In the summer of 1967, Dylan had been on a break from the music business for a year after the fabled motorcycle crash following his world tour in 1966. (According to himself, he just really wanted to spend some time with his family.) When his former backing band The Hawks moved into a house down the road from him in Woodstock, New York, they soon started getting together in its basement for informal jams on old folk, blues, country, gospel and rock'n'roll tunes, and Dylan eventually started bringing newly-written material in the same vein. By the end of 1967, The Hawks had transformed themselves from a rowdy bar band to roots rock legends The Band, and Dylan had written dozens of songs including "I Shall Be Released", "You Ain't Goin' Nowhere", "Crash On The Levee (Down In The Flood)", "This Wheel's On Fire", "Tears Of Rage", and "Quinn The Eskimo (The Mighty Quinn)".
As far as Dylan and The Band were concerned, these were demos of songs they might record in the future (The Band would indeed record several of them for their first album), but many of the songs were also circulated to record companies in the hope that other bands would cover them. Inevitably, these wound up in the wrong hands, and "the basement tapes", as they soon became known, wound up setting the pattern for bootleg recordings in rock music, being sold under the counter in countless record shops and even being reviewed in major magazines as "Dylan's lost masterpiece".
Columbia Records finally released an official version of The Basement Tapes in 1975 to general critical acclaim, though some were disappointed that some of the best-known tracks were left off, while others were "improved" with newly-recorded overdubs, and the album was padded with unrelated songs The Band had recorded (without Dylan) between 1968 and 1975. While the official release still held a lot of great music, the bootleggers didn't go out of business. In The '80s, fans got ahold of a bunch of higher quality reels, giving the jam sessions and song sketches their first public airings, resulting in several highly-sought after bootleg CD sets. Famed music critic Greil Marcus even devoted a whole book to the then-unreleased recordings.note
Over the years, The Basement Tapes — official and unofficial — have been seen by many as some of the most influential recordings of Dylan's career, with the mix of old and new themes and styles anticipating both country rock and Alternative Country, while completely revamping his approach to song-writing. Even though many of the songs are simple and full of silly wordplay, they often have dark undertones and play on old folk traditions — what Marcus called "the old, weird America".
The (essentially) complete basement tapes finally got an official release in 2014 as part of Dylan's ongoing Bootleg Series, both as a double CD of highlights and as a 6-CD, 139-song set.
For a complete list of all songs recorded at the sessions, see the other wiki.
Tracklist to the 1975 album:
- "Odds and Ends" (1:47)
- "Orange Juice Blues (Blues for Breakfast)" (3:39)
- "Million Dollar Bash" (2:32)
- "Yazoo Street Scandal" (3:29)
- "Goin' to Acapulco" (5:27)
- "Katie's Been Gone" (2:46)
- "Lo and Behold" (2:46)
- "Bessie Smith" (4:18)
- "Clothes Line Saga" (2:58)
- "Apple Suckling Tree" (2:48)
- "Please, Mrs. Henry" (2:33)
- "Tears of Rage" (4:15)
- "Too Much of Nothing" (3:04)
- "Yea! Heavy And a Bottle of Bread" (2:15)
- "Ain't No More Cane" (3:58)
- "Crash on the Levee (Down in the Flood)" (2:04)
- "Ruben Remus" (3:16)
- "Tiny Montgomery" (2:47)
- "You Ain't Goin' Nowhere" (2:42)
- "Don't Ya Tell Henry" (3:13)
- "Nothing Was Delivered" (4:23)
- "Open the Door, Homer" (2:49)
- "Long Distance Operator" (3:39)
- "This Wheel's on Fire" (3:52)
"Orange Juice Blues", "Yazoo Street Scandal", "Katie's Been Gone", "Bessie Smith", "Ain't No More Cane", "Ruben Remus", "Don't Ya Tell Henry" and "Long Distance Operator" are just by The Band without Dylan (though Dylan wrote the last two).
- Rick Danko - bass, mandolin, backing and lead vocals
- Bob Dylan - lead vocals, guitar, harmonica, piano
- Levon Helm - drums, mandolin, bass, backing and lead vocals
- Garth Hudson - organ, clavinet, accordion, saxophone, piano
- Richard Manuel - piano, drums, harmonica, backing and lead vocals
- Robbie Robertson - guitar, drums, backing and co-lead vocals
These tropes are on fire, rolling down the road:
- Added Alliterative Appeal: "Crash On The Levee"Well, it's sugar for sugar and salt for salt
- Alliterative Title: "Ruben Remus".
- ...And 99¢: "2 Dollars and 99 Cents".
- Answer Song: "Clothes Line Saga", a response to Bobbie Gentry's "Ode To Billie Joe".
- Break-Up Song: "I'm Not There (1956)", to the extent that you can decipher the words, seems to be about a Relationship Revolving Door that the narrator finally gives up on, with some regrets.
- Corpsing: All over the place. The sessions were largely fuelled by coffee and marijuana.
- The Cover Changes the Gender: Averted in "Young But Daily Growing".
