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"Cursed, cursed creator!"
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Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus, usually abbreviated to Frankstein is a novel by Mary Shelley. It was originally published in 1818. It had a 1823 reprint without Shelley's involvement and a third edition in 1831, this time with significant edits from the author. Frankenstein is considered an Ur-Example of Science Fiction and inarguably has vast historical significance.

The novel tells of Dr. Victor Frankenstein who unlocks the secrets to Creating Life. He uses this knowledge to create an artificial man, larger and stronger than most mortals, by means which he chooses not to describe. While he is initially triumphant with his success, a few moments of observing the flailing and moaning patchwork being leaves Victor disgusted by and fearful of his creation. Realizing the ramifications of his success, he is horrified. He abandons the Creature and flees to his family's estate.

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In his absence, the Creature is forced to come to grips with suddenly finding itself alive and alone without explanation or guidance. He learns about humanity by watching a family cottage from afar, but is again driven off when he attempts to offer his friendship- one of many bad run-ins with humanity which leave the monster bitter and cynical. Eventually, the Creature comes to resent his creator, whom he views as his father, for abandoning the Creature to a life of torment, and decides to come home to seek vengeance against Frankenstein...

The subtitle, The Modern Prometheus, compares Victor Frankenstein to the Greek titan Prometheus, who brought the secret of fire from Mount Olympus to mortal men, reflecting on Frankenstein's spiritual would-be theft of the secret to creating life — but like Prometheus, Frankenstein also came to regret his transgression.note  Many would say that Frankenstein was the ultimate warning of Science Is Bad, though similar stories were common throughout the industrial revolution and it is not even clear whether the act of creating the Monster was bad in itself, if the world wasn't ready for it, or Frankenstein was just a horrible and abusive parent.

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The Vampyre by John William Polidori happened to be written around the same time, while both authors (along with her husband Percy Bysshe Shelley) stayed at a villa near Lake Geneva during the summer of 1816.

Frankenstein has had countless adaptations and unofficial sequels, beginning with a stageplay. Manga creator Junji Ito created one of the more faithful adaptations of the story in recent years. For a complete list of the films, see Frankenstein.


The novel provides examples of:

  • Adam and/or Eve: The monster tells his maker "I ought to be thy Adam." Word of God says that his name is Adam.
  • Adopt-a-Servant: Justine was adopted as a servant for the Frankenstein family when Victor was still a child.
  • The Aloner: The Monster, because everyone's so damn terrified of him.
  • Ambition Is Evil: Frankenstein warns Walton of ambition.
  • And Some Other Stuff: Frankenstein is deliberately vague about how he brought a sewn-together corpse to life. The sailor he's telling his story to tries to inquire further, but Frankenstein refuses because he doesn't want anyone else to replicate his experiment.
  • Angst Coma: Any time something bad happens, Victor seems to keel over into a months-long coma/sleep. And since it's Frankenstein, bad things happen a LOT.
  • Antagonist in Mourning: When the creature realizes that Victor has died, he calls Victor the "select specimen of all that is worthy of love and admiration", despite having pursued the man to his end.
  • Anti-Hero: While on the surface he may appear to be a decent man, Frankenstein is driven by ambition rather than morality. Indulging in the literature of ancient magicians, he contrives to build and bring to life a human being, ignoring the consequences such a task, if executed successfully, may unleash upon the world. And when that task is executed successfully, he runs from his creation in fear, leaving it to fend for itself. He then goes on to whine about all his misfortunes without even considering the misfortunes of others.
  • Anti-Villain: The creature.
  • Apocalyptic Log: The novel may or may not be one of these, depending on whether or not you think the sea captain who narrates the Framing Story will rescue his ship from the Arctic ice.
  • Artificial Family Member: Inverted. Immediately after giving the Monster life, Victor has a What Have I Done moment and essentially abandons it. It's the Monster who comes to see Victor as his "father," and is understandably upset about the way he's been treated. His response is to do everything he can to destroy Victor's life, though at the end he still winds up mourning his "father's" death.
