A character whose personality isn't marked by any set mood, but by their tendency to swing between moods drastically. Sometimes (if the characters around them are lucky) there's some sort of warning of an impending mood swing or at least a recognizable cause but there may just as easily be no warning whatsoever.
Frequently this is combined with emotional lability, so they skip any emotion that isn't extreme. They're never just happy, they're the cheeriest Genki Girl in the world. They're never just sad; they're on the verge of suicide. They're never just angry; they're filled with Unstoppable Rage. And they can flip between any of them at a moment's notice. May very well be a one-person Four-Temperament Ensemble or simultaneous red and blue oni.
Though they may be referred to as "bipolar", their mood swings are generally much more abrupt and frequent than the periods of mania or depression associated with real-life bipolar disorder. This is also a very common aspect of borderline personality disorder, and it is also a common feature of traumatic brain injuries. We have our own Useful Notes on Bipolar Disorder as well.
This is a stereotypical trait of women who are currently menstruating or suffering from PMS. This is Truth in Television for many women, though it is neither as universal nor as extreme as lots of fiction portrays it. A common manifestation of monthly emotional instability, both in fiction and in Real Life, is for the affected woman to flip-flop between being Prone to Tears and having a Hair-Trigger Temper. Pregnant women are also known for being Mood Swingers.
For even more extreme cases, see Hair-Trigger Temper, Split Personality, Jekyll & Hyde, The Sociopath, Tsundere or Yandere. Not to be confused with Mood Whiplash, which is a trait of the storytelling, not an individual character. They may also end up singing a Song of Many Emotions.
- Alois Trancy of Black Butler. Throughout the series, he switches from a cute and innocent kid to a very promiscuous child with Troubling Unchildlike Behavior with a tendency to hit on anything within a five-mile radius, to emotionally vulnerable and sporting Broken Tears, and to Laughing Mad and Ax-Crazy so many times it could make someone dizzy.
- A rather dark example, since Alois's mood swings tend to be severe Mood Whiplash as well - going from cute and entertaining to Troubling Unchildlike Behavior with ridiculous speed, and then back again. Not to mention that his extremes can create gems like the time he stopped innocently eating breakfast to gouge his fingers through a maid's eye and then wiped his hand and went back to his eggs.
- Revy of Black Lagoon normally displays a wide range of emotions, all the way from affection to psychotic rage to calm boredom.
- In Demon Slayer: Kimetsu no Yaiba, it is used for comedy effects whenever a scene calls for getting Zenitsu out of his comfort zone, that is getting him to go through a demon slaying mission despite his cowardly tantrums, Zenitsu will go from a seemly well behaved person to an incredibly nervous train wreck, yelling at the top of his lungs about how he is going to die at any second; another is getting him to train under a deadly regime, Zenitsu will immediately lose his mind and curse whoever thought of planning that training session, and when Tanjiro is there to make a counterpoint about how a deadly regime can get them better results at getting stronger, Zenitsu will unleash his fury at someone he once said was his great friend, only to pull a complete 180 degree turn on Tanjiro once he praises Zenitsu for being an important reference to others training as well, making Zenitsu then think his presence at the program really is necessary and that training isnt so bad after all.
- Kagura from Fruits Basket. She seems cute at first, but whenever Kyo's around she becomes a combination of a Yandere and a Tsundere.
- At the beginning at least, Kyo came across as this since he had No Social Skills and had a tendency to snap at people he wasn't mad at. So he'd yell at someone, apologize, then yell at them for not understanding him. Then apologize...
- Haruhi Suzumiya comes close. Now she's a cheerful Genki Girl, the next scene she's abrasive, confrontational, dominant, and almost narcissistic, after that she may become extremely melancholic. There are reasons for her mood-changes, but sometimes it just appears randomly.
- Misao Mikogami from Kami Kaze can be a fairly cheerful and fun-loving teenage girl, nice to anyone who needs a hand, and will stand up for someone when they need it. Say the wrong thing around her and her mood will change so fast that you won't even have the time to mouth the words Oh, Crap! before you're standing under an ocean of water with your current surroundings gone so far beyond the Godzilla Threshold that you'll be glad you're not around to see the aftermath. And that's not counting the times you've pissed her off enough that she decides to play around with you for a little while. She's the nicest deity in this series.note
- Ayukawa Madoka from Kimagure Orange Road is a notable example, but her swings are more day to day than moment to moment. The matter is obviously her frustration because of Kyōsuke's indecisiveness and incapacity to reveal his true feelings. Of course, she's the Tsundere leg of the Love Triangle.
- Yuno of Future Diary often can go from a sweet, lovable and huggable darling to a murderous and terrifying psychopath on a whim,note and usually in the span of a single episode. Most of the time, all it takes is either threatening or flirting with Yukiteru.
- Karin has a fluctuating personality, at times appearing stern and tough and Tsundere and other times appearing carefree and highly flirtatious, but only around Sasuke. She even uses it as a way to escape some guards in Konoha.
- Jugo has it even worse from a Gentle Giant to Ax-Crazy. He even been named Jugo "of The Scales".
- King Hamdo from Now and Then, Here and There takes this trope to terrifying extents. His moods usually switch from petty, to cruel, to violently moody, to pathetic, and back, usually over the course of a few minutes.
- A good deal of the characters from Sayonara, Zetsubou-Sensei. Namely Kafuka who's somewhat similar to Rena, except she's even more overly optimistic.
- Kamille in Mobile Suit Zeta Gundam can go from personable and friendly to teenage angst-fest in the blink of an eye (Not Hyperbole). It's oftentimes difficult to tell what exactly set him off.
- Naomi in Psychic Squad started off being the calm, sweet girl all the time. Once she realized that her supervisor Tanizaki's treatment of her was why she was having trouble with her powers, she lets loose and from then on shows no restraint in throwing him into a wall when he gets too close. Her Code Name even changes from "Kitty Cat" to "Wild Cat" in the process.
- ACDC from Jojos Bizarre Adventure, even admitting that he's the most emotional of the Pillar Men. When Joseph cuts off his arm and destroys it so he can't reattach it, his reaction is to... burst into tears and cry like a little girl, and then after a while stop as quickly as he started and claim he was just blowing off steam. This actually makes him dangerous; Joseph reads his opponents to get the upper hand on them, but it's impossible to read ACDC's constant mood shifts.