- Cover Version:
- Dozens and dozens in the complete version, ranging from medieval ballads to Johnny Cash to Curtis Mayfield. They even make a not-remotely-serious stab at Rimsky-Korsakov's "Flight Of The Bumblebee".
- Several of the songs became hits for other bands long before the original versions were released, including "You Ain't Goin' Nowhere" by The Byrds, "Quinn the Eskimo (The Mighty Quinn)" by Manfred Mann's Earth Band, "Too Much Of Nothing" by Peter, Paul And Mary, and "This Wheel's On Fire" by Julie Driscoll (also used as the Real Song Theme Tune of Absolutely Fabulous).
- Decon-Recon Switch: The album often manages to sound ancient and brand new at once, incorporating centuries-old folk themes and brand new grooves at once. As one critic put it:While the rock world vented its spleen on parents and leaders, Dylan was singing privately about parental fidelity. While George Harrison was testifying that life went on within and without you, Dylan was taking his potatoes down to be mashed. While Mick Jagger was 2,000 light years from home, Dylan was strapping himself to a tree with roots.
- Drunken Song: "Please, Mrs. Henry".Well, I've already had two beers
I'm ready for the broom
Please, Missus Henry, won't you
Take me to my room?
- Dumb and Drummer: Several songs poke fun at drummers, partly because they had to make do without a proper drummer since Levon Helm wasn't present for most of the original sessions.Pull that drummer out from behind that bottle! Slap that drummer with a pie that smells!
- Either/Or Title: "Quinn The Eskimo (The Mighty Quinn)", "Crash On The Levee (Down In The Flood)", "Orange Juice Blues (Blues For Breakfast)", "One Single River (Song For Canada)". "I'm Not There (1956)" is a weird example, as nobody's quite sure what "(1956)" is supposed to signify.
- Epic Rocking: "Sign on The Cross" (7:21) is the longest song on the complete tapes. Except for a handful of other songs over five minutes, the sessions averted this.
- The Generation Gap: "Tears Of Rage", notably for a song recorded during the "summer of love", sympathizes with the parents of a teenage daughter who no longer understands them.
- The Great Flood: "Crash On The Levee (Down In The Flood)":Well, that high tide's risin'
Mama, don't you let me down
Pack up your suitcase
Mama, don't you make a sound
Now, it's king for king
Queen for queen
It's gonna be the meanest flood
That anybody's seen
- Morality Ballad: "Be Careful Of Stones That You Throw".
- Mundane Made Awesome: "Clothes Line Saga" is an epic tale about bringing in the laundry.
- New Sound Album: Well, old sound album, but in a new way.
- Non-Appearing Title: "Open the Door, Homer". The chorus says "open the door, Richard".
- Not Christian Rock: "Sign On The Cross".
- The Not-Remix: The 1975 version added some overdubs. The 2014 version returns to the original takes, but in vastly improved sound quality.
- One-Woman Song: "Bessie Smith".
- Parody: "Clothes Line Saga" spoofs Bobbie Gentry's "Ode To Billie Joe".
- Refrain from Assuming: It's "Open The Door, Homer" even though the lyrics clearly tell Richard to open the door.
- Retraux: The 1975 album collapses the original stereo tapes to mono, with some additional filtering as well, apparently to make them sound more grungy and homemade. Also, many of The Band's songs on that album were new 1975 recordings of songs they'd worked on in 1967.
- Revisiting the Roots: The album marked Dylan returning to his origins.
- Rock-Star Song: "All American Boy".
- "Open the Door, Homer". The "open the door, Richard" line is a reference to a novelty song from The '40s.
- One line of thought about the chorus of "Too Much of Nothing" ("Say hello to Valerie, say hello to Vivian") is that it's referencing the two wives of T. S. Eliot, Vivienne Haigh-Wood (who was committed to a mental hospital) and Valerie Fletcher.
- Something Blues: Doubled with "Orange Juice Blues (Blues For Breakfast)".
- Step Up to the Microphone:
- Robbie Robertson sings co-lead vocals on "Bessie Smith".
- Richard Manuel sings the first verse of "One Too Many Mornings" before Dylan takes over.
- A Storm Is Coming: "Crash On The Levee (Down In The Flood)":Crash on the levee, mama
Water's gonna overflow
Swamp's gonna rise
No boat's gonna row
- Stylistic Suck: Several examples, especially "I'm Your Teenage Prayer", a hilarious send-up of 50's teenager ballads.
- Take That!:
- Wanderlust Song:
- "Goin' To Acapulco"There are worse ways of getting there
And I ain't complainin' none
If the clouds don't drop and the train don't stop
I'm bound to meet the sun.
- "Lo And Behold!"Lo and behold! Lo and behold!
Lookin' for my lo and behold.
Get me out here, my dear man.
- "Goin' To Acapulco"
- Word Salad Lyrics: Either for comedic effect or as place-holder lyrics. Notably, though, they're completely different in style from the Word Salad Lyrics he was writing seriously just a year or two earlier.