Charles Mingus, Jr (19221979) was a Jazz bassist, pianist and composer. Dubbed "The Angry Man of Jazz" for good reason, he was very hot-headed and outspoken about racism and civil rights, but also one of the most influential musicians and composers of jazz, covering the whole spectrum from 1940's big band music (he briefly played with, and was one of very few musicians to ever be fired by, Duke Ellington) through bebop up to free jazz and beyond, while still always keeping one foot grounded in blues and gospel traditions. Starting out as a classically trained cello player, and then discovering that there was no demand for a black cello player in The '40s, Mingus switched to bass and ended up becoming one of the most iconic bandleaders of the 1950's and 1960's alongside the likes of Miles Davis, John Coltrane and Charlie Parker, as well as one of the most ambitious composers. He's the first — and only, so far — jazz musician to have his entire (gigantic) catalog acquired by the Library of Congress.
Albums by Charles Mingus with their own page:
- Mingus Ah Um (1959)
Better Git Tropes in Yo Soul:
- But Not Too Black: Before becoming famous, Mingus — a mixture of African, Asian, Native American, and Northern European ancestries — got fired from a non-integrated "white" musicians' union after initially passing for Mexican.
- Dead Artists Are Better: Although he was a respected musician, his reputation as a genius really didn't take hold until after his death.
- Do Not Call Me "Paul": He wasn't fond of "Charles", but he hated being called "Charlie."
- Epic Rocking: Many of his songs go on for quite a bit, especially live. "Epitaph", a suite clocking in at 127 minutes, was never performed in full before his death. It carries all the complexity of Mingus' normal work, but just at an insane length.
- Less extreme than "Epitaph" but still noteworthy, Cornell 1964 has two songs that go on for around half an hour, and another three that go on for at least fifteen minutes. Two of the songs on Let My Children Hear Music break the ten-minute mark, and side two of The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady is a continuous suite that goes on for 18:39. Five of the six songs on Mingus at Antibes are longer than ten minutes, with the 14:05 "What Love?" standing out as the longest. The version of this last track on Charles Mingus Presents Charles Mingus is even longer, at 15:24; this album also contains the 13:08 "Folk Forms No. 1". Half the songs on Tijuana Moods also break the ten-minute mark, as do half the songs on Pithecanthropus Erectus (including the 14:54 "Love Chant"). Half the songs on The Clown break the twelve-minute mark. We could go on.
- Genius Bruiser / Hair-Trigger Temper: Mingus infamously got into fights with both musicians and others throughout his career. He was bullied as a kid and learned to fight back. In one incident, Mingus punched his trombonist in the mouth, breaking a tooth and permanently affecting his range and style.
- Instrumentals: Most of his music. In the case of "Fables of Faubus" this was due to Executive Meddling, as Columbia Records felt the lyrics were too political. A version with lyrics can be heard on Charles Mingus Presents Charles Mingus, which was released on the more independent Candid Records.
- Jazz Musicians Smash Basses: Once smashed a $20,000 bass after being heckled by the audience.
- Joni Mitchell: His last project was a collaboration with her on the album Mingus (1979).
- Lead Bassist: If not quite the Trope Codifier, then certainly one of the most iconic examples.
- New Sound Album: The Black Saint and the Sinner Lady introduced far more complex classical influences. Mingus Plays Piano is Exactly What It Says on the Tin.
- Pop-Star Composer: Composed the score for John Cassavetes' Shadows.
- Protest Song: Quite a few, especially for a musician who mostly worked with instrumental music; "Freedom", "Fables of Faubus", "Oh Lord, Don't Let Them Drop That Atomic Bomb on Me"...
- Re-release the Song: He would frequently retitle songs to be able to record new versions for different record companies.
- Self-Titled Album: Several, including Mingus Ah Um, Mingus!, Mingus Revisited and Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus Mingus.
- Sex God: According to himself, at least. In his autobiography, he claims to have had sex with 28 women in one night.
- Frank Zappa mentions Mingus as an influence in a list on his debut album Freak Out.
- Radiohead also cited him as an influence.
- The epic sound of "Theme From Turnpike", a song by dEUS from their album In a Bar, Under the Sea, is sampled from "Far Wells, Mill Valley" from "Mingus Dynasty" (1959). The band's lead singer, Tom Barman, is a huge fan of Mingus.
- Joni Mitchell called her last album "Mingus". He collaborated with her on it too. It would be his last work before his sudden death.
- Mingus is namedropped as an influence on the music of the album Radio by John Zorn and his band Naked City.
- Spoken Word in Music: "The Clown," featuring Jean Shepherd (the narrator of the film A Christmas Story).