American songwriting team consisting of Richard Rodgers (June 28, 1902 — December 30, 1979, composer) and Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 — August 23, 1960, lyricist). Together they earned 34 Tonys, 15 Academy Awards, a Pulitzer Prize and two Grammys, making them EGOTs (winners of an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony). Rodgers was the first-ever EGOT, and he, along with Marvin Hamlisch, have been the only EGOTs to win those 4 prizes and a Pulitzer. Hammerstein is also the only Oscar to ever win an Oscar. As the quote above indicates, their shows are well on the idealistic end of the Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism; despite often dealing with serious topics (racism in South Pacific, sexual harassment in Oklahoma!, spousal abuse in Carousel), they're a by-word for perky, heart-warming, optimistic musicals.
Before their creative partnership began, both had been involved in earlier collaborations; Rodgers was acclaimed for his work with Lorenz Hart, while Hammerstein co-wrote Show Boat (arguably the first modern musical, and written in a style which foreshadowed the work of this duo) with composer Jerome Kern.
Curiously, Oscar Hammerstein knew Stephen Sondheim as a young man and was a formative influence on him (Sondheim has said that "if Oscar was a geologist, I would have been a geologist").
- State Fair (a movie musical remade from an earlier movie, and remade again after Hammerstein's death)
- South Pacific
- The King and I
- Me and Juliet
- Pipe Dream
- Cinderella (originally a CBS television production)
- Flower Drum Song
- The Sound of Music