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  • 10 Items or Less is both a 2006 film and a TV sitcom which started in the same year. They both involve supermarkets.
  • 15/Love is a Canadian television series. 15-Love is a short-lived Marvel Comics title. They are both about tennis.
  • 2016 is either the title of a political documentary by Dinesh D'Souza which full title is 2016: Obama's America or the title of a Ghanaian sci-fi movie.
  • Software example: Popular 3D modelling program 3ds Max uses a title with all lowercase letters in the beginning to distinguish it from the Nintendo 3DS, despite the fact that this program has been around far longer than the console.note 

  • "About A Girl" is a song by two separate bands, each having no similarity to the other, Nirvana (which was the one covered by Cibo Matto) and The Academy Is...
  • Achievement Hunter is a video series by Rooster Teeth, and a series of Steam achievement spam games by putilin_industries.
  • Ad Astra is a film starring Brad Pitt, a Sci-Fi furry visual novel, and a Finnish heavy metal band.
  • Adventures of the Galaxy Rangers shares a title with the official international English name of Kyōryū Sentai Zyuranger, which is simply "Galaxy Rangers".
  • Jean-Michel Jarre's track "Aero" from the eponymous 2002 concert in Denmark is mostly unrelated to his track "Aero" from the eponymous 2004 album. Neither track is about the bubbly chocolate bar or the Windows theme.
  • Airplane Mode is the name of a 2019 film starring Logan Paul, a 2020 Brazilian comedy film, and a song by the Flobots.
  • Albion is a video game, a series of novels by Patrick McCormack, and a WildStorm comic. Albion Online is a game by Sandbox Interactive.
  • Scotland-based pirate-themed Power Metal band Alestorm is one letter off from Pennsylvania Hard Rock band Halestorm. The two bands have expressed interest in touring together, and Alestorm once replaced Halestorm at a rock festival in Portugal after the latter had to drop out of the lineup.
  • Alias was a Marvel comic book series created by Brian Michael Bendis and Michael Gaydos published 2001-2004. The protagonist of the series was former superhero Jessica Jones, who gave up the spandex and laser beam lifestyle for a grubby career as a private detective. At almost exactly the same time, ABC launched a TV series called Alias about CIA agent Sydney Bristow, played by Jennifer Garner, which ran from 2001-2006. In an attempt to avoid confusion, the Netflix/Marvel Studios adaptation of the comic series was first called "Alias Jessica Jones", then "AKA Jessica Jones" before finally settling on simply Jessica Jones.
  • Alien for the Atari 2600 was indeed a Licensed Game based on the movie, unlike Alien for the VIC-20, which was Heiankyo Alien by another name.
  • Alive is a 1993 American film about a real-life disaster. #Alive (2020) is a 2020 South Korean film about a zombie apocalypse.
  • All-American Alien Boy is the name of a song and a solo album by Ian Hunter of Mott the Hoople. It is also the name of a science fiction short-story and collection by Allen Steele.
  • "All Night Long" is both a mid-tempo dance number performed by Lionel Richie, and a heavy rock paean to the easy availability of groupies, sung by Rainbow.
  • All Over The House is the name of a gag-a-day webcomic, and a pornographic rap music video.
  • All Points Bulletin is the name of a 2010 Electronic Arts MMORPG, and a 1987 Atari Arcade Game. The confusion is only aggravated by both games using the Initialism Title A.P.B..
  • All Together Now is the closing song from the movie Yellow Submarine, and a documentary about the making of the Cirque du Soleil Beatles musical Love. These are related, but neither of them are related to the England soccer-squad anthem of the same name by The Farm.
  • The Ambition of Oda Nobuna and Nobunaga's Ambition have nothing in common except the Sengoku Period setting.
  • There is no connection between "America" by the West Side Story cast (covered by The Nice), "America" by Simon & Garfunkel (covered by Yes), "America" by Razorlight, the song "America" by the band XYLO, and rock band America.
  • Amnesia is both the name of a survival horror game and an otome game.
  • Almost Human is a sci-fi crime drama on Fox. It is also the name of two unrelated movies.
