Groups of gods
Ἄλγεα (Ἄλγος)Personifications of pain and sorrow, and distress, both the physical and mental/emotional. The sons and daughters of Eris.
Ἀμφιλλογίαι (Ἀμφιλογία)The gods and goddesses of Disputes, children of Eris, and no doubt the patrons of Flame War.
Ἀνδροκτασίαι (Ἀνδροκτασία)The female personifications of manslaughter, which is to say, slaughter during battle, and daughters of Eris.
Ἄνεμοι | VentiThese beings were Greek wind gods who were each ascribed a Cardinal direction from their particular special winds came, and each of them as ascribed to certain seasons and weather patterns. They were variously represented as gusts of wind, winged men, and as horses kept in the stables of the storm god Aeolus. Astraeus and Eos were their parents. Their Roman equivalent was the Venti.
There are four main gods, each representing a cardinal direction, and four secondary gods representing the other directions. They were: Boreas, Greek god of the cold north wind who brought Winter, known in Roman religion as Aquilo or Septentrio; Notus, Greek god of the South wind who brought the storms of late summer and autumn, known to the Romans as Auster, embodiment of the sirocco wind; Zephyrus (Zephyr) who was the Greek god of the West wind, the gentlest wind that brought light spring and early summer breezes, known in Rome as Favonius, who held domain over plants and flowers; and then there was Eurus, god of the unlucky east wind who was not associated with a season and known in Rome as Vulturnus, a tribal river god who became god of the river Tiber.
The four minor gods were: Kaikias, Greek god of the northeast wind, represented as a bearded man with a shield of hailstones, known as the "dark wind" whose Roman equal was Caecius; Apeliotes (Latin spelling, Apeliotus) was the Greek god of the southeast wind who brought good rain that helped farmers, and thus, is usually depicted in farmers's attire carrying fruit, clean shaven, with curly hair and a pleasant disposition, and his Roman equivalent was Subsolanus, who was sometimes considered the east wind by the Romans; Skiron (Skeiron), Greek god of the Northwest wind, depicted as bearded man tipping over a cauldron, representing the coming of winter, and his Roman equal was Caurus (Corus), the oldest Roman wind deities; Lips was the Greek god of the Southwest wind, usually depicted holding a ship's stern, whose Roman counterpart was Afer ventus (African wind), also called Africus, because Africa is southwest of Italy, natch.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of the winds.
- Yandere: Zephyr's most famous myth involved him being in love with Apollo's lover Hyacinth. The story ends when Hyacinth is accidentally killed by a blow to the head during a game of discus. Is some tellings however, Zephyr is the one responsible, having sent a gentle wind that would blow the discus off course.
Χάριτες (Χάρις) | GratiaeAlso know as the The Graces in Roman mythology, these goddesses (Aglaea "Splendor", Euphrosyne "Mirth", and Thalia "Good Cheer") were the patrons of charm, beauty, nature, human creativity and fertility. While Charis is technically the single form of their name and what they could be referred to as individually, in some stories, Charis is the name of a fourth member of their group and not the singular form. There are also sometimes mentioned with other members, such as Pasithea, but the first three are always included. Have many possible parents, most notably Zeus and Eurynome, but also Dionysus and Aphrodite, or Helios and a naiad named Aegle. Typically, the three Charities are sisters, with Thalia being the oldest, Euphrosyne being the middle sister, and Aglaea being the youngest. All the Charities, these three of others, were listed as attendants/messengers of Aphrodite, and Aglaea was sometimes thought to be the same as Aphrodite, since Aglaea was mentioned as the wife of Hephaestus (and the mother of four daughters by him). However, Homer says that Aglaea was Hephaestus's second wife, Hephaestus having gotten a divorce after catching Aphrodite with Ares in the net.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of splendor (Aglaea), mirth (Euphrosyne), festivities (Thalia) and rest and relaxation (Pasithea).
- God of Good: They all represent good and happy things, like parties, beauty, and relaxation.
- I Have Many Names: Aglaea was also called Kharis meaning grace, and Kale meaning beauty.
- Multiple-Choice Past: Aglaea and Thalia's father was Zeus but her mother could be Eunomia or Eurynome while Euphrosyne either had matching parentage or was the daughter of Erebos and Nyx. Pasithea was either the daughter of Hera or Dionysos.
Ἐρινύς | FuriesAlecto, Megaera and Tisiphone, the goddesses of vengeance. Born from the blood of the castrated Ouranos. They were depicted as ugly, winged women with hair, arms and waists entwined with poisonous serpents. They wielded whips and were clothed either in the long black robes of mourners, or the short-length skirts and boots of huntress-maidens.
- And I Must Scream: They whipped and chased the damned for all eternity.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of vengeance.
- Asexuality: They were often portrayed as virgin goddesses and one epithet for them was even "Aei Parthenous" ("Eternal Virgins"). Though this is contradicted by a story involving Tisiphone taking a lover (or trying to).
- Born as an Adult: In most versions, they sprang fully formed from the Earth after Ouranos' blood spilled onto Gaia's body, along with the Gigantes and the Meliae ash tree nymphs.
- Dark Is Not Evil: They're creepy and nasty, but their role is to enforce the laws.
- Divergent Character Evolution: Early on, they were treated as mostly interchangeable, usually only being brought up when the Gods decided to sic them on some poor sucker. Later myths would specifiy that there were three: Tisiphone, Megaera and Alecto.
- The Dreaded: Due to what they represented, people treated them with fear.
- Early Installment Weirdness: The early writings about them never gave them names and often didn't even clarify how many of them there were, only that there was more than one. Later stories would name them Alecto, Megaera and Tisiphone and specify their number as three.
- Humanoid Abominations: They were humanoid creatures with snakes for hair, batlike wings and could cry blood, and in general came off as bizarre and terrifying even compared to other gods. Not helped by the fact that in some versions, they're said to have been born from another Eldritch Abomination's blood.
- Knight Templar: Their name translates as "avengers".
- Meaningful Rename: Athena changed their names from "The Erinyes" to "The Eumenides" (The Kindly Ones) when she established the rule of law, and had them become its enforcers.
- Multiple-Choice Past: The most common one, based on Hesiod's Theogony is that they sprung forth from Ouranos' spilled blood. Aeschyluls, Lycophron, Vergil and Ovid claim that they were daughters of Nyx, and the Orphic Hymns even claim they were the daughters of Hades and Persephone!
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: "The Furies" is an obvious one. Tisiphone means "Vengeful Destruction", Alecto means "Unceasing Anger", and Megaera means "the Jealous One".
- Sadly Mythtaken: Modern depictions of the Furies will give them the Adaptational Wimp treatment, depicting them as generic monsters similar to the Gorgons and the Harpies; this disregards the fact that they were full on goddesses in the original mythos, and very scary ones at that.
- Speak of the Devil: Some myths say that if you curse someone on their names, they'll fly to that person and hound them constantly and relentlessly.
- Spontaneous Generation: The three were born fully formed from Ouranos' blood.
- Tears of Blood: In response to Orpheus.
- Terrible Trio: Though early myths never clarified how many of them there were, later ones who depict three particular ones—Alecto, Megaera and Tisiphone—and all three were frightful beings who tortured the souls of the wicked.
- The Ugly Guy's Hot Daughter: Inverted in the Orphic Hymns where they're Hades and Persephone's daughters—they're a trio of monstrous-looking goddesses born to a beautiful mother and an at least average-looking-to-attractive father.
- Whip It Good: Their standard form of punishment.
- Winged Humanoid: Greek Mythology is big on this. Modern portrayals depict them with the wings of a bat, but classical artwork gives them feathered, bird wings.
- Woman Scorned: Unsurprisingly, this happens when Tisiphone falls in love with a mortal, who then spurns her. She ends up turning a lock of her hair into a viper and prompting it to bite him.
ἜρωτεςA group of little love gods that resembled young men, and in later depictions little boys, with wings, they were part of Aphrodite's retinue. Four of them (Eros, Anteros, Himeros, and Pothos) were the sons of Aphrodite and Ares. note
Anteros was the god of requited love (i.e. returned love or "counter-love') as opposed to just love in general (or unrequited love, or lust) and was a punisher of those who scorn love or other's advances and the avenger of love unrequited. He was given to his brother Eros as a playmate, with the idea that love must be answered if it is to be proper. He physically resembles Eros, except with longer hair, and beautiful plumed butterfly wings. Unlike his brother, he said to be armed either with a Golden Club or arrows of lead.
Himeros was the god of sexual desire and unrequited love. Pothos was the god of longing and yearning.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of different aspects of love and attraction.
- The Charmer: Hedylogos, god of sweet-talk and flattery.
- Cupid's Arrow: While Eros obviously had his golden tipped arrows which caused Love at First Sight and his lead arrows to bring about Hate at First Sight, Anteros had a golden club and lead arrows to avenge unrequited love via Belated Love Epiphany.
- Has Two Daddies: Anteros in the myths where he's the son of Poseidon and Nerites. They're gods. Don't question it.
- Heart Beat-Down: Eros and Anteros especially with their above described weapons.
- Hermaphrodite: Trope namer Hermaphroditus was a handsome winged young man in appearance like his fellow Erotes before Salmacis clung to him and prayed fervently to never be parted from him. The gods granted her prayer by merging the two of them into a single being, half male and half female. Except in the older versions where Hermaphroditus was born that way.
- Love Deity: Of various aspects and traditions of romance, attraction and relationships.
- Mr. Fanservice: Despite many modern depictions portraying them as kids, the Erotes were classically depicted as impossibly beautiful young men who usually went around naked.
- Multiple-Choice Past: Eros and Himeros were either Protogenoi that greeted Aphrodite when she was born from the sea or her sons. Anteros was depicted as being the son of Poseidon and Nerites or Aphrodite and Ares. Hymenaeus was the son of a muse (Clio, Urania or Terpsichore) and Apollo or Aphrodite and Dionysus or the muse Calliope and Magnes, the grandson of Phrixus. Hermaphroditus is always the child of Hermes and Aphrodite (hence their name), but due to Ovid's usual revisionism, many are divided as to whether they were born intersex or ended up that way due to the gods' machinations.
- Theme Twin Naming: Eros with Himeros, and sometimes Eros and Anteros.
- Too Important to Walk: Aphrodite's chariot is depicted as being drawn by a pair of the Erotes in art.
- Walking Shirtless Scene: None of the Erotes were particularly fond of clothing in general, though Himeros usually carried a taenia which was a ribbon-like headband worn by athletes.
- Winged Humanoid: All the Erotes are depicted with feathered wings, and Anteros is sometimes described and depicted with plumed butterfly wings.
ΓραῖαιAlso called the Grey Witches, the Graeae were three sisters who shared one eye and one tooth amongst themselves. Though usually depicted as old, grey-haired women, sometimes, storytellers would portray them as beautiful, and in some legends, they were portrayed as being half-swan. They were apparently so old that they couldn't grasp the concept of human childhood. Their names were Deino (dread), Enyo (horror, not the same Enyo as the goddess of war), and Pemphredo (alarm). There is sometimes also a fourth named Persis (destroyer, slayer) or Perso. Perseus was able to get the women to tell him how to kill Medusa by stealing their one eye.
- Affably Evil: Often depicted as such.
- Blackmail: Perseus persuaded them into telling him where Medusa was by stealing their eye. Some versions say that he threw their eye into a river afterward.
- Body Horror: They share an eye and a tooth. One eye, and one tooth.
- Born as an Adult: An extreme example; they were born old women (although some say that they were pretty).
- Eyeless Face: Whenever one is wearing the eye, two of them are eyeless.
- Eye Scream: Downplayed, they regularly have to pluck out their own unique eye and hand it over to another sister, but it doesn't seem to pain them so much.
- Humanoid Abomination: They're inhumanely old, have magical powers, and have one eye and one tooth that they must share. In some versions they're actually half-swan, half-human.
- LEGO Body Parts: Swap the Eye and Tooth around quickly and easily.
