Music of the 1960s
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Genres that debuted or were popular in this decade:
The 13th Floor Elevators. Formed in 1966.
The Allman Brothers Band. Formed in 1969.
Herb Alpert. Formed The Tijuana Brass in 1962 and released thirteen albums with them for the next seven years.
The Animals. Formed in 1962, disbanded in 1966.
Ashton, Gardner & Dyke. Founded in 1968, reached charts in 1971.
P.D.Q. Bach. His work was first "discovered" in 1965.
Burt Bacharach and Hal David
Joan Baez. Debut album (solo) in 1960. She had already recorded a number of songs for a 1959 compilation album.
Long John Baldry. Released first professional recordings in 1964. He'd already recorded a demo single in 1958.
The Band. Had originally formed as a backup band for a singer. Became an independent band c. 1964.
Syd Barrett. Started solo work at the end of the decade.
The Beach Boys. Formed in 1961, created most acclaimed work from 1966 to 1973.
The Beatles: Perhaps the biggest and most influential act of the 20th century (if not all time), being credited for having a significant impact on not just popular music, but also western society and culture as a whole. Formed in 1960, they released the majority of their work during this decade, including many albums and songs considered by analysts to be among the most influential works of music of all time, and their popularity still continues across generations to this day.
The Bee Gees. Debut single in 1963.
Jorge Ben Jor. Formally debuted in 1963 with Samba Esquema Novo.
Big Brother And The Holding Company. Formed in 1965.
The Big Three. Formed in 1961.
Black Sabbath. Formed in 1968-1969, debut album in 1970.
Blue Cheer. Formed in 1966. Debut album in 1968.
Blue Öyster Cult. Formed in 1967, debut album in 1972.
Marc Bolan. Started the hippie Tyrannosaurus Rex in 1967.
The Bonzo Dog Band.
David Bowie. Released his debut single in 1964, and stayed active as a label-hopping teen rocker before signing with Deram Records in 1966. Was initially credited under his real name of Davy Jones before adopting the stage name "David Bowie" to avoid confusion with the Monkees member of the same name.
Georges Brassens. Career started in the 1950s. Still released new records during the 1960s.
Jacques Brel. Career started in the 1950s, still kept releasing new albums during this decade until he temporarily quit his career in 1966.
Arthur Brown: Scored a #1 Hit with "Fire," revered Cult Classic Progressive Rock musician.
James Brown. Career started in 1955. Brown released several of his major hits in this decade.
Bill Bruford. Began career with Yes in 1968.
Buffalo Springfield. Lasted between 1966-8.
Tim Buckley. Debuted in 1966.
The Byrds. Formed in 1964.
Can. Formed in 1968.
Captain Beefheart. Debut album in 1967.
Caravan. Debut album in 1969.
Carpenters. Debut album in 1969.
Wendy Carlos. First album ( Switched-On Bach, as Walter Carlos) in 1968. Sometimes erroneously claimed to be the first synth album.
Johnny Cash. Career and record releases started in 1955, but Cash enjoyed mainstream popularity in this decade.
Ray Charles. Career and record releases started in 1949, but Charles reached his greatest popularity in this decade.
Cher. Solo debut album in 1965.
Chicago. Formed in 1967, debut album in 1969.
Patsy Cline. Already an established country star of the 1950s, Cline's popularity skyrocketed after her death in a plane crash in 1963; for 28 years, the 1967 compilation Patsy Cline's Greatest Hits was the best-selling album of any female country artist.
Joe Cocker. Debut single in 1964, debut album in 1969.
Eddie Cochran: Died in 1960.
Nat King Cole: Died in 1965.
Alice Coltrane. Debuted as a bandleader in 1968.
John Coltrane. Career went strong until his death in 1967.
Alice Cooper. Debut album for the band and its lead singer in 1969.
Cream. Formed in 1966, disbanded in 1968.
Creedence Clearwater Revival. Renamed and reformed in 1968. Previously known as The Blue Velvets and The Golliwogs, but had gone inactive in 1966.
Crosby, Stills, Nash & Young: Debuted in 1968 without Neil Young, but he came aboard from 1969 on.
The Mamas & the Papas
Deep Purple. Debut album in 1968.
John Denver. Debut solo album released in 1966
Neil Diamond. Became famous in the 1960s as a songwriter and as a singer. His "I'm A Believer" was used by The Monkees. He had some hit singles of his own in the '60s, including "Cherry Cherry", "Red, Red Wine", "Brother Love's Travelling Salvation Show", "Sweet Caroline", and "Holly Holy".
Donovan. Debuted in 1965.
The Doors. Formed in 1965, debut album in 1967.
Bob Dylan. Debut album in 1962.
The Everly Brothers
Faces. Formed in 1969.
Fairport Convention: Seminal Folk Rock band, still around but enjoyed their greatest success at the end of the 1960s
Marianne Faithfull. First hit in 1964.
