Edward Regan "Eddie" Murphy (born April 3, 1961) is an American actor, voice actor, film director, producer, comedian and singer. He is the second-highest grossing lead actor in motion picture history. He was a regular cast member on Saturday Night Live from 1980 to 1984 — keeping that show afloat at a time when it was floundering so badly that NBC was considering cancellation note — and worked as a stand-up comedian throughout The '80s. He was ranked #10 on Comedy Central's list of the 100 Greatest Stand-ups of All Time.
On Saturday Night Live, he's known for appearing with Joe Piscopo in a lot of sketches (to the point that the cast members and fans thought they were stealing the spotlight), his recurring characters Mr. Robinson (a poor, black, urban take on Mr. Rogers, who first appeared on the Jean Doumanian episode that gave NBC a reason to kick her off the shownote , but didn't become popular until Dick Ebersol took over), Buckwheat from The Little Rascals (whose character was assassinated, then brought back from the dead), Dion (a Camp Gay hairstylist), Angry Black Man Raheem Abdul Mohammed, poetic prisoner Tyrone Green, sleazy salesman Velvet Jones (the "I Wanna Be a Ho" Guide), and Gumby as an old, Jewish man. His celebrity impressions, though small, included Bill Cosby, James Brown (the singer, not the football commentator), the Reverend Jesse Jackson, Mr. T, Jerry Lewis (in a Two Faces of Eve film parody with Joe Piscopo as the older, embittered Vegas hanger-on take on Lewis while Murphy played the loud, bucktoothed, childish moron version of him), and Stevie Wonder. Eddie Murphy is also the first (and, so far, only) Saturday Night Live cast member to host the show while still a cast member, a decision that has been cited by the cast at the time as a low point for the show and a sign that Dick Ebersol cared more about making Eddie Murphy and Joe Piscopo popular rather than give the other cast members (Gary Kroeger, a pre-Seinfeld Julia Louis-Dreyfus, Mary Gross, Tim Kazurinsky, and Brad Hall) a chance at being funny.
In 1983, he took the world of stand-up comedy by storm with his special Delirious, earning him the title of "the first rock star comedian." It continues to be memetically popular with the new generation, featuring memorable sketches such as his drunk foul-mouthed dad, his shoe-throwing mom, his overweight moustached Aunt Bonnie who fell down the stairs (My Shoe!) and is rumored to be Bigfoot (GOONIE GOO GOO!), portraying Mr. T and Ralph Kramden as homosexuals, portraying Michael Jackson as a very sensitive young man, discussing offended African-Americans on his portrayal of Stevie Wonder and much much more.
Amongst his Eighties film roles, he was best-known for playing Axel Foley in the Beverly Hills Cop series; he also helped popularize Salt and Pepper pairings with his work in 48 Hrs. (his film debut) and Trading Places. In 2007, he won the Golden Globe for Best Supporting Actor for playing soul singer James "Thunder" Early in Dreamgirls, a role which also received a nomination for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor.
In case you can't tell yet, Murphy was absolutely huge in the '80s. He even scored a chart-topping pop hit with "Party All the Time" in 1985; people bought the (notably bland) song entirely because it was Murphy and Rick James. The song even appears in the soundtrack to (of all things) Grand Theft Auto V.
In some of his films he plays multiple roles in addition to his main character, intended as a tribute to one of his idols, Peter Sellers, who played multiple roles in Dr. Strangelove and elsewhere. Murphy has played multiple roles in Coming to America, Wes Craven's Vampire in Brooklyn, The Nutty Professor films (where he played the title role in two incarnations, plus his father, uncle, mother and grandmother), Bowfinger and 2007's Norbit.
His brother Charlie was a regular on Chappelle's Show, played Ed Wuncler III in The Boondocks, and had a regular role as Vic Hargrove in Black Jesus. He even appeared in a cameo as himself in a segment from 1000 Ways to Die.
Unfortunately, as the 1990's and 2000's rolled around, Eddie's career took a turn for the worse, hitting rock bottom when The Adventures of Pluto Nash became one of the all-time biggest flops, with a budget of $100 million dollars and a worldwide gross of $7.1 million. He had a brief resurgence of quality with the Shrek films and Dreamgirls, but he has yet to have a hit film since then.
