Ridcully: What? I've got my hat on, haven't I?
Stibbons: Yes, sir—
Ridcully: Hat — wizard, wizard — hat. Everything else is just frippery.
Magic users, especially in medieval fantasy, will almost always wear robes of one sort or another. The particular type of robe varies, and even those mages who eschew the robe tend to wear cloaks, capes, or (for more modern characters) trenchcoats. At least in part, this seems to be because the loose, billowy clothes look that much more impressive during a magic-induced Chunky Updraft or Dramatic Wind. Even the Stripperiffic costumes worn by the Vain Sorceress tend to have a few loose scraps of cloth fluttering about. On the more practical side, robes' light weight rarely hinders any necessary magic gestures like heavy armor would.
On the other hand, nobody who wears a pointy hat can be anything but a magician of some kind. No matter what, the pointy hat is a guarantee of magical power, or at least aspirations thereto. (The primary exception is if you're in the Deep South. They may have an "Imperial Wizard" leading them, but that's a way different group there.) Depending on the setting, exceptions may be made if you are a princess locked in a tower (this version usually has a ribbon of sheer fabric coming off of the top and is technically called a Steeple Hennin), some manner of gnome (this version is usually red, and gnomes are generally magical) or of course, the classic Dunce Cap, but in such a case, a magic-user can be identified by the fact that their pointy hat has a brim, while the hats of princesses, gnomes and dunces do not. If it's your head that's pointed, you're reading the wrong trope; see Coneheads.
Wizarding School students tend to wear a blend of this and whatever is considered that country's traditional school uniform; expect the more powerful teachers to do it straight.
The lesson you should be taking from all of this, of course, is that if you see someone wearing a pointy hat, then they will also be wearing a robe. This trope is a subtrope of Badass Long Robe, naturally. If the hat itself ends up being magical than it may be a Hat of Power. Very often this trope is accompanied by a Magic Staff. Sub-trope of Stock Costume Traits. See also Wizard Classic and Witch Classic for character types who are especially prone to wearing this outfit. Members of the Trenchcoat Brigade are usually going for a contemporary, Urban Fantasy relative of this trope.
It's often believed that the trope comes from the Norse god Odin's traveling outfit.
A Sister Trope to Mystical High Collar.
P.S: If you were wondering, this trope name comes from a famous (in the right circles) internet chat that starts as cybersex, takes a nerdy turn into tabletop/MMORPG-style games and gets weirder from there. (Warning: NSFW).
- Superman vs. Nick O'Teen: In the third TV ad, Nick O'Teen wears this outfit to pass himself off as a friendly wizard to gain the children's trust.
- Facit Man, who once advertised the first electric calculators. With that said, he traded in the robe for a more modern jumpsuit.
- Honami Takase Ambler, the Celtic magic-using witch of Rental Magica, wears a black cloak and pointy hat over her school uniform as her business outfit. When she had to change from her casual clothes to her business one, she changed into her school uniform first before putting on the cloak and hat.
- In the Flashback episode to her time in a Wizarding School, the other students also wore cloaks, but she was the only student wearing a pointy hat.
- Yuki Nagato's class in Haruhi Suzumiya dressed her up as a fortune-telling witch for the School Festival by means of a cloak and pointy hat over her school uniform. Haruhi hijacked the costume (and the wearer) for her own student movie.
- As a highly advanced, probability altering alien, her predictions are all 100% accurate (much to the chagrin of some students).
- In the light novels, it's unclear where Yuki's outfit came from or whose idea it was, and Kyon notes a number of similarly dressed people attending the school festival that he was later unable to match up with any group of students or club. He hypothesizes they may have been visitors from a parallel dimension who Yuki was expecting, and her outfit was chosen to blend in.
- In Lucky Star, Konata cosplays as Yuki in the witch outfit.
- Yukari Sendou from Rosario + Vampire has a traditional style pointy hat worn at all times, including the swimming pool and beach.
- Negima! Magister Negi Magi present a strange mix of uses and inversions of this trope:
- The full garb is apparently part of the uniform of the two Wizarding Schools the main protagonist and the Little Miss Snarker attended. Several other characters appeared with the pointy hat and it's a permanent part of Anya's clothing. There was also that child mage in the Bad Future.
- On the other hand, the standard mage clothing seems to be a long, billowing white cloak with a hood replacing the hat. No (named) adult so far (except Stan) has worn a hat.
- An early conception of "conflict" between Negi and Evangeline was that she would refuse to take her wizard hat off. This never made it into the series.
- The important characters will usually wear a Badass Long Robe (often tattered).
- Tsubame, from Urusei Yatsura, always wears a traditional "magician's cape", though without the pointy hat. Given his other favored attire is a tuxedo, and his comments about having gone to "the West" to study his magic, it's clear he's supposed to be a parody of/reference to the stage magician, instead of the actual Hermetic Magic-using Squishy Wizard associated with Western magic users.
- Ginger Bread from Rebor 2004 fits this trope, though he's only pretending to use sorcery; in fact, the source of his power are spiders imbued with Sun Flames.
- Oibore from Rurouni Kenshin is not a mage, but his outfit (natty robes, a pointy bamboo hat, and a scraggly hobo beard) add weight to his role as The Mentor.
- Though the cape of Dark Magician leaves much to be desired, he has a truly epic pointy hat.
- The Dark Magician Girl wears a Sexy Whatever Outfit version of this trope.
- In Witch Craft Works, the main characters wear them so they can be invisible to regular people.
- Fabia Crozelg of Magical Girl Lyrical Nanoha ViVid is a True Witch and normally wears a robe and tiny witch hat.
- Shouta from Miss Kobayashi's Dragon Maid is shown wearing a wizard hat and a cape in the opening for the anime. He mostly wears regular clothing during the series proper, though it's later revealed that all wizards dress this way when they get together (such as magic exams).
- Ronya in the one-shot Frau Rabbit wears a black cloak and hat. They're apparently standard witch attire since everyone identifies her as one on sight, but no other witches are seen in the story.
- In the fifth Big Damn Movie of Doraemon "Doraemon: Nobita's Great Adventure into the Underworld" Doraemon puts on a pointy wizard hat, which Noby thinks is a gadget that enhances the user's magical abilities. Everyone does a Face Fault though when it's revealed that the hat is purely decorative.
- Witch Hat Atelier: As expected from the title, this trope is addressed and justified: a tall, conical hat is a witch’s badge of office, making them immediately recognizable even though every atelier has its own style of hat, while the flowing robes mask and direct attention away from their hands when they do magic, concealing from the Unknowing that magic is as simple as drawing diagrams in the right kind of ink (magic is not an inherent trait, but something anyone can do with the right tools and knowledge — something that witches are keen on keeping secret, for fear of misuse). Meanwhile, the renegade witches known as Brimhats are distinguished by the fact that their hats have wide brims, allowing them to hide their faces and avoid being identified, whether by others or each other.
- The Adventures of Peter Wheat: The Grand Wizard of the Hornet Kingdom wears a blue robe with a red, conical hat with stars and crescent moons on it.
- Jingle Belle's gal pal Polly Green, the Halloween Witch, wears the traditional witch's pointed hat.
- The DCU's Enchantress had a witch's hat, until the Shadowpact series took it away.
- Cyclone, the first Red Tornado's granddaughter, wears a robe...thing and pointy hat, despite not actually being a mage. Her wind and air manipulation superpowers are nanomachine-based. It's a reference to her favourite book, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz.
- Doctor Strange wears a flashy red cloak. No hat; but the cloak's collar usually have two distinct pointy extensions on it.
- The comic strip Wizards at War which featured in the British Anthology Comic The Beano used this trope on its main two recurring characters who were wizards and always fighting.
- There aren't many pointy hats on display in the DC The Books of Magic miniseries, but at one point young Tim Hunter meets a gathering of trench-coated DC magic heroes which he describes as "looking like a perverts convention."
- Vaughan Bode's underground comix Cheech Wizard is a crude, dissolute fake whose wizard hat covers him down to his navel - he never takes it off, claiming if anyone saw who he was, they'd go mad.
- In Cerebus the Aardvark, the robe-and-pointy-hat attire worn by Necross the HaHaHa Mad prior to his becoming the giant stone Thrunk.
- Johan and Peewit has Homnibus the enchanter, who also sports the requisite Wizard Beard.
- In a Superman Family issue, Supergirl takes down "Lemon-Lips" Romero, a wannabe sorcerer who wore indigo robes and a starry, blue pointy hat for no other reason than because he thought those clothes are proper wizard wardrobe.
- The Phantom Zone: Thul-Kar, the last of the Wizards of Juru, wears purple robes and a similarly purple, horned, pointy hat.
- In Mickey Mouse and the Sword of Ice, Yor wears red robes and the stereotypical (red) pointy hat.
- Wonder Woman Vol 1: Shaggy is actually a leprechaun but he's got powerful magic, wears the requisite pointy hat and matching robe and even has a Wizard Beard.
- In Nodwick, sorcerer Artax wears a robe and the classic green wizard hat.
- Howland Owl from Pogo wore a wizard hat all the time, despite not being a wizard of any kind. As for why, perhaps Albert put it best: "He's got a point, but his hat hides it."
- The Wizard in Shoe wears robes and a wizard hat, but he's a computer wizard, not a magic user.
- Averted in With Strings Attached, where every person in Baravada, wizards and otherwise, wears the same kind of outfit: silky shirt and trousers. Except Bayanis, who does wear robes, but she's crazy. Well, crazier than all the other wizards, anyway.
- Dungeon Keeper Ami: From Chapter 65: Audience With The King:
Standard blue robes and pointy hat of an academy-trained professional magician.
- When the Brush hits the Canvas: Irene and her grandmother both dress this way, which is noted by Link and Ravio to be incredibly stereotypical.
- The Sorcerer's Apprentice section from Fantasia features a particularly nice wizard hat. Just don't play with it while the owner's out.
- This appearance of Mickey is also one of the primary logos of The Walt Disney Company. Sorcerer Mickey functioned as the mascot of Disney with images of him placed on the first five years worth of VHS tapes and the clamshells they came in (the tape programs opened with a "Neon Mickey" logo to start.) He began appearing in the 1986 version of the Walt Disney Home Video logo and then the second form of the Walt Disney Classics logo from 1988 until that line's retirement in 1994; that line included Fantasia as a release. (the Home Video logo was put on third string a year later, but still popped up every once in a while until 2006.) Sorcerer Mickey also is the mascot of Walt Disney Imagineering.
- SpongeBob wears one in The Sponge Bob Square Pants Movie. He is also playing guitar.
- The Box (2018): The boy wears a fake wizard's hat and cape.
- In Magical Mystery Tour, The Beatles have a brief scene playing robed, hatted wizards keeping tabs on the movie's cast (themselves included).
- A Trip to the Moon: For some reason, the astronomers are dressed in full wizard gear for a meeting.
- As described in the literature section, the wizards in the Harry Potter books wear this as their normal clothes. However, the films put Harry and company in a modern school uniform topped with an academic gown. All of the adults wear Edwardian/Victorian-inspired couture. The first film does feature all of the students wearing brimless pointed hats for the start- and end-of-year feast (mostly so we can have the triumphant cass-topping scene when Gryffindor wins the House Cup) but they're never worn again in any of the later movies, not even on special occasions. According to director Chris Columbus, they tried using costumes closer to what’s described in the books, test audiences and further market research have found that general audiences find them silly-looking. The only character to be often shown wearing a traditional wizard's hat (tall and pointy with a wide brim) is Professor McGonagall — in fact, she's rarely seen without it. Dumbledore often sports headwear as well, but it's usually a more understated one that still tapers but has no brim (when Richard Harris played the character) or a pudding-basin cap with a tassel (in his Gambon incarnation). This also carries over to the prequel Fantastic Beasts series. The only character who wears one of these costumes is Nicolas Flamel. Not even forty-something Dumbledore wears them. This is presumably to share an art style with the original series as well as the aforementioned market research.
- Hogfather: In the film adaptation, the wizards are never seen without their pointy hats — except if bathing, when they have pointy plastic showercaps.
- The Golem: The Rabbi (who is also an astrologer, alchemist and magician) wears a pointy hat and a robe, making him look like a textbook wizard.
- In Rip Van Winkle, the strange dwarves that give Rip the magic brew (that puts him to sleep) are dressed this way.
- In A Field in England, the alchemist O'Neill wears a cape with mysterious writing on the inside and a type of hat called a capotain that may have been the inspiration for the stereotypical witch hat in popular culture.
- In The Holy Mountain, The Alchemist wears a knee-length robe and a strange tall, wide-brimmed hat.
- The Immortals: Subverted. Numair, the most powerful
wizardmage of his generation, is one of the seven people in the world who have earned the right to wear the black robe. He avoids doing so at every possibility — he finds it hot and itchy.
- The Discworld likes this trope. A lot.
- Rincewind has covered most of the Disc, usually at speed, and is prepared to leave almost anything behind to make a quick getaway, but the idea of being Rincewind without a pointy hat just breaks his brain. He needs it, because being a wizard (regardless of his near-total inability to use magic) is a central part of his self-identity.
- Night Watch Discworld: Downplayed when Archchancellor Ridcully's bath moves itself outside while he's bathing. He calls for his hat, but doesn't think of the robe yet:
Stibbons: You're, er, not sufficiently dressed, sir.
Ridcully: What? I've got my hat on, haven't I?
Stibbons: Yes, sir—
Ridcully: Hat — wizard, wizard — hat. Everything else is just frippery.
- This is a call-back to a similar incident in The Last Continent:
Ridcully: I would like to congratulate you on being properly dressed. You are wearing your pointy hat, which is the sine qua non of a wizard in public.
Stibbons: Yes, sir.
Ridcully: They say a wizard without his hat is naked.
Stibbons: Yes, sir.
Ridcully: Yet you are wearing your hat, yet are, in a very real sense, naked.
- The rest of the faculty were mildly scandalized by Archchancellor Ridcully's preference for baggy suits over robes when he first arrived at UU.
- According to Granny Weatherwax, most of witchcraft is "headology" (i.e. folk-psychology). This only works if everyone knows you're a witch, hence the black cloak and pointy hat. This results in Granny having to actually try to intimidate someone when she goes to a location where people can't recognize a witch on sight.
- Also worth noting: in theory, anyone can wear a pointy hat. But in practice, imagine what happens to such charlatans when they meet a person with the RIGHT to wear one.
- In Hogfather, a Wizard's idea of going incognito (so people don't recognize that he is a wizard) is to wear a darker, less fancy pointy hat. And of course, the Dean, who gets... very gung-ho about whatever new idea has caught the wizards' fancy this time, has occasionally been spotted with pointy hair. The pointy bath-cap mentioned in Live Action Film above is taken directly from the book as well, although considering the Archchancellor was trying out a bathroom designed and installed by "Bloody Stupid" Johnson he might have been better off with a pointy crash helmet.
- It's been noted in the Discworld series that pointy hats are pretty much hardwired into being a wizard, along with (at the very least,) deep seated distrust and dislike of other wizards, and a desire to build a tower.
- Also in The Last Continent, the wizards of Bugrup College in Fourecks put their own spin on it; their hats are more brim than point (and may have corks around the brim) and they wear short robes over long shorts.
- Wizarding casual dress in the Harry Potter series appears to be... you guessed it... a Robe And Wizard Hat.
- Thanks to ethnocentrism, most wizards unknowingly dress in such horribly inappropriate Muggle clothing whenever they need to venture outside the wizarding world that they'd probably draw less attention by sticking to their wizard robes. A very funny exchange in Goblet of Fire, for instance, involves an old man who has trouble differentiating between male Muggle public wear and female Muggle evening garb.
- The Lord of the Rings contains this in places. Gandalf is a particularly well-known example, and may have revitalized the concept into the modern era.
- The Dresden Files informs us that the reason for the robes is that wizards' lairs get cold in the winter, and Wizards short out electronics in heating units. They're also the required formal wear at White Council meetings, although those have specific meanings and a uniform aspect to them. It's also likely they've had that policy for a thousand years, given how long wizards live. Harry Dresden himself subverts this by trading in a robe and wizard hat for a Badass Longcoat. He doesn't actually wear a hat. The cover artist seems to want to spite the author's intent.
- Harry also subverts it by wearing a baby blue bathrobe to a Council meeting, because he's a smartass and flat broke.
- Possible further justification - Harry's Badass Longcoat is enchanted with magic-, fire-, and bullet-resistant enchantments, which are supposedly difficult to get right, and he mostly wears it for protection - why magic-up several sets of shirts and pants when you can just throw a robe over it for throat-to-shoes protection that rarely needs drycleaning. Of course, when a particularly hot summer hits Chicago, he ends up debating whether the protection is worth the heat.
- In The Worst Witch series by Jill Murphy, pointed hats and robes are fancy/formal dress. The students wear variations on their school colors of black and grey even in their off-hours. Including their PJs.
- Belgarath the Sorcerer of David Eddings' The Belgariad notably avoids such things whenever possible, choosing instead to wear comfortable clothes that allow him to blend in. However, in those rare instances where he had to make a public appearance as 'The Almighty, Immortal Sorcerer, Belgarath!', he dons a white robe and staff to make sure everybody knows he's a wizard. (Keep in mind, the only people who've ever managed to get him to actually do that, is his busybody daughter, Polgara - and the combined might of roughly a dozen reigning monarchs.)
- The sorcerers and sorceresses in the world of The Witcher usually wear casual, if elegant, garbs (though the latter often opt for awfully whorely dresses), but robes-and-pointy hats suits do exist. They are traditional dress kept for special occasions, emphasizing their unity as magic users.
- Through The Riftwar Cycle, magicians either forego hats entirely or stick to something scholarly or in courtly fashion, and on the rare occasion a magician wears a practical broad-brimmed hat, only Kulgan's, at the very beginning of the series, is pointy. Still, the almost-universal preference for robes is a dead giveaway for their profession.
- Subverted in The Princess 99, in that the wizards, er Crafters want to get rid of "old stereotypes" and "streamline their appearance", as put by Professeur Wilde. Most of them wear slightly altered suits or hats, with the more traditional Crafters wearing hats and robes.
- Played with in The Bartimaeus Trilogy, where it is only the lesser magicians who dress as stereotypical wizards as a way to compensate for their lesser standing. The truly powerful mages tend dress like accountants.
- Although magic exists in A Song of Ice and Fire, this is apparently still the uniform of wizards in fiction in that universe, since when Arya tells her father she overheard people plotting to kill him and says they mentioned a wizard, he asks if the wizard was wearing a starry pointed hat and tells her they were mummers and she misunderstood.
- Sorcerers in the Lord Darcy Verse dispense with the symbol-marked pointy hat, instead carrying sigil-decorated carpetbags filled with ritual supplies and equipment. Robes are the pale blue of the Sorcerers' Guild, with white trim designating Apprentice, Journeyman, or Master status.
- Note that quite a lot of Angevin magic-users are members of the clergy, so wear ecclesiastical robes rather than Guild blue.
- In the Magic 2.0 series, wizards in Medieval England wear these partly due to expectations and party due to it being a requirement for the Shell to recognize them as a user, thus allowing them to execute macros/spells with gestures and/or words. There are even specific requirements for the measurements. Another requirement is a Magic Staff or a Magic Wand. In the third novel, it's revealed that some of these restrictions have been removed.
- The opening line of The Witches lampshades what people immediately imagine when they think of witches: "In fairy tales, witches always wear silly black hats and cloaks, and they ride on broomsticks." This is before it goes on to say, "but this this is not a fairy tale: this is about REAL witches."
- Hilda and Richie: In Hilda and Richie's Wizard, the titular wizard Mr. Abra plays this straight. He wears a pointy purple hat and a long purple robe. He even identifies himself as a wizard to Richie and shows magic such as restoring a lost pendant.
- Split Heirs: Odo is skeptical that Clootie's a wizard since he isn't wearing this, among some other things stereotypical to them. Clootie naturally does not as the Gorgarians purged all Hydrangean wizards, so it would be a dead giveaway, as he explains.
- I've Been Killing Slimes for 300 Years and Maxed Out My Level: When Azusa is first reincarnated as a Witch, her new body has an oversized, wide-brimmed conical black hat with a bow and a crumpled point. It remains part of her standard outfit as Witch of the Highlands and is sometimes exaggerated by being drawn almost as large as her body.
- Buffy the Vampire Slayer Fifth season - At the grand opening of his magic store, Giles is wearing a wizard's hat and robe. Buffy stares at him. A long time. He quietly, sheepishly removes it (but does wear it in a later Halloween episode).
- Baby Chris wore a cute little wizard robe for Halloween in Charmed.
- In Power Rangers Mystic Force, the Rangers have robes, each with a different design based on their element and color. As for the hat, the Megazord has one. Or rather, the top of its head is designed like one.
- In the third episode of Merlin (2008), the title character — who has mostly averted this trope by wearing typical clothes — sarcastically argues that he should wear a pointy hat to convince Arthur that he's a wizard.
Merlin: He thinks he is so sharp. Even when I told him I was a wizard, he still couldn't see it.
Gaius: Sometimes it's pretty hard to spot.
Merlin: Maybe I should go around wearing a pointy hat?
Gaius: I don't think you'll find one big enough.
- In Wizards of Waverly Place it is seen in the Wiz Tech episodes, but notably inverted in The Movie, when Alex, Justin and Jerry wear combat uniforms that seem not only stylish, but actually practical, and look like something you'd see in a superhero film.
- Alex and Stevie jokingly don a wizard hat and matching beards in one episode.
- Community - for an April Fools prank, the guys give Pierce what is purported to be ceremonial garb for his promotion in a New Age cult he's in, but is just a wizard robe and hat taken from the theater costume department, complete with a chocolate chip cookie wand to complete his looking like a cereal mascot.
- In Grimm, Hexenbeasts (the Wesen that inspired stories about Wicked Witches) don't wear pointed hats; they use them as a sort of funnel to inhale the vapours from their cauldrons.
- The Sorcerer's Hat in Once Upon a Time is based on the one from Fantasia, except that instead of having stars and moons as decorations, it has a realistic and moving image of a galaxy. It can be used to absorb magic, by having powerful magic-users disappear into it.
- Nobuo Uematsu's band, named after the eponymous Final Fantasy Black Mages, utilize this type of garb for their stage costumes in some of their performances, most notably in the Darkness & Starlight DVD and the music video for "Neo-Exdeath".
- Guided by Voices' album "Bee Thousand" features a wizard in the classic attire on the cover.
- Norse Mythology: The original Magic Knight, Norse god Odin, was known for traveling around wearing... yes, a cloak and big hat. Probably the Trope Maker, as he was a major influence on the appearance of Gandalf. Also a justified case; Odin sold one of his eyes to drink from the Fountain of Wisdom and wore the hat low to hide his missing eye.
- The Evil Sorcerer in Williams Electronics' Sorcerer pinball wears a horned wizard hat and an ornate robe decorated with skulls.
- The summoning wizard in Gottlieb's Genie is dressed like this.
- In Magic Girl, the Big Bad Wizard wears a ragged purple pointed hat, while one of the player-selectable characters is a mage with an ash-grey hat.
- Played straight and averted equally often in Warhammer 40,000, where Eldar farseers, human sanctioned psykers, and some Chaos sorcerers wear futuristic robes and hats, while other sorcerers, farseers, and all Astartes librarians wear the same battle armor as their non-psychic comrades.
- Similarily played with in Warhammer. Wizard clothes run the gamut from traditional cloak and pointy hat to shamanistic feathers and headdressess to naked. Chaos sorcerers, on the other hand can, and often do, wear full plate armor.
- Heinrich Kemmler, the Lichemaster, has a version where the robe appears to be made of human skin and the hat is adorned with skulls.
- The Shadowmancers of the Grey Order are the most likely to play this straight, if monochromatic.
- Common in early editions of Dungeons & Dragons, though from 3rd Edition onward they've shied away from pointy hats in favor of a more Dungeon Punk look. Not even Elminster wears a pointy hat anymore!
- An issue of Dragon Magazine, the D&D tie-in periodical, explained that gnomes wear pointy hats because they symbolize the power of knowledge in much the same way pyramids do: few at the top, many at the base.
- In 3rd edition and Pathfinder, the trope is Justified in that armour interfered with the gestures used in casting arcane spells, potentially ruining a spell at a crucial moment. That wizards tend towards the Squishy and can surround themselves in defensive magic without lugging around half their body weight in armour is also a factor. Some magic-users, like the warmage and Beguiler, are more capable in armour thanks to specialized training.
- Wealthy enough wizards have a workaround in the form of mithral armour with enchantments to make it even more maneuverable; for bonus points, it can be glamoured to look like a robe. Wealthy and Properly Paranoid wizards wearing pointy hats are probably wearing shrunken, polymorphed metal cones that will disenchant and shield them from any Antimagic Fields they might wander into.
- Robes are encouraged, but the pointy hat is not. You can adorn your head with magical crowns, goggles, masks, helms, and skull caps, but there is a single magical hat (A hat of disguise, more suited for a trickster than a wizard) in any of the source books out so far.
- 4th edition did away with the spell failure mechanics, but by default, wizards are only proficient in cloth armour, and have to invest feats (or multiclass levels) to function in anything more robust.
- Still, the artwork in the 4th edition books seems to be splitting evenly between flowing robes and exotic pants-and-shirt outfits that are only arguably more practical for combat. But the robes look awesome. Not entirely unrealistic, since building your wizard to use armor means you have to give up something that could have made him better at magic. A wizard who can't wear armor can be a perfectly reasonable build.
