In media, especially those with talking animals of any kind, certain animal species are often associated with a real-life human national/ethnic/racial group, and will be portrayed as National Stereotypes. Sometimes they will just have the accent, sometimes they will play up the positive and/or negative stereotypes associated with that nation (the latter often overlapping with Space Jews, and occasionally leading to Unfortunate Implications).
Occasionally, the animal is portrayed as the pet of a human being, who is a walking National Stereotype themselves (in this case, the animal doesn't need to be anthropomorphized). The animals could be wild animals actually native to the country, or domestic animals that are primarily bred there, or chosen by the government to be an official mascot (thus appearing on the national flag and/or coat-of-arms). Cat and Dog Stereotypes can come into play, if particular breeds of various national origins are depicted.
Alternatively, the same Animal Stereotypes associated with a particular species may simply be similar to the National Stereotypes associated with a particular country. Two warring nations can be portrayed as two animal species, whose Animal Jingoism reflects the real-life jingoism between the countries. Political Cartoons and Propaganda Pieces (like the one pictured above, which references the Boxer Rebellion), especially love using this trope, using anthropomorphic animals as the Anthropomorphic Personifications of various countries.
Obviously, this is a sub-trope of both National Stereotypes and Animal Stereotypes. And this is a super-trope to Kangaroos Represent Australia and Wild West Armadillo. Closely related to Anthropomorphic Personifications; compare and contrast this trope with Nations as People, when humans are used to symbolize an entire country. And also see Wikipedia's list of national animals.
Animal stereotypes by world regions:
- North America in general is represented by the turtle by certain Native American groups, most notably the Iroquois, due to a legend that the land is held on the back of a turtle. North America is even sort of shaped like a sea turtle.
- Alaska, Greenland, and Northern Canada will be usually portrayed as Eskimo Land in media.
- The Inuit people of the area may be represented as different animals native to the area, the walrus and the polar bear being popular choices.
- Out of dog breeds, the Alaskan Malamute is a popular choice, as it is often used as sled dog in the area. The Siberian Husky, being another sled dog, is another popular choice.
- Penguins will occasionally be portrayed as Inuits as well, despite actually being from Antarctica, and they live nowhere near the Arctic.
- The Tuskarr people of Northrend in World of Warcraft are anthropomorphic walruses having a Fantasy Counterpart Culture to the Inuits, wearing parkas and hunting with spears.
- In DuckTales (1987) (a world of anthropomorphic birds) the Eskimos are represented by Penguins.
- In TaleSpin Baloo and Kit travel to the Artic in one episode meeting polar bears with Eskimo attire and speaking Broken English.
- In both Danger Mouse (2014} and DuckTales (2017), Santa Claus, the North Pole's most famous resident, is a polar bear.
- Canada is strongly associated with some of its typical wildlife: including beavers, moose, black bears, grizzly bears, and polar bears(which is featured on the toonie), and Canadian geese.
- Canada is also sometimes associated with raccoons. The northern part of the raccoon's range extends into British Columbia and Ontario.
- Canada is sometimes associated with the horse because they are the animal that the Royal Canadian Mounted Police ride.
- Out of the various dog breeds, the Labrador Retriever and the Newfoundland are the most associated with Canada.
- Despite being depicted in animated and live action media a fair amount, the Sphynx cat breed is almost never associated with Canada despite having originated there.
ExamplesFilm - Animated
- The Wild has Canadian geese with Canadian accents. More bizarrely, it also features Indian (with a touch of Arabic) stereotype pigeons and Italian-American flamingos and alligators.
- The newsreader in the American and Canadian version of Zootopia is a Canadian-accented moose named Peter Moosebridge (an Ink-Suit Actor version of real-life newscaster Peter Mansbridge, longtime anchor (1988-2017) of the CBC's flagship evening News Broadcast The National).
- The comedic moose duo, Rutt and Tuke from Brother Bear talk with a Canadian accent.
- In Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World, one story stars a Canadian raccoon ranger who needs to defeat two bullies, a grizzly bear and a timber wolf.
- The Franklin book series was created in Canada and the main cast includes a beaver, a bear, a raccoon, and a Canadian goose. A moose even appeared as a one-shot character.
- Bear Hugger from the Punch-Out!! series, especially in the Wii game, where he has an actual grizzly bear for a sparring partner.
- In Willy Fog 2, the sequel to Around the World with Willy Fog based on Jules Verne's Journey to the Center of the Earth and 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea, the Canadian harpooner Ned Land is a polar bear. Furry Confusion ensues when Ned fights a non-sentient polar bear... in Antarctica.
- Probably one of Canada's most iconic animated series is The Raccoons helping the association.
- The Bojack Horseman character Mr. Peanutbutter (an anthropomorphic Labrador Retriever dog) grew up in Canada's Labrador Peninsula (in the province of Newfoundland and Labrador). Not only that, but everyone in Peanutbutter's hometown are also Labrador Retrievers.
- Kid vs. Kat: Averted with Mr. Kat. Although Kid Vs Kat is a Canadian produced TV series and Mr Kat appears to be a Sphynx cat, he is not portrayed as a Canadian Sphynx. In fact, he is an evil alien mastermind who only looks like a Sphynx cat.
- Bald eagles appear in the coat of arms of the USA, being native to the North American continent, and also a symbol for freedom. This association named the trope Eagleland; the eagles will often be portrayed as Captain Patriotic. Eagles are perhaps the best known American personification (aside from Uncle Sam of course).
- The two major US political parties are also often represented by animals; donkeys for the Democratic Party, and elephants for the Republican Party. This association was popularized by Thomas Nast and many other political cartoonists, while the Democratic Donkey and Republican Elephant were eventually adopted as official symbols of these parties.
- Some dog breeds such as the Boston Terrier, bull terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and American Pit Bull Terrier (the latter three dogs are collectively known as pitbulls), are also associated with America. Sometimes, the Golden Retriever (which originated in Scotland) is associated with America.
- Native Americans will most often be portrayed as bison, mostly due to certain Plains Indian tribes that specialized in bison hunting. Crows may also represent Native Americans, due to one tribe being called the Crow Nation. Similarly, ravens are often associated with Pacific Northwest tribes, due to the Raven being the main Trickster animal there.
- Less often, coyotes, black bears, cougars, bobcats, and raccoons may be portrayed as Americans, due to these animals being native only to North America, unlike other similar animals, either in Eurasia or with more extended ranges (incidentally, the Coyote is also a common trickster figure in the mythology of several Native American tribes in the Western states).
- Americans are also occasionally portrayed as foxes. A certain joke has one act as the foil for a Mexican burro.
- In any story involving rural American farmlands, expect typical domestic livestock (cattle, chickens, pigs, sheep, horses, etc.) to show up. Often, they'll talk with a stereotypical Midwestern or Southern "redneck" accent.
- Texas and the Southwestern states are sometimes associated with armadillos. Texans will also be occasionally portrayed as Longhorn cattle, since cowboys and cattle-ranching have a long tradition in the state. The Southeastern states, especially Florida and Louisiana, are associated with alligators and opossums.
- Other miscellaneous regional animals: the American state of Washington is apparently represented by its totem animal, a sea-slug. Tennessee is more orthodox and has a rattlesnake. Wisconsin has the American badger. Oregon has the beaver. California has a grizzly bear (which appears on the state flag), though somewhat ironically, there are very few grizzly bears left living in California, especially compared to more rural western states. Similarly, Michigan has the wolverine, which has actually been essentially extirpated from Michigan for around 200 years (there was one animal living in the Thumb in the late 2000s, the first seen anywhere in the state outside captivity since the 19th century; it was found dead in 2010).
- If using regional seafood stereotypes, New England is associated with lobsters and the Pacific Northwest is associated with salmon.
- Hawaii and its animal stereotypes are described under the Polynesia folder.
- Alaska and its animal stereotypes are described under The Arctic folder
- Puerto Rico and its animal stereotypes are described under the Caribbean folder.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In an aversion of the stereotype Cat Shit One, Americans are portrayed as, out of all species, rabbits. It's a pun on the Japanese word for rabbit, "usagi" (USA GI, get it?).
- Squirrel and Hedgehog has Americans portrayed as wolves, with one fox among them.
- The American Eagle in the Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew! relaunch is a bald eagle and Captain Patriotic.
- In Maus, all non-Jewish Americans are portrayed as dogs - Caucasians as white dogs, African-Americans as black dogs. This is most likely due to Animal Jingoism, as the comic takes place during World War II and Germans are portrayed as cats, but it also suits some stereotypes about Americans: a little dim, but loyal, and with big personalities and drawn to big deeds (for good or ill).
- Blacksad: In an in-universe B-Movie about giant ants menacing the States, the American President is portrayed as a bald eagle.
Film - Animated
- The Magical Native American in Rango is a crow.
- The killer outlaw who serves as the film's villain is a rattlesnake; the most feared animal in the western USA(and probably in the USA as a whole).
- The Princess and the Frog features a jazz-loving alligator from Louisiana.
- All Dogs Go to Heaven has a Pit Bull Terrier gangster as its main antagonist. A music-loving Sewer Gator from New Orleans also (quite unexpectedly and strangely) appears in the story.
- In Madagascar 3: Europe's Most Wanted, the American businessman who buys the circus has a pet bald eagle.