- Upotte!!: Agu (a personification of the Steyr AUG) switches from a shy assault rifle to an overbearing squad automatic weapon with a change of barrel/hairstyle.
- Magical Record Lyrical Nanoha Force has Curren Hückbein and Cypha. Cypha is The Stoic, but she often switches to her sadistic Ax-Crazy persona when she's in a battle. The Big Bad Curren can be very childish, acts as a cute and sweet woman, only to switch to her dark, intimidating, creepy persona, then back and forth.
- Kaguya from Kaguya-sama: Love Is War is susceptible to changing emotions at the drop of a hat, something which is attributed to her less than stellar upbringing. This usually takes the form of a Running Gag where someone (most often Fujiwara) will get close to Kaguya's Love Interest Shirogane, causing her to mentally curse them and call them scum; the victim then does something to get back into Kaguya's good graces, which causes her to fawningly act like they're best friends for lifenote .
- Sachiko from Maria Watches Over Us may be an Aloof Dark-Haired Girl but she's prone to this nevertheless. She acts aloof or mean randomly and often pushes her friends away. Sachiko herself lampshades this when, in the third season, she questions when Yumi became so good at handling her.
- Usagi from Sailor Moon tends to switch from being serious to silly and childish in a split second.
- A Crown of Stars: During her first day in Avalon Asukas mood is changing constantly from bitter and weary to smirking and bubbling to angry to serious. Shinji notes that her moods are changing very quickly and he does not know how adapting.
- Calvin and Hobbes III: Double Trouble gives us the Mood Swing Babbler, an alien from Planet Zok
- Child of the Storm:
- During the Forever Red arc in the sequel, Strange's mood ticks back and forth like a metronome - one moment, he's addressing Ra as "your featheriness", the next he's issuing softly spoken threats of cold-blooded murder. Since his famous foresight is being blocked and it's jumping up and down on Trauma Buttons related to his greatest failure, and he nearly killed himself trying to set it all right, this is not surprising. This is noticed by everyone around him and considered to be deeply disturbing.
- After the same arc, Harry ends up as this, with Ron explicitly noting at one point that he gets wary when Harry starts acting manically cheerful, because, like a rising broomstick, it's going into a certain dive shortly afterwards. This diminishes significantly as his mental health slowly recovers, but it's still noted by Clark a good forty-five chapters later.
- Evangelion 303: Due to her psychological trauma, Asuka's mood could change very, very quickly. She could go from cheerfulness to aggressiveness, restrained calm to unbridled anger, fury to depression or despair to happiness. It could become pretty disconcerting when people met her for the first time.
- The Wizard in the Shadows has Harry, the notably unstable protagonist, respond to his circumstances (being trapped in Middle-Earth for years on end) by rapidly cycling through manic cheerfulness, relaxed sarcasm, bitter depression, and Unstoppable Rage - and then some. Sometimes, this all happens within the space of a single chapter, and it's noted In-Universe to be somewhat unsettling as no one quite knows which side of him you're going to see next. He gets better over time, though he remains somewhat odd. The author later revealed that this was a result of his personal Creator Breakdown during his mid-teens, and its diminishing was a side-effect of his Creator Recovery.
- Scar Tissue:
- After Instrumentality, Shinji's mood could change abruptly and instantly when he was pushed the wrong way. He could go from quiet to maddened berserker to depressed to happy to sad in a matter of seconds.
- Ironically, Asuka's mood stopped being so shifty. After Third Impact she was nearly permanently angry and paranoid. During the fic, she makes an effort to control her temper, and she is constantly gloomy and depressed.
- Sollux is this in canon, but even more so in the fanadventure Be the Sea Dweller Lowblood. He and Karkat will get in a fight, one of them will apologize, the other won't accept, then the second one apologizes and the first one ignores him, they get into another fight, one of them will apologize but be rejected again, one will think about apologizing but change his mind, one will beat himself up over not apologizing sooner but then not go through with it, etc, etc, etc.
Congratulations. Over the span of two minutes, you succeed in getting pissed at Karkat, forgiving him, and getting pissed at him again, despite the fact that you have neither spoken to him nor physically seen him for hours.This is not bipolarity. Bipolarity is a pendulum swinging back and forth, going tick-tock like the beat of a heart, sometimes slowing so that it will be days before the next tick, perigees before the next tock. Sometimes for a time, it freezes in the middle, and you can breathe easy and clear your head. The emotions are not nearly as neat and tidy as a pendulum, but the process, the process is.This is not bipolarity.This is insanity. Not the tick-tock of a pendulum but the tacktacktack of a pinball machine. The swings are jagged and irregular, not back and forth but lurching all over creation. You're lucky when you get to hold on to an emotion for more than a fleeting moment.You haven't been "bipolar" in sweeps. You miss being bipolar. It was better than this unidentifiable monstrosity.No it wasn't! Ha ha ha, what are you talking about? It was even MORE horrible compared to this! At least this way you're guaranteed to not have to put up with a bad mood very long.... Except that you usually switch from one bad mood to another bad mood.
- In the Brainbent canon Sollux has rapid-cycling bipolar disorder, with accompanying psychotic episodes. It's so bad that after one incident where he didn't take his medication he had to be sent to St. Lobaf for treatment.
- In Mega Man Reawakened, Tron Bonne has been like this since Arc 5 began—and it's revealed it's because she's pregnant.
- Pokémon Reset Bloodlines has the local Knight of Cerebus Belladonna Tyrian, who can easily switch from murderous rage to be very affectionate. This is quickly established in her first encounter with Ash Ketchum, when as soon as she realizes they're half-siblings, she tries to talk and comfort him when just a few minutes ago she intended to kill him.
- In Fractures, after meeting the Off-Colors, her collective traumas have left Pink Diamond to behave rather Bipolar; most days she is kind, supportive and wise to them, other days she goes off to sulk on her own collective hang-ups, ignoring or snapping at any gem that goes to console her.
- RWBY: Scars: Weiss often switches between normality and bouts of depression. She's usually content but it's easy to trigger a depressed state, which at her worst can last for weeks. According to the writer, she's schizoaffective but is untreated.
- Turning Point: When Dracula and Lisa decide to court a relationship, he offers to wear a muzzle (though Lisa likens it more to a torture device) designed to keep vampires from biting people. He compares the will to feed in vampires to human libidos, can come suddenly without warning and that while he is usually The Stoic, he doesn't trust himself not to attack Lisa at any given moment.
