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Araki has a marked affinity for non-Japanese music, particuarly classic rock and progressive rock. The sheer number of references in his work is baffling. This was a nightmare regarding translation, since most of the names were copyrighted, so they had to rename a lot.note  And as it went on, a little pop group here, a little rapper there appeared, in addition to more contemporary bands.

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    Phantom Blood 
  • Dio Brando
  • Danny → "Danny's Song" by Loggins & Messina
  • Erina Pendleton"Eleanor Rigby"
  • Wang ChanWang Chung, a pop group of The '80s.
  • Robert E.O. Speedwagon
  • Poco
  • Will A. Zeppeli
  • Tarkus and Bruford. Their Leitmotif, "Knights of Terror", is a heavy, intense Progressive Rock track that sounds stylistically similar to an Emerson, Lake & Palmer song, and specifically to portions of the song Tarkus is named after.
  • The Sage Tonpetty and his disciples Dire and Straizo
  • The zombie that attacks Jonathan and his friends before meeting the monks is named Mr. Adams.
  • Four of Dio's zombies are named Page, Plant, Jones and Bornnam.
  • One of Dio's minor zombie henchmen is named Doobie after the soft rock band The Doobie Brothers.
  • Father Styx
  • Fist of the North Star references:
    • After Dio has forcefully kissed Erina, he makes a familiar gesture, crossing his extended hands over his torso. It's the same gesture that Juda, the final villain from the Rei arc, does in his introduction.
    • When Jonathan meets Dio at his castle, he boasts to have come from Hell to fight him, much like what Kenshiro shouted to Shin before their duel, and Jonathan points at Dio in the same way Kenshiro would point an opponent.
    • In another Kenshiro-versus-Shin parallel, after Dio is defeated and falls off the tower, a boy asks why Jonathan couldn't truly hate Dio.
  • Jonathan himself shares a name with another protagonist of a 19th century vampire novel, the one that started it all.
    • Although, Jonathan gets his namesake for Jonathan's, a Japanese restaurant.
  • When meeting Speedwagon for the first time, Jonathan is wearing the stereotypical Sherlock Holmes outfit, an inverness cape and deerstalker hat.
  • Speedwagon in his first appearance is revealed to have a deadly bowler hat with a sharpened steel rim.
  • The anime shows Dio drinking from a wine bottle labeled Cronenberg.

    Battle Tendency 

    Stardust Crusaders 
  • In the beginning, Holly was singing Little Eva's hit (rerecorded by many other artists from Grand Funk Railroad to Kylie Minogue), "The Loco-Motion".
  • All of the initial Stands are named after the Major Arcana Tarot cards. Later, Egyptian God names are used, and when they ended, band names were the source.
  • Jotaro Kujo's last name is a nod to the Stephen King novel Cujo.
    • When the crew registers in the hotel run by Enya, Jotaro registers under the alias "Qtaro Kujo", a reference to the children manga Little Ghost Q-Taro by Fujiko Fujio.
  • Joseph Joestar's attire and tendency to use Hermit Purple as a whip are clear homages to Indiana Jones, likely building off of him working alongside the Nazis in the previous part.
  • Muhammad Avdol
    • One of his attacks with Magician's Red is called Crossfire Hurricane, after the first line from The Rolling Stones' "Jumpin' Jack Flash" ("I was born in a crossfire hurricane...")
  • Noriaki Kakyoin gets his last name from the city of Kakyōin in Japan's Sendai ward.
  • Jean-Pierre Polnareff
    • Polnareff repeatedly saying "Non!" during his fight against Avdol might be a reference to the singer's first hit song "La Poupée Qui Fait Non" (The doll who says no).
    • The character's sister is named Sherry, after the singer's song "Tout, Tout Pour Ma Chérie" (everything for my darling). The song isn't particularly popular in his home country of France, but charted really high in Japan which explains a lot.
    • Silver Chariot's helmet resembles Fist of the North Star's Jagi.
    • He does a Shout-Out to The Princess Bride, more exactly towards Inigo Montoya. Although they look and act nothing alike, Polnareff and Montoya have oddly similar backstories, both being European fencers who lost a family member after they were killed by a man with a deformed hand. It's outright Lampshaded when he and Kakyoin are finally facing J. Geil and losing (badly). J.P. calmly explains to a desperate Kakyoin that, when the moment of revenge arrives, you don't just shout random insults. There's a certain code you have to follow, and there are some precise phrases that have to be spoken. You know how it ends.
  • Gray Fly is named after The Eagles member, Glenn Frey.