- Meaningful Name: "Deino" means "Dread", "Pamphredo" means "Alarm" and "Enyo" means "Horror". Fits with the fact that all three of them are viscerally terrifying.
- Mystical White Hair: The stories that depict them as beautiful say that they were only called "old" because they had white hair.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: Let's repeat it, their names mean Dread, Alarm and Horror'.
- Sadly Mythtaken: The Disney Hercules film gave their defining trait, sharing one eye, to the Moirai (Fates), causing confusion.
- The Weird Sisters: A trio of wicked old witches with detachable body parts.
- Threw My Bike on the Roof: In some versions of the myth, Perseus (who is otherwise a fairly Nice Guy) throws their eye in the river or in a lake.
- Wicked Witch: Generally depicted as such and likely the Trope Makers.
ὯραιThe goddesses of the seasons and the natural portions of time. Started out as general personifications of nature itself in its different seasonal aspects, but later evolved into being the goddesses of order in general and natural justice in particular. Were noted to guard the gates of Olympus, promote the Earth's fertility, and rally stars and constellations. If all of this sounds a little confusing, it is. Lack of unity among the myths has lead to disagreement on some things about these goddesses, including their exact number and even who they are. The most agreed upon number is that there are three of them at any given time, and there are two generations: Thallo, Auxo and Carpo, who were goddesses of the order of nature, and Eunomia, Diké, and Eirene, who were law and order goddesses.
Argos had its own duo of Horae, Damia and Auxesia. Hyginus, a Latin author identified yet a third set made up of Pherousa (goddess of substance and farm estates), Euporie or Euporia (goddess of abundance), and Orthosie (goddess of prosperity). Nonnus, a Greek epic poet, mentions yet another set of four Horae, Eiar, Theros, Cheimon and Phthinoporon, whose names were the Greek words for spring, summer, winter and autumn.
And then, finally, there was a completely different group of Hours, who personified the twelve hours, (originally ten) of the day.
Ὑσμῖναι (Ὑσμίνη)Spirits of fighting and combat, and children of the goddess Eris. While some sources mix them together with their siblings the Mahkai and have the Hysminai present on battlefields, their focus was on forms of non-martial combat, including things like singular duels, fist fights, and street fights. Apparently depicted on the shield of Achilles as described in an account of the Trojan War.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of war and combat.
- Odd Job Gods: One of many gods/daemons that represented highly specific aspects of combat; in their case, fighting that is not part of a war, such as duels or street fights.
Κῆρες | Tenebrae / LetumThe Keres (singular Ker), were daemons and sisters, the daughters of Nyx and Erebus (just how many kids did these two have?) Their Latin counterpart was the Tenebrae (The Darkness) or Letum (Death). They were dark, bat winged, beings with gnashing teeth and claws, and a thirst for (human) blood. They favored death from bleeding out (as opposed to Thanatos, who presided over all forms of death) and hovered over battlefields looking for wounded and dying men to devour and send to Hades.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of violent death.
- Odd Job Gods: Specialized psychopomps who only go after those who've died of blood loss.
- Our Vampires Are Different: They have several features in common with more monstrous takes on vampires. In particular bat wings and their manic thirst for blood.
- Psychopomp: One of the scariest out there. Rather than guiding a soul away they pounced on a dying person, sucked them dry, and cast their soul aside.
Μάχαι (Μάχη)The gods or spirits (daemons) of battles and children of Eris. They're sometimes confused with their siblings, the Hysminai (gods of fighting not during battle).
Μοῖραι | Parcae / FātaA trio of goddesses: Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos. They are the daughters of Nyx and Erebus, or of Zeus and Themis. They determine fate and controlled the life cycle. Clotho would determine when someone is born by spinning a length of thread on a spinning wheel, Lachesis would allot the length of time a person had to live by measuring the thread, and Atropos would sever the thread with a pair of shears when it was time for them to die. By the Romans, they were known as Nona, Decima and Morta respectively, and collectively called the Parcae. This is where we get words like 'Morality'.
- Action Girl: They fought in the war between the Gods and Giants and killed Agrios and Thoon with bronze maces.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: More than just deities that control fate, they are fate.
- Cool Old Lady: They were feared, yes, but they would also help out gods and mortals, like warning Meleager's mother about his life being tied to a stick, and aiding the Olympians in the Gigantomachy and the fight against Typhon. Women would swear by them, and brides would offer them locks of hair.
- Dark Is Not Evil: They sided with Zeus in his battle against Typhon and even tried to hinder Typhon by feeding him a poisonous fruit and telling him that it was a Power-Up Food.
- Decomposite Character: At one point, they may have been one goddess named Moira (sources are unclear), but were later separated out into the famous trio.
- The Dreaded: All three of them were feared by mortals and deities, especially Atropos.
- Ethereal White Dress: Commonly remembered as women in black, but the original myths say that they wore white, and are heavily associated with death and moving between worlds.
- Master of Threads: The Fates are a trio of goddesses who control destiny through the thread they spin.
- Meaningful Names: Clotho, the name of she who spins the thread of life, means "the weaver". Lachesis, the name of the one who measures the thread, means "the distributor of lots". Atropos, the name of she who cuts the thread of life, means "the inevitable".
- The Old Gods: They pre-date the Olympians, and in most stories even the Titans. They are conceptually why even immortals must adhere to the cause and effect that is fate.
- The Omnipotent: As they are embodiments of fate, they can create any factor, or shape any event. Mortals and gods alike are subject to such events, being a god, at best, makes you aware of them.
- The Omniscient: They know everything. This of course, comes with the territory of being the Goddesses of Fate.
- The Omniscient Council of Vagueness: Basically their role in any story they appear in. Their main purpose seems to be to just sit there, weaving the Tapestry of Fate and discussing the exploits of the Gods and heroes, as well as knowing everything.
- Powers That Be: Referring to them as three woman is metaphorical at best. They are some of the only deities which don't just have the powers of something (In this case fate) but are the pure embodiment of it.
- Seers: As the Goddesses of Fate, they are capable of seeing the future.
- Shear Menace: Atropos and her life thread-cutting shears of destiny are the Trope Maker.
- The Three Faces of Eve: When not portrayed as a trio of old women, they are portrayed as maiden (Clotho), mother (Lachesis), and crone (Atropos).
- You Can't Fight Fate: It's in Atropos' name. This was a big deal in Ancient Greece.
ΜοῦσαιCompletely unlike the gospel singing, Ambiguously Brown character of the Disney Hercules film, the Muses were the Greek goddesses of the inspiration of literature, science and the arts. One of the largest groups in Olympus, their members were: Calliope, Clio, Erato, Euterpe, Melpomene, Polyhymnia, Terpsichore, Thalia, and Urania. Each goddess represented a different domain (for example, Calliope represented Epic Poetry) and the goddesses were said to be the source of knowledge passed through the oral legends and myths.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Each Muse represents something different:
- Καλλιόπη / Calliope: Epic Poetry - The Münchausen
- Κλειώ / Clio: History - Bookworm
- Ἐρατώ / Erato: Love Poetry - It's Not Porn, It's Art
- Eὐτέρπη / Euterpe: Music - Elegant Classical Musician
- Μελπομένη / Melpomene: Tragedy - The Eeyore
- Πολυύμνια / Polyhymnia: Hymns - God-Is-Love Songs
- Τερψιχόρη / Terpsichore: Dance - Dancing with Myself
- Θάλεια / Thalia: Comedy - Plucky Comic Relief
- Οὐρανία / Urania: Astronomy - Astrologer
- Greek Chorus: Ur-Example, Trope Namer, and Trope Codifier: they are literally and figuratively The Greek Chorus in plays and the reason the role is named as such.
- Fourth-Wall Observer: Before plays they come out and make introductions and set-up, then they merge into the plays themselves as background extras - flitting between narrator minor characters as needed.
- Groupie Brigade: For the other gods, but especially for Apollo.
- Lemony Narrator: Depending on the acting troop playing them, they may exude various levels of snark and/commentary about a specific play unfolding.
- The Muse: Ur-Example, Trope Namer, and Trope Codifier. The Muses were the goddesses of the arts and were said to inspire all creative works. Many poems begin with an invocation to the Muses to grant the poet the ability to give their subject the epic telling it deserves.
- The Music Meister: Orpheus is said to have picker up this ability from them.
- Parental Substitute: Calliope is Orpheus's mother, but all nine raised him. They also were this to Pegasus in-between his birth and bridling.
Νείκεα (Νεῖκος)The spirits of Arguments and children of Eris. They are probably the patrons of Insane Troll Logic and logical fallacies. Not to be confused with the Amphilogiai, fellow children of Eris who represent disagreements.
ὌνειροιMore than likely children of Nyx (though Multiple-Choice Past strikes again here) these gods were the gods of dreams and were close siblings to Hypnos. There were three (or just three prominent ones depending on the myth), and they were Morpheus (a god who appeared in dreams as human figures), Phobetor, also called Icelus, (a god who appeared in dreams as various animals and monsters, being the personification of nightmares), and Phantasos (a god who appeared in dreams as inanimate objects). Together, the siblings lived together in the Dream World, a realm located somewhere in the Underworld.
Other sources place Morpheus, at least, as Pasithea's son by Hypnos (sleep + illusions/hallucinations = dreams).
Φονοι (Φονος)The sons of Eris who presided over murder, killing, and slaughter out of battles. The patron gods of those who think Murder Is the Best Solution.
Φευδολόγοι (Φευδολόγος)The Gods of Lies and sons of Eris.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of lies and falsehoods.
ΨυχαιFemale personifications of pleasure and pluralizations of the goddess Psyche, making them something of an in-universe A Kind of One. They were portrayed as beautiful young women with butterfly wings and were in most respects the female counterparts to the Erotes. They even pulled Aphrodite's chariot from time to time.
- Anthropomorphic Personifications: Of sensual pleasures.
- Hot God: As to be expected of not just Olympians, but love goddesses, they are all very beautiful and proudly show it off.
- Pretty Butterflies: They sport a pair of butterfly wings on their backs.
- Winged Humanoid: They were winged just like the Erotes. However while the Erotes had angel/bird wings, the Psychai had butterfly wings.
ἈκεσώThe daughter of Asclepius and Epione, and goddess of the healing process.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of the healing process.
- Flat Character: Even less is said about Aceso than Iaso.
- Odd Job God: His divine domain is a derivative of a derivative; Apollo was the original god with healing amongst his domains, which he passed on to his son Aesclepius (the god of the medical field), who in turn had a lot of kids who all represented different aspects of healing. Aceso in particular was the goddess of the process of healing.
ἈχλύςOne of the goddesses suffering from a Multiple-Choice Past due to Continuity Snarl, Achlys is either a primordial god, or a daughter of Nyx, in which case she is sometimes portrayed as one of the Keres. Achlys is the goddess of the eternal night, aka the Mist of Death, which clouds the eyes of the dying. She is depicted as a pale, emaciated, and weeping woman, with chattering teeth, swollen knees, long nails on her fingers, bloody cheeks, and her shoulders thickly covered with dust.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: In some tellings, she's the embodiment of sorrow.
- Odd Job Gods: In some of her versions, she's the goddess of the cloudy eyes corpses have.
ἈδράστειαAnother goddess of revenge, she was also a goddess of balance and appears to have been tied with war, like her father Ares. Perhaps because of her role, she was often equated with Nemesis, who also had an epithet of "Adrasteia" (which, confusingly enough, is also the name of a nymph who nurtured Zeus).
ἈγώνGreek god of competition and competitive games, in particular, the Olympic Games. Among the words we get from his name are agony, antagonism, protagonist, etc.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Interestingly, he was one of Competitive games, not some abstract concept.
ἈλαλάGoddess of the war cry and daughter of Polemos, she was an attendant of Ares who used her name as his war cry, and Greek soldiers used this battle cry before battle. Greek soldiers used a similar cry in World War II. Listed as a member of the Makhai.
