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Les Collaborateurs

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"I, for one, welcome our new computer overlords."
Ken Jennings on Jeopardy!, paraphrasing Kent Brockman after the Watson A.I. won


Living under the heel of a despotic Evil Overlord and his Empire is no picnic even for those blind to their tyranny. No surprise then that La Résistance does everything it can to make his reign difficult. Luckily, what La Resistance lacks in numbers it makes up for with loyal grassroots support from the oppressed people because The Revolution Will Not Be Vilified. No matter how good the tyrant's publicity, only the foolish believe him and all the people that matter help La Resistance.

Except, of course, for Les Collaborateurs. Why fight against an occupying power which empowers your people, promotes your worldview, is at least marginally more efficient at running your country than you are, can't be ejected from your country, or can only be ejected at a price you're unwilling to pay? The French State cited all of these reasons, and more, when defending their decisions to give Nazi Germany a quarter of their GDP (including their entire armaments output) and most of their Jewish populationnote  during World War II. In most fictional media, of course, these kinds of people don't exist.


Then there are the perks,note  which are of course your only reasons for collaborating in a work of fiction. Helping out can give you money, power, sex, and most important of all: revenge against all those pretty popular kids that just joined La Resistance! Les Collaborateurs can act as The Mole, spreading and gathering intelligence, as saboteurs within the resistance by undermining their own efforts, or as an agent of distrust and discord to break apart The Alliance. Les Collaborateurs are only too happy to sell out their countrymen like animals to the slaughter, even if signs point to the villain having a penchant for killing collaborators.


Usually they're unctuously Smug Snakes, low grade Magnificent Bastards, Evil Reactionaries, or even Trolls. And no, these guys will not end up Becoming the Mask or doing a Heel–Face Turn — they've tasted power and found it sweet. You can, however, expect them to think that their utter betrayal will somehow make The Chick insanely attracted to them (Love Makes You Evil meets Go-Go Enslavement). Thankfully, the cosmic sense of justice ensures that all collaborators become Asshole Victims meeting with particularly grisly Karmic Deaths, because Treachery Is a Special Kind of Evil.

In Real Life, it's often a murkier picture. Ordinary, upstanding citizens across the world "collaborated" to greater and lesser extents with Axis occupation, for instance, and many of them didn't really agree with Fascist/Nazi/Greater East Asia ideology or the policies they helped implement; they were just trying to survive. Others were maligned for simply fraternizing with the invaders to any extent. And then there were the peoples who had been denied (sometimes forcibly) their right to self-determination, so they didn't consider the existing nation-states their own even prior to German invasion. After the war, it was common practice in France to shave the heads of women who loved and/or had sex with Germans (whether as wives, lovers, or prostitutes) so ordinary people who didn't know them personally could help pitch in and team up to make their lives hell for their perceived 'treachery' and (supposed) sexual promiscuity. While there were a good twenty thousand illegal/informal/impromptu executions of collaborators during the Liberation of France, and most collaborationist captains of industry had their assets nationalised or were formally tried and executed, French collaborators in positions of authority were virtually all unpunished. Even François Darlan, second-in-command to Marshall Pétain, switched sides without consequence before he was assassinated by Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle , a French Resistance member. Maurice Papon, organiser of the Holocaust in Bordeaux, went on to have a long and distinguished career organising the killing of yet more 'anti-French' elements in French North Africa and Metropolitan France before finally being tried for his role in the Holocaust in the 1980s.

If a member of Les Collaborateurs is given a position of power or influence over the conquered people, then he becomes The Quisling.

Compare The Remnant and Voluntary Vassal. This trope is the villain opposite of La Résistance, and the government they collaborate with is The Empire. When they are on the battlefield (willingly or not), they are Battle Thralls. If collaborators work for a superhuman/inhuman power with the hope of being uplifted to the same status themselves, see Transhuman Treachery and Vampire Vannabe.


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    Anime & Manga 
  • Suzaku and Honorary Britannians in Code Geass.
  • Jinto's father in Crest of the Stars was viewed as this after he surrendered to the Abh in exchange for making Jinto a first-generation Abh noble.
  • In Endride, the Truculent is a group made up five members of a race disadvantaged by King Delzaine's rule, but nonetheless on his payroll, whose job involves eliminating threats and undermining La Résistance. One of the team members is playing The Mole to La Resistance, but genuinely defects over time since La Resistance is actually fighting for their rights.
  • Fullmetal Alchemist has Solf J. Kimblee, the Gold-toothed Doctor, and the entirety of Central Command. The Doctor in particular stands out, as he's perfectly aware Father's scheme will result in The End of the World as We Know It and simply doesn't care.
  • Hetalia: Axis Powers: Just about any occupied nation shows signs of this, though they're not necessarily happy about it. But a few really stand out:
    • Germany's WWII occupation of Austria. After he finishes his rant, Austria just shrugs and says that he really doesn't mind.
    • Hungary seems to have no problems with basically being Austria's maid during the Chibitalia episodes. Though that said, it's mentioned that she's been defiant in that time as well as longing.
    • Ukraine's relationship with Russia. Combined with Yandere for Belarus/Russia.
    • Italy's attitude toward being captured/invaded in general is very nonchalant and he always says things like "I'll do anything!" and "I'll tell you everything!"
  • Count Germont in Honoo no Alpen Rose.
  • In My-Otome, Tomoe joins forces with Nagi when he conquers Windbloom and holds the students of Garderobe hostage, hoping to use her newfound powers and freedom to achieve her own personal goal of getting Shizuru to fall in love with her.
  • One Piece:
    • in the Skypiea Arc, the White Berets agree to work for the usurper "God" Enel in the hopes that they could protect the people of Skypiea by doing so. This proves futile when Enel revealed that he had planned to destroy Skypiea and kill everyone before he set off to Fairy Vearth.(Which is the Moon)
    • In her Tragic Backstory and leading up to the Arlong Park Arc, Nami agreed to join Arlong's crew so that she could buy the island back and prevent more deaths.

    Comic Books 
  • 2000 AD:
    • Judge Dredd:
      • When the East Meggers invaded Mega City One during the Apocalypse War, some citizens rallied to their side. Dredd at one point executes a batch to make an example out of them.
      • During Necropolis, almost the entire Justice Department helped the Dark Judges and the Sisters of Death with the genocide they carried out in Mega City One.
    • The Ten-Seconders: Many humans have become Followers of the "Gods" in the hopes of gaining more power or possibly become semi-superhuman themselves. When the Sufficiently Advanced Aliens who created the Gods turn Malloy, a priest whose church was burned down by some of these Followers, into a God, his first act is to incinerate every Follower in the world.
  • Asterix: Various albums have Gauls or other conquered peoples allying themselves with the Romans:
    • Asterix and the Banquet, twice Asterix and Obelix are betrayed by a Gaul working for the Romans; Unpatriotix and Uptotrix.
    • Asterix and the Big Fight introduces the Gallo-Romans, who accepted the Pax Romana and tried to adapt to the ways of their invaders. The main threat is a strong Gallo-Roman chieftain named Cassius Ceramix, whom the Romans enlist to beat Vitalstatistix in a duel and thus claim control over the village of the indominable Gauls.
    • Asterix and the Picts, the Maccabees tribe, led by Maccabaeus, ally themselves with the Romans.
  • Fables has a story involving Icabod Crane and Cinderella, who're both secretly collaborators for the Adversary. Except Cinderella is actually a mole for Bigby Wolf, sent to ferret out Crane's treachery. When caught, Crane tries ineffectively to claim that he was also pretending to collaborate in order to ferret out traitors. It doesn't work.
    • Trusty John from the same series is another example, although he was forced to do so by his oath to his master, now a vassal for the Adversary. After death he becomes a faithful servant to Flycatcher, however, in contrast to Shere Khan and Bluebeard, who try to sell out Haven to the Adversary.
  • Discussed in Maus: Vladek reveals that a small number of Jewish friends and relatives, including one who saved him and Anja but not Anja's parents for money, worked with the Nazis in Poland. He asserts, however, that the one who helped him had some standards and killed a Jewish man that ratted out Vlad in the first place. Vlad himself was made to transport the dead though it sickened him.
  • Spirou and Fantasio: "Le Groom vert-de-gris" explored the trope more than your usual story. Sure they are criminals like Real Life Violette Morris who was more than happy to sell info to Nazis and lives in former Jewish house but even Spirou is considered a sympathizer simply for being a groom at the hotel that the Nazis took as headquarter, the comic shows the Traumatic Haircut done by the "good guys" to anyone who slept with the "boches" and some member of the resistance even debate if they should kill Hergé because his comic was published by a journal that also published Nazi propaganda note . Collaborators became an easy label for anyone who doesn't suffer more than you and paranoia tore up relationship (in the comic Fantasio distrusts Spirou after he saw him using his status as colonel's favorite groom to make Gestapo's officers back off) because anyon can end up talking.

