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Film / Cube

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Holloway: I think we have to ask the big questions. What does it want? What is it thinking?
Worth: "One down, four to go."

Cube is a Canadian science fiction/horror film series, consisting of Cube (1997), Cube 2: Hypercube (2002), and Cube Zero (2004). The first movie is directed by Vincenzo Natali, the second by Andrzej Sekula, and the third by Ernie Barbarash.

The three movies are each based on the same premise; there is a gigantic, mechanical, cube-shaped structure (the purpose and origin of which are almost completely unknown) that is made up of lots of smaller cube-shaped rooms. Each of these rooms has 6 doors, one on each wall and one on the ceiling and one on the floor, which lead into adjacent, identical rooms, only differing by color. Some of these rooms are safe, while others are equipped with booby traps such as flamethrowers and razorwire which kill a person who enters the room.

In each case, a group of strangers wakes up in this mysterious structure, with no knowledge of how they got there or why they are there. In order to escape from the prison, however, they must band together and use their combined skills and talents to avoid the traps and navigate out of the maze, while also trying to solve the mystery of what the cube is and why they are in it. However, the pressure of being in the cube usually drives one or more of the characters insane, and they start killing the others.


Cube Zero was slightly different from the original two movies in that it also dealt with some people on the outside of the cube whose job it was to control the cube and oversee those within. It also attempted to answer some of the questions of the series.

Lionsgate is currently working to reboot the series.

Not to be confused with The Cube. A Japanese Remake of the first film is also slated to release in October 2021.


This series contains examples of

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    The entire series 
  • Anyone Can Die: It's rare for anyone to survive the cubes, and they don't tend to have much of a lifespan even if they do.
  • Big Labyrinthine Building: The Cube has to be traversed to find the exit before the prisoners die. The first one has 17,576 rooms in total and the hypercube over 60 million or just one, depending on how you look at it, both filled with boobytrapped rooms.
  • Closed Circle: The eponymous contraptions of the series are these. The protagonists are doomed to roam around a maze of cuboid rooms until they can figure out its particular structure and escape. Or not.
  • Death Course: The Cube again.
  • Dwindling Party: Reduced one by one.
  • Final Girl: Used one way or another in every movie:
    • Cube features a cute, innocent girl in the cast of prisoners, but it's the mentally disabled boy who survives, apparently by being even more innocent.
    • Cube 2: Hypercube appears to play it straight, with a wholesome blonde surviving to the end but not much further — she's revealed to be a government operative who, after her de-briefing, is executed to keep the secrets secure.
    • Cube Zero plays it straight with Raines.
  • Happy Ending Override: Cube ended with the Sole Survivor escaping the labyrinthine Death Course and walking into a white void before a Fade to White, leaving his ultimate fate unknown. In Cube Zero, this happens to a different character... who is then chained up, asked if he believes in God, and incinerated when he says no.
  • A House Divided: Recurring plot point. In the original the booby traps only kill two of the seven characters. In the second it's the guy with the knife who goes on a killing spree, while the third has one character wirelessly "reactivated" as a supersoldier.
  • Industrialized Evil: The focus of the series is on a network of giant, mechanical Cubical mazes built up of thousands of smaller cubes, some of which are boobytrapped. It's inferred that they're some way of testing human behavior under stressful conditions, punishing dissidents of the regime and/or testing chemicals and other weapons, with one captive deciding that they have no purpose but were simply the product of a senseless, secretive bureaucracy gone mad.
  • It May Help You on Your Quest: Those imprisoned in the Cube have their memories wiped on How We Got Here, yet are often left personal items that help them (Leaven's reading glasses in Cube, so she can read the numbers on the rooms) or hinder them (Simon's knife in Cube 2: Hypercube, which makes him a threat to the others) or simply taunt them (Simon has a photo of the woman he was hired to find who has also been dumped in there, and a colonel is left with an empty Handcuffed Briefcase whose only use is to help him commit suicide). Unlike per usual for this trope, this is neither a Contrived Coincidence or an attempt to help them succeed.
  • Kill 'Em All: Fitting with the series' deep cynicism and the utter lethality of the eponymous mazes, nearly all characters usually die, either by the cubes or by their own hands. The survival rate in the series' entries is, successively, 1:0:2.
  • Locked in a Freezer: Obviously, nearly the entire Cube is a trap. There's also the added bonus of having a limited time frame to escape (before you simply starve to death or die of dehydration, that is).
  • The Maze: The series entirely revolves around a mysterious cubical labyrinth filled with death traps that the protagonists must escape from.
  • Malevolent Architecture: Also the whole point of the series.
  • Mind Screw: The first movie intentionally gives no explanations for anything. The second and third movies do, but as they were written and directed by different people, they can't get the internal logic straight. The DVD Commentary on the first one states in no uncertain terms that the world outside the cube does not exist. It doesn't withhold explanations as much as erase every possibility that explanations could exist.
  • Minimalism: There is only one set throughout the entire first film; after all scenes set in cubes of a given color were shot, the panels were replaced with a different color and another set of scenes were shot. The sequel didn't even bother with that; every room of the cube was identical, and the final set was green-screened. The third was atypical simply because it had any sets besides the cube.
  • Ominous Cube: The eponymous Cube is a Big Labyrinthine Building made up of a bunch of smaller cube-shaped rooms. The entire building is one colossal Death Trap, which the protagonists are expected to navigate and escape.
  • Ontological Mystery: Aside from being a basic survival story this is the major plot point of the movies, particularly the first one, although the sequels adhere to this progressively less and less.
  • Sealed Room in the Middle of Nowhere: The mazes featured in the series, doubly so the Hypercube, which is implied to be non-Euclidean space folded into a single room.
  • World Limited to the Plot: Deliberately invoked in the series. The inconsistent internal logic from movie to movie is designed to eliminate the possibility of a wider world beyond the Cube.
  • You All Meet in a Cell: The series has characters meeting after being mysteriously imprisoned for no known reason in a shifting death trap.
  • You Wake Up in a Room: All the victims of the cube wake up in a cube-shaped room with no memory of how they got there.