- Speaking of Elminster, the elves (who taught him) and the wizards of Dales (where he lives) prefer sane adventuring clothes. But "leading by example" works better if one's a fellow mortal in the mage garb rather than warrior-thief-priestess-divine agent, so...
- Spelljammer boxed set reminds that the tactical considerations tend to overrule in more aggressive settings:
Typical orders for any crew, whether at sea or in space, are "Shoot at anyone who looks like a wizard". Of course, this often means that the man who looks like a wizard really isn't.
- Avoided in Mage: The Awakening and Mage: The Ascension, thanks to its Gothic Punk modern setting and Masquerade. The new Robe And Wizard Hat is usually a trenchcoat and a punk haircut.
- Shadowrun subverts this trope. Mages can wear body armor—just like anyone else—and fire a gun—just like anyone else. Provided that their stats are high enough to allow the armor (mmm, encumbrance) and skilled at firearms (mmm, defaulting).
- WARMACHINE mostly avoids this trope, as most warcasters prefer to go to battle wearing a full set of steam powered platemail. One's even fused to a Humongous Mecha.
- Justified and enforced in The Dark Eye, where the body of laws for wizards, the Codex Albyricus, demands this type of clothing (several sets for different circumstances and incantations) to make users of magic instantly recognizable to honest people, so "their righteous mistrust shall be awakened". Most civilized wizards will follow it to the letter as a matter of class conciousness.
- Also justfied in the somwhat recent indie RPG (or shall we say, ecology of indie RPG's?) GLOG: in that game, the main limitation for the Wizard's magic power is how many dice they have available to roll when casting, which scales with level, and the robe and hat themselves provide bonus dice (it's not really explained why however).
- Res Arcana: The Warlocknote wears a pointy hat and a cape.
- Ars Magica has two deliberate versions in the Order of Hermes:
- House Mercere are messengers and middlemen who wear a signature pointed red hat, optionally with matching robes, to advertise their identity. It's also for protection: magi are suspicious by nature, but Mercere are the Protectorate of the entire order.
- House Jerbiton, the self-appointed envoys between magi and Muggles, spread the idea that robes and hats are "proper wizard attire" — both so magi can be identified when they want to be and so it's easy to pass as mundane when they don't want to be.
- Black Mages from the Final Fantasy series dress in blue robes and yellow wizard hats. Red Mages use a variation, a red tabard and a magnificent red chevalier with a white feather. White Mages wear a white robe or poncho with blood-red triangles around the edges, which may or may not include a hood, occasionally with a set of Cat Ears on the hood as in the case of Krile of Final Fantasy V. Less commonly, the Time Mage class wear conical red hats with a star on them and loose-fitting robes and Summoners wear a horned-headband-and-robe getup.
- NetHack provides mechanical justification: Robes decrease spell failure chance for everyone, and a wizard who wears a cornuthaumnote gets a charisma bonus. Anybody else will get a penalty, since non-wizards look silly with the hat on.
- City of Heroes features the Cabal, an all-female group of witches, who wear black capes and pointy hats. If the player manages to prove themselves against the Cabal's leader, they unlock Witch Hats at the tailor for their own use. The human members of the Circle of Thorns also dress in robes. Some of them wear hats (not pointy, but still unmistakably magey).
- In the Dungeon Keeper series, Wizard units are identified by their ankle-length blue robe and conical hat, long white beard, and gem-tipped staff. Their Evil Counterparts the Warlocks also have the robe and staff, although in purple with a High Collar of Doom, skullcap, and Beard of Evil. Oddly, both have detached sleeves.
- Found in most MMORPGs, and bemoaned by a music video made from World of Warcraft by a wizard who asks (in the chorus) "So why I ask, it just doesn't make much sense / for a man of my stature to have to wear a dress / I mean what may I enquire, were you thinking on that day / when you conjured up for a man like me a robe that looks so gay-ay?" Another video references the plight of Paladin healers being forced to wear similar outfits in raids to be effective healers. "I only wore it once... and I was sexy".
- In Warcraft II, this was averted by the Human Mage unit, who wore a Badass Longcoat.
- Guild Wars is one MMORPG that manages to avoid this trope. The armor for spellcaster professions are usually coats and trousers, with occasional skirts or Badass Longcoats. There aren't any hats, but each profession does have distinctive headwear - theater masks for mesmers, scalp tattoos for monks, head wrappings for ritualists, etc.
- Asheron's Call also avoids this trope, as almost any character can wear almost any armor or clothing, and spellcasting is not penalized by equipment. However, for the first few years of the game, there was a loud group of players who complained that their mage characters were forced to wear armor because robes didn't provide enough protection and that they couldn't dress like typical mages.
- In Arcanum: Of Steamworks & Magick Obscura, spellcasting tires you out, meaning mages tend to wear light clothing, such as robes, but nothing stops you from wearing enchanted armor (mechanical armor, like every other technological item, is bad for you though) if you strong enough to carry it without penalty (decently possible for chain mail, fairly hard for plate mail).
- Elta, protagonist of Magician Lord, has the requisite robe and pointy hat until he turns into one of six different forms.
- The Elder Scrolls:
- Justified throughout the series when it comes to robes, as they can typically hold more powerful enchantments than regular apparel. "Hats" are fairly rare, however, and in several cases, are replaced by wizard "hoods" instead.
- In Oblivion, and to a lesser extent Skyrim, there are spell efficiency penalties for wearing armor, essentially enforcing this trope. For those role-playing as casters (or any spell-heavy type of class) this reduces desirable outfits to robe & hood or regular civilian style clothes. Usually enchanted. (See also: Armor and Magic Don't Mix for a more extensive explanation.) Interestingly, the only non-armor wrist items for in Oblivion are the Wrist Irons you start the game with. All other items count as armor and lower the spell efficiency. They are the only pair in the vanilla game, though more can be found with the Shivering Isles expansion.
- Melody, the bath house keeper from Rune Factory wears one, even though she doesn't know any magic.
- There are magical Robes aplenty in Dungeons & Dragons related games due to the fact wizards and the like can suffer from Arcane spell failure if they wear armour, which is an indirect cause of Squishy Wizard. Characters who draw their powers from holy sources can run around in full suits of armour with no problems, probably because they can rely on divine assistance.
- Sort of a Deconstructed Trope to many players and Game Masters, most agree that anyone telegraphing that they are squishy by wearing this garb is guaranteed to be the first target of any intelligent creature in combat.
- And then Baldur's Gate rolled along and subverts it and provides Player Characters with no pointy hats to put on. But then still cameo's Elminster with one! Party mages have to settle for imposing looking hoods instead.
- In The Sims 2, magic users wear a robe and pointy hat, and the colors magically change upon their alignment. Good ones wear white robes with gold trim, and evil ones wear black robes.Neutral ones wear brown and grey robes.
- In The Sims Medieval, the majority of outfits available to Wizards are robes, and there's a pointy hat that only Wizards can wear.
- Though the other wizards show up randomly, and have a variety of different looks, Mithra in Valkyrie Profile 2: Silmeria, the first one you pick up, the one that shows up in a cutscene and is the only non-random Einherjar you find, fits this trope's description to a T.
- Selfi, the snobby-but-Cute Witch in Azure Dreams.
- Amadeus the Magnificent, The Casanova wizard from Trine, is clad in this getup.
- Lillet Blan, despite being a "newbie" in GrimGrimoire sure dresses the part.
- In Space Station 13, a gamemode that comes up where one of the crew of the ship has been selected to be a space wizard, they use a radio and teleport to an area to get spells, and come back to the ship. When they come back in order for them to use their spells (Many at least)none other than a robe, wizard hat, and a Beard.
- Marisa Kirisame of Touhou Project fame wears a pointy wizard hat, though her robes are rather unstandard.
- The other (stated) magicians, Alice Margatroid and Patchouli Knowledge, both have robes (Alice's are colorful but loosely standard, while Patchy's are more like pajamas - justified by her tendency towards being ill far too much), but Alice has only a hair band, and Patchy's hat only has a point on it because she has a cresent moon shape attached to it.
- And then there is Marisa's former master Mima, who wears a pointed blue cap with a sun on it and blue robes.
- There is one more magician in the series - Byakuren Hijiri. However, she averts this - being one of the few characters in the entire series to not have any head decoration whatsoever. (take note that animal ears are being counted as hair decorations here)
- The other (stated) magicians, Alice Margatroid and Patchouli Knowledge, both have robes (Alice's are colorful but loosely standard, while Patchy's are more like pajamas - justified by her tendency towards being ill far too much), but Alice has only a hair band, and Patchy's hat only has a point on it because she has a cresent moon shape attached to it.
- The Magikoopas in Super Mario Bros. are dressed like this, especially Kamek from Yoshi's Island and Kammy Koopa from Paper Mario.
- Merlon's family and all Shamans from the Paper Mario series and Super Mario RPG respectively also share this trait, although they use hoods instead of hats.
- Might and Magic mostly averts it for the game characters (as even the most Squishy Wizard get to wear leather armor, there is absolutely no penalty for wearing a helmet or other supposedly heavy headgear, and there are, in fact, no equippable robes to be found), but plays it straight for many mage NPCs and enemies. VI's description for the one sort of pointy hat in the game handwaves its popularity amongst mages as a result of the 'conical shape attracting creatures of the spirit world', making the hat easier to enchant. Even so, it is not the best cloth-headgear to enchant.
- One of the special Items-of-the-month in Kingdom of Loathing is the Jewel-eyed wizard hat, probably the best hat for Mysticality classes (like with the chefstaves, power is not as important as the mysticality-related bonuses it gives).
- Disgaea 2 actually references the trope namer in the description of the Wizard Robe. Nippon Ichi later references the second part of the trope in Zettai Hero Project, by adding the item "Wizard Hat" with a similar description.
- In Ragnarok Online, the pointy wizard hats have valuable int, dex and/or magic bonuses. The male mages all wear robes, but for some reason, female mages are stripperiffic. They start wearing robes in higher job classes, though.
- Pretty much everyone wears some variation of a robe and pointy hat in the Spellcasting 101/201/301 series. In fact, depending on the game mode, that's ALL the protagonist wears, which is used for comedic effect on a lot of occasions.
- Magicka depicts all wizards in hooded robes, and some may opt to wear a wizard hat instead. It also makes a Shout-Out to the Trope Namer in the name of the achievement for picking up all the spellbooks.
- The uniform in Magical Diary, although only the teachers get hats, and the capes are slightly different for males and females.
- In the Avernum games, wearing armor makes it impossible to cast higher level mage spells (unless the character has the Natural Mage trait) so they usually end up wearing robes.
- Worn by the title character in Soulcaster and Soulcaster II.
- Kingdom Hearts
- Donald Duck tends to wear one when he's at Disney Castle and not out adventuring with Sora. For good measure, his basic staff incorporates a robe and wizard hat into its design.
- There is the extremely cute-but deadly Majik Lapin in Kingdom Hearts 3D [Dream Drop Distance], complete with its own top and cape. Not only just a powerful magician rabbit, it can also cast spells with each of its ears!
- Dark Souls:
- The Cute Witch Action Girl Beatrice wear this kind of outfit, even against big nasty monsters. Later, you can get the set from her present-day remains.
- Big Hat Logan also fits this. Justified, since he specifically designed the hat so that people couldn't stare at his face, and the wrap around his head was meant to muffle the insufferable dronings of his students. You can get his hat as well after he goes insane and you are forced to kill him.
- Dark Souls II has the Black Witch set and the Astrologist's set for those who like a bit more bling in their outfits. Averted with other spellcasting outfits, however; the Leydia Black set looks like someone put a bomb in the end of a pointy hat and exploded it, the black and white Hollow Mage sets wear fancy hoods, and the Lion Mage and Desert Sorceress sets don't have enough clothing to qualify as robes; the Desert Sorceress top in particular barely has enough clothing to qualify as clothing.
- The third game has Karla, whose getup is what you'd imagine a Cute Witch to look like after who knows how long of imprisonment.
- Deconstructed with Mystalvision the sorcerer in Dragon Wars. Despite Mystalvision being a fairly major villain, his outfit only serves to make him look silly, and the game outright states that he "very much wants to look like a wizard, but has no idea what wizards actually look like."
- The titular character in Simon the Sorcerer games looks the part... except he's not an actual sorcerer but a snarky kid from our world, who keeps getting dragged into the magical one to fight Sordid. His pointy hat may be magical, considering he keeps his entire inventory in there. When he does finally learn to casts spells, his repertoire is limited to fashion magic. Which basically means he can change the colour of his Robe and Wizard Hat.
- Although otherwise not very common in Everquest II, some of the legendary outfits for wizards come with a similar hat. The icon for wizards is a pointy hat as well.