ἌλγοςA lesser-known god or goddess who personifies grief and sorrow. Child of Eris.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of grief and sorrow.
ἉλκήThe goddess of battle-strength, prowess, and courage. She was listed as another member of the Makhai. Presumably a daughter of Eris.
ΑμηχανιαSister of Penia and Greek goddess of helplessness. Often traveled around with her sisters.
Ἀμφιτρίτη | SalāciaSea goddess and Poseidon's wife. In Rome, she was conflated with Neptune's wife, Salacia, goddess of saltwater. Multiple-Choice Past strikes again: Some call her a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, thus making her an Oceanid and possibly a Titaness, while other tales identify her as the daughter of Nereus and Doris, making her a Nereid, while another group say she is a personification of the sea itself. She and Poseidon had a son, named Triton, and at least one daughter, named Rhode and possibly another, named Benthesikyme.
- Holy Water: Greek tradesman, sea and land, held a ceremony to Amphitrite before they left, said ceremony involvd boiling water, the water was at that point considered blessed by Amphitrite and safer to drink. It is ambigious if they knew the boiling itself purified water or thought the prayer to Amphitrite prior to the boiling is what did it.
- Hot Consort: Amphitrite is always displeyed as very conventionally attractive, even when Poseidon isn't.
- Marriage of Convenience: Crossed with Altar Diplomacy. Poseidon married Amphitrite to get lordship of the oceans from her father without a fight. For her side, Amphitrite accepted the marriage to be queen of the oceans instead of just one of hundreds of ocean princesses.
- Ocean Awe: Amphitrite is basically assigned as the goddess of this concept - serene waterscapes.
- Top Wife: While there are no survining credible writings of the two having any sort of romance, we do have reference that 1. Amphitrite is Poseidon's favorite lover, 2. Amphitrite is never threatened by any of the affairs, 3. Outside the affairs Poseidon had a very traditional nuclear family with her and Trident - their son, and 4. The two were at the very least fond of each-other. Their marriage is generally portrayed as far less turbulent than Zeus and Hera's marriage if a bit less passionate, though Hades and Persephone's marriage still put both to shame.
Απάτη | FrausThe daughter of Nyx and Erebos, Apate was the Greek personification of deceit and was one of the evil spirits released from Pandora's Box. Her Roman equivalent is Fraus, from which we get the word fraud. She had many siblings, including Nemesis and Keres. Her counterpart is Dolos, the god of trickery, who was also a spirit released from Pandora's box.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of deceit.
- Evil Twin: Looks identical to Alethia, the goddess of truth (despite not being sisters). The only way to tell them apart is that Apate does not have real feet, either having fake ones or none whatsoever.
- God of Evil: She is a goddess of deception and one of the evils held in Pandora's Box.
- Magical Accessory: Had a magical, multicolored belt that made the wearer a better lier by making people more likely to believe whatever you tell them.
- Red Right Hand: Apate does not have (real) feet below her ankles. It's the one way to tell her apart from Alethia.
Ἀρετή | VirtūsAt its basic level, Arete was a concept that was extremely important to the Greeks, commonly thought of as meaning "virtue", its meaning is closer to something like, "being the best you can be," or "reaching your highest human potential." So it's natural that there was a goddess that represented the concept. Arete, as a goddess, was the personification of this idea and was the daughter of Praxidike and the sister of Homonoia. Her contested Roman equivalent is Virtus. The only know tale of her has her and her counterpart Kakia (goddess of vice), offering Herakles a Secret Test of Character, which he of course passed.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: 'Arete' was both an ideal and the goddess of said ideal. While the concept arete doesn't have a direct English translation, but 'moral excellence' and 'one's best possible self' are decent descriptions.
- God of Good: She personified virtue, excellence, and the ideal of what you could become. All Greeks aspired to her concept.
- Good Counterpart: To Kakia, the goddess of temptation and vice.
A minor god primarily known for rustic arts like beekeeping and cheesemaking. In some versions of the Orpheus and Eurydice myth, he attempted to assault Eurydice on her wedding day, inadvertently causing her unfortunate death.
- Laser-Guided Karma: In myths where he was involved with Eurydice's death, all his bees died and he was prevented from practicing apiculture until he made a sacrifice to her soul.
ἌρκηDaughter of Thaumas and Elektra and twin sister of the Olympians' messenger and goddess of rainbows Iris. During the Titanomachy, Arke betrayed the Olympians and became a messenger for the Titans, and when the battle ended, Zeus punished her by tearing off her wings and casting her into Tartarus. Eventually, her wings were given to Thetis as a wedding gift.
Ἀσκληπιός | VēdiovisIn Greek mythology, the patron of medicine and son of Apollo.He not only cured the sick but recalled the dead to life. This rare authority over Hades may have derived from the circumstances of his own birth.Koronis, a lake nymph, was impregnated by Apollo, yet dared to take in secret a human being as a second lover. So furious was the god on discovering the infidelity that he sent his sister Artemis to slay Koronis. This she did with a pestilence. When the fire was already blazing around the lake nymph on the funeral pyre, Apollo felt compassion for his unborn son and removed him from the corpse. In this manner, Asclepius came into the world and was taught the art of healing by Chiron, the wisest of the Centaurs, beast-like monsters who dwelt in the woodlands. The success of this instruction was so great that Zeus, fearing lest men might contrive to escape death altogether, killed Asclepius with lightning; but at Apollo's request, he was revived, according to some authors. Was associated with the Roman god Vejovis and his staff, The Rod of Asclepius, remains a symbol of medicine to this day. note
- Back from the Dead: He was so good at healing he could bring the dead back to life, and when he was killed for this, Apollo had him raised as a deity in his own right.
- Healer God: As the god of medicine. He also had a family of minor gods that took various subordinate roles, like remedies, healing process, and recovery.
- The Medic: As a mortal.
- Physical God
- Super Doc: Even in his mortal days, he was so good at healing that he could bring people back to life.
Ἀστραῖα | IūstitiaA Greek goddess of justice (similar to the Horae, Dike, who she is sometimes equated with) and also of innocence and purity. She is not to be confused with the goddess Asteria. Called the Celestial Virgin, she is said to be one of the last goddesses to come to Earth during man's Golden Age, and, according to Ovid, abandoned Earth during the Iron Age. Fleeing humanity's wickedness, she fled to heaven and became the constellation Virgo, her scales of justice becoming the constellation Libra. Like Dike, she is associated with the Roman goddess Justitia (also known as Lady Justice). One day, it is said that she will return to Earth, bringing with her the return to the utopic Golden Age.
ἌτηPerhaps a daughter of Zeus or Eris (or both), she was the goddess of mischief, delusion, folly, and reckless impulsiveness that leads to ruin. In Homer's Iliad, she is said to be Zeus's oldest child, and her mother is not mentioned. Hera used Ate to make Zeus swear that, on that very day, a mortal son of his would be born who would be a great ruler. Afterward, Hera sought to delay Hercules's birth and to birth prematurely Eurystheus, Hera's hero and direct counterpoint to Hercules. In anger, Zeus punished Ate by throwing her down to Earth and forbidding her from ever returning to Heaven or Mt. Olympus. Ate wanders the Earth now, making hell for everybody who meets her. Supposedly followed by the Litae (Prayers), who act as her healers, but cannot keep up with Atë, who runs too fast.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of ruin caused by reckless actions and delusion.
- The Corrupter: Her whole schtick.
- God of Evil: She's the god of folly and ruin, and nothing good ever comes from meeting her.
- Walking the Earth: Her punishment, though it is said she walks on the heads of men rather than the ground.
- Satanic Archetype: Perhaps the Ur-Example. Cast out from heaven, walking the Earth and tempting mortals into sin... who does that sound like?
ΒίαThe goddess and personification of force, Bia, daughter of Pallas and Styx and sister of Nike, Kratos, and Zelus. She and her siblings were Zeus's constant companions, as they, along with their mother, help Zeus fight the Titans. In Aeschylus' Prometheus Bound, she along with Hephaestus and Kratos bound the Titan Prometheus.
Κητώ / Κράταιις / ΤρίενοςAn early, powerful sea goddess, sometimes conflated with Hecate. Mother of a race of monsters with Phorcys, called the Phorcydes, which include Echidna, and (sometimes) The Gorgons (including Medusa), Ladon, Scylla, and The Graeae.
- Abduction Is Love/Claimed by the Supernatural/Florence Nightingale Effect: Definitely on her end, how "in love" Odysseus was is debatable but most likely he was just buying time till he could escape.
- Domain Holder: Has absolute power over her island, stopping people from leaving and effectively stopping time there so Odysseus would not age.
- Hospital Hottie: Heals Odysseus after his shipwreck and seduces him at the same time.
- Lima Syndrome: Despite holding him against his will her feelings for Odysseus were genuine and she was not doing it out of cruelty or mistreating him in anyway OTHER than not allowing him to leave.
- Physical God
ΚίρκηSometimes called a witch, sorceress, enchantress, or nymph. Multiple-Choice Past again, however, she is usually seen as a daughter of Helios and Perse, though some see her as the daughter of Hecate. Called "The loveliest of all immortals", she was known for turning people she didn't like into animals and having a truly massive knowledge of drugs and herbs. She lives in a large mansion, which she surrounded with feral predators she culled with her magic. She is most well known for her run-in with Odysseus: She turned some of his crew into pigs and Odysseus set out to rescue them from her, using advice given by Hermes as an aid. Following Hermes' advice, Odysseus succeeded in freeing his men and gaining Circe's trust, and she helped him on his journey.
- Back from the Dead: In one version of the Telegony, she brings Odysseus back to life after their son Telegonus kills him without knowing him. In another, he stays dead.
- Baleful Polymorph:
- In The Odyssey, she turns some of Odysseus' crew into pigs.
- Jealous of the sea god Glaucus's love for the nymph Scylla, she turned the poor girl into a monster.
- She also turned King Picus's wife into a woodpecker when he remained faithful.
- Compelling Voice: Her beautiful songs lure men to her island, where she turns them into animals.
- Defeat Means Friendship: She's a Graceful Loser after Odysseus outwits her, to the point where they become lovers and she aids him in his journey.
- The Exile: Sent to Aeaea by her father Helios for killing her husband, the prince of Colchis.
- For the Evulz: There's really no motive given for why she turns men into animals. It's not that she Does Not Like Men, because she hooks up with Odysseus (and Telemachus), and falls/fell for Glaucus at some point.
- Hot Witch: "The loveliest of all immortals".
- I Gave My Word: Even she won't go back on an oath taken in the name of all the gods.
- Immortality Inducer: At the end of the Telegony, she makes Telegonus, Telemachus and Penelope immortal like herself. If Odysseus isn't dead anymore, she does the same for him, too.
- It Is Pronounced "Tro-PAY": Usually Sur-see in English, but it's actually Kee-r-kee.
- Love Father, Love Son: According to The Telegony, she shacks up with Telemachus. In one version, this turns into a weird double example with Penelope, who ends up with Telegonus, Circe's son with Odysseus.
- MayflyDecember Romance: Any relationship she has with a mortal counts, technically. Perhaps notable is that she shacked up with Odysseus, and later his son (by Penelope) Telemachus in the Telegony.
- Physical God: She's got immortality, powerful mystic abilities and direct divine ancestry.
- The Power of the Sun: Her powers are said to come from her father, the sun god Helios. Light Is Not Good ensues.
- Solitary Sorceress: Lived all alone on her island, Aeaea.
- Supernatural Gold Eyes: Like all descendants of Helios, she has fiery eyes.
- The Transmogrifier: Renowned for transforming people she didn't like into animals - or worse: she turned the nymph Scylla into a monster out of jealousy, transformed Picus into a woodpecker for refusing her advances, and famously reduced several members of Odysseus's crew to pigs. In some versions of the story, her island is infested with various beasts - all of them former explorers who found themselves on the receiving end of her bad mood.