- In the books by Richard Scarry, Native Americans are portrayed either as bison or as raccoons.
- Sam the Eagle from The Muppet Show. So American that when he plays a British character in The Muppet Christmas Carol, he starts talking about how business makes America great and has to be reminded by the narrator that he's British.
- Braviary from Pokémon (introduced in Pokémon Black and White) is an eagle-like pokemon with colours that resemble the USA flag and feathers that resemble a Native American headdress.
- The villager Apollo from Animal Crossing is a bald eagle whose birthday is on July 4. He is also one of the few characters who shares a Japanese and English name.
- The Tauren in World of Warcraft resemble anthropomorphic cattle (in the vein of Minotaur) and are a Fantasy Counterpart Culture of Native Americans. Their northern cousins, the Taunka, take this one step even further, being anthropomorphic bison.
- Bison in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic are portrayed as teepee-dwelling, feathered headdress-wearing Fantasy Counterpart Culture of Native Americans.
- In Road Rovers, the anthropomorphic Golden Retriever "Hunter" is from America.
- In Around the World with Willy Fog, bison have a poignant scene in the American stage (though as non-sentient animals), the native Sioux are portrayed as coyotes and Transfer disguises as a coyote more than once, posing both as a Native and as an Euro-American. San Francisco is home to an old prospector raccoon, a cougar sheriff and golden retriever gunslingers. The Union Pacific president is an American Black Bear.
- Native Americans in Rocko's Modern Life are presented as Bald Eagles.
- In the 2015 Danger Mouse, Establishing Shots of New York have the Statue of Liberty as an eagle. There's also a recurring Innocent Bystander who's an eagle Hawaiian-Shirted Tourist.
- Golden eagles and rattlesnakes represent Mexico on their flag and currency, due to an old Aztec folktale describing a snake-killing eagle standing on top of a cactus on top of a rock in the middle of a lake, where they later built Tenochtitlan (present-day Mexico City) on top of.
- Much like Spain, bulls are often associated with Mexico too, due to both bullfighting and rodeo shows. Donkeys are also often associated with Mexico, partly because of similar cultural ties to Spain, and also because donkeys are commonly kept there as pack animals.
- Mexico has the Chihuahua and the Xoloitzcuintle (Mexican Hairless Dog) as their native dog breeds.
- Occasionally other animals such as burrowing owls and armadillos can also be as Mexican stereotypes. The Wild West Armadillo is sometimes portrayed as Mexican.
- Coyotes are also portrayed as Mexican, due to their name originating from the Nahuatl "coyotl," and also because of a literal pun on a certain type of border crosser.
- Roosters are portrayed as Mexicans because they are loud and temperamental, which is a Mexican stereotype.
- The Mexican states of Sonora and Sinaloa are sometimes represented by white-tailed deer, due to them being on Sinaloa's state flag and seal, Mazatlan in Sinaloa being named in reference to said deer, and to the Danza del Venado, The traditional deer dance done by the Yaqui and Mayo peoples.
- Axolotls sometimes show up in media, but unless it is a Mexican work, they are not portrayed as Mexican, let alone specifically Chilango, that much, despite being native to Mexico City.
- Jaguars, snakes, vampire bats, and quetzals when in Mexico, are more likely to be depicted as ancient Mesoamericans, due to their status as sacred animals in the Aztec and Mayan cultures. Quetzals and snakes are the inspiration for the Feathered Serpent, both the Mayan deity Kukulkan and the Aztec deity Quetzalcoatl. These Mexican animal stereotypes are shared with Central American countries.
ExamplesFilm - Animated
- Rango features a mariachi band of sombrero-wearing, Mexican-accented owls as well as an elderly, poncho-wearing armadillo.
- Oliver & Company has a Mexican-accented Chihuahua in the gang of dogs.
- In Cat City, vampire bats are portrayed as Mexican banditos.
- Panchito Pistoles, the Mexican caballero of The Three Caballeros is a loud, sombrero-wearing, pistol-packing rooster.
- Coco: Dante is Miguels Xoloitzcuintle who started out as a stray dog and becomes a spirit guide alebrije. Pepita is Imeldas winged jaguar spirit guide alebrije. Ernesto de la Cruz has Chihuahua alebrijes.
- An American fox and a Mexican donkey are crossing the border in opposite directions when they stumble on each other. "I'm sorry", says the fox. "I'm burry", says the donkey.
Film - Live-Action
- In Beverly Hills Chihuahua, Chihuahuas are portrayed as proud of their Mexican ancestry. Also, there is a literal coyote helping dogs cross the USA Mexico border.
- Quick Draw McGraw's sidekick Baba Looey is a sombrero-wearing Mexican burro.
- One of the four surviving Mayan gargoyles in Gargoyles has a large snake-like tail instead of legs and a face more reptilian looking than any other gargoyle in the series, being clearly inspired by the serpent-god Quetzalcoatl (he also has feathered wings).
- The Chihuahua dog in Foofur is named Pepe.
- The Tijuana soccer team has the xoloitzcuintle as its mascot; it appears on their badge and they are nicknamed "Xolos", for short.
- Central America includes the countries from Belize and Guatemala to Panama.
- Jaguars, snakes, vampire bats, and quetzals, when Central American, are likely to be depicted as ancient Mesoamericans, due to their status as sacred animals in the Aztec (Mexico and Guatemala) and Mayan (southern Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, and western Honduras) cultures. These Central American animal stereotypes are shared with Mexico.
- Parrots are also sometimes depicted as Central American due to certain species being native to there.
- Red eyed tree frogs, which range from southern Mexico to western Colombia (in South America) are likely to be depicted as Central American, especially Costa Rican.
- Occasionally other animals such as burrowing owls and armadillos can also be portrayed as Central American stereotypes.
Film - Animated
- In The Road to El Dorado, the main characters are followed by an armadillo after they arrive in Central America, and the villainous Tzekel-Kan uses his Blood Magic to animate a giant stone jaguar.
- The The Conquerors expansion of Age of Empires II changes the wolves and golden eagles in Mesoamerican maps to jaguars and long-tailed parrots, even though wolves and golden eagles were historically present in Mexico (in fact, the golden eagle was sacred to the Aztecs and that's why it's on Mexico's flag). As a result, jaguars will attack your (human) units constantly despite being notorious for being the only big cat with no known cases of maneaters in real life. The Aztec unique unit is the Jaguar Warrior, a clubman wearing a jaguar skin.
- The Caribbean includes Cuba, Haiti, Jamaica, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic, Dominica, Aruba, Trinidad and Tobago, The Virgin Islands, and the Bahamas. Bermuda is often lumped under this category.
- The Caribbean region is often associated with parrots, because the place is most well-known for The Golden Age of Piracy, and parrots are often seen as the pets of pirates.
- Crabs and lobsters are also considered emblematic of the area, due to its association with seafood.
- The country of Jamaica is associated with lions, due to the animals playing an important role in the Rastafarian religion (see the expression "Lion of Zion"), and because their mane can make them look like a Dreadlock Rasta.
- The Amazon Rainforest region often comes to mind when one thinks of "tropical jungle". Most notably there are jaguars, but a lot of other spectacular wildlife such as capybaras, New World monkeys like capuchin monkeys, sloths, armadillos, anteaters, boa snakes, parrots, toucans, etc. can be found here too. The Amazon River is also known for being the home of piranhas.
- Brazil is represented by some of the above-mentioned rainforest fauna (mainly the jaguar, which is one of Brazil's most notorious endangered species), but also by macaws, which are more endemic to tropical forests like the ones lining the South American Atlantic coast. Parrots are also likely to represent their country due to the species normally having green feathers, since along with yellow, green is one of the country's national colors (so, bonus points if the parrot also has a few yellow feathers).
- The countries of the Andes Mountains are associated with condors and (especially) llamas, due to their symbolic and economic importance, respectively, among native people of the area like the Quechua. A few rodents such as guinea pigs (despite their name) and chinchillas also originate here.
- The condor appears on the coat of arms of Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia and Chile. The vicuña (from a similar family to the llama's) is in Peru's.
- Those in the know about Argentina's gaucho cowboy traditionnote may associate the country with cows, sheep or horses.
- Argentina's national bird is the rufus hornero.
- The Argentinian advertising series La llama que llama ("The llama that calls'') uses llama puppets as mascots of a phone company. One of the llamas wears an Andean chullo.
- The Chilean anthropomorphic condor Condorito was created by Chilean cartoonist Pepo because he was disappointed about Chile being represented by a mail plane in Disney's Saludos Amigos.
Film - Animated
- During World War II, Disney tried to cover its loses on the European and Asian markets that were then unavailable by reaching out to Latin America. The result was Saludos Amigos, an animated film divided in four segments set in Latin America. The first segment ("Lake Titicaca") has Donald Duck getting in trouble with an obstinate llama in Bolivia. The fourth, "Aquarela do Brasil", introduces the Brazilian parrot José "Zé" Carioca as he shows his country to Donald ("Carioca" is the demonym for people from the city of Rio de Janeironote .
- José Carioca returned two years later as one of The Three Caballeros, and remains a popular Disney character in Brazil. The Three Caballeros also features birds of Antarctica and South America.