    Comic Strips 
  • Terry and the Pirates featured several Chinese who were only too happy to collaborate with the Japanese invaders; most notably Warlord Klang.

    Fan Works 
  • In Aeon Entelechy Evangelion there are Migou "cultists", sleeper agents who truly believe that Migou are the good guys in the Aeon War (which is true, from a certain point of view).
  • All He Ever Wanted has Hungary and Liechtenstein as a mix of this and Sex Slaves to Nazi Prussia, which is especially questionable because this happens after Prussia brutally rapes both of them (and in addition, tortures Hungary while forcing Austria to witness how he does so). It's supposed to be a Batman Gambit from them, to manipulate Prussia to their own benefit and then bring his downfall. The Unfortunate Implications remain, as the whole deal is regarded as very Out of Character for the three of them: in canon Hungary is shameless about watching nude men and teases her close friend Ukraine about putting on a Stripperiffic dress once but is kinda prudish about HER own body in recent times, Liechtenstein suffered a lot in and after World War I but there are no hints of her ever being through sexual violence, and not only Prussia isn't some crazy Nazi in canon but character-wise he's a Chivalrous Pervert who would never rape anyone to start with..
  • The Conversion Bureau: the ponification serum was developed with the help of human scientists. In addition, depending on which story you're reading, the world's leaders have zero interest in stopping them.
    • And then there's the PER (Ponification for Earth's Rebirth), who, while not official collaborators, have forsaken their humanity and will ponify any humans that haven't converted yet. Sometimes by force.
  • Great House Hlaalu is often seen as being these in Daria In Morrowind.
  • Equestrylvania:
  • The Immortal Game: All the pony nobles and soldiers who swear loyalty to Titan, Terra, and Empyrean after they take the throne from Celestia. However, it's worth noting that outside of General Esteem and his inner circle (who sought power), it appears that many only did so out of fear and the belief that the Loyalists had no chance to win.
  • In Past Continuous, the inhabitants of a Bajoran Militia station are called collaborators by ultra-nationalist Bajoran protesters for working with (or in Captain Kanril Eleya's case, being in) Starfleet.
  • Queen of Shadows:
    • The Shadowkhan Empire uses a network of human collaborators to help enforce its rule in its territories. At best, they're treated with derision by the Shadowkhan, as a distasteful but necessary tool.
    • Shendu likewise has an entire court of willing human servants.
  • Sun & Moon: Ascending Star presents the so-called sham court: ponies that recognized Discord as the rightful King of Equestria in exchange for marginally better living conditions. Seeking his favor, they send spies throughout the population in an attempt to find the leaders of La Resistance.
  • In Winter War, when Seireitei is surrendered to Aizen's forces and he puts Gin in charge of the city to get rid of him, some of the Gotei 13 and the nobility go along with it. This doesn't include any of the captains or lieutenants, but there are enough shinigami left for Gin to set himself up as "soutaichou".
  • Worldwar: War of Equals: When the governments of the world announce the approach of the Race's Conquest Fleet, many UFO and doomsday cults spring up and attack military facilities in order to pave the way for their "alien masters". They all end up in jail.
    • When the Race occupy Ciudad Juarez, the civilians of the city welcome them as liberators from the drug cartels.
    • Not too long after the invasion starts, the government of Lesotho surrenders to the Race... despite being thousands of kilometers from any of the fighting. This results in South Africa invading and occupying the country in order to deny the Race a landing site, and arresting all of its leaders for treason.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • Theron, the Ephors and Ephialtes are Greeks who help the Persians in Frank Miller's 300. Ephialtes is the only real life example.
  • Allied: Max Vatan's wife, Marianne Beauséjou, is accused of working for the Germans, having assumed the real (dead) Marianne's identity to infiltrate Free France and SOE operations and the German ambassador she and Max assassinated in Casablanca was a dissident Hitler wanted executed anyway. Turns out it's all true. At another point, Max and several French resistance fighters deal with a Vichy police officer in Dieppe who alerts the German garrison when he gets the chance.
  • The Ascent is about two soldiers from a Soviet partisan unit fighting the Germans during World War II. They are eventually captured and interrogated by a ruthless Russian collaborator at German HQ. The more idealistic soldier dies nobly while his more cowardly comrade joins the Germans and becomes a collaborator himself.
  • Paul Verhoeven's Black Book centers around a woman who is asked by the resistance to sleep with various high-ranking Germans in order to spy on them and plant bugs in their offices. After the war, she is set upon, humiliated and nearly killed by a mob.
  • In the Blade film series, humans who know about vampires but choose to serve them against their own kind are called "familiars". They are easily identified by their glyph tattoos.
  • Captive State: It's stated a vast majority of politicians around the world - from local levels to global government - have capitulated. The majority of Resistance targets are implied to be these as well.
  • Captain Renault in Casablanca is a rare example of a redeemed Collaborateur. While neutral towards the Nazis, Rick, and the occupation in general, he takes up his forgotten patriotism and helps Victor Lazlo escape Casablanca and Rick escape arrest, going so far as to throw away a bottle of Vichy water towards the movie's end. As part of the setup near the beginning of the movie, the police shoot a fleeing suspect (with expired ID who just happened to be a Free France supporter) dead beneath a poster bearing the visage of Pétain and the words "Je tiens mes promesses, même celles des autres." ("I keep my promises, even other people's.") Anvilicious? Take That!? Yes and yes.
  • In Closely Watched Trains, a Czech film set in World War II during the Nazi occupation, the administrator in charge of the railway is a Nazi collaborator who lectures the workers at the station about doing their part for Germany.
  • C.S.A.: The Confederate States of America:
    • It's a slave, Ol' Popsy, that suggests to Jefferson Davis that he suggest to the annexed Northerners that they could own their own slaves in order to assimilate to Confederate life.
    • When the slave trade is revived during the Great Depression, it's done with the collaboration of African heads of state. African-Canadian historian Patricia Johnson expresses some very Tranquil Fury when they're brought up.
  • Defiance: Some Belarusians collaborate with the Germans and are eventually murdered by the partisans. Also, the Real Life Bielskis served in the Soviet administration of occupied Poland, which has made their positive portrayal controversial to many Poles.
  • The Forgotten Battle has a rather tragic example in Marinus, who starts out fighting alongside the Germans on the Eastern Front in World War II, presumably having volunteered out of misplaced anti-communist idealism. He becomes increasingly disaffected with them as the film goes on, but by then he has extreme difficulty in getting away; for him, eventually, Redemption Equals Death. Another Dutch character is seen as a collaborator by other Dutch people because he is prepared to work with the Germans, but is actually an idealistic doctor who is struggling with a moral determination to provide treatment to anyone who needs it.
  • Escape from Sobibór: Deconstructed with the Kapos; Kapo Berliner provides the most straight example. Others though are good men who help their fellow prisoners, with the privileges which they use for aiding the escape. At least the rest don't stand in its way.
  • In Hangmen Also Die!, Czaka says the following when questioned by his handler Inspector Gruber why he collaborates with the Nazi occupiers of Czechoslovakia:
    Czaka: Because as a real Czech patriot I realize our entire future depends on unconditional collaboration with Greater Germany.
    Inspector Gruber: And I thought you did it for business reasons, for certain favours, for certain very profitable military contracts.
  • In Hotel Rwanda one of Paul's hotel employees is a virulent Hutu partisan who tells the militia about the location of the Tutsi refugees.
  • Subverted in Ip Man, where policeman-turned-Japanese interpreter Li Zhao is shown as a sympathetic character just trying to survive and attempts to help the titular character by taking advantage of the Japanese inability to understand Chinese. Ultimately he shoots the Smug Snake Colonel Sato, delivering that character's Karmic Death, but is still subject to the Inferred Holocaust. There's also "Fatty" in the sequel to the British, but it turns out he was The Mole trying to get information against them.
  • Subverted in It Happened Here (1966), set in an alternative 1944 Britain conquered by the Nazis. Its entire theme is how ordinary people are drawn into collaborating with fascism. Highly controversial at the time for upsetting popular World War II mythology.
  • The one Briton helping the Saxons invade post-Roman Britain in King Arthur. He hides in a tree to avoid dying in the final battle, and gets sniped with an arrow from a mile away.
  • Lacombe, Lucien is about a teenaged boy who joins the French Gestapo in 1944, purely out of boredom.
  • Mr. Yee in Lust, Caution: He's a high-ranking member of the pro-Japanese Reorganized National Government of the Republic of China.
  • Papy fait de la résistance:
    • The page image is Adolfo Ramirez (Gérard Jugnot), the concierge-turned-collaborator policeman from this French WW2 comedy. He's everybody's Butt-Monkey, Germans, French, collaborators or résistants.
    • The movie features another collaborator, a smarmy bureaucrat played by Jean Yanne, who pontificates to the protagonists about how the Nazis aren't that bad and everybody's better off collaborating. He's then taken hostage by an escaped British pilot and promptly pleads that he was Just Following Orders before being offed.
  • In Red Dawn (2012) a couple of out-of-town and would-be members of the Wolverines decide to become North Korean collaborators purely out of spite against the Wolverines because they didn't like the war-experienced Iraqi veteran telling them how to handle a gun. They get killed without a second thought in the Wolverine's first major operation.
  • Ryan's Daughter, the climax of which involves the titular character wrongly, as it turns out having her head shaved for tipping off the British about the weapons drop.
  • Soldier of Orange: Alex joins the Waffen-SS when his other friends join the Dutch resistance. He later dies in combat on the Russian front.
  • The Sorrow and the Pity is a documentary about life in Vichy France during the years of occupation. It dwells on all sorts: the apathetic middle (most everyone), La Résistance, and the collaborators. An anti-Semitic French aristocrat who fought with the Waffen SS is interviewed at length.
  • In They Live!, the wealthy elite of society are secretly cooperating with a race of aliens that are slowly taking over everything, effecting a widening financial gap between the poor and wealthy, and are implied to be terraforming the entire planet to fit their native climate. Among them is a former friend of Nada and Frank from the camp. It's all part of the film's political commentary.
  • Dylan Gould (among others) in Transformers: Dark of the Moon.
  • In Tsogt Taij, Mongolian prince Khush Khan is only too willing to ally himself with the invading Chinese and Tibetans. When his daughter Khulan finds out about this, she not only denounces him, but puts on armor and fights in the army of her father's enemy, loyal Mongolian lord Tsogt Taij.
  • War for the Planet of the Apes has the "Donkeys," apes who were captured by the humans and are kept alive to be used beasts of burden and as enforcers in the prison camp where Caesar and the rest of their troupe is held.
  • The World's End: The Collaborators (or "the shifty twins", as they're referred to outside the credits) are two of the four later three residents of Newton Haven to not have been replaced by Blanks. They're rather annoyed when The Network leaves Earth for good.