  • Artificial Human: While it is stressed at certain points that the monster is an entirely unique species, he certainly has a human intelligence and personality.
  • Artificial Zombie: The Creature was pieced together from dead tissue by some (poorly-defined) means and given life.
  • As You Know: Frankenstein receives a letter from Elizabeth which tells him his own life story in nauseating detail. The letter also explains how servants are a different form of employee in his own country than in England. The phrase "You will recall..." pops up a few times. Likewise there's one that begins along the lines of, "I'm sure you remember our young maid, Justine, but in case you don't..."
  • Author Filibuster: During the scene in which Elizabeth and Victor are visiting the condemned Justine Moritz, Mary Shelley allows Elizabeth to go into a completely inappropriate rant against the inhumanity of the death penalty (Shelley and her husband Percy were strongly against it) - inappropriate for that dramatic moment, anyway, because Elizabeth is meant to be there comforting and consoling her friend who's just been condemned under the death penalty. This led one editor of the 1818 edition to remark that Elizabeth isn't the sort of friend you'd call on to cheer you up if you've had a bad day... the book has no fewer than three separate narrators (even more if you count the letters from family members that Victor quotes verbatim), and all of them to some degree deliver little sermons on topics that are only tangentially related to the novel's theme. Oddest of all, the story proper is recounted in the form of a series of letters written by (fictional) Arctic explorer Robert Walton, whose ship is trapped in ice as the novel begins (which, for modern-day readers, must amount to the greatest Fake-Out Opening in history). Mary, in fact, began writing her story with the creation of the monster itself but was encouraged by her husband to expand it to full length, belatedly adding Walton and all the rest.
  • Author Vocabulary Calendar: Shelley likes to use the words "benevolent," "wretch," and "countenance".
  • Beauty = Goodness:
    • Played straight with Elizabeth, Justine, and Henry.
    • Used for tragedy: The monster is a hideous ghoul stitched together from various corpses, yet is the most warm, kind-hearted character in the book... at first. The people he meets are unable to see past his exterior and, with the obvious exception of the blind man, assume his heart is as ugly as his face. Over time, this mistreatment twists him into the very thing people assume he is.
  • Beta Test Baddie: His murderous rage is fueled by being alone and universally hated on sight. He was fairly content until he discovered that everyone he met was horrified at the sight of him. He wanted company, and his creator refused to provide any. He's written as an intelligent and compassionate person at first, but becomes a nameless victim of What Measure Is a Non-Human?.
  • Blank Slate: The Creature is essentially "born" without any idea of what the outside world is like, especially since Victor ran out on him, because of his apparently hideous appearance... in fact, it's because of the disgusted reactions of others towards how he looks (the very negative reaction) that he starts to turn toward doing evil; no one will ever try to get to know the real him...
  • Blind and the Beast: The Creature tries to befriend a blind man, and it works! Except the man's family returns and casts out the Creature before he can explain himself.
  • Body Horror: The Creature's appearance is apparently so horrifying that one look makes everyone who sees him – including his own creator – want to destroy him. Oddly enough, at least in one version of the novel, Victor describes the monster's body pre-animation as beautiful, save for its horribly unsettling eyes, so it may not be ugly so much as Uncanny Valley (which is implied when Frankenstein describes when the monster starts moving).
  • Brain Fever: Frankenstein has at least three bouts that last months, one of which was brought on by seeing his own monster. And the others from seeing its victims.
  • Bruiser with a Soft Center: The Creature is hinted to be this: all he wants to do is love humans. However, since everyone views him as a grotesque, hulking monster, everyone is scared of him and either runs away or attacks him on sight. When he hides in the shed of a family for several chapters he explains that he feels love and compassion for them; too bad that when he reveals himself to the family, they immediately attack him and drive him away. Over the course of the book, he begins to hate all humans, but still ambivalently wishes to help them, such as when he saves a girl from drowning in a stream.