    • His Stand, Tower of Gray, which represents coming disaster, matches Gray's M.O. of assassination by causing fatal transportation accidents.
    • The Stand's extra mouth is inspired by that of the title creature in Alien.
  • The false Captain Tenille whose stand is named Dark Blue Moon.
  • Forever is named after the album Wu-Tang Forever. He uses a Stand called Strength.note 
    • Strength was inspired by the famous ghost ship Mary Celeste, while parts of its appearance (especially in the OVA) were influenced by the 1980 horror movie Death Ship.
  • Devo The Cursed. In the Viz translation, he's called Soul Sacrifice.
  • Rubber Soul.
  • Hol Horse either references hip-hop group Full Force's name or rock duo Daryl Hall & John Oates.
  • J. Geil, renamed Centerfold in the Viz translation.
  • Nena
  • ZZ
    • Wheel of Fortune was inspired by the films Christine and Duel. It also resembles the car from the album artwork of Eliminator, which ties into ZZ's namesake.
  • Enya the Hag. Changed in the Viz translation to Enyaba
  • Steely Dan, the Viz translation changed his name to Dan of Steel
  • Arabia Fats
  • Mannish Boy is named after a song by blues legend Muddy Waters.
    • Death Thirteen attacks people in dreams, reminiscent of Freddy Krueger.
    • It also shouts "Lali-ho!" a few times, which is borrowed from Dragon Quest.
  • Cameo
  • Midler
  • Iggy, who just so happens to have the Fool as his Stand.
  • N'Doul
  • Oingo & Boingo, whose names are changed in the Viz translation to Zenyatta and Mondatta
  • Mariah
  • Alessi
  • Anubis' victims Chaka and Khan. His original user was Caravan Serai, named for one of Santana's albums.
  • Pet Shop
  • Kenny G; gets renamed "Billie Jean" for the English releases.
  • Brothers Daniel J. and Telence T. D'Arby
  • Vanilla Ice, whose Stand is called Cream. Doubles as a pun.
  • US Senator Wilson Phillips, DIO's unwitting chauffeur
  • Dio's name in Part III is shortened to just "DIO" and written in all caps as well and writing it consistently in English letters even in Japanese printings, changing the shoutout to Ronnie James Dio's band, also named "DIO." His gained Stand is named The World, after the namesake tarot card.
    • DIO hiding in Egypt is a reference to the DIO song Egypt (The Chains are On).
    • There's a subtle reference to the DIO song "Holy Diver" in the plot's setup. DIO spent the interim between Parts I and III — a span of one hundred years — in a coffin at the bottom of the ocean. In short, he was "down too long in the midnight sea". Another reference to "Holy Diver" can be deduced from the design of DIO's Stand, The World: A golden Nefarious Pharaoh (ancient pharaohs were considered divine at one point, thus "holy") with scuba diving bottles on his back (thus looking like a diver).
    • DIO's debut album, "Holy Diver", was released in 1983. This is the same year when DIO's coffin was retrieved from the sea.
  • In the manga version of the scene where Joseph uses Hermit Purple on a TV to get a message from randomized channels, Doraemon and The Godfather are among the shows displayed. The anime removes the references, but still shows a character asking where "Michael" is and adds a reference to Gorgeous Irene, one of Araki's previous works. Also shown on the TV is an all-female talk show called The Vision, complete with a host who looks like Whoopi Goldberg. Also in the manga the cover of Tom Petty's Full Moon Fever can be seen.
  • When Joseph is revived via the blood from DIO's corpse after having his own blood drained, he tries to prank Jotaro by pretending to be possessed by DIO. He's spared from a vicious beating when he proves it's really him by remembering the name of the lead actress from Tarzan the Ape Man (Bo Derek) and the singer of the parody song "Eat It" ("Weird Al" Yankovic - Yankovic himself even posted an excerpt of the scene on his Instagram account!)
  • Episode 8 of the anime has cameos of Lupin and Jigen when the party enters the hotel.
  • Joseph claims he knows how to ride a camel because he's seen Lawrence of Arabia three times.
  • When Kakyoin wakes up from his nightmare in Episode 19, Polnareff tells him he thrashing around and shaking the bed like that creepy girl from The Exorcist.
  • During the gambling with the elder D'Arby, Joseph taunts him by intentionally mispronouncing his name. This is probably a reference to The Sting, in which a trickster character keeps saying a mafioso's name wrong during a poker match to make him lose his cool.
  • The English Dub of Episode 20 has Mannish Boy yell "crap baskets!", which according to Word of God was an intentional reference to Dragon Ball Z Abridged.