  • The Alice Network: Played straight with René Bordelon, whose restaurant caters almost entirely to Germans and who is nothing but evil and money-motivated. Eve points out, however, that:
    There are collaborators in this city one can p-pity — women who sleep with officers so they can feed their families; men who work for the Germans so they can keep their children warm. But René Bordelon is nothing but a profiteer. He’s almost as bad as the Huns.
  • In Robert Silverberg's The Alien Years, a computer geek works for invading aliens because it gets him laid.
  • The voluntary controllers in Animorphs.
  • Marena in Bambi plays with this trope, frequently expressing longing to live in harmony with humanity, though never at the expense of the other animals. Naturally, she pairs up with the no-longer-afraid-of-humans Gobo when he comes back, and is soon broken by watching his killing first-hand.
  • In Fred Saberhagen's Berserker series, being what the omnicidal machines call "goodlife" is universally treated as a capital crime. For good reason.
  • Judas in The Bible betrays Jesus to the Romans.
  • In Timothy Zahn's Blackcollar, The planetary governments of the defeated Terran Democratic Empire willingly cooperate with their alien occupants, the Ryqril. In fact, they actively celebrate the Victory Day, that is the day the TDE officially surrendered to the Ryqril. Subverted in that all government officials are conditioned to be loyal.
    • Although some, after being deconditioned, still collaborate with the status quo.
  • The King-Men in The Book of Mormon ended up staging a coup and outing the chief-judge out of the land. However, they weren't counting on the lead general coming back and forcing them to fight the Lamanites.
  • Codex Alera:
  • The Crimson Shadow: The merchants of Montfort seem to collaborate with the Avonite occupation, as does Duke Morkney, who is apparently from there too.
  • In Doom, the governments of the world surrender to the aliens and assist them with the conquest of Earth. Fly and Arlene call their commander to report in and the resistance base in Salt Lake City is attacked. They learn the hard way that the US is helping the aliens because most of the enemy forces are human.
  • Jeff VanderMeer's Finch features a rare case of a Le Collaborateur as a protagonist, working as a detective for the Graycaps that have taken over the city-state. He really hates his job, though, and tries to aid his fellow humans whenever he can with his authority.
  • Free Flight by Douglas Termen is set in an Invaded States of America, but the main antagonist is Peace Division officer McKennon, with the occupying Warsaw Pact soldiers just as Bit Characters. The protagonist is also partnered with a man who used to work for the Peace Division, now on the run himself.
  • Every day over the course of a year in Götz and Meyer, concentration camp inmates are loaded into a truck that will supposedly be taken to a better camp. A few select inmates bury the resultant corpses, and are told that for their collaboration they will really be released to a better camp. Guess how that goes.
  • Harry Potter
    • The Inquisitorial Squad that collaborates with Umbridge's authoritarian autocracy over Hogwarts in Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix.
    • There are also many examples of witches and wizards under Voldemort's ministry that supported the regime, without actually agreeing with its ideology in Deathly Hallows. Umbridge is an example, though delights in her role persecuting Muggle-borns.
  • In Ken Follett's World War II novel Jackdaws, Nazi officer Dieter Frank's French mistress Stephanie works with him to bring down a French resistance circuit, and is loyal to him since he saved her from a death camp. In the end she gets a bullet in her head from a member of the Resistance.
  • The Lord of the Rings
    • Lotho Sackville-Baggins. By the time Frodo and company leave the Shire, Lotho's been in Saruman's pocket for years, and when the wizard shows up in the Shire, Lotho jumps at the chance to become his enforcer and figurehead. However, Frodo mourns his Karmic Death and insists the other heroes do the same, since he was still a hobbit.
    • Other hobbits count as well, among them a number of shirriffs (the local "police force"). Added to this, one other nominal example is given, Ted Sandyman, the miller of Hobbiton. They seem to have been acquitted in silence after the scouring.
    • Gríma Wormtounge also collaborates with Saruman in Rohan.
  • In A Man For All Seasons, the Duke of Norfolk swears an oath affirming the Act of Succession, but openly admits that he neither knows nor cares whether anything he swore was true or not; he is merely swearing it to go along with everybody else, and avoid getting into trouble.
  • In Kurt Vonnegut's Mother Night the American protagonist is asked to become a collaborator for the Nazis by an American agent to pass information to America. The book is about what being a collaborator does to his soul (and life), even though he knows he is doing it for a good cause.
  • Citizens/Adepts Tan and Purple (among others) support the Hectare invasion in Phaze Doubt.
  • The Reynard Cycle: Mosca is a Southerner who seems to willingly be serving the Calvarian general Drauglir in The Baron of Maleperduys. He's treated fairly well by his boss, even though he still calls him a "southern dog."
    • A large number of these also turn up when Drauglir offers a hundred thousand gold coins for Reynard's head. One of them is Tybalt.
  • Teguina in Dale Brown's Sky Masters.
  • The Three-Body Problem: The Earth-Trisolaris Organization is a terrorist group that believes humanity cannot manage its own affairs and deserves to be conquered by Trisolaris. There are two major factions in the ETO: the Redemptionists, who want to set up a Vichy Earth scenario where the Trisolarans rule over a human utopia, and the Adventists, who believe that humanity is wretched beyond repair and should be exterminated.
  • The renegades in The War Against the Chtorr, cult followers that worship and help the Chtorran invaders. Their numbers increase as the infestation grows in strength — it's not known whether this is the result of an unknown form of brainwashing or simply a psychological/practical response to the overwhelming Alien Invasion.
  • In the Alternate History World War series by Harry Turtledove, the Polish Jews flip-flop between helping the Alien Invaders fight the Nazis and helping the Nazis fight the invaders. In contrast, the aliens try to coerce black American soldiers to fight for them, but most of the soldiers play double-agents.
  • In World War Z, many humans snapped from the stress of the Zombie Apocalypse and began to act like zombies. The survivors called them "Quislings" after the head of the Nazi collaborationist government of Norway. It didn't fool the real zombies, however...

