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Araki has a big thing for non-Japanese music, particuarly classic rock and prog rock. The sheer number of references in his work is baffling. This was a nightmare regarding translation, since most of the names were copyrighted, so they had to rename a lot.note  And as it went on, a little pop group here, a little rapper there appeared, in addition to more contemporary bands.

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    Phantom Blood 

    Battle Tendency 
  • Smokey Brown, named after the R&B singer Smokey Robinson.
  • Caesar Anthonio Zeppeli
  • Lisa Lisa and her servants Loggins and Messina, the latter named after an ex-member of the band Poco.
  • Wired Beck. The first name is a reference to one of Jeff Beck's albums, and the other, well...
  • The Pillar Men are named Santana, Esidisi, Wamuu and Kars, all of them after bands of similar names.
  • Suzi Q.
    • Suzie Q's name may also be a reference to Suzi Quatro.
  • Lisa Lisa kills Wired Beck in classic Fist of the North Star fashion - complete with Joseph assuring Beck that "You Are Already Dead."
    • Along with keeping the one from above, the dub adds another one. In episode 23, before Kars kills three of his underlings, he says "As you can clearly see, they are already dead."
  • During the flashback when Speedwagon's plane was hijacked, Joseph is reading Superman. In the anime, it is replaced by Baoh, an earlier work of Araki's.
  • The Pillar Men seek the Red Stone of Aja.
  • The island where Joseph's training with Lisa Lisa and Caesar takes place, Air Supplena Island, is named after the band Air Supply.
  • The song "Propaganda" from the anime quotes Friedrich Nietzsche, more specifically Also sprach Zarathustra.
    • Speaking of the OST, "Welcome to the World" opens with a guitar riff too similar to "Owner of a Lonely Heart" for it to be unintentional. Cemented by the fact that "Owner" and "Roundabout", the show's ending theme, are both songs by the band Yes.
  • The awakening of the Pillar Men mirror the infamous Opening of the Ark scene from Raiders of the Lost Ark, in which Nazis rouse an ancient entity through opening an artifact that proceeds to deal out a Cruel and Unusual Death on said Nazis

    Stardust Crusaders 
  • In the beginning, Holly was singing Little Eva's hit (rerecorded by many other artists from Grand Funk Railroad to Kylie Minogue), "The Loco-Motion".
  • All of the initial Stands are named after the Major Arcana Tarot cards. Later, Egyptian God names are used, and when they ended, band names were the source.
  • Jotaro Kujo's last name is a nod to the Stephen King novel Cujo.
    • When the crew registers in the hotel run by Enya, Jotaro registers under the alias "Qtaro Kujo", a reference to the children manga Little Ghost Q-Taro by Fujiko Fujio.
  • Muhammad Avdol
    • One of his attacks with Magician's Red is called Crossfire Hurricane, after the first line from The Rolling Stones' "Jumpin' Jack Flash" ("I was born in a crossfire hurricane...")
  • Jean-Pierre Polnareff.
    • Polnareff repeatedly saying "Non!" during his fight against Avdol might be a reference to the singer's first hit song "La Poupée Qui Fait Non" (The doll who says no).
    • The character's sister is named Sherry, after the singer's song "Tout, Tout Pour Ma Chérie" (everything for my darling). The song isn't particularly popular in his home country of France, but charted really high in Japan which explains a lot.
    • Silver Chariot's helmet resembles Fist of the North Star's Jagi.
    • He does a Shout-Out to The Princess Bride, more exactly towards Inigo Montoya. Although they look and act nothing alike, Polnareff and Montoya have oddly similar backstories, both being European fencers who lost a family member after they were killed by a man with a deformed hand. It's outright Lampshaded when he and Kakyoin are finally facing J. Geil and losing (badly). J.P. calmly explains to a desperate Kakyoin that, when the moment of revenge arrives, you don't just shout random insults. There's a certain code you have to follow, and there are some precise phrases that have to be spoken. You know how it ends.