- Boingo from Hoodwinked! acts like this once he drops his Tastes Like Diabetes facade and starts acting like a supervillain. The commentary remarks that on one occasion they couldn't decide which take to use (maniacal, verge of tears, etc), so they just decided to string them all together to very good effect.
- After escaping from the tower in which she's lived her whole life without leaving in Tangled, Rapunzel swerves wildly between unrestrained joy at being liberated and crushing guilt at breaking the promise she made to Mother Gothel to never leave the tower. So hilarious was it that it appeared swoop-by-swoop in Kingdom Hearts III. The scene (unedited) can be seen here.
[ecstatic] I can't believe I did this!
[horrified] I can't believe I did this.
[overjoyed] I can't believe I did this!
[appalled] Mother would be so furious.
[sitting by pond] But that's okay, I mean, what she doesn't know won't kill her, right?
[sitting in cave] Oh my gosh. This would kill her!
[running through leaves] This is sooo funnnn!!
[leaning on tree] I am a horrible daughter. I'm going back!
[rolling down hill] I am never going back!
[facedown in meadow] I am a despicable human being.
[swinging from tree] WOO-HOOOO!! Best! Day! Ever!
[sitting by rock] *sobbing*
- "Let It Go" from Frozen is emotionally deep and complicated (part of what may have contributed to its Oscar win), and during some of its most intricate moments Elsa wears many highly expressive faces that change nearly second by second. It almost seems like Elsa has mixed emotions. At points, she has the facial expression of outright anger (for instance, when she casts off the gloves and cape), mixed emotions (when she creates Olaf), and outright happiness (when Elsa conjures up the icy staircase to bridge the chasm). And there are lines like "I'm never going back, the past is in the past!" where Elsa really rapidly changes facial expressions: from distress, to resolve, to sorrow, to resolve, to anger, to relief and happiness, regret, and then, as she's about to let down her hair, you see a pained look on her mouth like someone just punched her in the face.
- Basil from The Great Mouse Detective certainly swings from manically happy to crushingly depressed and back to manically happy again quickly. Of course, this is because he's based on Sherlock Holmes, who was possibly bipolar, and definitely a massive cocaine addict. So either Basil could use a little lithium, or he's gotten into a bad, mouse-sized vial of seven per cent solution (an expected hazard of living under Holmes' floor).
- The Hunchback of Notre Dame: Clopin, being the Large Ham he is, can go from very bombastic to laid-back at the drop of a hat, which can mostly be chalked up to him being a performer.
- The Nightmare Before Christmas:
- Jack Skellington, particularly during his BSoD Song, "Poor Jack".
- The Mayor of Halloweentown, to the point of literally having 2 different faces.
- Wreck-It Ralph: King Candy is known to switch emotions wildly several times within the same sentence - from cheerful giggling to flustered to angry to some more giggling. He can be making puns one second and furiously ordering around his guards in the next. Even when he briefly drops the King Candy image and shows himself as Turbo, he can't help but snap to gleeful conceit in-between his fury at his plans being unraveled.
- Avengers: Age of Ultron: Ultron himself can go from calm to angry to apologetic right back to angry in seconds. He is a Psychopathic Manchild, after all.
Ultron: (after having just sliced off Klaue's arm) Ooh, ooh, I'm sorry, it's just, I don't - don't compare me with Stark!
- The Hobbit: Smaug seems to frequently zig-zag between a Faux Affably Evil politeness and rampaging wrath.
"''You have nice manners... for a thief, and a LIAR!
- Paul, later in Pain and Gain, due the effects of cocaine (as pointed out by the Fun with Subtitles). He zig-zags between cheerful, remorseful and stoic.
- Multiple characters in The Room, but Johnny most obviously. He (in)famously goes from a tirade about how his "future wife" has falsely accused him of domestic abuse to being happy to see his best friend.
- The titular character in Julien Donkey-Boy, being a Paranoid Schizophrenic. His eccentric Father (Played by Werner Herzog) also counts, both in a very disturbing manner.
- Gary King in The World's End is this, quickly able to shift from sad and regretful, to serious, to excited and manic (his most common phase). This is an early hint that all is not right in his head, and he uses his tendencies to help mask some of his deceptions from his friends.
- Kylo Ren from Star Wars: The Force Awakens. He can shift to being The Stoic to The Berserker in the drop of a hat. Major example: after a messenger informs him that the droid with the map escaped, he wordlessly launches into a rage-fueled tantrum, slashing a computer terminal over and over again with his lightsaber; after he ultimately stops, he immediately turns back to the messenger and matter-of-factly asks, "Anything else?" - in a calm, even polite tone.
- Wonder Woman (2017): Charlie switches between visibly suffering from PTSD and singing like a jolly fellow. And he also has his collected moments.
- Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets: Once Harry arrives at the Burrow, Molly switches back and forth between scolding her three sons to welcoming Harry to her home.
- Paradise Rot: Kyle Brightman has Bipolar II, which is usually represented like this.
- Vlad Tepes in Count and Countess, usually to scary degrees.
- Tonker in Monstrous Regiment has only two moods: calm and berserk. The description used in the book is "has no middle gears."
- Peter Pan:
"Now, Tinker Bell was not all bad. At least, she was not all bad all the time."
- This is Tinker Bell's original characterization. J.M. Barrie explains that fairies are 'so small they only have room for one feeling at a time.'
- Hell, Peter's like this at least as much. Having been raised by fairies may have something to do with it.
- Less than halfway through the first novel, it's easy to see where theories of Sherlock Holmes being bipolar come from.
- Edward Cullen of Twilight fame is a rather offputting example. He's portrayed as a tortured, yet romantic gentleman who has the utmost devotion to Bella...but only when she's submissive. However, when she puts up even the slightest resistance or actually voices complaints, he quickly goes from a "sensitive" boyfriend to a frothing, rageful lunatic bent on putting her in her place. In addition to his manipulative tendencies, it is because of this that he serves as the perfect candidate for a walking PSA and redflag archive on Domestic Abuse.
- In Revenge of the Sith, Anakin Skywalker isn't too different. His frustrations with the war, the Jedi, what he feels is a lack of respect from said Jedi, and his fears about Padmé's prophesised death mean conversations with him are a veritable minefield. Even Padmé herself isn't safe as the story goes on. Just mentioning she's been talking to a group of senators who aren't happy about the way the war is going is enough to get Anakin to act increasingly hostile. And that's before his FaceHeel Turn.
