Don: But we know nothing about it—!
R.F. What's to know? You do what you always did! Just add talking to it!
A classic 1952 Musical film from MGM, Singin' in the Rain happened when the legendary team of Comden and Green were given the keys to the studio's music vaults and told to pound out a script based on what they found inside.note
The result, co-directed and choreographed by Stanley Donen and Gene Kelly, is a frothy but sledgehammer-accurate comedy set during the transition from silent film to talkies — a period of major upheaval in the movie industry, as stars learned to cope with the novel concept of 'talking' and all its attendant requirements. Chief among them being, of course, that now they had to act.
Don Lockwood (Kelly) is the current king of silent Hollywood, one-half (or perhaps three-quarters) of the A-list team Lockwood & Lamont. His "partner" is Lina Lamont (Jean Hagen), a bottle-blonde, bubble-brained diva whose ego has long since turned Don off any thought of carrying their romance off-screen... not that he can convince Lina of that.
In the main, however, Don's the George Clooney of his day: rich, debonair, enjoying the perks of celebrity life to the hilt. Loyally at his side at all times is his lifelong best buddy and current studio musician Cosmo Brown (Donald O'Connor), who is just tactful enough to keep quiet about the duo's past as a failed vaudeville act.
Then, fleeing a mob of fans one night, Don's rescued by self-described "serious actress" Kathy Selden (Debbie Reynolds). She not only proves immune to his movie star charms but accuses him of having no artistic substance whatsoever: "just a lot of dumb show!" Don is incensed, but her words prove prophetic with the startling acclaim for The Jazz Singer. The studio abruptly (as in mid-take) decides to make the current Lockwood & Lamont picture a "talkie" too.
Cue frantic — and cringe-worthy — attempts on everyone's part to come to grips with the new technical requirements. Unfortunately, no technology in the world can remedy Lina's voice, a shrill Brooklyn screech completely at odds with her silent image as a refined leading lady.
Faced with utter ruin when the now wildly-anachronistic Dueling Cavalier is hooted down at a test screening, Don, Cosmo and Kathy cook up a plan so stupid it just might work: convert the whole mess into a fantasy musical. Of course, Don's co-star can't sing any better than she can speak. Thus, inspired by a synchronization accident during the screening, Cosmo also invents dubbing, and arranges for Kathy to secretly record all of Lina's songs and dialogue. Inevitably, Lina discovers the ruse—and is suddenly threatening to ruin everyone's careers and potentially seize the studio. Maybe she's not as dumb as she looks...
Will Kathy be forced to give up her dreams? Or will the power of True Love win out over studio greed? And will Cosmo ever get to "start suffering and write that symphony"?
This film provides examples of:
- '50s Hair: Much of the cast's hairstyles are almost 50s-style 1920s 'dos. It's Cyd Charisse's sleek bob that felt nigh-accurate.
- Abhorrent Admirer: Lina, for Don. Lina herself, however, is undaunted.
- Added Alliterative Appeal: "Well, here comes our lovely leading lady now!"
- Advertised Extra: Advertisements for the classic movie listed the names of all its stars, which was common at the time. However along with the people you would expect (Kelly, OConner, Reynolds, Hagen, Mitchell) they had Cyd Charisse. She was in the movie for less than 3 minutes as Kellys dance partner during a Big-Lipped Alligator Moment (which was inside another Big-Lipped Alligator Moment). The strange thing is that Charisse was not a star yet it probably would not have made a difference whether people saw the movie or not. You could chalk it up to fanservice.
- Affectionate Parody: Of the early Hollywood musicals, spoofing how sound screwed many things up. And like the best affectionate parodies, it pokes fun by being a great example of an old school Hollywood musical.
- Alliterative Name: The lovely leading lady herself, Lina Lamont, as well as the team of Lamont and Lockwood. Had they thought to also give Don a name that starts with L, they could have had The Lockhorns on their hands.
- All Just a Dream: The framing device used to switch The Dueling Cavalier from accidentally campy to intentionally campy.
- All Love Is Unrequited: "Broadway Melody" involves the guy not getting the girl, who wasn't interested in him in the first place.
- The Alleged Car: Cosmo's.Cosmo: I can't understand it. This car hasn't given me a lick of trouble in nearly six hours.
- All Musicals Are Adaptations: The Musical of the film exists, and has had at least one Broadway run, but Singing In The Rain is famous for being an original film musical: one of the few that was not based on a previous film, book, play or Broadway production.
- Almost Kiss: Between Don and Cyd Charrisse in "Broadway Melody". All the mobster has to do is offer a diamond necklace to her and Don is rejected.
- Anachronism Stew: The film takes place in the late 1920s at the very start of the sound era, however the "Beautiful Girl" segment, supposedly being shot for a movie of the era, is technologically too advanced for what was possible at the time (compare the real-life film of the era, The Broadway Melody). The closing musical segment is also supposed to theoretically be part of a film within the film, however it too is far more advanced than would have been possible in the late 1920s, however it is presented as a fantasy sequence, so does not necessarily count as an anachronism.
- Arc Word: 'Dignity', Don's claim to it is Blatant Lies, Lina has the appearance of it but it quickly vanishes as soon as her fame is in danger, Kathy struggles with it after Don catches her at her job. Cosmo, who never pretends to have any, is probably the happiest throughout the film. Kathy and Don are a lot better off when they realize they could lose a bit of dignity every now and then.
- Bad "Bad Acting": Cosmo and Don (Don even admits it to Kathy), both humorously and charmingly; Lina, not so much on either count. Don takes it a little too far in the original version of The Dueling Cavalier, to the point where he actually manages to give an even less convincing performance than Lina.
- Banana Peel: Cosmo sings that one of the ways to "Make 'em Laugh" is to slip on a banana peel.
- The Beautiful Elite: Given this is Hollywood, of course the cast is of good looking people. The "Beautiful Girls" number is all about this.
- Been There, Shaped History: Cosmo is clearly the greatest technical genius in cinema history. Starting as a lowly pianist for sappy love scenes, Cosmo single-handedly rescues an unreleasable picture in post-production by splicing it into a different movie (paving the way for Cut-and-Paste Translation); comes up with the idea of using playback to dub new lines into existing scenes; invents lip-synching on the fly; invents the movie musical; and just generally saves the entire studio from going bankrupt. "Gimme a raise", indeed.
- Belligerent Sexual Tension: Inverted. Arguing with Lina only makes her hot under the collar, while Don himself is a block of ice.Lina: [after a take] Oh, Donnie...you couldn't kiss me like that and not mean it!
Don: Meet the greatest actor in the world! I'd rather kiss a tarantula!
Lina: Oh, you don't mean that.
Don: I don't...? Hey, Joe, get me a tarantula!
- Beyond the Impossible: The "Fit as a Fiddle" sequence. It takes a lot of training to dance and play fiddle at the same time, but the way Don and Cosmo do it is way beyond anyone's reach.
- Big Applesauce: There's a combination of this and The Big Rotten Apple. In "Broadway Melody", a rube with aspirations of being a Broadway star (Don) arrives in Manhattan and quickly gains fame, at the expense of his innocence. The sequence ends on a hopeful note, with an identical nerd in glasses greeting a tuxedo-clad Don, continuing the cycle.
- Big Bad: Lina Lamont.
- Bitch in Sheep's Clothing: Lina has a nice public persona, but is a prima donna behind the scenes.
- Blatant Lies: "Dignity. Always dignity," says Don when the flashbacks show his un-glamorous rise to fame.
- Blonde, Brunette, Redhead: The film has a Two Guys and a Girl version with brunet Don, blonde Kathy, and redhead Cosmo.
- Break the Haughty: Lina is humiliated at the end when it's shown that she doesn't do her own voicework, after she arranged for extensive press coverage claiming otherwise.
- Broken Aesop: In-Universe. Cosmo has a cute moment of this early on, when he tries explaining to Don that the pseudo-romance with Lina is the price of fame:
- Busby Berkeley Number: Word of God is that "Beautiful Girl" and its accompanying montage is a dig on the Busby Numbers which Gene Kelly and Stanley Donen always hated.
- Butt-Monkey: The diction coach during the number "Moses Supposes" gets basically shoved around by Don and Cosmo. Still, he's in a better position than Lina's voice coach, who's stuck with a totally hopeless case. At least Don and Cosmo have decent voices.
- Captain Obvious: The man in the "talking picture" demonstration. Justified as he is trying his best to sell a totally new and unknown concept, and even then the party-goers don't quite get the idea at first."Hello. This is a demonstration of a talking picture. Notice: it is a picture of me, and I am talking. Note how my lips and the sound issuing from them are synchronized together in perfect unison."
- Creator Killer: In-Universe, the preview of The Dueling Cavalier is disastrous, and has the potential to wreck the studio and the careers of everyone involved.
- Chandelier Swing: Don's character does one during his climactic fight scene in The Royal Rascal (which is actually, like much of the footage shown of Royal Rascal, from the real-life 1948 version of The Three Musketeers).
- The Charmer: Cosmo at the party.Girl: Mr. Brown, can you really get me into the movies?
Cosmo: Oh, I should think so...
- Chekhov's Gun:
- Lina wants to give a speech but Don subtly stops her... and then we later see she's got a screechy voice.
- Lina's diction lessons set up for the "and I can't stannim!" line from the movie premiere. Likewise, her difficulty addressing the mic directly sets up for the same thing happening in the movie premiere.
- Don throwing his cane away as the scene is filmed silently sets up for him doing the same thing to a loud clatter in the talkie version.
- A deleted scene featuring Kathy Seldon singing "You Are My Lucky Star" to a billboard of Don Lockwood sets up for both Don singing that song to her at the climax, and of a billboard featuring both Don and Kathy shown at the very end.
- Chekhov's Skill: Don's on-the-job training as a Hollywood stuntman comes in handy when escaping overenthusiastic fans.
- Comical Overreacting: At the premiere of The Royal Rascal, one of the crowd does a Fanboy Squee!, with bugged-out eyes, over Zelda.