  • The Angels were one of Australia's best bands around 1980. They had to change their name to Angel City for the U.S., because there was already a band called Angel. The Angels have broken up some time since, and there's now an electronica act called Angel City.
    • The Angels were a 60s Girl Group famous for their hit "My Boyfriend's Back".
    • In addition to the band Angel mentioned above, there's also the 1984 film about a teenage hooker, the TV show that spun off from Buffy the Vampire Slayer, and numerous songs (including ones by Sarah McLachlan, Shaggy, Madonna, Aerosmith, and Jon Secada).
  • There are two films called Animal Crackers: a 1930 film starring the Marx Brothers and a 2017 animated film. There were also at least three different newspaper strips with that name, the best known of which was later adapted into an animated series by Cinar.
  • Animal Jam might be a children's Massively Multiplayer Online Roleplaying Video Game, but it's also a Cats Don't Dance song and a 2004 puppet show.
  • Angel Heart: is an anime and manga series based on an alternate timeline of City Hunter, and a 1987 mystery/horror film about a detective in the 1950s who is caught up in a strange case involving a missing person.
  • Arcanum is a comic by Image Comics, and a video game by Troika Games.
  • Japanese video game developer Arc System Works (of Guilty Gear and BlazBlue fame) is unrelated to the American video game publisher Aksys Games, although the latter has localized many of the former's works in the United States, to the point that they're mistaken as an subsidiary. There's also Arsys Software, an obscure Japanese company of the 80s and 90s which developed Wibarm and the SNES version of Prince of Persia.
  • Are You My Mother? is both a children's book by P.D. Eastman and a graphic novel by Alison Bechdel.
  • Argo is a sci-fi novel, a 2012 movie, and a game by Bohemia Interactive.
  • There's a manga and anime series titled ARIA. There's also a live action anthology of 10 short films, most of them set to opera arias, also titled Aria, a 1994 Asis album called Aria and a Tabletop RPG named Aria (full title Aria: Canticle of the Monomyth). Australia's answer to the Grammy is also called an ARIA. Aria is also the name of a Russian band and a large hotel-casino in Las Vegas.
  • Mention "Arrested Development" today and people will think first and foremost of the sitcom. But there was a rap group in the '90s called Arrested Development. Although huge at their peak, they are mostly forgotten today, aside from them suing the show's producers.
    • The sitcom has an In-Universe example. One episode features a series of Girls Gone Wild type videos called Girls With Low Self-Esteem. The same episode reveals that Tobias once filmed a video where he counsels families with self-esteem issues titled Families With Low Self-Esteem. The latter is a brief hit because of the similar titles until they're discovered to not be related.
  • How about The Art of War? There is an "Art of War" by:
    • Sun Tzu, an ancient Chinese military thinker, and the one most people will be referring to.
    • Niccolò Machiavelli, a Renaissance-era Italian strategist and political thinker.
    • Antoine-Henri Jomini, a 19th-century Swiss interpreter of Napoleon.
    • Mao Zedong, a 20th-century Chinese communist revolutionary and politician.
      • Though this is largely a result of English translation laziness. Sun Tzu's "Art of War" is actually "Sun Tzu's Methods of War" in Chinese, Machiavelli's is On the Art of War in Italian, Jomini's is Handbook of the Art of War in French, and Mao's is On War (which is itself not to be confused with Clausewitz's "On War").
      • This extends even beyond literature, as there's also a completely unrelated (in that it has nothing to do with military theory unlike the others) Wesley Snipes action film called The Art of War, which was followed by two DTV sequels.
      • There's also the Simpsons episode "The Bart of War", named after the Sun Tzu book.
  • Our page of The Aristocats opens with a mangled attempt at a The Aristocrats joke.
  • Army of the Dead (2008) and Army of the Dead (2021) are both horror films with humans facing living dead. The former is about an ancient Aztec curse upon Conquistadores causing them to come back as animated skeletons, the latter is about a heist in Las Vegas, which has been quarantined due to a zombie outbreak.
  • Arrival (2016) and The Arrival (1996) are both sci-fi films about aliens coming to Earth, but each have very different plots and aliens. There was also a group called Arrival which did a song called "I Will Survive", some years before the well-known song of the same name.
