South Pacific is a musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein, originally produced in 1949. It was nominated for ten Tony awards, and won all of them, including the second ever Tony for Best Musical. South Pacific is also the only musical to win Best Production, Best Direction, and all four acting awards at one time.
Nellie Forbush is a Navy nurse from Arkansas serving in the South Pacific during World War II. She has met a local French plantation owner named Emile de Becque. Lieutenant Joe Cable arrives on the island to take part in a spy mission.
Cable tries to get Emile to agree to be his guide for the mission, but Emile will have none of it. Bloody Mary introduces Cable to a beautiful Tonkinese girl named Liat. Cable is enamored, but is shocked to discover that she is Bloody Mary's daughter. Nellie also makes a discovery about Emile that forces her to face her deep-seated racial prejudices.
The show has many well known numbers, including "Some Enchanted Evening," "I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outta My Hair," "Younger Than Springtime," "Nothing Like a Dame," "Honey Bun," and "Wonderful Guy."
The musical received a film adaptation in 1958, starring Mitzi Gaynor as Nellie and Rossano Brazzi as Emile. It made more money than any other movie of the year.
This musical provides examples of:
- All Musicals Are Adaptations: Weaves together two separate stories from James A. Michener's Tales of the South Pacific.
- Anguished Declaration of Love: Emile, when Nellie is leaving him.
- Beta Couple: Cable and Liat is a rare tragic example.
- Bittersweet Ending: So, Nellie puts aside her racial prejudices because she loves Emile and his children, but Cable is killed and leaves Liat and Bloody Mary in limbo, since Liat refuses to marry anyone else...
- Bookends: "Dites-Moi" starts and ends the show.
- Chivalrous Pervert: Multiple; whatever they may say or fantasize among themselves, the sailors are completely respectful to the nurses. Luther is the most fleshed-out example: he's very interested in "the women who dance with just skirts on!", yet he stops Emile from talking to Nellie because he thinks Emile hurt her, when Nellie tells him how wonderful he is for giving her flowers he admits they aren't from him, and when she emotionally opens the note from Emile he says he'll be around if she needs him.
- Crowd Song: "Bloody Mary," "Nothing Like a Dame," and "I'm Gonna Wash That Man Right Outta My Hair."
- Death by Adaptation: In the musical, Joe Cable is killed off. In the original Michener short story, he abandons his lover, his love unable to overcome his racism.
- Everyone Looks Sexier If French / Everything Sounds Sexier in French: Emile, depending on the actor in question.
- Fourth Date Marriage: Nellie and Emile, who have only known each other for a "few short weeks" but are then engaged. Even when they reunite and reconcile at the end of the story, they've still only known each other a few months at most.
- Funny Foreigner: Bloody Mary.
- Gung Holier Than Thou: Joe has traces of this.
- Have a Gay Old Time: Joe sings to Liat that he's "gayer than laughter" when he's with her.
- Holding Hands: The Broadway version and movie end with Nellie and Emile grabbing each other's hands underneath the table while the children have lunch.
- I Can't Believe a Guy Like You Would Notice Me: Emile and Nellie in "Twin Soliloquies". Nellie worries that a "cultured Frenchman" can't really be interested in her, a "little hick", while Emile worries that, surrounded by "younger men than I, officers and doctors," she won't choose to be with him.
- Love at First Sight: Nellie and Emile (see "Some Enchanted Evening").
- Love Redeems: Nellie eventually allows her love for Emile to overpower any negative feelings she had regarding his bi-racial previous marriage.
- MayDecember Romance: Nellie and Emile. Averted in some modern productions which age up Nellie to make her the same age (or almost) as Emile.
- Mood Whiplash: At the beginning of Act II, Bloody Mary and Liat entertain Joe Cable with "Happy Talk" in attempt to get him to fall for Liat. However, he turns down the opportunity to marry her afterward, causing Bloody Mary to aggressively end their romance.
- My Girl Back Home: Trope Namer and subversion. In this case he sings this song before cheating on his "girl back home."
- Pep-Talk Song: "Happy Talk:"Happy talk, keep talkin' happy talk,
Talk about things you'd like to do.
You got to have a dream,
If you don't have a dream
How you gonna have a dream come true?
- Sexy Discretion Shot: It's not all that discreet, considering that they're both half undressed, but the stage still fades to black as Joe and Liat embrace and fall to the floor.
- Sympathetic Murder Backstory: De Becque had to flee his homeland because he killed a man in a Bar Brawl. But it's okay because the victim was a bully!
- Well, that and the guy was trying to kill him. And the actual death was an accident (so more like sympathetic manslaughter backstory).
The film adaptation provides examples of:
- Adaptation Expansion: The Collector's Edition DVD boasts that it might be Rodgers and Hammerstein's only movie to run longer than the play that inspired it.
- Bowdlerise: In the play, Bloody Mary calls men "stingy bastards" after they turn down her offers. The movie changes this phrase to "stingy stinker."
- Epic Movie: Filmed on location in Hawaii, the movie beat Vertigo and Gigi to become the #1 film of 1958. However, several Rodgers and Hammerstein fans regard it as the weakest film adaptation due to garish Mood Lighting (achieved through color filters) and poor pacing.
- Feet-First Introduction: Liat has one in the General Release / Home Video version.
- Movie Bonus Song: "My Girl Back Home." The movie also incorporates the Cut Song "Loneliness of Evening," as a spoken poem Emile writes to Nellie.
- Re-Cut: Two versions are known to exist: A roadshow version that runs 172 minutes and a 157-minute general release version. The roadshow version was considered lost until 2005; the 2006 DVD and 2009 Blu-Ray include both the general release and roadshow versions. The version that played in Europe more closely follows the play by showing Nellie's and Emile's first scene together before the song "Bloody Mary."