- This accidentally happens in The Dueling Cavalier, when acting made for silent movies is given sound, and poorly done sound at that.
- Comically Missing the Point: Lina at the ill-fated preview of The Dueling Cavalier. "Sounds good an' loud, doesn't it?"
- Costume Porn: A movie premiere in the film's opening, gleefully skewering the red carpet fashions of the time; Don himself is dressed like Humphrey Bogart by way of P. Diddy. The "Beautiful Girls" sequence is another tongue-in-cheek example.
- The black glitter spiderweb dress worn by Olga Mara in the opening sequence and Cyd Charisse's green sparkly outfit certainly qualify.
- Covered in Gunge: The grunge-covered stuntman Don Lockwood meets the Friendly Corporate Executive.
- Crazy Enough to Work: The idea to turn The Dueling Cavalier into a musical.
- Crowd Song: The 'Gotta Dance' dancing sequence.
- Cute, but Cacophonic: Lina has a face like a model but a shrill voice with a New Jersey/New York accent.
- Damn You, Muscle Memory!: Part of the reason The Dueling Cavalier is such a disaster is that Lina and Don continue to act as they would in a silent film, with overly exaggerated movements and gestures — Lina tosses her head back and forth dramatically as she recites her lines (thus missing the microphone no matter where it's placed); and Don at one point flings a cane away in an overly theatrical manner, resulting in a loud offscreen clatter.
- Dastardly Whiplash: The villain of The Dueling Cavalier (at least in the preview cut)."Pierre is miles away, you wench!"
- Deadpan Snarker: Don and Cosmo, generally in reference to Lina. Cosmo in general, really:Don: I'm no actor. I never was. Just a bunch of dumb show. I know that now.
Cosmo: Well, at least you're taking it lying down.
- And another on during the after-party:Don: A movie? Didn't we just see one?
Cosmo: You have to show a movie at a party. It's a Hollywood law.
- Kathy has her moments, especially when she's driving Don to his home (at the corner of Camden Drive and Sunset Boulevard):Kathy: Oh, no offense. Movies are entertaining enough for the masses but the personalities on the screen just don't impress me. I mean they don't talk, they don't act, they just make a lot of dumb show. Well, you know (she does some major league silent acting ) — like that.
Don: You mean — like what I do?!?
Kathy: Well, yes! Here we are, Sunset and Camden!
- And another on during the after-party:
- Department of Redundancy Department: This gem from Lila Lamont: "It makes us all feel as though all our hard work ain't been in vain for nothin'."
- Description Cut: Don and Cosmo's flashbacks at the beginning of the movie differ a lot from what Don says happened.
- Designated Victim: Lina's chief occupation is to be rescued by Don's characters.
- Did Not Get the Girl: Film Within a Film example. As the All Love Is Unrequited example shows, the "Broadway Melody" sequence shows Don being rejected by Cyd Charisse's character, namely because she wasn't interested in him in the first place.
- Didn't Think This Through: After years of keeping silent before audiences (to appear as a refined lady) and bullying the studio into making Kathy's dub work for her un-credited, Lina decides that she's tired of other people speaking for her and wants to address her audience directly. It goes about as well for her as you'd expect.
- Disney Acid Sequence: The "Broadway Melody" and "Beautiful Girls" numbers, both of which come from waaaaaaay out in left field stylistically. Though setpieces like those were pretty common in movie musicals of that era.
- Disproportionate Retribution: Lina has Kathy fired from her job as a chorus girl for accidentally hitting her in the face with a cake that was meant for Don, and also because she could tell that Don liked Kathy instead of her. She even warns Kathy not to call Don by his name out of sheer resentment.
- Distracted by the Luxury: During the "Broadway Melody" sequence, Cyd Charisse's character regularly flirts with the hapless lead male, only to be swayed back to her thug boyfriend by some shiny piece of jewelry he dangles in front of her.
- The Ditz: Lina. Oh, Lina.
- The Dog Bites Back: Lina forcing R.F. to drop Kathy's name from the credits of the new musical winds up becoming her undoing; R.F. decides he's had it with her and helps expose her "lip-synching" scheme.
- Doomed New Clothes: Don's tux and Lina's dress for The Royal Rascal premiere. Before the end of the night both are ruined.
- Dream Ballet: Once Don's character strikes it rich in the "Broadway Melody" sequence, he bumps into Cyd Charisse a second time. In Don's imaginings, the dancer turns into a long-haired ingenue who flies into his arms; a far cry from the reality, which is a floozy.
- Dream Sequence: The Dancing Cavalier is retconned into an extended dream sequence by Don's character, a Broadway performer who gets pasted by a falling sandbag and dreams himself in 17th century France.
- Driving a Desk: The scenes in Kathy's car when Don first meets her.
- Drunk on Milk: Don, Kathy and Cosmo seem exceptionally giddy after drinking milk together into the wee hours of the morning (The Hays Code prohibited the use of alcohol onscreen).
