Minecraft is a block-based sandbox survival game. The game drops players into a wide-open procedurally generated world where everything is made of blocks that the players can break down and place elsewhere, rearranging things as they see fit. The game is noted for its creative appeal, often described as "Digital Lego".note Massively popular, the game was originally released on PC by developer Mojang but has since moved to every major video game console and mobile platform.
The game's popularity cannot be overstated. With over 200 million copies sold, it is the number one best-selling game of all time, surpassing the previous record-holder Tetris. The game's popularity is so high and its fanbase so large that Microsoft bought Minecraft for over two billion dollars in 2014. Part of the game's success can be credited to its deep and open-ended gameplay that encourages creativity and exploration: there is no fixed or structured storyline or narrative, and players are given utter freedom to decide how they want to interact with the world, as well as make their own adventures within the game.
In Minecraft, nearly everything in the game is made up of similarly-sized cubes. From dirt to rock, to tree trunks. The "world" of Minecraft is nigh-infinite and constantly generates new and unique landscapes as the player explores. Players can scale blocky mountains, swim across bodies of water, or explore any one of the many caves winding through the ground underneath them. The world is bound by unbreakable "bedrock" at the bottom and a height limit at the top where players can no longer place blocks. There are also two alternate realms players can travel to the "Nether", a hell-like dimension, and "The End", barren land where a terrible dragon awaits.
The three main modes in Minecraft are Creative, Survival and Hardcore. In Creative, the players can destroy and place blocks with a single click. They can use any block in the game, cannot dienote , and can fly. For the most part, it's focused solely on building, and can be used to easily make very large structures or pixel art. Monsters and animals still spawn in the game world, but are passive and will not attack the player. Survival, on the other hand, forces the players to manually collect the blocks they want to use and give them a health bar and the possibility of death. It also introduces crafting and hunger systems, and monsters will be aggressive and attempt to kill players. The players are forced to scrounge for supplies, building up a base to protect themselves from monsters while also mining deep underground for valuable materials. Players must craft various equipment to help them survive, such as pickaxes to make mining blocks quicker, or swords and armor to help fend off the monsters that come each night. Hardcore mode is almost identical to Survival except for the fact that the difficulty is locked on hard, and if you die you'll respawn in Spectator Mode, which cannot interact with the world.
The game can be played in single-player or multiplayer. Multiplayer servers feature shared persistent worlds, allowing multiple players to either collaborate on grand projects or compete against each other. The game also features a very active mod community and has launched many popular YouTube Let's Play channels, shows and personalities, such as the Yogscast, Achievement Hunter's Let's Play Minecraft, Stampylonghead, Minecraft channels from Little Kelly (and her sister, Little Carly), a upcoming Minecraft channel from Oceane Marie and Sky Does Minecraft.
Minecraft is notable that despite being largely single-player, it follows an MMO-style support model and receives updates from time to time. The game also began as an indie game and was created by Swedish programmer Markus "Notch" Persson as a Spiritual Adaptation of a freeware game from Zachtronics Industries called Infiniminer. First released in 2009, Minecraft started very basic and only had the equivalent of Creative mode. Various other modes, such as Survival Test, Indev, and Infdev were slowly added in and refined/renamed, as well as many of the now-standard features (like the day/night cycle). In the summer of 2010, it was updated to Alpha status and moved to Beta status later that year. Despite the game being "officially" released in 2011, many new features have continued to be added. As previously mentioned, in 2014, Microsoft bought Mojang (and thus Minecraft) but assured fans they planned to continue the game's ongoing development, which they have by releasing one to two updates per year, save for 2015 where it was not updated. As of 2021, the game is on version 1.16.5. At least two more updates have been confirmed, with many more likely in the works.
The soundtrack is by composers C418 and Lena Raine. The Game Mod Index has a Minecraft section which has pages for various mods and maps. There is also another page reserved for fan-made Adventure Maps. The official wiki can be found here, which is an extremely valuable tool, though each recent update has decreased the need to rely on it by providing in-game hints regarding all major features.
- Minecraft: Story Mode (2015-2017): An episodic Point-and-Click Game developed by Telltale Games in cooperation with Mojang.note
- Minecraft Earth (2019-2021): A free-to-play Augmented Reality game for mobile devices. Will be defunct in June 2021.
- Minecraft Dungeons (2020): A dungeon-crawler Hack and Slash game developed by Mojang and Double Eleven.
- Minecraft Card Game (2015)
- Minecraft: Builders And Biomes (2019)
- Super Meat Boy (2010): Steve is an unlockable Version-Exclusive Content Guest Fighter in the game's PC version.
- Joe Danger 2: The Movie (2012): As Version-Exclusive Content for the PC and Vita versions of the game, Steve appears as a Guest Fighter and the Level Editor includes usable Minecraft environments.
- Super Smash Bros. Ultimate (2018): Steve (with Alex, a zombie, and an Enderman as alternate skins) appears as a DLC Guest Fighter of the game's Fighters Pass Volume 2.
- Minecraft: A series of novels published by Del Rey Publishing.
- Minecraft: The Island (2017)
- Minecraft: The Crash (2018)
- Minecraft: The Lost Journals (2019)
- Minecraft: The End (2019)
- Minecraft: The Voyage (2020)
- Minecraft: The Shipwreck (2020)
- Minecraft: Woodsword Chronicles (2019-): A series of children's books written by Nick Eliopulos and illustrated by Luke Flowers and Alan Batson.
- Minecraft (2019-): A series of Graphic Novels published by Dark Horse Comics about a kid called Tyler who grows closer to his buddies on Minecraft after he moves to a new town.
Film and Television
See also Minicraft, a spin-off game by Notch; Terraria, a 2D title that is the most popular of several games with similar "blocky sandbox survival" themes to Minecraft; and Hytale, another such game developed by some of the creators of the Hypixel maps and minigames listed on the Adventure Maps page. There's also a Minecraft-inspired Youtube Red series called Kings of Atlantis.
Minecraft provides examples of: