The Four Tops are an American vocal group who came to fame as part of Motown's classic stable of artists in 1960s, originally made up of Levi Stubbs, Renaldo "Obie" Benson, Abdul "Duke" Fakir, and Lawrence Payton. They are notable for their longevity, having been active since 1953, and the stability of their lineup, with the original members performing together until 1997 when Payton passed away.
They got their start touring supper clubs and working as an opening act to more established artists. Once they got signed onto the Motown label, they were used mainly as backup singers and tasked with singing covers of jazz standards. It wasn't until the legendary Holland-Dozier-Holland writing team wrote an instrumental track that they didn't know what to do with that the Four Tops got their chance to shine. The track became "Baby, I Need Your Loving", which established the basis of their trademark pop/R&B sound led by Levi Stubbs' powerful baritone, a rarity at the timenote .
This was soon followed by a number of commercial hits, including "I Can't Help Myself (Sugar Pie, Honey Bunch)", "It's the Same Old Song", "Something About You", "Shake Me, Wake Me (When It's Over)", and "Loving You Is Sweeter Than Ever". However, they found themselves struggling to continue this success by the 1970s and an attempt to create a Supergroup with The Supremes as the Magnificent Seven resulted in tepid reception.
What followed was a string of label changes and limited chart success, although they were always held in high esteem and cast as tongue-in-cheek rivals to fellow Motown artists The Temptations for battles of the groups in televised Motown specials. By 1980s, the Four Tops shifted focus on touring and performing and slowed their album output.
In 1997, Lawrence Payton passed away due to liver cancer, and the remaining members carried on as The Tops for a short while before recruiting former Temptation Theo Peoples in their first lineup change in 44 years. Since then, Levi Stubbs, and Obie Benson also passed away, leaving Duke Fakir as the only original member of the group.
Principal Members (Founding members in bold; Current Members in italic):
- Renaldo Obie Benson: bass (1953-2005; d.2005)
- Harold Spike Bonhart : baritone (2011-Present)
- Abdul Duke Fakir: first tenor (1953-Present)
- Ronnie McNair : tenor (2000-Present)
- Lawrence Peyton: tenor (1953-97; his death)
- Roquel Peyton: bass (2005-Present)
- Theo Peoples: tenor/baritone (1998-2011)
- Levi Stubbs: baritone (1953-2000; d.2008)
I Cant Help Myself, I Love These Tropes And Nobody Else!:
- Large Ham: Levi Stubbs could be a perfectly subdued singer, but he could also declaim and emote like there was no tomorrow. He basically shouts his way through "Reach Out I'll Be There", "Bernadette" and "7 Rooms of Gloom". Which made him a natural for the role of Audrey II.
- Long Runner Lineup: One of the most famous examples in popular music, with the original lineup lasting from 1953 until Lawrence Peytons death in 1997, giving them 44 years.
- Revolving Door Band: Averted. Despite losing all but one original member, the groups lineup has actually been rather stable, with two of the replacements having been in the group for fifteen to twenty years as of 2020. Even the one who left was there for thirteen years, and his successor for nearly a decade now.
- "Sesame Street" Cred: The group made an appearance on Sesame Street, where they sing about crossing the street safely and then about waiting at the bus stop.
- Signature Move: They're known for a waggling dance where they move their torsos from side to side, often accompanied by a sidestep across the stage.
- Silly Love Songs: As a staple of Motown, this is a given.