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     Aitos Kaukasios / Aetus Caucasius/ Caucasian Eagle 
Another of Typhon and Echidna's offspring, this one is one of the less famous. A gigantic eagle, it roamed the Earth until Zeus found a use for it and made it the tormenter of Prometheus, flying every day to eat his liver and killing whoever tried to free him until Hercules/Herakles killed it. In other versions, the Eagle was a bronze automaton made by Hephaestus, while in others, it was created by Gaia. Occasionally referred to as Ethon, Aethonem Aquilam or the Griffin-Vulture (also the name of a real life bird of prey). Is the basis for the constellation Aquila.
  • Animal Stereotypes: Averted; the eagle was a symbol of Zeus and generally honoured as the king of the birds in the classical mythology, but Aethon was one of Typhon's monstrous offspring. Still fitting, as he was part of Zeus' punishment for Prometheus.
  • Animalistic Abomination: Being a monstrous bird sired by Typhon and Echidna, this is kind of to be expected. Averted in the versions where it's an automaton.
  • Brutal Bird of Prey: A giant, vicious eagle.
  • Continuity Snarl: In some versions, Prometheus was punished before Gaia created Typhon, which begs the question of how the Eagle could be attacking him if its father hasn't been born yet.
  • Feathered Fiend: It was tasked by Zeus with disemboweling Prometheus on a daily basis.
  • Giant Flyer: A massive demonic eagle (or vulture, depending on which translation you read). Sorta fits as one of the Leathery Winged Avian variant.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: It was either one of Typhon and Echidna's monstrous offspring, sprung from the Earth as a child of Gaia (or Gaia and Tartarus, like Typhon) or an automaton crafted from bronze by Hephaestus. Interestingly, Hyginus brings up all three options in his telling and then more or less states that it doesn't really matter which origin is true, as it isn't relevant to the monster's purpose.
  • Satellite Character: It's pretty much only known as Prometheus' tormentor.

     The Birds of Stymphalia 
Man-eating birds with metal feathers, bronze beaks and toxic poo that were driven to Lake Stymphyalia by a pack of Arab wolves where they thrived in great numbers, much to the dismay of the local inhabitants. Hercules' sixth labour was to defeat them.
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     The Boar of Erymanthos 
A boar of immense size and ferocity that lived on Mount Erymanthos and was often sent by various gods in vengeance against villages. It may well have killed Adonis, unless that was Ares (or Apollo) in the shape of a boar. Capturing it was Hercules' fourth labour.

     Charybdis and Scylla 
Charybdis and Scylla lived on opposite sides of a narrow strait. Charybdis was a whirlpool, sometimes personified as a massive Sarlacc-like maw that sucked water into its many mouths three times a day and spewed it back out the rest of the time. Scylla was a drakaina with six heads on long necks, attached to a body with twelve tentacle-like legs, and a fish's tail. One or both of them may have been offspring of Typhon and Echidna, Echidna's sisters or alternately former nymphs turned monstrous.
  • Allegorical Character: Thought to be allusions to real life sailing hazards, with Charybdis embodying powerful storms and whirlpools while Scylla represents dangerous rock formations.
  • Baleful Polymorph: One or both of them, depending on the legend you're reading.
  • Big Eater: Charybdis. Indeed, some versions more or less describe her as a massive living stomach.
  • Eldritch Abomination: Both of them, but Charybdis — or at least some versions of her — was a notable one.
  • Lesser of Two Evils: Odysseus opts to go against Scylla instead of Charybdis, as the worst Scylla would do is eat as many of his men as she can fit into her mouths, whereas Charybdis would swallow them all at once.
  • Mega Maelstrom: Charybdis. In the original myths she was a hideous monster that sucked in the sea thrice a day, resulting in the vortex, but in later accounts, she was simply a gigantic whirlpool.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: Both of them have multiple origin stories. Scylla in particular is either a daughter of Phorkys and Ceto (and thus a sister to the Graeae, Gorgons, Echidna and at least some of the Sirens), a daughter of Typhon and Echidna, or a transformed Nymph.
  • Our Dragons Are Different: Scylla had at least ten heads — some of which were around her waist — tentacles for legs, and a fish-like tail.
  • Scylla and Charybdis: Trope Namers.
  • Sea Monster: Both were oceanic, though Scylla spent most of the time perched on a cliff.
  • Spell My Name with an "S": Charybdis is also spelt Kharybdis.
  • Villainous Glutton: Both of them, but Charybdis especially.
  • Was Once a Man:
    • According to myth, Scylla used to a beautiful nymph and was loved by the sea god Glaucus. However, the witch Circe wanted Glaucus' affections for herself and in jealousy poisoned the waters where Scylla lived, turning her into a horrible monster. Others say that she was Poseidon's lover and was turned into a monster by his jealous wife Amphitrite.
    • Charybdis was also a nymph in some myths, but Heracles threw her into the sea for stealing his cattle and asked his father Zeus to turn her into a monster. Though most versions claim she was a daughter of Poseidon who flooded costal towns as a way to wage war on Zeus, resulting in the latter turning her into the toothy bladder/sea anemone creature she's famous as.

