A landmark comedic Variety Show hosted by the folk music/comedy duo The Smothers Brothers (Tom and Dick Smothers), which ran on CBS from 196769.
Debuting in February 1967 as a sacrificial lamb of a production against NBC's powerhouse Bonanza on Sunday nights, the Comedy Hour soon became an outstanding hit that appealed increasingly across the demographics, but especially youth audiences who found it appealed especially to them.
Part of that appeal was a wry sense of humor that not only played on the Brothers' usual playful Sibling Rivalry musical shtick, but also on their increasingly fearless political satire along with as much ribald humor as they could get away with with great writers like Steve Martin. The former was especially apparent in Pat Paulsen's editorials, which eventually led to a mock presidential election bid in 1968.
The show was also noted for its musical guests, which included not only Hollywood stalwarts like Jimmy Durante, but emerging rock acts like The Who and The Doors. As such, the show gained enough clout that it was able to make moves like breaking the blacklist on the noted folk singer Pete Seeger and getting the first American screening of The Beatles' Music Video for their all-time biggest hit single, "Hey Jude". Staff writer Mason Williams even nabbed A Day in the Limelight, debuting his hit guitar instrumental "Classical Gas".
Unfortunately, this innovative and contemporary comedy and music all too often had to be hard won against CBS' Executive Meddling over the show's content. For instance, while the execs were okay with Seeger being on TV, his new Protest Song "Waist Deep in the Big Muddy" was a no-go and the Brothers had to fight to eventually get it on the air in a later broadcast. Before long, the show's staff and the network were butting heads continuously, with Tom Smothers growing ever more brazen and stubborn and network execs fielding complaints both from the President of the United States himself and more rural-oriented affiliates. Further, the show's good ratings had less sway with CBS than they would've had with a lower-rated network (and those ratings were beginning to fall anyway, due to the controversy and in competition with Rowan and Martin's Laugh-In on NBC).
Eventually, however, the execs lost all patience and abruptly pulled the show in June of 1969. The Brothers subsequently sued the network for breach of contract (the case was eventually ruled in their favor in 1973), and made several attempts to revive the format, but by then their peak time of cultural influence was over. Still, the Brothers had set a precedent for daring political humor that later shows like NBC's Saturday Night Live would take much further.
Not to be confused with The Smothers Brothers Show, a half-hour Fantastic Comedy produced by Four Star Television and airing during the 196566 season, which had Tom playing Dick's Guardian Angel. That show was notable not only for being CBS' last black-and-white sitcom, but also for Tom fighting with production execs for creative control (since, he felt, the show didn't play to the Brothers' strengths).
This series provides examples of:
- Boke and Tsukkomi Routine: Pretty much any time the Brothers tried to play a song straight, it turned into this.
- Draft Dodging: One of the Brothers' more notorious musical numbers was a great cover of Phil Ochs's "The Draft Dodger Rag" with George Segal, featuring glorious three-part harmony.
- Rockers Smash Guitars: The Who did plenty of that on their appearance in 1967, including smashing a prop guitar from Tom and Tom jokingly asking Dick if the band could have his double bass for a minute. Keith Moon topped it off by blowing up his drum kit.
- Sermonette: Comedian David Steinberg would deliver parody sermonettes on the show. One of these had the risqué line "They literally grabbed the Jews by the Old Testament", which is widely considered to have been The Last Straw that got the show cancelled.
- Take That!: The Brothers' on-air jabs against network censorship were notorious.
- The Brothers came back for a short-lived NBC series in 1975, two NBC specials in 1980, and a CBS series in the 198889 season.
- The pilot of the late-1980s run featured the Brothers in a helicopter on their way to do their first show. Dick is worried that CBS still holds a grudge against them, when Tom reassures him that everything has been forgiven between them and the network. Then sharpshooters on the roof of Television City start trying to take the copter down...
- The Un Favourite: Tom is his mother's least-favorite son (one of his catchphrases is "Mom always liked you best!") and doesn't seem to be as popular with guests of the show like Carl Reiner as his brother Dick.