- The beginning of the Argentine/Uruguayan gaucho segment of that movie features a rufus hornero.
- The newsreader in the Brazilian version of Zootopia is a jaguar. Renato Manchas, the black jaguar limousine driver, has a Hispanic name and is voiced by Venezuelan-American actor Jesse Corti.
- In Rio, Brazilian birds such as parrots and toucans all share a love for samba music, Carnival and football (soccer).
- In Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World, South Americans are portrayed as various wildlife native to the continent, including jaguars, toucans, armadillos, anteaters and constrictor snakes.
- In Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone, the boa constrictor is portrayed as Brazilian, using the word "amigo" when talking to Harry. (The film adaptation changed the snake to a Burmese python and removed the word "amigo".)
- In The Lion's Cavalcade by Alan Aldridge and Harry Wilcock, a jaguar is queen of "Lost El Dorado". (This is partly because the joke of the scene is that the City of Gold is exclusively home to golden-coloured animals, but it fits this trope as well - as does the armadillo in her entourage).
- In The Muppet Show, the skit based on the song "I Go to Rio" heavily features parrots and iguanas.
- Savio, the Latin American-accented boa constrictor is a recurring antagonist in The Penguins of Madagascar.
- The 1943 Pluto short Pluto and the Armadillo has Pluto encountering a female armadillo while in Brazil.
- In the DuckTales (2017) episode "The Town Where Everyone Was Nice!", the citizens of a Brazilian town or so they seem are portrayed as birds that are found in South America, such as parrots, toucans, flamingos, and quetzals.
- Although there are no countries or permanent human habitation on the continent, Antarctica is best known for its penguins, so Antarcticans are most commonly portrayed as penguins.
- The opening and ending themes of A Place Further than the Universe contain shots of the four main characters as penguins.
- The Three Caballeros: The penguins in the first segment represent Antarcticans.
- The British Royal Family will often be portrayed as lions, partly because of the King of Beasts stereotype, but mostly because of the lion in the UK's coat of arms (despite the irony of modern lions not being even remotely native to the British Isles). note
- Nevertheless, lions are perhaps the most frequently used British national animal, as seen in political cartoons (like the one at the top of this page).
- Foxes are also often depicted as British, due to their association with with the sport of fox hunting, a traditional upper-class pastime. Foxes are also portrayed as Irish due to being the prey in fox hunts and the Irish being oppressed by the English historically.
- Britain, especially England, is sometimes associated with the toad, often to contrast the iconic French frog.
- The city of London is associated with ravens, due to the real-life ravens living in the Tower of London.
- England is most often associated with several breeds of dogs: the English Bulldog, the Corgi, the Beagle, and the Old English Sheepdog. The Bulldog's unique facial structure invokes the Stiff Upper Lip stereotype, the Corgi got famous as the pet of Queen Elizabeth II, the Beagle is associated with the traditional fox hunts, and the Old English Sheepdog has, well, "English" in its name.
- The mythical unicorn is historically associated with Scottish royalty. The Highland Cow (or Heilan Coo) and Scottish Wildcat represent the Scottish Highlands region.
- Scotland has the Rough Collie, Scottish Terrier, and Scottish Deerhound as typical dog breeds, they will be portrayed speaking with a Scottish accent, and occasionally fitting the Brave Scot or Violent Glaswegian stereotypes. The Scottish Deerhound will occasionally be confused with the Irish Wolfhound below (as Scotland and Ireland are often conflated together). Another Scottish dog breed, the golden retriever, on the other hand, is rarely portrayed as Scottish.
- Wales, on the other hand, is often associated with sheep (sometimes leading to zoophilia jokes about the Welsh people). Though the flag of Wales prominently features the reddish Welsh Dragon.
- Older depictions often associate the Irish with wolves, both due to an image as savages and to reflect wolves being more common and sacred in Ireland than in Britain.note As the native wolf population was driven to extinction this became largely a Dead Horse Trope, but a remnant can be seen in the national dog breed - the Irish Wolfhound - being one bred to fight them.
- Churchill, the British bulldog in the car insurance adverts, named after Winston Churchill.
- In The Muppet Show Comic Book, when Fozzie goes to another theatre with a Similar Squad, the counterpart to Sam the Eagle (see below) is a British bulldog.
- In Maus the British are portrayed as fish - presumably due to coming from a country surrounded by the sea and which derived its power from its navy, but also reflecting stereotypes of British stoicism and reserve (cf: "cold fish").
Film - Animated
- When it was revealed that the newsreader in Zootopia was going to change species in some countries, there was a persistent internet rumor that he was going to be a Corgi in the United Kingdom, and many British fans were disappointed when they found that the newsreader in their country was a moose like in the American version. In truth, the Zootopia crew never intended to include any dog breeds in the movie, and the only canines present are wolves and two species of foxes.
- Jock in Lady and the Tramp is a Scottish Terrier. The film also has a bulldog with a Cockney accent as a side character.
- King Richard and Prince John in Robin Hood are portrayed as lions. Robin and Marian are, of course, foxes.
- The Scottish King Fergus in Brave is accompanied by Scottish Deerhounds.
- The Colonel in 101 Dalmatians is an English Sheepdog who acts like a typical British officer. A Collie with a Noël Coward-like voice also appears.
- Angus in Ferdinand is a Highland bull that is voiced by David Tennant with a very heavy Scottish accent.
- Valiant features English pigeons. It's not the usual stereotype, but it's because the English actually used messenger pigeons in World War II.
Film - Live-Action
- The 1968 version of The Charge of the Light Brigade depicts Britain as a lion in its animated segments, one of which has him sic Bulldogs on the Russian Bear.
- Mary Poppins features an Irish fox which Bert saves from typical British fox hunters.
- The Queen of England in Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World is portrayed as a lioness; anthropomorphic ravens appear as the guards at the Tower of London in the same story. Also, Scottish Terriers are shown wearing kilt and playing the bagpipe in another story.
- The Lion and the Unicorn from Through the Looking-Glass are the animals from the United Kingdom's coat of arms, representing England and Scotland.
Live Action TV
- In the BBC Scotland Saturday Morning Kids Show Fully Booked, the obligatory puppet mascot was Morag the Highland Cow.
- The British pop star Lily Allen appears with two Corgis on the cover of her album Sheezus.
- In Around the World with Willy Fog, the Quintessential British Gentleman Willy Fog is a lion, while his opponents, the Clueless Detectives Dix and Bully, are a beagle and a bulldog, respectively.
- In Road Rovers, the anthropomorphic Rough Collie "Colleen" is from United Kingdom.
- On the Mickey Mouse (2013) short "One Man Band", the Queen of England is a Corgi.
- The Queen is also a Corgi in the 2015 version of Danger Mouse.
- The extremely Welsh Ivor the Engine has a red dragon called Idris.
- In contrast to the more human-looking Scottish ones, the London clan gargoyles in Gargoyles strongly resemble heraldic animals. The clan leader is a female winged humanoid unicorn and her mate is a winged humanoid lion.
- In The Adventures of Puss in Boots, Pajuna is a Highland cow with a strong Scottish accent and a tartan-trimmed skirt.
- The association of the French with frogs probably comes from the fact that frog legs are part of the French cuisine, thus foreigners (especially the British) tend to mockingly call them frog-eaters or simply frogs.
- Snails, also being part of the French cuisine, may also be portrayed as French stereotypes.
- Less frequently, chickens will also be portrayed as French, since the Gallic rooster (a.k.a. cockerel) is their national animal. The Gallic rooster also represents their strong temperament.
- Out of the dog breeds, Poodles will most often be portrayed as French - although the breed originated in Germany, their puffy fur resembles the wigs that French people used to wear in the distant past, and the breed was popular in Early Modern France.
- Despite the trope name Cheese-Eating Surrender Monkeys, French are rarely ever portrayed as monkeys.
- Skunks also tend to be portrayed as French, due to the popularity of Pepé Le Pew and stereotype of French people smelling bad. This is despite the fact that they're not native to France or anywhere in Europe.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In an aversion of the stereotype, in Cat Shit One the French are portrayed as pigs.
- In Maus, French people (most prominently, a prisoner in a death camp) are portrayed as frogs. This is both Discussed and Defied in a scene with the author's wife. He chooses frogs to represent the French because he wants a neutral animal, whether something like rabbits would make them seem too positive when the French have done both good and bad. He then asks her if she should be portrayed as a frog since she's French, but she insists she should be portrayed as a mouse like her husband (even though she wasn't born Jewish). They both appear as mice during this conversation.
- One short Asterix story featured a Gaulish rooster called Chanticleerix who outwitted a Roman Eagle.
- In a play on the rooster, Grandville portrays Marianne, the personification of France, as a hen.
- Hot off the heels of the Pepe le Pew cartoons, Pogo introduced Miz Mam'selle Hephzibah as the object of Porky Pine's affections... and, almost immediately afterward, almost every other male character's desire as well.
- Freddie as F.R.O.7 is a movie about a medieval French prince turned into a frog that then proceeded to become a special agent, and an immortal one at that. Many a gag in the movie is had at his superiors mistaking people affirming that yes, he is a frog as some kind of racist statement. Said superiors are also British, so...
- Le Frog and his henchmen from Flushed Away are French frogs who work as assassins. One of them is a mime. Le Frog himself is voiced by an actual French actor, Jean Reno.
