As an audience, we know that a doomed character can be saved at the last minute. There's always an 11th-Hour Superpower, Deus ex Machina, or Big Damn Heroes moment to rescue them. Other times, we get an on-screen death, or even a Fate Worse than Death. Very rarely, though, characters can be left in limbo; there's still a last minute, but we never see what happens after that.
This trope is the fate of any character who possibly didn't make it, but is never actually proven dead. This can happen at any point in a story, but happens so frequently at the end that we have tropes devoted specifically for that situation. Rule of thumb: if Uncertain Doom occurs at the ending of an entire work, it's probably a Bolivian Army Ending. If Uncertain Doom happens at the end of an installment of the work (like a novel or season), it's probably a Bolivian Army Cliffhanger.
Asking the creators for clarity usually will get you nowhere, as they often aren't entirely sure themselves. And if they do confirm the character's death, the ambiguity of this trope allows them to get away with bringing the character back anyway should they change their minds.
When the audience doesn't even know if the characters are in danger, see Chuck Cunningham Syndrome and What Happened to the Mouse?. If Fridge Logic leads fans to assume this happened to one of the good guys, it can result in an Inferred Holocaust.
A Super Trope to:
- Bolivian Army Ending - When an entire work ends with The Heroes almost certainly going down in a blaze of glory.
- Bolivian Army Cliffhanger - As above, but restricted to a single plot arc, and sometimes (but not always) gets resolved later.
- Never Found the Body - Everyone assumes a character is dead, but there's no conclusive evidence (like a corpse) to prove it.
- Our Hero Is Dead - The main character dies... except not really.
However, the last two tropes tend to resolve the uncertainty of who's actually dead and who's still alive, as long as the next installment is made.
Compare He's Just Hiding!, where the character is almost definitely dead.
- Arachnid introduces the protagonist of the Caterpillar prequel midway through the story only to have her defeated from a backstab soon after. The scene plays out in such a way that the readers couldn't tell for sure if she actually died and then the story completely forgets about her. Furthermore, most of the characters are left for dead by the end of the series. Japan is put through a Zombie Apocalypse spread through rape, with the goal of depopulating the country once all the mindless infected die from starvation. Other than Gokiburi and Kabutomushi the fate of everyone else is left unknown, with a few like Dinoponera, Geji and Kamadouma having been unceremoniously infected offscreen. Even main character Alice was last seen charging alone against the zombie hordes to vent off the stress from all the trauma she endured through the story.
- In Berserk a few of the characters who are only in one arc and who don't join Gut's party or go the Griffith's Falconia are classified as this. Theresia from the Black Swordsmen arc swore revenge on Guts for getting her monster father killed- but she has never been seen again. More tragically Jill in the Lost Children arc has to return to her abusive home life as Guts refused to let her go with him as she would be in danger, but since the entire world of Berserk is now dangerous if she didn't travel to Falconia she'd likely be killed by the numerous creatures that roam wild.
- Nina and Joachim from the Conviction arc they survived the destruction of Albion and went off alone together to make themselves better people, unfortunately we don't see them in Falconia and as said above there are monsters everywhere so their chances of survival are minimal.
- Harribel gets captured when the Wandenreich invades Hueco Mundo, and is never seen again, even after they are defeated.
- Cang Du and BG9 receive punishment from Jugram for losing in their fights. Jugram is able to No-Sell Cang's abilities and kill or at least badly injure him, but the scene cuts away before we see what happens to BG9. Neither are mentioned again following this.
- At the end of their fight with Askin, Urahara and Yoruichi are apparently unable to escape when their opponent unleashes a final "Gift Ball" on them. While Nel is seen trying to rescue them, they are never mentioned in the ending.
- Dragon Ball: Monster Carrot and the Rabbit mob, after defeating them Goku takes them to the moon via Power Pole and forces them to make Mochi for the kids of Earth for a whole year and then he promises he come up and bring them down. However Master Roshi destroyed the moon in the World Martial Arts Tournament to revert Goku from Great Ape. So fans assumed they were killed, but then Toriyama (when asked) states that Monster Carrot and his henchmen are drifting through space.