    Live-Action TV 
  • On The 100 Lincoln is viewed as one of these by other Grounders, having betrayed them to help the Sky People who had invaded their territory. It takes a while to convince other Grounders that the Sky People aren't actually trying to conquer them, even if some of their actions are thoughtlessly destructive.
  • Secret Army's far more well known parody 'Allo 'Allo! featured a small Story Arc where General Von Klinkenhoffen decided to give René a "collaboration medal" after he unwittingly helped the General. People started vandalizing his cafe; his allies, La Resistance, threatened to shoot him if he accepted and of course, the Nazis threatened to do the same if he refused. Luckily for Rene, the General changed his mind about giving him the medal.
  • Alta Mar: A major part of the season 1 plot involves Carolina and Eva trying to figure out which of their family members were collaborators with the Nazis.
  • One episode of The Americans sees Phillip and Elizabeth travel to Massachusetts to track down and eliminate a Russian immigrant who aided the Nazis during World War II, but are conflicted about the assignment after learning that the woman was far from a willing participant. They carry out the hit anyway, but afterwards, Elizabeth suggests that maybe it's time for them to get out of the business.
  • Babylon 5.
    • The Nightwatch serves to inform the Clarke government about potential threats to its rule, at least some of them knowing what they were serving.
    • Also that political officer lady assigned to Captain Sheridan in one episode. She knew the Clarke administration was evil, but she still served it. She even showed just how much her skewed value system affects her judgment when she clumsily tries to seduce Sheridan ''and is honestly surprised when he's not even remotely interested in a totally naked woman offering herself completely to him.
    • A more ambiguous version is Na'Far, the new Narn ambassador under the second Centauri occupation. Their situation is desperate and the terms of their surrender are unbelievably harsh, so he may have a point about preserving as many Narn lives as possible instead of provoking their occupiers with an armed resistance, like the one G'Kar has been organising. In the end, it's still not clear if he's a genuine quisling, or if he's just as desperate as G'Kar to save their people and just happens to disagree with him about the best way to do it.
  • A major plot point was this in the third season of Battlestar Galactica (2003), where a number of humans volunteer as security officers to enforce Cylon rule over the human survivors. Gaius Baltar becomes the Cylons' Quisling, though he literally has a gun to his head.
  • In Colony, Los Angeles has been invaded and occupied by a mysterious party. Naturally, there are collaborators - some, like Proxy Alan Snyder, are sincere in their devotion to the invaders, while others, like protagonist William Bowman, are only going along with it in order to survive.
  • Doctor Who:
    • A surprisingly sympathetic portrayal is shown in "Day of the Daleks" where a future Earth has been taken over by Daleks but essentially run by collaborating humans who make things harsh and difficult to please the Daleks (and themselves) but nowhere near as dangerous as if the Daleks where running things directly.
    • In "The Invasion of Time, Gallifrey is invaded by the Vardans and the Sontarans. There's a slimy Time Lord who co-operates with both invaders and with the Doctor, who is pretending to be a collaborator himself.
    • The revived series introduced a race called the Tivolians who are so used to being conquered they've completely given up on resisting and now willingly comply with anyone who tries to invade their planet. Apparently their planetary anthem is titled "Glory To <Insert Name Here>" just to save time when someone new takes over. The Doctor has little sympathy for them because they're such Dirty Cowards who let others die to save their own hides.
  • Dominion has the Black Acolytes, the Cult that still worships Gabriel and the other angels, apparently having deluded themselves into believing that they'll be spared when the rest of humanity is wiped out.
  • A French Village: The French government officials collaborate, mostly not out of any sympathy for the Germans, but to protect their people. Businessmen like Raymond also work with the Germans, though again not from sympathy and he tries to help Jewish businessman Crémieux whose company is being seized. Others however like those from the Vichy regime are enthusiastic collaborators in many cases. Sarah though tells Daniel that honest, good people such as him who collaborate aid others who aren't, since the evil ones couldn't do it without their help. He's visibly shaken by her statement.
  • In the Law & Order episode "Night and Fog," the wife in an elderly Jewish couple apparently kills herself through overdose. Further digging on the husband reveals that he was part of the Nazis' brutal ghetto police unit back in the old country. The dishonor is great enough for him to kill to keep it hidden.
  • De Nieuwe Orde is a documentary series that has this as its main subject.
  • The Outer Limits (1995):
    • In "The Deprogrammers", Evan and Jill Cooper are horrified to discover that Professor Trent Davis and the other apparent Vindicators are in fact in the service of a Torkor named Megwan.
    • Played with in "The Camp". The prisoners believe that the overseers are humans who are collaborating with the New Masters. In fact, they are androids who have run the camp for its entire twelve generation existence. When Prisoner 98843 begins working with the Commandant, the other inmates shun her as they regard her as a collaborator. However, she proves her loyalty when she tells them of the overseers' android status and that they are severely weakened due to having gone decades without repairs. She then urges them to fight back, which leads to a successful slave revolt.
    • In "Starcrossed", Alexandra Nevsky collaborates with the Hing, assisting High Centurion Sulat Ray in his search for Cass Trenton and Winston Meyerburg, but eventually has a change of heart and decides to join the NATO resistance.
  • People of Earth has Officer Glimmer, a cop in Beacon who helps cover up the aliens' activity in exchange for cash to pay off his gambling debts.
  • In Quantico, Dayana Mampasi, a dedicated human-rights lawyer, might seem like an odd choice for a CIA recruit, until you learn that her parents were collaborators with Robert Mugabe's regime, and it's implied that she herself was trained in how to torture people.
  • Secret Army centers around a Belgian café frequented by German officers, which acts as a front for smuggling allied airmen out of the country - until it is trashed by a mob incensed at their "collaboration".
  • Sliders: In "Asylum", Margaret Thatcher collaborated with the Kromaggs when they invaded her Earth. She agreed to give them access to the oil reserves in the North Sea in exchange for leaving the United Kingdom alone. After the end of the Kromagg War, collaborators (such as Grace Venable, whose real name is Helen Donovan) came to be known as "Thatchers."
  • SS-GB: The main character, plus the rest of the Metropolitan Police Service and the British puppet government, work with the German occupiers.
  • Stargate Atlantis: The Wraith regularly wipe out inhabited worlds to feed on the humans. Nevertheless, they also have a few thousand human followers who worship them and are mostly used for infiltration purposes. They're converted by getting fed on repeatedly only to have their lives restored to them. The experience is so traumatic and addictive that they become mindlessly loyal to their Wraith masters. Every other Pegasus human understandably despises them for their treachery.
  • Many of the plots of Star Trek: Deep Space Nine deal with real or perceived collaborators with the Cardassian, and later Dominion occupation, including Kira's mother and (arguably) Odo.
    • Just don't imply that Odo was a collaborator in front of Kira. It won't go over well.
    • After the Dominion takes control of the Deep Space Nine, Kira remains on the station as the representative of Bajor. At first her intention is to maintain the neutrality of her home planet, but after a while she discovers the tragic irony of her slowly slipping into becoming herself what she always despised - a collaborator. Fortunately, as soon as Kira figures that out, she snaps back to her badass self and leads the resistance as quietly as she can to get the Dominion gone from Bajor.
    • Although, the Federation isn't occupying Bajor or in any way its enemy — it's only that loyalty to her friends and to what's right sometimes conflict with her loyalty to her people. Some of her fellow Bajorans are just a little quick on the Category Traitor trigger.
    • Once it becomes clear that the Dominion's "alliance" with Cardassia is conquest in all but name, Puppet King Damar renounces his allegiance to them and leads Cardassian patriots in open rebellion; the Dominion quickly finds replacements for Damar to command the remaining loyal Cardassian forces. However, when the entire Cardassian military turns on them, the Female Changeling has had enough and orders the extermination of every Cardassian, including the Quislings.
  • The Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "Allegiance" portrays Mizarians as a Planet of Hats, with the hat being "collaborator". Picard mentions they have a long history of being conquered because they don't resist aggressors, and it's one of the clues that helps him reason out why he, a Mizarian, and two others have been imprisoned. They're being studied because of their very different relationships to the concept of authority.
  • Terminator: The Sarah Connor Chronicles recently introduced the concept of the "Grays", humans working with Skynet deliberately. What does Skynet want with humans? To understand things like emotion...
  • V (1983):
    • Donovan's mother Eleanor is a collaborator of the foulest variety; a self serving opportunist (who intentionally resembles Nancy Reagan) who has neatly deluded herself that she won't be on the next Visitor menu the moment she exhausts her usefulness. She sells out the Visitors the instant it seems the Resistance is winning. She still wasn't willing to shoot her own son when she caught him during one of his missions, as Donovan himself pointed out ("Even you're not that cold, Mother"). She just fired in the air, and then tore her dress to make it look like she'd fended him off.
    • Daniel Bernstein, an unpopular teenager who finds power by joining the Visitor youth corps; he becomes a despicable bully, betrays members of the Resistance to the Visitors, and personally kills one of them, an old woman who used to be his neighbor. The Resistance retaliates by framing him for their abduction of a Visitor officer; he's dragged off to become food for the Visitors. Karma's a bitch.
  • Van Helsing (2016):
    • In exchange for being left alone, Micah and his followers at Eden signed a treaty with the vampire Magdalene, promising her a regular supply of blood. Unbeknownst to the others, Magdalene was Micah's wife, and he was also slipping her the occasional newborn, who she gave to Julius as a delicacy.
    • Numerous humans also serve the vampires in return for being left alive. They can generally be identified by red bands around their arms. Dr. Sholomenko is one prominent example, working with the vampires to find a way for them to procreate naturally.