  • In the dub of the Empress episode, Joseph scolds Polnareff for being tricked by Nena, or as he so kindly puts it, being "played like a damn fiddle."
  • In the dub of the final episode, Jotaro's comparison to the Wild West is modified into saying "It's high noon." A phrase popularized in Overwatch by the Wild West-inspired character Jesse McCree/Cole Cassidy, voiced by Jotaro's dub actor.
  • In the dub of Episode 33, when Alessi sticks his head out from the door he says "Oh Polnareff! Here comes Alessi!"
  • In episode 14, Polnareff compares the holes in a corpse's body to the cheese in Tom and Jerry.
  • In the dub of episode 38, Iggy calls Petshop "Tweety".
  • The Drama CD features an old man with the Stand Strange Relation.
  • In the finale after Jotaro, Joseph and Polnareff part ways at the airport, Joseph is seen putting a tape labeled "Get Back" in his walkman. This could also refer to the series as a whole, since the first part of the song refers to a man called Jojo.
  • Avdol's father (or rather, Avdol disguising himself as his father) has three chickens named Prince, Michael, and Lionel.

    Diamond is Unbreakable 
  • Josuke Higashikata's Stand: Crazy Diamond. The official localized name is "Shining Diamond" which retains the "Shine On You Crazy Diamond" reference, though on a more subtle level.
    • He also physically resembles Elvis, what with his hair and all (although the pompadour is a common style for Japanese Delinquents).
    • When Crazy Diamond retreats, the sound resembles the sound of a door closing in Doom.
  • Anjuro "Angelo" Katagiri's name is inspired by Angelo Badalamenti.
  • Koichi Hirose's Stand: Echoes.
    • Koichi also looks like Gohan (Super Saiyan 2 version) from Dragon Ball, while Echoes Act 1 and 2 bears similarities to the villain Cell, in that both take three forms, with the first two forms having a long tail and the second and third having progressively more humanoid shapes. Act 3 may also be likened to the villain Frieza.
  • Okuyasu Nijimura's Stand: The Hand.
  • Keicho Nijimura's Stand: Bad Company.
  • Tamami Kobayashi's Stand: The Lock.
  • Toshikazu Hazamada's Stand: Surface.
    • Surface is also a reference to Perman's eponymous copy-robots. In the series, the copy-robot transforms into an identical clone to help the main character keep his secret identity during missions. Hazamada himself points this out to Josuke, who has no clue what he's even talking about.
  • Yukako Yamagishi's Stand: Love Deluxe.
  • Akira Otoishi's Stand: Red Hot Chili Pepper.
    • Akira's design draws inspiration from Kenji Ohtsuki, a Japanese rock musician who's signature look includes wavy hair and scar over his left eye. Coincidentally, Kenji and Araki had an interview together about horror stories not too long before Akira appeared in-person.
    • Akira has "AC" and "DC" decorations on his cuffs, referring to the band and the band's namesake.
    • Akira proclaims that he aspires to live, "as hard and vicariously," as Jimi Hendrix and Jeff Beck, with two of his other inspirations being Eddie Van Halen and Stevie Ray Vaughan. Speaking of Eddie Van Halen, in the anime adaptation, Akira's right-handed guitar tap sounds nearly identical to Van Halen's "Eruption".
  • Shizuka Joestar's Stand: Achtung Baby.
  • Both rats' Stand: Ratt.
  • Rohan Kishibe's Stand: Heaven's Door.
  • Tonio Trussardi's Stand: Pearl Jam.
  • Reimi Sugimoto has no Stand, but has two references to the Syd Barrett era of Pink Floyd: her name is a play on "See Emily Play" and she has a dog called "Arnold," as in "Arnold Layne".
    • Her backstory seems to be a direct reference to the urban legend "Humans Can Lick Too".
  • Yoshikage Kira's Stand: Killer Queen, with bonus points for the chorus of the song itself being a very apt description of the Stand's power set.note 
  • Shigekiyo Yangu's Stand: Harvest.
  • Yoshikage's father, Yoshihiro Kira's Stand: Atom Heart Father.
  • Ken Oyanagi's Stand: Boy II Man.
  • Mikitaka Hazekura's Stand(?): Earth, Wind & Fire.
  • Yuya Fungami's Stand is named Highway Star. Changed in the Viz translation to "Highway Go Go".
  • Toyohiro's Stand: Super Fly (less a reference to the film itself, but rather its Cult Soundtrack).
  • Terunosuke Miyamoto's Stand: Enigma.
  • Masazo Kinoto's Stand (with a mind of its own): Cheap Trick.