Agnetha Fältskog released two solo Swedish-language albums in 1968 and 1969, having her first Swedish number-one single in 1967.
Fleetwood Mac. Formed in 1967.
Shelby Flint. First recordings in 1958; released debut album in 1961.
Aretha Franklin. Her first recordings were in 1956, but her first professional contract came in 1960.
Free. Formed in 1968.
The Fugs. Founded in 1964.
Serge Gainsbourg. Released some of his greatest hits during this decade.
Marvin Gaye. Debut album in 1961.
Genesis. Formed in 1967 from a group of Surrey, UK schoolboys. Released one album that was vastly different from their Progressive Rock sound.
Lesley Gore. The height of her career took place during this decade.
Grand Funk Railroad. Formed in 1969.
The Grateful Dead. Formed in 1965.
Woody Guthrie. Died in 1967.
Johnny Hallyday. Debut album in 1961; first topped the French album charts in 1968.
Herbie Hancock. Debut in 1961.
George Harrison. Debut album in 1968.
Hawkwind. Formed in 1969. Debut album in 1970.
The Jimi Hendrix Experience. Debut album in 1967.
Herman's Hermits. Formed in 1963, debut album in 1965.
The Hollies. Debut album in 1964.
Iron Butterfly. Formed in 1966. Debut album in 1968.
The Jackson 5
Jan and Dean
Jefferson Airplane. Formed in 1965.
Waylon Jennings. Began his long and successful tenure with RCA Records in 1965; his 1968 album Only the Greatest was credited with providing the roots for his distinctive style of music.
Jethro Tull. Formed in 1967.
Elton John. Debut album in 1969.
Brian Jones. Recorded an album in 1968, but after his sudden death in 1969 it only came out posthumously in 1971.
Jack Jones was a staple of the easy listening end of the U.S. musical scene during the 1960s; his hits "Wives and Lovers" and "Lollipops and Roses" won a Grammy Award for Best Vocal Performance, Male in the years they came out.
Spike Jones. Died in 1965.
Tom Jones. Debut album in 1965.
Judas Priest. Formed in 1969, debut album in 1974.
Carole King. Started as a songwriter in 1960 and first hit the charts as a performer in 1962, nearly a decade before she became a household name.
King Crimson. Formed in 1968.
The Kinks. Formed in 1964.
Rahsaan Roland Kirk.
Gladys Knight and the Pips. First album/single released in 1962
Erich Wolfgang Korngold.
Labelle. Formed in 1962
Led Zeppelin. Formed in 1968.
Tom Lehrer broke through in this decade.
Leiber and Stoller: Still writing, and scoring hits from time to time throughout the decade.
John Lennon. Released albums in collaboration with Yoko Ono, starting in 1968.
Jerry Lee Lewis. Recording career started in 1956. His career having declined for most of the decade, Lewis returned to prominence in 1968 with new Country Music hits.
Gordon Lightfoot. Began his recording career in 1962.
Love. Released their debut album in 1966.
The Lovin' Spoonful: First album in 1965.
Lynyrd Skynyrd. formed in 1964, debut album in 1973.
Henry Mancini. First hit single in 1960.
Manfred Mann. Formed in 1962, and first hit single was 1964.
Bob Marley. Started in 1962.
John Martyn. Released his folk debut, London Conversation in 1967, would later incorporate jazz and dub.
John Mayall. Debut album in 1965.
Curtis Mayfield. Debut with The Impressions.
MC5. Formed in 1964, debut album in 1969.
Steve Miller Band. Formed in 1966, debut album in 1968.
Joni Mitchell. Debut album in 1968.
The Monkees. Formed in 1966.
The Moody Blues. Formed in 1964, debut album in 1965.
Van Morrison. Started with the band Them in 1964, then began a long and successful solo career in 1967.
Mott the Hoople. Released their debut album in 1969.
The Move. Formed in 1965, first hit in 1966.
Jim Nabors. The star of television's scored twelve albums on Billboard's album chart, including four from the 1960s alone. Three of his 1960s albums received Gold certification from the RIAA. His rendering of "The Impossible Dream", which he performed in the Gomer Pyle, U.S.M.C. Gomer Pyle episode "The Show Must Go On", peaked at No. 30 on Australia's Go-Set chart in 1968.
Napoleon XIV. Released his debut single and album in 1966.
Harry Nilsson. Began as a songwriter and demo singer in 1962. Recorded his formal debut album in 1967.
The Nutty Squirrels. Formed in 1959, continued releasing albums during this decade.
Laura Nyro. Singer-songwriter who had a prominent career in the late '60s and early '70s.
Babatunde Olatunji. Released his debut album in 1960.
Oliver!. Released his debut single and album in 1969.
Yoko Ono. Released albums in collaboration with John Lennon, starting in 1968.