    Pro Wrestling 
  • Comandante Pierroth had previous led the tecnico luchadors of CMLL against El Legión de Puerto Rico but then he suddenly disappeared from lucha libre for about a year, then returned to CMLL leading El Comando Caribeño and claiming to be Puerto Rican.
  • Black Boy in WWC changed his name to Dominican Boy and joined with La Revolución Domincana, Los Compadres and The Broncos. He did this because he hated Puerto Ricans, including himself since he was also Puerto Rican.
  • On Monday Night Raw, Rob Conway was confusingly referred to as a "French Sympathizer" when he joined La Resistance and even more confusingly, a "Quebec Sympathizer" when La Resistance suddenly became French Canadian.
  • Candice LeRae is Canadian but joined Christina Von Eerie's "Team USA" in Smash against LuFisto's Team Canada because Courtney Rush was in the latter group. However, when Rush did not show up, LeRae wanted out but was not allowed. At the 2014 event, Cherry Bomb joined USA against Courtney Rush.

  • Journey into Space:
    • In The Red Planet, the flying doctor is one of the few humans on Mars who does not believe that he is still living a perfectly normal life on Earth. He willingly participates in the Martian plan to invade Earth in 1986.
    • In The World in Peril, the Lunar Controller has been collaborating with the Martians since his abduction several years earlier.


    Tabletop Games 
  • BattleTech's Clan society classically works like this. If you're Clan and get conquered or claimed as spoils of war, it's considered the honorable thing to do to transfer your loyalty to your new Clan now. This is one of the things that gave the Clans some trouble during their invasion of the Inner Sphere, whose inhabitants felt rather different about the issue at times and might end up "disgracing" themselves by staging uprisings after their conquerors had declared their worlds pacified and moved on to their next targets leaving only a garrison force behind.
  • Changeling: The Lost features both Loyalists and Privateers. Loyalists are changeling who are still in service to the Gentry, either because they were released from Arcadia with conditions or because they're so bent that they see nothing wrong with working with primordial eldritch entities. The Privateers try to abduct mortals or escaped changelings and sell them to the Gentry for fun and profit.
  • Mage: The Awakening has the Seers of the Throne, the Ancient Conspiracy that follows the Exarchs, the ascended mages who broke reality in the first place and want to break it more so that magic will be their domain and theirs alone. Some of the Seers view the denial of Supernal magic as a righteous thing, akin to keeping a toddler from playing with C4... but many of them admit they're in it for the benefits that come with being part of an overreaching mystical conspiracy.
  • Siren: The Drowning: has the Current of Lethe, those Sirens who ally themselves with humanity. They see their less philanthropic kin as little more than animals, to the point of being willing to eat them for the life-extending properties of their flesh.
  • Warhammer 40,000: The Tau are pretty much the only faction who'll give the others a chance to work with them under their "Greater Good" policy, which clashes with the Imperium's "The galaxy must be ruled by Mankind" policy. However, there are a few who do join, known as gue'vasa, and are equipped with Tau equipment, and as a result every loyalist human army gets bonuses when fighting them.