  • Tama's Stand: Stray Cat.
    • Tama is a blue British Shorthair who dies, is buried, then comes back to life supernaturally, meaner than before, similar to Church from Pet Sematary.
  • Aya Tsuji's Stand: Cinderella refers to both the fairytale and also the band from the 80s.
  • Koichi's family has an old dog named "Police".
  • In one of Yukako's earliest appearances, she mentions Prince and asks what the term "funky music" means. For bonus points, the anime episode that adapted the scene aired about a month after Prince passed away.
  • When Okuyasu, at Tonio's restaurant, eats the mozzarella and tomato appetizer he finds delicious, he compares the dish to a Simon & Garfunkel duet, a sketch of Ucchan and Nanchan (a Japanese comedy duo) and to Tomorrow's Joe. In the dub, the Ucchan and Nanchan comparison is changed to one of Abbott and Costello.
  • The ship Joseph Joestar arrives on is called the S.S. Traffic
  • When Joseph first meets Okuyasu, he mishears Okuyasu's name and calls him "Osomatsu".
  • While Jotaro and Josuke are searching for a rat, they come across a large clump of rats in a cube made of the rat's own meat. Jotaro pokes it with a stick, to see what it is. Josuke claims that he poked it in the same way Arale pokes a piece of poop with a stick.
    • When Jotaro first announced they were looking for a rat Stand user, Josuke immediately thinks of Mickey Mouse.
  • When Rohan meets Kinoto and is curious about why he doesn't want people to look at his back, Rohan's reminded of Duke Togo from Golgo 13.
  • In the Sheer Heart Attack chapter, an excerpt about Morioh from a book about Japanese vacation spots is mentioned, with the publisher being Minmei Shobou.
  • Nu Mikitakazzo N'shi is a shapeshifting alien who can bond to other humans, but who finds loud noises intolerable. In other words, he's just like Venom.
  • Diamond is Unbreakable takes place in the summer of 1999, referencing the Prince song of the same name.
  • The name of the oneshot Thus Spoke Rohan Kishibe references the English name of Also sprach Zarathustra.
  • In episode 32 of the dub, Yuya suspects that Terunosuke Miyamoto's Stand is "timey-wimey bullshit".
  • Josuke is seen playing a video game on a Nintendo 64 at one point.
  • In the dub, after Okuyasu explains The Hand's abilities to Josuke, he says "So go ahead, punk, make my day."
  • After Rohan catches Josuke cheating at a game of dice, and his house burns down in a matter only tangentially related to it, the chapter ends by saying that "[his] grudge grew three sizes that day."
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    Golden Wind 

    Stone Ocean 

    Steel Ball Run 

    JoJolion 
  • Josuke Higashikata's (and Josefumi Kujo's) Stand: Soft & Wet
  • Yasuho Hirose's Stand: Paisley Park
  • Joshu Higashikata's Stand: Nut King Call.
    • Nut King Call's design having bug like eyes and a large v over it's forehead bears resemblence to Kamen Rider and other tokusatsu heroes.
  • Ojiro Sasame's Stand: Fun Fun Fun
  • Daiya Higashikata's Stand: California King Bed. Her first dialogue has her asking Josuke if he knows of Yes, she has a copy of the band's Fragile in her bedroom, and later in her story arc she starts to sing Bicycle Race.
  • Speaking of Yes, the Wall Eyes bear a resemblance to the... structures... on the cover of their album Relayer.
    • Speaking of those structures, you say those Wall Eyes came after a major earthquake? Scientists around the world don't know their cause or purpose? Where have we heard that one before?
  • Kei Nijimura's Stand: Born This Way (Formerly Going Underground).
  • One of the places in Morioh is known as "Shakedown Road", which could also be called "Shakedown Street". The reason it's like this is the Stand of the ginkgo trees there: Les Feuilles.note 
  • Tsurugi Higashikata's Stand: Paper Moon King, as well as being a reference to It's Only A Paper Moon
  • Norisuke Higashikata's Stand: King Nothing
  • Yotsuyu Yagiyama's Stand: I Am A Rock
  • Jobin Higashikata's Stand: Speed King
    • After returning from vacation, he, among other things, offers a Tetsujin 28-go Sofvi figure as a gift to Josuke.
  • Aishou Dainenjiyama's Stand: Doobie Wah!
  • The A. Phex Brothers' Stands: Schottkey No. 1 and Schottkey No. 2.