  • Arthur, a cartoon about Funny Animals, or Arthur (1981), a film about a Rich Idiot With No Day Job.
  • A Spanish dubbing example: A todo gas (lit. "Full Throttle") was a sub-title for two different works that the only in common is the racing theme. First was used for The '80s Formula One anime F and decades later for the first movie of The Fast and the Furious franchise.
  • Avatar, the animesque Nickelodeon cartoon about a Supernatural Martial Arts kid, and Avatar, the movie about blue-skinned aliens. (To avoid confusion with the blue-skinned aliens, Nick decided to call the movie adaptation of the cartoon just The Last Airbender.) And don't forget the seventh Indigo book, or that Doorstopper of Poul Anderson's with the Blithe Spirit.
    • It gets even worse; due to the poor reception of the aforementioned movie, using just the subtitle won't work either. Saying "Avatar" will make people think you're talking about James Cameron's film series, and saying "The Last Airbender" will make them think you're talking about the M. Night's film adaptation. Unless you use the fan abbreviation, ATLA, then the only reliable term to use is "The Legend of Aang"... but that subtitle was only used in the UK.
    • And just to make sure you're thoroughly confused, the sequel series to the cartoon is titled The Legend of Korra, and has no known connection to the flash animation The Legend of Korah. Thankfully, it does work due to being similar to the aforementioned subtitle of the original series in the UK: The Legend of Aang.
    • There's also a Swans song called "Avatar".
  • Avalon is a 1990 American movie by Barry Levinson, a 2001 movie by Mamoru Oshii, a 2011 Swedish movie by Axel Petersén, a webcomic by Josh Phillips, a series of fantasy novels, a Marvel Cinematic Universe/Neon Genesis Evangelion crossover fanfic, and over a dozen songs (most famously one by Roxy Music).
  • The Avengers (1960s) is a classic British secret agent series which is no relation to the American superhero team. The fact that both have had series called "The New Avengers" doesn't help matters a whole heck of a lot. There's also an old Arcade Game by Capcom called Avengers (known as Hissatsu Buraiken in Japan).
  • Awaken is both a fantasy webcomic and a thriller series.
  • Awakening may refer to a series of hidden object games, an installment in the Fire Emblem franchise, or an expansion pack for Dragon Age: Origins. And that's just in video games.


  • Caillou should not confused with Kaeloo.
  • "California Girls" is a song by The Beach Boys, which was later covered by David Lee Roth. "California Gurls" (the typo is intentional) is by Katy Perry with Snoop Dogg. "California Girls" is also a song by Gretchen Wilson, although the first line of the refrain is "Ain't you glad we ain't all California girls?"
  • The Cape is the title of both a 1996-1997 TV series about astronauts at Cape Canaveral, and a 2010-2011 TV series about a cape-wearing superhero.
  • Captain Canada was the title of (1) A radio comedy series featuring Bruno Gerussi on CBC Radio in the 1960s; (2) A counterculture comic strip created by Stanley Labreche for the magazine Fuddle Duddle in the 1970s and (3) A new-agey superhero series published in the Newfoundland Herald newspaper in the 1980s and subsequently promoted by CJON/NTV, the station co-owned with the newspaper. It was this over-proliferation of Captain Canadas which led Richard Comely to name his classic 1970s Canadian superhero Captain Canuck instead.
  • Captain Fathom, a 1965 TV cartoon that utilized Synchro-Vox, has no relation with the 1955 TV movie of the same name.
  • Captain Marvel isn't quite the example of this it seems at first glance. See I Am Not Shazam and Fawcett Comics along with the Franchise pages above and at Shazam! for the full story
  • There are at least three different films called Cargo. The 2009 one is a Swiss sci-fi thriller/horror set on a cargo spaceship, the 2006 one is about a backpacker in Africa who stows away on a cargo ship heading for Europe, and the 2011 one is about a Russian woman smuggled to the US who forms a bond with her transporter.
  • Carrie is both a 1952 film based on Theodore Dreiser's Sister Carrie and a 1974 novel by Stephen King.