- In E's Otherwise, Kai Kudo is not seen alive or dead after the explosion in the final episode.
- In GaoGaiGar FINAL, The entire crew, minus Mamoru and Kaido, is left in a collapsing universe, sacrificing their only (known) way out to save the kids.
- JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Part 3 does this with some of the Stand users. While some are confirmed dead (including Gray Fly, Fake Capatin Tennille, Forever, Devo, J. Geil, Pet Shop, and Vanilla Ice), some are confirmed alive (Mannish Boy, Boingo and Oingo, Mariah, and Hol Horse), and there are some whose fate are uncomfirmed. Among those whose fates are uncomfirmed, there are two of them who are highly implied to be dead as they don't get up. They are Steely Dan (whose been punched even more times than Forever and did not get up) and Rubber Soul.
- Kantai Collection: Shouhou is last seen in a great fire, with her final fate never laid out clearly.
- One Piece: this happened a lot to villains in the East Blue arc and a few times afterwards, it's a better alternative than having the Strawhats (the heroes) outright murder the bad guys which goes against their lifestyle. Though Oda did show showing certain antagonists (like Baroque Works and CP9) surviving though cover stories, plus many former villains return in the Impel Down arc to help Luffy free Ace and fight the Marines.
- Axe-Hand Morgan the former Marine captain was thought to be killed by Zoro by one fan until Oda corrected him by saying he was arrested, Morgan appeared in Coby's cover story where he escaped and then he was never seen again. In the Zou arc some of the Fan Dumb thought Jack would turn out to be Morgan thanks the first glimpse of Jack showed him having a steel jaw/mouth covering but this turned out not to be true and Morgan is still AWOL.
- Kuro and the Black Cat Pirates (the exception of Jango) are also nowhere to be seen after Luffy defeats Kuro and they flee Usopp's village, the anime shows Kuro having returned to his pirate life and reacting dispassionately to Luffy's first bounty poster. Many fans hope Kuro will return at some point, as he is Usopp's Shadow Archetype.
- Don Krieg, Gin and Krieg Pirates don't appear again after the Baratie arc, Gin had just breathed in a lethal dose of poisonous gas and told Sanji he might have not long to live but hoped to see him again on the Grand Line... which didn't happen.
- The Arlong Pirate's fate is very ambiguous, the anime mistakenly has Arlong accuse Zoro and Sanji of "killings his brethren" after they defeat Hatchan and Kuroobi. But in a cover story is shown Hatchan escaping from the Marine ship that had arrested the Fishmen but Arlong, Kuroobi and Chew on the other hand haven't been seen again outside flash backs nor did they show up in Impel Down with the rest of the incarcerated villains.
- The fate of the Priests in Skypeia is very obscure, Gedatsu fell back to Blue Sea and opened up a hot springs resort but the other three Satori, Shura and Ohm aren't so lucky. Satori took Sanji's Concasse (axe kick) to the skull and is never seen getting up again in the Funimation dub Sotori and Kotori (Satori's brothers) say that he was killed and want revenge, which further confuses it. Then Shura gets blasted by Wiper's reject dial to the chest and Ohm was sliced down by Zoro's Pound Cannon and like Satori don't get up again. Even if they survived that, the Shandia banished them and rest of Enel's forces to a drifting cloud which means they will stay on this cloud until they all die or the cloud dissolves and fall down into Blue Sea which would kill them as well.
- Yorki, Brook's friend and captain is not killed along with the rest of the Rumbar Pirates as he had fallen ill prior and was last reported traveling across the Calm Belt which is a sea full of sea monsters and even if he crossed safely that was 90 years ago. So if Yorki didn't die of his sickness or wasn't eaten by a sea king he'd be a very old man, though it would be heart warming if he met Brook or Laboon again.
- Shiki and Golden Lion Pirates from Strong World have a status of "unknown" but since they fell unconscious from their collapsing island and Shiki at least had a devil fruit... they're likely dead.
