A media franchise based on the 1963 novel La Planète des singes (Planet of the Apes) by French author Pierre Boulle, consisting of nine movies in three continuities, a live-action series, an animated series and canon novels.
The franchise, as an allegory of human evolution and hubris, centers on a role-reversal premise where humanity's fall leads the great apes to evolve into a dominant, thriving, highly-intelligent civilization, while humans are now the caged animals.
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Works in this franchise:
- Planet of the Apes (1963)
- Planet of the Apes (1968)
- Planet of the Apes (Remake, 2001)
- Rise of the Planet of the Apes (Continuity Reboot, 2011)
- Planet of the Apes (2001)
- Revenge of the Apes (1983/2003)note
- The "Simian Flu" Downloadable Content pack for Plague Inc. (2014)
- Planet of the Apes: Last Frontier (2017)
- Crisis on the Planet of the Apes (2018)
Marvel Comics released the first "Apes" comics, with a 24 issue-long black & white serial in 1974 called, simply, Planet of the Apes; this comic featured a mixture of both adaptations of the five films and original stories. Marvel subsequently did a colored comic adaptation of the first two movies titled Adventures on the Planet of the Apes.
Malibu Publishing, by way of a division called Adventure Comics, produced multiple Apes comics between 1990 and 1993, some 50 issues in told. These consisted of a 24-issue "Planet of the Apes" monthly issue series, a one-shot titled Sins of the Father, a Planet of the Apes annual and five original mini-series: Urchak's Folly, Forbidden Zone, Ape City, Blood of the Apes, and a crossover with Alien Nation called Ape Nation. All of these stories were original pieces, set after the time of Caesar. Adventure also reprinted Marvel's adaptations of the first three films as well as a four-issue mini-series featuring installments from Marvel's Terror on the Planet of the Apes saga.
The largest continuing publisher of "Apes" comics remains Boom!, which has published multiple serials set in both the original continuity and the 2011 reboot continuity.
Boom's Classic Continuity stories start with "Planet of the Apes (2011)", a 16-issue serial set in the continuity of the original five films, but taking place 500 years before the events of the 1968 film. The storyline from this serial was continued in Planet of the Apes Annual #1, then furthered in Planet of the Apes Special #1, then furthered again in Planet of the Apes Spectacular #1, and finally wrapped up in Planet of the Apes Giant #1.
The next entry in Boom's Classic Continuity "Apes" comic was the four-issue mini-series Betrayal of the Planet of the Apes, set 20 years before the 1968 film, and followed up by the second mini-series Exile on the Planet of the Apes, set two years after Betrayal. This was then followed by Planet of the Apes: Cataclysm, set eight years prior to the 1968 film and blending characters from the film with those from Betrayal and Exile. The Betrayal/Exile/Cataclysm trilogy tells the story of growing pro-human sentiment within the Ape community and other political upsets, providing a backstory for the protesters who make their doomed appearance in the second film.
In the Reboot continuity, Boom! created a prequel to 2011's Rise and mini-series prequels to 2014's Dawn and 2017's War. They also created the one-shot Dawn of the Planet of the Apes: Contagion, which bridges the gap between the first two films of the Reboot continuity.
Boom! has also put out four crossover serials involving the original continuity: Star Trek/Planet of the Apes: The Primate Directive, Planet of the Apes/Green Lantern, Kong on the Planet of the Apes, and Tarzan on the Planet of the Apes.
- Adaptation Distillation: The Hungarian comic book adaptation.
- Adaptation Expansion: The film adaptations do this sometimes, especially based on deleted scenes.
- Area 51
- Brain in a Jar: The Gestalt Mind, leader of the Inheritors, is made up of five brains, with one of them being the biggest.
- Canon Welding: The comics, the timeline in Marvel Comics' Planet of the Apes magazine #11, and the subsequent Timeline of the Planet of the Apes: The Definite Chronology try to fit all the series of the franchise in one universe. With varying success.
- Crossover: There have been multiple cases of this in the comics.
- Malibu's 1990s series included "Ape Nation", an Alien Nation/Planet of the Apes crossover.
- Tarzan on the Planet of the Apes, which functions as an alternate sequel to Beneath where Zira, Cornelius and Dr. Milo traveled back to the early 20th century instead of the 1970s, became the leaders of the Mangani and the adoptive parents of Tarzan. However, their time travel messed with the fabric of space-time enough that the Mahars of Pellucidar begin threatening multiple dimensions.
- Kong on the Planet of the Apes, where a group of apes pursuing Taylor into the Forbidden Zone shortly after the events of the original film encounter a Kong washed up on the shore next to the Statue of Liberty, prompting an Ape expedition to Skull Island.
