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Between 1996 and 1998, the first five games in the Touhou Project series were made for the NEC PC-98 computer by a doujin circle known as Amusement Makers, of which ZUN was a part.

So far Reimu, Marisa, Alice, and Yuuka are the only characters to have appeared in the Windows series, albeit with significant changes from their original incarnations. After a history of inconsistent statements on the topic, ZUN has confirmed in an interview that the PC-98 games are canon except when contradicted by later games.

This page is for Touhou characters who debuted in Highly Responsive to Prayers, Story of Eastern Wonderland, Phantasmagoria of Dim.Dream, Lotus Land Story, and Mystic Square.


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Debuted in Highly Responsive to Prayers

    Reimu Hakurei 

    Shingyoku 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/264f93a90e00f95d3fb73a4de193e1ee.png

Gatekeeper
Shingyokunote 

The gatekeeper to Hakurei Shrine, and the first boss in the entire series. Very little is known about Shingyoku, as it has neither dialogue nor an official profile.


  • Curtains Match the Window: The female form is an Evil Redhead with red eyes.
  • Death from Above: When in ball form, Shingyoku tries to squash Reimu.
  • Degraded Boss: Sort of. Story of Eastern Wonderland, Subterranean Animism, and Undefined Fantastic Object have enemies that appear to be based on Shingyoku's main form.
  • Evil Redhead: The female form is red-haired and evil.
  • Gender Bender: One form appears female, another looks male. The concept of yin and yang represents duality, after all.
  • Horned Humanoid: The female form has four horns.
  • Leitmotif: "The Positive and Negative"
  • Meaningful Name: Shingyoku can be written in kanji as 神玉, which translates to "divine orb".
  • Pink Girl, Blue Boy: Not exactly, but the Female's red hakama and the Male's blue one stand out.
  • Red Eyes, Take Warning: Is a villain and both their male and female forms have red eyes.
  • Warm-Up Boss: This is the first boss in Highly Responsive to Prayers (and, by extension, the entire franchise). This is probably why it has one of the lowest health pools and has some of, if not the, most simplistic attacks in the game.
  • Would Hit a Girl: One of its attacks in its ball form involves it trying to crush Reimu, her gender be damned.

    YuugenMagan 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th1_yuugenmagan.png

Evil Eyes
YuugenMagannote 

A generic boss Reimu encounters in the Makai, YuugenMagan is a set of five independently moving eyes that are connected by electricity.


  • Ambiguous Gender: Their gender is never even hinted at.
  • Combination Attack: All five eyes join their beams to produce a star shape.
  • Damage-Sponge Boss: Its health rivals the Final Bosses, who have the highest health pools in the gamenote .
  • Extra Eyes: Made of nothing but eyes.
  • Eye Beams: It can shoot beams from its eyes. One of its attack is the eyes shooting beams at each other, forming a pentagram. This pentagram then shoots bullets at you.
  • Faceless Eye: It takes the form of five disjointed eyes connected by electricity.
  • Instant Runes: Not as ornate as usual, but for one attack all five eyes fire beams that combine into a five-tipped star (pentagram).
  • Intangible Man: The connecting point of electricity vaguely looks like a person but cannot be hit by the Orb.
  • Leitmotif: "Angel's Legend", a theme she also shares with Mima in the first game.
  • Obviously Evil: Although there's no real information about the bosses in this game, we are talking about a cluster of disembodied eyes with the title "Evil Eyes" and the kanji for "evil" is displayed in the background during the battle...
  • Purple Is Powerful: A dangerous opponent that's partially colored purple.
  • Red Eyes, Take Warning: Has red eyes and is a dangerous boss for Reimu with the title of "Evil Eyes".
  • Wake-Up Call Boss: Despite only being the second boss in the first gamenote , YuugenMagan is clearly a step up in difficulty compared to Shingyoku. Despite having more hitboxes, it's less predictable and its attacks often cover more of the screen. Also, surprisingly, it has some of the highest health in the game.
  • Wolfpack Boss: A group of five eyes that attack Reimu.

    Elis 
Elis
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th1_elis.png

Innocent Devil
Elisnote 

Elis is the second boss Reimu faces in the Makai. She is a blonde girl that has devil wings, can turn into a bat, and carries a wand. Little else is known about her.


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    Sariel 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th1_sariel_6.png
First form

Angel of Death
Sarielnote 

Sariel is an angel of death and the Final Boss of the Makai route.


    Mima 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th1_mima_4.png
As seen in Highly Responsive to Prayers

Vengeful Ghost
Mimanote 

"You will die".

A vengeful spirit whom Reimu originally ran into during her trip into Jigoku. She later reappeared in Gensokyo, trying to get revenge on not just Reimu, but all people. After being shot down a second time, she gives up being evil and spends her time hanging around the Hakurei Shrine and making fun of Reimu.


  • A God I Am Not: Contemplates about becoming a Shinto god in her Mystic Square good ending, but decides to take it easy and goes to bother Reimu instead.
  • Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: Despite being present in four out of the five PC-98 games, a fan favorite, and having a significant connection to one of the characters who became the face of the franchise, she has yet to even be mentioned in the Windows series.
    • In Curiousities of Lotus Asia, Reimu makes an offhand comment that her shrine was once taken over by an evil spirit, which is what Mima (an evil spirit) once did.
    • Before Ten Desires, one of the PC-98 music re-release CDs has her on cover.
    • In Urban Legend in Limbo, one of Reimu's alternate colors appears to be a Mima palette.
  • Colliding Criminal Conspiracies: Her excuse for going to Makai in Mystic Square is that tourist devils are "trespassing on her turf".
  • Consummate Liar: Subversion. While she is quite capable of sticking to the trope, she more often than not just tells flat out lies for fun.
  • Curtains Match the Window: In most of her in-game appearances, Mima has green eyes and green hair.note 
  • Defeat Means Friendship: The original one in Touhou, although your mileage may vary on how "friendly" she and Reimu become. They're not trying to kill each other on sight anymore, at least.
  • Final Boss: The Stage 6 boss of "Story of Eastern Wonderland".
  • Fog Feet: She is generally seen with a ghost tail peeking under her dress.
  • Ghost Amnesia: She doesn't even remember how she became... whatever she is.
  • A Glass of Chianti: In Mystic Square's Extra ending she has wine served by Meido Alice.
  • Lady of Black Magic: Cool and confident, she has incredibly strong magical powers.
  • Leitmotif: She's racked up a few of them:
  • Lunacy: In her Phantasmagoria of Dim.Dream ending, she wished that the Full Moon will always be in the sky so that she will be at full power at all times. Yumemi grants it a little too literally, by placing a moon in geosynchronous orbit.
  • Our Ghosts Are Different: She denies being "dead" and refers to herself as simply being a soul. Given that Shinto is an animism in which anything, from living beings to objects, places and even words or concepts can harbour a soul, this makes more sense than you'd think, but Mima is still pretty different even by Shinto standards.
  • Power Gives You Wings: Grows four additional wings in her final attack phase in Story of Eastern Wonderland.
  • Promoted to Playable: She serves as one of the bosses in the first gamenamely  and, in the second game, she's the Final Boss. During the rest of her appearances in the PC-98 era, however, she's one of the Player Characters.
  • Purple Is Powerful: She's a powerhouse and her design in Story of Eastern Wonderland incorporates some purple.
  • Recurring Boss: Originally a lower level boss in Highly Responsive to Prayers, she returned as the final boss of Story of Eastern Wonderland.
  • Say It with Hearts: A good deal of her dialogue in Mystic Square.
  • Sealed Evil in a Can:
    • Was this very, very briefly in the Story of Eastern Wonderland ending.
    • Played more straight in her backstory, where she is described to be sealed in the Hakurei Shrine's hokora. Though she breaks out pretty easily and very often.
  • Stringy-Haired Ghost Girl: She decides to dress like a stereotypical ghost girl for fun in her good ending in Mystic Square.
  • Sword Beam: In Highly Responsive to Prayers, she uses a knife to shoot lasers.
  • Villainous Breakdown: In the second game, Mima loses some of her composure before the final part of her fight begins. Also, she doesn't seem to take it well when Reimu defeats her.
  • Wake-Up Call Boss: She serves as this in her debut. While she's only the second boss in the game (if you're in the Jigoku routenote ) her attacks are quite nastier than Shingyoku's and she has (slightly) more health than it.

    Kikuri 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th1_kikuri_0.png

Hellish Moon
Kikurinote 

The second boss Reimu meets in Jigoku, Kikuri is a bronze disk. Okay, there's an image of a girl on the disk, but it's still pretty strange.


    Konngara 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th1_konggara_31.png
Astral Knight
Konngaranote 
Konngara is the Final Boss of the Jigoku route.

Debuted in Story of Eastern Wonderland

    Genjii 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/genjii.png

Turtle
Genjii

"M'lady, please don't speak in that odd tone again".

An old turtle who serves as Reimu's transportation (since she hadn't yet learned how to fly under her own power), and on occasion attempts (unsuccessfully) to be her mentor, or at least give her advice. Disappeared without a trace after Mystic Square, though Word of God has stated that he's "probably living in the lake at the back of the shrine".


  • Chuck Cunningham Syndrome: Genji was one of the characters that didn't make it when the series was brought to Windows.
  • Flight: He can fly through unknown methods, and its how Reimu gets around before she figures out how to fly under her own power.
  • Older and Wiser: He's Reimu older advisor, although Reimu rarely ever heeds his advice.
  • Older Sidekick: He's much older than Reimu but serves as her number two.
  • Sapient Steed: He's a sapient turtle that Reimu rides around.
  • The One Guy: The one male character in the PC-98 games.
  • Wise Old Turtle: A giant, wise old turtle that serves as Reimu's advisor, as well a means of flying, in the early games. However, from the sixth game onwards, since Reimu is capable of flying on her own, Genjii is nowhere to be seen. ZUN Hand Waved it as him retiring and living quietly in the pond behind the shrine.

    Bakebake 
A recurring enemy in the PC-98 era, particularly in the early stages. They were also artificially created by Rika.

    Rika 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th02rika.png

Engineer
Rika

"Just die. And if you won't die, just go away!!"

Some sort of scientific genius. Before Story of Eastern Wonderland she creates a bunch of monsters and ghosts and decides to hang out at the Hakurei Shrine while Reimu was gone. Naturally, she gets her ass kicked. She later challenges Reimu on more even grounds riding the Evil Eye Sigma. First boss in a Touhou shooting game, and first extra stage boss.


  • Badass Normal: Unlike every other humanoid boss in the game, she doesn't fight by herself, but instead with the machines she has created, implying that aside from her genius engineering, she is powerless.
  • Bonus Boss: Manages to be both the first boss and the Bonus Boss by fighting in a new tank in the extra stage.
  • Brainy Brunette: She's a brunette and a competent Wrench Wench who created the Bakebake.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: Does this big time in the extra stage, with her and Reimu discussing this is what would have happened if Reimu has chased Rika instead of continuing to stage 2, and that this fight will be harder than anything else since it's the Extra stage...
  • Leitmotif: "She's in a Temper!"
  • Magic from Technology: In her stage 1 dialogue, she claims to have created evil spirits and monsters somehow.
  • Meaningful Name: "Rika" means "science", with different kanji.
  • Mundane Utility: Inverted. Despite possessing knowledge of the combustion engine, she uses it to build tanks as opposed to say, a car.
  • Million Mook March: She has an army of monsters and tanks at her disposal. Or rather, had one before Reimu trashed everything.
  • Not-So-Harmless Villain: She's first introduced as the Stage 1 Boss, but is ranked along with Yukari as one of the hardest extra stage bosses.
  • Recurring Boss: She's first seen as the stage 1 boss, then comes back for the extra stage with a new tank.
  • The Rival: Set up to be Reimu's rival during the second game, but nothing much really came out of it.
  • Sentry Gun: Uses autonomous guns as tools in her stages.
  • Schizo Tech: She drives tanks around in notably science-free Gensokyo.
  • Tank Goodness: Despite both tanks being destroyed by Reimu in short order, you have to give her credit given that she built them both by herself.
  • Unlimited Wardrobe: Despite being a relatively obscure character, Rika is noted for having several different outfits, most of them containing a bowtie somewhere.
  • What If?: The Extra Stage is explicitly explained [While Breaking the Fourth Wall horribly] to be a What If in the event that Reimu chased Rika after Stage 1 this in Rika's own dialogue. This in turn makes it Non-Canon; since Reimu didn't chase Rika; she continued onto Stage 2.
  • Wrench Wench: She's a technological genius capable of building entire tanks by herself.

    Unnamed Humanoid 
A humanoid who's the midboss of stage 2 in Story of Eastern Wonderland.
  • Evil Redhead: She's a redhead who attacks Reimu and Genji.
  • No Name Given: She's unnamed.
  • Red Is Violent: Her hair, part of her dress, and her bow are all colored red. She also attacks Genji and Reimu.

    Meira 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th02meira.png

Samurai
Meira

"I'm a woman, damn it!! What is wrong with you?!"

Attacks Reimu in an attempt to get the Hakurei powers for herself. Fails, and is never heard from again.


  • Bifauxnen: Has to declare herself as a woman to Reimu, who either isn't listening or doesn't care.
  • Hyper-Destructive Bouncing Ball: Her last attack is to sheath her sword and release several spheres that bounce around the screen. Hmmm, so that's why she wants the power of Hakurei...
  • Sword Beam: She can fire spread shot bullets usig her sword.
  • Sword Lines: She can carve a diamond shape in the air with these, which then starts shooting bullets.

    Unnamed Red Dots 
Midbosses in Story of Eastern Wonderland, namely stage 3.
  • Dual Boss: A downplayed case as they're midbosses. However, both of them are fought together.
  • No Name Given: Both of them are unnamed.
  • Red Is Violent: They're partially colored red, and they try to defeat Reimu and Genji.

    Unnamed Spheres 
Five nameless spheres fought in stage 3 of Story of Eastern Wonderland.
  • No Name Given: They're all nameless.
  • Red Is Violent: They all attack Genji and Reimu plus they're partially colored red.
  • Shows Damage: Type I. When Reimu damages the final sphere enough, it changes from grey to several colors.

    Unnamed Angelic Midboss 
In Story of Eastern Wonderland, she's the stage 4 midboss, although she's fought twice in the same stage.
  • Light Is Not Good: She has an angel-like appearance due to her angelic wings and holy attire. However, she also attacks Reimu and Genji.
  • No Name Given: We're never given her name.
  • Recurring Boss: Downplayed as she's a midboss. However, she's fought twice in stage 4 in the second game.
  • Winged Humanoid: She looks like a human woman, albeit one with angelic wings.

    Evil Eye Sigma 

Evil Eye Sigma

A flying tank built by Rika. Noted for being the first Extra-Stage Boss and being rather difficult to destroy.


  • Alliterative Name: Its name definitely seems to be a play on this with "Sigma" looking a lot like an "E".
  • Fake Difficulty: While usually regarded as one of the harder Extra Stage bosses, Touhou 2 dosen't have Focus. This means any attempt at Evil Eye Sigma is effectively a No-Focus run. In terms of actual patterns; Evil Eye Sigma is easily the simplest Extra Stage boss.
  • Contractual Boss Immunity: Averted. Unlike every other Extra Stage boss; Evil Eye Sigma dosen't become invulnerable while bombing.

    Marisa Kirisame 

Debuted in Phantasmagoria of Dim. Dream

    Ellen 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th03ellen.png

Hardworking witch who dreams of love
Ellen

"You reek of magic~. You're using famous spells too."

A witch that's eternally young in both body and mind.


  • Blessed with Suck: She does not grow old, but forgets things constantly. This memory loss causes her to remain somewhat childish.
  • Captain Ersatz: Is blatantly a copy of the protagonist of Hatarakimono, a manga by one of ZUN's favorite artists.

    Kotohime 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th03kotohime.png

A princess dreaming of beauty in danmaku
Kotohime

"Ah, your danmaku is beautiful. Simply amazing."

A princess, who is also a cop. Yeah, she weirds out pretty much everyone she meets, and not just because of her occupational choices.


  • Cloudcuckoolander: She's a princess who thinks she's a cop and likes to randomly collect things that only seem to interest her. The title of her theme suggests that she's insane.
  • Cowboy Cop: Loose cannon princess cop who blows things up and doesn't play by the rules.
  • Fair Cop: Claims to be a policewoman who is "undercover" as an ordinary person. Given that her idea of an "ordinary person" is a princess...
    • She visits Reimu in her police uniform in the epilogue if she wins.
  • Genius Ditz: Despite telling Yumemi to her face that science is heresy, Kotohime recognizes the electrical equipment in the ship, and her victory quote to Chiyuri is to start reciting the Periodic Table.
  • It Amused Me: Suggested as her most likely motivation for exploring the "ruins" with all the other player characters. This is supported when she defeats Yumemi and can't think of anything to wish for.
  • Leitmotif: "Maniacal Princess"
  • Mad Bomber: Not Ax-Crazy, but she is both mad and likes blowing stuff up.
  • Say It with Hearts: Shows up in the late-game encounters with Chiyuri and Yumemi.
    Chiyuri: ... You'd better do what I say if you know what's good for you!
    Kotohime: Okay, I will. ♥
  • Sheltered Aristocrat: According to her profile, she isn't allowed to leave home very often because of her strange personality. In addition, the characters who do recognize her tell her she should go home, suggesting that she doesn't have permission to be out this time, either.