- Tokyo Ghoul concludes with considerable ambiguity concerning the fates of several characters. Hide is considering a missing person, and last seen with a hallucinating Kaneki who may or may not have eaten him. Aogiri has kidnapped numerous wounded Investigators and will be experimenting on them. And finally, Koma and Irimi were last seen headed to V14, where Arima later slaughters a large number of Ghouls. It is unknown whether or not they were among the dead.
- Another Batman case, the Legends of the Dark Knight character Cavalier chooses a Bolivian Army-esque Suicide by Cop as an honorable end.
- Marvel Zombies vs. Army of Darkness ends with Ash escaping the zombie-infested dimension via Dr. Doom's portal only to end up in a dimension inhabited by werewolf superheroes, and the last frame is a shot of them running after him. Qualifies as a Bolivian Army Ending for Ash, but the crossover is a prequel for the entire Marvel Zombies universe.
- Transformers Armada: Comic, The Destruction Mini-con team, who've been a thorn in Megatron's side, are absent when all the mini-cons are gathered together. When asked, Megatron says that they're "better off without them." The author, Simon Furman, mentions that Megatron strapped them to a rocket and shot them into the sun, which was an empty threat he made to Cyclonus earlier in the cartoon, leaving their fates ambiguous.
- Hooded Justice from Watchmen simply vanished from public view. Ozymandias theorizes that the Comedian killed him, but the truth may never be known.
- In A Far Green Country, chapter 12, orcs surround and trap Surad and Durus, but Elden does not see their deaths. The orcs have orders to kill, so they probably do kill Surad and Durus, but their deaths are not certain.
- In Pokémon Reset Bloodlines, Ash's Squirtle declares himself the Sole Survivor of the Squirtle Squad. A sidestory reveals that he was separated from them by a cave in during an ambush in an underground route, and believes they were all buried alive. However, The Stinger of that sidestory reveals that at least one of them survived.
- RainbowDoubleDash's Lunaverse: In Nightmares Yet to Come, one chapter ends with Duke Greengrass being beaten up by the story's main villains, with their leader explaining that he's a Wild Card who needs to be taken out of the picture. And then Greengrass recognises him... the chapter ends with him being knocked out, but confirmation on just what these villains ultimately did.
- Fidget, a bat with a crippled wing in The Great Mouse Detective is thrown out of Ratigan's airship. He's unable to fly and falls into the river Thames. While he seems to have died in the film, Disney Adventures magazine later published a comic where Fidget is Olivia's streetwise sidekick and helps her solve crimes.
- Ramses' fate from The Prince of Egypt; the last we see of him is after his army is swept away by the waves. He survives and is stranded on a rock in the middle of the ocean cursing Moses. The implication is he either eventually starved to death or was swept away by the tide.
- Alexander Nevsky does not ultimately show the fate of the German Bishop. He is last seen lying down on the ice before it breaking and drowning the Teutonic Knights. As he is not seen with the arrested leaders afterwards, it can be assumed he drowned along with the majority of the knights.
- Often played with Barnaby in the Babes in Toyland films. In the live action Disney film, he is stabbed by Tom and falls from a great height into an open toybox, from which he never emerges. The only reason this is debated is because publicity stills show him being forced into a birdcage and imprisoned in it, however, this happens in place of the stabbing in this version so it is an alternate ending. In the animated film, Barnaby Crookedman is last seen being chased by goblins as revenge for insulting their king shortly after his death.
- Drive: The lead character is stabbed in the chest and nearly disemboweled by the Big Bad near the end of the film. The last time we see the Driver, he stirs (after initially appearing to be dead) and drives off, but it is left unclear whether he'll survive his injuries or not.
- The main character of Event Horizon gets sucked into a Hell dimension along with the titular haunted spaceship.
- The ending of Ex Machina sees Caleb trapped inside of Nathan's facility as Ava escapes without him, the ultimate test of her abilities. While the film doesn't show anything one way or the other, Caleb's hundreds of miles from help with no one coming to look for him, in a facility without any power. The most the audience gets to see is Caleb trying and failing to break down a window with a chair.