     Cerberus 
An offspring of Echidna and Typhon (Second born by Hesiod's reckoning). A three-headed hound with a tail and mane made of live serpents, although most artists stopped reading after the word "hound". Unlike his siblings, Hades took him as a guard dog of his realm. He prevents mortals from entering the underworld and keeps the dead inside. Although there is no tale where Hades actually pets him, the king of the underworld cared about his pet dog enough, and only allowed Heracles to take him for the twelfth labor if the hero didn't injure him. He is arguably the strongest of his siblings as in one myth he defeats an escaped titan unaided and drags them back to Tartarus and he is the Final Boss of Hercules' labors.
  • Angry Guard Dog: He guarded the Gates of the Underworld.
  • Animalistic Abomination: A massive three-headed demonic dog covered in snakes? Yikes!
  • Amplified Animal Aptitude: Towards Hades, Persephone and even Heracles. He clearly understands speech and emotion. It is unclear if this in-born or due to Hades' training.
  • Big Friendly Dog: Vase-work of him while next to his master portrays him as such - an overgrown dog leaning into be pet.
    • Zig Zagged Trope: He was dangerous to those trying to break in or out of the Underworld.
  • Did You Just Punch Out Cthulhu?: Managed to take down and maul the crap out of Koios, who was one of the Elder Titans, when he tried to break out of Tartarus.
  • Fluffy the Terrible: According to some, his name translates as "Spot."
  • Gate Guardian: He's the one keeping the souls of the dead in the Underworld.
  • Hell Hound: The trope codifier.
  • Multiple Head Case: Quite famous for his three heads, not counting the heads of the serpents that made up his mane and tail.
  • Music Soothes the Savage Beast: How Orpheus got past him.
  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: According to others, his name is derived from kêr and erebos which would roughly translate to "Death-Daemon of Darkness".
    • It is also possible that his name means "Flesh Devouring" which is fitting for a beast of the underworld since the earth "eats" bodies of the dead.
  • Non-Malicious Monster: One of the few sapient examples. Quite deadly and fierce but largely non-evil - he’s a well trained pet specifically tasked with guarding his master’s home and tends spit out the souls of anything he catches.
  • Puzzle Boss: Averted Trope according to one account - unlike most of the rest of Hercules' labors, he needed no assistance from the Gods or tricky methods for overcoming Cerberus; Hercules asked Hades if he could borrow Cerberus for his labor, Hades said yes as long as he didn't use any weapons (probably not wanting Cerberus harmed), and Hercules proceeded to wrestle Cerberus with little more than his strength, skill, and his Nemean Lion skin for protection.
  • Punch-Clock Villain: Vicious hellhound though he may be, he is ultimately just on guard-duty. Don’t try to escape/break-in and he will leave you be.
  • Sole Survivor: He's the only child of Echidna and Typhon, depending on who you count among their offspring and which versions of the stories you use, that's yet to be slain — obviously because Hades owns him.
  • Sweet Tooth: The tale of Psyche had the girl get past him using cake. She was advised to use it because others had succeeded before with the same ploy.
  • Token Good Teammate: Probably the only one of Typhon and Echidna's offspring who is never claimed to be malicious or evil.

     Chimera 
One of Typhon and Echidna's children, the chimera was part lion, part goat and part snake, or dragon. Its body was that of a lioness, the snake or dragon head was its tail, and a goat head just popped out of its spine in the middle of its back. It breathed fire too. It lived in Lycia in Asia Minor. It was eventually slain by Bellerophon with the help of Pegasus.
  • Animal Gender-Bender: She's a female, but most myths say that her lion head had the mane of a male lion.
  • Breath Weapon: Her goat head could spit fire hot enough to melt at least lead.
  • Brother–Sister Incest: In some versions, she mated with her brother Orthrus to produce the Sphinx and the Nemean Lion.
  • Classical Chimera: The oldest descriptions have her as essentially a fire-breathing goat with a lion head and a serpent's tail; later artwork shows her with two heads, goat and lion, in the front, a leonine body, and a fully snake for a tail. The bit about her being a child of Echidna and Typhon first shows up in the Theogony. It's generally believed that the chimera got its name from Mount Chimaera, a volcano close to Lycia which was most known for its unexplained and constant fires.
  • Mix-and-Match Critters: A lion, a goat, and a snake; the precise combination varies from depiction to depiction, but she generally has a lion's head and some part of a snake for a tail.
  • Multiple Head Case: Her most popular depiction has three heads. A lion in the front, a live snake in the back for a tail, and a goat head coming out of the middle.
  • Our Dragons Are Different: She's sometimes described as having a dragon's tail instead of a snake.
  • Samus Is a Girl: Despite the Chimera having the head of a male lion, she's one of Typhon's daughters.

     The Cretan Bull 
Father of the Minotaur by the king of Crete's, King Minos, wife, Pasiphae, who had angered Aphrodite and was thus cursed with love for the king's prized but uncontrollably angry bull. The bull was a gift from Poseidon, and its anger was the result of Poseidon later becoming displeased with King Minos. Captured by Hercules as his seventh labour, when released it became known as the Marathon Bull after its new home until it was captured by Theseus and sacrificed to the Gods.
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     The Cyclopes 
Three brothers: Steropes, Brontes and Arges. They are sons of Ouranos and Gaia. Embodiments of brute strength and power, they each have one single eye in the middle of the foreheads. Ouranos feared them for their power and violent tempers, and then he sealed them away in Tartarus shortly after they were born with their other brothers, the Hekatonkheires. In some versions, Kronos either freed them and put them back in some time later or just kept them inside Tartarus, guarded by the Dragon, Kampe. In the final year of the Titanomachy, Zeus freed them and they forged the Olympians' weapons for them (if Hephaestus didn't do so already). Afterwards, they served as assistants to Hephaestus in his forge. They had the same names in Roman myths, both individually and collectively.

They had four mortal sons named Euryales, Elatreus, Trakhios, and Halimedes, and there was also a mortal tribe of them that lived near the island of Sicily, the most famous of them being Poseidon's son Polyphemos. The original three can be seen to have been the Monster Progenitors of the larger cyclops population.For tropes relating specifically to Polyphemus, see the Mortals and Demigods section.


  • Barbarian Tribe: Cyclopes fathered by Poseidon were rather barbaric, Polyphemos even had a taste for humans.
  • The Blacksmith: The original immortal trio. They were the ones who forged Zeus' lightning bolts, Poseidon's trident and Hades' Helm of Darkness. In other myths, they also made Apollo's bow.
  • Hair-Trigger Temper: They were described as being very foul-mooded.
  • Monster Progenitor: Starts with three, the rest of the race came later.
  • Sealed Good in a Can: The original immortal trio, whom Ouranos and later Kronos sealed away in Tartarus until Zeus busted them out.
  • Shock and Awe: Each of the immortal three represents a part of the nature of lightning that they each put into Zeus' thunderbolt: Steropes is lighting itself, Brontes is thunder, and Arges is its brightness.
  • To Serve Man: Some of the mortal ones that lived off Sicily, like Polyphemos, would eat sailors who came ashore there.
  • With Friends Like These...: When Zeus killed Apollo's son Asclepius Apollo wanted revenge but could not directly injure Zeus. Some writers have him kill the cyclopes who forged the lightning bolt while others, noting that the sons of Gaia are immortal, have him kill the four sons instead. In some versions, the three had helped to make Apollo's bow beforehand.