    Kana Anaberal 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th03kana.png

Maiden poltergeist who's lost her dreams
Kana Anaberal

"Looks like there's nothing but weird people around here."

A poltergeist produced by an unstable girl. She normally haunts a western mansion, but the owner has gotten used to her, so she's bored.


    Rikako Asakura 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th03rikako.png

Scientist that looks for dreams
Rikako Asakura

"Why do you hold such an interest in magic when you already possess such a magnificent power?"

A rare inhabitant of Gensokyo that values science above magic. Despite this, she's actually a very powerful magician.


  • The Heretic: Reimu calls her heretical because she's one of the few people in Gensokyo who values science over magic.
  • Jet Pack: Doesn't use flying magic to go around due to her dislike for it, and instead uses a jetpack.
  • Leitmotif: "Visionary Game ~ Dream War." It's (supposedly) the longest theme in Touhou history.
  • Willfully Weak: She's quite strong magically, but she dislikes magic too much to use it often.

    Chiyuri Kitashirakawa 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th03chiyuri.png

Resident of fantasy that runs through time
Chiyuri Kitashirakawa

"No way out of this, huh...Let's fight!!"

Chiyuri is Yumemi's assistant and mostly spends time collating her research data. She also put out the fliers advertising the contest to reach the center of the "ruins" that recently appeared in Gensokyo. She doesn't always have a clear idea of what her boss intends, which results in her getting whacked over the head when she treats the contest winner rudely (read: threatens them with a gun). Yumemi then orders her to fight the heroines in order to collect more data. Oh, and her major is in "comparative physics". Whatever that means.


  • Teen Genius: She's in her teens and a supergenius. This is apparently normal in her dimension.
  • The Man Behind the Man: It's revealed in Ellen's scenario that Chiyuri was the one who wrote the pamphlets inviting people to the Ruins; and promising a 'present to give happiness'. Yumemi's reaction to Ellen bringing this up strongly implies Yumemi was not even aware Chiyuri did this or made such a promise; making Chiyuri the actual instigator of the game's events.
  • Time Master: ...Maybe. She's got a definite time theme going on with her theme, attack names, and bomb, but none of this manifests during gameplay and it's never mentioned in the story.
  • Verbal Tic: Ends most of her sentences with "ze." Apparently a Shout-Out.

    Yumemi Okazaki 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th03yumemi.png

Fantasy legend
Yumemi Okazaki

"I want to take you home and make you my guinea pig, and learn all the secrets of your power and make it mine!!"

Yumemi is a professor of "comparative physics" at a university in another dimension where all natural forces have been explained by a Grand Unified Theory. When she dares to suggest that the theory doesn't explain magic, she is laughed out of the university and sets off on a journey to prove that it exists. Her ship lands in Gensokyo to capture someone to use in her experiments. Asskicking ensues and she leaves empty-handed. In spite of her disappointing failure, she still rewards the heroines generously.


  • Badass Cape: Wears one during fights as her "battle wear". Her text on the selection screen states she's obsessed with them.
  • Badass Normal: Probably the most standout example of this trope across the entire series, if not in video games entirely considering the scope of the beings she contends with. She is not only merely an 18 year old human girl, but a naturally powerless one at that: no magic or special qualities whatsoever. To circumvent this, she manages to scientifically synthesize imitation magic significant enough to be the final boss of what is commonly considered the most difficult game in the series to 1cc.
  • Big Bad: The main villain of Phantasmagoria of Dim. Dream. Though she turns out to be really quite amicable.
  • The Captain: Captain of a probability space hypervessel.
  • Cross Attack: She fights with cross-shaped explosions. Ellen asks if she's a Christian.
  • Earth-Shattering Kaboom: Threatens to blow up the Earth with a "four-dimensional positron bomb" after her defeat. She claims she's only kidding, but that doesn't stop Chiyuri from whacking her over the head with a folding chair.
  • Evil Redhead: She's the primary baddie in Phantasmagoria of Dim. Dream and her hair is red.
  • Final Boss: As she's the stage 6 Boss of Phantasmagoria of Dim. Dream, she's the game's last obstacle.
  • Improbable Age: Is a college professor despite being only 18.

    Ruukoto 

Ruukoto

When (and if) Reimu beat Yumemi, she asked for an assistant who could handle all of the day-to-day chores around the shrine. What she got was a nuclear-powered robot maid who isn't necessarily good at her job. After this, Ruukoto was never seen again.


  • Robot Maid: She is a robot Yumemi built for Reimu to take care of chores around the shrine.

Debuted in Lotus Land Story

    Orange 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th04orange.png

Supernatural Creature
Orange

"I'll bang, shoot, and pop your head off!"

A mountain youkai that gets attacked by the player character for no particularly good reason.


  • Warm-Up Boss: Her status as the first boss in Lotus Land Story is apparently why her bullets give you plenty of breathing room and are slow-moving. It's even possible to defeat her before she fully performs one of her attacks without bombing.

    Kurumi 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th04kurumi.png

Vampire Girl
Kurumi

"Anyway, I'll show no mercy to anyone who tries to pass through, whether they're a shrine maiden or not!!"

A vampiress that attempts to stop the player from reaching the island in the lake filled with blood.


    Mirror-like Being 
The third midboss of Lotus Land Story.

    Elly 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th04elly.png

The Porter of a Mansion
Elly

"I'm the guardian here, Elly".

The gatekeeper to Yuuka's mansion. She's completely useless at her job, letting both Reimu and Marisa by. Not that Yuuka even needs a gatekeeper, considering her own power and how isolated her mansion is...