- In Flash Gordon, Ming the Merciless is impaled, and disintegrates himself with his ring. However, the final scene shows a hand picking up the ring, with an evil laugh. It is unclear whether this is Ming or someone else entirely; however, it does not look like Ming's hand.
- Justice League: Steppenwolf's Parademons turn on and start feasting on him, but a Boom Tube teleports him and them away so he may have survived, albeit likely badly injured. That said, Darkseid tends not to take failure well.
- Kingdom of Heaven: The Grand Master of the Templar Order, who often accompanied Raynald de Chatillon during his massacres of Muslim caravans, is last seen marching with other crusaders against Saladin and his army. Because all the crusaders start dying of thirst and exhaustion, their army is annihilated and Raynald and Guy de Lusignan are taken captive. It is unclear if the Grand Master died with crusaders, as he was not seen being taken captive as well. According to historical facts, the Grand Master was Gerard de Rideford and he did survive the battle and was simply taken prisoner.
- The Lord of the Rings does not make it clear what happens with the Watcher in the Water after it goes after the fellowship. We see that it tears down the ground, trapping the fellowship in Moria. It isn't clear if the stones crashed it to death, or if it merely stayed behind after trapping the fellowship.
- The theatrical cut of Return of the King does not show leader of orcs, Gothmog's ultimate fate. He is last seen backing away while soldiers of Rohann approach. It is implied he is killed as they start killing orcs. Ultimately subverted when the extended edition got released and it made it clear that Gothmog died during the battle (though it was much later than theatrical version made us believe).
- The Hobbit: Thráin, as mentioned in the page quote. Subverted in a deleted scene from The Desolation of Smaug, where we learn Thráin was captured by Sauron; Gandalf finds him shortly before he dies.
- Marvel Cinematic Universe: Avengers: Infinity War may have the most expansive example of this trope ever for the franchise. Thanks to Thanos' Badass Finger Snap, half of the universe is dead. While a few characters in both this movie and Ant-Man and the Wasp have been seen disintegrating and Word of God has confirmed several characters who either survived or got killed by the snap, the fates of the rest of the Marvel Cinematic Universe's cast are uncertain.
- In Navajo Joe, the title character is shot twice by the villain, Duncan, during the final confrontation. While he does kill Duncan (with a well-timed tomahawk to the head), the last we see of Joe is him sitting on a hill, grimacing in pain and looking at all the death that's been caused in the burial ground. The final scene of the film has Estella send Joe's horse (who has returned with the missing money) back into the frontier to find him, with his final fate left ambiguous.
- Picnic at Hanging Rock deliberately leaves the ultimate fate of the missing schoolgirls and their teacher a mystery, with only few and contradictory clues. Although one of them is found bruised but alive after a week in the wild, she has no memory of what happened to her or the others.
- Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End has this with some crewmembers of the Flying Dutchman. While the majority of the crew regains their humanity and perform a Heel–Face Turn once Davy Jones is dead, there were some who fell into the Maelstrom (examples are Clanker, Hadras, and at least two others) and one (Morey) who got decapitated by Barbossa. But knowing the nature of the Flying Dutchman crew, there is a chance they survived. It should be noted though, that none of them were seen when Will Turner was being made into a new Captain.
- Stalingrad (1993): Most of the German protagonists die, except for two soldiers who are seen surrendering to the Soviets. Their odds aren't great though. These survivors were sent to the Gulag in Siberia, and very few returned home after the war.
- Tell Me How I Die: In the climax, the male lead is stabbed through the chest by the killer, but the female lead helps him up and tries to get him to a doctor. The film ends before we can see if she succeeds or not.