Notable film credits include:
- 48 Hrs. (1982) - Reggie Hammond
- Another 48 Hrs. (1990)
- Trading Places (1983) - William "Billy Ray" Valentine
- Beverly Hills Cop (1984) - Axel Foley
- The Golden Child (1986) - Chandler Jarrell
- Coming to America (1988) - Prince Akeem Joffer/Clarence/Saul/Randy Watson
- Harlem Nights (1989; also wrote and directed) - Vernest "Quick" Brown
- The Distinguished Gentlemen (1992) - Thomas Jefferson Johnson
- Boomerang (1992) - Marcus Graham
- Vampire in Brooklyn (1995) - Maximillian/Preacher Pauly/Guido
- The Nutty Professor (1996) (1996) - Professor Sherman Klump/Buddy Love/Lance Perkins/Cletus 'Papa' Klump/Anna Pearl 'Mama' Jensen Klump/Ida Mae 'Granny' Jensen/Ernie Klump, Sr.
- Metro (1997) - Insp. Scott Roper
- Holy Man (1998) - G
- Dr. Dolittle (1998) - Dr. John Doolittle
- Dr. Doolittle 2 (2001)
- Mulan (1998) - Mushu (voice)
- Bowfinger (1999) - Kit Ramsey/Jifferson "Jiff" Ramsey
- Life (1999) - Rayford "Ray" Gibson
- Shrek - Donkey (voice)
- I Spy (2002) - Kelly Robinson
- The Adventures of Pluto Nash (2002) - Pluto Nash/Rex Crater
- Daddy Day Care (2003) - Charles "Charlie" Hinton
- The Haunted Mansion (2004) - Jim Evers
- Dreamgirls (2006) - James "Thunder" Early (Academy Award nominee for Best Actor)
- Norbit (2007) - Norbit Rice/Rasputia Latimore-Rice/Mr. Wong
- Meet Dave (2008) - Starship Dave Ming-Chang (Spacecraft), Captain
- Imagine That (2009) - Evan Danielson
- Tower Heist (2011) - Darnell "Slide" Davis
- A Thousand Words (2012, originally filmed in 2008) - Jack McCall
His roles provide examples of:
- Alter Kocker: Loves playing these, almost always while in heavy Caucasian makeup. His performance as one in Coming to America provides the trope's page image.
- Ass Shove: "Boogie In Your Butt".
- Black and Nerdy: His role as Norbit in the movie Norbit and also his role as Jiff in Bowfinger and as Professor Sherman Klump in The Nutty Professor.
- Broken Pedestal: Had this for Bill Cosby. Murphy recalled on Raw that he was so excited to get a call from Cosby after Delirious was a hit. Cosby proceeded to dress down the younger comic and browbeat him about his "dirty" act.
- Cluster F-Bomb: When doing stand up he has a very filthy mouth.
- Cowboy Cop: Axel Foley in Beverly Hills Cop. The movie starts with Eddie's character causing wide-spread property damage during a chase that resulted from an unauthorized sting.
- Fan Disservice: Rasputia in a two-piece swimsuit is not a nice sight to see.
- Fascinating Eyebrow: A good portion of the cover art/posters for his movies has Murphy with a raised eyebrow.
- Fat Suit: In Nutty Professor and Norbit he wore a fat suit, as he's actually quite skinny.
- Large Ham: In many of his works.
- Mic Drop: Delirious features one of the earliest mic drops on film, in 1983.
- Motor Mouth: Used to great effect in his comedies.
- Non-Human Sidekick: Donkey in the animated movie Shrek is a donkey sidekick to Shrek, an ogre. Mushu in Mulan is a dragon sidekick to Mulan, a human.
- Older Than They Look: At 56, he still looks the way he was thirty years ago.
- Rated G for Gangsta: He started his career as a cast member of Saturday Night Live, then moved on to foul-mouthed standup comedy. His first movie roles were primarily in R-rated comedies, then turned to more family-friendly fare in the 1990's and into the 2000's. As of today, he has proclaimed that he has moved on to more mature roles.
- Salt and Pepper: In 48 Hours alongside Nick Nolte, Trading Places alongside Dan Aykroyd, the Beverly Hills Cop trilogy alongside Judge Reinhold, and Showtime alongside Robert De Niro.
- Schmuck Bait: In recalling his phone call with Bill Cosby in Raw, when the Cos admonished Eddie for saying "filth flarn filth!", Eddie played dumb for a while ("I never said no 'filth flarn flith' and I'm offended you called, fuck you!") until he was able to bait Bill into saying the F-bomb ("Youuuu cannot say...FUCK!...in front of people!").note
- Self-Deprecation: His Buddy Love persona in The Nutty Professor is a big Take That against what he was known as during his slumping career in the early 1990s, when he was starting to get a reputation for being overly obnoxious and self-absorbed.
- Talking Animal: Donkey in the Shrek film series. He's a talking donkey.