Singer, songwriter, guitarist, bandleader, producer, and label owner Curtis Lee Mayfield (June 3, 1942 December 26, 1999) was a primary exponent of sweetly melodic, yet socially conscious soul/funk. He began his career with the Impressions, leading them through a series of upbeat love songs ("It's All Right") and soaring pleas for racial progress ("Keep On Pushing", "This Is My Country", "Choice of Colors"). He left the Impressions in the 1970s, to begin a solo career that saw his social conscience deepen. His best known achievement as a solo artist was the soundtrack to Super Fly. "Freddie's Dead" and the title track were his biggest solo hits.
Mayfield also wrote music for the movies Short Eyes, Lets Do It Again, and Sparkle. His popularity waned in the 1980s, and he was paralyzed from the neck down following an accident at an outdoor concert in 1990. Nevertheless, he recorded a final album, New World Order, in 1996. He died three years later from complications of diabetes; his last vocal performance was on the Bran Van 3000 song "Astounded", which would be released in 2001.
Tropes associated with Curtis Mayfield include:
- Blaxploitation: He was associated with this, thanks to Super Fly.
- Determinator: Mayfield, post-accident. Now a quadriplegic, he recorded his vocals for the New World Order album line by line, while lying on his back. It was the only way he could get enough air into his lungs to sing..
- Epic Rocking: "Move On Up" and "(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Gonna Go".
- Homage: The cover for his 1975 album There's No Place Like America Today is a tribute of sorts to a 1937 Margaret Bourke-White photo of black flood victims.
- Nice Hat: Mayfield wore lots of these in the 1970's.
- N-Word Privileges:
- With the Impressions: "Mighty Mighty (Spade and Whitey)"
- Solo: "Pusherman", "Future Shock", and "(Don't Worry) If There's a Hell Below, We're All Gonna Go".
- Shout-Out: One Love from Exodus (album) (1977) by Bob Marley & The Wailers shares a few lines from People Get Ready by The Impressions. Marley was a huge fan of the Impressions and Mayfield.