  • Gray Fly is named after The Eagles member, Glenn Frey.
    • His Stand, Tower of Gray, which represents coming disaster, matches Glenn's M.O. of assassination by causing fatal transportation accidents.
    • The stand's extra mouth is inspired by that of the title creature in Alien.
  • The false Captain Tenille.
  • Forever is named after the album Wu-Tang Forever. He uses a Stand called Strength.note 
    • Strength was inspired by the famous ghost ship Mary Celeste, while parts of its appearance (especially in the OVA) were influenced by the 1980 horror movie Death Ship.
  • Devo The Cursed. In the Viz translation, he's called Soul Sacrifice.
  • Rubber Soul.
  • Hol Horse either references hip-hop group Full Force's name or rock duo Daryl Hall and John Oates.
  • J. Geil, renamed Centerfold in the Viz translation.
  • Nena
  • ZZ
  • Enya the Hag
    • The English translations get around any legal issues by renaming her Enyaba
  • Steely Dan, the Viz translation changed his name to Dan of Steel
  • Arabia Fats Domino
  • Mannish Boy is named after a song by blues legend Muddy Waters.
    • Death Thirteen attacks people in dreams, reminiscent of Freddy Krueger.
    • It also shouts "Lali-ho!" a few times, which is borrowed from Dragon Quest.
  • Cameo
  • Midler, a character who's better known as a playable character in the Fighting Game
  • Iggy
  • N'Doul
  • Oingo & Boingo, whose names are changed in the Viz translation for Zenyatta and Mondatta
  • Mariah
  • Alessi
  • Anubis' victims Chaka and Khan. His original user was Caravan Serai, named for one of Santana's albums.
  • Pet Shop
  • Kenny G; gets renamed "Billie Jean" for the English releases.
  • Brothers Daniel J. and Telence T. D'Arby
  • Vanilla Ice, whose Stand is called Cream. Doubles as a pun.
  • US Senator Wilson Phillips, DIO's unwitting chauffeur
  • Dio's name in Part III is shortened to just "DIO" and written in all caps as well and writing it consistently in English letters even in Japanese printings, changing the shoutout to Ronnie James Dio's band, also named "DIO." His gained Stand is named The World, after the namesake tarot card.
    • Dio hiding in Egypt is a reference to the DIO song Egypt (The Chains are On).
    • There's a subtle reference to the Dio song "Holy Diver" in the plot's setup. DIO spent the interim between Parts I and III — a span of one hundred years — in a coffin at the bottom of the ocean. In short, he was "down too long in the midnight sea".
  • In the manga version of the scene where Joseph uses Hermit Purple on a TV to get a message from randomized channels, Doraemon and The Godfather are among the shows displayed. The anime removes the references, but still shows a character asking where "Michael" is and adds a reference to Gorgeous Irene, one of Araki's previous works. Also shown on the TV is an all-female talk show called The Vision, complete with a host who looks like Whoopi Goldberg. Also in the manga the cover of Tom Petty's Full Moon Fever can be seen.
  • When Joseph is revived via the blood from DIO's corpse after having his own blood drained, he tries to prank Jotaro by pretending to be possessed by DIO. He's spared from a vicious beating when he proves it's really him by remembering the name of the lead actress from Tarzan the Ape Man (Bo Derek) and the singer of the parody song "Eat It" ("Weird Al" Yankovic - Yankovic himself even posted an excerpt of the scene on his Instagram account!)
  • Episode 8 of the anime has cameos of Lupin and Jigen when the party enters the hotel.
  • Joseph claims he knows how to ride a camel because he's seen Lawrence of Arabia three times.
  • When Kakyoin wakes up from his nightmare in Episode 19, Polnareff tells him he thrashing around and shaking the bed like that creepy girl from The Exorcist.