     The Dragon of Colchis 
This Dragon was a child of Typhon and Echidna and the guardian of the Golden Fleece sought by Jason and the Argonauts.

     Ekhidna / Echidna 
The "Mother of All Monsters" (no, not that "mother monster"), usually depicted as half nymph and half serpent. She was the mate of Typhon, mother to nearly all the notable monsters in Greek mythology.
  • Blackmail: She stole Heracles' horses and the only way for him to get them back was... To have sex with her.
    • Except in versions where it's a Scythian dracaena he sleeps with and not Echidna.
  • Cute Monster Girl: Half nymph, half serpent.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: As evil as she was, she dearly loved her husband and it's implied that they both loved their children.
  • God Couple: With Typhon.
  • Greater-Scope Villain: All the other monsters who terrorize Greece are her children.
  • Happily Married: Weirdly yes. She and Typhon have a very productive marriage by Greek deity standards—he never cheats on her, all her children are his, and they support one another in their respective endeavors. Even if one is sealed under Mt Etna.
  • Incest Is Relative: Depending on the version she is either Typhon's niece or his full sister.
  • Karma Houdini: In any version save the one where Argus gets her. In some versions, this is invoked on Zeus' part, due to him believing she and her children should become challenges for future heroes to prove themselves with.
  • Kaiju: Just like her husband Typhon.
  • Killed Off for Real: By Argus Panoptes, the hundred-eyed giant (later killed by Hermes). (In one story, at least.)
  • Mother of a Thousand Young: Cerberus, the Hydra, the Nemean Lion, the Chimera, the Sphinx, Orthrus, and a number of other beasties are all her children by Typhon.
  • Necessary Evil: Zeus may think so, as some versions have Echidna be left alive so she and her children can act as challenges for future heroes.
  • Outliving One's Offspring : And how. See Out of Character moment. This goes farther if we ignore the versions in which Argus offed her.
  • Out-of-Character Moment: The version in which she has a son by Heracles, which goes against her usual attitude towards humans. We can also point out Heracles was directly responsible for the deaths of several of her children (the Nemean lion, the Lernaean Hydra, the Caucasian Eagle, Orthrus and Ladon). In most other versions it isn't Echidna who sleeps with him, but a different creature called a Scythian dracaena, which had twin snake tails instead of legs.
  • Snake People: She had the upper torso of a gorgeous nymph...and the lower body of a snake. Along with dragon wings.
  • To Serve Man: In some versions, she carries off passers-by.
  • Unholy Matrimony: With Typhon.
  • What Happened to the Mouse?: In the versions where Argus didn't kill her; she just sort of disappears and is never mentioned again after her husband's defeated. Her offspring carry on her husband's Villainous Legacy by acting as challenges for future heroes, but she herself never appears and doesn't appear to be commanding them.
  • You Will Be Spared: In some versions, Zeus spares her life, on the grounds that her offspring will become a Necessary Evil for heroes to prove themselves against.

     Geryon and Orthrus 
Medusa's grandson Geryon was a giant who lived on the island Erytheia. He had either three heads on one body or three bodies, either way, he also had six hands, six feet and sometimes even wings. Orthus was the two-headed herd dog of Geryon and the brother of Cerberus. They guarded red cattle which Hercules was instructed to steal as his tenth labour.
  • Angry Guard Dog: Orthrus, Cerberus' two-headed brother.
  • Brother–Sister Incest: In Hesiod's Theogony, Orthrus mated with his sister the Chimera to produce the Nemean Lion and the Sphinx. Later versions say that all four were the children of Typhon and Echidna.
  • Every Things Better With Cows: What they guard
  • Hell Hound: Orthrus is the brother of the trope codifier.
  • Inverted Trope: You ever noticed how mythologies tend to have a penchant for multi-headed creatures? Well apparently the Greeks did, because Geryon has one head and multiple bodies. No, we don't know how that worked out either.
  • Our Giants Are Bigger: Geryon, who is the grandson of the gorgon Medusa.

     Gigantes 
The last children of Ouranus, born from his blood fertilizing Gaea when Kronos castrated him, possibly as Aphrodite was born from the sea. They didn't get involved much in the Titans' affairs, including when the Olympians took power in the Titanomachy and when their younger brother Typhon nearly overthrew the Olympians. However, they later fought the Olympians in the Gigantomachy, which they would have won if not for Hercules' aiding the Olympians. Many individuals are named, though again there are multiple different accounts of just what occurred with each of the Gigantes.

Eurymedon was their king. The brothers Ephialtes and Otus of Aloadae were either caused to kill each other by accident by Artemis after they captured her in an attempt to take her and Hera for their wives, or else slain by the arrows of Apollo and Hercules. Alcyoneus and Porphyrion were among the strongest of them and slain by Hercules in the Gigantomachy, the latter being first wounded by Zeus' lightening bolt before taking Hercules' arrow. Athena killed Pallas and Enceladus, burying the latter under Mt. Etna like Typhon. Artemis killed Gration with her arrows. Poseidon crush Polybotes under an island. Hephestus killed Mimas with molten iron. Hermes turned invisible to kill Hippolytus with a sword. Dionysus killed Eurytus with his thyrsus. Hecate immolated Clytius. Even the Moirae joined in, beating Agrios and Thoon to death with bronze clubs.