  • Bad Liar: Likely Played for Laughs. If you're playing as Marisa, Elis tries and fails to lie to her that she defeated Reimu. The fact she greatly sweats while claiming this probably didn't help.
  • Battle Butler: An unusual instance in which the warrior servant of the Stage 6 boss is not the second-to-last enemy in the game. Elly is only the stage 3 boss.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: In the demo version, Elly explains to Reimu and Marisa that the game ends here. Both heroines complain about this.
  • Combat Pragmatist: She'll hit you with anything she can, including ripping up floor tiles to throw at you.
  • Leitmotif: "Bad Apple!" and "Spirit Battle ~ Perdition Crisis". Due to a famous fan vid, the former is much better-known than Elly herself.
  • Gate Guardian: She guards the gate to Yuuka's mansion, though she is utterly awful at her job. Although this may have something to do with a vampiress inhabiting the only route to her gate.
  • The Grim Reaper: Her design is based on the Ankou version of a Grim Reaper; which is a French inspiration.
  • Nigh-Invulnerability: Before she starts to throw her scythe. Notable as it's the only time a Stage 3 boss has a survival phase in any Touhou game, the only survival phase in PC-98, and the first survival phase in any Touhou game [Unless you really want to count Evil Eye Sigma self-destructing as a "phase"].
  • Mind over Matter: Her ability to hurl floor tiles and throw her scythe like a boomerang could be explained by some form of telekenesis.
  • Sinister Scythe: Wields a scythe in her bossfight and is opposed to Reimu and Marisa.

    Yuuka 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/yuka_kazami_2.png
PC-98 era
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th09yuukakazami_8.png
Windows era

[PC-98]
Oriental Demon
Yuuka

[Windows]
Flower Master Of The Four Seasons
Yuuka Kazami

"It doesn't matter if you're a god, power is everything!"

An old and extremely powerful flower youkai first found living in the dream world, Mugenkan, and currently inhabiting the Garden of the Sun. She is sleeping at the time and only defends herself because Reimu and Marisa broke in and woke her up. Naturally, she loves her flowers and is actually more like a force of nature than a typical youkai.


  • Ax-Crazy: Her PC-98 version is heavily implied to be incredibly sadistic and entertained by violence, even proudly proclaiming that genocide is just a game to her.
  • Berserk Button: Those caught disturbing her flowers have a nasty habit of getting vaporized on the spot.
  • Blue-and-Orange Morality: Is generally peaceful and polite. If she is disturbed in any way, she is consistently recognized as one of the most dangerous beings in Gensoukyou. The problem is figuring out what disturbs her. Abusing flowers: death. Running a flower shop, where they are cut up, arranged with other cut flowers, and left to die: perfectly okay. If you are weak and don't disturb her, she'll ignore you as not worth her time; antagonize her, and she kills you. If you are strong and disturb her, she happily challenges you to a formal but non-lethal duel. When accused of being behind an incident, she makes no claims to be innocent, even though she is, and in fact actively goads the accuser into a fight. If PC-98 depictions are still considered canon, she once invaded the underworld, told the Satan equivalent she did it because she was bored, and says that genocide is just a game, whether it's on humans or demons. Debate still rages whether she actually believes that or only said it to piss Shinki off. If asked, her answer would probably be "yes."
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: Mainly in her bad ending in Mystic Square where she talks to the player, asking them to try again another time in a kind fashion.
  • Doppelgänger Attack: A few of her attacks as Lotus Land Story's final boss.
  • The Dreaded: Far and away one of the most feared youkai in Gensokyo.
  • Final Boss: The Stage 6 boss of Lotus Land Story.
  • The Gadfly: Loves rubbing people the wrong way. Goes hand in hand with It Amused Me. How much is up to the reader.
  • Green Thumb: Being a flower youkai, her power is the manipulation of flowers. Unlike other Touhou characters who have vague or seemingly useless powers that can potentially be dangerous, her flower manipulation really isn't suited for battle at all. This doesn't hinder her, though, since she already has a lot of raw physical and magical power.
  • Guest Fighter: Shows up in Kioh Gyoku as a playable character.
  • It Amused Me: When she's a protagonist, her main motivations for picking fights were "it amused me".
  • Just Here for Godzilla: In-Universe. The other characters assume because she's a flower-manipulating youkai that she's responsible for the events of Phantasmagoria of Flower View. In reality she's just there to enjoy the mass flower blooming before the incident is resolved.
  • Lady of War: According to Perfect Memento in Strict Sense, she incorporates flower petals in her attacks and her fights are said to be beautiful to watch.
  • Leitmotif: Like Mima, she's racked up a few:
  • Let's Fight Like Gentlemen: Provided the opponent isn't someone who crossed her, Yuuka enjoys a good, fair fight with rules discussed beforehand to prevent unnecessary deaths.
  • Mighty Glacier: Relatively speaking, with the slowest move speeds in Phantasmagoria of Flower View (so slow that some characters can outspeed her even while they're in Focus Mode and she isn't) but with very high charge speeds matched only by Reimu, Aya and Tewi, as well as a reputation for being very old and powerful. Since in most Touhou games the protagonist is a One-Hit-Point Wonder who relies on dodging to survive (and she's never appeared in the fighting games), in her playable appearances she's technically more of a Glass Cannon.
  • Moe: Invoked in her bizarre character profile in Kioh Gyoku, with ZUN repeatedly referring to her as "youkai moe~" and the term became almost endemic. Possibly a pun - moe literally means budding. That and various offical things casting her in a cute light.
  • Names to Run Away from Really Fast: In-universe, Akyuu's profile on her states you should never interact with under any circumstance.
    • Akyuu also lists her "Human Friendliness Level" as "worst". This put her below youkai that still hunt humans like Rumia, the human-hating Medicine, and the insane human-blood drinking vampire Flandre. She is the only character to get the Worst rating.
  • Nightmare Fuel Station Attendant: She acts like she was just teasing... with jokes about genocide and murder.
  • Not Me This Time: She's the prime suspect behind the flowers blooming in Phantasmagoria of Flower View, as she has caused an incident before and is a youkai of flowers, but it turns out to be a (mostly) natural phenomenon.
  • Parasol of Pain: She always carries a parasol (though it is actually a flower that never withers).
  • Peek-a-Bangs: During the final battle with her in Lotus Land Story.
  • Perfect Run Final Boss: Just like with Kaguya, if you used a continue before the final stage, you never saw it. If you lost all your lives during it, it would end immediately. Unlike Kaguya, it also doubles as Easy-Mode Mockery.
  • Promoted to Playable: Although she's the stage 5 and 6 boss of Lotus Land Story, she's one of the Player Characters in Mystic Square and Phantasmagoria of Flower View.
  • Psycho Pink: Both of her outfits in her debut incorporate pink, in which she's mentally unwell plus antagonistic to the Player Character. Averted in Mystic Square, in which she no longer sports pink. Further averted when she reappears in the Windows era, as she has a different and more affable personality.
  • Recurring Boss: In Lotus Land Story, she first appears as the stage 5 boss, then comes back for the final stage.
  • Red Eyes, Take Warning: Her redesign in the Windows era depicts her as red-eyed and she's one of the strongest characters in Gensokyo. Averted in the PC-98 era, in which she has green eyes.
  • Right Man in the Wrong Place: Her route in POFV is only because random people kept running into her and accusing her of starting the whole Incident. Her response is a Sure, Let's Go with That.
  • Same Character, But Different: Yuuka in the PC-98 canon was a demonic Humanoid Abomination heavily implied to be, if nothing else, a complete and utter monster, happily talking about her interest in brutally killing anyone she meets without a second thought. Come her reintroduction in Phantasmagoria of Flower View and she's not only changed species to a flower Youkai, but has taken much more benign personality (provided one doesn't damage her flowers). She's even stated to frequent the Human Village's florist, and is largely amicable to humanity.
  • Say It with Hearts: Much of her dialogue in the PC-98 games.
    Yuuka: In a few hours, you'll become a mist of atoms. ♥
  • Stronger with Age: One of the most powerful beings in Gensokyo, purely as a result of being around for so long.
  • Time Abyss: Let's put it this way: Eiki Shiki declared that her "sin" is that she's lived for too long. When she said this about a human, said human had lived for over a millennium. Now, consider how much longer youkai already live than humans.
  • What Kind of Lame Power Is Heart, Anyway?: In a world where even the weakest powers get some kind of powerful application, Yuuka's ability to manipulate flowers is as simple as making them bloom and turning them to face the sun. Great for gardening, not so much for fighting. However, in the end that doesn't really matter since she's so physically and magically powerful due to her great age.
  • World's Best Warrior: Yuuka is a very long-lived and wisened youkai, and therefore has quite possibly the strongest raw physical and magical power out of everyone in Gensokyo, to the point that her foes need their spoils from the Superpower Lottery just to match her.