  • During the gambling with the elder D'Arby, Joseph taunts him by intentionally mispronouncing his name. This is probably a reference to The Sting, in which a trickster character keeps saying a mafioso's name wrong during a poker match to make him lose his cool.
  • The English Dub of Episode 20 has Mannish Boy yell "crap baskets!", which according to Word of God was an intentional reference to Dragon Ball Z Abridged.
  • In the dub of the Empress episode, Joseph scolds Polnareff for being tricked by Nena, or as he so kindly puts it, being "played like a damn fiddle."
  • In the dub of the final episode, Jotaro's comparison to the Wild West is modified into saying "It's high noon." A phrase popularized in Overwatch by a Wild West-inspired character Jesse McCree, voiced by Jotaro's dub actor.
  • In the dub of Episode 33, when Alessi sticks his head out from the door he says "Oh Polnareff! Here comes Alessi!"
  • In episode 14, Polnareff compares the holes in a corpse's body to the cheese in Tom and Jerry.
  • In the dub of episode 38, Iggy calls Petshop "Tweety".
  • The Drama CD features an old man with the stand: Strange Relation
  • In the finale after Jotaro, Joseph and Polnareff part ways at the airport, Joseph is seen putting a tape labeled "Get Back" in his walkman. This could also refer to the series as a whole, since the first part of the song refers to a man called Jojo.

    Diamond is Unbreakable 
  • Josuke Higashikata's stand: Crazy Diamond. All Star Battle's English release changes it to "Shining Diamond" which retains the reference, though on a more subtle level.
    • He also physically resembles Elvis, what with his hair and all (although the pompadour is a common style for Japanese Delinquents).
    • When Crazy Diamond retreats, the sound resembles the sound of a door closing in Doom.
  • Anjuro "Angelo" Katagiri's name is inspired by D'Angelo.
  • Koichi Hirose's stand: Echoes.
    • Koichi also looks like Gohan (Super Saiyan 2 version) from Dragon Ball, while Echoes Act 1 and 2 bears similarities to the villain Cell, in that both take three forms, with the first two forms having a long tail and the second and third having progressively more humanoid shapes. Act 3 may also be likened to the villain Frieza.
  • Okuyasu Nijimura's stand: The Hand.
  • Keicho Nijimura's stand: Bad Company.
  • Toshikazu Hazamada's stand: Surface.
    • Surface is also a reference to Perman's (a work of Fujiko Fujio) eponymous copy-robots. In the series, the copy-robot transforms into an identical clone to help the main character keep his secret identity during missions.
  • Yukako Yamagishi's stand: Love Deluxe.
  • Akira Otoishi's stand: Red Hot Chili Pepper.
  • Shizuka Joestar's stand: Achtung Baby.
  • Both rats' stand: Ratt.
  • Rohan Kishibe's stand: Heaven's Door.
  • Tonio Trussardi's Stand: Pearl Jam.
  • Reimi Sugimoto has no stand, but has two references to Pink Floyd: her name is a play on "See Emily Play" and she has a dog called "Arnold".
    • Her backstory seems to be a direct reference to the urban legend 'Humans Can Lick Too'.
  • Yoshikage Kira's Stand: Killer Queen, with bonus points for the chorus of the song itself being a very apt description of the stand's power set.note 
    • Killer Queen's Second Bomb Sheer Heart Attack and final form Killer Queen Bites The Dust are both named after Queen songs.
  • Shigekiyo Yanguu's Stand: Harvest.
  • Yoshikage's father, Yoshihiro Kira' Stand: Atom Heart Father.
  • Ken Ooyanagi's stand: Boy II Man.
  • Mikitaka Hazekura's stand(?): Earth, Wind & Fire.
  • Yuya Fungami's stand is named Highway Star. Changed in the Viz translation to "Highway Go Go".
  • Toyohiro's Stand: Super Fly (obviously more the soundtrack than the film).
  • Terunosuke Miyamoto's Stand: Enigma.
