American songwriting team consisting of Richard Rodgers (June 28, 1902 — December 30, 1979, composer) and Oscar Hammerstein II (July 12, 1895 — August 23, 1960, lyricist). Together they earned 34 Tonys, 15 Academy Awards, a Pulitzer Prize and two Grammys, making them EGOTs (winners of an Emmy, Grammy, Oscar and Tony). Rodgers was the first-ever EGOT, and he, along with Marvin Hamlisch, have been the only EGOTs to win those 4 prizes and a Pulitzer. As the quote above indicates, their shows are well on the idealistic end of the Sliding Scale of Idealism vs. Cynicism; despite often dealing with serious topics (racism in South Pacific, sexual harassment in Oklahoma!, spousal abuse in Carousel), they're a by-word for perky, heart-warming, optimistic musicals.
Before their creative partnership began, both had been involved in earlier collaborations; Rodgers was acclaimed for his work with Lorenz Hart, while Hammerstein co-wrote Show Boat (arguably the first modern musical, and written in a style which foreshadowed the work of this duo) with composer Jerome Kern.
Curiously, Oscar Hammerstein knew Stephen Sondheim as a young man and was a formative influence on him (Sondheim has said that "if Oscar was a geologist, I would have been a geologist").
- State Fair (a movie musical remade from an earlier movie, and remade again after Hammerstein's death)
- South Pacific
- The King and I
- Me And Juliet
- Pipe Dream
- Cinderella (originally a CBS television production)
- Flower Drum Song
- The Sound of Music