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     The Gorgons 
A set of three sisters: Stheno, Euryale and Medusa. Most people only know the story of Medusa, who is most well known for having snakes for hair and a visage that turned mortals to stone. In the original Greek myths and works based on them (like Hesiod's Theogony) she and her sisters were born either hideous or as beautiful yet still monstrous, but the Roman myths (and specifically in Ovid's Metamorphosis) had that all three were born beautiful and Medusa, a priestess of Athena who was raped by Poseidon in Athena's temple, was turned into a monster as punishment.
  • Axe-Crazy: Stheno, who was said to have killed more men than either of her sisters combined.
  • Beauty to Beast: Some versions state that Medusa and her sisters were so beautiful that Athena got jealous of them and turned them into gorgons just for that.
  • Brown Note: The Taken for Granite thing? The initial idea for that wasn't as a superpower, but by merely looking at them you turn to stone. I.e, they're just THAT hideous!
  • Characterization Marches On: The Gorgons were first mentioned in the Trojan Cycle, completely unnamed and indeed, not even gendered (leaving it open for them to be male). They're established as The Dreaded from the get-go, as their visage is said to kill/petrify anyone who looks upon them and said visage not only graces Athena's Aegis, but they can apparently be found in the Underworld and Odysseus shudders at the thought of encountering one. Hesiod ended up not only giving them names, but also clarifying that the Gorgons were frightful, female monsters with snakes for hair and rattling wings, but evidently still fair enough that Poseidon was smitten with Medusa and slept with her, impregnating her with Pegasus and Chrysaor, who were born when Perseus cut off Medusa's head. The story remained that way largely unchanged until Ovid came along and changed the narrative completely by claiming Medusa was instead a human priestess who was assaulted by Poseidon in Athena's temple and Athena, in a moment of pettiness, turned her into a monster to punish her for something she didn't even do (and possibly did the same to her sisters just out of spite). Over the course of several thousand years, the Gorgons had gone from nameless, generic monsters, antagonists of a hero's journey and finally tragic victims of a cruel, uncaring pantheon.
  • Cry Cute: Euryale was said to have let out a mournful wail when Medusa was killed, which serves to humanize her a little.
  • Death Wail: As mentioned above, Euryale's response to Medusa's demise.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: Monsters they might have been, but Stheno and Euryale were both understandably distraught when Perseus killed Medusa. Euryale cried out in anguish and both of them tried to kill Perseus for it.
  • For the Evulz: In their original greek myths, the sisters killed people because it amused them.
  • Functional Magic: The Gorgons' image was often used as protective magic, in hope that the user's enemies would be turned to stone.
  • Gorgeous Gorgon: While definitely common in modern interpretations, this is Older Than They Think given that later myths exist of the Gorgons still appearing beautiful but ironically turns everyone who looked at them to stone. An artistic example of this can be seen in a famous mosaic of Alexander the Great found in Pompeii, with a perfectly normal face with some tendrils coming out of it on his armor's breast.
  • Immortality: Stheno and Euryale are immortal. Medusa... well, wasn't.
  • Ironic Hell: Some versions of the myth twist the Gorgeous Gorgon concept into this; they were still beautiful, but their beauty was pointless because no one could look at them without being turned to stone.
  • Living Prop: In the original Greek myths, Medusa was less of a character and more of an obstacle for Perseus to overcome. The gorgons were known however for being the sisters of Echidna, who was the mother of basically every monster in Greek mythology.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: Not only are there two options as to how the Gorgons came to be, but there are multiple variations on one of those options.
    • The older Greek versions say that the Gorgons were monsters from the very beginning, as the daughters of Sea Monsters Phorcys and Ceto.
    • Another Greek version says they were once beautiful, but she started sleeping with Poseidon despite having a vow of chastity and even doing the deed in Athena's temple, right on the altar. Because of this, she was cursed with the monstrous form and petrification ability (which she couldn't control btw.)
    • The later Roman versions say that they were beautiful maidens, then Medusa was raped by Poseidon and turned into a monster by Athena as punishment. Some versions say that Medusa was (one of) Poseidon's (many) lover(s) and not a rape victim.
  • Off with Her Head!: How Medusa bit the dust.
  • Rape as Backstory: Medusa, in the Roman myths where she was raped by Poseidon, usually in Athena's temple. In all other versions, she willingly slept with him and knowingly broke her vows to Athena. The myth of Medusa being raped was invented by the poet Ovid who hated Emperor Augustus for banishing him because he commited adultery.
  • Reluctant Monster: Depending on which myth (more in the Roman one), Medusa will be played this way, being turned into a monster by Athena.
  • Revenge by Proxy: In Ovid's version that is, while we know how Medusa was turned into the monster she was, Stheno and Euryale, as far as we know, didn't do anything to deserve this.
  • The Scream: Euryale's most noteworthy trait was her bellowing cry. She let out a particularly loud one when Medusa died.
  • Taken for Granite: While it was technically the act of looking upon them that turned you to stone, it's popularly remembered as them looking upon you that results in petrification.
  • Villain by Default: Even in the myths where Medusa is a monster from birth, the myths don't usually clarify whether or not she actually did anything wrong. She's just a monster and monsters need to be killed. Possibly justified on some level, as Polydectes had no intention of making Perseus a hero and mainly sent him to take on Medusa as a wild goose suicide mission, while Athena mainly helped him as a Fetch Quest for Medusa's head, so she could incorporate her petrifying visage onto her Aegis.
  • What Happened to the Mouse?: Stheno and Euryale. Where did they go after Medusa died and what happened to them?
  • Winged Humanoid: A forgotten fact about the Gorgons; they had claws of bronze and wings like eagles.
  • Wolverine Publicity: Find a description of a lone Gorgon anywhere, and it'll inevitably be Medusa. Her sisters, Euryale and Stheno, are relatively overlooked — or nonexistent — in most depictions.
  • Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds: Only in Ovid's very late version. Of course, this depends on which myth you're going by — in the Greek myths they never were intended to be sympathetic. In fact, in the Greek version, she brought all her punishments on her self because of actions she did of her own free will.

     The Harpies 
Half-bird, half-human monstrosities. Jason encountered them on his quest and they were being used to punish a man who spoke out against Zeus.
  • Always Chaotic Evil: There's nothing pleasant about any of them.
  • Brutal Bird of Prey: More specifically, half woman, half Circling Vultures.
  • Death from Above: They were tasked with preventing a guy from eating by stealing his food or vomiting on it.
  • Feathered Fiend: They had the bodies of birds but human heads.
  • Giant Flyer: Possibly the Ur-Example of the "Leathery-Winged Avian" variant.
  • Harping on About Harpies: The Trope Maker.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: Sort of—two of the Harpies, Aello and Ocypete, are usually portrayed the daughters of the Oceanid nymph Elektra and the sea god Thaumas (who are also the parents of the messenger goddess Iris and her sister Arke); later sources add a third one named Celaeno to this parentage. However, others claim that Typhon is their father (though no mother is mentioned, we can assume this would mean Echidna is their mother)—though in this account, only Celaeno is named and the Harpies accompanying her aren't so they could be different Harpies.
  • Nausea Fuel: Invoked Literally. They were starving the man by vomiting on his food.