- This trope is the ending of John Carpenter's The Thing, MacReady has just exploded the arctic base in a final confrontation with the titular monster. Exhausted, he rests by the burning building content with freezing to death, only to encounter Childs who also survived. Both MacReady and Childs are suspicious that other one may be the shapeshifting alien but as both are too tired they just share a drink and "wait to see what happens". Debate rages to this day about whether one, neither or both are the Thing. (The TV edit ending (not done or approved by John Carpenter) on the other hand threw out all ambiguity and clearly showed the Thing escaping disguised as a Husky. Needless to say, it's not popular.)
- Utoya 22 Juli, a reenactment of the Breivik Massacre (which happened on the island Utøya on 22. July 2011) from the perspective of the victims. Near the end we see Kaja, the main heroine, going down after the shot, apparently dead, but we don't stay to see if she died or was merely wounded. In reality, most of those with a single wound (not to the head) survived. The man in the boat is also wounded and we do not know if he makes it.
- Blade Runner 2049 ends with K bringing Deckard to Dr. Ana Stelline's lab after rescuing him from Wallace's men as led by Luv, having sustained numerous stab wounds during his fight with the gynoid. As Deckard enters the lab, K lies down on the snow-covered steps, noting that he in fact is bleeding out. The movie ends before anything further is seen of his fate, but it should be noted that "Tears in Rain" plays during the last shots we see of K.
- Discworld played with this in Thief of Time; on the Disc, characters know what awaits them after death. But in this story, the Glass Clock will kill you if you get near, but what will happen to you afterwards is uncertain. One of the characters gets too near...
- In H. G. Wells' The Invisible Man, Colonel Adye is being held at gunpoint by Griffin. An attempt by Adye to grab the gun ends in either it going off or Griffin just flat out shooting him (Wells is unclear). He is described as falling down and not getting up. Kemp later tells Adye's men, "He's killed Adye. Shot him anyhow." So even Kemp, who witnessed the actual shooting, is uncertain if Adye is dead or not. He's never brought up again after this, until the epilogue involving Thomas Marvel; Adye is mentioned as having questioned him about the whereabouts of Griffin's notebooks, but Wells isn't clear if this happened before or after the shooting.
- Shel Silverstein's Lafcadio, The Lion Who Shot Back ends with a battle between a group of lions, led by the elderly lion who warned Lafcadio about humanity, and a group of hunters, led by the circus owner Finchfinger, who made Lafcadio a Civilized Animal. Lafcadio has an identity crisis and leaves, and the outcome of the battle is unknown. Fridge Logic dictates that at least one of the hunters had to have survived the battle in order to tell Shelby (The Narrator) what happened, since he explicitly says he never saw Lafcadio again.
- A Series of Unfortunate Events:
- This is the ultimate fate of the majority of the villains; starting from the eighth book, at least one villain per book is left in a situation that makes their death likely, but unconfirmed. The exception is Big Bad Count Olaf, who explicitly dies.
- This is also the ultimate fate of the majority of the good guys for that matter; In the Penultimate Peril, the Baudelaires set fire to the Hotel Denouement where many recurring characters stayed. The narrator mentions that he has no idea how many people died and who survived. In The End, the islanders are last seen infected by a deadly mushroom and Kit Snicket reveals that the Quagmire triplets, Hector, Captain Widdershins, Fernald and Fiona were caught by "The Great Unknown" but given its mysterious nature, it's unclear what happened to them. Finally, the Baudelaires themselves decide to leave the island with Kit's baby but Lemony Snicket lost track of them afteward and doesn't know for sure if they reached the mainland or died at sea.
- The Silmarillion:
- Eluréd and Elurín were abandoned in the forest. Maedhros tried to find them but couldn't. No one knows what happened to them, but since they were only about six years old their chances of survival don't look good. note
- Maglor and Daeron, two of the greatest Elven minstrels, independently wandered off, Walking the Earth and singing laments. It's unknown what happened to them after the First Age; neither ever appears again. Some fans conjecture that they met (and possibly got together) during their wanderings.
- Thuringwethil is a odd case. She herself never appears; Lúthien steals her skin to follow Beren. Whether this means she's dead, or whether she's still around somewhere is uncertain.