    Video Games 
  • Brigid Tenenbaum of BioShock got her start in science from the Nazi camps that she was a prisoner of.
  • In the Nod campaign of Command & Conquer: Tiberian Sun, GDI soldier Jake McNeil (brother of commander Michael McNeil, the GDI player character) doesn't need much prompting to defect to Nod after his capture; all they had to do was parade a pretty woman in front of him, make a baseless claim that the Brotherhood is only interested in peace, and point out that his older brother has a higher position in the military than him.
  • In The Elder Scrolls V: Skyrim, the dragons ruled the world thousands of years ago. Some humans resisted and fought the dragons, while others served the dragons. Some even worshipped the dragons, hence the Dragon Priests.
    • The Cyrodillic Imperial authorities are considered collaborators with the Aldmeri Dominion that had invaded Cyrodil prior to the events of Skyrim by the Stormcloak Rebels, having signed a harsh treaty after barely averting total defeat in a catastrophic war with the Aldmeri Dominion. Many Imperials view the treaty as a pragmatic if unpleasant alternative to a continued war that the Empire had no hope of winning, while many in Skyrim whose deeply-established worship of Talos was banned by the treaty, as well as having a long history of mutual hate between Nords and Elves, viewed it as a cowardly sign of submission and collaboration towards the elven invaders.
  • In Final Fantasy XII Vossler subverts this. He seems to be on the party's side before helping Ghis capture them. It's revealed he is still loyal to Ashe, but believes that the only way to protect Dalmasca is to surrender to Archades.
  • Dr. Breen from Half-Life 2 was the first human to attempt to negotiate for peace during the Combine invasion of Earth, also known as The Seven Hour War, and was awarded the title of grand overseer of Earth on behalf of the Combine for his efforts.
    • The Civil Protection Officers from the same game are humans that have decided to become the Combine's occupational/peace-keeping force in return for more rations and better treatment. The Overwatch and other Combine soldiers are similar; although it's implied that they are given their 'augmentations' unwillingly, and forced/reeducated to fight the Resistance, they are promised sexual simulations in return for success in these endeavours.
    • Judith Mossman is either a redeemed Collaborateur or a double-agent of La Resistance.
  • Mass Effect has the rogue Spectre, Saren, who willingly chose to ally himself with, The Reapers, a race of ancient machines who aim to kill all advanced life in the galaxy, as he believed that those who served them would be spared. It's confirmed later in the game that Saren had been Brainwashed by the Reapers, and was even forcibly turned into a Cyborg to quash any rebellious thoughts. If you have enough persuasion points as either Paragon or Renegade, you can convince him to redeem himself by committing suicide before the Reapers can use him to bring about the apocalypse. Although his body still ends up being possessed by them to act as a Final Boss.
  • Mass Effect: Andromeda
    • A portion of the salarian Ark's leadership sells their ship and crew out to the kett, figuring that it was better to give up and study the kett methodology from the inside rather than try and fight them. Problem is, doing so would've left them in no fit state to actually pass on that information.
    • Ryder encounters one angara who sells out his species' most beloved figure to the kett. A later off-hand comment by angaran teammate Jaal suggests collaborators are not unheard of, but don't last long if found out by the angaran resistance.
  • My Child Lebensborn addresses this trope when in comes to local women who were in relationships with soldiers from Nazi Germany when they were occupying Norway. One of the journal entries says that some of the women probably actually were acting as spies and/or in the relationship for material gain, but that many of the relationships were simply Love Across Battlelines.
  • Despot and the other "Planet" Admins collaborated with GameSpy in The Nameless Mod.
  • Subverted by Sylvia Christel in No More Heroes III. At first, it looks like she's been assisting Damon Riccitello and FU when the latter's army starts to subjugate the Earth with relative ease, but she deliberately had the UAA organize the Galactic Superhero Rankings because she knows that Travis Touchdown is experienced with killing assassins and therefore would be the Earth's last hope by participating in them.
  • Shin Megami Tensei: YHVH transformed all of The Old Gods into demons (complete with retroactive smear campaign), demanding that humans worship only him. Some were spared this and - funny thing! - these tend to play for the Law side.
  • Star Wars: The Old Republic has the Corellian Government, whose members decided to willingly hand over their entire planet to the Sith Empire.
  • The Goombas in Super Mario Bros. are former citizens of the Mushroom Kingdom who chose to side with Bowser when he first invaded. There are still good Goombas living in the Mushroom Kingdom, though.
  • Izebel in Tears to Tiara 2 is an interesting sympathetic case. She was ordered to become one by her ruler, the man she loves just before he kills himself, in order to shield the realm from the worst excesses of The Empire.
  • Wolfenstein II: The New Colossus makes it quite clear how some Americans will shamelessly cosy up to the Nazi occupiers if they can see something in it for themselves. In Roswell, you have a memorable scene where a woman flirts with a Nazi officer who praises her zeal until she makes a misguided comment about the "impure Austrians" at which point the officer points out how both Adolf Hitler and the officer's own grandmother are Austrians and informs her that she'll be reported to his superiors and will be punished if she steps out of line again. Later on, you find out how B.J's father Rip Blazkowicz sold out his business associates and his own wife to the "new government" because they offered him new farmland. Like the Roswell woman, he gets his just desserts.
  • In XCOM 2, ADVENT Troopers are enemy Mooks, humans who volunteered to fight for the alien regime and offered some rather extreme genetic modifications. A prequel novel has a resistance fighter point out that he never once met someone who actually knew a collaborator. Then it turns out there never were any volunteers; ADVENT Troopers are grown.

  • The Andromedan baryonic allies of the Pa'anuri in Schlock Mercenary, who aid the latter in their attempt to eradicate all life from the known universe despite presumably being on their shortlist eventually. Lacking a species name, they get dubbed 'quislings' by the protagonists.