- Unwitting Instigator of Doom: Gave her son Telegonus a magical spear tipped with a ray's poisonous sting in order to protect him on his journeys. When he washed up on Ithaca, Telegonus tried to make a meal out of some cattle that belonged to Odysseus, who tried to stop him, and so Telegonus Crocodile-Huntered his own father. It's okay in some versions 'cause she brings him back.
- Yandere: She's got a nasty habit of transforming the love interests of men she loves into animals.
Κυβέλη | Magna MaterA Phrygian Mother Goddess, Cybele was a wildly popular goddess throughout Anatolia, her cult eventually filtered its way back to Greece and the Hellenistic World, eventually coming to Rome in the form of Magna Mater ("the Great Mother"). The only known Phrygian Goddess, her only major myth concerns her relationship with the mortal Attis. She's often depicted wearing a mural crown and seated in a chariot pulled by lions.
- Canon Immigrant: Originally a Phrygian Goddess, she would make her way to Greece via the Greek colonies in Anatolia.
- Chariot Pulled by Cats: Well, by lions, so close enough.
- Crippling Castration: Seems to play a major role in her myths:
- Originally, Cybele was born as the intersex deity Agdistis, but the Olympians fearing their power, cut off their male organ and created the female Cybele. The discarded member eventually grew into an almond tree.
- Later, Attis, who was conceived when a princess laid an almond from the same tree on her bosom, was about to be married, Cybele interrupted the wedding and the sight of her drove Attis to go mad and castrate himself, which also inspired his would-be father-in-law to do the same and pledge himself to the service of Cybele. Which is why Cybele's priests are all eunuchs.
- Composite Character: When she first arrived in Greece a lot of her attributes were initially given over to other goddesses, Gaea, Rhea, and Demeter in particular.
- Foreign Fanservice: Even when she developed a distinct Greek cult, she was always acknowledged as having come from Phrygia in Anatolia and thus was seen as exotic and mysterious.
- Mother Goddess: She was known as "The Mother of the Gods", and the "Mother of Mountains". Eventually, under the Romans, she took on a role as a protectress of cities, and of the Empire as a whole.
- The Prophecy: Was the subject of one, after several inauspiscous signs during the Second Punic War (the one with Hannibal) including a failed harvest and famine, the Romans consulted the Sybilline Books and discovered that Rome would triumph if they brought the cult of Cybele to the city. After confirming the prophecy with the Oracle of Delphi, they brought the cult image of Cybele to the city, just in time for Hannibal to be defeated.
Δεῖμος | Formīdō / MetūsBrother of Phobos (and, like him, had a moon of Mars named after him), and the son of Ares, Deimos is the god of terror who commonly accompanied his father, brother, Aunt Enyo, and Eris into war, along with his father's attendants, Trembling, Fear, Dread, and Panic. More of an abstract personification of sheer terror, especially that which is brought on by war, he doesn't really appear in any tales. His Roman equivalent is Formido or Metus. He's also the namesake of the smaller of Mars' two moons.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of terror.
ΔίκηGoddess of mortal justice and fair judgment. She is sometimes counted among the Horae. As a daughter of Zeus and Themis, she was sent to Earth to help maintain order among mankind. She would reward virtue and punish the guilty. Eventually, she grew tired and disgusted with humanity's wickedness. She fled back to Olympus where she reports to Zeus the evil deeds of man and the perverted judgments of justice so he can punish them accordingly.
- God of Good: She's the god of fairness and moral judgement.
- Golden Age: Said to have enjoyed the company of Golden Age humans and been much kinder. As each subsequent race of men was increasingly wicked she became less caring and merciful.
- Physical God
- Too Good for This Sinful Earth: She fled Earth because as the goddess of justice, the injustice of humanity was too much for her.
Δόλος | MendaciusGod of trickery and guile, the master of masters at cunning deception, craftiness, and treachery. A patron to would-be chessmasters everywhere. Was an apprentice to Prometheus. Possibly a child of Nyx or Gaia.
ΔυσνομίαDaughter of Eris, and goddess of Lawlessness (though some call her a daemon), and was considered similar to Ate. Didn't figure much in Greek myth. Eris the dwarf planet has a moon named after her.
ΕἰλείθυιαAs her overly weird name might attest to, this goddess is not a native Greek one, but a transplant from Crete, who became the Greek goddess of childbirth and midwifery. She was the divine helper of women in labor, and, though it's agreed upon generally that her mother is Hera, her father's identity is disputed.
- Butt-Monkey: Her most common role in mythology is to get kidnapped by Hera so one of Zeus's illegitimate kids won't be born until she gets released.
- Canon Immigrant: More than likely did not originate from Greece but with the Minoans of Crete.
- Flat Character: Was well known among Greeks, but has few stories and little is developed of her character, other than 'chronic victim of Hera'.
Ἔλεος | ClēmentiaOne of the many children of Nyx. The goddess and personification of pity, mercy, clemency, and compassion. Because she is entity or force, rather than a person, she lacks a defined appearance in Greek mythology, with the only consistency in her appearances being that she is a young woman with a blue veil or dress. A very hard god to deal with even by her worshippers, she is is shy, weak, sad, constantly depressed, filled with grief and mentally vulnerable all the damn time, even when there is no good reason to be so. In Rome, her counterpart is Clementia.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of pity, mercy, clemency and compassion.
EndovelicusA less known deity worshipped by the Romans, he actually came from the Lusitanian Mythology, but after the Romans conquered the Iberian Peninsula he became quite a popular deity, until of course the arrival of Christianity. He was a god of healing and light and was often referred to as Deus, a title now used when referring to the Christian God in Portuguese.
- Canon Immigrant
- Healer God
- Hijacked by Jesus: Being a god of light was apparently enough for the Christians to identify him as Lucifer after pagan religions were replaced by Christianity.
- Inexplicably Awesome: As the result of being an addition from a different religion, he never quite fit into the scheme of the pantheon. and we don't really know what his deal was.
- Light 'em Up
- Light Is Good
- Physical God
- Spell My Name with an "S": Aendovelicus and, in Portuguese, Endovaelico are alternative spellings/pronounciations of the name.
Ἐνυώ | Bellōna / DuellōnaA war goddess alongside Ares, she was his companion and counterpart and occasionally his wife. May have had a son by him named Enyalius in earlier legends, but that name was later conflated with Ares himself (helps that Enyalius was also a war god). Enyo, a daughter of Hera and Zeus, was responsible for orchestrating the destruction of cites, much to her enjoyment, and often accompanied Ares directly into battle. Alongside Eris, Deimos, and Phobos, she instigated the horrors of war. Tied to the Roman goddess Bellona whose name is related to the Latin word for war, bellum. The older form of Bellona's name was Duellona and she was sometimes identified as Mars' wife, sometimes as his sister. When Rome declared war on someone, the Fetial priests had to throw a spear from a column in front of her temple. Bellona was later identified with the Cappadocian Earth and Mother goddess Ma.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of destruction.
- Blood Knight: Possibly the biggest one in the Greek Pantheon, even beating out Ares! Notably, when Zeus went up against Typhon, a creature that all the Greek gods feared, she refused to take sides, instead she delighted in watching the conflict from afar!
- Breakout Character: By comparing it to her Greek conflation, Bellona was far more prominent than Enyo, with her arguably taking the title of the pantheon's predominant War Goddess from Minerva/Athena. Bellona remained depicted in art long after the Roman Empire's fall as a symbol of war as well (for example, Shakespeare references her in Macbeth) - indeed, ancient Roman visual depictions of her haven't seemed to have survived. From the constant Roman perspective over the years though, Bellona's name just only changed as she was a popularly-worshiped goddess among the Romans long before their religion merged with the Greeks. Funnily enough, while various Roman worship practices of her remain pretty known by historians even before she was merged with Enyo, actual myths involving her are scant.
- BrotherSister Incest: With Ares, but you should be used to this by now.
- God of Evil: She was essentially the goddess of War Is Hell.
- Obligatory War Crime Scene: Her MO was to cause these.
- Physical God
- Rape, Pillage, and Burn: Also part of her MO.
- War Goddess
- War Is Hell: She makes it like this and would have it no other way.
ἨπιόνηThe Greek goddess of the soothing of pain, the wife of Asklepios, and the mother of some of his children.
Ἔρις | DiscordiaThe goddess of Strife and Discord, she is found in Roman mythology as Discordia and has a dwarf planet named after her. Is widely considered a less than pleasant goddess with even more than unpleasant children. She is the daughter of Nyx, which may explain how she got her job. Homer equated her with Enyo, resulting in her being also thought of as the daughter of Zeus and Hera, though they are clearly not the same god. Actually escorted the monster Typhon into his battle with Zeus and had a hand in causing the war between Greece and Troy. Has become a deity in the modern religion of Discordianism. A dwarf planet is named after her... rather appropriately, it's the one that sparked the creation of 'dwarf planet' as a category and led to Pluto's demotion. Eris would absolutely be proud.
- Affably Evil: A common interpretation of her.
- Always Chaotic Evil: Her whole character, however, Discordianism makes her much nicer.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of discord.
- Apple of Discord: Her symbol is the Trope Namer best known for when she used it to start the Trojan War.
- Asexuality: Most likely; all of Eris' many children were explicitly conceived without a father and Eris was almost never depicted as taking any lovers, male or female.
- Chaos Is Evil: Generally seen as one of the more malevolent goddesses.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Started the Trojan War over not being invited to a wedding.
- Evil Is Petty: It's hard to top starting a gigantic war for not being invited to a wedding.
- For Want of a Nail: Even beyond her golden apple causing the Trojan War - from what The Aeneid says, her actions would indirectly cause the founding of Rome.
- For the Evulz: About 90% of her actions, to be expected from the personification of discord.
- God of Evil: Exists to cause chaos through inciting conflict and discord, and was thought to be behind most bad things that plauged Earth, either directly or through her many kids. She's also the Greater-Scope Villain of the Trojan war, having incited it by causing an argument between Aphrodite, Athena, and Hera.
- Greater-Scope Villain: Of the Trojan War. She instigated the whole conflict, but the war was mainly fought between the Greeks and Trojans; the Big Bad, in this case, was Paris. As per other legends about Greek deities, she was not punished for it.
- Mother of a Thousand Young: Eris has had MANY children, all of them terrible. The children she gave birth to probably did about as much damage to the Earth and all the people on it as the things released from Pandora's Box. See individual entries above and below.
- Multiple-Choice Past: Most legends described her as one of Nyx's numerous terrible children, but in the story that she is most associated with, the Trojan Cycle, she was equated with Enyo, a daughter of Zeus and Hera. It's clear, however, that the two aren't the same, since during the battle with Typhon, they were mentioned separately: Eris seemed to take Typhon's side, while Enyo became a sort of the battle's ring girl.
- RevengeSVP: The Ur-Example. You know Maleficent's curse to Aurora? It's based on Eris' tale. Unlike Maleficent, though, Eris didn't get punished for doing that.
- Sadly Mythtaken: Was not the goddess of chaos. The role of god of chaos went to Chaos his/her/its/whateverself. Eris was the goddess of discord, as in infighting, arguing, and conflict.
- Self-Fulfilling Prophecy: Eris was not invited to Peleus and Thetis' wedding because she's a big troublemaker. And made a lot of trouble did she ever...
- Token Evil Teammate: The only god who took Typhon's side during his battle with Zeus, besides Gaia herself (who was behind the war in the first place). And like Gaia, she managed to get away for it! (but poor Typhon...).
- The Trickster: A malevolent example.
- Truly Single Parent: None of her children have a father and unlike her mother Nyx, who is sometimes depicted as conceiving her children with her husband's help, Eris is never depicted as having a lover to conceive her kids with.
- Winged Humanoid: One of the most famous depictions of her◊ shows her with large feathered wings.
Ἔρως | CupīdōSee Classical Mythology Protogenoi.
ΕὐκλείαThe Greek goddess of glory and good repute, sister to Euthenia. Often shown alongside Aphrodite as an attendant, where she represents the good repute of a young bride.