  • Carry On: Which one? The British film franchise Carry On, the Furry Webcomic Carry On, or the slash-fic fashioned YA novel Carry On?
  • "Cars" by Gary Numan, the band The Cars, or Cars the Pixar film?
  • "Case Closed" is English title of of the manga and anime series Meitantei Conan. "Caso Cerrado" is a Spanish-language court show that was previously called "Sala de Parejas" (loosely: "Couples' Court").
  • Castle seems to turn up quite frequently in the titles of various kinds of works.
  • The manga and anime Cat's Eye is not to be confused with Cat's Eye (an '80s film based on the stories of Stephen King) the '80s ITV detective drama C.A.T.S. Eyes or the '90s BBC edutainment programme Cats' Eyes.
  • The Cell is a 2000 movie. Cell is a Stephen King novel and 2016 movie. Their plots are completely dissimilar as well beyond both being horror stories, with the former being about a Journey to the Center of the Mind of a serial killer, and the latter about an Evil Phone causing a zombie outbreak.
  • Challenge of the Dragon by Sachen is a pirated engine hack of Double Dragon. Challenge of the Dragon by Color Dreams is a generic hack-n-slash.
  • Chaos War is a Marvel Comics storyline, and a Dragonlance storyline. Chaos Wars is a Massive Multiplayer Crossover video game.
  • DC's Chase was a series centering around Cameron Chase, a blonde DEO operative that hunted down rogue metahumans while NBC's Chase (NBC) was a series centering around Annie Frost, a blonde US Marshall that hunted down escaped fugitives. Both were cancelled. Neither should be confused with Cha$e, a short-lived reality game show on Sci-Fi Channel, or The Chase, a UK quiz show on ITV (when the NBC show was bought for British television it was officially retitled Jerry Bruckheimer's Chase). Then there's The Chase, a BBC TV drama, and a 1994 film also titled The Chase.
    • Or the other NBC show called Chase (from Jack Webb and Stephen J. Cannell), which was also short-lived.
    • Or, for that matter, the early 70s jazz-rock group led by trumpeter Bill Chase.
    • Oh, and there's financial institution JP Morgan Chase often just called Chase.
    • And there the song "Chase" by Giorgio Moroder.
    • And the 1992 album The Chase by Garth Brooks.
  • Cheating Death is the name of a popular Harry Potter fanfic where Harry is a law enforcement official, a Hunger Games fanfic about the seventy-three Victors before Katniss and Peeta, and a short film about a crack dealer in Toronto.
  • Chef! the 1990s British sitcom starring Lenny Henry is completely unrelated to the 2014 movie from and with Jon Favreau.
  • Before there was the more famous horror franchise, there were two unrelated films also called Child's Play: one a 1954 science fiction film, the other a 1972 mystery based on a stage play of the same title. By coincidence, the same film editor, Edward Warschilka, worked on the first two movies of the Child's Play franchise and the unrelated 1972 film.
    • Outside of film, Child's Play is, among other things, a charity founded by the authors of Penny Arcade, a crime thriller novel by Kia Abdullah, a science fiction short story by William Tenn, a Marvel Comics crossover, a 1982 CBS game show, and the title of various television show episodes.
  • Children of Eden is a musical based on the Book of Genesis. Child of Eden is a trippy cyberspace Rail Shooter video game that is also the Spiritual Successor to Rez.
  • Children of the Night is the title of two novels, four movies, and around twenty songs.
  • Chiller was the title of a 1985 video game originally coded by David and Richard Darling for the Commodore 64 and released by Mastertronic. Chiller was coincidentally also the title of a notoriously gory arcade Light Gun Game that Exidy put out in 1986.
  • The China Syndrome is a 1978 film about a nuclear meltdown. China Syndrome is an Atari 2600 game also involving stopping a meltdown.
  • Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers has no affiliation with Lassie's Rescue Rangers.
  • There's at least two movies named Chocolat. The first one is a drama about a chocolate workshop in the France of the fifties, the second one is a biopic about a black clown who worked in the France of the 1890s and 1900s.
    • Neither of these is to be confused with the Thai martial-arts action movie Chocolate.