  • Hato Higashikata's Stand: Walking Heart
  • Kaato Higashikata's Stand: Space Trucking
  • Tamaki Damo with a Stand name of Vitamin C is undoubtably a Can reference what with the name being reference to Damo Suzuki of Can and their song Vitamin C.
  • Dual layered with the "Milagro Man" - as Milagro is Spanish for "Miracle" it's a reference to "Miracle Man" by Ozzy Osbourne, but Milagro is also the name for a Japanese leather goods company which produces (among other things) wallets. Thus tying back into the whole money aspect.
  • Dolomite's Stand: Blue Hawaii
  • Rai Mamezuku's Stand: Doggy Style
  • Urban Guerilla, his Stand Brain Storm, and his companion Rock Animal Doremifasolati Do are all references to Hawkwind.
  • Poor Tom and his Stand Ozone Baby both refer to songs by Led Zeppelin.
  • Wu Tomoki's Stand Doctor Wu
  • Satoru Akefu might perhaps hold the strangest shoutout in the series. His design and ability are highly inspired by the surrealist painter René Magritte, who had a tendency to draw paintings of men in dapper outfits with their heads always blocked out by something, like in his most known painting, The Son Of Man. The cover art of Chapter 96 and Volume 23, both featuring Satoru is a direct shoutout to another of René's paintings, Golconda.
  • Satoru Akefu turns out to be Tooru's Stand Wonder of U.
    • When a journalist visits Akefu in his office, he finds the doctor unresponsively standing in the corner of the room, back turned to him, akin to the ending of The Blair Witch Project.
    • Right before switching over to Elvis Presley's "The Wonder of You" to keep his composure, an emotionally-distressed Tooru is seen listening to "Crazy Train".
  • Two morally neutral Rock Animals are named Dododo de Dadada and Obladi Oblada.
  • Lucy Steel and Fumi-kun are seen towards the end of JoJolion investigating what's known as "The Radio Gaga Incident".

    Other 
  • The non-canon light novel Jorge Joestar swaps the Stands' Musical Theme Naming for movie references:
    • One version of DIO has a Stand named The Passion; fittingly, it takes the form of a crown of thorns. Jonathan also gains it once he comes Back from the Dead thanks to the Saint's Corpse's bones - in this continuity, they're actually Dio's.
    • Aya Tsuji's Stand Cinderella (which allows her to replace others' body parts) is renamed Face/Off.
    • Koji Hirose's Stand (a propeller): Blue Thunder.
    • Muryotaisu Nijimura's Stand (three dolphins): Grand Bleu.
    • Fukashigi Nijimura's Stand (a 30-year-old New York cop): NYPD Blue.
    • Shigetaka Yangu's Stand (which controls stray dogs): Stray Dog.
    • An alternate universe Bruno Bucciarati has a female, needle and thread-based version of Sticky Fingers called Stepmom.
    • An alternate universe Leone Abbacchio has a Moody Blues-like Stand that uses videotapes named Videodrome.
    • An alternate universe Guido Mista's Stand: The Iron Ladies.
    • An alternate universe Narancia Ghirga's Stand: U-Boat.
    • An alternate universe Funny Valentine's Stand: Singin' in the Rain.
    • Funnier Valentine's Stand: Rear Window.
    • An alternate universe Dolcio Ciocclata's Stand: Blob.
    • An alternate universe Secco Rottario's Stand: Evil Dead.
    • An alternate universe Prosciutto Geppano has a version of The Grateful Dead with spiral theming on its body; its name is Twister.
    • An alternate universe Pocoloco's Stand: Right Stuff.
    • An alternate universe Goyathlay Soundman's Boundnote : Dune.
  • In the official English localization of All-Star Battle, if young Joseph defeats Lisa Lisa, he says "Why did it have to come to this?! You are tearing me APART, Lisa Lisa!"
  • The Part 5-set light novel Golden Heart, Golden Ring has a Post-Punk theme to it's names.
  • Another Part 5 spinoff, Purple Haze Feedback features a Jimi Hendrix theme for it's Stand names, in keeping with the focus character being Fugo.
  • Remote Romance, created for an 25th anniversary streamed art exhibition in 2012. His original user according to his backstory, Dixie Flatline, was inspired by and named after a character in Neuromancer.
  • Dija Maker's Stand: House of Holy, created for a Part 3-themed escape room attraction.
  • Scatola's Stand: The Shelter, created for another escape room attraction, this time based on Part 5.
  • Fujiko Fujiyama's Stand: Bad Romance, for a spinoff involving Jolyne Cujoh.
  • The parrot from Crazy Diamond's Demonic Heartbreak who belonged to Pet Shop's original owner is named Petsounds.
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