  • Arbitrary Skepticism: Holloway and Quentin both during their discussion of each other's pet theories on the origins of the Cube. She believes that the military-industrial complex created the place, but he points out that for the most part, government organizations are just composed of people like him, whose goals in life are to "buy big boats", not conspire. Quentin's theory is that the structure is a rich psychopath's entertainment, and the two argue over this.
  • Asshole Victim: Quentin. From letting Holloway fall to her death, to actively killing Leaven and stabbing Worth, he was the only one who deserved to be in the Cube in the first place. Definitely deserved getting crushed between the walls.
  • Audible Sharpness: The Razor Wire trap gives a sharp *whoosh* as the victim is diced.
  • Ax-Crazy: Quentin once he shows his true colors.
  • Big Brother Is Watching: Discussed and actively defied by Worth. He reveals that he worked on the construction of the Cube, but when the other characters question who is ultimately responsible and secretly controlling and watching their lives, his theory (also very likely) is that the Cube no longer has a purpose or an owner, and is nothing more than somebody's forgotten project, being used simply because it is there, and nobody wants to admit how pointless it is. He caps it off with "Big Brother is not watching you."
  • Bait the Dog: Quentin at first appears as a protective and brave cop who will lead the prisoners out of the Cube. It turns out he's actually a vicious psychopath with homicidal tendencies who cares only for himself. And Inverted with Worth who though looks like he doesen't care about anyone but himself and believes there is no way out of the cube but over time he shows himself to be a kind hearted man who eventually starts to genuinely care about the group and proves himself in the end to be more of a hero than Quentin.
  • Big Bad: Quentin, who snaps and starts trying to kill all the protagonists when they defy him. Whomever is behind the Cube is never seen.
  • Big "NO!": Holloway, as she falls to her death.
    • Worth, when Quentin murders Leaven.
  • Bizarrchitecture: The film is set in a building made up of a three-dimensional moving matrix of cube-shaped cells, most equipped with various booby traps that will kill the prisoners inside.
  • Blood from the Mouth: Worth near the end due to his injuries.
  • Butt-Monkey: Worth is basically Quentin's punching bag who he regularly beats and throws into rooms.
  • Canada, Eh?: A Canadian film, although probably the only hints would be a single mention of Saskatoon and the way Leaven refers to the letter "z" as "zed".
  • Can't Kill You, Still Need You: When it's revealed that Worth designed the outer shell, Quentin tries to kill him in a rage, but Leaven and Holloway both convince him that would be completely insane, because he's literally the only one who knows anything about the place they're stuck in.
  • Cardboard Prison: There is a character nicknamed The Wren who has escaped from seven different prisons. Sadly, he's not so lucky in the Cube.
  • Chekhov's Gunman: The film includes a seemingly detrimental character, Kazan, who turns out to be an idiot savant, and critical to solving the formula needed to escape.
  • Clean Cut: In The Teaser, a character is in one room when something happens. The character freezes in shock, and seconds later falls apart in neatly diced cubes. The something turns out to be a moving grid made of razor wire.
  • Color Motif: Played with. The room color has nothing to do with if there is a trap or not; however, on a meta level, the colors sometimes signify what happens within them;
    • White represents discovery. Any time the characters make some kind of discovery, it's within a white room.
    • Red represents death or distress. Kazan is disturbed by red rooms, and often characters will confront one another and fight in red rooms.
  • Conspiracy Theorist: Holloway believes that the Cube was constructed by an evil government, while she mocks Quentin for his own ideas that it's some rich psycho's entertainment. She turns out be only half-right; Worth (who worked on the Cube) explains that the Cube is a public project with no bureaucratic oversight.
  • Contrived Coincidence: The characters all end up meeting each other very quickly, despite the huge maze. No matter if this was intended by the people who put them in, or if it's simply the writer's choice - it's this trope. Although the ending suggests they were just all dumped one room from the entrance.