Roy Orbison. Career started in 1956. First full album in 1961. Enjoyed his greatest commercial success between 1961 and 1964.
Dolly Parton. Debut album in 1967.
Jean-Jacques Perrey and Gershon Kingsley. The In Sound From Way Out!, 1966, thus almost certainly the first synth album.
Peter, Paul and Mary
Édith Piaf. Career still went strong until her death in 1963.
Pink Floyd. Formed in 1965.
Poco. Formed in 1968, debut album in 1969.
Cole Porter. Died in 1964.
Elvis Presley. Career and record releases started in 1953/1954. Presley still managed a number of hits in this decade.
The Pretty Things. Formed in 1963, first album in 1965.
Charley Pride. Began his recording career in 1966, and, in Nashville, made history by becoming the first commercially successful African-American country singer. In 1967, his album The Country Way topped the American country charts; from then until 1981, all but one of his studio albums would register in the top-10 on the country album chart. Similarly, his 1967 recording of "Does My Ring Hurt Your Finger" became the first in a long string of top-5 country hits he would score, with only two exceptions, until 1983.
Procol Harum. Debut album in 1967.
Gerry Rafferty. First single as a member of the Fifth Column released in the mid-1960s.
Les Rallizes Dénudés
Otis Redding. Debut album in 1964.
Renaissance. Formed and debuted in 1969.
Jim Reeves' career began in 1948. Widely credited with his influence on the Nashville Sound, Reeves continued to chart regularly on both the album and single sectors of the American country charts after his 1964 death in a plane crash. In 1966, his recording of "Distant Drums" was a #1 hit on the UK Singles Chart, and stayed on that chart for 45 weeks; The BBC named it the "Song of the Year."
Paul Revere and the Raiders. Formed in 1958, continued into the '70s, but most of their hits came in this decade.
Cliff Richard. Recording career started in 1958. Continued topping the British charts to 1964.
The Rolling Stones. Formed in 1962.
Miklós Rózsa. Composing career started c. 1929, but Rosza created several of his orchestral works in this decade.
Rush. Formed in 1968, debut album in 1974.
Pharoah Sanders. Released debut record as a bandleader in 1965.
Scorpions. Formed in 1965, debut album in 1972.
The Searchers. Formed in the late 50s, debut single in 1963.
Neil Sedaka. Started out in the Fifties, but continued into the 1960s.
Bob Seger. Started in this decade. His debut album was released in 1969.
Sonny Sharrock. Made his debut as a bandleader in 1969.
Bobby Sherman. Released his first single in 1962.
Dmitri Shostakovich. Composing career started in 1919, but Shostakovich created several of his orchestral works in this decade.
Simon & Garfunkel. The music duo formed in 1957, but had their first major hit in 1965.
Sly and the Family Stone. Formed in 1967.
The Small Faces. Formed in 1965. Debut album in 1966.
Status Quo. Formed in 1962 under the name The Spectres.
Steeleye Span. Formed in 1969.
Steppenwolf. Formed in 1967.
Al Stewart. Debut in 1967.
Rod Stewart. Debut solo album in 1969.
The Stooges. Formed in 1967. Debut album in 1969.
Barbra Streisand. Debut album in 1963, first major hit in 1964.
The Supremes. Formed in 1959 as The Primettes, renamed The Supremes in 1961.
Thin Lizzy. Formed in 1969. First single in 1970, first album in 1971.
Peter Tosh. Debuted in 1962, with The Wailers.
Traffic. Debuted in 1967.
The Turtles. Debuted in 1965.
Uriah Heep. Formed in 1969. Debut album in 1970.
Frankie Valli and the Four Seasons. Formed in 1960.
Edgard Varèse. Died in 1965.
Velvet Underground. Formed in 1965. Debut album in 1967.
The Walker Brothers. Formed in 1964, first major hits in 1965, first broke up in 1968.
Scott Walker. Became a star with The Walker Brothers in 1965; first four solo albums 1967-1969.
Johnny "Guitar" Watson
Lawrence Welk and his Musical Family were a prominent force on the American album charts during the decade; the band leader's television program was in the top-30 between 1964 and 1969.
The Who. Formed in 1964.
Jack Wild. Became a Teen Idol in 1968 before releasing his debut single in 1969.
Tony Williams, a drummer for Miles Davis, worked as a bandleader as well.
Andy Williams. Released the bulk of his albums in the 1960s.
Brian Wilson. Released first solo singles in this decade.
Stevie Wonder. Debut album in 1962, first hit single in 1963.
The Wrecking Crew (Music). First formed as Phil Spector's house band in the early 1960s.
The Yardbirds. Formed in 1963.
Yes. Formed in 1968. Debut album in 1969.
Neil Young. First solo record in 1968.
Frank Zappa. First recording in 1966, along with his support band "The Mothers of Invention".
The Zombies: Formed in 1961, first album in 1965.