- Downplayed in The Princess and the Frog: the frog-turned prince Naveen is from the fictional Ambiguously Brown kingdom of Maldonia, but his accent sounds vaguely French. He attempts to charm Tiana with Everything Sounds Sexier in French. The movie takes place in Louisiana, which has a heavy French-descended population, and French-sounding accents are common.
- Jean-Bob in The Swan Princess is a straight example of a French frog. He believes that he's a Bewitched Amphibian, but in fact he's just a delusional frog.
- Georgette the poodle in Oliver & Company is a rich French Jerk, though she is actually a Fauxreigner but her French name is clearly a nod to the stereotype.
- As an aversion of the stereotype, Valiant features French mice. It's because the movie takes place in World War II and the mice are La Résistance literally hiding underground from Nazi falcons.
- Plan 7 of 9 from Outer Space. Captain Proton makes contact with the Fish People of Deep Sea Nine — a frog-like humanoid wearing a red watch cap.
"I am an aquanaut! Why do you theenk I 'ave thees outrageous accent, you silly Queen of Rocket Men?"
Films - Live-Action
- In 102 Dalmatians Cruella notices some poodles while driving in France, which apparently inspire her to create a new dog-fur coat.
- On the animated segments of The Charge of the Light Brigade, France is represented by a cockerel.
- The main character in Pirates is a French boy who can swim better than anyone. His nickname is, of course, The Frog.
- The French main character in Perfume is named Jean-Baptiste Grenouille. Grenouille is French for "Frog".
- The three French hens are among the twelve things the narrator's true love gave to him in the Twelve Days Of Christmas song.
- A cartoon strip in now-defunct British satirical magazine Punch satirized Anglo-French relations through the medium of the Asterix comics; the French characters, throughout, were depicted as anthropomorphized frogs and snails with a deep-seated hatred of all things British. (This was at the height of the Lamb Wars, where imported British meat produce was routinely intercepted by annoyed French farmers and destroyed, whilst French police and authorities stood by and did not a lot.)
- Jean in Breath of Fire II is a humanoid frog who peppers his speech with Gratuitous French and has a reputation for preparing excellent cuisine (as long as you don't mind eating insects).
- The Gen VI of Pokémon introduced several new Mons based on France, as Kalos is clearly inspired on this country:
- The water starter of this region is a frog named Froakie. It could have been a coincidence if its evolution were not called Frogadier and Greninja (which are portmanteau names respectively containing the French words ''brigadier" and "grenouille"). For bonus point, Greninja uses its tongue as a scarf, an accessory stereotypically associated with French clothing style.
- Furfrou is poodle based on the French word "froufrou" (puff) and is In-Universe one of the favorite Pokémon of this region. Its fur is also customizable which is reminiscing of the real-life poodles being sometime made "fashionable" by their masters.
- Sly 2: Band of Thieves has frogs as some of the guards in the Paris episode, and the Big Bad of Sly Cooper: Thieves in Time, Cyrille Le Paradox, is a French Jerk skunk.
- Super Mario Odyssey has the locals of Bubbalaine look like snails, fitting the area's French Riviera aesthetic.
- In one "Treehouse of Terror" episode of The Simpsons, the French launch a nuclear attack on Springfield after Mayor Quimby insults them by calling them frogs. As the president approves the strike, he says "We'll see who is like the frog!", and all his cabinet members laugh in a Maurice Chevalier Accent that makes it sound like croaking, their throats inflating as they do.
- In this animated short, titled à la Française, people at the French royal court are depicted as chickens.
- Spain is most often associated with bulls, as the first half of the trope name Toros y Flamenco implies. The association comes from the traditional sport of bullfighting. Also due to the "Running of the Bulls" event in Pamplona.
- The bulls will always be black, despite fighting bulls also being available in brown, white, and spotted coats.
- Less often, donkeys and mules are also associated with Spain, probably because of the iconic image of Sancho Panza riding a donkey.
- The association of Spain with bulls or donkeys is often also shared with Mexico.
- Horses, if identified as coming from Spain, will almost always be Andalusian horses, and often also black. Even if not, they will be noted for their speed, strength, elegance, or simply for being better than other horses.
- The mascot of the brandy produced by the Spanish company Osborne. The large road ads that the company began to built in the 1950s trascended the company itself and became such a cultural icon that, when road ads were banned in Spain outside city limits in 1994, the signs were "indulted" due to popular acclaim and only required to have the "Osborne" letters blackened. Nowadays, the Osborne bull is often depicted in flags◊, bandanas, hats and tourist souvenirs. The association is so ironed that the signs have been subjected to vandalism from separatist groups and there have been attempts to replace it in some regions with other "national" animals like the Catalan donkey◊ and the Galician dairy cow◊.
Anime and Manga
- In Asterix In Spain, Astérix is captured by the Romans and thrown in the arena. He defiantly tells the Roman governor to release his lions, but he smugly replies that they don't have lions there, they have aurochs. The aurochs looks and acts like a stereotypical Spanish bull, and Astérix literally invents bullfighting while dealing with it.
Films - Animated
- The Spanish animated film Donkey Xote stars a Spanish donkey - who is Sancho Panza's donkey mount from Don Quixote (and the Expy of a more famous CGI donkey).
- In The Road to El Dorado, one of the animals that accompanies the main characters is Altivo (Spanish for Arrogant), the horse of Hernán Cortés.
Films - Live Action
- In all movie incarnations, Zorro's horse Tornado is a black Andalusian. Although actually played by a black Frisian in the first Antonio Banderas movie, the dialogue says that he is an Andalusian.
- In the original ending of The Eagle (2011), Esca makes plans to raise horses in Spain.
- In Gladiator, Maximus says that Spanish horses are some of the best and mentions owning two, named Argento and Scarto (a stealth reference to The Lone Ranger, because their names are Latin for "Silver" and "Scout").
- The children's book The Story of Ferdinand takes place in Spain, and stars a reluctant bull who would rather sit and smell the flowers than fight the matador.
- In A Song of Ice and Fire, the Fantasy Counterpart Culture of Spain, Dorne, is noted for its fast local breed of horse, which is based on Andalusian and Arabic horses.
- In the episode set in Barcelona of the The Young Indiana Jones Chronicles, the value of neutral Spain to the Entente war effort is reduced to the fact that they sell mules to be used as pack animals in the Western Front. Naturally, the climax takes place in a bullring.
- The Spanish in Age of Empires II have two unique cavalry units: the Conquistador and the Missionary. The conquistador rides a horse that is thinner and darker haired than other cavalry units, clearly meant to be an Andalusian. The missionary rides a donkey (the only unit that does). The Spanish have access to all cavalry technologies and as a result their cavalry is among the strongest in the game.
- In Jakers! The Adventures of Piggley Winks, Ferny's father Don Toro is a Spanish bull living in Ireland. (Ferny is short for Fernando. Interestingly, while Don Toro is the standard black bull, Ferny - who has an Irish accent - has a Fresien coat, emphasising the connection between his dad's accent and appearance.)
- In the Chip 'n Dale: Rescue Rangers episode "When Mice Were Men", the Rangers visit the fictional Spanish town Tramplonia. The main antagonist is a Spanish bull named "El Emenopio".
- The Spanish player in Hurricanes is named Toro (Spanish for "Bull") Contrais. Though human, he has stereotypical bull-like attributes, being large, bulky, broad-chested, raven-haired and overconfident in the field, and he hails from Pamplona.
- Germany is associated with its heraldic animal, a black-feathered Bundesadler eagle, which may be substituted with other birds of prey, such as falcons.
- The dog breeds associated with Germany are the Dachshund, the Doberman Pinscher, and sometimes the German Shepherd; the latter two will often be portrayed as Angry Guard Dogs, playing up the "Germans are strict, humorless people" stereotype.
- The city of Berlin is often associated with bears, due to the animal being on the city's coat of arms; this is a pun (German for "bear" is "Bär," pronounced exactly like the first syllable of "Berlin").
- Bavarians, on the other hand, will always be portrayed (or rather, like to portray themselves) as lions, since they're on their coat of arms.
- Citizens of Nazi Germany are sometimes portrayed as cats, since Cats Are Mean, especially when paired with Jewish mice.
- Also during the Nazi era, Germans are depicted as geese, due to its association with the goose-step, also the perception that the Mother Goose tales were originally German, hence the pun.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In Cat Shit One Germans are portrayed as foxes.
- In Maus, all non-Jewish Germans are portrayed as cats, regardless whether they are supporters of the Nazi Party or not. Jewish people are portrayed as mice.
Film - Animated
- Lady and the Tramp features a Dachshund named Fritz with a German accent.
- In Valiant, the Nazis are portrayed as falcons (not quite eagles, but another type of bird of prey). It is actually based on Truth in Television: in Nazi Germany, there were actual trained falcons whose task was to kill enemy homing pigeons.
- In Cats & Dogs, the German representative of the World Dog Council is a German Shepherd.
- The German series Hausmeister Krause parodies Vereinsmeierei, which means an overemphasized importance of a club membership in someone's life, as well as an overbearing importance of rules within the club. This gets perceived by Germans as being typically German. The club the protagonist Dieter Krause is in is a Dachshund club.