  • Cruel and Unusual Death: Alderson (who serves no real purpose in the film other than serving as a Decoy Protagonist) enters a orange-lit room from an adjacent one. When he takes a few steps, a loud sound is heard, and for a while, he just stands erect and in place. He then collapses into a loose pile of bloody chunks that fall to the floor. It is only then the audience sees a razor-wire trellis silently folding up and realise how he has been killed.
  • Cut-and-Paste Environments: All of the rooms look the exact same minus the colours; justified, because it's a maze. The set of the first movie actually is the same room over and over, with different color lights. (They didn't even have the budget to use six different colors, so it gets somewhat repetitive.)
  • Dead-End Room: The titular cube is a gigantic series of these. Some are booby-trapped, while others are safe, with almost no way of knowing until it's too late. Escape is made all the more difficult because the rooms move. Cube Zero implies that even if you escape, the monitors kill you, or worse lobotomize you and throw you back into the Cube.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Worth. Also, Leaven sometimes.
  • Dead Star Walking: The guy billed as the star of the movie and pictured on the poster gets diced five minutes in.
  • Decoy Protagonist: Alderson. Most of the other characters also fit this trope at one point or another; one of the selling points of the movie is that the viewer's perception of the characters is meant to change as the movie progresses.
  • Delayed Causality: The Clean Cut in the opening scene is followed by the character standing still for a few moments before the body parts fall apart.
  • Diabolus ex Machina: The chances of Quentin being in the room right next to the bridge room where the other characters are is about 20,000 to 1, considering that the rooms move around.
  • Diagonal Cut: The first trap seen seems to do nothing except go "schinggg" — until the hapless victim collapses into a pile of meat dice.
  • Domestic Abuse: It's implied that Quentin's wife left him because of his violent temper and that he was also abusive to his children.
  • Door to Before: A rare movie version of this; justified because the rooms move around.
  • Downer Ending: Characters are repeatedly set up as heroes in an escape for their lives from a mechanical maze, but they all end up dying or being killed by another character, except for the mentally disabled character. He would be the only person who could sound the alarm or summon help, but would not be able to communicate the situation, assuming he understood it at all.
  • Dramatic Drop: Quentin drops the boot when he finds Rennes' body despite travelling several rooms away from where he died.
  • Enclosed Space: The individual cubical rooms, which in the first movie are no more than 15 feet in diameter on the inside.
  • Everything Trying to Kill You: A good 95% of the rooms and maybe half of your fellow prisoners.
  • Eye Open: The film opens with a tight close-up of a man's eye when he wakes up to find himself in the Cube.
  • Fade to White: At the end, when Kazan exits the Cube and enters the white void beyond.
  • Famous Last Words:
  • Five-Second Foreshadowing: As the characters stand at the exit of the cube, moments before Quentin reappears and stabs Leaven, the sound of one of the doors opening can faintly be heard.
  • Good with Numbers: Leaven, and Kazan even more so.
  • Gorn: Many of the traps have extremely gory results.
  • The Government: At the end, one character declares that the eponymous deathtrap was built by the government, but no one in the government really knows why; it just sort of organically grew out of too much red tape and "boundless human stupidity".
  • Government Conspiracy: Subverted. The protagonists at first speculate that the government is responsible for the mysterious cubical death maze and putting innocent people in there. A character who is revealed to have worked on it explains that there is no grand master plan behind it and it sort of grew by itself without any oversight.
  • Hanlon's Razor: The doctor's assumption that the Cube is part of some maniacal government plot is immediately shot down by the revelation that it's just a senseless project on which no bureaucrat had the cojones to pull the plug. Once the truth sinks in, she admits that is actually worse.