- Dude, Where's My Respect?: Poor Cosmo. Despite being Heterosexual Life-Partners with Don, helping him rise to stardom and playing the piano for the movies, he is frequently (and literally!) pushed aside for Don in terms of fame. He's usually a good sport about it, although he does Lampshade this when he comes up with the plan to have Kathy dub for Lina to save The Dueling Cavalier.Kathy: Oh Don, that's a wonderful idea! (kisses him)
Cosmo: (sullenly) Huh, I'm glad he thought of it.
Kathy: Oh, Cosmo! (walks over to him and gives him a kiss on the cheek)
- Dumb Blonde: Lina Lamont. "What do they think I am? Dumb or something?"
- Eureka Moment: Cosmo realizing they can dub over Lina, after he and Kathy mock some of the sound issues at the premiere.
- Everyone Calls Him "Barkeep": Cyd Charrisse's role is simply called "The Dancer".
- Everything Has Rhythm:
- In "Good Morning", Don, Kathy, and Cosmo dance with their raincoats and hats.
- In "Make 'Em Laugh", Cosmo dances with a wall and a dummy.
- Exact Words:Don: Call me a cab!
Cosmo: Okay, you're a cab.
- Excuse Plot: The film was specifically written as a setting for songs from MGM's back catalogues.
- Executive Meddling:
- In-Universe, R. F. demands that The Dueling Cavalier needs to be a talkie after the success of The Jazz Singer, which complicates things for the film, to say the least.
- The studio also is behind the rumors that Don and Lina have a romantic relationship off-screen. Apparently, the studio has done such a good job circulating that bit of gossip that even Lina is convinced.
- Lina blackmails R. F., who was more than happy to give Kathy the recognition she deserves, into erasing Kathy's credits. Luckily, R. F. supports Don and Cosmo's impromptu plan to expose Lina.
- The Family for the Whole Family: Cyd Charisse plays the flirtatious moll of a mute, coin-flipping mobster with a scarred face, a la Al Capone. His goons flip coins, too. Later, when Don tries his luck with the dancer again, she answers him with a coin flip. Drat.
- Fangirl: A crowd of them rip apart Don's clothing at the beginning of the movie. The fans at the red carpet are also hilariously overenthusiastic.
- Fashion Show: The "Beautiful Girl" number has a show of outfits while a narrator rhymes about the clothes.
- Film Within a Film:
- The movie starts off at the premiere of Don's and Lina's fictional The Royal Rascal. The footage shown is actually from a real film called The Three Musketeers (1948) starring Gene Kelly - which is in color and has sound.
- The movie depicts the troubles in making the fictional movie The Duelling Cavalier, later changed to The Dancing Cavalier.
- Two real-life movies are being referenced. The Jazz Singer (the first talkie) is mentioned. And in the final shot we see a billboard advertising Don Lockwood and Kathy Seldon, in a picture called...wait for it...Singin' in the Rain.
- '50s Hair: While it is set at the end of The Silent Era Of Hollywood, the cast's hairstyles are very 1952.
- The Flapper: Most of the women, with the notable exception of Lina.
- Foreshadowing: Don keeps Lina from talking during their public appearance at the movie theater.
- Forgotten Framing Device: In-Universe, The Dancing Cavalier begins with a modern guy getting bumped on the head and dreaming he's in 17th century France, and ends with him still in 17th century France.
- Four-Temperament Ensemble: Cosmo Brown (sanguine), Don Lockwood (melancholic), Lina Lamont (choleric), and Kathy Selden (phlegmatic).
- Freakier Than Fiction: Cosmo says of Lina Lamont: "She can't act, she can't sing, she can't dance. A triple threat." Now, who in Real Life would build a musical around a Hollywood star who couldn't sing, dance or act? That would be the producers of a musical revue titled Two's Company, which opened on Broadway the same year Singin' in the Rain was released. What critics had to write about Bette Davis's leading performance resembled the movie's put-down of its fictional actress.
- Fun Personified: Cosmo loves to make silly jokes, and most of the comedic numbers involve him.
- Funny Background Event: Anytime when Cosmo is on screen. Particularly the man's massive eye roll as Don begins the story of how they got into the movie business with "Dignity. Always dignity."
- Get Thee to a Nunnery: "Lemme guess: she's a simple girl of the people, you're a dashing aristocrat, and she won't even give you a tumbril. Hah!"
- Getting Crap Past the Radar: One of the models in "Beautiful Girls" is a tennis girl clutching two balls.Anyone for tennis? Well... this will make them cringe.
- Glad I Thought of It: After Cosmo comes up with the idea of having Kathy's voice dubbed over Lina's:Kathy: Don, you're a genius!
Cosmo: (sarcastically) I'm glad you thought of it.
- Gold Digger: Cyd Charisse loses interest in Don's character when her beau dangles a diamond necklace in front of her. The mobster's bored expression suggests this is becoming routine for him.
- Gone Horribly Right: One of these opens the door for Don's stuntman career: whilst filming a Bar Brawl scene, one punch lands a little too squarely, knocking the actor out cold, and Don is pinched to take his place.
- Groupie Brigade: Kathy rescues Don from a textbook example of one of these. Honourable mention to the audiences at the various previews: "She's so refined... I think I'll kill myself."