  • Christine is a 1983 Stephen King novel and film about an evil car. It's also a 1917 book by Elizabeth von Arnim; a 1958 film based on the play Liebelei; a 1960 musical based on the book My Indian Summer; a 1987 TV drama about a heroin addict in the BBC Two Screenplay slot; and a 2016 film about the real life suicide of Christine Chubbuck.
  • Brazil already has a problem of Completely Different Title. Then when two films get the same title... Círculo de Fogo (Circle of Fire) was used for both Enemy at the Gates (2001) and Pacific Rim (2013), A Experiência (The Experiment) is the title for both Species (1995) and Das Experiment (2001). The Crow and The Raven are both "O Corvo" as both animals go by the same word in Portuguese. And then there's the ones that the difference is the article: In Dreams (1998) is "A Premonição" (The Premonition) while Final Destination (2000) is just "Premonição".
  • City Lights, the Charlie Chaplin film; City Lights, the 1973 Canadian documentary show; City Lights the 80s BBC Scotland sitcom; City Lights the 2008 ITV comedy-drama. It was also the name of America's very first paperback bookstore (opened in San Francisco, California, in 1956).
  • City of Angels, a musical about a Film Noir; City of Angels, a supernatural romance film that's an American remake of Wings of Desire; City of Angels, subtitle of the film The Crow: City of Angels; City Of Angels, the name of two completely different TV series (by Stephen J. Cannell in the 1970s and Steven Bochco in 2000); "City of Angel" from "Under The Bridge" by Red Hot Chili Peppers.
  • City of Bones is the name of a 1995 novel by Martha Wells, a 2002 novel by Michael Connelly, and a 2007 novel by Cassandra Clare.
  • City of Glass is the third novel in Cassandra Clare's The Mortal Instruments series; the name of Paul Auster's classically surreal postmodern detective novel; and a multi-movement jazz composition by Stan Kenton.
  • Cloak & Dagger is a video game, a movie about the video game, a comic book, and a series based on the comic.
  • Cloud Atlas was a 2004 novel by David Mitchell and The Cloud Atlas was a 2004 novel by Liam Callanan.
  • Cobra, the Sylvester Stallone action film, is unrelated to the manga Cobra. Each had a Licensed Game on the Amstrad CPC with the same title. It's not related to the 1970s DC Comics series Kobra either, nor for that matter, to the bad guys in the G.I. Joe universe.
  • Cobra Mission is a PC H-Game. Mission Cobra is an NES Shoot 'em Up by unlicensed/pirate game mecca Sachen. There's also an NES knockoff of Lethal Enforcers titled Cobra Mission.
  • The 1989 album Cocked & Loaded by Hard Rock group L.A. Guns is not to be confused with the very similarly named 2006 album Cocked And Loaded by Ministry side project Revolting Cocks. Oddly enough, both albums included guest appearances by Rick Nielsen and Robin Zander
  • Cold Turkey is either a 1971 Dick Van Dyke movie about a small town that quits smoking for a big cash reward, or a 1940 Harry Langdon short about an office worker who wins a turkey in a Christmas raffle.
    • Neither of which is related to the 1969 John Lennon song.
  • Coming of Age is the title of an American sitcom from the Eighties and a British sitcom from the Noughties.
    • And a 1990 hit by supergroup Damn Yankees.
  • Commando: 1985 action game by Capcom, a 1983 Sega game, a 1985 action movie starring Arnold Schwarzenegger, or a song by The Ramones?
  • No, Takarazuka Revue didn't adapt Company by Stephen Sondheim. Their Company is based on a novel of the same name by Ibuki Yuki, which involves a pharmaceutical company and some of their employees. The full title for Zuka's show is actually Company -Lessons, Passion, and Companionship-.
  • Conception is a novel, a band, a video game and sequel.
  • Confession or The Confession may refer to novels by John Grisham or Olen Steinhauser, a semi-autobiographical work by Leo Tolstoy, a whole bunch of unrelated films from different countries such as the United States, France, and South Korea, a web series featuring Kiefer Sutherland, a 1950s crime show on ABC, two different heavy metal bands, and about ten songs.
