Cher (born Cherilyn Sarkisian on May 20, 1946) is a prolific American entertainer who has gained fame as a singer, actress, presenter and philanthropist in the course of a career spanning nearly fifty years.
She originally entered the spotlight in The '60s as one half of Sonny and Cher, a Pop/Folk duo in which she performed with her then-husband Sonny Bono. They had a major hit with "I Got You Babe" and co-presented a successful television show with The Sonny and Cher Comedy Hour, and even had a few new hit songs, but eventually they decided to go their separate ways both personally and professionally. In The '70s, Cher scored solo hits and became a popular figure in the Disco genre, but when that scene collapsed, her attempts to switch to a more contemporary AOR sound fell flat.
Instead, she spent The '80s primarily establishing herself as an actress, earning an Academy Award nomination for her appearance in the film Silkwood and winning the Best Actress Oscar for Moonstruck. With her success in this field solidified, she returned to music, revisiting her earlier attempt at Arena Rock to great acclaim and achieving her greatest success as a singer in The '90s with the number one dance hit "Believe" (credited with making Auto-Tune mainstream).
Her achievements include an Emmy Award, a Grammy Award, an Academy Award, several Golden Globes, and four number one singles on the American chart. She holds a record as the artist with the longest gap between their first and most recent number one hits.
- All I Really Want to Do (1965)
- The Sonny Side of Cher (1966)
- Cher (1966)
- With Love, Cher (1967)
- Backstage (1968)
- 3614 Jackson Highway (1969)
- Cher / Gypsies, Tramps & Thieves (1971)
- Foxy Lady (1972)
- Bittersweet White Light (1973)
- Half-Breed (1973)
- Dark Lady (1974)
- Stars (1975)
- I'd Rather Believe in You (1976)
- Cherished (1977)
- Two the Hard Way (as Allman and Woman with Gregg Allman; 1977)
- Take Me Home (1979)
- Prisoner (1979)
- Black Rose (as Black Rose; 1980)
- I Paralyze (1982)
- Cher (1987)
- Heart of Stone (1989)
- Love Hurts (1991)
- It's a Man's World (1995)
- Believe (1999)
- not.com.mercial (2000)
- Living Proof (2011)
- Closer to the Truth (2013)
- Dancing Queen (2018)
- The Sonny and Cher Show (1966 — 1967) as herself & various characters
- Silkwood (1983) as Dolly Pelliker
- Mask (1985) as Rusty Dennis
- The Witches of Eastwick (1987) as Alexandra Medford
- Moonstruck (1987) as Loretta Castorini
- Mermaids (1990) as Rachel Flax
- The Player (1992) as herself
- Prêt-à-Porter (1994) as herself
- Stuck on You (2003) as herself
- Burlesque (2010) as Tess
- Zookeeper (2011) as Janet the Lioness (voice)
- Mamma Mia! Here We Go Again (2018) as Ruby Sheridan
She provides examples of:
- Auto-Tune: Probably the first artist to use it in a successful mainstream recording ("Believe"); she wasn't going to use it, but when she heard it being applied to her recorded vocals she liked it and decided to keep it in. She also zig-zagged the trope, since she wasn't using it for corrections.
- This was awesomely referenced in an appearance on The Graham Norton Show where Graham and then Dawn French sang a bit of the song into an autotune mic, followed by Cher herself with zero distortion.
- Cover Version: "A World Without Heroes" by KISS on her album Love Hurts, along with the title track by the Everly Brothers.
- Reversed, as several of her songs with Sonny have become big country hits. These include "When You Say Love" (covered by Bob Luman in 1972, the same year it was a pop hit for Sonny and Cher) and "All I Ever Need is You" (a No. 1 country hit in 1979 by Kenny Rogers and Dottie West).
- Hello, Sailor!: The video for "If I Could Turn Back Time" has her performing on the USS Missouri for some 500 sailors. One of them even briefly hugs her from behind before running back to his shipmates, who all high-five him.
- Ms. Fanservice: While her sex symbol status during the 70's and 80's has been firmly established, the cover photos of her on her 1979 album 'Prisoner', almost completely nude, have cemented this status.
- New Sound Album: In the past, she modified her sound to accommodate changing trends (Folk in the sixties, Disco in the seventies, Rock in the eighties and Contemporary R&B/Dance in the nineties).
- Power Ballad: She has recorded many of them, especially in her late eighties Arena Rock days.
- The Problem with Pen Island: When Margaret Thatcher died in 2013, the Twitter hashtag "#nowthatcherisdead" started trending. As a result, several Americans either unaware of Thatcher or her reputation among certain sections of the UK scrambled to find out if Cher was dead.
- Stripperiffic: Her infamous leather-and-fishnets outfit from the video for "If I Could Turn Back Time."
- Trope Codifier: Auto-Tune existed before "Believe," mostly being used for its original intention of minor pitch correction; however, she liked the otherworldly sound it gave to the song and decided to keep it. After that, it spread like wildfire.