ΕὔφημοςGreek goddess of words of good omen, praise, acclaims, shouts of triumph, and applause. Her opposite was Momus. Was the nurse of the Muses and the mother of Krotos with Pan, who became the constellation Sagittarius.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of praise and triumph.
ΕὐρυνόμηAncient Greek sea goddess worshiped in the form of a mermaid, she was a daughter of Oceanus and Tethys, and was the third wife of Zeus, with whom she had her daughters, the Charities. When Hephaestus was cast from Olympus by Hera, it was Eurynome and Thetis who caught him and nursed him back to health. This Eurynome is closely associated with the Titan Eurynome, wife of Ophion, the first ruler of Olympus.
ΕὐθηνίαGreek goddess of prosperity, who had three sisters: Eucleia, Philophrosyne, and Eupheme. Sometimes regarded as a younger Charity, along with her sisters. She and her sisters' parents were Hephaestus and Aglaea.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of prosperity.
Χλωρίς | FlōraFlora was one of several Roman goddesses associated with spring, grain and flowers, first worshipped by other Italic tribes. Her feast, the Floralia ran from April 28 to May 3 and was a bit raucous.Chloris, whom the Romans identified with Flora, was a nymph and minor godess of flowers who was married to the god of spring and the west wind, Zephyrus.
- Ascended Extra: Flora was one of the older Roman gods who lost importance in the myths as the Romans syncretised their gods with the Greek Pantheon, and her Greek 'counterpart', Chloris, is specifically named as a nymph. However over a thousand years later Flora achieved widespread popularity in Renaissance and Baroque art.
- Ethical Slut: One of her cognomina was meretrix, "whore", and she was generally seen as a kind goddess responsible for spring.
- Fertile Feet: A variation; in poetry Flora's breath is said to turn into petals and blossoms as she speaks.
- Green Thumb
- Heaven: Chloris is sometimes said to reside in the Elysian Fields.
- Mystical Pregnancy: Not Flora or Chloris herself, but in Roman myth she was said to have possessed a magical flower that could induce one of these in women. In one myth she loaned that flower to Juno, who used it to become pregnant with Vulcan.
- Physical God
- Transformation: According to some Roman myths the nymph Chloris was transformed into the goddess Flora by her marriage to Zephyrus. In some versions Flora is also behind the various person-to-flower transformations in Classical Mythology.
Γῆρας | SenectusThe god of old age, and the counterpart to Hebe (Youth). It was said that the more geras a man had, the more kleos (fame) and arete (excellence and courage) he had. Generally considered a son of Nyx and Erebus, he was usually portrayed as a shriveled up old man. His Roman equivalent was Senectus. In vases, he's usually portrayed alongside Hercules, but the story that inspired these illustrations has been completely lost.
ΓλαῦκοςA god of the sea, Glaucus was one of the very few mortals who attained immortality and godhood. It is believed that he comes to the rescue of fishermen and sailors caught in storms; this is because he was one himself. One day, when Glaucus was still mortal, he came across a weird herb that could resurrect dead fish, and tried eating it himself. The herb made him immortal, but at a steep cost: in place of his arms, he had fins, and his legs were replaced with a fish's tail (though there are versions of the story that say he just became a merman), forcing him to live in the sea forever. Though initially saddened by these turn of events, Oceanus and Tethys took Glaucus in as one of their own, teaching him the gift of prophecy and making him a god of the sea. Glaucus later fell in love with Scylla (who was a beautiful sea nymph at the time) and tried to marry her, but Scylla was repulsed by his physical appearance and ran away from him. Glaucus went to Circe for help in getting Scylla to fall for him, but Circe fell in love with him instead. Though Circe tried her best to win his heart, Glaucus was too in love with Scylla to go with her. Circe, in rage, poisoned the water where Scylla bathed and turned her into the horrible monster we all know. note
- Amazing Technicolor Population: Had blue skin and copper-green hair.
- Baleful Polymorph: He was upset at his transformation at first, but he got used to it...well, until the girl he loved found him repulsive. She eventually learned the hard way it's what's inside that counts.
- Chick Magnet: Scylla aside, a number of women (and men) find him attractive. The ladies: Circe, Ariadne (over whom he briefly tussled with Dionysus), Syme, and Hydne. The guys: Nereus and Melicertes. Not bad for a guy with fish parts.
- Curiosity Is a Crapshoot: Accidentally dropped one of his fish on an herb that brought it back to life, then decided give it a shot for himself. Now he's a god, albeit one whose body was fundamentally changed.
- Famous Ancestor: He's one to Glaucus of Carystus (a renowned boxer) and the Cumaean Sibyl. By whom, exactly, isn't clear.
- Physical God: One of many sea-gods.
- Power-Up Food: One writer explained that the magical herb was specific to an island holy to Helios and was used to refresh his horses. Another said it was dogs-tooth grass, sown by Cronus.
- Seers: Learned the art of prophecy. During the search for the Golden Fleece, he showed up and gave advice to the adventurers, particularly Heracles, Castor, and Pollux to whom he related tales of their future adventures and eventual deification.
Ἁρμονία | ConcordiaThe opposite of Eris, she is the goddess of Harmony and Concord, and, fittingly, her Roman counterpart is named, Concordia. Generally thought to be another child of Ares and Aphrodite (or a daughter of Zeus and the Pleiad Electra), she married the Phoenician prince, Cadmus, with whom she conceived six children, one of whom, Semele, became the mother of Dionysus, making Harmonia also Dionysus' grandmother. Most well known for her necklace, the Necklace of Harmonia, which, ironically, brought misfortune to all who came in possession of it.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of harmony.
- Standard Hero Reward: She was presented to Cadmus as a reward for becoming the king of Thebes. To be fair, she did love him genuinely, to the point of choosing to be Together in Death rather than live without him.
- Together in Death: When Cadmus was turned into a serpent, Harmonia decided to indulge herself in solitary with the serpent in a pool of wine, grieving every day. The gods decided to turn her also into a serpent.
Ἥβη | IūventāsGoddess of youth and the original cupbearer for Olympus. She was a daughter of Zeus and Hera, and later married Heracles, after which she gave up her job as cupbearer; she was succeeded in that role by the Trojan prince Ganymede. The Illiad, however, seems to imply that Hebe was a cupbearer at the same time as Ganymede. Her name comes from a Greek word that means "youth" or "prime of life". She was also worshiped as a goddess of forgiveness and pardons. In Roman mythology, she is known as Juventas.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of the youth/prime of life.
- Eternal Love: In most traditions, she had this with Herakles after he Ascend to a Higher Plane of Existence.
- Gratuitous Princess: One of her epithets was "Ganymeda", which can be translated to "gladdening princess". She also appears to be referred to as "Basilia" occasionally, which translates to "princess".
- Princess Classic: Her role as a cupbearer and assistant to her mother/brother appear to be typical tasks assigned to unmarried girls in high ranking households, appropriate for the daughter of the King and Queen of Olympus.
- The Ageless: While eternal youth is a characteristic of most of the Olympian gods, Hebe is of special mention since some classical authors outright state that she is the reason for the other gods remaining young.
- Winged Humanoid: Occasionally presented in art with wings, which has led to her being confused with Iris and Nike.
Ἑκάτη | TriviaGoddess of magic, crossroads, and ghosts (among other things that overlap considerably with other gods). Had three appearances, or sometimes just three heads. Lived in the Underworld with Hades and Persephone and was a close friend to the latter. Feared and revered by night travelers, but worshiped by about-to-deliver mothers. In some versions, she's depicted as a Titan who sided with the Olympians in the Titanomachy, though usually, her heritage is unexplained. She was identified with the Roman goddess Trivia. Modern historians suspect she originated the primary deity of a culture conquered by the Greeks, who proceeded to assimilate her into their own mythology.
- Action Girl: Joins the Olympians despite her status as a titan, and later fights in the Gigantomachy. To a lesser extent, she is also this in Demeter's search for her daughter, Persephone.
- Birds of a Feather: Had a lot in common with Hermes. This resulted in him deciding to take her as a lover, at least in accounts where she wasn't a virgin. In most accounts, they're Like Brother and Sister.
- Canon Immigrant: It's likely that Hecate's worship originated in somewhere that wasn't Greece, but there's a lack of clear consensus as to where; one common theory is that she was adapted from the Egyptian goddess Heqet, though this has never been proven. Her many conflicting functions with other gods, bizarrely powerful nature even when compared to Zeus, and lack of consistent parentage seem to support this idea.
- Dark Is Not Evil: Despite the association with night and the undead, Hecate was just a loner comfortable staying in the shadows, and was a lot nicer to mortals than most deities. Not that she wasn't a danger to anyone stupid enough to disrespect her. Subverted, in that one of her common symbols was the light of her torches, and that she was outright called a light-bringer by some.
- The Hecate Sisters: Trope Namer but not Trope Codifier; see below.
- Jack-of-All-Trades: Both a status she started with and continued well into Late Antiquity. It seems that she had many conflicting roles until gaining a more unique association with magic.
- Hot Witch: Her usual representation.
- Lady of Black Magic: The goddess of magic.
- Master Poisoner: Hecate's knowledge of herbal properties was unlimited, which was all the better for the very witch-y art of brewing potions. Many plants sacred to her, e.g. aconite, nightshade, mandragora, and are infamously poisonous.
- Nature Adores a Virgin: Another virgin goddess. In accounts where this is Subverted, she pairs up with Hermes.
- Older Sidekick: Often portrayed as such for Persephone, acting as her attendant in the Underworld and being at least one generation older than her.
- Overshadowed by Awesome: Extremely powerful according to many stories, (with Zeus himself according her special status, according to Hesiod), but somehow was mostly left out from the big names. Possibly because of her above status as Canon Immigrant.
- Pair the Spares: Probably why Hermes was regarded as her consort in some, albeit few, accounts.
- Perky Goth: She preferred hanging out in the dark, gloomy Underworld over Mount Olympus, and while "perky" isn't the right word, Hecate was maternal, generous with her blessings, and considered a friend to all outcasts.
- Physical God
- Remember the New Guy?: A possible way to interpret Hesiod's incredible praise of her and her appearance in the Eleusinian Mysteries. These myths served as ways of integrating Hecate by downplaying her many, many conflicting roles. As mentioned in Overshadowed by Awesome, she's not as popular in myths as her Olypmian peers, possibly because Artemis largely filled any niche she would have had before her later association with torches and witchcraft.
- Romantic Two-Girl Friendship: Some interpretations of her relationship with Persephone.
- Sadly Mythtaken: Despite the modern depictions, she was actually never depicted as "maiden, mother, and crone." When she's manifested in three bodies, they're all the same age.
- Take a Third Option: Having crossroads as her domain makes Hecate the Goddess of taking a third option. There's a reason her Roman name literally means "three paths."
- Walking the Earth: A goddess of crossroads. Later depictions of Hecate portrayed her as constantly roaming in search of souls who had lost their way to the Underworld. She also became identified with a sort of "World Soul" in Late Antiquity, at least in some cults, providing guidance in a philosophical sense.
ἙρμαφροδιτοςThe child of Hermes and Aphrodite (hence their name), Hermaphroditus had the very niche godly domain of intersex individuals and effeminacy. In the older myths, they were named because their features were a perfect mix of their parents—having their mother's breasts and their father's genitalia. Later myths (started by Ovid) depict them as having originally been a boy who was almost raped by a nymph, but the nymph wished to never be parted from him...which led to the two being merged into one, a being with the features of both a man and a woman. Obviously, we get the word "hermaphrodite" from them.
- Ambiguous Gender: Hermaphroditus is usually referred to in ancient texts with male pronouns and as Hermes' "son", but this is more likely to be due to Values Dissonance.
- Hermaphrodite: They're likely the Ur-Example in storytelling, though they're a variant—they only appear to have male reproductive organs, but their body also has the features of a woman, most notably their breasts.