- Hakuna Matata: "Make 'Em Laugh" is possibly the most obvious example of this trope. "Moses Supposes His Toeses Are Roses" also counts.
- Happy Rain: It's raining when Don is walking home after Cosmo gives him ideas to save their film and he realizes he's falling for Kathy, so he starts dancing in the rain.
- Have a Gay Old Time:
- When Lina complains of having to speak into a hidden mic during a garden scene: "I can't make love to a BUSH!". "Make love" used to mean having a private, romantic conversation.
- Don also assures Kathy that he isn't going to molest her. "Molest" used to mean something closer to "bother" or "aggravate" than anything sexual.
- Herr Doktor: The demo for the new sound equipment features narration by a creepy technician with an unplaceable accent.
- Heterosexual Life-Partners: Don and Cosmo have been friends and business associates since they were kids.
- Hidden Wire: While making The Dueling Cavalier, Lina has trouble being heard. First, the microphone is hidden in a plant, and she can't be heard because she "can't make love to a bush!" Then, they put the microphone in a giant brooch on her chest and get a nice background of her heartbeat. Then, it's placed in a poof of her sleeve on her left shoulder. Of course, when she turns her head to say "No, I cannot love you", she fades out and back in.
- High-Dive Hijinks: Referenced when Don Lockwood laments that after The Dueling Cavalier comes out, no one would even show up to see him jump off the Woolworth Building into a damp rag.
- Honest Corporate Executive: R.F. is actually very supportive of Don and Cosmo's plan for The Dueling Cavalier and helps however he can, plans to push Kathy into the spotlight once The Dueling Cavalier is released, and helps Don and Cosmo reveal Lina as a fraud with visible glee.
- Hood Hopping: Don does this escaping from his fans after his car blows a flat.
- Hypercompetent Sidekick: Cosmo not only gives Don advice when he needs it, he comes up with ideas that save a film.
- Hypocritical Singing: See Ironic Echo.
- Identity Denial: This happens to Don, and he only escapes through a Meet Cute.
- Informed Flaw: Not in the film itself, but in some of the stage productions, Lina's voice may not be as terrible as everyone acts like it is. Or alternatively, it may be terrible in some scenes but normal in others. It depends on how well (and for how long) the actress playing her is able to fake it.
- In Love with the Gangster's Girl: During the "Broadway Melody" scene, Don falls for Cyd Charisse, but ultimately losing her to her mobster boyfriend.
- Iron Butt Monkey:
- Don started off his Hollywood Career by being a stuntman. Stunts included driving off a cliff on a motorcycle and entering an exploding shed.
- Cosmo risks life and limb in the name of "Make 'Em Laugh". The sequence exhausted O'Connor to the point of becoming deliriously ill.
- Ironic Echo: At the beginning of the movie, Don claims he always played his roles with the utmost dignity, which his flashbacks immediately disprove. Then, Kathy claims she works in a more dignified profession than Don, which turns out to involve jumping out of cakes.
- It Will Never Catch On: What the studio executives believe about sound in films when talking about the upcoming release of The Jazz Singer. Lampshaded by Cosmo:Cosmo: That's what they said about the horseless carriage.
- Jerkass Has a Point: Lina is thoroughly obnoxious while complaining about as much as possible, but when told "everybody" in the 18th century wore very heavy wigs, she says, "Then everybody was a dope." She has another good point during filming when she keeps turning her head from Don to the bush where the microphone is hidden, and Roscoe reminds her she needs to talk into the microphone in the bush. Lina points out "Well I can't make love to a bush!"
- Jukebox Musical: As was the style for original movie musicals at the time, the songs were all written before the movie was made. There are, if you listen to the score, absolutely no proper nouns in any of the songs (except for "Moses Supposes," a nonsense song, but the only one original to the film).
- Jumping Out of a Cake: Kathy comes out of a cake at a Hollywood party. This after she gave Don a lot of grief about how she was a stage actress, as opposed to making "just a lot of dumb show" on film, and claiming she was "in a more dignified profession".
- Ladykiller in Love: Don has so many fans admiring him, and then he falls for Kathy.
- Lame Comeback: Lina: "I make more money than... Calvin Coolidge... put together!"
- Laser-Guided Karma: Lina pretty much sets up her own downfall by improvising a speech, which reveals that she wasn't doing the singing in The Dancing Cavalier.
- Let Me Get This Straight...: Lina, summing up the plan to get her singing dubbed on stage: "You mean, she'll be back of the curtain singing, and I'll be out in front doing .. .. like in the picture?"
- Literal Ass-Kicking: In Don's backstory, after he rebuffs Lina for the first time, she retaliates this way.
- Literal Metaphor: Don has escaped his adoring fans by jumping into Kathy Sheldon's car. After suggestive dialog, Don must tearfully depart. He inadvertently closes the car door on his (already-ruined) suit.Don: Farewell, Ethel Barrymore. I must tear myself from your side. (Exaggerated rip, followed by exasperated expression.)