- Ramsay Bolton from A Song of Ice and Fire and Game of Thrones has a Hair-Trigger Temper and can jump from quiet contemplation, to (feigned) polite conversation, to childlike glee, to psychotic rage in a matter of seconds.
- Birthright (2017): The villain Ko-Kraham switches from cheerful smugness to violent rage, and back again with almost no warning.
- Janus bet Vhalnich from The Shadow Campaigns seems to have a milder version of this. He can go for weeks acting somewhat normally, then be extremely affable for an hour or so, jump straight into raging fury at the drop of a hat, and then go back to affable the following day.
- Norman Bates from Psycho by Robert Bloch. Bloch sums up Bates' multiple personalities in his stylistic form of puns: "Norman", a child dependent on his mother; "Norma", a possessive mother who kills anyone who threatens the illusion of her existence; and "Normal", a functional adult who goes through the motions of day-to-day life. "Norma" dominates "Norman" much as she had when she was alive, forbidding him to have friends and flying into violent rages whenever he feels attracted to a woman including calling them "whores". "Norma" and "Norman" carry on conversations through Bates talking to himself in his mother's voice, and Bates dresses in his mother's clothes whenever "Norma" takes hold completely. Norman also shows this when he develops attraction to a girl in that he acts like a perfect gentleman, becomes increasingly unhinged while rambling that "we all go a little mad sometimes", sneaks a peek on them while they're changing, calls them sluts that are trying to ridicule and laugh at him, becomes his "Norma" persona and either (depending on the version) stabs them to death or cuts them to pieces while they're showering. And then he becomes the benevolent caretaker of Bates Motel again.
- The Magicians:
- It's mentioned that one of the kid heroes of the Narnia-esque Fillory And Further novels, Martin Chatwin, suffered from this. By book three, he was known for being able to swing from cheery good humor to chronic depression at the drop of a hat, and his last appearance features him suffering a very public breakdown in which he gets into a fight with his younger brother, rages over being banished from Fillory due to him reaching the age of thirteen, and storms off into the woods - never to be seen again. It's later revealed that his depressive spells were due to being sexually abused by Christopher Plover, and had come to depend on Fillory as a coping mechanism.
- In a much darker example outside the Fillory novels, The Beast proves to be terrifyingly mercurial: in his introduction, he paralyzes an entire class full of students, gleefully wastes time around the room, suddenly puts his fist through a clock, and the moment one of the students tries to fight back, he eats her alive. Then he departs, singing a lullaby. It's later revealed that the Beast is none other than Martin, having undergone a horrific metamorphosis after delving into the dark magic of Fillory's nastier inhabitants.
- Daylen in Shadow of the Conqueror swings between hopeful optimism, smug superiority, explosive rage, juvenile playfulness, and paralyzing self-hatred practically every few chapters. He also considers Lyrah to be this, due to how intense their conversations get.
- Similarly on Amen, everyone notes Thelma's erratic behavior as hers and Reuben's anniversary approaches. Her father notes to friends Amelia and Rolly that her mother was the same way as their first anniversary came — "She was laughing and giggling one minute and throwing pots and pans at me the next. But at least she had a good excuse. She was pregnant." Their eyes widen as they realize that he may have just pinpointed the reason for Thelma's conduct. Sure enough, it turns out she's expecting.
- On Babylon 5 Emperor Cartagia can go from goofing around like a decadent party animal to ordering your execution within the span of five minutesnote . Suffice it to say, his Decadent Court has a hell of a time figuring out which way to jump to keep in his good graces.
- In Breaking Bad and Better Call Saul, mood-swinging is one of several things that make Tuco Salamanca pants-shittingly terrifying. While he can put on a friendly face, he's one blink away from hospitalizing someone. On-screen, he beats his right-hand man to death for saying something meant to keep Walter White in line, and in BCS, Nacho mentions that Tuco made salsa out of an underling's head with a shotgun due to being on drugs at the time.
- The Caesars depicts Caligula as one of these; Caligula even says that he uses this to his advantage so that people do not know whether a given act of flattery will please him or anger him, thereby keeping them afraid of him.
- Charite has Emil Behring, jumping from sunny confidence to cold rage to a tearful, ashamed breakdown. He's infamous throughout the hospital for this and often called out on it, but in the late 1880s, few acknowledge that it's an actual psychological issue that should be treated — it would later come to be known as bipolar disorder.
Ida Lenze: Doctor Behring is as erratic as April weather.
- Doctor Who:
- Davros can switch between calm philosophical dialogue, or discussion of his latest plan, and shrieking megalomaniacal ranting, and back again, within the same sentence.
- "Vincent and the Doctor" depicts Vincent van Gogh this way, switching from moderately functional to inconsolably depressed to battle-ready within minutes. Somewhat Truth in Television: The historical Van Gogh was prone to erratic behaviour and sudden bouts of depression or mania, widely theorised to be either bipolar disorder or neurological impairment arising from a metabolic disorder called Acute intermittent porphyria (the same disease that many historians believe King George the Third suffered from), but in real life they cycled over a period of weeks or months.
- ER. When Abby's bipolar mother shows up, she's in a manic phase—talking rapidly, throwing herself into various creative projects, etc. Things culminate in her causing a huge disturbance, after which she disappears. When she resurfaces, she's now in the depressed phase and can't even muster the energy to get out of bed.
- Ross was like this between "The One With Ross's Sandwich" and "The One With The Girl Who Hits Joey", as a result of first getting depressed with all the bad things in his life, then snapping and developing his "rage", then being put on medication. This reaches its peak in the latter episode, where he goes from furious that Chandler is sleeping with Monica to delighted that Chandler is in love with Monica in about a second. He calms down a bit after that, but it still flares up sometimes, for instance in "The One Where Ross Is Fine".
- Phoebe was like this with her pregnancy hormones in "The One With The Worst Best Man Ever". After she goes on an angry rant about how fed up she is with the discomfort of pregnancy Ross tries to calm her down with a cookie, which leads to...
Ross: Pheebs, did you want a cookie?
Phoebe: [sobbing] Thank you so much!
Rachel: So uh, Pheebs, honey, how're those mood swings coming?