    Mugetsu 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th04mugetu.png

Maid
Mugetsu

"I'm Mugetsu. And this is my world."

The goddess of the dream world the player character stumbles into during the Extra stage, apparently.


    Gengetsu 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th04gengetu.png

Demon
Gengetsu

"Don't underestimate me. The two of us put together are actually a full-fledged adult!"

Mugetsu's older sister and a demoness. Seriously, that's about all we know about her.


  • Bonus Boss: The other extra stage boss of Lotus Land Story.
  • Contractual Boss Immunity: The first Extra Stage boss to have Bomb immunity.
  • Divinely Appearing Demons: She is stated to be a demon, but she looks like an angel instead.
  • Giant Space Flea from Nowhere: Gengetsu is not in any way connected to the main plot. She just fights because you're beating up Mugetsu and has no idea why Reimu and Marisa are even there.
  • Increasingly Lethal Enemy: Exaggerated to the point of essentially being a Time-Limit Boss. It is common for Touhou extra stage bosses to have a final attack which becomes progressively more deadly as time goes on, but in Gengetsu's case, timing out her maxed out spread is not merely very hard - under normal conditions, it is virtually impossible.
    • Gengetsu is also unique in the sense that while most Extra and Final bosses have a final attack that has a punishing timeout phase if you try and cheese the fact the attack becomes more intense as the boss' HP drops; Gengetsu does this on almost every single phase.
  • Intangible Man: While moving around. She also dosen't have a physical hitbox, so you can't die by crashing into her. Probably a good thing given her Teleport Spam
  • Kamehame Hadoken: Can also break out a spark, though it's not quite as big as Yuuka's.
  • Leitmotif: "Cute Devil ~ Innocence"
  • More Dakka: This is what happens if you try to time out Gengetsu's final attack. Fans don't call it "Gengetsu Rape Time" for nothing.
  • Spell My Name with an S: The K-S Romanization is Gengetu.
  • Stronger Sibling: Breaking a the Touhou tradition, she's the older sister but still the stronger one.
  • Winged Humanoid: She looks human and she's got angel wings, despite being a demoness.

Debuted in Mystic Square

    Sara 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05sara.png

Gate Keeper
Sara

"Well, you'll be my first prey in a while."

Another one of those useless gatekeepers, Sara guards the doorway to Makai. Seems to consider humans food.


    Luize 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05luize.png

Demon Boundary Person
Luize

"Well, Makai is a nice place, so relax and do some sightseeing while you're here ☆."

A tourist from Makai. Had the bad luck of running into the heroine before she could make it to Gensokyo.


    Alice 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05alice2.png
PC-98 era
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th07alice.png
Windows era
[PC-98]
Witch of Death
Alice

[Windows]
Seven-Colored Puppeteer
Alice Margatroid

"Silly shrine maiden, your two-colored powers are a mere twenty-eight-point-five-seven-one-four percent as powerful as mine!"

Another magician that lives in the Forest of Magic, and neighbor to Marisa. Her power is magic, with her signature ability being the manipulation of her dolls. She's mostly aloof and self-confident, but is still willing (if reluctant) to work together with Marisa and isn't above showing kindness to others.