    Western Animation 

    Real Life 
  • Numerous examples of varying degrees during World War II, many of which have since become synonymous with selling out one's country to foreign invaders:
    • The Wang Jingwei government of 1940-1944 in Nationalist China throughout the Second Sino-Japanese War. Once, he had been the peoples' favoured candidate to take over as head of the Nationalist Party and take the Presidency. He brought a lot of his popular support with him when he joined the Japanese out of the belief that the Nationalist Party forces would soon be defeated and that his defection could make the transition easier and less bloody. The Nationalists fought on and his defection made the situation worse by its effect on morale and the negative associations with the Nationalists. He ended up presiding over an increasingly powerless and unpopular regime until his death of natural causes in 1944. Though he had good intentions for the most part, for decades all people of Chinese culture knew his name as a by-word for treachery. In recent years, this has changed with Chinese and Western historians pointing out his important contributions in the Xinhai Revolution. Nowadays, Wang is seen in Chinese culture as a naive fool rather than a treacherous snake.
    • While Korea didn't have a puppet leader in their own country during the 1910-1945 Japanese occupation (as well as the 1905-1910 protectorate period), with Japan opting instead to simply use an ethnically Japanese governing body who reported to the Japanese Emperor, they did have a great deal of ethnically Korean families and businesses actively collaborating with the Japanese for their own benefit, both before and during World War II. Once the occupation ended with Japan's defeat, these collaborators became shunned by Korean society, with the term "chinilpla" emerging as a pejorative for them. Descendants of chinilpa have spent a great deal of their lives trying to disassociate themselves from their family histories, and surviving chinilpa were subject to legal prosecution as a result of their actions during the occupation (the term has since evolved to become a Korean-language equivalent of "weeaboo," and is generally considered just as derogatory in this new context). A similar situation occurred in China during their own occupation by Japan, with "hanjian" emerging as the Mandarin equivalent of "chinilpa". Surpsingly, many of these collaborators actually remained in power in South Korea for years after the war, when they were propped up by the United States in order to counter those Dirty Communists in the north.
    • The most well-known western counterpart to the Wang Jingwei were the Vichy regime in France, who were led by genuine French fascists (and some former communists and socialists) but mostly consisted of ordinary folks. Philippe Pétain's name is used as a swear word by some French to this daynote , and the word "Vichy" likewise represents collaboration throughout the Western world — even on this very wiki. Nevertheless, there's some debate about whether Pétain was a true collaborator; his bargaining position with the occupation troops was after all extremely poor. There is no such ambiguity for his second-in-command Pierre Laval, who quickly became a true fascist at heart, disregarding his former friends in the Socialist Party. Ironically, Pétain was previously the mentor to Charles de Gaulle, the leader of the Free French forces. Moreover, the latter commuted the former's sentence from death to life imprisonment for his pre-World War II efforts while Laval is immediately sentenced to death by firing squad.
    • Norway's Vidkun Quisling and his party Nasjonal Samling ("National Gathering/Unification") created a collaborator government after Norway was invaded by Nazi Germany. The first Quisling government was, however, dismissed by Reichskommisar Josef Terboven, who felt it would only increase resentment against the occupation (he also thought Quisling was a feckless moron), although Quisling remained as head of the "Kommissarische Staatsräte". Quisling was again allowed to set up his "own" government in 1942, in large part because Hitler (never a great judge of character) believed in him. On that note, the local Germans in charge complied, but saw to it that the puppet government adhered to their wishes, or else (one of the ministers was allegedly offed in a discreet way when the German commando found him "bothersome"). Quisling himself became so hated that the staunchly anti-death-penalty country made a special exception just for him. His title, "Minister President" was quickly subverted in Norwegian to something like "Minister Pissatrengt", which translates roughly as "Minister Full of Piss"... His name has become a synonym for collaborationists and traitors.
    • Even the utterly brutal Reichskommisariat governments on the eastern front had collaborators, many of whom came from nations like Estonia who had been recently conquered by Stalin, or from the persecuted Cossacks, and thought they were fighting for their freedom. As can be seen, in real life, this trope is much less black and white.
    • A complex example are those local militias who initially support the Germans as liberators from brutal Stalinist oppression, who would arguably be Les Collaborateurs to both sides - to the Soviets for siding with the Germans, and to the Germans for their eventual betrayals after the Germans proved even worse. A good example are the Ukrainian nationalists and the Lithuanian Forest Brothers, who carried on guerilla campaigns against the Soviets, then the Nazis, then both Nazis and Soviets, and then the Soviets again. Until The '60s. Some of their members also took part in Holocaust, and Ukrainian nationalists committed an ethnic cleansing against the Poles.
    • Perhaps the most visible example of this are the non-German Waffen SS divisions, who actually comprised about 50% of total SS troops in the last years of the war, and originated from a veritable smorgasbord of countries. It is notable that French Waffen SS troops were some of the last Axis soldiers fighting in Berlin.
    • There were several instances of militias in former Soviet territories (Ukraine and the Baltics, for example) who rather enthusiastically began slaughtering Communists and Jews, sometimes even before they had been officially conquered by the Nazis.
    • Soviet General Vlasov, after being captured by Germans, performed a Face–Heel Turn and was eventually given a small army to command. He and a dozen of officers under his command were captured by the Red Army and detained at the Lubyanka KGB building and hanged in 1946.
    • The Netherlands had the highest rate of citizens turning in their Jewish neighbors of any of the countries conquered by the Nazis (as the story of Anne Frank can testify).
    • Belgium proved unfortunately fertile ground for collaboration; the Nazis exploited the country's numerous ethnic-linguistic groups (especially the French-speaking Walloons and Dutch-speaking Flemish) for their own ends. For the Walloons, the Rexist Party led by Léon Degrelle organized collaborationist militias for suppression of anti-German elements. The Flemish National Union, a pan-nationalist Dutch movement that advocated merging Flanders with the Netherlands, also sided with the Nazis. The Nazis appointed leaders of these groups to prominent political positions, where they assisted in rounding up Jews and Resistance fighters. The SS also recruited up to 40,000 men Belgians in two divisions, the Legion Wallonie and Legion Flandern, which both saw heavy action on the Eastern Front.
    • Goebbels predicted that American Indians wouldn't be loyal to America. This started with the assimilationist American Indian Federation and its association with the German-American Bund and Silver Shirts. That the swastika is associated with Shock and Awe in Indian cultures was another reason Goebbels thought Indians would support him. As one final push, Germany declared the Sioux to be Aryan. Ultimately, however, it was Defied by the Indians, most of whom were 100% loyal to the United States — the Sioux Nation declared war on Germany even before the US did.
    • On the other side of the war, we have Thailand, which sided with Imperial Japan. note  Understandably, relations between Thailand and China and both Koreas are strained to this day. The same goes for Iraq.
    • Speaking of Iraq, a lesser known campaign in the war occurred when the pro-Allied government in Iraq was overthrown by a pro-Axis faction in a coup. The Nazis wanted a friendly Iraqi government to combine with the already pro-Axis government in Iran so that they could launch a joint attack on British India with the Japanese called "Operation Orient". Luckily, the British made short work of the rebel Iraqi forces (who were about as competent as Saddam's army in later years) and the Allied-friendly monarchy was restored, Denying Germany a pathway to Asia.
    • The Indian National Army was the brainchild of Bengal socialist Subhas Chandra Bose), who'd witnessed British leadership ravage Bengal with some of the worst famines in human history. After failing to secure aid from the Soviet Union (soon to be a British ally), he created his independence-minded army with help of Japan, staffed by Indian POWs taken by the Imperial Japanese Army. After the war, and Bose's death, the British government of India made a point to Un-person the campaign out of fear of further rebellions and put officers on trial for treason—the last thing India and Pakistan ever agreed upon was defending the accused.
      • Zigzagged in India itself. Bose and INA are considered heroes of India's fight for independence against The Empire, the British Empire. The international airport of Kolkata is named after Bose. He and fighters of INA have been honored in numerous commemorative stamps. British attempt to put on a show trial to condemn the officers of INA backfired spectacularly as it prompted mass protests throughout India that made the country ungovernable and was a key contributing factor to the precipitous collapse of the British rule in India.
      • In a truly bizarre example, the Nazis formed a small regiment of the SS called the Tiger Legion consisting of Indian members. Yes, folks you read that right...Asian Nazis! Hitler claimed the Indians were somehow Aryan to explain it, but still.
      • Why, Nazi racial theories notwithstanding, lots of Indians are Aryans. They call it Indo-Aryan peoples for a reason. And Hitler even proclaimed the Japanese "Honorary Aryans" because they were a major ally.
    • The Philippines had the "Makapili", who collaborated with the Japanese during the occupation of the islands. Notable collaborators included former Philippine president Emilio Aguinaldo and lawyer and judge Jose Laurel, whom the Japanese installed as president of their puppet regime for the islands. Most Makapili were wealthy landowners who feared a working class uprising, and turned to Japanese fascism due to its opposition to communism. The uprising that the landowners feared did occur during the war, in the form of Filipino guerilla resistance against Japan. Much like in the case of Korea, many Makapili were granted broad amnesty by the Americans after the war, and were put in charge of the newly independent Philippines in order to suppress the guerilla uprisings that had broken out during the Japanese occupation, as many Filipino guerillas were in fact communists.
      • Actually, Emilio Aguinaldo may be considered a Ur-Example to the Makapili. During his uprising against the United States in 1899, Aguinaldo attempted to forge an alliance with the rising power of Japan to fight the Americans. Though the Japanese did not fully commit, they did send a garrison of troops to Manila in support of Aguinaldo's insurrection, engaging in combat against the American forces.
    • The Ustaše or Ustasha regime in Croatia were probably the most hardline among all the Nazi collaborators. The structure of their organization closely mirrored that of the Nazi party, they sent a substantial number of troops to the Eastern Front, and were the only non-Germans to run an extermination camp. Despite initially having substantial support, their brutal campaigns of genocide against Serbs, Jews and Roma soon alienated most of the population, who ended up joining the Yugoslav partisans under Joseph Tito (if nothing less because they saw him as the lesser evil). The atrocities carried out by the Ustaše were so sadistic that the Nazis were shocked at reports from Croatia. Today, the term "ustaše" is either used as a derogatory term for Croatian ultranationalism, or as a mocking term against political opponents in Serbia. (i.e., Slobodan Milosevic was referred to as "ustaše" by his opposers towards the end of his rule.)