- Played very straight with the wizards in Runescape
- In Dungeon Crawl, heavier armor imposes penalties on spellcasting. This can be mitigated by raising the Armor skill, but even at max level anything heavier than ring mail will incur penalties. The usual armor for most magi is a robe, but armor made from the hide of a steam dragon or mottled dragon is similarly lightweight and provides better protection.
- In Gothic, the sinister necromancer robes is one of the best armors in the game, easily outclassing most standard armors and roughly equal in protectiveness to the final armor. Before that, the robes you can obtain by joining the wizard groups are also fairly par to whatever regular armor you can obtain at the time.
- Dragon Age:
- In Dragon Age: Origins, mages (with the exception of Arcane Warriors) are restricted to wearing robes not just because of class and stat restrictions (warrior armor has strength requirements, rogue armor has strength/dexterity requirements), but because wearing armor increases the wearer's fatigue, causing them to run out of mana/stamina more quickly, which is a liability for mages.
- Dragon Age II eschews the fatigue mechanism but still has class and stat restrictions on armor. There aren't any classic pointy wizard hats in either game, but the mage hats actually in the games are...interesting. (The silliness of the mage hats are a running joke in the fandom.)
- Dragon Age: Inquisition features helmets with no class restrictions (apart from qunari characters), resulting in parties where mages may be running around in full-metal, enclosed helmets while simultaneously restricted to light armor robes. However, Vivienne's default helmet is a hennin.
- Delphox in Pokémon X and Y has what appears to be a long skirt of fur and arm fluff of the same color that seems designed to evoke a wizard's robes.
- Male mages in most Fire Emblem games wear this, although the robe is more like a tunic, and they usually take off the hat upon promotion to Sage. In Fire Emblem: Awakening Miriel and Laurent both start out looking like this, and actually keep the hat no matter which class they change to.
- In Fantasy Life this is the case of both the Starter Equipment for those that choose the magician life and the outfit obtained at hero rank for that job. Other magicians also have either a pointy hat or a robe as part of their outfit.
- Downplayed in Fable: though the standard Will user's uniform is a robe-like tunic and trousers, magically focused players suffer no penalties from wearing heavy armour instead. Played for laughs with the wizard hat, which looks suitably mystical because it's a stage prop given to the hero by little kids.
Description: Some say wizard hats are specially designed to channel the mental energies of the Will. Others say they are specifically designed to look stupid.
- The Maid of Fairewell Heights: A black set is part of the Magic Room. When activated, Marshmallow says:
"A Wizard's robe and hat! I'd love to try them on!"
- The Wizard in Stardew Valley pairs his robe with a Stetson cowboy hat instead, to match the rural theme of the game.
- The Secret Island of Dr. Quandary: The titular character, an eccentric magician who transforms the player into a doll and forces them to brew a magical potion to escape and turn human again, wears a dapper broad-brimmed top hat as a sort of modern variation of this trope.
- Warframe, of all things, gets in on the act with Limbo. While normally themed after a Stage Magician, unlocking the Aristeas Helmet allows Limbo to have a more pointy piece of headgear. Add one of guns that shoot Fireballs or Chain Lightning, and Limbo's own exclusive dimension-hopping gimmick, and he's by far the most wizardly of the cast.
- Claus F. Lester from Tales of Phantasia, your party's summonner, wears a flowing robe and a pointy hat. Except in the original version for Super Famicom, where he wears a scholar's outfit with a mortarboard instead.
- The female version of Plague Knight from Shovel Knight wears a pointy hat in addition to Plague Knight's usual robe and beak mask.
- Yoriko Yasuzumi from the Arcana Heart series is an occultist who wears a wizard hat and a large cape. The hat and cape are created by Mike when he transforms between his cat form and demon staff form, and the cape has arms which he can use.
- Subverted with Aletheia of Granblue Fantasy. He's an old man who dresses exactly like a sterotypical fantasy wizard, but he's actually a swordsman who doesn't fight with magic in any way.
- The Legend of Zelda: A Link to the Past: Evil sorcerer Agahnim's hat isn't pointy but he has more than enough robe to make up for that.
- Okiku, Star Apprentice: The hat, as indicated by the Pointed Hat's Flavor Text:
There's an unspoken rule about wizards wearing these.
- Dragon Quest:
- Dragon Quest III: The male Mage even looks like a dead ringer for the classic Mage stereotype in the original artwork, wearing green robes, a cloak and a crooked pointy hat.
- Dragon Quest IX: The male Mage class wears a pink, embroidered robe, and a pointy yellow hat.
- Przygody Reksia: The wizards in the third game wear blue or red hats and robes adorned with moons or stars.
- Littlewood: Several mages are shown wearing a simple robe and a pointy hat in matching colors.
- The Chapel Chronicles: In Dumbledore Voodoo, Chapel wears a wizard cape and hat and uses a wand to find her math homework by using Accio Math Journal
- In The Witch's Throne, the Witch gains these after her Transformation Sequence.
- Though the party wizard doesn't wear a hat, Elan of The Order of the Stick puts one on when he's considering multiclassing to wizard. And while they don't wear hats, pretty much any wizard, sorcerer, or druid in the series wears robes, including Xykon, Vaarsuvius, and Roy's Dad. A couple side characters do wear hats as well, such as the Oracle, and the Azure City teleporting wizard.
- Sal from Emergency Exit occasionally, especially for magic users' conventions, wears a Stripperiffic version with one button holding the robe together, and nothing but a fishnet top and a loosely tied skirt beneath.
- Worn by all the teachers in Wizard School - including a striped referee robe and hat for the umpire of the magical sport Transmogritus.
- Evil Sorcerer Kakralomino from Tails of Lanschilandia wears a blue robe and over-sized wizard hat (that he has yet to take off apart from a brief Imagine Spot). The latter has earned him the name "ol' pointy-hat".
- 8-Bit Theater is a parody of Final Fantasy, so Red Mage and Black Mage dress in their respective robes and hats. The former often mocked for his hat with a feather, and the latter for his robe he gets after a class advancement that makes him look like some sort of jester.
White Mage: "Pardon me, clown?"
Black Mage: "Oh, this guy is not talking to me."
White Mage: "You there, in the doofy hat and parachute pants."
- Played straight in Ingress Adventuring Company when Toivo wears the classic wizard outfit while going on quests - wizard staff included.
- In Far Star Summer School, Headmistress Kzrikke of the Sunny Summer School for witches, wears a wide brimmed green witch hat, and a matching green sleeveless robe. Several of the teachers and students at the school also have their own sets of witchy attire.
- It's Mortimer's main outfit in Splitting Image, though other background wizards wear their own variations of the style.