  • Conspiracy is a 2001 drama film about the Wannsee Conference of 1942, in which a group of Nazi bureaucrats held a meeting to discuss the implementation of the Holocaust. Conspiracy is also a 2008 action/thriller film starring Val Kilmer. Conspiracy is a board game by Milton Bradley. The adventure game KGB was released on CD as Conspiяacy.
  • Contact is a pinball game, a novel adapted into a movie, and a video game.
  • "Control" is the name of at least three industrial / EBM songs, by Juno Reactor ft. Traci Lords, VNV Nation, and
  • Cosmos Cop is an unlicensed Space Harrier clone on the NES multicart Caltron 6-in-1. Cosmic Cop is the American localization of Armed Police Unit Gallop, a spinoff of R-Type.
  • Countdown to Extinction was once the name of a Disney ride and is still the name of a Megadeth album.
  • Crack Down is a 1989 arcade game by Sega which has nothing to do with Crackdown, the 2007 Third-Person Shooter for the Xbox 360, or The Crackdown, the 1983 album by Cabaret Voltaire.
  • Cracked is known to most as the name of a humor website and magazine. However, it also refers to a 2008 British comedy-drama from STV, as well as two Canadian productions: a 2013 crime drama from CBC and a 2016 series of cartoon shorts from Teletoon (the latter was known as Cracké in its original Quebec production). And to make things even more confusing, it's also the name of a 2015 song by Pentatonix, while Crack'ed is a 1987 Atari video game (subtitled as "An Egg-Citing Adventure").
  • Crash, the 1973 novel or 1996 David Cronenberg film about an underground society that stages car crashes as a weird sexual fetish, or Crash, the 2006 Best Picture winner and a feel good story about racial stereotypes. This is very confusing to those of us who had seen only the Cronenberg film during the 2006 Oscar season...
  • Do not confuse "Creature of the Night" (a number from The Rocky Horror Picture Show) with Creatures of the Night (a 1982 KISS album). Or with the fans of TNA wrestler Jeff Hardy, who are called (you guessed it) "Creatures of the Night." It may help that the actual title for the Rocky Horror song is "Touch-A Touch-A Touch Me", though the lyric "creature of the night" does occur repeatedly and is in fact the last eight lines of the song.
  • Crossed Swords is a 1954 movie, a 1977 movie, and a game by ADK for the Neo Geo arcade and console.
  • The Famicom game Crossfire is completely unrelated to the Sega Genesis game Crossfire, despite both being published by Kyugo (in different countries). Among other games, Crossfire is the name of a MMORPG, a board game, and an online first-person shooter game (with a capitalized F). In other media, Crossfire is a manga by the author of Hellsing, "Crossfire" is the first solo hit of The Killers' Brandon Flowers, and Crossfire is a debate show on CNN.
  • The Crossing is an Avengers story and a TV movie about George Washington.
  • The 1986 film Crossroads, about blues legend Robert Johnson, has nothing to do with the 2002 film starring Britney Spears.
    • And probably even less to do with a 1960s-80s British soap opera set in a Midlands motel (or indeed the 2001-03 revival), or the 1950s American religious anthology... or the 1992 Robert Urich series that didn't last as long as any of 'em.
    • And possibly has even less relation to the Bone Thugs n Harmony song.
  • The Cube, a 1969 American teleplay involving people inside a cube; and The Cube, a 2009 British game show involving people inside a cube. There's also Cube, a series of films involving people being trapped inside cubical mazes.
  • British Goth band The Cult are frequently confused with American rock-with-a-hint-of-Gothic-darkness band the Blue Öyster Cult. The two fandoms do not tend to overlap. Fans of BOC often abbreviate their band's name to "the Cult", which leads to confusion when, for instance, a web search leads them to pictures of a singer called Ian Astbury who is unknown to them as is the song "She Sells Sanctuary". Similarly, those searching for Ian Astbury's Cult might wonder who the Hell Buck Dharma and Eric Bloom are.
  • Cupcakes is an infamously gory fanfiction of My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, an Israeli comedy about six friends representing Israel in an international singing contest, and a short-lived Power Pop band from Chicago.
  • Cyber Monster: Unlicensed NES light gun game, or freeware MMORPG?

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