- Meaningful Name: Their name is a portmanteau of "Hermes" and "Aphrodite" and their body is described as a perfect mix of both their parents.
- Romantic Fusion: Ovid's Metamorphoses sort of deconstructs this trope by portraying Hermaphroditus as having been born a boy and nearly raped by a Naiad, who then wished for him to never leave her. The gods responded by merging them into a single being that can't be called male or female.
- Trope Namer: For "hermaphrodite", of course.
- Winged Humanoid: Ancient artwork depicts them as having wings. They are sometimes depicted as a member of the Erotes.
ΌμαδοςGod of the noise of battle and all the blood-curdling screaming that implies. Similar to Kydoimos. Was also listed as a member of the Makhai, and therefore presumably a son of Eris.
ὉμόνοιαA minor goddess of concord, unanimity, and oneness of mind. Was so similar to Harmonia as to sometimes be equated with her.
Ὅρκος | OrcusA rather obscure character. The god or daemon of oaths who inflicted punishment upon perjurers. A son of Eris. Most people are more familiar with his Roman counterpart: Orcus- or at least, the Demon Prince who bears his name.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: In a sense. He is the spirit of oaths, or more specifically, false oaths, and the one that deals out punishment for making false oaths.
- Handicapped Badass: In one Aesop fable, he appears as a lame man.
- Humanoid Abomination: Is said to have a son with no name that serves as his personal attack dog. This son lacks hands or feet yet can move with incredible speed to hunt down a target and destroy them.
- Knight Templar: The aforementioned Aesop fable describes how he drags an oath-breaker off a cliff!
- In another story an oracle mentions that even considering going back on an oath can be enough to encur his wrath.
- Orcus on His Throne: Averted, despite being (Sort of) the Trope Namer. He was actually quite active and wandered the earth searching for evil-doers.
- Physical God
Ὑγιεία | Valetudo / SalūsAs her name more than amply implies, Hygieia is the goddess and personification of health, cleanliness, and sanitation, the daughter of Asclepius and Epione. Of course, her name is obviously the root for hygiene and its associated words. While Asclepius was associated with healing illness and injury, Hygieia was associated with prevention of disease. in Rome, she was initially identified with the goddess of personal health Valetudo, but she was eventually identified with the goddess of social welfare, Salus.
Ὕπνος | SomnusThe personification of Sleep, son of Nyx and Erebos and twin brother of Thanatos. Generally not shunned like his twin brother, who is always at his side in visual art. In Homer he allowed Hera to harass Heracles by putting Zeus to sleep. Zeus was understandably angry when he woke up but found Hypnos already hidden in Nyx's place, so he held the Bolt of Divine Retribution back since it risked an angry Nyx. Apparently, Hypnos disturbed Zeus a few more times but always ran behind his mom for protection afterward. His Roman counterpart is Somnus.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of sleep.
- Birds of a Feather: Hypnos, the personification of sleep, married Pasithea, the personification of rest and relaxation.
- Happily Married: Believed to be this with Pasithea, the youngest of the Graces.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: He and his twin brother Thanatos were often seen together in art.
- Homoerotic Subtext: Selene (Moon) once asked Hypnos to put her mortal lover, Endymion, to eternal sleep as an alternative method of immortality. One text said Hypnos was stunned by Endymion's beauty and causes him to sleep with his eyes open, so he could admire Endymion's full face.
- Karma Houdini: While most gods are, he deserves special mention for avoiding Zeus' Bolt of Divine Retribution.
- Momma's Boy: Whenever he angered Zeus, he always found a way to escape his wrath by hiding behind his mother.
- Physical God
- Sibling Team: With his twin brother Thanatos.
- Sleep Cute: With his brother, Thanatos sometimes. Awwwww!◊
- Sleepyhead: Unsurprisingly, he was often depicted asleep.
Ἰασώ / ἸησώDaughter of Asclepius and the goddess of recuperation from illness.
ἸωκήThe goddess of onslaught. She was another member of the Makhai. Sometimes considered to be the same as Proioxis. Presumably a daughter of Eris.
ἾριςThe goddess of the rainbow and messenger of the gods, as well as a goddess of the sea and sky. She links the gods to humanity and travels with the speed of wind from one end of the world to the other, and into the depths of the sea and the underworld.
- Everything's Better with Rainbows: Uses rainbows to connect Earth, Hades, and all other realms together.
- Physical God: As the personification of a rainbow
- Spear Counterpart: Hermes, the Olympian messenger god.
- Winged Humanoid: Iris has golden wings. Her twin sister, Arke, is described as having iridescent ones.
ΚακίανThe counterpart to Arete, Kakia was the goddess of vice and, literally, "moral badness" (as in sin or crime). She's generally depicted as a vain, plump, and heavily made-up woman who wears revealing clothing. Her job was to try to lead others to fall into evil.
- Big Beautiful Woman: As part of her embodying every vice she is depicted as both overweight (gluttony) and provocatively dressed (lust).
- The Corrupter: Her job is to tempt humans away from Arete and into embracing the vice she embodies.
- Evil Counterpart: Kakia is the opposite of Arete, representing degredation of character via embracing sin.
- God of Evil: The god of vice and sin.
- Makeup Is Evil: Is depicted as wearing heavy makeup to demonstrate the sins of Lust and/or Pride.
- Satanic Archetype: Though predating contact between the cultures, she obviously comes off as the Greek version of Satan as an archetype of The Tempter.
ΧάρωνThe Ferryman of the River Styx, where he helps the souls of the dead to cross, for a small price. Coins were placed in the mouths of the dead to pay the ferryman's toll.
- The Ferry Man
- Fire Ball Eyeballs: Charon is sometimes described as having burning balls of fire for eyes.
- Meaningful Name: One interpretation of his name is "fierce-" or "flashing eyes", and as mentioned above this may indicate actual fire.
- Only in It for the Money: Seems to be the reason why he makes you pay him. Getting a free ride for him is a noteworthy feat.
- Psychopomp: Escorts the shades of the deceased across the river Styx.
ΚράτοςNo, not that Kratos. This Kratos, or Cratus (the final child of Pallas and Styx's children) was the god and personification of strength and power, and, along with his siblings, was a winged enforcer of Zeus. Helped bound Prometheus.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of strength and power
- Meaningful Name: His name is literally the Ancient Greek word meaning strength or power, which he is also the God of.
- Our Angels Are Different: Same as his two preceding siblings
- Irony: Kratos, acting as an agent of Zeus, instructs Hephaestus to chain Prometheus to a rock. Kratos says "I do not have the nerve myself to bind with force a kindred god upon this rocky cleft assailed by cruel winter. Yet, come what may, I am constrained to summon courage to this deed" which is ironic if you met Prometheus in God of War II, where the character with his namesake doesn't hesitate to kill him.
ΚυδοιμόςAnother god of battle, though he also represents confusion, uproar, and ruckus in general. Listed as a member of the Makhai, and presumably a son of Eris. Similar to Homados.
ΛήθηNot the river in the Underworld, though the river has power over memory and is associated with her, she is the Greek Goddess of forgetfulness and oblivion. Usually seen as a child of Eris, some identify the river with her. It was said those who went to Hades had to drink from the river before reincarnation so that they wouldn't remember past lives.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of oblivion.
- Forgettable Character: In a sense. One reference to the goddess Lethe described her as "dull", which could be taken to mean her appearance was unremarkable, or, well, forgettable. And it is possible that anyone that drank the water of the river Lethe would also forget meeting the goddess.
Λιμός | FamēsDaughter of Eris, Goddess of Starvation. Was opposed by Demeter and Plutus, who was also the god of plentiful harvest. Ovid states that she finds her home in the frozen wastes near Scythia where nothing grows in the barren soil. Demeter once asked her to take revenge on someone, as Greek gods and goddesses are wont to do, and it turned out horribly for the target.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of starvation.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Was tasked by Demeter with giving someone eternal hunger in revenge for cutting down a sacred tree. She did, and the poor sod ate himself.
- Nightmare Face: Her description is...rather unpleasant.
- Odd Job Gods: God of starvation.
Λύσσα | Ira / Fūror / RabiēsLyssa, yet another daughter of Nyx, was the Greek spirit/goddess of mad rage, frenzy and rabies in animals. Whether or not that makes her the goddess of the Hate Plague or the Crossed is up for debate. Her Roman equivalent had multiple names, including Ira, Furor, or Rabies. She sprung from the blood of Ouranos after he was castrated by Cronos and is the one who inflicted the insanity on Hercules, at Hera's behest, that caused him to murder his own family. She's also used her mad skills on several other occasions. Connected to her are the Maniae (singular Mania) who are spirits that personify Insanity, madness and crazed frenzy and are presumed to be children of Nyx as well.
- Always Chaotic Evil: Subverted, in that despite what she represents, Lyssa is maybe one of the nicest of Nyx's children, in sharp contrast to Eris, and never uses her powers on friends. To whit, she only ever uses her powers at the behest of other gods and goddesses, usually to right some perceived wrong, or, in Hera's case, because they are the assholes.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of rage.
- Noble Demon: Not exactly a demon, but unlike most of the other less than likable beings on this page, Lyssa takes no pleasure in what she does and even tried to talk Hera down from her original plan before relenting.
- Good Parents: Was a kind and loving mother to Hermes and Arcas, which is even reflected in her name.
- Mama Bear: In some tellings, part of the reason she lived in a cave was to keep Hermes safe from Hera's wrath, though Hermes had other ideas...
- Meaningful Name: Maia is Greek for "nurturing mother" and Maia was a mother who cared not only for Hermes but also Arcas.
- Non-Human Humanoid Hybrid: Daughter of a Titan and an Oceanid Nymph.
- Shrinking Violet: Along with being Hermes' mother, she's most well-known for being one of these; the reason she hid away in a cave was partly due to the fact that Hera would mess her up if she found out about Hermes and partly because she was shy and preferred to live on her own.
ΜῶμοςYet, another child of Nyx, Momus was the god of satire, mockery, censure, writers, and poets. Which basically means he was evil! He was, however, a twisted god of evil-spirited blame and unfair criticism, because apparently, the Greeks didn't appreciate satire or overly critical views. He notably mocked Hephaestus for not having made mankind with a doorway in his heart so that his thoughts may be seen. He also mocked Aphrodite for being talkative and having creaky sandals, and he even mocked Zeus for being a violent bastard and unrepentant womanizer and for having children as violent as he was. For his constant stream of critiques, he was booted out of Olympus (According to a fable by Aesop, he was actually booted out because he was jealous of the creations of three gods, and criticized them for it). For his wily ways, Momus has become quite popular (unsurprisingly) with writers.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of mockery.
- Deadpan Snarker: Snarked about Trojan War. Among other things.
- Historical Hero Upgrade: Many later writers identified more with the 'satire and criticism' part and not the 'unfair blame and slander' part and emphasized his nature as the former. It doesn't hurt that Values Dissonance means that people are more likely to agree with his critiques of the pantheon.
- Lampshade Hanging: Did this beautifully with Zeus, and the other gods, calling out all their faults in a truly epic fashion
- Odd Job Gods: The god of mockery and criticism.
- Take That!: Was probably a take that to people like him, but really ended being a take that to the Greek gods themselves
ΜόροςBrother of the Moirai (Fates) and son of Nyx, whom she conceived without any male help. He is the god of impending doom, and actively drives mortals to horrible, deadly fates.
Νέμεσις | InvidiaThis goddess with a hell of a name was the personification of revenge, in particular, that of divine judgment for hubris before the gods, and was the daughter of Nyx. Her Roman equal was Invidia.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of revenge.
- The Determinator
- Disproportionate Retribution: Averted. By her nature, all her judgments are absolutely correct.
- The Dreaded: Notably one of the few deities that nobody dared cross intentionally, since interfering in divine judgment of hubris is itself hubris. Even Zeus avoided angering her.