- In Road Rovers, the anthropomorphic Doberman "Blitz" is from Germany.
- Looney Tunes:
- In the short Herr Meets Hare, a Herman Goering caricature has a Dachshund as a hunting dog and an eagle as a hunting bird.
- In another short, Daffy - The Commando, the main antagonist is a Nazi commander named Von Vultur, a dark brown anthropomorphic vulture.
- The Alfred J. Kwak villain Dolf is essentially an anthropomorphic bird version of Adolf Hitler. While he is referred to as a crow, his character design with a crooked beak definitely recalls the German Imperial Eagle.
- Fritz in Foofur is a German Schnauzer (with Otto von Bismarck-like mustache).
- In Disney's Anne Frank, the evil Sgt. Olga has a Dachshund sidekick named Mr. Goebbels.
- Since most Scandinavian countries are monarchies, they also use lions in their heraldry.
- Scandinavian nations are perhaps best known for moose and reindeer (some people even confuse the two deer species). The former is mostly associated with Sweden, while the latter is kept as livestock by the Sami people of northern Scandinavia.
- Polar bears and occasionally Arctic foxes may be portrayed as Scandinavian due to living in the far north, even though these animals are actually fairly rare in Scandinavia.
- Finland's national animal used to be a bear, but they don't use it anymore due to the country distancing itself from Russia.
- Seabirds such as puffins may also be associated with Nordic countries, particularly Denmark and Iceland.
- Walruses are also heavily associated with the Nordic countries, due to playing an important role in the folklore and religion of the Arctic peoples.
- Norwegian Forest Cats, due to being shown pulling Freya's chariot, sometimes represent Norway.
- Moose are sometimes used for IKEA ads or products.
Anime and Manga
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, Iceland has a pet puffin.
- In Maus the Swedes are portrayed as reindeer.
Film - Animated
- In Penguins of Madagascar, Corporal the polar bear is Norwegian (although he's voiced by the Swedish actor Peter Stormare).
- In Frozen, the Sami ice miner Kristoff owns a pet reindeer named Sven.
- In Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World the Sami are portrayed as reindeer-herding arctic foxes.
- In His Dark Materials the Panserbjørne, a race of intelligent, armor-wearing polar bears, is associated with the island of Svalbard.
- The Swedish comic strip Hälge stars an anthropomorphic moose.
- Scandinavia and the World:
- In one strip, all Nordic countries' heraldic lions are mocked. Finland's lion gets it worst: it's holding a sword, but it is unfortunately drawn in perspective to make it appear as if it has stabbed itself in the head. The comic with the "Retarded Lion", or, as the comic's author Humon prefers to call it, "Special Lion", is one of her personal favourites , and fans of the webcomic also love the poor unfortunate creature.
- Another strip has a National Animal Show, with England, Norway and Netherlands all glaring at each other in front of identical lions. Brother France and his rooster watch from the sidelines.
- Hans the puffin in The Penguins of Madagascar is Danish.
- The "Moose Crossing" street sign is often used as a visual cue for Sweden.
- The Moose test, a performance test for automobiles originating from Sweden.
- Switzerland and Austria may occasionally show up, portrayed as Yodel Land. Liechtenstein, although also in the general Alps region, rarely shows up.
- Bears may be represented as Swiss due to being the country's heraldic animal.
- Goats because they are found in alpine areas.
- Out of the dog breeds, Bernese Mountain Dogs or St. Bernards, as they originate from Switzerland where they were bred as rescue dogs.
- The Swiss may also be a represented by the cow due to their iconic status in Switzerland.
- Austria, when not portrayed as another Yodel Land, may also be represented by its heraldic birds, the two-headed eagle and the black feathered Bundesadler eagle.
- In Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World, the Swiss are portrayed as mountain goats.
- In Road Rovers, the anthropomorphic Sheepdog "Shag" is from Switzerland
- The Roman Empire was associated with the wolf (particularly the she-wolf) due to the legend of Romulus and Remus, and also the eagle. The wolf sometimes carries over to modern-day Italy, especially Rome itself.
- The double-headed eagle associated with many eastern European countries originated with the split of the Roman Empire into east and west, with the Eastern Roman Empire becoming the Byzantine Empire after the west fell.
- Venice, the Italian city famous for its waterway and canal streets, may be represented by the gryphon.
- Bears (both brown and polar) are commonly chosen to represent Russia, as they are very big and strong beasts, thus ideal for the Husky Russkie and Mother Russia Makes You Strong stereotypes. Also Bears Are Bad News, and during the Cold War, Soviet Russia was certainly bad news for the Western world. Also see the trope Make the Bear Angry Again (which refers to Western anxieties about post-Soviet Russia).
- A bear was originally featured on the coat of arms of Novgorod, a "feudal republic" in the Northwestern part of Russia, that was first politically subdued and then conquered and absorbed by the Russian grand prince Ivan III in the 15th century.
- Since then, the official Russian heraldic symbol was a Byzantine two-headed eagle, but most foreigners still associate Russia with bears — and these days, so do many of the Russians, including leaders of the ruling party. Thus, in political cartoons, Russia (and earlier, the USSR and the Russian Empire) is often depicted as a bear.
- Less frequently, the Siberian tiger will also be portrayed as a Russian stereotype, as they are native to the Russian Far East, and their size and strength also fit the Husky Russkie stereotype very well.
- It's not as popular as the bear or tiger, but Russia is sometimes associated with the grey wolf, due to the stereotype of Russians being tough as all hell, and the fact that there is a fairly large population of grey wolves in Russia. Whether this association is used to portray Russians as brave and fearless or cruel and ruthless depends on the author's opinion of Russia.
- Out of the dog breeds, the Siberian Husky may be portrayed as a literal Husky Russkie; and the Borzoi (Russian Wolfhound), associated with Tsarist Russia, is also common.
- The Russian Blue cat breed is sometimes associated with Russia.
- In the 19th century, it was almost as common for comical maps to represent Russia as an Octopus, particularly if the author was anti-Russian and wanted to depict the Russian Empire as expansionist, but this is now a Forgotten Trope.
- Masha and The Bear, a Russian cartoon, has bears as the main characters as well as the lead bear having a Siberian tiger friend.
- Squirrel and Hedgehog: Russians are represented as bears, and are the unreliable allies of the heroic North Korean squirrels and hedgehogs against the villainous South Korean rats and weasels and American wolves and foxes.
Anime & Manga
- In Cat Shit One bears represent the Soviets.
- Ursa Major, a part of Russian Avengers from Marvel Comics
- Blacksad: In the album Red Soul, a Russian émigré artist is depicted as an old brown bear.
Films — Animation
- Vitaly, the Russian-accented Siberian Tiger is The Leader of the circus gang in Madagascar III. The minor character Sonya, while a non-anthropomorphic bear, also has a Russian-sounding name.
- Boris the Russian Wolfhound in Lady and the Tramp, who is fond of quoting Dostoevsky.
- Zootopia has a polar bear character with the Russian-sounding name Koslov. He was originally intended to be a more prominent character, head of a Russian-type mafia, complete with the accent, but in the final film he's a non-speaking henchman of the Italian-accented shrew mafioso Mr. Big. Other polar bear mobsters wear attire stereotypical of Russian mobsters, like tracksuits and golden chains.
- In Sing, Mike the mouse is in debt of a trio of Russian-accented gangster brown bears who keep pursuing him over the course of the movie.
Films — Live Action
- Zaschitniki ("The Guardians", or "The Defenders") the Russian version of The Avengers, includes a half-man, half-bear superhero.
- One story in Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World stars a bear dentist from Russia.
- Mega Man X5. Grizzly Slash the bear Reploid is shown to have a base in Russia for his Arms Dealer business.
- Red Alert 3 allows the Soviets to train armoured "war bears".
- Vladimir Goudenov Grizzlikof, the Russian S.H.U.S.H. Agent in Darkwing Duck, is a bear.
- In Road Rovers, the anthropomorphic Siberian Husky "Exile" is from Russia.
- In TaleSpin Russians are represented by boars in the USSR-parody country of Thembria. Boars are normally not the animal use for Russians or Soviets but they are a native species of Russia and one of their species is known as the Eurasian Wildboar.
- The 1980 Moscow Olympic Games mascot was a bear called Misha.
- The trio of 2014 Sochi Olympic Games mascots also includes a bear — this time, a polar one.
- The Brazilian cartoons produced for the Rio 2016 games have a skateboarding Russian bear as one of the athletes in the Olympic Village, perhaps in homage to the above.
- There is an internet meme about Russian president Vladimir Putin riding a bear.
- Due to Small Reference Pools, the following nations not mentioned above are rarely depicted in media:
- Most Eastern European countries get the Ruritania/Überwald treatment in media, lacking a clear animal stereotype. Wolves might be portrayed as coming from this area, due to their association with werewolves; and similarly, bats may also show up due to their association with vampires.
- Poland is sometimes represented with its heraldic white eagle, which is based on its national bird the white tailed eagle. Poland is also represented by pigs sometimes, as the Nazis called them "schwein" (German for pig).
- Balkan nations such as Bulgaria and Serbia can identify with the heraldic animals they've had since the Middle Ages, a golden lion for Bulgaria and a white double-headed eagle, derived from the Byzantine one, for Serbia.