     The Hind of Ceryneia 
A hind is a doe, a deer; a female deer; of one of the larger species, of which the male would be a hart, buck or stag. This one had antlers like the male, only golden in color and matching fur as well as being sacred to the Goddess Artemis and fast enough to outrun an arrow. Hercules' third labour was to catch it, alive.
  • Know When to Fold 'Em: Heracles couldn't shoot the Hind, so he had to chase it for a whole year. Finally, the Hind was so weary from the chase that it gave up and allowed Heracles to capture it.
  • Super Speed: It could move fast enough to dodge arrows.

     The Hydra of Lerna 
Another child of Typhon and Echidna, the Hydra was many-headed serpent that lived in the swamps of Lerna. For every head you cut off, two more grew in its place. Oh, and one head was entirely immortal. Killing it was the challenge set forth in Heracles' second labor.
  • And I Must Scream: The Hydra ultimately never died, Heracles just burned its body to ashes in a manner that ensured it would not grow back anymore, and then buried the immortal head under a rock.
  • Bloody Murder: The poisonous kind — its blood was so toxic that even touching it was deadly.
  • Evil Evolves: It would regrow two heads for each one cut off.
  • Giant Enemy Crab: Hera called a monstrous crab in to aid the Hydra since Heracles was proving difficult to beat. Heracles just crushed it underfoot.
  • Healing Factor: Heracles did not even resort to cutting it: he just smashed its heads with his club, but that did not keep them from coming back either.
  • Hydra Problem: The Trope Namer — the earliest myths only describe it as growing back severed heads, but later versions of its story have it grow back two heads for every lost one. Obviously, this made it extremely difficult, if not impossible, for most warriors to deal with.
  • Kill It with Fire: It can't regrow its heads from a cauterized stump.
  • Multiple Head Case: Its usually depicted as starting off with nine heads, but it can grow more...
  • Our Hydras Are Different: The Trope Maker, Trope Namer and Trope Codifier, and quite possibly the Ur-Example. The Hydra of Lerna is the root from which the many-headed, regenerating, poisonous and swamp-dwelling serpents of later Western culture all spring.
  • Samus Is a Girl: It's occasionally described as being female, as is the Chimera.

     Kampê / Campe 
A drakaina set to guard the Hecatonchires by Cronus. She is described as having the head and torso of a woman, a scorpionlike tail, and snaky legs.

     Ketea / Cetea 
Perseus found a princess named Andromeda, who was being sacrificed to one of these sea creatures to appease Poseidon; he turned it to stone with the severed head of Medusa and they were married. Hercules is also credited with killing a cetus. The word has a very loose meaning and includes whales and big fish as well as more traditional sea monsters.
  • A Kind of One: Some myths have them as one or two individual monsters, but others pluralize them into a race of sea monsters.
  • Kraken and Leviathan: The Greek word Ketos is basically the same thing as the Hebrew Leviathan in its broad meaning, though the size of it qualifies it for this trope as well.
  • Sea Monster: It was Poseidon's pet, and its name is where the word cetacean comes from.

     Ladon 
One of the oldest monsters in Classical Mythology, Ladon was an offspring of Typhon and Echidna (or of the sea gods Phorcys & Ceto, depending on which version you listen to). His form was that of a dragon, but one unlike either traditional European or Asian dragons, and indeed his own form is not even consistent in the different versions of the story. His job was to guard the golden apples of the Garden of Hesperides. Though tasked with retrieving them in his eleventh labor, Ladon was so fearsome an opponent that Hercules had to enlist the help of Atlas who was a relative of the Hesperide Nymphs to complete the task. Ladon was later seen by the passing Argonauts as well.
  • And I Must Scream: He was still agonizing from Heracles' arrows by the time the Argonauts saw him.
  • Attack Its Weak Point: In some versions, Hercules had to shoot him in the mouth because of his thick scales.
  • Due to the Dead: After Heracles offed him, Hera turned him into the Constellation Draco to thank him for his services.
  • Informed Attribute: Many artworks portray Ladon as a small, one-headed, two-eyed serpent/dragon, rather than the hundred-headed or hundred-eyed dragon portrayed in the story.
  • Instant Awesome: Just Add Dragons!: His form is inconsistently depicted, but he is always described as a dragon of sorts.
  • Multiple Head Case: He had the greatest number of heads of any Greek monster, numbering up to a full hundred (although others say he had one big head instead).
  • Our Dragons Are Different: Very different, and different in so many ways. In addition to speaking human language, he could have as many as one hundred heads or just one with one hundred eyes, depending on the description. Others say his head was half his total length.
  • Sea Monster: As implied by his name (Greek for “strong flow”), some say he terrorized the high seas before being hired by Hera.
  • To Serve Man: Some versions state that he terrorized villages and ate people before being hired by Hera.
  • The Unfought: Ladon was so mighty that not even Hercules dared challenge him. This is averted in some versions, however: Hercules shoots and kills Ladon with his arrows dipped in Hydra blood.

     Laelaps the dog and the Teumessian Fox / Cadmean Vixen 
A magical dog that would catch anything that it chased and a giant fox destined never to be caught. The fox was also one of Echidna and Typhon's children. Zeus turned them into the constellations Canis Major (the dog) and Canis Minor (the fox) when Laelaps was set to chase the Teumessian Fox.
  • Taken for Granite: One version of the myth has Zeus turning them both to stone instead when the mortal Amphitryon created a philosophical dilemma by sending Laelaps after the Fox.
  • Unstoppable Force Meets Immovable Object: Of a sort. The poor dog had the misfortune of being sent after the one thing it could never catch.