    Worth: Not really. Just more pathetic.
  • The Hero Dies: Worth is stabbed in the stomach by Quentin.
  • High Concept: A group of strangers, trapped in a strange, shifting cube, fighting both each other and the cube itself.
  • Hannibal Lecture: Quentin and Holloway let fly at each other when things get particularly tense. This costs Holloway's life later, when Quentin suspects from her (apparently accurate) "The Reason You Suck" Speech that she's a spy and kills her.
  • Hollywood Acid: One of the characters meets his end when a trap splashes acid in his face.
  • I Can Live With That: Upon reaching the exit:
    Worth: I have nothing... to live for out there.
    Leaven: What is out there?
    Worth: Boundless human stupidity.
    Leaven: I can live with that.
  • Humans Are Bastards: The film repeatedly rams this point home while intertwining it with Humans Are Morons as the entire reason why the cube exists in the first place. The cube is apparently the result of a bureaucratic mix-up with separate agencies all working on different parts of the structure and putting people in it without knowing about each other's existence then being too dumb to actually just get rid of the cube. Everyone is part of and uphold a broken system run by incompetent and uncaring stooges and are so content to go about their lives they never question it. The revelation essentially destroys Holloway's Conspiracy Theorist mindset and puts Quentin through Sanity Slippage. Both end up chewed out by Leaven and Worth for their ignorance.
    Leaven: Have you been on glue all your lives?! I've felt guilty for ruining the world since I was like, seven! God, if you need someone to blame, throw a rock!
  • Idiot Ball: Holloway continuing to insult and argue with Quentin after the point it has become blatantly obvious he has become a violent psychopath. Generally speaking going out of your way to mock such a man is fairly counter-intuitive to your own survival which she unfortunately finds out to her cost.
  • Idiot Savant: Kazan, a severely mentally handicapped man who, to the rest of the people trapped in the Cube, is a nuisance at first, constantly banging his head against the walls, making weird honking noises and babbling about gumdrops. But later on it's discovered that he could find the prime factors of huge numbers in his head, and he ends up as their savior.
  • Impaled with Extreme Prejudice: How Quentin kills Leaven.
  • Inventional Wisdom: Worth believes that the only reason they were put into the Cube was because it had been built, rather than to admit building it was pointless.
  • It Can Think: Applied to a structure instead of a monster, but it still fits the purposes of the trope. The protagonists openly wonder if the Cube is actually watching them and calculating. According to the sequels, there are human operators.
  • It Was With You All A Long: The prisoners/subjects of the deathtrap-filled Cube start out in an unremarkable cubical room which happens to be the room one door away from the exit (after some shuffling), at the very end.
  • Killer Cop: What Quentin reveals to be, as he introduces himself as a beat cop in life, but becomes a murderer when he's had enough. Assuming he was telling the truth about being a cop...
  • Kick the Dog: Quentin trying to rape Leaven after Holloway's death.
  • Laughing Mad: Worth, briefly, upon rediscovering Rennes's dead body.
  • The Load: Kazan starts out this way. He's an autistic who is somehow able to survive in the Cube long enough to meet the other characters, especially given his knack for springing traps. Near the end it's discovered that he has a very useful skill, as he can perform the arithmetic required for navigating the cube extremely fast.
  • Location Theme Naming: All the characters are named after prisons. Quentin is named after San Quentin State Prison in California, Holloway after the Holloway Prison in London, Kazan after the prison in Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia. Rennes is named after a prison in Rennes, Britanny, France, Alderson after the prison in Alderson, West Virginia, and Leaven and Worth after the prison in Leavenworth, Kansas.
  • Meaningful Echo: Partway through the movie, Quentin says "Trust me on this. It's my job to read people like an x-ray." This is later echoed as "Try and see what I see. How my mind works. The flash when I look into someone's head like a fucking x-ray!", turning a previously innocuous line into proof of just how crazed and delusional he really is.