  • Byronic Hero: Both Victor Frankenstein and the Creature. Given that Lord Byron himself was present at the novel's inception, both this novel and its "brother", John Polidori's The Vampyre, which was a massive Take That! at Byron after his behaviour on the trip, could be considered the Trope Makers outside Byron's own work.
  • Calling the Old Man Out: The point of the monster's meeting with Victor is to do this.
  • Cannot Spit It Out: Victor keeps the monster a secret, justifying this by saying that people wouldn't believe him anyway or call him mad. He still refuses to divulge the truth when Justine is tried for the monster's actions and eventually executed.
  • Central Theme:
    • The conflict between creator and creation, parent and child.
    • The terrible consequences of Playing God, and the true meaning of responsibility.
    • Romanticism Versus Enlightenment: If one is able to create life artificially, should they? When you create something, how much control do you maintain over it? (The latter is a timeless theme. Think about scientists that establish concepts either benevolently or neutrally that are horrified to find out that they have been adapted as a weapon, etc.)
  • Character Filibuster: By technicality. The story is supposed to be Frankenstein narrating his story to the captain of the ship that rescued him from the ice. When the POV switches to the Creature, it's in the form of the Creature telling Frankenstein his tale, which Frankenstein repeats back in his own tale. The technical literary term for this is a hypodiegetic narrative, making the Creature's monologue within Frankenstein's monologue within Walton's monologue a hypohypodiegetic narrative. There's one to impress your English teacher!
  • Charles Atlas Superpower: The Creature. The monster's immense strength comes from his size and muscles.
  • Childhood Friend Romance: Victor and Elizabeth were raised together because of her father's tragic fate and his mother decided to invoke this trope. More so since they were step-siblings. Or cousins depending on the edition. Tragically, their marriage was short-lived.
  • Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: Victor notes that, with his wife, baby brother and best friend murdered and his father dead from grief, he has lost every important person left in his life. ...Except wait, didn't he have another brother named Ernest? Did the monster get him too, or was he the Sole Survivor?
  • Creating Life: It is left ambiguous whether creating the creature was actually a bad thing or not. The creature suffers (and subsequently causes suffering to his creator), not because it was created but because the creator abandoned it afterwards. The story can be read in in many ways, unlike most of the (usually extremely heavy-handed) genre it spawned.
    • Is Doctor Frankenstein a bad scientist (who did a bad experiment), a bad father (who abandoned the son he had created), or a bad God (who cast out his creation at first provocation... Just like the Yahveh of The Bible, but unlike the Allah of The Qur'an - who instead forgave Adam and sent him out as a prophet rather than an outcast)? Well, that's something you'll just have to decide for yourself. Most re-tellings of the story will make the choice for you, however, by simply declaring that Science Is Bad, period, and putting Always Chaotic Evil stamps all over the place.
  • Creating Life Is Bad: The Creature probably the Trope Codifier of this in modern thought, despite the fact that the loaded term "monster" was applied to it retroactively (he is only referred as the "Creature" in the original novel), and that the book never actually portrays the act of creating life as evil — instead, it is the act of Frankenstein abandoning his own creation that drives it to evil actions. Shelley had never argued against creating life, only against humanity refusing to take responsibility for what they create. Nonetheless, genetic engineering controversies are very likely to invoke the Frankenstein's Monster archetype in arguments (an example is how genetically-modified foods are referred to as "frankenfoods"). In-universe, he was not beautiful, though he was meant to be so:
    How can I describe my emotions at this catastrophe, or how delineate the wretch whom with such infinite pains and care I had endeavoured to form? His limbs were in proportion, and I had selected his features as beautiful. Beautiful! Great God! His yellow skin scarcely covered the work of muscles and arteries beneath; his hair was of a lustrous black, and flowing; his teeth of a pearly whiteness; but these luxuriances only formed a more horrid contrast with his watery eyes, that seemed almost of the same color as the dun-white sockets in which they were set, his shriveled complexion and straight black lips.
  • Cruel Mercy: Implied. After Frankenstein's death, the monster himself explains how letting the monster live would have been more satisfying revenge than killing it outright, since forcing it to live alone and in the guilt of its crimes would be torturous.
