Closely Watched Trains (in Czech Ostře sledované vlaky), is a 1966 Czech film by Jiří Menzel, based on a short novel of the same name by famous Czech writer Bohumil Hrabal. It has won several international awards, including an Oscar for Best Foreign Film in 1967. It merges a typical Coming of Age Story with large amounts of humor and a somewhat uncommon war story.
The setting is the latter stages of World War II, as the Allies are closing in on Germany from the west and the Soviets from the east, but Czechoslovakia remains under Nazi occupation. Milo Hrma is a young Czech with one big ambition in life: To become a train dispatcher so that he can lead a leisurely lifestyle with little work. So he starts working at the local train station, where he meets train dispatcher Hubička, who divides his time between lazing around and hitting on the telegraphist, and the station master, who seems more interested in his geese and in condemning Hubička's exploits than the train service. Meanwhile, Milo' girlfriend Máa wishes to take their relationship further. Finally, the occupation forces pressure the people at the station to keep a close eye on all passing trains to prevent partisans taking out supply trains.
Sadly for Milo and Máa, they seem to be unable to consumate their relationship at first, and when they actually get the chance to spend a night together, Milo fires off prematurely. Depressed, he considers himself not to be a real man and tries to commit suicide, but is brought to hospital before he bleeds to death. There, a certain Dr. Brabec explains to him that his "performance problems" are fairly common at his age, giving him some hints on avoiding this and proposing he seek the aid of a mature woman to overcome his anxiety.
Meanwhile, as all of that silliness is going on, it turns out that Hubička the cheerful dispatcher is working with La Résistance.
Closely Watched Tropes:
- Bath Suicide: Attempted by poor Milo, but he is interrupted before he bleeds out.
- Benevolent Boss: The station master, even with his Grumpy Old Man antics.
- Bittersweet Ending: The train is destroyed, but Milo is killed in the process, leaving Máa to sadly pick up his cap.
- The Casanova: Hubička is remarkably successful with women. This draws the ire of his boss.
- Les Collaborateurs: Councilor Zedníček, the administrator in charge of the railway, is a Nazi collaborator. The workers at the train station are not impressed when he lamely explains away the constant German retreats on both fronts as tactical maneuvers.
- Coming of Age Story: For Milo. Implies Character Development. Towards the end he says that he's cut the cord with his past.
- Creator Cameo: Jiří Menzel plays the doctor who tells Milo to Think Unsexy Thoughts to combat his premature ejaculation problem.
- The Film of the Book: Fared very well, due to the fact that the author of the original novel cooperated on the screenplay, to point that original short novel is virtually unknown outside its country of origin. The only major change was cutting part of the ending, which in the novel was more violent.
- Gratuitous Latin: Milo keeps referring to his problem as Ejaculatio praecox.
- Hospital Hottie: A train carrying nurses is stranded in the station when no engine is available. The nurses draw everyone's attention. At one point poor Milo enters the train to find a full-scale orgy underway.
- Hypocritical Humour: Every so often. The station master flirting with the telegraphist when he called Hubička amoral for doing so is an example. Also, the stories one of the trains drivers and the station master tell each other.
- Interrupted Suicide: Milo attempts suicide after the embarrassing night with Máa. A worker discovers him by accident, and he is taken to hospital.
- Irony: A rare example of Socratic irony when Councilor Zedníček, the Nazi collaborator, comes to the train station. He gives them a lot of lame excuses about how the unending retreats of the Germans are tactical withdrawals to set up counterattacks, and how the workers at the station have to closely watch the trains, but the workers just ask "why?" a lot until an irritated Zedníček says it's what the Fuhrer wants.
- Jizzed in My Pants: This ruins Milo's night with Máa.
- Kavorka Man: Hubička is middle-aged, balding, and bespectacled, and has amazing success with women.
- Lost in Translation: The station master's laments and swear words are mostly untranslatable, making him seem less ridiculous character.
- Married to the Job: Milo, even if it's downplayed.
- Meaningful Name: Hubička means a little kiss in Czech.
- Mood Whiplash: Sometimes it's a naughty sex comedy, sometimes it's a tense thriller (notably the ending with the bombing of the train).
- Mrs. Robinson: Played with. Milo is looking for one, but is unsuccessful until Viktoria turns up.
- Naïve Newcomer: The film starts with Milo getting ready for his first day at the station.
- Official Couple: Milo and Máa.
- Pre-Climax Climax: Milo and Viktoria's night together, the night before the planned sabotage of the ammunition train.
- La Résistance: The partisans, although we don't see much of them. Hubička works with them, and would have dropped the bomb on the train, if the railway bureaucrats had not arrived at precisely the wrong moment to conduct a hearing about his sex with the telegraphist.
- Running Gag: Damage done to the couch in the station office by railroad workers having sex on it.
- Sex as Rite-of-Passage: It's certainly important for Milo.
- Sexy Secretary: The telegraphist. Her tryst with Hubička involves a lingering shot of her naked bottom.
- Think Unsexy Thoughts: What Dr. Brabec proposes Milo to deal with his premature ejaculation problems.
- Those Wacky Nazis: It plays in occupied Czechoslovakia, so this is a given. They are mostly unseen, except for SS men on a couple of trains that pass through the station.
- Train-Station Goodbye: Milo and Máa—an unusual example in that she's actually a worker on the railway, and she's definitely coming back.
- Who's Watching the Store?: Addressed. Milo takes Hubička's place while he indulges in his affair with the telegrapher.