- Humanoid Abomination: Has virtually no personality outside of fulfillment of her duties. Unlike other mythical figures who are simply undetailed, Nemesis just doesn't care. Her judgments are her own, and nobody second-guesses them.
- Sadly Mythtaken: She is the distributor of fortune, both good and bad. Mind, winning the lottery isn't as impressive as inescapable, inexorable revenge.
- The Stoic: Absolutely uncaring of anyone and anything that does not fall within her judgment, and even then, is an impassive, implacable force of nature — something like an ancient, Greek Judge Dredd.
- What Happened to the Mouse?: Despite the frequency of mortals defying gods in myth, Nemesis doesn't always show up to pronounce judgment. This is particularly true if other gods themselves take a direct hand in avenging hubris. In the long run, the mortals might be better off if she doesn't show.
ΝηρίτηςGod of Shellfish and in some versions, the charioteer of the sea. He was the son of Nereus and Doris and the only brother among the Nereids. Some versions say that he was Aphrodite's lover and that he offended her by declining an offer to go to Olympus. Others say that he was a lover of Poseidon, only to offend Helios for unknown reasons (some say Helios wanted him for himself, others say that Nerites boasted about his chariot skills). Either way, every version of Nerites got turned into a shellfish or snail.
- Baleful Polymorph: Into a shellfish or sea snail.
- Butt-Monkey: In both myths about him, he's turned into a snail for petty reasons.
- Happily Married: They weren't officially married, but his relationship with Poseidon was considered such a beautiful spectacle that it could easily be considered this.And so, as I am told, of the rest the favourite spent his time with his lover, and moreover when Poseidon drove his chariot over the waves, all together great fishes as well as dolphins and Tritones too, sprang up from their deep haunts and gambolled and danced around the chariot, only to be left utterly and far behind by the speed of his horses; only the boy favourite was his escort close at hand, and before them the waves sank to rest and the sea parted out of reverence to Poseidon, for the god willed that his beautiful favourite should not only be highly esteemed for other reasons but should also be pre-eminent at swimming.
- Homosexual Reproduction: His union with Poseidon spawned Anteros, God of Mutual Love.
- Lover and Beloved: With Poseidon.
- Odd Job Gods: God of Shellfish.
- The One Guy: The only male Nereid.
- Outnumbered Sibling: Poor Nerites was the only boy among fifty sisters.
- The Power of Love: His and Poseidon's union was one of mutual love. Mind you, that alone is huge by Greek Mythology standards.
- Pretty Boy: Famous for his beauty.
- Winged Humanoid: In the Aphrodite version of the myth. His wings were given to Anteros after his transformation.
Νίκη | VictōriaProbably one of the most well known of the minor goddesses, she was the goddess of victory (and strength and speed) and was the daughter of Styx and Pallas. Her siblings were Kratos (not that Kratos), Bia, and Zelus. She and her companions were close to Zeus, and she herself was Zeus's divine charioteer who led him into battle with the Titans. Is noted for having wings, even into classical times and being a friend of Athena. While she doesn't have a planet, moon, or other celestial body named after her, she does have a brand of shoe! Her Roman counterpart was Victoria.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of victory.
Ὀϊζύς | MiseriaGoddess of Misery, daughter of Nyx, and twin of the god Momos. Her Latin Counterpart is Miseria, from which the word misery is derived.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of misery.
Παλίωξις | ΠροΐωξιςThe goddesses of the backrush and onrush of battle respectively. The two were sisters, and were listed as members of the Makhai, and presumably daughters of Eris.
Πάν | FaunusSon of Hermes. God of nature, mountains, shepherds and sexuality (especially males). A satyr-like trickster who is mainly concerned with the preservation of Nature and the enjoyment of earthly pleasures such as music and sex. The panflute is named after him. An overall "free-spirit" who often pals with his uncle Dionysus, but generally doesn't interact with other gods simply because he doesn't care about political schemes unless it concerns him directly. His name is the root of the word "Panic".
- Beast Man: He's often depicted as half-man, half-goat.
- Bestiality Is Depraved: At least one statue depicts him enjoying the company of a goat. Technically, it's only halfway depraved considering what's going on below his waist.
- Beauty Equals Goodness: Inverted, see Hephaestus' entry. Pan actually has an even worse reputation.
- Bigger Is Better in Bed: According to the many nymphs he chased.
- Notably, this is one of the few cases in Greek mythology, as the Greeks felt smaller was better.
- Carpet of Virility: Always represented as shaggy.
- Decomposite Character / Demoted to Extra: Pan seems to be very old, and so predates Hermes, even possibly going as far as being traced to a deity from the proto-Indo-European civilization, that also gave us the similar Vedic deity Pushan. Hermes was likely an ephitet for Pan before becoming a separate deity that took Pan's dominions over journeys and being the messenger of the gods, while Pan himself got significantly reduced and was rewritten to be Hermes' son.
- Depraved Bisexual: Went for both nymphs and shepherds.
- Fauns and Satyrs: Shares the appearance associated with them, partially responsible for the trope name and their association with that shape, though regular satyrs are separate entities from him in classical mythology.
- Friend to All Living Things: As the protector of livestock, especially supernatural ones or those belonging to gods. Generally friendly, if mischievous and lecherous, with women.
- God is Dead: He is supposedly the only god of the Greco-Roman pantheon who actually died. According to Plutarch, the sailor Thamus heard a voice coming from the island Paxi ordering him to "Tell everyone that the great god Pan is dead".note
- Magical Flutist: He could induce fear and panic with his pipes.
- Missing Mom: His nymph mother ran away after his birth. Fortunately, his dad Hermes thinks he's awesome and really loves him.
- Musical Assassin: His primary weapon is his flute.
- Names to Run Away from Really Fast: In a rather literal sense, as he is the one that spreads Panic. Greek warriors never knew why thousands of men would stand bravely for a long time and then suddenly stampede with no warning. All they knew was it was a great mystery, so they attributed it to Pan.
- Of course, his name means 'everything'. That was also a riddle, why a god of fear would be named after everything.
- Physical God
- Really Gets Around: At least as much as Zeus himself.
- Speaks Fluent Animal
ΠανάκειαGreek goddess of the Universal Remedy, daughter of Asclepius and Epione. Always carried a potion around with her that could heal the sick, and this idea was the beginning of the idea of the panacea in medicine (i.e. a substance that could cure all disease)
ΠασιφάηLike her sister, Circe, Pasiphaë is a minor goddess of magic, herbs, and the sun, being one of Helios and Perse's four children. She was given in marriage to King Minos of Crete upon his ascension as monarch and gave birth to eight children with him. She was most famous as the biological mother of Minotaur: when her husband refused to kill Poseidon's white bull as sacrifice, Poseidon cursed Pasiphaë into mating with the bull and in turn giving birth to the Minotaur, who was then used by Minos to devour the Athenian teenagers whom he demanded as peace treaty with Athens, until Theseus was able to save the day.
- Adaptational Wimp: Some sources have implied she was once a great Sun Goddess and her white bull symbolized the Moon, their tale an allegory of the transition from day to night.
- Bestiality Is Depraved: Her punishment for something her husband did!
- The High Queen: Of Crete.
- Out of Focus: Much less well known than Circe. Most people know Minotaur, but don't know where he came from, and even most tellings of his myth leave out Pasiphaë's personal history.
- The Power of the Sun: Same with Circe, she inherited their father, Helios' power, her sorcery is said to have come from being Helios' daughter, witchcraft and the Sun being inexplicably linked in much of Greek myth.
- Sadly Mythtaken: Has the same problem as her sister, Circe, but slightly worse because people hardly even knew that Pasiphaë existed. She was a goddess, not just a mere princess-turned-queen. Giving minor goddesses as a reward to kings weren't uncommon in Classical myths (see Harmonia for example).
- Supernatural Gold Eyes: Inherited Helios' "Evil Eye".
Πειθώ | SuādēlaGreek goddess of persuasion and seduction. Was known in Roman mythology as Suadela. She was an attendant and/or companion of Aphrodite and thus was very connected to her. The two were so intertwined that sometimes they were combined into one character, a reflection of how closely connected the Greeks saw persuasion and love (or lust). Her ancestry is disputed, but she is perhaps the daughter of the titans Tethys and Oceanus. It should be noted that persuasion is not limited to romance/seduction, but also to political persuasion and debate.
Πενία | PēnaeCalled Penae in Latin, Penia was the Greek goddess of poverty and need, sometimes considered the mother of Eros.
Φῐλοφροσῠ́νηThe Greek goddess of welcome, friendliness, and kindness.
Φόβος | TimorusThe son of Ares and Aphrodite, his name means "fear". That should tell you all you need to know about him. For those who are a little slower than most, he is a personification of fear for the Greeks, in particular, the fear brought about through war. He notably rode into war with his father Ares, the Goddesses Enyo and Eris, and his brother Deimos. His association seems to have made him unpopular with the Greeks, as he doesn't appear in any major Greek myths as a character. His Roman equivalent is Timor. It is from his name that we get the word "phobia", as well as the name of the larger of Mars' two moons.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of Fear.
ΦόρκυςGod of the mysterious dangers of the deep, identified as a son of Gaia and Pontus or a son of Tethys and Oceanus. Married Ceto and had many "nice" children. Is depicted as a fish-tailed merman, with crab claws for fore-legs and red-spiked skin.
Πλοῦτος | PlūtusProbably more well known by his Roman name Plutus. Ploutos was the ancient Greek god of wealth and was the son of Demeter and the Demigod Iasion. Has a complex relationship in the Roman pantheon with the god of the underworld, Plouton (Pluto), who is also a god of riches, leading to conflation. Was blinded by Zeus so that he could dispense of his riches without prejudice. He is also lame, but has wings, so he arrives slowly, but leaves quickly (sounds like there's significance to that). In the play Plutus, his sight is restored, thus raising hell as he is now able to determine who is most deserving of wealth. From the root of his (and Plouton's) name, we get the words like plutocracy, plutonomics, plutolatry, and plutomania.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of wealth.
ΠόλεμοςWhereas Ares is the god of war, Polemos is best described as its personification. Unlike Ares, he has no known cults or myths because of this. Opposes Dionysus, a god of life, and was the brother of Enyo.
ΠόνοςGod of hard labor and toil. Son of Eris, he is that which we all do and hate.
ΠόροςThe Greek god of plenty and son of Metis, making him the brother of Athena. He was seduced by Penia at Aphrodite's birthday celebration while drunk, and from that sexual escapade, it's possible that Eros was born. Porus is also a god in the Roman pantheon, the personification of abundance.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of plenty.
ΠραξιδίκηThe goddess of judicial punishment and the exactor of vengeance, she is closely related to Nemesis in that regard, and also related to the Horae Dike, also a goddess of order and justice. Her daughters Homonoia and (especially) Arete, are more well known.
ΠριαποςA minor fertility god of varying origins—sometimes a son of Dionysus, others a son of Hermes, still others a son of Aphrodite, etc.; wherever he came from, Priapus is usually portrayed as a short, ugly man with very disproportionately large...equipment. Besides this, his main claim to fame is nearly getting killed by every single Olympian for attempting to assault Hestia in her sleep.
- Animal Nemesis: All donkeys became this for him after one thwarted his attempts to rape Hestia.
- Attempted Rape: In one myth, he tries to rape Hestia in her sleep at a party. Fortunately, she's woken up by a braying donkey before he can do so, and her scream alerts the rest of the Olympians, who all immediately come to kick Priapus' ass.
- Bigger Is Better in Bed: Played for squick rather than fanservice.
- Fan Disservice: His genitalia was disproportionately huge compared to the rest of his body and it was almost constantly erect.
- The Friend Nobody Likes: The Olympians refused to let him live with them.
- Gonk: As opposed to the other Greek Gods being The Beautiful Elite, barring some exceptions, Priapus is usually depicted as really gross and ugly.
- Like Father, Like Son: In the versions where his father is either Pan or Hermes, Priapus takes after them in his...well, endowment.