Kathy: (Uncontrollable laughter)
- Love Makes You Crazy: In this case, it makes formerly cynical Hollywood stars (currently wearing expensive suits) toss their umbrellas aside to go dancing and swinging and splashing ecstatically through torrential downpours, all the while singing about how they don't care! because they're just that happy to be in love.
- Love Makes You Evil: Lina, thinking she and Don are an item, isn't happy that Kathy is about to take over her career.
- Love Triangle: Lina, Don and Kathy.
- Match Cut:
- "The Broadway Melody" transitions back into reality by fading from Gene Kelly smiling to the viewers, to Don (also played by Kelly) talking to RF.
- During "You Are My Lucky Star", the last number, the film fades from Don singing to Kathy in profile, to a drawing of his profile, then zooms out to reveal a billboard for a movie starring both Don and Kathy, also titled Singin' in the Rain.
- Meet Cute: Don escaping the Groupie Brigade and winding up in the co-driver seat of Kathy's car.
- Merchandise-Driven: Take MGM's old songs, and make a movie out of them.
- The Millstone: Lina, as her voice can't be changed or fixed, unlike the other problems with the movie being made.
- Minor Character, Major Song: "Beautiful Girls." Jimmy Thompson isn't even credited.
- Modeling Poses: During the "Beautiful Girl" number a bunch of contemporary outfits are shown, and the models are each in a pose typical for the garment (such as the sportswear model holding her tennis racquet as though she was in mid-swing).
- Mood Motif: Cosmo's job is to play these.
- Ms. Fanservice:
- The Musical Musical: The film is about the making of a musical motion picture.
- Narm: An In-Universe example: The Dueling Cavalier is supposed to be a serious romantic drama, but the introduction of sound and the technical limitations that it imposes, with no knowledge of how to adapt, unintentionally turn it into a hilarious disaster. This was a lot of Truth in Television too, as many films did suffer both commercially and artistically when sound was first introduced.
- Nerd Glasses: Don's character in the "Broadway Melody" sequence.
- Nice Character, Mean Actor: Lina Lamont. She plays all sorts of glamorous princesses and whatnot (in silent films), but when she actually opens her mouth, you find out she sounds awful and has the personality to match.
- No Celebrities Were Harmed:
- R.F. is clearly based on Louis B. Meyer, as well as an Affectionate Parody of producer Arthur Freed, right down to his catchphrase "I can't quite visualize it..."
- In the montage for the new talkies, one of the singers is a Rudy Vallee impersonator.
- Olga Mara is an amalgam of Pola Negri and Theda Bara; Zelda Zanders is a cross between Clara Bow and early career Joan Crawford.
- No Name Given: Cyd Charisse's character in the "Broadway Melody" sequence. She's also The Voiceless and makes virtually no sound at all in both her two appearances.
- No Song for the Wicked: Lina has no singing number, just a brief sound test. Justified in that much of the plot of the film revolves around the fact that her singing voice (And actually, her voice in general) is godawful.
- Averted in the stage version, where she gets "What's Wrong With Me?"
- Not So Above It All:
- Shocked at Don just leaping into her car, Kathy claims not to have heard of him. Then she later 'fesses up that she's seen most of his films.
- Just after Don leaped into her car, she claimed she worked in something more dignified than silent movies. Turns out, she jumps out of cakes dressed as a Chorus Girl.
- Not-So-Harmless Villain: Everyone spends the first three-quarters of the film mocking and dismissing Lina for being "dumb, or something." In the final act of the film, however, she proves cunning enough to hire a lawyer to Read the Fine Print of her contract and exploit a loophole that says she's allowed to control her own publicity: she gives interviews to multiple major newspapers making big claims about her singing and dancing prowess, smugly pointing out to R.F. that if the studio publicists attempt to contradict her to the media, it would infringe on her right to manage her publicity and she can sue. She uses this to blackmail R.F. into removing Kathy from the credits and force her to keep working as Lina's (uncredited) voice for the rest of her five-year contract. Thankfully, she doesn't quite think the whole thing through.
- Oh, Crap!:
- Kathy jumps out of the cake at the party, and her eyes land on Don.
- Everyone's excited about moving into the talking picture business... until they're reminded about Lina's voice.
- Lina herself is excited to address her audience for the first time after the success of The Dancing Cavalier... until she remembers that none of them have ever heard her speak on account of the silent nature of silent films and Kathy's uncredited dub work, and is mortified when the audience doesn't recognize her voice and demands a song.
- Old Shame: In-Universe example. Don would much prefer to forget his days hoofing it as a vaudevillian with Cosmo, as well as his big break as a stuntman.
- The Oner: "Fit as a Fiddle" is done in about 4 shots max and "Make 'em Laugh" has a oner where Donald O'Connor does two back flips in a row off two walls.
- The Piano Player: Lina refers to Cosmo as this, even though he actually has a really big part!Lina Lamont: You piano player, you!
- Pie in the Face: Kathy tries to whack Don with one... and gets Lina instead when Don dodges, unfortunately for her (as Lina gets her fired for it). This is Lampshaded in Kathy's comment as she does it: "Here's one thing I've learned from the movies!"