Phoebe: [calmly] I haven't really had any yet.
- Game of Thrones:
- Earlier on in the show, Jaime Lannister displays some of these traits; he goes from sulking over being forced to guard Robert's orgy, to cheerfully reminiscing about crushing Greyjoy's rebellion with Jory, to snapping at Jory for asking him to deliver Ned's message to the king.
- Joffrey can switch from jovial to intensely angry with frightening speed.
- Over the course of a single torture session, Ramsay can swing wildly between emotionless droning, absent-minded contemplation, childish glee, and psychotic rage.
- Lysa, especially towards poor Sansa. It's clear Lysa cares about her, but her jealousy of Littlefinger's affections makes her even more dangerously unstable, when she thinks that he might having an affair with her. In all likelihood, this was probably why Baelish killed her eventually. She goes from gripping Sansa's hands so tightly that it hurts while accusing Sansa of sleeping with Petyr to hugging her niece and telling her everything will be fine and she will be Lady of the Vale someday.
- General Hospital: Laura notes that she keeps bursting into tears over the most minute things. She recalls that the only other time she felt like this was when she was pregnant and with this, realizes that she's pregnant again.
- The wife of the man with the bazooka round in his chest in the bomb squad episode of Grey's Anatomy. She goes from uncontrollable screaming to uncontrollable tears to uncontrollable rage and then back to uncontrollable tears.
- Dickie Bennett of Justified is a villainous example, who can shift from sullen and sarcastic to faux cheer, to sadistic rage over the course of a scene. He's also possessed of a distinctly unreliable Hair-Trigger Temper—sometimes can keep his cool no matter how bad things are getting, while other times the slightest set back will set him off.
- An eighth season episode of Law & Order has McCoy and Ross prosecuting a manic-depressive teenager whose wealthy grandfather is hindering the case. The grandfather abruptly launches into a paranoid rant outside the courthouse, tipping off McCoy to his own manic-depression and giving him an opening to press a better deal for his grandson.
- Monty Python's Flying Circus has the man who's alternately rude and polite.
- Muppets Tonight director Nigel suffers from this, going from mellow to hysterical and back again at the drop of a hat. Though working with The Muppets can have that effect on people.
- A pregnancy example from The Nanny. The combination of her pregnancy and her son moving away to college left Fran's emotions all over the place, pinballing around in seconds.
Niles: I thought tonight for a celebratory dinner, I would make salmon.
Fran: [Morose] Oh, no, those poor little salmons. They spend their whole life swimming upstream just to be poached for dinner?
Niles: I was going to barbecue.
Fran: [Chipper] Ooh, mesquite? With a teriyaki glaze? That would be perfect for Brighton's celebratory dinner. [Crying] my baby's leaving. [Angry] Who put their finger in the cake!?
Everyone else: [Slightly Confused] You did.
Fran: Oh, well, aren't we a bunch of moody musketeers?
- Sherlock's Jim Moriarty has, to say the least, a habit of doing this. "SORRY BOYS! I'M SOOOOOO CHANGEABLE!"
- Tyres from Spaced does this frequently, with the camera angle often changing with his mood. Explained as a long-term side-effect of taking waaaaaaaaay too much ecstasy.
- The Suite Life of Zack and Cody London Tipton. One minute a crazy raging psycho, the next minute a sobbing heap of mush, the next minute icy calm, and finally party-girl cheerful.
- Dean Winchester Dean can alternate between enthusiastic and engaging to sullen and withdrawn, sometimes so abruptly that others have trouble keeping up. Sam is accustomed to it, but it is a common source of tension between them. Castiel doesn't understand it, and his attempts to cope with it just lead him into doing things that cause still more mood swings.
- Lilith, most noticeable in "No Rest for the Wicked". She goes from serene to downright cheerful to seething to icy-furious in matter of minutes. You never know what she'll do next or how she'll react or (most importantly) what's going to set her off.
- Cat in Victorious can go from happy to sad in under 4 sentences.
- Zyuden Sentai Kyoryuger: In one episode, Chaos acts this way as a result of absorbing a ton of emotional energy to feed Deboth, going from anger ("It's your fault for failing so much!") to sorrow (sobbing "Why am I Surrounded by Idiots?") to joy ("Oh well, It Can't Be Helped. Ha ha ha!") in the course of a single conversation.
- Relient K: Whoever the song "Mood Rings" was about: "First she's Jekyll and then she's Hyde... at least she makes a lovely pair", indeed.
- Bleak Expectations: When Harry Biscuit turns evil for a second time, his wife Pippa responds to the news by cycling through a half-a-dozen different feelings in the space of a minute. Her brother Pip, being a Victorian gentleman, is horrified at all the emotion on display, and declares he's going to go to the pub and not speak to anyone for a month.
- Malfeas in Exalted is known to be bipolar on a huge scale, but the real Mood-Swinger among the Yozis is Kimbery, whose affections change like the tides - as soon as she's disappointed by you at all, she goes loveloveloveloveloveSOMUCHHATE. Being in the second category is a death sentence; the first, a death sentence suspended until you inevitably enter category two.
- One of the possible monsters in Munchkin Card Game is a "bipolar bear" - he will attack you furiously or run away, depending on its current mood.
- Lucy from 13 has this dialogue with her boyfriend:
Lucy: ...And don't forget to change your facebook status to in a relationship. That way our profiles will be linked together like little love handcuffs.
Brett: (To Cassie, who is walking by) Oh hi Cassie.
Lucy: Are you flirting with her?!
Brett: No, I was just saying Hi.
Lucy: So you're saying I'm fat?
Lucy: Well, you never say anything about how amazing I look anymore.
Brett: Lucy, you are driving me crazy.
Lucy: See? Now that was sweet. And sweet makes me sweet. Got it?
- In Shrek: The Musical, Fiona seems "a bit bi-polar" during "I Know It's Today".
- Aerie in Baldur's Gate II wavers more or less arbitrarily between "scarred but functional" and "if I can't fly I might as well just kill myself".
- Troy Baker's Joker veers into this in Batman: Arkham Origins: he can go from cracking jokes to his underlings, to shoving a guy out of a window, to raving about how much he loves the fruitcake. Notably, this is before he's developed his obsession with Batman, which comes at the end of the game.
- Bendy and the Ink Machine: Due to having a Split Personality, Susie Campbell can alternate between murderous sadism, raw fury, and despaired panic within seconds.