  • Action Bomb: She sends dolls stuffed with gunpowder to blow up in people's faces.
  • Alice Allusion: Aside from the obvious references, her name becomes a Stealth Pun when you remember that she now lives in Gensokyo (since "Gensokyo" literally means "fantasy land"...or "Wonderland", if you will).
  • Attack Drone: Her dolls do most of the attacking.
  • Attack Reflector: She has this in Mystic Square.
  • Badass Bookworm: Like all Magicians she researches to improve the strength of her magic.
  • Beneath the Mask: The official profiles (as well as Suika) call her out on her assuming a cool, confident front to hide her timid and cowardly true persona.
  • Black Magician Girl: Somewhat, as she eskews more traditional magic in favour of puppetry.
  • Bonus Boss: In Mystic Square. She's also the only Bonus Boss in all of Touhou that gives the player an ending and credit sequence after beating her, although it is actually a list of all the PC-98 characters.
  • Breaking the Fourth Wall: Along with Marisa in Subterranean Animism. This continues into the Extra stage, where after defeating the mid-boss, Alice says to Marisa: "Look, it's the extra dungeon for after you beat the game. Good luck!"
  • Creating Life: Her greatest ambition is to create a doll that can act independently instead of being puppeteered by her magic.
  • Creepy Doll: Her dolls are usually depicted as more cute in official material, but some of her spellcards certainly suggest this trope with names like "Eerily Luminous Shanghai Dolls" and "Hanged Hourai Dolls". Not to forget that most of them are armed, shoot, or explode.
  • Curtains Match the Window: Has yellow eyes to match her blonde hair in PC-98 canon.
  • Deadpan Snarker: Her dialogue with Marisa in Imperishable Night and to a lesser extent Subterranean Animism consists essentially of the two witches throwing snarky comments at each other and occasionally at their opponent. She's much more polite and subdued when speaking alone to the other characters, so we can just blame the black-white's bad influence.
  • Demoted to Extra: Hit hard by this. Alice was one of the most prominent characters in the series during the original Windows trilogy, appearing not just as the Stage 3 boss of Perfect Cherry Blossom, but also Marisa's partner in Imperishable Night, a member of the playable roster in Immaterial and Missing Power, and a recurring character in print works, putting her roughly on the same level as the likes of Remilia, Yuyuko, and Yukari. After the Soft Reboot in Mountain of Faith, however, her prominence dwindled rapidly, and after appearing as one of Marisa's shot options in Subterranean Animism she was eventually relegated to a rarely appearing and mentioned background character with no significant role. As of 2022, she has yet to have had a speaking part since 2009.
  • Early Installment Character-Design Difference: Originally, she had a more child-like appearance and her dress had a different design. She also now sports a red headband, which she didn't wear in her debut.
  • Eating Optional: According to Akyuu, Alice hasn't needed to eat or sleep since she became a youkai magician, but she does so anyway.
  • Elemental Powers: When using her grimoire, she gains control over fire, ice, and possibly other elements as well.
  • Everything's Better with Rainbows: Her moniker is the "Seven-Colored Puppeteer", and she fires multicolored danmaku.
  • Expy: According to ZUN, her PC-98 incarnation was heavily inspired by Alice.
  • Final Boss: She's the last opponent in Cirno's story in Hisoutensoku.
  • For Science!: Attacks Reimu, Marisa, and Sakuya in Perfect Cherry Blossom because she needed test subjects for their dolls, and they just so happened to be there. This also extends to her appearance as the final boss of Cirno's campaign in Hisoutensoku, where she uses the hapless fairy as a test subject for her new Titania and Goliath dolls.
  • Hyperspace Arsenal: While fighting she seems to use an infinite amount of dolls.
  • Kamehame Hadoken: Seems to have some form of strong beam attack, although it is inconsistently named. In the fighting games at least, it's fired out of a doll much like Marisa uses her mini-Hakkero to fire her Sparks.
  • Leitmotif: Where to begin?:
  • Kaleidoscope Eyes: Perhaps fittingly for someone with the title "Seven-Colored Puppeteer", in Windows canon she goes from having blue eyes in Perfect Cherry Blossom to green in Immaterial Missing Power, orange in Imperishable Night, and then green again in Scarlet Weather Rhapsody and Hisotensoku.
  • Make My Monster Grow: The Level Titania & Goliath Doll, her last 2 cards in Cirno's Final Boss fight in Hisoutensoku have her dolls turn gigantic. The latter is a Survival Card.
  • Marionette Master: Her puppets have no degree of automation, so even though she uses them to clean her house, it doesn't really make it much easier since she has to micromanage every single one of them. It makes her habit of holding one-sided conversations with them a little odder, too.
  • Mundane Utility: Alice uses her doll army to do the chores.
  • Recurring Boss: In Mystic Square, she is the stage 3 boss and the Extra stage boss, then in Perfect Cherry Blossom, she appears multiple times in stage 3.
  • Same Character, But Different: In Mystic Square, Alice is a resident of Makai, supposedly a demon created by Shinki like everyone else there. However, when she was reintroduced for the Windows series, her background was changed so that she is a youkai magician living in the Forest of Magic (and, at least according to Akyuu, she was born human and became a magician through training). She also looks much older, despite there only being one game between appearances and no one else aging as distinctly, and has gained a surname and a focus on dolls.note 
  • Shout-Out:
  • Spell Book: Since her appearance as Bonus Boss in Mystic Square, she's always seen carrying a sealed book, but hasn't opened it since then. This is what happened when she did. In Mystic Square it's titled "The Grimoire of Alice" while the Windows book has no visible label, but it's strongly implied that she still owns a book by that name.note 
  • Theme Naming:
    • Location Theme Naming: Many of Alice's spell cards are named for places. Most famous are her "Eerily Luminous Shanghai Dolls" and "Hanged Hourai Dolls", to the point where fanworks almost universally portray her with individual dolls named Shanghai and Hourai, although in Perfect Cherry Blossom she seems to have quite a large collection from all over the world, such as "Chalk White Russian Dolls" and "Benevolent French Dolls".
    • Colourful Theme Naming: Using a color theme similar to the one used in Ran, Chen, and Yukari's names, Alice's title is the "Seven-Colored Puppeteer". Since Reimu is only a red and white shrine maiden, Alice asserts that Reimu is only 28.5714% (or 2/7ths) as strong as her in the dialogue before her boss fight.note 
  • True Sight: Has the ability to perceive Keine's true form, Mokou's immortality, and the invisible light of the full Moon just by a glance.
  • Unknown Rival: Reimu doesn't recall her name both times they fight after her initial appearance, first in the extra stage of Mystic Square. She fails to recognize her completely in their reunion in Perfect Cherry Blossom. Naturally, Alice was annoyed. She didn't really seem to care much after that, and they're shown to be on at least decent terms later on.
  • Vitriolic Best Buds: Alice and Marisa spend most of their time onscreen together snarking at each other, but she's implied to be genuinely a close friend of hers.
  • Mage Species: Alice eventually became a youkai magician as a result of her research into magic.
  • Willfully Weak: She never fights at her full strength, because she's afraid of what it might mean if she lost while going all out. This idea is often connected to the fact that she carries a grimoire that she's never been seen opening since her PC-98 appearance.