  • Cycle of Revenge: The Creature seeks revenge on Victor for abandoning him, causing Victor to hate him in return. Basically, one act of hate leads to the other retaliating in kind until Victor dies a miserable man and the Monster is so horrified by what he had become that he commits suicide.
  • Death of a Child: The Monster starts a vengeful killing spree against his creator, Victor Frankenstein, by brutally killing the man's little kid brother William.
  • Death by Flashback: Almost the entirety of the novel is a flashback narrated by Victor Frankenstein to the explorer Walton. He dies not long after finishing his tale. There's also a possible aversion here, as the Monster narrates a flashback within a flashback, and his fate is left ambiguous at the end. He says he's going to kill himself, but we don't see it happen.
  • Do Androids Dream?: The creature is constructed from undescribed processes and given life by the scientist Victor Frankenstein. He is described as having a monstrous appearance but is presented as an extremely intelligent, gentle and sympathetic character until driven to insane rage by his rejection from humanity because of his appearance. On the other hand, Frankenstein himself is portrayed as morally questionable but his basic humanity is never questioned by those around him because of his normal appearance.
  • Downer Ending: Victor Frankenstein dies on Walton's ship without ever taking revenge on the monster for his murders of William, Henry and Elizabeth (as well as Justine being wrongfully executed as a result of the monster framing her). The monster visits Walton, expresses regret for his murders, and leaves to commit suicide.
  • Dramatically Missing the Point: After Frankenstein breaks his promise to make the monster a bride, the monster tells him, "I'll be with you on your wedding night." Frankenstein thinks the monster means he'll kill him on his wedding, and after the wedding, waits outside his honeymoon cottage with a loaded shotgun, waiting for the monster to come, with Elizabeth waiting in the room. But the monster meant he would kill Elizabeth on the night of their wedding, and does so when Frankenstein is outside waiting.
  • Either/Or Title: The full title is Frankenstein; or, The Modern Prometheus
  • Exact Words: The Creature; upon hearing Victor say, "Just go! I cannot bear to look at you any longer!" he covers Victor's eyes with his hand and says, "Now you don't have to look at me."
  • False Confession: Justine falsely confesses to killing William, convinced that if she doesn't, she'll go to Hell after she's executed.
  • Final Speech: Frankenstein at the end, in which he warns Walton not to be too ambitious and seek happiness instead.
  • For the Evulz: While making the Creature's mate, Frankenstein worries that she might start killing people with this justification.
  • For Science!: Victor's initial motivation for the Monster's creation, though mixed with personal motives due to the recent death of his mother.
  • Framing Device: Taken to the extreme when you take into consideration that you're reading Walton's letter to his sister recounting Victor's story recounting his Creature's monologue. This particular form (through Walton's letters) is called an epistolary frame. Even more absurd, the story is supposedly a single letter of more than two hundred pages.
  • Frankenstein's Monster: Trope Namer and Maker.
  • Gone Horribly Right: Essentially the theme of the novel. You may succeed at your goal of furthering human knowledge and understanding, but it will destroy you.
  • Gratuitous Laboratory Flasks: Just about any given cover will have this in full effect. The Bernie Wrightson edition of Frankenstein goes one step further; all depictions of Victor Frankenstein's work area throughout the book are so chock full of glassware that they can serve no practical purpose to Frankenstein whatsoever, and, indeed, seem to play no role in his work.
  • Grey-and-Gray Morality: Victor against his creation. Victor himself is a Mad Scientist who abandoned his creation and shows no sympathy for any the abuse he has been subjective to, as well as constantly dehumanising him, but also the creature is said to be so hideous it can cause seizures merely by looking at it, which does well explain (albeit not necessarily justify) the initial reaction, and he was genuinely trying to pursue his discovery in the name of science. The creature, however, kills Victors family merely to spite Victor, and is driven to become generally aggressive towards humanity, however it was indeed driven towards this by much abuse due merely to its appearance and the aforementioned Parental Abandonment. Interestingly Victor also kills the monster's bride in front of it, so they are both guilty of that particular crime, right down to forcing the other to watch. Both have sympathetic moments are generally tragic figures, but neither is exactly morally upstanding.