- Mablung, one of Thingol's captains. He may have died in when the Dwarves attacked Doriath, or he may have survived that and the Second Kinslaying only to die in the Third Kinslaying, or he may have survived all of the above; we just don't know. Even if he did survive both Kinslayings, there's a little thing called the War of Wrath ahead...
- A Song of Ice and Fire. Syrio Forel is last seen fighting a member of the Kingsguard while unarmored and having just had his wooden practice sword destroyed by his opponent. Though the rest of the people in Ned's employ are confirmed dead, there's been no mention either way on Syrio.
- On a related note, Archmaester Gyldayn's Histories. They Never Found the Body of Daemon Targaryen leading many to speculate he survived his battle with Aemond.
- Jon's last written scene in A Dance with Dragons closes on him fatally wounded, but didn't show him outright dead, leaving fans to wonder whether he survived or not. George R.R. Martin's vague comments and the TV adaption imply he may well have survived, making it a subversion.
- The ultimate fate of Major Len Creighton in The Stand is never revealed. His last "appearance" in the book is being heard over the radio talking to one of his officers as the United States starts collapsing due to the spread of The Virus. In the teleision mini-series adaptation his fate is less enigmatic as one of the soldiers at the base is obviously ill with the superflu... but even here Creighton is not sick the last time he is onscreen, raising the possibility he was one of the 0.5% immune to Captain Trips.
- In Warrior Cats, there are a couple times when a character is mentioned as "lying motionless" during a battle, one of the most notable being Cloudtail in The Last Hope - a somewhat major character. There's also the case of the elders who stayed behind instead of going to their new home. Did they eke out a life in RiverClan territory, accept food from humans, or die from starvation or the humans' machines?
- Wet Desert: Tracking Down a Terrorist on the Colorado River:
- As the Crawfords travel down teh draining Lake Powell, they encounter a capsized boat with an empty life jacket. There is nobody to be seen and Julie is sure the boat's passengers are dead.
- When David, Afram and Judy can no longer hold on their raft, it and the other passengers are swept off the cliff where it had stranded and down the Colorado river towards Granite Narrows where the flood has probably formed a large waterfall. Keller and the others try to control the raft for some moments more before he is thrown off in a waterfall. The text ends with a mention of how he falls into the water and loses his senses. It is later revealed that their bodies and life jackets were found beneath Granite Narrows.
- 24 is infamous for leaving the fate of some of its characters unanswered.
- Lynn Kresge fell down stairs and was last seen being wheeled away in an ambulance.
- Behrooz Ahraz was taken away by terrorists. This led to anyone who suffered a similarly ambiguous fate to be said to be "Behroozed".
- John Keeler barely survived a plane crash.
- Wayne Palmer collapsed due to injuries sustained after bomb blast.
- Game of Thrones:
- Unlike his book counterpart, Prince Viserys Targaryen (who later became King Viserys II) disappeared during the Dance of the Dragons as his ship fled to the Free Cities.
- Syrio Forel. The last we see of him is when he is about to fight Ser Meryn Trant with a broken practice sword. We hear his battle cry and the sounds of a fight before the scene cuts away. Trant appears later, unscathed, but Syrio's fate is never addressed.
- Person of Interest. Its not certain if Reese killed Andrew Benton and Peter Arndt.
- Rome. Pompey is murdered in front of his family. God knows what happened to them.
- The last time Doug Murphy is seen in Scrubs is being locked in a morgue drawer. After this, he disappears and no mention is made of it.
- Stargate Atlantis; Lt Ford, who went rogue during season two and was last seen on an exploding Wraith ship. He was never explicitly confirmed to be dead, and Shepherd even lampshades that such scenarios are survivable (with many characters on the show having survived similar incidents multiple times), but he never appeared in the series again.
- In Supernatural, Archangel Gabriel is believed to be killed by Lucifer in "Hammer of the Gods" (S05, Ep19), but seemingly returns to aid Castiel in "Meta Fiction" (S09, Ep18). However, Castiel realizes that Gabriel is only an illusion. Castiel asks this Gabriel if he is really dead, but he only receives an eyebrow raise with a smirk as an answer. A definitive answer is finally provided in Season 11, when his death is confirmed by God.