- European Jews will occasionally be portrayed as mice, especially when paired with Nazi (or otherwise antisemitic) cats in a World War II setting. European Jews were often portrayed as rats, but the rats portrayal is more rarely used in the modern day because it is perceived as too negative.
- Romani people (otherwise known as Gypsies) will occasionally be portrayed as gypsy moths, as a play on the name of the species (the gypsy moth originates from North America, and is considered a pest in Europe). They might also be associated with magpies due to the Thieving Magpie stereotype (Romani are often stereotyped as low-life thieves and con-artists) and the black feathers (the Romani originated in India and despite centuries of intermarriage with Europeans they still have darker skin and hair on average than most of their neighbors).
- Ancient Greece was associated with the dolphin, due to the importance of maritime trade. The city of Athens is associated with the owl, as was its patron goddess Athena.
- All Jewish people are portrayed as mice, to play up the Jewish mouse - Nazi cat association.
- Polish people are portrayed as pigs (due to the "schwein" slur mentioned above).
- One gypsy woman is portrayed as a moth.
Film - Animated
- An American Tail shows Jewish mice hunted by cats.
- In Disney's Anne Frank, Anne has a Jewish mouse sidekick.
- Dromedary camels are common domestic animals throughout the Middle East region, especially among Bedouin desert nomads, therefore they will often be portrayed as Middle Eastern (usually Arab) stereotypes. Naturally, Arabian horses are also a common sight in this setting.
- Donkeys, goats, and sheep will also be portrayed as Middle Eastern, as these species are often bred there as livestock.
- Arab countries often use the golden eagle and hawk as symbols (mostly notably on the Egyptian flag and coat of arms). The former is supposed to have been the sigil of Saladin and his house, and thus represents Arab resistance to European domination; the latter is a symbol of the Quraish tribe, of which The Prophet Muhammad was a member.
- Within the region, lions are often associated with both Iraq and Israel: Iraq, because of ancient Mesopotamian (particularly Assyrian and Babylonian) depictions of the animal; and Israel, because of the "Lion of Judah". A rampant lion is on the emblem of Jerusalem, Israel's capital.
- Persia/Iran has been portrayed by the Persian cat in political cartoons.
- Also, wolves are associated with Turkey and other Turkic peoples. They even provide the name of the Grey Wolves, an infamous Turkish nationalist militia.
- Turkey, especially the city Istanbul, is also associated with cats, due to their prevalence there. Turkey is known for cat breeds like the Turkish Angora, named for the capital Ankara; and the water-loving Turkish Van, named for Lake Van.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In Cat Shit One camels, sheep and goats represent the Middle Easterners.
- Serafettin the Bad Cat is a Turkish comic book taking place in Istanbul, starring a foul-mouthed cat.
- Though camels are available to half the civilizations in Age of Empires II, the strongest are trained by the Saracens (Arabs). Before the release of the expansion The African Kingdoms, the Saracens were also the only civilization with two camel units: the usual Camel (a Muslim-looking rider on top of a dromedary) and the mid-ranged Mameluke, who rides a Bactrian camel.
- Tigers and Asian elephants are the two most iconic animals that represent India. Both animals are strongly associated with Hindu Mythology, with tigers pulling the carriage of the goddess Durga, and the god Ganesh having an elephant head.
- Leopards, both black and spotted, sometimes represent India.
- Monkeys also tend to show up in India, as they can be found hanging around in both jungles and big cities alike. The Hindu god Hanuman has monkey-like features. If a specific species is shown, it is likely a langur, a bonnet macaque, or a rhesus macaque, which are native to South Asia.
- Cobras are also often portrayed as being from India, primarily because of snake charmers. Also, the naga creatures of Hindu mythology resemble cobras or other snakes. Due to their association with fighting cobras, though, there will be an occasional mongoose following along.
- Zebu cattle will also be portrayed as Indian, mostly due to their popular reverence as "sacred cows" by Hindus.
ExamplesFilm - Animated
- Disney's Aladdin takes place in the fictional Middle Eastern kingdom Agrabah, which seems to be a mix between Arabian and Indian culture. The latter is reinforced by Princess Jasmine owning a pet tiger, Aladdin getting an elephant (actually his shapeshifted monkey sidekick Abu) as a mount, and the villain Jafar having cobras as his Animal Motifs. note
- In Zootopia, there is an Asian Elephant yoga teacher with the Indian-sounding name Nangi. She's nude because she is part of a "naturalist" club, but she is covered in henna tattoos.
- In the Mickey Mouse (2013) short Mumbai Madness, the passenger is an anthropomorphic Asian Elephant (implied to be Ganesh himself).
- In Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World, a tiger is the main character in a story that takes place in India. Cobras and elephants appear as background characters.
- In The Lion's Cavalcade by Alan Aldridge and Harry Wilcock, the acts in the Cavalcade include an elephant fakir and "the pyrotechnic Tiger of Royal Bengal".
- The Indian unique unit in the Age of Empires II expansion The Forgotten is an archer riding, of course, an Asian elephant. However, the other civilization with an elephant unique unit, the Persians, has African elephants, despite the Persians historically getting their elephants from India.
- Sly 2: Band of Thieves has Rajan, a tiger, as the antagonist of the India episodes, and some of his guards are monkeys.
- Elephants in Around the World with Willy Fog are non-sentient, so most funny animals in the show's version of India are cats and many of them are tigers. Princess Romy is a black panther, likely to make her stand out from the rest.
- Two-part episode of TaleSpin "For Whom the Bell Klangs" is located in some Indian-looking fictional country with a King Cobra villain and the rest of the natives as gray wolves.
- Sunil Nevla in Littlest Pet Shop (2012) speaks with a rather thick, stereotypical Indian accent, as are all other mongooses in the series. His name is also Hindi for "cyan mongoose." Another mongoose, Shahrukh, is a Bollywood star and engages in a musical number very much like what you'd expect to find in a Bollywood movie.
- The animals that are most commonly associated with China are pandas, which are native to the country, and their iconic appearance makes them ideal for a national mascot (and a good opportunity for exploiting their cuteness).
- The other "animal" most commonly associated with the country is actually a mythical creature, the dragon (or more specifically, the Chinese Dragon). A dragon was even prominently featured on the Qing Dynasty flag.
- Just like with other Asian countries, tigers sometimes show up too, especially when paired with dragons.
- Monkeys also have their place in Chinese culture, due to Sun Wukong being a monkey-like trickster god.
- Out of dog breeds, the Shar-pei, the Pug, and the Pekinese may represent the Chinese.
- Less often, the other animals of the Eastern Zodiac (rat, ox, tiger, rabbit, dragon, snake, horse, sheep, monkey, rooster, dog, and pig) may be portrayed as Chinese, as the zodiac is mostly associated with China by Westerners.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In Cat Shit One pandas represent the Chinese.
- Kung Fu Panda takes place in a World of Funny Animals version of ancient China. Most (although not all) characters are based on animals native to China, but the main character, Po, is a panda. His title as "Dragon Warrior" makes him a double example. Two of the major supporting characters are Master Tigress, a female tiger, and Master Monkey (guess), voiced by Jackie Chan, who fights with a staff in a similar manner to Sun Wukong.
- The newsreader in the Chinese version of Zootopia is a panda.
- One of the heroine's sidekicks in Mulan is a small Eastern Dragon named Mushu (who, for some reason, is voiced by Eddie Murphy and thus talks with an African-American accent rather than a Chinese one).
- In Cats & Dogs, the Chinese representative of the World Dog Council is a shar-pei.
- In Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World, the story taking place in China stars pandas.
- The Pandaren race in World of Warcraft are humanoid pandas with a culture clearly inspired by China.
- Freedom Planet is set in world whose Fantasy Counterpart Culture is primarily China and is inhabited by Funny Animals. As a result, all of the native characters are of species that can be found in modern-day China, including several giant pandas. Mayor Zhao also highly resembles a red panda. The protagonist, Lilac, is an Eastern Dragon, though with so many liberties taken that she doesn't really look like one at all.
- Fu Dog from American Dragon: Jake Long is a Shar-pei who is peers with the Chinese-American dragon.
- The TaleSpin episode "Last Horizons" features the lost kingdom Panda-La, inhabited by pandas portrayed as stereotypical Chinese - in fact so stereotypical that the episode was banned due to being considered racist.
- In Around the World with Willy Fog, where ship captains tend to be bears for some reason, the one Chinese captain is a panda.
- In DuckTales (2017), some of the staff of the Chinese-style casino "House of Lucky Fortune" are anthropomorphic pandas.
- Penny Ling in Littlest Pet Shop (2012) is a panda, and her immediate family lives in Shanghai. That being said, Penny herself does not embody any Chinese stereotypes, instead fully embracing the North American setting where she lives, and when she meets said family in "Shanghai Hi-Jinks," Penny is unable to find any common ground with them.
- Raccoon dogs are animals that are endemic to Japan and play a large role in Japanese folklore, therefore will be occasionally portrayed as Japanese stereotypes.
- Foxes also play an important role in Japanese myths, therefore Japanese foxes may also pop up in media from time to time.
- Perhaps the most well-known dog breed from Japan is the Shiba Inu. Foreigners may be familiar with the Doge meme, which involves funny pictures of a Shiba Inu dog. The Akita is another, less often seen dog breed associated with the country.
