- I've got sunshine, on a cloudy day
When it's cold outside, I've got the month of May
Well I guess you'd say
What can make me feel this way?
My girl (my girl, my girl)
Talkin' 'bout my girl (my girl)
-"My Girl", the Temptations' Signature Song.
The Temptations are one of the most iconic R&B groups of all time, as well as Motown's premier male vocal group in the 1960s, known for their distinct harmonies, choreography, and flashy wardrobe.
The group was formed in 1960 as a merge of two vocal groups: The Primes (the male counterpart to the Primettes, later known as The Supremes, consisting of Eddie Kendricks and Paul Williams; and The Elgins, consisting of Otis Williams, Melvin Franklin, and Elbridge "Al" Bryant. Shortly thereafter, they were signed to Motwon under the name "The Temptations".
Initially, they had several low charting singles before Al Bryant was fired for erratic behavior and replaced by David Ruffin....
And soon after, had their breakthrough hit with "The Way You Do The Things You Do", and soon had a string of hits written and produced by Smokey Robinson and then Norman Whitfield including "Ain't Too Proud To Beg", "Get Ready", "(I Know) I'm Losing You", and especially "My Girl". All things seemed well, except problems started brewing behind the scenes. Ruffin started vying for a bigger push (including changing the name to "David Ruffin and The Temptations") and was plagued by drug use and erratic behavior, culminating in his firing in 1968, to be replaced by Dennis Edwards. Kendricks was also in conflict with Otis and Franklin over the direction of the band, as well as contractual issues, which resulted him leaving in 1971, with Paul leaving not long after due to health issues, dying in 1973 due to an apparent suicide.
In the years following, they would go through various lineup changes, including a brief reunion with Kendricks and Ruffin in 1982, with varying degrees of success, but remained legends nonetheless, getting inducted onto the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame in 1989, and receiving the Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award in 2010, and were the subject of a miniseries in 1998.
Sadly though, many of the members have passed on, and by the mid 90s, only Otis was still living from the classic lineup; he and the estate of Melvin Franklin now own the group's name.
Principal Members (Founding members in bold;Current Members in italic):
- Larry Braggs:baritone(2016-Present)
- Elbridge "Al" Bryant:tenor(1960-63;d.1975)
- George Curtis "G.C." Cameron:baritone(2003-07)
- Ollie Cregett (Ali-Ollie Woodson): tenor (1984-87;1989-97;2002:d.2010)
- Ray Davis:bass(1994-85;d.2005)
- Dennis Edwards:tenor(1968-77;1980-84;1987-89;d.2018)
- David English (Melvin Franklin):bass(1960-95;his death)
- Willie Green:bass(2016-Present)
- Damon Harris:high tenor(1971-75;d.2013)
- Barrington "Bo" Henderson:baritone(1998-03)
- Walter "Joe" Herndon:bass(2003-15)
- Eddie Kendrick (Eddie Kendricks):high tenor(1969-71;1982;d.1992)
- Glenn Leonard:high tenor(1975-83)
- Harry Mc Gillberry:bass (1995-03;d.2006)
- Otis Miles, Jr. (Otis Williams):tenor/baritone(1960-Present)
- Ricky Owens:high tenor(1971;d.1996)
- Theo Peoples:baritone(1992-98)
- Louis Price:tenor(1977-80)
- Davis "David" Ruffin:tenor(1964-68;1982;d.1991)
- Richard Street:baritone(1971-92;d.2013)
- Ron Tyson:high tenor(1983-Present)
- Terry Weeks:tenor(1997-Present)
- Bruce Williamson:baritone(2007-15)
- Paul Williams:baritone(1960-71;d.1973)
My Tropes, Talkin Bout my tropes!:
- Addled Addict:
- David Ruffin was fired in part because of his cocaine addiction, which plagued his solo career and culminated in his death from an overdose.
- In his last months as a member, Paul increasingly struggled to perform due to his illness(he suffered from Sickle Cell Disease) and alcoholism, with his eventual replacement Richard Street lip-synching from backstage.
- Ain't Too Proud to Beg: The Trope Namer.
- Album Filler: As with most Motown releases early on, this was not unheard of.
- The Alcoholic: Al Bryant, which lead to his firing and eventual death from cirrhosis, and later Paul.
- Basso Profundo: Melvin is legendary for his resonant bass, which proved to be a key part of the group's sound, and is particularly highlight in his spotlight number, Ol Man River.
- Big Eater: Eddie, hence his nickname "Cornbread".
- The Constant: Since 1995, and as of 2018, Otis Williams is the only original member left.
- Cover Version: Several over the years, due to the occasional Album Filler that was the norm for early Motown records, as well as standards and the group's Christmas album.
- Christmas Songs: The Temptations' Christmas Card.
- Demoted to Extra: Paul Williams was the original lead singer of the group as well as the original choreographer, but both of these roles were given to others. However, he still played a key role in both areas until his illness and eventual departure.
- The Determinator:
- Otis, who has attempted to keep the group and name afloat at all costs.
- Melvin, who fought through physical problems to continue performing until he no longer could.
- Epic Instrumental Opener: A common feature of the psychedelic soul period, which led to conflicts between the group and Norman Whitfield.
- Grievous Bottley Harm: The final straw that led to Al Bryant being kicked out was an incident where he smashed a bottle in Paul's face when they were arguing about going on for an encore.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners:
- Eddie and Paul, who grew up together in Birmingham, and later, Eddie and David.
- Otis and Melvin, who closely led the band together until the latter's death.
- New Sound Album:
- The Temptations With a Whole Lotta Soul', their first with Norman Whitfield, represented a transition to a harder edge Soul sound as opposed to the doo wop flavored early records.
- Cloud Nine, in addition to being their first with Dennis Edwards, ushered in the group's Psychedelic Soul period that lasted until the mid 1970s.
- Old-School Chivalry: The subject of their latter day hit "Treat Her Like a Lady" with Ali-Ollie Woodson.
- Revisiting the Roots: After two years of specializing in uptempo numbers influenced by Psychedelic Rock, they released "Just My Imagination" in 1971, an elegant ballad more in line with their older work. It became one of their biggest hits.
- Revolving Door Band: They've had dozens of members throughout their career.
- Silly Love Songs: Their specialty early on their career.
- Step Up to the Microphone:
- Despite being the only consistent member, Otis' role has largely been on harmony vocals. However, he has on very rare occasions taken lead, such as "Don't Send Me Away" on Whole Lotta Soul and "I Ain't Got Nothin" on All Directions.