- The end of season two of X Company finds Mirri is acting as a sniper, picking off German soldiers from a nearby tower. The last shot of her has her facing down the barrel of a rifle, looking rather sheepish. However, since Mirri is pretty much an all around badass Action Girl, it's not unreasonable to wonder if she got away.
- Call of Duty is a violent series where Anyone Can Die, which makes it all the more conspicuous when characters disappear without explanation. Weaver, Nevski, Brooks, and Crosby from the Black Ops subseries are notable examples.
- A lot of the hunters in Evolve fall victim to this. Markov, Hank, and Val may or may not die facing the Phantom Wraith, Parnell, Sunny, Emet, and Bucket might die or remain trapped in the monsters' dimension after the final battle, and Torvald, Jack, Lazarus, Slim, and Crow never had their roles in the story finalized and may have died anywhere from their time on Shear to the final battle.
- Volga in Hyrule Warriors. While he does collapse after his final defeat, he doesn't have a unique death cutscene like Wizzro and Cia have, nor does the game ever outright say he's dead, leaving his ultimate fate up in the air.
- In The Legend of Spyro, at the end of Dawn of the Dragon Malefor is pulled into a crystal core by spirits of ancient dragons, and is never seen again. Then rays of light are shown shining from the core as it breaks apart. Was Malefor sealed inside the core forever or was he destroyed inside it? Or was he simply Dragged Off to Hell? No mention is given as to whether Malefor appeared or didn't appear in the book that gets a page for every dragon that dies.
- At the end of Night in the Woods, this happens to the Big Bad after Mae and company manage to escape. While Mae and her friends can't be sure that they're dead, all Gregg says is "we'll find out soon enough." Eide is almost certainly dead; he had his arm lopped off by a falling elevator that plummeted to the bottom of the mine shaft, meaning death from shock and blood loss is a very likely fate for him. As for the rest of the Cult of the Black Goat, the elevator was the only way out of the mine that they had any access to, meaning that they'll most likely starve to death before they can escape. However, the game confirms nothing either way, and ends with none of the cult members making another appearance.
- Near the end of Sonic Forces, Eggman drags Infinite back to base and relieves him of his Phantom Ruby after he loses to the heroes for the last time, which is the last we see of him. Given the Ruby was embedded in his chest, it's unclear if removing it would kill him or not.
- Medomai in Telepath Tactics. Emma can't find her in the end, and Tarion heavily implied he planned to kill her in an earlier scene. But they Never Found the Body, so it is possible she survived.
- Girl Genius: Princess Zulenna. The last the reader has heard of her, Baron Wulfenbach orders her to be revived after being stabbed by Bangladesh DuPree. In-universe, that was somewhere around three years ago; out of universe, she died in August 2004. Also Agatha's father and uncle, who disappeared at separate times years before the comic starts.
- Magick Chicks: The fates of Faith, Jacqui, and the student council are unknown following the teleportation incident, since Cerise claims to have transported them all into a volcano. Whether there's any truth to what Cerise said, or not, Tandy believes they're all dead. We do find out their fate out later: Cerise did teleport them into a live volcano. But she overdid the spell, so she also teleported a large enough chunk of the ground underneath their feet that it allowed them to escape.
- The Order of the Stick: Thog was buried under collapsing rubble in #808. In #813, Tarquin explains that they won't know whether he lived or died until Thog is dug out. And that's the last we've heard of him since 2011.
- SCP Foundation: Due to the site's philosophy of "the only canon is that there is no canon", a lot of characters are subject to this trope. For example, SCP-096, a monster that kills anyone who sees its face, be it in person or in a photograph/video feed, is slated for immediate termination due to an incident wherein it escaped and destroyed a small population center. However, it is not listed as a terminated SCP, leaving its status unknown.