- The Dance Dance Revolution announcer, or at least the one from DDR Hottest Party. He lavishes praise on you when you're doing well or even just okay, but the second your dance meter falls into the red he'll angrily demand that you stop sucking. Also, when you idle on the song menu he demonstrates all the patience of a spoiled six-year-old ("Bo-ring!").
- Firaeveus Carron in Dawn of War is a contender for the most dramatic example on this page. He famously goes from sounding mocking and amused, to suddenly exploding into uncontrollable rage, and ending with thoughtful menace, all in less than ten seconds:
Look! Rhinos! Rhinos! Our enemies hide from us in metal boxes! THE COWARDS! THE FOOLS! WE... We should take away their metal boxes...
- Anders of Dragon Age II is stated in the Codex to suffer from manic and depressive phases as of Act III, due to the Sanity Slippage caused by his Demonic Possession. His dialogue throughout the game tends to reflect this, ranging from calm and caring, to snarky, to obsessively focused on his goals, to self-righteously grandiose, to self-loathing and miserable, to downright psycho, with alarming speed.
- The Elder Scrolls
Sheogorath: "Since you're standing here, I assume you've succeeded. Or you're terribly confused. OR REALLY LACKING IN GOOD JUDGMENT!"
- Throughout the series, this is one of the most prominent traits of Sheogorath, the Daedric Prince of Madness. He can go from a silly Great Gazoo/Mad Hatter one minute to a full blown Axe-Crazy, Dog-Kicking, Hurler of Planetoids the next.
- In the backstory, this was a trait of Emperor Pelagius the Mad. He would swing to both extremes, going from fully manic to attempting suicide in virtually no time at all. Once his madness became too publicly apparent, he was removed from the throne and institutionalized. Notably, Sheogorath's Skyrim quest has you posthumously curing Pelagius of whatever madness ailed him.
- Madison Li of Fallout 3 has a habit of changing her tone from hostile and antagonistic to calm within the same sentence.
- Noire in Fire Emblem Awakening is notorious for switching between her timid and soft-spoken, and violent and loud personalities at random times.
- Catalina in Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas is easily the most infamous example of this! One moment, she's a psychopathic bitch with ambitions to murder whoever she feels wrong her in even the slightest provocations. The next minute, she tells whoever her partner is that she loves them. Then after that, she claims to not love her partner anymore and considers dating them "just business". The fact that she herself is uncertain how she feels only exacerbates her behavior.
- Due to programming, Cole Phelps from L.A. Noire. During interrogations, he'll typically ask a calm, polite question, and then if you select "Doubt" or "Lie", abruptly start screaming obscenities at the suspect, then return to normal for the next question. The Updated Re-release recontextualizes this, changing the "Truth/Doubt/Lie" prompts into "Good Cop/Bad Cop/Accuse", making it more clear that Cole is deliberately playing a one-man Good Cop/Bad Cop routine.
- The Legend of Zelda:
- The Happy Mask Salesman in The Legend of Zelda: Majora's Mask. There are literally no physical transitions between his extreme emotions.
- Ghirahim from The Legend of Zelda: Skyward Sword is an even more extreme example in that he goes from outright furious, murderous, and Ax-Crazy, to a narcissistic who loudly proclaims his perfection and beauty, to an Affably Evil and playful antagonist around Link. He once breaks out into a dance.
- The Whistleblower DLC for Outlast has Eddie Gluskin, also known as the Groom. Having been sexually abused by his uncle and father as a child, he became obsessed with sexuality and marriage, and was already a serial killer before coming to the asylum. The experiments conducted on him there only made him worse. When you finally meet him, he has already mutilated and killed dozens of other (male) inmates, turning them into his 'brides' - and he attempts to do the same to you. He fluctuates from using creepily loving endearments ("Darling!") to crazily misogynistic ones ("Filthy sluts. You're like all the others.") to outright death threats ("You don't deserve my children. You don't even deserve to live.")
- Persona 3: While not as extreme as some of the others on the list, Yukari Takeba frequently goes through random moodswings through the course of the game. Said mood swings get worse in The Answer thanks to her grieving over the main character's death.
- Perfectly understandable too, given the fact that, before the events of the game, she was (for the most part) a normal teenager.
- Naoto's Shadow is this in Persona 4, alternating between a Mad Scientist giving the real Naoto a "The Reason You Suck" Speech and bawling their eyes out.
- Persona 3: While not as extreme as some of the others on the list, Yukari Takeba frequently goes through random moodswings through the course of the game. Said mood swings get worse in The Answer thanks to her grieving over the main character's death.
- N of Pokémon Black and White is mentioned by the creators to be moody, though it's hard to tell (and plenty justified) given everything else that's wrong with him.
- Cyrus of Pokémon Diamond and Pearl is revealed in Platinum to be suppressing his uncontrollable moods, which he believes to be caused by the inherently flawed nature of human spirit. It's suggested by his former neighbors that he snapped under pressure as a child and never quite got the help he needed.
- Wigglytuff in Pokémon Mystery Dungeon: Explorers has this reputation (along with Hair-Trigger Temper), though at first, it seems like its an Informed Attribute. After you fail to bring back a Perfect Apple, however, he literally almost blows up the guild. Besides that, the aftermath of his Curb-Stomp Battle with Team Skull supports this.
- In Psychonauts, you delve into the brain of a former actress to control her mood swings. Her mind is represented by a stage where can change the atmosphere from cheery to depressing with a switch.
- Silver from Sonic the Hedgehog. When the player sees him, he's usually either moping around or being in-your-face and energetic. Given the pervasiveness and length of time between some of these episodes, it's possible that he's actually bipolar.
- Soul Series: Tira is either bloodthirsty-cheerful or bloodthirsty-angry. She can change semi-randomly during a fight.
- Arguably all characters in the Galactic Adventures expansion for SPORE, as players are only given 5 emotions to work with (happy, sad, angry, scared, and neutral which is just a different version of happy) when making dialogue portions for their user-created missions, and they're all expressed in the most exaggerated way possible without and transitions between them. This also makes certain character types such as the Deadpan Snarker and The Stoic very difficult to portray believably.
- This is the main gimmick of Super Princess Peach: the heroine has four different moods that must be used in various ways. Further invoked by the presence of the Vibe Scepter, which has the power to make anyone this.