     The Lion of Nemea 
Lived in Nemea. Its fur was impervious to attack by all mortal weapons and its claws could cut through any armour without difficulty. Sometimes counted among the children of Typhon and Echidna, killing it was Hercules' first labour.
  • Attack Its Weak Point: Varies according to the version : either Heracles strangles the lion to death (thus not having to deal with his invulnerable skin), or he was able to kill the lion by shooting an arrow through the roof of its mouth and into its brain, bypassing the unbreakable hide.
  • Impaled with Extreme Prejudice : The second version of his death, as mentioned above.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: It is commonly remembered as one of Typhon and Echidna's children, but in Hesiod's account, it was the offspring of Chimera and Orthrus.
  • Nemean Skinning: Trope Namer, having been skinned by Herakles using its own claws.
  • Nigh-Invulnerability: Heracles first tried shooting the Lion with his arrows, but they just bounced off. Then he attacked it with his sword, but the blade just bent. And then he tried whacking the Lion with his club, but that only dazed it (and shattered his club). Heracles finally managed to kill it by wrestling with and strangling it to death. When he tried to skin the Lion to use the skin as armor, Heracles had to use one of the Lion's own claws to do it.
  • Panthera Awesome: A giant lion whose skin couldn't be pierced by any weapon.
  • Wrestler in All of Us: Heracles, realizing he couldn't overcome the lion with weapons, got it in a wrestling hold and choked it to death with his bare hands.

    Manticore 

See also Our Manticores Are Spinier.

This monster had the body of a lion, with a scorpion's tail and the head of a man, though this didn't mean it lacked the sharp teeth of any other man-eating predator (in fact it had three rows of razor sharp teeth). It could also shoot poisonous spines from its tail.
  • Canon Immigrant: Adopted into Classical Mythology from Persian Myths.
  • Flechette Storm: It could send a barrage of needles from its tail.
  • Giant Flyer: Some versions have wings, though this was added later.
  • Hybrid Monster: Of the Mix-and-Match Critters variety: A shark-like mouth, the face of a man (though some versions claim it merely had blue eyes that were extremely human-like), the body of a lion, and the tail of a scorpion.
  • Our Manticores Are Spinier: Generally lion-like, in addition to having a human-like face, three rows of sharp teeth, and a scorpion-like tail that could launch spines like a catapult.
  • Poisoned Weapon: Its tail could fire venomous spines (some accounts say to a distance of up to 100 ft).
  • Spike Shooter: It shot poisonous ones from its tail to attack distant enemies.
  • To Serve Man: Almost always portrayed as a man-eater — in fact, its original name in Persian quite literally translates to "man-eater", which was on occasion directly translated in Greek as "androphagos". It was even said to prefer to hunt entire groups of people, so it had more human flesh to feast on.
  • The Unfought: Nobody fights a manticore in any of the myths.

     The Mares of Diomedes / Thrace 
Wild horses trained to eat human flesh by the giant Diomedes, King of Thrace, Son of Ares and Cyrene. Some versions of the story tell that they breathed fire as well. Hercules' eighth labour was to steal them.

     Minotaur 
Prince Asterion (meaning "Starry One"); the half-man half-bull, this beast the offspring of the Cretan Bull and King Minos' wife Pasiphae in an odd combination of punishments from different gods. Fearing that it would anger the gods further to kill the beast, King Minos sealed it away in a Labyrinth beneath the city and fed its man-eating appetite with the flesh of slaves taken as tribute from Athens. That is, until an Athenian prince named Theseus took the place of one of the slaves, seduced the king's daughter Ariadne into helping him find his way out of the labyrinth and killed it with his bare hands.
  • Half-Human Hybrid: He was the son of the Cretan Bull and Minos' wife Pasiphae.
  • Humanoid Abomination: Part of the reason he eats people is because his existence is a defiance of natural law.
  • A Load of Bull: The Trope Maker!
  • The Maze: Its home, the Labyrinth; possibly the Ur-Example.
  • To Serve Man: It had a ravenous appetite for human flesh, leading to Minos having it caged in the Labyrinth and satiating it with forcing young prisoners into its domain. This portion of the myth may actually have had some distant inspiration in reality - excavations of Knossos have found the bones of children with signs that they were butchered similarly to sheep or goats, leading to theories of ritual cannibalism having occurred.
  • Woobie, Destroyer of Worlds: In some versions of the story baby Asterion was a victim of parental abuse and neglect, which created his bloodthirsty nature. Being locked in a lonely prison didn’t help.

    Ophion(eus) 
A serpent who ruled Mt. Olympus before the Titans and incubated the Orphic Egg from which the other Protogenoi were born. Is only in the Orphic version of the myths and not part of the usually accepted mythology.
  • Animals Not to Scale: If we were to go by the description, he is bigger than the entire universe.
  • Animalistic Abomination: He was a serpentine entity larger than the known universe, which was born out of the Cosmic Egg he incubated.
  • God Couple: Ophion's wife was Eurynome, who in some interpretations was a Titan and in others was an Oceanid. In the Orphic tradition, they are depicted as the original rulers of Mt. Olympus before being deposed by Cronus and Rhea.
  • The Older Immortal: Kaos may be older, but not by any amount of time that matters for a being so old.

     Pegasus 
A winged horse, and one of the most famous mythic creatures. He's the child of Medusa and Poseidon (the result of rape in some stories). Later became hero Bellerophon's steed after being captured on the Muses' Mount Helicon and helped him slay Chimera, as well as in a battle against the Amazons. After Bellerophon's fall (literally and figurative), Zeus keeps him.

In another version, Pegasus is said to be born from Medusa's blood, as Perseus was beheading her (possibly after her blood mixed with sea foam, alluding to Poseidon); along with his human brother Chrysaor. Athena tamed the winged horse and gave him to Perseus, who flew to Ethiopia to help Andromeda. Was a later change to the story of Perseus, who already had winged sandals of Hermes, so a flying horse is somewhat redundant.