  • Masazo Kinoto's Stand (with a mind of its own): Cheap Trick.
  • Gatta's stand: Stray Cat.
    • Gatta is a blue British Shorthair who dies, is buried, then comes back to lifine supernaturally, meaner than before, similar to Church from Pet Sematary (1989).
  • Aya Tsuji's stand: Cinderella refers to both the fairytale and also the band from the 80's.
  • Koichi's family has an old dog named "Police."
  • In one of Yukako's earliest appearances, she mentions Prince and asks what the term "funky music" means. For bonus points, the anime episode that adapted the scene aired about a month after Prince passed away.
  • When Okuyasu, at Tonio's restaurant, eats the mozzarella and tomato appetizer he finds delicious, he compares the dish to a Simon & Garfunkel duet, a sketch of Ucchan and Nanchan (a japanese comedy duo) and to Ashita no Joe. In the dub, the Ucchan and Nanchan comparison is changed to one of Abbott and Costello.
  • The ship Joseph Joestar arrives on is called the S.S. Traffic
  • When Joseph first meets Okuyasu, he mishears Okuyasu's name and calls him "Osomatsu".
  • While Jotaro and Josuke are searching for a rat, they come across a large clump of rats in a cube made of the rat's own meat. Jotaro pokes it with a stick, to see what it is. Josuke claims that he poked it in the same way Arale pokes a piece of poop with a stick.
    • When Jotaro first announced they were looking for a rat stand user, Josuke immediately thinks of Mickey Mouse.
  • When Rohan meets Kinoto and is curious about why he doesn't want people to look at his back, Rohan's reminded of Duke Togo from Golgo 13.
  • In the Sheer Heart Attack chapter, an excerpt about Morioh from a book about Japanese vacation spots is mentioned, with the publisher being Minmei Shobou.
  • The name of the oneshot Thus Spoke Rohan Kishibe references the English name of Also sprach Zarathustra.
  • In episode 32 of the dub, Yuya suspects that Terunosuke Miyamoto's Stand is "timey-wimey bullshit".
  • Josuke is seen playing a video game on a Nintendo 64 at one point.
  • In the dub, after Okuyasu explains The Hand's abilities to Josuke, he says "So go ahead, punk, make my day."
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    Vento Aureo 

    Stone Ocean 

    Steel Ball Run 

    Jo Jolion 
  • Jousuke Higashikata's (and Josefumi Kujo's) stand: Soft & Wet
  • Yasuho Hirose's stand: Paisely Park
  • Joushuu Higashikata's stand: Nut King Call.
    • Nut King Call's design having bug like eyes and a large v over it's forehead bears resemblence to Kamen Rider and other tokusatsu heroes.
  • Oujirou Sasame's stand: Fun Fun Fun
  • Daiya Higashikata's stand: California King Bed. Her first dialogue has her asking Josuke if he knows of Yes, she has a copy of the band's Fragile in her bedroom, and later in her story arc she starts to sing Bicycle Race.
  • Speaking of Yes, the Wall Eyes bear a resemblance to the... structures... on the cover of their album Relayer.
    • Speaking of those structures, you say those Wall Eyes came after a major earthquake? Scientists around the world don't know their cause or purpose? Where have we heard that one before?
  • Kyou Nijimura's stand: Born This Way (Formerly Going Underground).
  • One of the places in Morioh is known as "Shakedown Road", which could also be called "Shakedown Street". The reason it's like this is the Stand of the ginkgo trees there: Les Feuilles.note 
  • Tsurugi Higashikata's stand: Paper Moon King, as well as being a reference to It's Only A Paper Moon
  • Norisuke Higashikata's stand: King Nothing
  • Yotsuyu Yagiyama's stand: I Am A Rock
  • Jobin Higashikata's Stand: Speed King.
    • After returning from vacation, he, among other things, offers a Tetsujin 28-go Sofvi figure as a gift to Josuke.