- Avatar: The Last Airbender examples:
- Because of the network the show aired on, they couldn't be as blatant as they'd have liked about Jet's death (they implied pretty heavily, though). This is referenced in the lampshade-filled episode "The Ember Island Players", when the characters see a play of their lives:
Zuko: Did Jet just...die?
Sokka: Y'know, it was really unclear.
- Along the same lines are Longshot and Smellerbee, who are left alone with him. They are never seen or mentioned again after this scene, where they're left in an enemy base that was later destroyed. Avatar: The Last Airbender – The Promise shows that they survived.
- Because of the network the show aired on, they couldn't be as blatant as they'd have liked about Jet's death (they implied pretty heavily, though). This is referenced in the lampshade-filled episode "The Ember Island Players", when the characters see a play of their lives:
- The penultimate episode of Fantastic Four: World's Greatest Heroes, "Doom's Word is Law", ends with Doctor Doom getting caught in an explosion. It isn't clear whether or not he survived. While Johnny does mention Doom as if he were still alive in the final episode "Scavenger Hunt", one can make the argument that Johnny simply wasn't aware that Doom was killed.
- Invoked at the end of Justice League Unlimited:
Batman: I doubt that either of themnote died.
Superman: We saw it this time.
Flash: You saw it last time, too.
- Looney Tunes: Invoked in the Coyote and Roadrunner cartoon Gee Whiz-zzzzzz; as Wile E. Coyote falls for the last time, he holds up a sign asking that the cartoon end before he hits. As the screen begins to Iris Out, he holds up a second sign saying "Thank you."
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic: In the Season 3 premier, when King Sombra is shattered to pieces by Princess Cadance and the crystal ponies, a shot of his horn is seen leading many to believe that he survived and will regenerate from his horn, as he was earlier shown regenerating his horn itself when it was amputated. Though Sombra was ultimately brought back in the comics (and given a Heel–Face Turn to boot!) both fans and Word of Saint Paul tend to disagree with each other on whether this qualifies as official canon (Jim Miller says yes, Meghan McCarthy says no, and Andy Price says it's up to the viewer.). At the very least, the fact that he conceivably could be brought back means he is not Killed Off for Real.
- Artie Ziff's ultimate fate in The Simpsons is a classic Bolivian Army Ending, extinguishing convicts' cigarettes with a spray bottle. "Somehow, I don't think we've seen the last of Artie Ziff!"....squirt, squirt..."Kids, take a last look at your Uncle Artie..."
- South Park: The episode "Trapped In The Closet" ends with Stan, after revealing that he isn't the reincarnation of L. Ron Hubbard and that "Scientology is just a big, fat, global scam!" getting threatened to be sued by all of his former followers, a threat Stan proudly accepts.
- Star Wars Rebels:
- "Through Imperial Eyes": Lieutenant Lyste is framed as being Fulcrum by the real Reverse Mole, Agent Kallus. He is last seen being dragged away while protesting his innocence. Kallus says that treason by an Imperial officer is punishable by death. At the end of the episode, Thrawn deduces from other evidence that Kallus is actually Fulcrum, but he and Yularen keep this a secret in order to Feed the Mole, leaving the unfortunate Lyste's ultimate fate uncertain.
- "Family Reunion — and Farewell": Thrawn himself suffers this when Ezra has a fleet of Purrgil forcibly drag his Star Destroyer into hyperspace, destination unknown. Ezra was onboard as well and is implied to have survived, but there is no word on Thrawn's status and whether or not he's still around for rescue.
- Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles (2012): During the Season 4 finale, Baxter Stockman is demutated by the Turtles, and last seen knocked out by Mikey before the Shredder sets his mansion on fire with a Molotov cocktail. He's not shown amongst the surviving members of the Foot in the next season, but his death remains unconfirmed.
- In Winx Club, three of the Season 4 antagonists, Ogron, Anagan, and Gantlos, are frozen, and then fall into a crevice. It is unclear whether they suffered a Disney Villain Death or simply remain frozen forever at the bottom of the abyss.