- Calico cats are associated with Japan due to being highly auspicious there. The Maneki Neko ("beckoning cat") figure is a popular talisman originating from Japan; the cat is most often a calico cat.
- Japan also has the Japanese Bobtail cat breed and is also known for bob-tailed housecats in general. Even cats in general portray Japan, as the country has a great love for cats.
- Monkeys are also occasionally associated with Japan, due to Japanese macaques (snow monkeys) being native to the country. And they'll always be shown relaxing in natural hot springs in the mountains during winter.
- Sometimes, Japan may be associated with the octopus, due to Japan being an expansionist empire before and during World War II, not to mention certain stereotypes about erotic anime. Another (more tame) reason is that octopus meat is an occasional ingredient in sushi, and a main ingredient in takoyaki, a popular Japanese street food.
- Japanese Carp (koi) are sometimes seen, due to the Japanese tradition of keeping/breeding them.
- The Imperial Japanese were portrayed as rats in Wartime Propaganda during World War II.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In Cat Shit One the Japanese are portrayed as monkeys.
Film - Animated
- The newsreader in the Japanese version of Zootopia is a tanuki.
- In Big Hero 6, the Hamada family owns a calico Japanese bobtail cat named Mochi. The Hamadas live in the fictional city San Fransokyo, which is partly inspired by Tokyo, and the Hamadas have a Japanese family name.
- In Sing, there is a Japanese Pop Music Girl Group of red pandas participating in the singing contest. A case of Interchangeable Asian Cultures and/or Misplaced Wildlife, as red pandas are native to China, not Japan.
- In Around the World with Willy Fog, the Yokohama police chief that angrily reminds Dix and Bully that Japan is not a British colony and that their arrest order against Fog is worthless there is a fox. Meanwhile, Rigodon and Tico are guests in the humble home of two Japanese macaques.
- In DuckTales (2017), one of the villains is a Japanese Mad Scientist named Dr. Akita. He's an Akita dog.
- Koreans have an affinity to the tiger and is considered their national animal.
- Sometimes, Koreans are portrayed as dogs, due to their infamous but largely disappearing stereotype of eating dog-meat.
- North Korea is represented by it's national animal, a mythical winged horse called the Chollima.
ExamplesAnime & Manga
- Koreans in Cat Shit One are portrayed as dogs.
- The Korean National Football Team's crest features a white tiger.
- Central Asian countries like Kazakhstan, Mongolia (generally considered part of East Asia, though culturally related to Central Asia), and Uzbekistan are seldom seen in media, and when they are (and are not conflated with Eastern or Western Asia), they are depicted as steppe nomads from the time of Genghis Khan.
- As mentioned above in Western Asia, Wolves are associated with Turkic peoples, and the Savage Wolves stereotype matches with the foreign idea of the savage horde.
- Horses can also appear due to their association with horse-riding nomads, as well as some of the other common domestic animals of the area, such as goats, yaks, and bactrian camels.
- Birds of prey like falcons and eagles are also often associated with these countries due to falconry (i.e. hunting with tamed birds of prey) being a common practice there.
ExamplesFilm - Animated
- In Mulan, the Hunnote leader Shan Yu has a pet falcon named Hayabusa.
- In Johnny Corncob, Tatars (a Turkic ethnicity affiliated with the Mongol Empire) are depicted as dog-people, due to the term "dog-headed Tatar" used in the original poem, referring to the Tatar invaders of Hungary in the 1200s. The cartoon takes the expression very literal, as the Hungarian Hussars can distract the Tatars by throwing them chicken bones.
- Cats, particularly Siamese cats are often associated with Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries. Older works often portray Siamese cats as a generic (and often very offensive) East Asian stereotype in the vein of Yellow Peril.
- Tigers, being native to the area, are also a common choice, despite being endangered and much rarer now.
- Elephants are also native to the region and a frequent choice when representing the region's traditional monarchies. As Thailand is the last remaining traditional monarchy in the area, the link comes most often in a Thai context. White elephants in particular are often seen as distinctively Southeast Asian, as they were considered sacred (and therefore expensive to maintain, since you couldn't put them to work—hence the term White Elephant).
- Other Southeast Asians are usually portrayed in their own media as water buffaloes, hard-working, but stubborn-headed; they are a common beast-of-man there.
- Singapore has the merlion, a mythical creature with the head and body of a lion and the tail of a fish.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In Cat Shit One the Vietnamese are portrayed as cats - hence the title, as the story takes place during The Vietnam War and its protagonists are American soldiers.
Film - Animated
- In Lady and the Tramp, a duo of slit-eyed, buck-toothed and mean Siamese cats antagonize Lady.
- In The Aristocats, a Siamese cat with a similar character design to the characters in Lady and the Tramp, playing the piano with chopsticks and singing in an Asian accent, is the member of Scat Cat's music band.
- In a Spanish cartoon series based on Sandokan, the main character, known as "the Tiger of Malaysia", is portrayed as literally an anthropomorphic tiger.
- The Japanese investors that visit Megacat City in SWAT Kats always alongside the mayor are siamese cats. They are presented always as polite and friendly and not the Yellow Peril steteotype though.
- As Northern Africa is usually considered (both culturally and geographically) an extension of the Middle East (which we named as "Western Asia" in a folder way above this one), other familiar desert animals, such as dromedary camels, horses, donkeys, goats, sheep, etc. will often be used for North African Arab countries as well. See the "Western Asia" folder for more details.
- Egyptians will often be represented by the various animals that were venerated in Ancient Egyptian Mythology as certain animal-headed gods; including cats (Bastet), jackals (Anubis), falcons (Ra and Horus), Nile crocodiles (Sobek), hippopotami (Set), and ibises (Thoth), the latter two also being characteristic Nile River animals note .
- Modern Egypt is sometimes represented by its national bird, the steppe eagle.
- In the The African Kingdoms expansion of Age of Empires II, the North African Berbers are one of two civilizations with two camel units (the other being the Saracens): the common Camel rider and the long ranged Camel Archer.
- Alfred J. Kwak: The Egyptians are mainly represented by cats, due to the association between Ancient Egypt and cats.
- The antagonist Mirage from Aladdin: The Series is an evil goddess with the appearance of a cat-headed woman, designed after the Egyptian goddess Bastet, and carrying an Ancient Egypt aesthetic.
- In DuckTales (2017), Egyptians serving the pharaoh Toth-Ra (himself a gigantic falcon-man) are depicted as anthropomorphic falcons and jackals.
- In media, all of Sub-Saharan Africa will usually be condensed into just one generic country/region, covered by savannas and rainforests. A lot of iconic African wildlife are very strongly associated with the continent; including but not limited to African elephants (national animal of the Ivory Coast), giraffes (national animal of Tanzania), lions (national animal of Sierra Leone, Gambia, Kenya, Ethiopia, and Togo), leopards (national animal of Gabon, Somalia, and Rwanda), cheetahs, monkeys including mandrills and baboons, chimpanzees, Nile crocodiles, etc. But these animals, despite being the most commonly depicted animals in media, will rarely be portrayed as African stereotypes.
- In the case that predators are used to represent Africa, more admirable-looking creatures, like big cats, will represent the mighty kingdoms of the past, while newer depictions may show them as jackals or hyenas.
- Zebras (national animal of Botswana) seem to be commonly portrayed as African, though, particularly when contrasted to Eurasian/American/Amerindian horses. Centaurs whose top part looks like a black human will tend to have a zebra as their bottom part.
- Occasionally, Cape buffaloes, rhinos, and gorillas will be portrayed as the Scary Black Man stereotype, due to their menacing appearances, and (in the case of the buffaloes and gorillas), having black fur.
- Hippos, if their (black) African heritage is acknowledged, might be portrayed as a Sassy Black Woman.
- Africa is well-known for being home to numerous species of Old World monkeys, apes, and other primates (including but not limited to the aforementioned baboons, chimpanzees, gorillas, etc). However, explicitly attaching ethnic/racial stereotypes of any group of people onto non-human primates (especially catarrhines like the aforementioned monkeys, baboons, chimps, and gorillas) is extremely controversial, because words such as "ape" and "monkey" have been used as racist slurs, especially against black people.note
- In Black Panther, the royal family of the fictional African kingdom Wakanda has black panthers as their Animal Motifsnote . Among his enemies, Madame Slay has a spotted leopard motif and M'Baku a.k.a. the Man-Ape has a Killer Gorilla motif.
Film - Animated
- In Fantasia, Bacchus is accompanied by two female centaurs whose top half is an African woman and bottom part is a zebra.
- In Zootopia, the strict police chief Bogo is a Cape buffalo with an African-sounding name (coming from the Swahili word m'bogo, meaning Cape buffalo) who fits the Scary Black Man stereotype. Bogo is played by Afro-British actor Idris Elba, who is of Ghanaian and Sierra Leonean descent.
- In the Madagascar films, the four main characters are all African animal species, but all of them are voiced by American actors and behave as such. Marty the zebra and Gloria the hippo are voiced by black actors, but fit African-American stereotypes (the former being a Jive Turkey and the latter being a Sassy Black Woman). In the second movie, however, African lions apply tribal war paint before a ritual brawl, and giraffes have dance moves based on Masai warriors and appoint Melman as their Witch Doctor.
