scorpion's Tale". He dances like him in the couch gag of "The Computer Wore Menace Shoes".
Homer is seen sleeping on the dog kennel in "Hungry Hungry Homer" while Bart says: Good grief!
In "Treehouse Of Horror XIV" Bart and Lisa dress up like Charlie Brown and Lucy for Halloween.
Bart is knocked upside down during a baseball match in "The Boys of Bummer", much like Charlie Brown used to suffer.