  • Meaningful Name: The characters themselves reflect the prisons they are named after in their personality traits. Kazan (the autistic man) is a disorganized prison. Rennes (the "mentor") pioneered many of today's prison policies. Quentin (the policeman who eventually goes Ax-Crazy) is known for brutality. Holloway is a women's prison. Alderson (who is killed before even so much as seeing another human being within the cube) is a prison where isolation is a common punishment. Leavenworth runs on a rigid set of rules (Leaven's mathematics), and the new prison is corporately owned and built (Worth, hired as an architect).
  • Mind Screw: The film intentionally offers no real explanations to what the Cube is and why the characters were placed in it. It just developed by itself, with one architect behind it saying, "Because it's here. You either use it, or admit it's pointless" (which, in and of itself is pretty mind-screwy).
  • Minimalist Cast: Only seven people. One of them appears only in the first scene and doesn't interact with the rest.
  • Mobile Maze: The Cube is a highly malicious, non-sentient (we hope) one. Near the end of the first movie the characters discover to their horror that all the rumbling machinery they've been hearing are rooms shifting around and they've been jumping from multiple locations the whole time. The Cube is only escapable when a specific room reaches the outer edge before the entire things locks and the room makes its next days-long journey through the maze. It's in fact the very room they started out in.
  • Moral Event Horizon: Quentin crosses it in-universe when he allows Holloway to drop to her death, then goes even further along when he tries to abandon Worth and Kazan, tries to rape Leaven, and violently beats Worth with a boot. It is after this that Leaven refuses to go anywhere near him.
  • Nobody Poops: Averted, as at least one character takes a leak in a corner.
  • No-Holds-Barred Beatdown: Quentin literally gives Worth "the boot" by beating him with it.
  • Offscreen Teleportation: Quentin, now insane, gets pulled down into a cube room and left by the other survivors, who have to use the composite of their knowledge and mathematical prowess to figure out how The Cube works and avoid the traps. They manage to get to the exit but then he shows up, kills Leaven and mortally wounds Worth. How he managed to get there without their aid to avoid trapped rooms and to figure out the final pieces of The Cube's puzzle is unknown. Even if he did somehow get there by sheer blind luck, Leaven and Worth also don't notice him opening the door, which is quite loud and clunky.
  • One-Word Title: Cube.
  • Portal Cut: Non-magical variation. Quentin dies when he's trapped halfway into one room and halfway into another, right as they start to move...
  • Prison Escape Artist: Rennes is a French escape artist known for getting out of jails. Subverted when he triggers a fatal booby trap shortly after he's introduced. There'll be no easy way out of the Cube, folks.
  • Psycho Party Member: Quentin.
  • Punch-Clock Villain: Although there are no direct examples, it's implied that the builders of the Cube were of this nature.
    "Have you ever been to the Military-Industrial Complex? I have, it's not that complex. It's made up of guys like me. Their desks are bigger, but their jobs aren't. They don't conspire, they buy boats."
  • Razor Floss: Grids of such wire are used in the series to kill off the first character we see in Cube. Many traps in the movie are like this.
  • Room 101: While never specifically revealed, there is some speculation that the cube is one of these. Even if you manage to live through the deadly deathtraps of death, the massive psychological horror experienced within might make you wish you hadn't. And that's only if the people outside the cube don't immediately kill you.
  • Right Hand vs. Left Hand: Discussed. It's eventually revealed that the giant death maze in which the protagonists find themselves trapped was—bizarrely—built without a genuine purpose. One of the architects who worked on the project concluded that there wasn't a malevolent master plan behind it, but was the result of a bureaucratic mix-up with separate agencies all working on different parts of the structure and putting people in it without knowing about each other's existence. Whether he's right is ultimately left up in the air.