- The characters in The Lion King (1994) have Swahili names and occasionally use Swahili phrases (Timon and Pumbaa's motto "Hakuna Matata", for one). However, only four of the main characters are voiced by African-Americans, and only one, the shaman baboon Rafiki, has an African accent.
- In a story in Richard Scarry's Busy, Busy World, zebras are portrayed as spear-wielding African natives.
- In The Neverending Story, there's a centaur whose human part is an African man, while his horse part is a zebra.
- Zecora the Zebra in My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic is portrayed as an African Witch Doctor, in contrast to the American- or British-accented horse cast.
- In Tinga Tinga Tales, all African animals speak with an African accent and use some Gratuitious Swahili. Hippo, in particular, is portrayed as a Sassy Black Woman.
- Though devoid of Funny Animals, the one African player in Hurricanes is named Zambia Zebras. He is from Zambia.
- In TaleSpin's episode "Double or Nothing" Baloo and Kit visit what seem to be a Northern African desert country populated by hippos (hippos are natives of North Africa).
- While lemurs are the most iconic animals of Madagascar, they are also Seldom-Seen Species in media and the country is also rarely featured outside of nature documentaries, so this national animal stereotype is rarely used.
- When lemurs are used, it is most frequently Madagascar's national animal, the ring tailed lemur that is used.
- While dodo birds are commonly portrayed in media, they are seldom portrayed as being from their native Mauritius, let alone represent Mauritians, so this is national animal is rarely used this way.
- Australian Wildlife provides us a high number of interesting species that are associated with the Land Down Under. These animals will usually be portrayed with a heavy Aussie accent, and often fitting the Awesome Aussie stereotype.
- To state the obvious, kangaroos represent Australia, but koalas aren't far behind. Occasionally dingoes, emus, cassowaries, and saltwater crocodiles will also make the cut.
- Surprisingly, despite their popularity, the platypus is rarely acknowledged to be an Australian species and more rarely a national animal stereotype for Australia (although it is New South Wales' state animal and appears on the Australian 20 cent coin). While koalas are not Australian national stereotype animals a fair amount of the time, they are one far more of the time than platypodes are.
- Some Australian states and territories have their own animal stereotypes: Queensland has the cane toad (an introduced invasive species) and, along with the Northern Territory, the saltwater crocodile; South Australia has the crow; Tasmania the Tasmanian devil and the now-extinct thylacine (also nicknamed the "Tasmanian tiger" or "Tasmanian wolf"); and Western Australia the black swan, which was first discovered in what is now known as the Swan River, Perth's main watercourse, and occasionally the numbat (the official state animal) or the quokka (especially for Rottnest Island). A full list of Australian state animals, birds and fish can be found here.
- Aside from the aforementioned dingoes (which, although of the very same subspecies as the domestic dog, are wild and untamed), dog breeds associated with Australia include the Australian Terrier, Kelpie (Australian Sheepdog), and Blue Heeler (Australian Cattle Dog).
- Kylie the Kangaroo in the UK Coco Pops adverts is Australian, and the only character to have a non-English accent (even though the others are all African animals).
- In Cat Shit One kangaroos represent Australians.
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, Australia owns a pet koala.
- An early villain of Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew! was "Kongarilla", a kangaroo turned into a giant by a secret organization. Kongaroo hailed from "Aukstralia" (Earth-C's version of Australia).
Film - Animated
- The newsreader in the Australian version of Zootopia is a koala.
- In The Rescuers Down Under, most Australian animals speak with an Aussie accent, but Jake the Kangaroo Mouse nails the stereotype by wearing a khaki shirt, a slouch hat and carrying a boomerang while being an Awesome Aussie.
- Team Fortress 2's Engineer Update introduced us to Australium, an element that has a man boxing a kangaroo engraved onto its ingots, and its nucleus features two kangaroos boxing. It's also apparently how Australians choose their king.
- Sheila from Spyro: Year of the Dragon is an Action Girl kangaroo with an Australian accent.
- Crash Bandicoot 3: Warped: Dingodile is a mix of a dingo and a crocodile, and talks with an Australian accent. Many of the other characters, including Crash himself, are also based on Australian animals, but Dingodile is the only one who really plays up the stereotype.
- An episode of the old Rankin/Bass animated series Tales of the Wizard of Oz had one named Boomer Rang (complete with boxing gloves and a heavy Australian accent when he speaks), whom the scarecrow (named Socrates in this series) is a big fan of, but when he accidentally knocks out the champion marsupial, he is forced to fight Boomer Rang in the ring. Needless to say, things don't go well.
- In The Penguins of Madagascar, both Joey the kangaroo and Leonard the koala speak with Aussie accents.
- The main character of Rocko's Modern Life is a wallaby with an Aussie accent.
- The Tasmanian government tried to use the Looney Tunes character in publicity to encourage tourism, but was never able to settle a deal with Warner Bros.. On the other hand, WB and the Tasmanian government did collaborate in a campaign using Taz' stuffed toys in order to fund the preservation of the Tasmanian Devil as it is an endangered species.
- The kangaroo and emu appear on the Australian coat of arms.
- Several Australian sports teams are named after Australian Wildlife:
- Kangaroos: Rugby League
- Wallabies: Rugby Union
- Socceroos: Men's soccer
- Matildas (slang term for a female kangaroo): Women's soccer
- Joeys (a young marsupial, usually referring to a kangaroo): Under-17 boys' soccer
- Hockeyroos: Women's (field) hockey
- Mighty Roos: Men's ice hockey
- Boomers (term for a male kangaroo): Men's basketball
- Wallaroos (umbrella term for kangaroos and related species): Women's rugby union
- Kookaburras: Men's (field) hockey
- Sharks: Men's water polo
- Stingers: Women's water polo
- Drop Bears: Quidditch
- Not an official nickname, but in Rugby League, the Queensland State of Origin team is often called the "Cane Toads"
- The Townsville Crocodiles in basketball.
- The Adelaide Crows in Australian Rules Football
- The Hobart Devils basketball team (now defunct)
- The Tasmanian Cricket team is nicknamed the Tigers (after the thylacine, not the actual tiger)
- Not actually West Australian-based, but Australian Rules Football team the South Melbourne (now Sydney) Swans were so named because of the large numbers of Western Australians in their side.
- Northern Territorians are sometimes nicknamed "Croc bait".
- South Australians are sometimes nicknamed "Croweaters", since the bird on the state coat of arms resembles a transfixed crow (it's actually a Piping Shrike).
- Swan Lager is a brand of Western Australian beer.
- A black swan is depicted on the Western Australian state flag.
- The mascots for the Sydney 2000 Olympic games were a echidna, platypus and kookaburra, in part to provide a Land, Sea, Sky combination and in part because organisers thought kangaroos and koalas were overused. The official mascots, however, were overshadowed by Fatso the Fat-Arsed Wombat, created by comedians HG Nelson and Roy Slaven for the TV show The Dream,
- The kiwi bird is native to New Zealand, being a national mascot and appearing in the country's coat of arms. "Kiwi" is a common nickname for people from New Zealand (and also gave the current name for the kiwi fruit, which is actually from China). Their adorable appearance certainly helps.
- The other animal often associated with New Zealand (and shared with Wales, see above) is the sheep, which is indeed very commonly kept as livestock on these islands.
- Thanks to a certain NZ-based special effects company, the weta cricket is occasionally seen nowadays.
ExamplesAnime and Manga
- In Axis Powers Hetalia, New Zealand owns a pet sheep.
Film - Animated
- The New Zealand version of Zootopia averts this by using the same koala newscaster as the Australian version. As the World of Funny Animals in this film is inhabited exclusively by mammals (at least, as far as we've seen), and New Zealand has no native mammal species (barring three species of bat and one weird long dead thing), the only alternative would have been sheep, but the creators wanted to avoid this due to sheep playing a completely different role in the story.
- Power Rangers Dino Charge liked to play up on Chase's New Zealander heritage, to the point that his skateboard has a kiwi bird silhouette cut into the griptape.
- The New Zealand Story is set in a fantastical depiction of New Zealand where the player controls Tiki the kiwi, who has to rescue his friends from a leopard seal.
- The sea turtle, especially the green sea turtle is used to represent Hawaii because Hawaiian culture has a high opinion of them and lots of Hawaiian art features them. Sea turtles may represent other Polynesian islands as well.
- The Polynesian islands are also associated with chickens, due to Polynesian natives taking chickens on their marine journeys as livestock.
- The Polynesians also took pigs as livestock on their marine journeys, so, like chickens, the Polynesian islands are associated with pigs. Also, Hawaii has Kalua pork in Luaus, furthering the association.
- In Moana, the protagonist's animal sidekick that accompanies her to her journey is a comically stupid chicken named Hei Hei. In the first few scenes of the movie, she also has a piglet sidekick named Pua. A baby sea turtle also appears briefly in the movie's opening scene, where Moana, still a toddler, helps it return to the sea.
- In Finding Nemo, Crush and his fellow sea turtles are Hawaiian Surfer Dude stereotypes.
- In the Pixar Short Lava, which takes place in Hawaii, there is a pair of green sea turtles cuddling romantically at the volcano protagonist's coastline (among other animal couples).