- Planet of the Apes/Green Lantern is, well, Exactly What It Says on the Tin. In the DC Continuity, "Ape-Earth" is a closed off, temporally looped, parallel timeline in which superheroes never existed and man ultimately devolved himself, allowed apes to conquer, and then destroyed the planet. This made it useful to the Guardians of the Universe as a dumping zone for the Universal Ring, a Gone Horribly Right experimental ring that grants its bearer the ability to draw power from the entire emotional spectrum.
- The Primate Directive is a crossover between the 2nd film and Star Trek: The Original Series, involving the Enterprise's crew trying to stop a Klingon named Kor who has crossed into the Apesverse through a wormhole and seeks to conquer the apes as Klingon subordinates. In the end, the Enterprise gets their Klingon, but fails to prevent the destruction of the Planet of the Apes by the cobalt bomb, leading to them returning to their own universe.
- Expanded Universe: Many of the stories expand upon different times within the classic or reboot continuities.
- Expy: The Ape Supremacists are like the Dragoons from the TV series.
- My God, What Have I Done?: In the comics, Hasslein realized the ape-ruled future was his fault. He created the space-drive for the mission led by Taylor in hopes of a better future, but it has created a Predestination Paradox which caused the end of human civilization, the rise of the apes, and the destruction of the world. He took it upon himself to prevent the dark future he caused, by killing Zira's baby and the apes themselves to prevent them from having another child.
- Mythology Gag: In the Rise of the Planet of the Apes prequel comic, Caesar's father is referred to as Alpha. This is a reference to the Alpha-Omega bomb from Beneath the Planet of the Apes.
- Servant Race: Mutant Drones.
- In the Rise of the Planet of the Apes prequel comic, there is a chimp named Chambers, who is named after the 1968 film's makeup artist John Chambers.
- Two other chimps in the prequel comic include Verdon and Burke, who are named after human astronauts Alan Virdon and Peter Burke from the live-action TV series.
Simian Flu is a Downloadable Content pack for Plague Inc. that was released in 2014 to promote the upcoming Dawn of the Planet of the Apes. It ties in with the Post Credits Scene of Rise of the Planet of the Apes.
Planet of the Apes: Last Frontier takes place between Dawn and War and was released in 2017 for PlayStation 4.
The 2001 film has four original tie-in novels: The Fall, Colony, Force, and Resistance. There were more planned, but they were canceled due to poor sales.
Conspiracy of the Planet of the Apes is the first in a planned series of six novels by Andrew E. C. Gaska, intended to add to the canon of the original movie series and fill in some gaps. The second novel, Death of the Planet of the Apes, was scheduled for release in 2013, but has been pushed back indefinitely, eventually getting a release date of November 2018. Conspiracy centers on Landon and his ordeal while Taylor is with Zira and Cornelius in the first film. It also tells the story of Dr. Milo, and his endeavour to study and repair the damaged spacecraft.
Dawn of the Planet of the Apes: Firestorm is a novel that takes place in the days following Rise of the Planet of the Apes and released in 2014 to tie into the release of Dawn of the Planet of the Apes.
War for the Planet of the Apes: Revelations is a novel taking place after Dawn of the Planet of the Apes and released in 2017 to tie into the release of War for the Planet of the Apes.
Planet of the Apes: Tales from the Forbidden Zone is a collection of short stories taking place in the continuity of the original films, released in 2017.
Planet of the Apes: Caesar's Story is a 2018 novel where the character Maurice retells the events of Rise/Dawn/War and the events in-between.
- Anthology: Tales from the Forbidden Zone
- Everything's Better with Dinosaurs: The cover of Colony features an ape facing off against a dinosaur.
- Conspiracy takes place during the events of the 1968 film.
- Firestorm takes place after Rise and is billed as a prequel to Dawn.
- Revelations takes place after Dawn and is billed as a prequel to War.
- Framing Device: Caesar's Story is Maurice telling the story of Caesar to his son.
- Mythology Gag: The Alpha-Omega group, which burns buildings and puts graffiti of the Alpha and Omega symbols together, is a reference to the Alpha-Omega bomb from Beneath the Planet of the Apes.
- It is said that people in France were among the first of many infected with the Simian Flu. This not only correlates with the end credit sequence of Rise but also reflects how the franchise itself originated in French, with Pierre Boulle's novel.
- Koba's friend, a chimp named Milo, is named after Dr. Milo, a chimp from Escape From The Planet of the Apes.
- Tommy calling Koba ugly is a reference to Zira calling Taylor ugly in the 1968 film.