  • R-Rated Opening: The dispatching of the initial prisoner is... graphic.
  • Sir Swearsalot: Quentin. While the amount of profanity in the movie as a whole isn't particularly remarkable, the fact that about 90% of comes out of his mouth certainly is. Especially when he nearly gets killed.
    Quentin: You fucking fuck!
  • Sarcastic Devotee: A good part of the film is spent establishing Worth as a villainous character - and he is indeed eventually revealed to have some relation to their predicament - but in the end, he proves to be more heroic than de facto The Captain Quentin.
  • Scary Black Man: Quentin — a police officer — starts out as the potential hero and leader of the victimized group. However, by the end of the film, he slowly turns into an evil scary black man. He ends up becoming the film's biggest threat, besides the dangerous Cube itself.
  • Shout-Out:
    • Quentin believes that the Cube is just some rich weirdo's fun house, like Scaramanga's.
    • As Worth is explaining to the group that the Cube isn't part of some evil scheme or government conspiracy, he tells them, "Big Brother isn't watching you."
  • Sinister Geometry: The protagonists are trapped in a grid of cubic rooms filled with deathtraps.
  • Sole Survivor: Kazan is the only one out of seven people to escape the cube alive, only to disappear in a white void right before the credits roll.
  • Spikes of Doom: There's a room where sound-activated spikes move out of the walls in every which direction.
  • Straw Nihilist: Worth, which he lampshades. He ends up helping the others, though.
  • Take My Hand: Subverted. As Holloway is lowered into the unthinkable abyss outside the cube by the other characters, using a rope made of their clothes, the structure shakes and everyone drops the rope. She begins to fall and Quentin is the only one who quickly manages to grab the slipping rope, almost getting pulled down himself. He then manages to pull back all of the rope and grab Holloway's hand, but just as she lets out a sigh of relief his smile turns to a psychopathic stare and he drops her.
  • The Teaser: The opening scene depicts the death of an unrelated character, setting the mood for the movie.
  • Traitor Shot: In the beginning, Worth gets a fairly extreme and suspicion-raising closeup. About halfway through the movie, he confesses that he helped design the cube the characters are trapped in.
  • The Un-Reveal: The movie ends just as the lone survivor has found the exit and manages to escape. To twist the knife further, he's so severely mentally disabled that he would be unable to tell anyone what he discovered. Then, according to Cube Zero, Kazan started the incident as one of the Cube operators, meaning he's known from the first second just how fucked up the monstrosity was.
  • Unusual Euphemism: Averted, as most characters will drop F-bombs when adequately frustrated, but as for Holloway...
    Holloway: Cats! Holy, holy cats!
  • Wham Shot:
  • Where It All Began: In a cruel twist of fate, the test subjects learn that the exit room was the very room they started out in, making their trek through the titular deathtrap dungeon a pointless waste of time and human life (although they wouldn't have found Kazan if they had stayed put, but then again, he might have gone off wandering on his own before everyone else woke up).
  • The World's Expert on Getting Killed: The group of people trapped in the death maze are quickly joined by Rennes aka "The Wren", a notorious escape artist who has gotten out of six different prison around the world. He introduces the idea of checking trapped rooms by throwing their boots in, advises the others to focus only on getting out lest they turn on each other and promises to get them all out of there if they can keep up. He dies minutes after being introduced due to a molecular-chemical sensor he didn't notice.
  • Writers Cannot Do Math:
    • Factoring a 3-digit number into its prime factors is not actually that difficult to do mentally; it just takes a minute, and some are easily memorised (e.g. the powers of 2).
    • Leaven, the team mathematician, also takes much longer than she should in working out if a number is prime or not, given it ends in a 5, and then factors a more difficult composite number relatively quickly.
  • You Wake Up in a Room: Or a cube, in this case. The characters all awaken, totally stumped as to where they are or how they got there.


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