- Over the course of The Park's relatively short runtime, Lorraine Maillard swings from perfectly rational fear to nostalgia, self-doubt, suicidal self-loathing, bitter resentment, concern, morbid whimsy, and crippling guilt; in one bit of narration, she expresses utter hatred for her son and wishes he was dead - but scant minutes later, goes Mama Bear in promising to save him at all costs. She's actually under the influence of machines used to siphon off positive emotions; as this is a tie-in with The Secret World, the symptoms can also be seen in Nicholas Winter, who goes from blase, to paranoid, to bitterly self-destructive over the course of your time together.
- Arcueid from Tsukihime. Nothing too drastic though, unless you make her really angry.
- To say that Danganronpa's Junko Enoshima's mood changes on a dime is putting it very lightly. She gets so soul-crushingly bored that she changes her outward personality at a moment's notice because she becomes disinterested even with how she's presenting herself, cycling rapidly between regal, hot-blooded, scholarly, cutesy, and depressed.
- Rena from Higurashi: When They Cry. This and the fact that she's a Nightmare Fetishist seems innocent enough at first, but then you find out she's Grotesque Cute and Cute and Psycho, best known as the "Cleaver Girl" for her Ax-Crazy tendencies. Sometimes. The games hint she has a disorder, as she's shown to take pills back when she lived in Ibaraki and suffered from paranoia and hallucinations caused by Hinamizawa Syndrome, but her doctors had no way of knowing that since only very few people know about its existence so they treated her symptoms instead. However, it's exaggerated especially due to Unreliable Narrators so it seems freakier.
- Zenith in Commander Kitty is prone to wild mood swings. Watch her go from indignant ranting to happily discussing where to hide her goons, or from total despair to omnicidal rage!
- In DMFA, for the 'cubi it's a racial trait linked to their emotion-based powers. A 'cubi is both mercurial and feels emotions more strongly than any other creature or being.
- In Dr. Frost, Seol Song was one. It is not played for laughs at all, as she was diagnosed with borderline personality disorder.
- The fairy Red from Gunnerkrigg Court veers between smarmy affection, despondency, and rage. If anything, she gets worse after she becomes a human. (Maybe it's the hormones.)
- Zimmy is similar, though her personality is a bit more subdued (read: not psychotic). Her mood swings revolve around her friend, Gamma. An in-depth analysis of Zimmy's issues on the matter would make this page about twice as long, but the short version is this: Gamma acts as a grounding wire for the bulk of Zimmy's Reality Warper powers, which she can't control, and thus keeps Zimmy's mind mostly at peace. Zimmy is nonetheless aware that she's not a lot of fun to be around, and is terrified that if Gamma thought she had any other friends, she'd spend her time with them instead of Zimmy. Between this fear, and the power Gamma can't drain away, her overall reaction to the world is erratic and designed to keep people at arms' length by whatever means necessary.
- Sollux of Homestuck has this problem, and tends to lapse in and out of Heroic Self-Deprecation repeatedly. It's part of his overall theme of duality and bifurcation, as Gemini in the Trolls' Western Zodiac motif.
- Sollux's ancestor-descendant Mituna also turns the intensity of Sollux's mood swings up a few notches, swinging erratically between being a raving, foulmouthed Jerkass and a cowed, apologetic Extreme Doormat. It may not have always been so bad, seeing as he suffered a Heroic RRoD that severely crippled his mind before his introduction.
- Jean Poule in The Inexplicable Adventures of Bob!.
- Ménage à 3 has Kiley Shefford, a trainee psychotherapist who sometimes seems like she could do with some therapy herself.note Her most dangerous flaw may be excessive but fragile confidence in her own abilities. She jumps from cynical sarcasm to wild enthusiasm, from tearful panic to jumping someone, from "I'm such a good therapist" (strip #515, October 20th, 2011, NSFW) to "I'm the worst therapist in the world", from ecstasy to tears, or from anger to sobbing, with minimal provocation.
- Without Garfield, Jon looks like he has inexplicable mood swings in Garfield Minus Garfield. Case in point.
- Seppi is one in Nightmare Factory. Emai even notes that his mood swings faster than a girl on her period.
- The 20 Questions-playing Akinator can switch between smug satisfaction and red-hot rage between one question and the next, if what he thought was a perfect guess is thrown off by an answer that doesn't fit the bill.
- The Nostalgia Critic. All it takes is one bad move from a film and he'll go apeshit. Case in point?
Critic: A BAT CREDIT CARD???????!!! I'LL KILL ALL OF YOU!*3 hours later*Critic: Sorry. I just get a little crazy when I see a BAT CREDIT CAR-!!!*12 hours later*Critic: ...RAPE MY CHILDHOOD YOU-
- Played for Drama in Demo Reel with Tom Collins. During a phone call message to Donnie, he goes from jovially commenting that SWAG is pretty awesome, to full-blown-stalker threats telling Donnie to not even think about ignoring him.
- Terry, the Bi Bi-polar Polar Bear.
Terry: I just want you all to know that I don't care if you're a boy penguin or a girl penguin, I just... Aw, heck, I'm just gonna come right out and say it: I love you all to pieces!
Penguin: Oh, thanks Terry. We all love yo—
Terry: GO TO HELL!! *Runs off crying*
- Liu Bei in Farce of the Three Kingdoms. He will start crying at the slightest or no provocation.
- Aaahh!!! Real Monsters had Ickis, the Ugly Cute lead with serious issues. He could go from nervous stammering to bouncing off the walls to grossly inflated overconfidence and back in minutes. And that doesn't even get into his bouts of wide-eyed idealism and naivete...
- Animaniacs has Mr. Director, who constantly goes from a suave, calm guy who treats comedy as Serious Business to nothing but a Talkative Loon.
- Avatar: The Last Airbender: Katara is pretty much this trope to a T. Justified given she's a teenage girl who's had a lot to deal with over the last few years.
- Also Prince Zuko. One minute, he's calm, focused, and disciplined. The next, exploding in a flurry of grunts, growls, and fireballs. Even as a good guy, his mood doesn't improve much until the end. This is why he cannot use Lightning Bending, which requires absolute control over one's emotions.
- Caprice from The Crumpets, who is a goth teenage girl, likes to switch from being happy to hostile or suicidal depression. In one example, she happily reads a text message sent to her boyfriend and immediately cries in a sudden after learning it's not spelled correctly. The show's description provided by its studio mentions this trait. Her name is also fitting for this trope.