  • Have a Gay Old Time: Shelley's name for the monster, "the Creature", nowadays feels synonymous with "monster", but in fact was meant to invoke "something that is created".
  • The Hero Dies: Victor dies of illness on Walton's ship.
  • Hubris: A central theme.
  • Humans Are the Real Monsters: Not really. The Monster picks up this ideal towards the end, but realizes how wrong he is. Also subverted when he was observing the family towards the beginning — especially when the blind grandfather started to warm up to him.
  • Idiot Ball:
  • Informed Ability: Throughout the story, we're told how noble and wonderful Victor Frankenstein is, but we never see any of it. His actions in the story make him out to be shallow, irresponsible and self-centred.
  • Ironic Name: Victor. He declared himself victorious over death itself. He was.
  • Instant Expert: The Creature learns to speak and read French in less than a year of watching a family teach a foreigner. After just a few months he's already good enough to read Paradise Lost! (May be justified by Victor having him made from the get-go with "adult hardware," so to speak, which would've made it easier to learn things quickly.)
    • Further evidenced by the Creature tracking the undeniably brilliant, well-connected, and well-funded Victor to the ends of the Earth while avoiding notice or winning over those frightened by his appearance.
  • Intelligence = Isolation: Victor intentionally isolated himself in order to pursue his intellectual interests.
  • Jacob Marley Warning: Victor serves as a warning to Walton, who is in danger of becoming as obsessed with his exploration as Victor was with the science that led to the creation of his monster.
  • Kissing Cousins: Victor Frankenstein and his fiancee Elizabeth are cousins who were raised in the same household. In the 1831 edit of the book, Elizabeth was an orphan, originally the daughter of a Milanese merchant. She was fostered by a poor Italian family and adopted by the Frankensteins.
  • Lamarck Was Right: Frankenstein destroys the half-formed she-Creature that he was building for the monster because he feared that the two would breed a race of terrifying creatures like themselves and take over the world.
  • Lightning Bruiser: Unlike his movie counterpart, the Creature in the book is both superhumanly strong and agile.
  • Made of Iron: The monster can survive much harsher conditions than a normal human.
  • Maker of Monsters: Frankenstein is an unbuilt examples of this. In the novel, he does not try to create a monster — he attempted to simply restore a dead body to life, and created a man who was "wrong" in an unspecified way. That his creation went on to murder several people, including himself, is treated as a tragic outcome. However, later adaptations of the story often portray him as much more actively desiring to create an openly monstrous entity.
  • Miles to Go Before I Sleep: By the end of his narrative, Victor is miserable enough to become a Death Seeker, but he promised himself and his dead family that he'd kill the monster first. Unfortunately for him the monster just happens to be really, really good at not being killed.
  • Miscarriage of Justice: The Creature frames Justine for the murder of Victor's young brother, and she's executed.
  • Mother Nature, Father Science: Elizabeth expresses more of an interest in the arts and philosophy, while her cousin Victor pours all his energy into the study of alchemy and the physical sciences.
  • Moustache de Plume: Mary Shelley first published the book anonymously, which left readers to assume she was male. And with good reason: upon her reveal, literary critics of the time actually downgraded the book based on her gender.
  • My God, What Have I Done?:
    • The monster in the end, as he realizes that, after killing all those people and his "father", he finally became the monster the world thought him.
    • Victor himself, from Chapter 5 onward.
  • Nature vs. Nurture: Frankenstein believes the monster is naturally evil, but the monster believes that he became evil due to Frankenstein's immediate abandonment of him (and he's shown to be right).
  • Nested Story: The family on whom the monster is spying is telling a story, within the monster's story to Frankenstein, who is in turn recounting the story to the captain of a ship bound for the North Pole, who is in turn relates it in a letter.