    • Zigzagged with various Southeast Asian pro-independence leaders who collaborated with the Japanese (at least initially) against their imperial overlords—Aung San and Ba Maw in Burma/Myanmar, Sukarno in Indonesia, and Subhas Chandra Bose in India. All these leaders are at least highly regarded (and in some cases deeply revered) by many in their home countries today because they are seen as La Resistance against The Empire rather than Les Collaborateurs.
    • Within the system of concentration camps, a number of inmates, many of them Jews, were recruited as Kapos, whose role was to maintain order in the camps. To do so, the Waffen SS issued them batons, and were often feared as much, if not more, than the SS guards because they would rat out their fellow prisoners, or beat the other inmates senseless, if it meant that they (the Kapos) could live another day while everyone else around them was herded into a gas chamber. The Kapos were selected by the SS from all the incoming groups of "undesirables" with favoritism toward criminals who would already be familiar with the rules of intimidation and bribery used to run the camps. The purpose was to minimize the number of SS troops required to keep the camps running, and Kapos could expect relatively cushy treatment. Once the Allies liberated the camps, and realized what their purpose was, the Kapos often met the same fate as their Waffen S.S. overseers.
    • Death camps also had collaborators in the form of Sonderkommandos, workers isolated to handle the monumental and gruesome job of corpse disposal. While Sonderkommandos earned slightly better living conditions, their first-hand knowledge of the camps' ultimate purpose also marked them for death. At long-running camps like Auschwitz, the SS went through as many as 14 "generations" of Sonderkommandos.
  • From The American Revolution:
    • The name of Benedict Arnold is synonymous with treachery in the United States; were it not for his attempt to secretly hand over West Point to British forces, he may well have been considered a war hero for being one of the most competent generals in the Continental Army, earning distinction in the major victory of the Battle of Saratoga. Lack of appreciation was his primary motivation for defecting, though this was arguably self-inflicted: by all accounts, he was generally obnoxious and pretty hard to get along with.
    • Loyalists, i.e. American colonials who supported the English and opposed the Revolution were treated as this after the Americans won, many of them had their properties seized, and chased out of house and home to Canada, with their land grabbed by prominent Revolutionary aristocrats. This was especially common in the Southern theaters. Of course much of this was not in any way condoned by the leadership; George Washington, after the war, paid very public visits to several notorious Loyalists to demonstrate that they'd been working for him during the occupation. He also issued a note of protection to the family of John Honeyman, another collaborator/spy, and basically tried to dial down the partisanship.
    • Benjamin Franklin's own son was a loyalist. His father never forgave him, and in his final years, he publicly wrote his son a letter calling him a traitor who won't get a cent of his estate, noting fully well that were the Americans to lose, his son wouldn't lift a finger to help his father and the rest of his family and siblings, and generally insisting, in so many words, that he's dead to him.
  • In Iraq, rebelling factions often execute Iraqis working with the US-backed government, accusing them of collaboration.
  • The Taliban have executed their own people on accusations of spying, including a a seven-year old boy and a 70-year old woman.
  • During American slavery there would be black slaves, or even free blacks (some of whom were even preachers) who would rat out other slaves attempting to escape.
  • The Indian wars often had this. The Pawnee aligned with the United States, but over time, people like Red Cloud and Spotted Tail also fell under United States influence.
  • French couturier Coco Chanel was accused of this when she had an affair with a Nazi spy. But then the British and the Americans acquitted her because of her wide influence.
    • The other less fortunate Frenchwomen having affairs, sexual or no, with the Nazis had their heads shaved in shame and are forced to walk in the streets in front of sneering crowds.
    • Actually, Coco Chanel was (willingly) part of a German operation to try and open secret negotiations with Churchill and attempt to get the British to sign a separate peace agreement. She also used the occupation to her advantage while trying to get full control of Parfums Chanel (which makes Chanel No.5 perfume), using the Nazi seizure of Jewish property and businesses, since the owners were Jewish. Turns out the owners (the Wertheimers) had seen the Nazi policies coming, and had turned over control to a Christian businessman, who handed it back after the war, before fleeing to New York. Part of why the Wertheimers didn't make this more public during their post-war legal struggles was that, while telling everyone that she was involved with the Nazis would help them win the case, it would also make it a bit hard to sell anything with her name on it.
  • In the context of European colonialism, the concept of "collaborator" is a very contentious phrase with a lot of anger and nationalistic emotions attached to it even decades after independence. A representative, and widely documented example, is the case of The Raj and The British Empire, and the circumstances leading to the partition and independence of India and Pakistan:
    • To begin with for the first hundred years of the Company Raj (1757-1857), the East India Company's army consisted largely of Sepoys, mercenaries recruited from India's warrior caste, including both Hindus and Muslims. They used this army to subjugate and take over many of the kingdoms, sultans, rajas, who opposed them, annexing their territory, and during the conquest, the Sepoys committed many war crimes (Rape, Pillage, and Burn during the Conquest of Sindh being especially noted), and also aided the Raj during their failed invasion of Afghanistan burning down Kabul, and reducing it to rubble. Then the 1857 Mutiny broke out, and the same Sepoys became the leaders of the largest colonial revolt in the 19th Century (not only in the British Raj but the world) and they courted as allies, the same princes, rajas and queens, they had fought against, which some did accept, but others refused. The Sikhs and Afghans refused to give aid, and despite their dislike for the English, they fought and aided them in suppressing the Mutiny. This is one reason why many refuse to consider 1857 the "First war of Independence" in India, since people on both sides have good cause to see themselves as resistance and their opponents as collaborator.
    • Many of the Mutineers, also targeted and killed en masse, Indian Christian converts, many of them being of lower-caste, seeing them as Sell-Out and traitors, forgetting who it was that made the Raj so strong for nearly a century, or that lower-caste Hindus might actually find something positive and worthwhile in the Christian faith (which while true was often coerced by British Missionaries, still found support by actual willing converts). And even decades after Independence, Christian minorities in India face low-level to high-level discrimination for not being truly Indian on account of their faith.
    • After 1857, the Raj actually invested heavily in promoting Indian education and investment and even encouraged the forming of Indian political parties, such as the Indian National Congress, and the Muslim League, so as to better build consensus and control the opposition as it were. During this time, they also more or less invented the Indian middle class, and virtually India's entire political class and intelligentsia (even Mahatma Gandhi) became Majored in Western Hypocrisy, and yet eventually they formed a prominent core of the Indian Independence movement, and on coming to power in The '40s, they opposed the "princely states" led by native rulers (with titles like nawab, nizam, sultan, raja, maharaja, etc.) who became voluntary vassals of The British Empire in exchange for official protection and cementation of their local authority, a system formed to keep them in line after 1857.
    • The Indian Army, aka Kipling's Finest was a highly segregated unit tasked with helping the English govern the country, and suppress local rebellions (it's often forgotten in India, that the regiment that carried out the famous Amritsar Massacre at Jallianwalla Bagh, comprised mostly Indians, albeit the officers were English). During World War II they fought against Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan. Meanwhile, the Indian National Army, formed by "Freedom Fighter" Subhash Chandra Bose fought with Imperial Japan against the same. From the perspective of Indian nationalism, at the time, and in post-independence events, Bose is a hero and the Indian National Army became the model for the post-independence military even if it was military negligible in Japan's war effort, but as George Macdonald Fraser noted, many of the Indian soldiers in the British colonial army at the time, saw them as traitors and collaborators who fought one Empire while serving another.
    • During World War II, the Indian National Congress refused to publicly endorse and support the British war effort, and many of them were imprisoned for their riots and protests at what they saw as British hypocrisy of opposing Nazi imperialism while being imperialistic in India. In the same time, the Muslim League, the party that founded Pakistan supported the English war effort. Many in the Congress saw the Muslim League as Sell-Out for making the rational point that as bad as the British were, the Nazis were worse. This made the Muslim League such a prominent party that elections held in 1945, made the cause for the partition and establishment of Pakistan a popular idea when before it was a fringe one. And much of this anger and grudges led to the violence of Partition.
  • The city of Babylon became so infamous for being this trope that in Revelation it is described as a "whore". Of course, there's a reason why Babylon existed for 6,000 years. They realized a simple truth early on: it doesn't actually matter who the king is if you're the one holding the purse strings. Although to be fair, this is also the reason that the Arab jihad leveled the city (rather than occupying it, like they did with most of the great ancient cities they conquered).
  • The Macedonians, Thebans, and the Branchidae priesthood during the Persian Wars in the 4th Century BCE. The Macedonians got used as cannon fodder at Thermopylae, and swore revenge on the Persians as a result: leading to Alexander's conquest a century later. Ironically, it then fell to Alexander as the representative of the Hellenic League to exact revenge on the Branchidae (who had been hiding out with the Persians). Alexander also wiped out Thebes for unrelated reasons (mainly for general douchebaggery and specifically for revolting against his government).
  • Caria, a state which was Greek in cultural heritage but quite loyal to the Persian Empire: loyal enough to fight Alexander when he arrived, the only one of the culturally Greek city-states to do so. The stereotypes listed on this page, were often slapped onto Caria by the Romans (of all people). Of course, almost none of that was actually true. We know this because of Herodotus being from Halicarnassus, Caria's capital and largest city.
  • In Vietnam, the Republic of Vietnam (better known as South Vietnam), which existed during The Vietnam War and ceased to exist in 1975, is viewed as this.

Alternative Title(s): The Collaborators, The Collaborator


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