- Lunch Lady from Danny Phantom who switches from kind, grandmotherly figure to full-blown "I'll KEEL you" mode at the drop of a hat. Her alternate future daughter picked up the habit as well.
- Peg from Goof Troop can switch from being sweet and happy to terrifyingly angry in the same sentence, and effortlessly move back and forth between them. This usually occurs because she's addressing two parties at once, one she has a beef with and one she doesn't.
- The titular Invader Zim. One minute he'll spout about his next plan of attack, the next minute he'll calmly enjoy a plate of waffles.
- Heloise from Jimmy Two-Shoes tends to switch from Ax-Crazy Enfant Terrible mode, to sweet and innocent mode, to Deadpan Snarker mode, to flirtatiously lovable mode (around Jimmy), to pissed off mode and back again.
- Kim Possible:
- Doctor Drakken seems to go from mood to mood as an acrobat does on swings.
- In the episode "Emotion Sickness", Kim and Shego become Mood Swingers thanks to the Moodulators attached to them. Ron and Drakken end up being on the receiving end of all of their emotions.
- Lola Bunny from The Looney Tunes Show has a tendency to have little control over her emotions, one moment she can be crying her eyes out and the next she's laughing her ass off. Being a Cloud Cuckoolander, it could be attributed to her never being entirely sure what's going on around her.
- In Matchbox Hero City, Bobby, Trey, and Bumper changes reactions to Ghosts throughout the episode.
- Miraculous Ladybug: Duusu, kwami of the Peacock Miraculous, can go from exuberant cheer to bawling her eyes out and back again at a moment's notice. Of course, he is the Anthropomorphic Personification of emotion, so it makes some sense.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
- In Fluttershy's introductory scene in "Friendship is Magic, Part 1", Fluttershy goes from meek and bashful to gleeful and gushing when she gets a good look at Twilight Sparkle's baby dragon sidekick Spike
- In "Forever Filly", Rarity goes from hysterically crying over not having had the time to hang out with her little sister Sweetie Belle anymore to gleefully making plans when Sassy Saddles suggests she make the time to visit her.
Sassy Saddles: Way to immediately turn that around...
- Hexadecimal in ReBoot has her mood swings lampshaded — her face consists entirely of a theater mask, and she has to manually wave her hand across it to change its exaggerated expression.
- Ren from The Ren & Stimpy Show.
Ren: I'm gonna hit-cha! And you're gonna fall. And I'm gonna look down. And I'm gonna laugh. But first... first...! I gotta take a whiz! Don't you go anywhere.
- The Simpsons:
- In "Smart and Smarter", Lisa, jealous that Maggie might be smarter than her, runs away and takes refuge at the Springfield Natural History Museum. As she goes to sleep on the tongue of a giant model of the human body, Lisa begins badmouthing Maggie before realizing she's on the "bitter" side of the tongue. After moving to the "sweet" side, she starts sobbing and says "I miss them all so much!"
- In "Crook and Ladder", Homer takes sleeping pills to sleep well through the night, and Lisa reads off the side-effects, one which is mood swings. Cue Homer repeatedly saying "Mood swings!" in various moods.
- Superjail! - The Warden.
(sees dead bunny) "You... sick... bastard." (squishes dead bunny, merrily sends the bunny's kidnapper off in a rocket ship, and holds dead bunny up) "Heeey, little guy! Underneath all that precious fur..." (cuddles dead bunny mournfully) "All scared and all alone..." (pets dead bunny contentedly, starts singing) "If only~ they knew~ what it was like~ to be~ yyyyoooOOOOUUUU!" (rips dead bunny's skin off and gleefully wears it as a hat) "Jared, I want one of these for each and every inmate, not a moment to spare!"
- Blitzwing the Triple-Changer from Transformers Animated, who switches rapidly between three personalities/moods: Icy (stoick and calculating), Hothead (enraged and Hot-Blooded), and Random (who is... well, Random).
- Wakfu: Qilby when he's merged with the Eliacube. He's capable of swinging from utter anger to maniacal laughter to being eerily placid (not necessarily in that order).
- Steven Universe: Blue Diamond is usually in a state of Excessive Mourning over Pink Diamond's shattering but when Sapphire says she brought a human for the zoo even though Blue never gave her an order to she immediately hardens and when she is given an answer that satisfies her she snaps back to depressed and during "Rose Quartz's" trial she goes from sad to enraged and back several times.
- Ultradian-cycling bipolar disorder (in which the characteristic mood swings take place in periods of days or even hours, rather than weeks as is more typical) somewhat resembles this trope, and as noted above most fictional characters with bipolar disorder are depicted this way despite it being comparatively rare.
- One of the key symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder are rapid mood swings that can happen within hours. note This trope is so much a core indicator of that disorder, in fact, that some propose to change its name to "Emotional (dys)regulation disorder" because the term "Borderline" is outdated and carries too much social stigma.
- To be clear, the key difference between BPD and bipolar disorder is that mood swings in BPD are always a response to external stimuli (even if it is something as trivial as your pen being out of ink) while mood swings in bipolar disorder are spontaneous.
- Some people with PTSD have mood swings as part of the hyperarousal aspect of the disorder.
- Mood swings lasting at most hours as their symptoms can occur in many mental disorders, including autism, ADHD, and schizophrenia. What's distinctive about bipolar disorder is that the moods tend to be prolonged but distinct from the patient's usual behavior, lasting for days and often weeks and months, and either extremely elevated (irritable or euphoric mood with tons of energy and trying to get lots and lots of stuff done) or depressed (low mood with little energy or only nervous energy).
- This is also a symptom (and a major red flag) of alcoholism & drug abuse, especially if the person in question wasn't known for being like this in years past.
- This is a common feature of traumatic brain injuries, along with deficits in social judgment and impulse control, as well as memory, executive functioning, and processing. If someone who has recently had a head injury displays serious mood swings (especially bouts of extreme anger or major depressive episodes), regularly acts in an inappropriate manner (often, but not always sexually), and has a great deal of difficulty with planning out or executing tasks and is easily confused, you are almost definitely looking at a TBI.
- Ivan the Terrible had mood swings as a side effect of the quicksilver he used to treat his pain. One bipolar episode had him beat his son to death in a fit of rage. He reacted with devastating sadness.