  • Never My Fault / The Unapologetic: Victor, who even on his death bed condemns himself for creating the Creature, but exonerates all of his subsequent actions.
  • No Name Given: The monster doesn't have a name, though Shelley apparently called him "Adam" in letters to friends.
  • No Good Deed Goes Unpunished: The Creature gets shot in the shoulder for saving a little girl from drowning.
  • Not Blood Siblings: Victor and Elizabeth. They were raised as siblings, but, at least, depending on the edition, are cousins.
  • Obliviously Evil: The Creature, initially.
  • Only a Flesh Wound: Averted; when the Creature gets shot in the shoulder, he faints, and it took weeks for him to recover. And he's much stronger and tougher than the average human.
  • Orwellian Retcon: Mary Shelley revised the novel heavily between its original release and its first rerelease, making it less ambiguous whether the Creature was evil by the end or not.
  • Out-of-Genre Experience: The Creature learns French by secretly observing a woman being taught the language. We get a lot more detail on her backstory than is necessary.
  • Punny Name: The name 'Victor' is actually a sneaky reference to Paradise Lost (a big influence on the story), as Milton often refers to God as 'the Victor'. Then the Monster equates himself with Adam....
  • Purple Prose: Suffers from this in parts.
    • It's more like ultraviolet prose. So much so, that the highlighter across the room is glowing like a portable sun.
    • This is probably due to Percy Shelley's revisions, which changed Mary's prose to be as unnecessarily complicated and melodramatic as possible. For instance, he changed "I do not wish to hate you" to "I will not be tempted to set myself in opposition to thee."
  • Pyrrhic Villainy: The creature succeeds in completely ruining Victor's life And Victor also dies before he had his chance to take his revenge against him. However, as the story reaches its conclusion, he is not only as lonely and miserable as he always was, but also filled with so much regret that decides to commit suicide at the end of book.
  • "The Reason You Suck" Speech: Walton gives one to the Creature, in response to the latter's expressing remorse over Frankenstein's death.
    "Your repentance is now superfluous. If you had listened to the voice of conscience and heeded the stings of remorse before you had urged your diabolical vengeance to this extremity, Frankenstein would yet have lived."
  • Revenge by Proxy: The Creature decides to get revenge on Frankenstein for its own wretched existence by making him suffer, so he kills Frankenstein's youngest brother, followed by his greatest friend, and then on Frankenstein's wedding day, the monster strangles his bride.
  • Rousing Speech: Victor Frankenstein gives an epic one to the soldiers on Walton's boat near the end when he wants them to continue northward. This ultimately goes nowhere, as after Victor dies, both Walton and his men know that it would mean almost certain death to continue on their journey.
  • Satanic Archetype: After reading Paradise Lost, the Monster identifies himself with the Devil. After all, both are wretched creations who come to rebel against their masters.
  • Scenery Porn: It is from the Romantic period, after all. Particular highlights include Victor's walk into the Alps at the end of Volume 1, scenes on Walton's ship in the Arctic, and the cottage owned by the de Lacey family that the Monster shelters near.
  • Sesquipedalian Loquaciousness: A modern reader should keep a dictionary within arm's reach while reading the original text.
  • Sinister Minister: It's a Catholic priest who forces Justine to confess to a murder she didn't commit, which ends up getting her executed and sends Victor into a fit of grief and remorse. It also prevents any further investigation into the actual murderer, who Victor assumes to be his monster.
  • Smite Me, O Mighty Smiter!: Homeward bound from Ingolstadt, depressed Victor walks outside into a thunderstorm one night, and screams at the sky.
  • Stern Chase: After all of Victor's family and friends are killed, he ends up in a lengthy pursuit of his creation, eventually reaching the Arctic. This is where Walton finds him.
  • Then Let Me Be Evil: The Creature, after he's had enough abuse and mistreatment.
  • These Are Things Man Was Not Meant to Know: The dark knowledge that Victor learns to use to create his monster.
  • They Called Me Mad!: What Frankenstein fears they'll do if he tells people about the monster. They do call Frankenstein mad later, but to their credit, he had been delusional with Brain Fever for a time.