- El Goonish Shive: Whenever Sarah pictures herself as a magic user, her imaginary self wears a pointy blue hat and some sort of robe-like judo gi.
- Sleepless Domain: Rue Bahia puts a more modern, punk-inpired spin on the Cute Witch look for her magical girl outfit. While she prominantly wears the classic pointed witch's hat, she forgoes the traditional robes in favor of an unbuttoned jacket with several small potion bottles strapped to the inside.
- The Trope Namer is the legendary tale of the man they call.... Bloodninja. (Warning: NSFW)
- Wizards, sorcerors and their like in Adylheim tend to follow this trope, mainly because it's a cultural expectation though and the wizards's staff, robes and occasionally hat are considered to be part of the uniform.
- The Wizard of the Spells-R-Us stories wears this outfit, although he's commonly called the Old Man and his new customers mistake it for a bathrobe.
- This random generator creates outfits along these lines.
- My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic:
- The Great and Powerful Trixie, a stage magician who likes to put on airs of being a powerful wizard, wears a purple cape and a floppy broad-brimmed wizard's hat, both decorated with blue and yellow stars. In a mild exaggeration of this trope, in "To Where and Back Again" she even has a long, floppy nightcap with the exact same pattern and color as her hat that she wears when she sleeps.
- Starswirl the Bearded, the most powerful unicorn wizard in history and essentially the Merlin of the FiM world, habitually wore a deep blue cape and wizard hat decorated with yellow stars and moons. These were additionally decorated with small golden bells adorning the hem of his cap and the tip and brim of his hat. Twilight wore a similar ensemble on Nightmare Nightnote to emulate him, and Starswirl himself was wearing the full getup when he appeared in "Shadow Play".
- Sunburst, Starlight Glimmer's childhood friend, wears a blue cape dotted with light blue stars as an adult. Played with, in that he's not actually a wizard and can't use magic very well, but he remains a very knowledgeable scholar of magic lore.
- Leonard from Ugly Americans wears a business suit and wizard hat. Even when he dons a suit of plate armor to join Lt. Grimes in hunting vampires, he removes his helmet before the fight, declaring, "I fight better in felt!"
- Magnifo from Mixels is designed to look like he's wearing a robe, and he does wear an actual wizard hat, as seen when it pops up. Mesmo wears dual wizard hats over his eyes like eyebrows. They're both part of the Wiztastics tribe, a tribe based around magic.
- Tooter Turtle on the King Leonardo show visited the robe/hat wearing Mr. Wizard (a lizard) to magic him into one occupation or another.
- Sorcerio the Inept Mage from Disenchantment wears the classic hat and cape, though the hat is really a Dunce Cap with stickers on it.
- Frequently parodied in The Owl House, with the lack of knowledge about real Witches as opposed to the fictional ones Luz Noceda reads about.
- Played for Laughs in "Witches before Wizards". Luz is so excited to begin her training under Eda that she puts on some "Witchy Clothes" in order to fit in. Said clothes consist of a bathrobe, and a traffic cone covered in so much dust that it has turned black and was mistaken for a hat by Luz.
- Played for Laughs again in "Lost in Language". Luz attempts to initiate a Big Damn Heroes moment when she goes to save Amity from a mutated Otabin. In doing so, she uses Amity's Diary to give her a robe in the style of The Good Witch Azura. This outfits lasts for around 30 seconds before Otabin catches her and closes the book dismissing it.
- Played straight in "Thanks to Them" and onwards, where Luz wears an Azura Halloween costume, complete with a large Witch's Hat. Said costume is the outfit that she wears in the battle against a Belos possessed Hunter, and later the outfit that she wears when the Hexsquad alongside Camila return to the Demon Realm. This gets taken even further when she gains a Super Mode from being infused with the Titan's life force in "Watching and Dreaming", with her white Auzura costume being swapped out for a black one that is far closer to the image of a Witch Classic.
- The classical grimoires, the books which purport to teach ritual magic, often include detailed instructions for making and consecrating the special ceremonial garb required by the ritual. This includes (and is usually not limited to) robes and (frequently pointy) hats. Many of these texts date back to the late middle ages.
- Many of the higher clergy in the Catholic Church, most notably the Pope. You can't tell us this doesn't get "Flowing Robe and Pointy Hat" points◊. Their original purpose was to be identified in a crowd easily and to symbolize their office.
- The Zoroastrian Magi of Persia are thought to have originated the pointed-hat look and symbol-covered robes, while the broad-brimmed hat and long white beard may be derived from Odin. The words "magic" and "mage" are derived from magi, so there might be something there.
- A number of ancient Saka people from in central and east Asia were found by archaeologists buried in incredibly tall pointy hats — which leads one to wonder just how far back this trope goes. The Saka were related to the above mentioned Zoroastrians, as they were both Iranian-language speakers. The Saka however did not wear robes, or at least wore trousers underneath them. Indeed one of the tribes of the Saka were called "Saka tigraxauda," or "Saka with pointed hats," by the Persians. ◊
- Academia generates a lot of fuss about ceremonial garb. There are no pointy hats, but there are hats you're only allowed to wear if you have a Ph.D., and the shape and color of graduates' hoods have a long and very specific history that varies depending on the institution. And, of course, they're accompanied by robes.
- During times of plague in the medieval era, doctors treating (to the extent of their understanding) plague victims really, seriously did wear big robes and hats, presumably to keep skin-to-skin contact to a minimum. They also wore creepy-looking masks with pointy faces stuffed with aromatics to filter the air they breathed (to ensure they didn't catch the plague themselves) and also cut down on the smell; many had little glass lenses to see out of. They even used staffs to point at people and direct them, since their voices were muffled. The combined effect was like something out of Silent Hill — especially when they were surrounded by all the rotting corpses. The only real difference in attire were the hats, while large and broad-brimmed, usually wasn't pointed. Mostly it was a flat and flappy hat that was a kind of a badge of profession for the medieval medics, and which looked rougly like a top hat that someone has sat on.
- The English style of headgear in the 17th century ran to high-crowned (pointy) hats, which became the stereotypical "witch's hat" in Halloween iconography.
- As far back as the 1300's, alewives (women who brewed and sold beer out of their homes) wore tall, wide-brimmed hats to denote their profession and make themselves more visible in marketplaces. Combine that with a bubbling cauldrons [of beer] and broomsticks (which were placed outside of homes to signal that ale was ready for sale/ consumption), and you get the stereotypical image of a witch. Research has shown that accusations of witchcraft were most often made against independent women (while alewives stood out as maybe the clearest example) so the image probably comes from that.