     Python 
A she-dragon, depicted as either a full-on serpentine dragon or a serpent woman, similar to Echidna and the Scythian Dracaena but (usually) unrelated to either. She took up residence in Delphi, where she was killed by Apollo and used to decorate his temple, the fumes of her decomposing body helping to fuel the Oracle's visions. In some tellings, she also helped Typhon in the battle with Zeus, guarding the cavern Zeus was thrown into after having his tendons ripped off.
  • Brother–Sister Team: As a daughter of Gaia, she was Typhon's sister and acted as Zeus' warden after Typhon defeated and imprisoned him.
  • Dead Guy on Display: Ultimately slain by Apollo, who then used her corpse to decorate his temple.
  • Decomposite Character: The Homeric Hymn to Apollo, one of the earlier sources featuring her, conflates her with Echidna. Later sources present them as separate characters.
  • Our Dragons Are Different: This one is either a giant snake or a woman from the waist up.
  • Snake People: Like Echidna, she's sometimes portrayed a snake woman, though she's also claimed to be a she-dragon.

     Scythian Dracaena 

A type of monster with the upper body of a beautiful woman but with twin serpent tails in place of legs. When Hercules was trying to bring in the cattle of Geryon, he unknowingly moored himself near ones territory. She then stole the cattle and would only give them back to him on one condition: he had to sleep with her and give her sons. Hercules obliged and gave her three.


  • Cute Monster Girl: Very beautiful once you look past the snake tails.
  • Mermaid Problem: Averted. Text specifically mention that they still had a human woman's buttocks (and presumably, other adjacent parts), with serpent tails replacing each leg at the thighs, rather than the hips. Which probably made it easier for Hercules to impregnate one.
  • Monster Is a Mommy: Not initially, but after meeting Hercules she became a happy mother of three sons, who went on to become kings.
  • Non-Malicious Monster: The one met by Hercules didn't want to eat him or anyone. She was merely lonely and longing for children.
  • Sexual Extortion: She said that she would only give the cattle of Geryon back to Hercules if he stayed with her for a time and got her pregnant (she longed for a son but had no lover). Played with in that Hercules not only happily consented to her terms, but went as far as to father three sons for her.
  • Snake People: Woman down to her butt, twin snake tails below it.

     The Sirens 
A race of bird-women who sang hypnotic music. The only person to hear their song and live to tell the tale was Odysseus.
  • Baleful Polymorph: A Little-known fact about the Sirens, they used to be Persephone's handmaidens. When they failed to find her after her kidnapping, a furious Demeter transformed them into bird-women, either as punishment or to assist in the search.
  • Bitch in Sheep's Clothing
  • Brown Note: Their song.
  • Butter Face: Inverted; Most artists depict their faces as being quite pretty, but their bodies are those of birds, from either the waist or neck down.
  • Driven to Suicide: Some say that when Orpheus played his song, the sirens were so heartbroken at being outdone that they threw themselves from their island, died and turned into rocks. There is something similar in the Odyssey : after Odysseus heard their song, and lived to tell about it, the Sirens flung themselves in the water and perished.
  • Enthralling Siren: Trope namers and codifiers.
  • Feathered Fiend: They were originally depicted as half women, half song-bird (often interpreted as canaries) creatures. It explains why they sing so well and why they fly.
  • For the Evulz: They didn't seem to have a reason to drown and eat all of those people. They just did. Although Baleful Polymorph above gives the possibility of a Freudian Excuse.
  • Little Bit Beastly: Inverted, they were mostly beastly. Also despite being commonly remembered as part-fish, but they were traditionally viewed as part-bird.
  • Magic Music
  • Multiple-Choice Past: Similar to the Gorgons, in some tellings, they were daughters of either one of the Muses (usually Melpomene, the Muse of Tragedy) or Gaia and transformed into Sirens by Demeter, while other tellings claim they were daughters of Phorkys and born as Sirens. Unlike the Gorgons, however, most tellings actually seem to split the difference, claiming that some Sirens were born that way while others were the transformed daughters of a Muse.
  • No Name Given: Ultimately subverted—The Odyssey, their first known appearance, never mentions the names or origins of the two Sirens Odysseus encountered. Hesiod would later give the Sirens the names Thelxinoe (or Thelxinope), Aglaophonus and Molpe and bumped their number up to three.
  • Pet the Dog: In some versions of the Persephone myth, Demeter turning them into Sirens was cited as this—they were fretting about not being able to find her, so Demeter gifted them with wings so they could cover more ground. Eventually they gave up and flew off to their island to commit murder.
  • Revenge: In one story, they killed Telemachus upon finding out he was the son of Odysseus.
  • Sadly Mythtaken: They were not mermaids. And they were not fully aquatic. This wouldn't make any sense; they are never stated to leave the rocks they live on and the one time they do, they drown. Additionally, Demeter turned them into Sirens to aid in the search for the kidnapped Persephone. So unless she thought Persephone was at the bottom of the oceannote , she wouldn't have made them part fish. On top of that they weren't beautiful. They were mostly bird with the heads of women and looked a fair amount like vultures.
    • It doesn't help that the word for mermaid in Spanish is "sirena", which lead to the confusion.
  • Take Our Word for It: The actual song of the Sirens has never been written in lyrical form by the Ancient Greeks, presumably because there was no way a human could put together a beautiful enough song for them. That hasn't stopped modern lyricists from trying though. For example...
  • To Serve Man: They fed on their victims after destroying their ships.
  • Villain Song: The Sirens' song could be seen as one, as it was meant to lure mortals to their doom.
  • Winged Humanoid
  • Your Heart's Desire: Their song can do this. With their song, they hypnotized listeners into thinking that they could give them the things they desired most. For example, Odysseus, who was an individual who constantly wanted to learn more and the Sirens offered him in their song incredible knowledge and the ability to see the future.
  • You Can't Fight Fate: According to Hyginus, sirens were fated to live only until the mortals who heard their songs were able to pass by them. Guess what happens when Odysseus heard their song, and survived.

     The Sow of Crommyon and the Boar of Calydon, Aetolia 
The Crommyonian Sow was a wild pig owned by Phaia (and sometimes named after her), the sow was a daughter of Echidna and Typhon and mother of the Calydonian Boar. It was killed by Theseus. The Calydonian Boar was hunted by a great gathering of heroes, which hurt a lot of their pride when the woman Atalanta was the first one among them to wound it.