  • Aishou Dainenjiyama's stand: Doobie Wah!
  • The A. Phex Brothers' Stands: Schottkey No. 1 and Schottkey No. 2.
  • Tamaki Damo with a stand name of Vitamin C is undoubtably a Can reference what with the name being reference to Damo Suzuki of Can and their song Vitamin C.
  • Dual layered with the "Milagro Man" - as Milagro is Spanish for "Miracle" it's a reference to "Miracle Man" by Ozzy Osbourne, but Milagro is also the name for a Japanese leather goods company which produces (among other things) wallets. Thus tying back into the whole money aspect.
  • Dolomite's stand: Blue Hawaii
  • Rai Mamezuku's stand: Doggy Style
  • Urban Guerilla, his stand Brain Storm, and his companion Rock Animal Doremifasolati Do are all references to Hawkwind.
  • Poor Tom and his stand Ozone Baby both refer to songs by Led Zeppelin.
  • Wu Tomoki's stand Doctor Wu
  • Satoru Akefu might perhaps hold the strangest shoutout in the series: His design and ability are highly inspired by the surrealist painter René Magritte, who had a tendency to draw paintings of men in dapper outfits with their heads always blocked out by something, like in his most known painting, The Son Of Man. The cover art of Chapter 96, feauturing Satoru is a direct shoutout to another of René's paintings, Golconda.

    Other 
  • The non-canon light novel Jorge Joestar swaps the Stands' Musical Theme Naming for movie references:
    • One version of DIO has a Stand named The Passion; fittingly, it takes the form of a crown of thorns. Jonathan also gains it once he comes Back from the Dead thanks to the Saint's Corpse's bones - in this continuity, they're actually Dio's.
    • Aya Tsuji's Stand Cinderella (which allows her to replace others' body parts) is renamed Face/Off.
    • Koji Hirose's Stand (a propeller): Blue Thunder.
    • Muryotaisu Nijimura's Stand (three dolphins): Grand Bleu.
    • Fukashigi Nijimura's Stand (a 30-year-old New York cop): NYPD Blue.
    • Shigetaka Yangu's Stand (which controls stray dogs): Stray Dog.
    • An alternate universe Bruno Bucciarati has a female, needle and thread-based version of Sticky Fingers called Stepmom.
    • An alternate universe Leone Abbacchio has a Moody Blues-like Stand that uses videotapes named Videodrome.
    • An alternate universe Guido Mista's Stand: The Iron Ladies.
    • An alternate universe Narancia Ghirga's Stand: U-Boat.
    • An alternate universe Funny Valentine's Stand: Singin' in the Rain.
    • Funnier Valentine's Stand: Rear Window.
    • An alternate universe Dolcio Ciocclata's Stand: Blob.
    • An alternate universe Secco Rottario's Stand: Evil Dead.
    • An alternate universe Prosciutto Geppano has a version of The Grateful Dead with spiral theming on its body; its name is Twister.
    • An alternate universe Pocoloco's Stand: Right Stuff.
    • An alternate universe Goyathlay Soundman's Boundnote : Dune.
  • In the official English localization of All-Star Battle, if young Joseph defeats Lisa Lisa, he says "Why did it have to come to this?! You are tearing me APART, Lisa Lisa!"
  • The Part 5-set light novel Golden Heart, Golden Ring has a Post-Punk theme to it's names.
  • Another Part 5 spinoff, Purple Haze Feedback features a Jimi Hendrix theme for it's stand names, in keeping with the focus character being Fugo.
  • Remote Romance, created for an 25th anniversary streamed art exhibition in 2012. His original user according to his backstory, Dixie Flatline, was inspired by and named after a character in Neuromancer.
  • Dija Maker's Stand: House of Holy, created for a Part 3-themed escape room attraction.
  • Scatola's Stand: The Shelter, created for another escape room attraction, this time based on Part 5.
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