- Pimped-Out Dress: Quite a few, this being one of the eras where gratuitous dress decorations were popular. One of the dresses in the opening red carpet scene is covered in ermine tails as though it was fringe. Later, we see a montage of the very latest Jazz Age fashions as part of the "Beautiful Girls" production number. Lina's last dress has a skirt covered in feathers (and the rest of it is completely covered in silver sequins). Lina's dress in The Dueling Cavalier fits the mold of 18th century dresses, being covered with frills and flowers (which isn't that far off from the real dresses of that time, except they were even more decorated).
- Plucky Comic Relief: At Don's side is his lifelong friend and second banana, Cosmo Brown. He is clearly out of his element in the sleazy showbiz world.
- Precision F-Strike: A G-rated one, but has the same impact - after seeing The Jazz Singer, one of the reactions: "It's vulgar."
- Pretty in Mink: Several fur wraps and capes are worn by the actresses, especially in the opening scene where Zelda wears an ermine cape paired with a dress trimmed with ermine tails, another actress wears a full length chinchilla cape, and Lina wears a cape trimmed with white fox including the huge collar (a style common in that decade and the next) to frame her glamorous (but silent) face for the crowd.
- The Prima Donna: Lina, such as getting Kathy fired, ostensibly for ruining her dress but actually out of jealousy.
- Prima Donna Director: Roscoe Dexter rapidly turns into this as the challenges of working on a talkie flick materialize.
- Pungeon Master: Cosmo. Begged by Don to help him by calling him a cab: "OK — you're a cab."
- The Quiet One: Lina comes across as this to Hollywood in public because of her awful voice, and no one wants to let her speak because of it. Needless to say, she gets pretty fed up of not being allowed to speak in public and it causes her to kick-start her own downfall.
- Quit Your Whining: Cosmo does this to Don by singing "Make 'Em Laugh."
- Real Fake Door: During the "Make 'Em Laugh" number, Cosmo opens a movie prop door, "discovering" a prop brick wall behind it. He pretends to slam into it, then pretends that his face has been messed up by the collision.
- Rapid-Fire "No!": There's a combination of this and Rapid-Fire "Yes!". In The Dueling Cavalier, Lina's character and the villain exchange "No!"'s and "Yes!"'s for a seemingly endless amount of time. The Narm increases when a syncing error causes Lina's high, shrilly "No!"'s to come out of the villain's mouth, and his low, domineering "Yes!"'s to come out of hers.
- Recycled Script: In-Universe, The Royal Rascal and The Dueling Cavalier are pretty much the same film before the latter's turned into a musical. Several comments from various characters imply that this is in no way unusual for Lockwood and Lamont's films."If you've seen one, you've seen them all."
- Repetitive Audio Glitch: At the preview showing of The Dueling Cavalier, a mishap causes the film to lose sync with the soundtrack (early sound films had the soundtrack on a phonograph record; they switched to printing the track directly on the film to avoid this very thing), leading to a scene where the villain and the Distressed Damsel speak each other's lines. This becomes a plot point, as it leads to the idea of having Kathy dub over Lina's nails-on-a-chalkboard voice.
- Re Tool: The Dueling Cavalier gets retooled into a talkie, and then becomes a musical after terrible previews.
- The Roaring '20s: Covering both The Silent Age of Hollywood and the Rise of the Talkies.
- Romantic Rain: The titular song comes when a lovestruck Don goes skipping through a heavy rain after parting from Kathy, after they shared their First Kiss at her doorstep while it was raining.
- Rubber Face: Cosmo makes a lot of goofy faces during "Make 'Em Laugh", and a few others in the rest of the film.
- Rule of Cool: Why do Don and Cosmo break into dance during "Moses Supposes"? Or ever? Because it's cool and fun to watch, that's why!
- Same Language Dub: The entire plot is an in-story example of a combination of this and Non-Singing Voice.
- Gets confusing (and funnier) when you find out that Jean Hagen (who played Lina) actually does some dubbing for Debbie Reynolds (who played Kathy). So Jean Hagen dubs Debbie Reynolds dubbing Jean Hagen.
- Not only that, but in the songs "Would You" and "You Are My Lucky Star", Reynolds (and by extension, Kathy's voice coming out of Lina's mouth) is actually dubbed by Betty Noyes (although not because Reynolds' voice was no good), which is ironic, considering the premise of the movie.
- Sanity Ball: The one time Lina is on track about something is during the Dueling Cavalier filming scenes, when she finally gets fed up and exclaims "WELL, I CAN'T MAKE LOVE TO A BUSH!" when she's trying to do her lines since she has to turn to Don when she speaks to him.
- Screw This, I'm Outta Here!:
- Kathy bolts from the party after attempting to hit Don in the face with a cake after it hits Lina instead.
- Lina at the end after she is exposed as a fraud. And a Subverted example right after that, as Kathy also tries to run away, but Don manages to get the crowd to stop her.
- Sealed with a Kiss: The film ends with Don and Kathy kissing in front of a billboard for their next movie.
- Second Face Smoke: In the "Broadway Ballet" sequence, done to Don's character by Cyd Charisse's vamp.