- Screw This, I'm Outta Here!: In the myth of him and Hestia, Priapus (smartly) opts to run away rather than face the wrath of the other gods for trying to assault their Cool Big Sis.
- Trope Namer: For the condition of "priapism" (overly long-lasting erection).
ΠρωτεύςAn early Greek sea god, sometimes called the god of "elusive sea change", reflecting the sea's constant changes. Like many gods and goddesses, he suffers from Multiple-Choice Past, but he is a herdsman of Poseidon's seals. He has the ability to predict the future, but he constantly changes his shape, so that only those who can catch him will get the prediction. From this, we get the word protean. He lives on the island of Pharos off the coast of the Nile River Delta and his primary purpose was to be caught by other heroes and used to help them solve their problems.
Ψυχή | AnimaFormer mortal princess of Miletus, and now wife of the God of Love and personification of the Soul. Very beautiful and insatiably curious, both traits tend to get her into (and occasionally out of) trouble. Gained her immortality through completing several tasks on behalf of her mother-in-law after giving into her curiosity and betraying her husbands trust. Longer synopsis here.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of the Soul.
- Ascend to a Higher Plane of Existence
- Attractiveness Isolation: Thought she was the victim of this. Her lack of luck was actually because of a spiteful Goddess of Love.
- Babies Ever After: Hers and Eros' daughter Hedone / Volupta (means either Delight or Pleasure).
- Beast and Beauty: This tale fits most of the same elements, but acts as a subversion: in a Prophecy Twist, the "winged monster she was to marry ended up being the God of Love.
- Beautiful Dreamer: Why Eros/Cupid falls in love with her and cannot go through with his mother's plan.
- Beware the Nice Ones:[Psyche] tells her [jealous sister] what had happened, then tricks her sister into believing that Cupid has chosen [the sister] as [his] wife on the mountaintop. Psyche later meets her other sister and deceives her likewise. Each sister goes to the top of the peak and jumps down eagerly, but Zephyrus [the West Wind] does not bear them and they fall to their deaths at the base of the mountain.
- Chained to a Rock: A variation. She wasn't chained but Left for Dead on a mountain top.
- Conflicting Loyalty: Trust her husband or trust her sisters; either way it came down to the protection of her unborn child.
- Curious as a Monkey: Grownup version.
- Curiosity Is a Crapshoot: Shes the page image.
- Deity of Human Origin: After quite AWHILE as a beleaguered human she is eventually transformed into a true goddess, long after it probably would have been more useful (not to mention life saving) to her.
- Didn't Think This Through: Even after all that has happened, she still takes a peek into the Box of Beauty.
- Disproportionate Retribution / Misplaced Retribution: Frequent victim of this.
- Divine Date: She was still mortal when she married Eros. After her Redemption Quest she was turned into a goddess and they became God Couple instead.
- Earn Your Happy Ending: On one hand, she went through a Redemption Quest to get him back. On the other, her curiosity had her fall into eternal sleep when she opened the box of beauty. On a third hand, technically they both needed to earn their happy endings so even if Psyche had finally gained Aphrodites forgiveness and approval it would not change a thing if Eros had not forgiven her (he too had to earn his by coming to terms that his wife is fallible and standing up to his mother).
- Eternal Love: With Eros.
- Faux Death: After opening the Box of Beauty.
- Forbidden Fruit / Shmuck Bait: She nearly averted this. When her husband Cupid told her never to look upon his true form, she was perfectly fine with it until her sisters convinced her that he might be a horrible monster (despite that she had previously felt his body and had plenty chance to feel his face). At least she only had to deal with a Mama Bear that was already mad at her instead of the Deader Than Dead fate that usually befalls those who look upon undisguised gods.
- And then, when she was sent to bring back the beauty of Persephone in a box and despite being counselled against it, she peeked.
- God Couple: With Eros by the end.
- Happily Ever After
- Happily Married: With Eros.
- Horrible Judge of Character: At least when it comes to her sisters (at first).
- Human Sacrifice / Virgin Sacrifice: She and her family thought she was going to be this.
- Impossible Task: Given these to earn back her husband. The tasks are: 1) Sorting huge piles of grains and lentils in a single night, 2) Retrieving some golden wool from vicious sheep, 3) Retrieving water flowing from an elevated cleft that is impossible to achieve on foot and is also guarded by great serpents, and 4) Retrieving a Box of Beauty from the Queen of the Underworld. She succeeds (with some help); Aphrodite/Venus is not pleased.
- I Will Find You: Even if she has to petition every god in the pantheon to do so (Fortunately, it only took three. Unfortunately, number three was Aphrodite).
- Love Before First Sight: She was forbidden to look upon her husband and still managed to fall for him.
- Love Hurts
- Love Will Lead You Back: And it does. Eventually.
- MayflyDecember Romance: Pre-Immortality.
- My God, What Have I Done?
- Obnoxious In-Laws: With Aphrodite.
- Princess Protagonist: She started out the third daughter of a king of Miletus.
- Plucky Girl: Believing that her husband is quite possibly a winged serpent, what does she do? Collects a lamp with which to see him and a dagger that appears to be◊ no larger than  to cut off his head if this is indeed true. Let me repeat that: Psyche fully intends to decapitate a freaking dragon with basically a steak knife.
- Pregnant Badass: During her Redemption Quest, she was in the family way. Not to mention that much of her reasoning to look upon her husband was to protect her unborn child:The two jealous sisters tell Psyche, then pregnant with Cupid's child, that rumour is that she had married a great and terrible serpent who would devour her and her unborn child when the time came for it to be fed.
- Proper Lady
- Prophecy Twist: Psyche is destined to marry a winged monster that neither god nor mortal can resist. Sound familiar?
- Redemption Quest: She had to go through one to get her husband Eros back.
- Silk Hiding Steel
- So Beautiful, It's a Curse: Especially after the Goddess of Love and Beauty takes it personally.
- Tears of Remorse: As Eros flew off, Psyche was prostrate on the ground, filling the place with mournful lamentations.
- To Hell and Back: One of only six to succeed, as well as being the only woman and completely mortal (no Divine Ancestry whatsoever) to do so.
- True Love's Kiss: How she is awakened after her Faux Death.
- Winged Humanoid: Shown with butterfly wings (because "psyche" means "butterfly" as well as "soul).
- World's Most Beautiful Woman: So much so that the God of Love himself fell for her.
- Youngest Child Wins
ΠτωχείαGreek goddess of beggary, who was a sister of Amechania and Ptocheia. She often traveled around with her sisters
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of beggary, and distinct from the above goddess of Poverty.
- Captain Patriotic: He is literally the god of Rome as a culture/city.
- Deity of Human Origin: By the end of the first century AD Quirinus had become identified as a deified Romulus.
- Demoted to Extra: As imperial state worship declined and more personal gods/beliefs sprung up Quirinus lost popularity and was no longer depicted in art.
ῬόδηSometimes considered a sea nymph, Rhode was the goddess of the Island of Rhodes and daughter of Poseidon. Consort of Helios, she considered the little island under her own protection.
Θάνατος | Mors / LētumA personification of Death (considering how his being in chains stopped people from dying in wars he embodies both peaceful and violent death), son of Nyx and Erebos and twin brother of Hypnos. Because he is Death, he was hated by mortals and even the deathless gods - rather moot since he hated them as well. His Roman counterpart is Mors.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of death.
- Broke Your Arm Punching Out Cthulhu: Sisyphus once managed to cheat death by putting Thanatos in shackles. Eventually, Ares rescued him, and Sisyphus died and was compelled to roll a huge rock up a steep hill, the rock would roll back down, forcing him to begin again...for eternity.
- Death Takes a Holiday: With Thanatos in chains, death was impossible and war became entirely pointless, which is why Ares rescued him.
- Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?: Got beaten by Herakles in a wrestling match once.
- The Grim Reaper: Although some texts give his role as Psychopomp to Hermes. He also lets his sisters, Keres, take those who died by blood loss.
- Hates Everyone Equally: In the original depictions, he is despised by mortals for being and bringing death and he hates them back, plus he hates the gods because they're immortal and outside his power (and it doesn't help that most of them are Jerkasses).
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: He and his twin brother Hypnos were often seen together in art.
- Physical God
- Pretty Boy: Despite the modern depiction of Death, Thanatos was generally shown as a handsome, winged, bearded man, or as a handsome, winged, beardless youth, depending on the artist and period.
- Sibling Team: With his twin brother Hypnos.
- Sleep Cute: With his brother, Hypnos sometimes. Awwwww!◊
- Winged Humanoid: How he's generally depicted.
ΘέτιςAn ancient sea goddess within the Greek pantheon, she is most well known for being the mother of the Greek hero, Achilles, whom she had with a mortal, Peleus. Is generally thought to have been a powerful goddess at one time, and it is even mentioned that she helped stop a rebellion against Zeus on Olympus but is not mentioned much in Classical Greek works.
ΤρίτωνNo, not that Triton. Espectially not that one. This Triton is the most famous son of Poseidon. A Greek god, he was a messenger of the sea, similar to how Hermes was a messenger of Olympus. One thing the Disney film got right is that Triton is usually represented as a merman, having a human's upper body and the tail-end of a fish, and he, like his father, carried a trident. He also carried a conch shell, which he blew like a horn to control the waves. had a daughter named Pallas (not the same Pallas mentioned farther up) and raised Athena as his own daughter. Athena would later accidentally kill Pallas. Triton would be the progenitor of an entire race similar to himself, called Tritons.
ΤύχηThis goddess is a unique one within the pantheon. While every god was usually heavily worshiped only in specific places, such as Athena being the patron god of Athens, Tyche had a unique role, in that was the deity that governed the prosperity and fortune of a city-state (aka, its destiny or fate). As such, she was a tutelary goddess: a protector of specific locations, but every city had their own iconic version of her and considered her their protector. She is believed to have controlled the fortunes of humanity.
- Anthropomorphic Personification: Of the prosperity of the city states.
ΖαγρευςA very, very enigmatic god, known from fragmentary myths, Zagreus was an important figure to the Orphic Mysteries as the "first-born Dionysus", but there's evidence that he's older than that, with some sources suggesting he was once on par with Gaia in terms of sheer importance. The most common telling is that he's the son of Persephone, either by Zeus, Hades or both, and that when Hera discovered this, she had him torn apart by the Titans (either out of jealousy or because he was set to inherit Zeus' position as king). His heart was recovered by Athena, who gave it to Zeus, who then either stitched it into his body or gave it to his lover Semele so that she could give birth to him again, and in the process Dionysus was born. He has achieved new prominence in the modern day thanks to a certain video game.
- Aluminum Christmas Trees: That's right, Hades fans, Zagreus WAS an actual god and not a character made up for the game (though his portrayal is something of an O.C. Stand-in by necessity). Not only that, but the connection with Dionysus that Zagreus makes up in the game as a joke is in fact, a nod to the actual mythology surrounding him.
- Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: It's clear that he had some importance in early Greek mythology, but for some reason he lost it and is nowhere to be found in the later myths.
- Classical Hunter: The version that is the son of Hades and Persephone and an Underworld god appears to be a nocturnal hunter of some kind. And apparently doesn't always cook the meat of his kills before he eats it.
- Composite Character: Possibly. It's unclear if Zagreus was always the first-born Dionysus or if he was syncretized with him later on.
- Death by Adaptation: In contrast to the "Orphean Dionysus" version of him, the older the "son of Hades and Persephone" version does not appear to have been subject to the same violent end as his counterpart.
- Multiple-Choice Past: While most versions remembered nowadays claim he was the son of Zeus and Persephone, a few fragmentary earlier myths claim he was the son of Hades and Persephone. There's a theory that the Orphics believed he was both as there's evidence that they frequently syncretized Zeus and Hades into the same god. Still others suggest he was born alongside Gaia, while others even suggest he and Hades were one and the same.
- Real Men Eat Meat: A noteworthy trait of his Classical Hunter characterization is his fondness for eating raw meat.