    Yuki 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05yuki01.png

Black Witch
Yuki

"I'll lead you to a place where you can rest forever ♥."

Tries to stop the player character once she gets into Makai, alongside Mai.


    Mai 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05mai01.png

White Witch
Mai

"Now that she's not dragging me down, I can finally get serious."

Fights the heroine alongside Yuki. Quiet. Usually.


    Yumeko 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05yumeko.png

Maid
Yumeko

"How can you let such a person just leave like this!"

A blade-throwing maid and one of Shinki's strongest servants. Tries to protect Shinki from the heroines. Fails.


  • Flechette Storm: Technically, they're swords, but she uses them like knives.
  • Intangible Man: Woman in her case, but she can temporarily phase out while moving.
  • Leitmotif: "Doll of Misery"
  • Magnum Opus: Shinki outright says "Out of everything I've created, Yumeko was of the highest caliber..." in every scenario except Marisa's, although when pressed by Mima on it she claims Yumeko is "a normal inhabitant of Makai" and "not a golem".
  • Ninja Maid: The original one from the series, Shinki's warrior maid and one of her strongest servants.
  • Space Master: Implied to be capable of manipulating space, with her being intangible when moving, the background being distorted during her fight, and her swords having fancier materializing animations compared to other projectiles in the game.
  • Storm of Blades: Her bullets are lots and lots swords.

    Shinki 
https://static.tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pub/images/th05shinki.png

Goddess of Devil's World
Shinki

"Defeat me? How foolish!! A shrine maiden is nothing more than a dog of the gods."

The creator of Makai. Since she allowed a travel agency in Makai to organize tours into Gensokyo, the heroines decide to beat her up.


  • Affably Evil: The whole reason that Reimu, Marisa, and Mima went to fight her is that she was allowing demons from Makai to cross over to Gensokyo as tourists. This started causing problems there.
  • Creating Life: Explicitly stated to have created Yumeko and all other Makai residents. Whether or not this includes Alice is up to speculation and individual interpretation.
  • Dark Is Not Evil: Has white hair, dresses in blood-red robes with black and white hems, has dark wings covered in ominous symbols, is the creator of the Realm of Demons and all of its demonic denizens, yet she completely averts the White Hair, Black Heart, Red and Black and Evil All Over and Evil Wings tropes and flips the idea that demons are evil on its head for good measure.
  • Death In All Directions: Literally in the later portions of her winged form attack, including Beam Spam and even More Dakka than usual.
  • Final Boss: Being the stage 6 boss of Mystic Square, she's the last boss in said game.
  • Energy Weapon: Has a particularily awe-inspiring penultimate attack that covers most of the screen in sweeping lasers and bullet patterns. She actually ends up destroying Makai with this attack. The attack pattern was later reused by Byakuren as her "Devil's Recitation" Spell Card... Well, of course it would be a recitation: Shinki declared it first.
  • God Empress: She is the divine creator of Makai and all of its denizens plus is their official ruler.
  • The High Queen: You'd think the creator and ruler of the Demon Realm would fit the other trope but, no, Shinki's genuinely pretty nice, and the invasion of Earth was not so much an "invasion" as it was an unannounced tourism venture.
  • Leitmotif: "Legendary Illusion ~ Infinite Being". The fangame Magus in Mystic Geometries adds "AN ORDEAL FROM GOD" (composed by ZUN).
  • Person of Mass Destruction: At the end of her final attack phase, in the background you can see a bunch of buildings going up in flames.
  • Physical Goddess: And is not one of the lesser goddesses, either, being borderline omnipotent, capable of creating her own world, filling said world with lifeforms and destroying it when she goes all-out.
  • Power Gives You Wings: Grows six white seraphic wings for battle. Which then change color to a more demonic purple.
    • Oddly, she loses them again during the final attack, perhaps because she is exhausting the last of her power.
  • Satan: For the Touhou universe, as she's the Goddess of Makai, has white seraph wings that may turn a demonic purple, and lives in "Pandaemonium." Of course this being Touhou means:
  • Satan Is Good: She is a friendly person despite being ruler of Makai, but can get very annoyed if one attacks her.
  • Winged Humanoid: Has six purple wings with red markings.

Alternative Title(s): PC 98 Era, Touhou Reiiden Highly Responsive To Prayers, Touhou Highly Responsive To Prayers, Touhou Fuumaroku The Story Of Eastern Wonderland, Touhou Story Of Eastern Wonderland, Touhou Yumejikuu Phantasmagoria Of Dim Dream, Touhou Phantasmagoria Of Dim Dream, Touhou Gensokyo Lotus Land Story, Touhou Lotus Land Story, Touhou Kaikidan Mystic Square

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