  • Tortured Monster: The monster is a very intelligent Creature that is fully aware of how hideous and repulsive he is. Anything wrong he does is borne entirely out of bitterness from how people treat him.
  • Tragic Monster: It doesn't get more tragic than the Creature. Created and immediately abandoned by its creator for being ugly, before it even really wakes up. Made innocent, his nature is soon twisted by circumstance into something horrible and evil, alone, wretched and violent. The worst part, however, is that he knows exactly how wicked he has become but knows he cannot change. After he has succeeded in destroying his creator during a hunt in the frozen wastes of the Arctic, he mourns the doctor's death. The Creature decides to end his own existence by building a funeral pyre for himself and climbing on top of it.
  • Unbuilt Trope:
    • This was one of the first major "monster stories". But going back and reading it now, after growing up exposed to generic Frankenstein's Monster stereotypes where it wanders around aimlessly, groans, and kills people, one may be a bit surprised to find an urbane woobie of a monster who is in many ways more sympathetic than his creator and quotes liberally from literature. He also carries firearms for self-protection. The Monster is specifically described as relatively human. The main things that make him appear inhuman are his height and his eyes, and his arteries visibly pumping beneath his skin, and it's decidedly ambiguous whether Frankenstein's true crime was creating the monster or a form of Parental Abandonment. And although it's up for a lot of interpretation, the monster is probably not Always Chaotic Evil.
    • Also, there's no Igor or peasants waving Torches and Pitchforks while running up to the castle—or for that matter (with occasional exceptions) any public knowledge of the thing at any point. And there is no proper castle; the monster is created in an upper-floor laboratory of a university. The Frankenstein family has an estate, but it's never stated as to how extravagant or not it is in size.note 
    • The physical abilities are also subject to this: the typical view of the Creature is that he is slow and inarticulate, with only physical strength that it possesses little control over. In contrast, the Creature in the book is strong, agile, and quite dexterous; as noted above, he also knows how to use firearms by the end.
  • Uncanny Valley: invoked An in-universe example: Frankenstein explains that he had to make the creature 8 feet tall to successfully construct the tiniest parts of him. The result is a monster that everyone is scared of at first glance, including the creature itself.
    • And as mentioned above, the monster was constructed to be Tall, Dark, and Handsome, and despite the beauty; upon the Monster's rejuvenation, Victor was repulsed because of this trope.
  • Unreliable Narrator: Victor portrays his family as the perfect happy family at first, but if you pay attention he contradicts himself in a few places and the Frankenstein family doesn't look so happy after all.
  • Vengeance Feels Empty: The Creature sets out to destroy the life of his creator Victor Frankenstein after the latter destroys the female Creature he was building for him, fearing that their new race would replace humanity. When he murders Victor's wife, Victor starts to hunt the Creature to the literal ends of the Earth before dying from exposure in the Arctic. The Creature visits his Father after his death, but realizes that he has no more purpose in this world and chooses to commit suicide.
  • Victorian Novel Disease: A pre-Victorian example exists through Victor's nervous illness that he comes down with after the horrifying night where he creates the monster.
  • What Happened to the Mouse?: invoked At the end, Victor's brother Ernest is left unaccounted for; the entire rest of the Frankenstein family is dead.
  • Women Are Wiser: The women of the novel are all beautiful, religious, intelligent, gentle, and far happier than any of the men. Interestingly, when Victor starts creating a female monster for the Creature, it occurs to him that the female monster will be just as intelligent as the male, and has neither made any promises to abstain from violence, nor consented to be the Creature's bride. He even ponders the idea that she will rebel against the two of them trying to control her, creating a second angry crime against nature. The She-Creature is never even completed, but Frankenstein imagines her more complexly than any other female character.
  • Year X: The dates in the letters are written as 17—.
  • You Need to Get Laid: The Creature requests that Victor make him a female companion, and in exchange he and his Bride will go off somewhere and never bother anyone again.

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