     Sphinx 
One of the daughters of Typhon and Echidna (or in some versions, Orthrus & Chimera), the Sphinx had the head of a woman and the body of a winged lioness. She was born in Ethiopia and tasked by Hera to block the path to Thebes, where she asked travelers a tricky riddle, and when they failed to answer she strangled and ate them. Oedipus managed to figure out the answer, and she was so enraged she threw herself off a cliff.
  • Autocannibalism: In the versions where she ate her victims she ate herself when she was...
  • Driven to Suicide: Her riddle being bested was so devastating to her she committed suicide. If it wasn't the trope above she jumped off a cliff.
  • Multiple-Choice Past: Sometimes one of Typhon and Echidna's offspring, others the daughter of Orthrus and Chimera.
  • Our Sphinxes Are Different: She's typically portrayed with wings and a woman's head, sometimes also with human breasts or a serpent-headed tail. She was malicious and dangerous, and guarded the road to Thebes, killed all who could not answer her famous riddle and took her own life when Oedipus got it right. She was usually considered one of the many monstrous children fo Echidna, making her a sister to the Chimera, Cerberus and other monsters, and to have lived in Ethiopia until Hera sent her to plague Thebes.
  • Riddle of the Sphinx: "Which creature walks on four legs in the morning, two legs in the afternoon, and three legs in the evening?" The answer: Man.
  • Riddling Sphinx: Trope Namer and Trope Maker
  • Smug Snake: Absolutely confident that no-one could guess the answer to her riddle.
  • To Serve Man: In some variations, she ate the people she killed.

    Typhon / Typhoeus 
After the Olympians overthrew the Titans, Gaia gave birth to the biggest, nastiest, deadliest and most terrifying monster in Greek mythology, with arms that reached east and west — with a hundred dragon/serpent heads on each — huge wings that blackened the sky, fire blazing from his eyes and mouth, sometimes a head like a dragon, sometimes with the head of a man, and sometimes with a hundred dragon heads...yeah, Zeus had a pretty hard time defeating this guy. He also had numerous monster babies with Echidna. Zeus eventually trapped him under Mount Etna, where he causes volcanic eruptions.
  • And I Must Scream: Trapped forever under Mount Etna.
  • Attack of the 50-Foot Whatever: To say he was incomprehensibly massive is a major understatement.
  • Avenging the Villain: Birthed by Gaia to take revenge for the Titans.
  • Badass Beard: In artwork depicting him with a human head.
  • Big Bad: A good chunk of the horrible things that happened in Classical Mythology were, at least, indirectly his fault. He spawned almost all of the nastiest monsters and was specifically created to bring about Zeus' downfall.
  • Combat Tentacles: In some versions, he has snake coils below his legs that he can catch Zeus with.
  • Draconic Abomination: Some versions of Typhon make Tiamat look like a gecko, possessing a hundred — if not more — draconic heads spewing fire, lava, and cacophonous noise.
  • The Dreaded: The gods were terrified of this guy. To put it into perspective, when he showed up to fight Zeus, all the other Olympians fled in terror, leaving only Zeus (and in some versions, Athena) to fight him.
  • Eldritch Abomination: Not kidding about that above description. Not to mention he can go toe-to-toe with Zeus, the Top God of Greek Mythology. Some myths say that he actually defeated Zeus and ripped off his sinews, but then Hermes (The Flash of Greek Mythology) recovered the sinews and gave them back to Zeus, healing him. Zeus won the second match and sealed Typhon.
  • Even Evil Has Loved Ones: As evil as he was, he dearly loved his wife and it's implied that they both loved their children.
  • Evil Uncle: Kind of. He is Gaia's son and therefore the half-brother of Kronos, Zeus' father. At the same time, he is also Zeus' great-uncle, since he is also the brother of Ouranos.
  • Eye Scream: Some versions say that his eyes oozed with venom.
  • Father Of A Thousand Young: He's the daddy of most of the monsters in Greek Mythology.
  • God Couple: With Echidna.
  • Greater-Scope Villain: Just like Echidna, he’s the father of all the other monsters.
  • Happily Married: None of the myths portray he and Echidna as anything other than this.
  • Hero Killer: Without a doubt the worst monster in Greek myth. And depending on the version, he whupped Zeus' ass in round one.
  • Hoist by His Own Petard: Some versions of the story say that Typhon was going to bury Zeus under Mt. Etna. When he lifted the mountain over his head, Zeus threw a few hundred bolts of lightning at Typhon and caused him to drop the mountain on top of himself.
  • Humanoid Abomination: Half humanoid anyway.
  • Incest Is Relative: Echnidna is his niece or sister, though at this point in the page you probably stopped caring.
  • The Juggernaut: It took a mountain getting dropped on him to stop his rampage, and he still didn't die.
  • Kaiju: A metropolis-sized, destructive monster.
  • Multiple Head Case: Sometimes depicted as having a hundred dragon heads.
  • Our Giants Are Bigger: Emphasis on big. When he raises his hands above his head they can nearly touch the stars.
  • Our Monsters Are Weird: Even by Greek monster standards, his appearance was bizarre.
  • Sealed Evil in a Can: Sealed beneath Mount Etna (no relation).
  • Snake People: Not as obvious as Echidna, but it's still there.
  • To the Pain: In Nonnus' Dionysiaca, Typhon proclaims to Zeus all the horrible things he plans on doing to his family when he defeats him, including chaining up Poseidon with the same chains binding the Titan Iapetus, sending a stronger eagle to feast on Hephaestus' liver as revenge for Prometheus' punishment, trapping Hermes in a bronze jar, enslaving Ares and Apollo and having Hera, Artemis and Athena raped.
  • Ultimate Evil: As close as Greek myth gets to having one, what with being the offspring of Mother Nature and Hell.
  • Unholy Matrimony: With Echidna.
  • Villainous Legacy: His wife is spared more or less to invoke this trope—after Typhon is defeated, Zeus orders for Echidna to be kept alive, as her offspring will make excellent challenges for future heroes to fight.


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