- Self-Proclaimed Love Interest: Don and Lina are rumored to be togetherand Lina goes along with this, because she read it in the tabloids. A few scenes are devoted to Don trying to convince her it isn't true.
- Serendipity Writes the Plot: In-Universe, the out of sync sound in the preview gives Cosmo an idea to dub over Lina's role.
- Set Behind the Scenes: Much of the movie is backstage or around the film studio.
- She's Got Legs: In the "Broadway Ballet" extravaganza, Cyd Charisse's entrance is marked by her slowly handing Gene Kelly his hat back after he drops it... using one of her very long, very beautiful legs to do it.
- Shout-Out: Don's first musical film, The Dancing Cavalier, is about a modern guy who gets knocked out and dreams of being an aristocrat in old-time France. In real life, this was the premise of the 1943 musical film DuBarry Was A Lady, which was Gene Kelly's first musical film for MGM.
- The Show Must Go On: Verbatim from Cosmo, getting Don to stop thinking about Kathy.
- Show Within a Show: The movies being made, with the most focus on The Dueling Cavalier and how to make it a success.
- Sidekick Song: "Make 'em Laugh", Cosmo's attempt to cheer Don up by hurling himself around a living-room set until he resembles a one-man Looney Tune — amazingly, all done with almost no camera cuts. (Actor Donald O'Connor, a four-pack-a-day smoker at the time, was bedridden for several days after filming it.)
- Slapstick Knows No Gender: Done at Lina's expense. She gets a Pie in the Face at R.F.'s party and later gets knocked over when the mic wire up her dress is pulled on.
- Slow "NO!": Accidentally done in the premiere for The Dueling Cavalier when the film gets messed up. Lina's line was even, "No, no, no".
- Small Role, Big Impact: Zelda Zanders appears exactly four times, the first three with no lines; once as part of the red carpet procession of stars at the premiere of The Royal Rascal (accompanied by "J. Cumberland Spendrill III, that well-known eligible bachelor"); once dancing at the after party with some other rich old guy; once watching the "Beautiful Girl" sequence; and once when she sets the climax in motion, leading Lina to the sound studio where Don and Kathy are celebrating the last dub of Lina's lines with a long, passionate kiss.
- Smoking Is Glamorous: Lina at the release party. Cyd Charisse's nameless dancer in 'Broadway Melody' later takes it to an even higher level.
- So Bad, It's Good: The audience's reaction to the sneak preview of The Dueling Cavalier. The actors and executives don't take it half so well.
- Spinning Paper: Done twice.
- Stylistic Suck: The preview for The Dueling Cavalier was this to a degree. It was still largely based on how silent films fell flat when sound was slapped on them, including adapting real incidents. It's just that all those incidents happened over several films, while the preview scene put them all in one movie.
- Talent Double: Lina can't sing, so Kathy dubs her. In a particularly confusing occurrence, Debbie Reynolds, who played the fictional talent double, was herself using a talent double in real life in one scene, the voice dubbed in over Debbie Reynolds' voice is Jean Hagen's!
- That Reminds Me of a Song: The film does this with the longest song in the movie: "Broadway Melody" / "Gotta Dance!!!"
- That Syncing Feeling: Lina is forcing Kathy to dub all her performances from now on. When she's asked to sing a song at the movie premiere, she has Kathy behind the curtain singing for her. Don then pulls open the curtain, revealing Kathy to the audience, but Lina is not made aware until Cosmo starts filling in for Kathy.
- Threesome Subtext: There's this picture◊ of Don, Kathy, and Cosmo laughing on the couch at the end of "Good Morning".
- Title Drop: The movie is named after its Title Theme Tune.
- Tongue Twister: The diction coach has a book full of these, leading into the "Moses Supposes" musical number.
- Traintop Battle: Film Within a Film example. During a scene where Don and Cosmo wander around the studio, one of the events going on around them is the filming of a train-top fight scene (on a train carriage that's fixed in place in front of a Wraparound Background).
- Troubled Production: In-Universe with The Dueling Cavalier. It starts out fine when it's just following the formula for the previous films Don and Lina have done, but then it's switched from silent to a "talkie" and the production becomes a mess. The one scene we see being filmed with sound turns into a disaster, and the preview shows this happened to the whole film.
- True Art Is Angsty: Invoked by Cosmo: "I'm out of a job! At last I can start suffering and write that symphony."
- He even flips it around when he's immediately told his job as a composer will still be needed at the studio."At last I can stop suffering and write that symphony!"
- He even flips it around when he's immediately told his job as a composer will still be needed at the studio.
- Tsundere: Kathy seems like this, but it's an act to cover up that she's a big fangirl of Don's.
- Tutu Fancy: There's a fantasy ballet sequence in which Cyd Charisse wears a completely impossible-in-real-life dress with a crepe train that's a mile or so.
- Two Guys and a Girl: Don, Cosmo and Kathy.
- Unreliable Voiceover: Don does a combination of this and Unreliable Narrator. The film opens with him and Lina on the red carpet, and he narrates his rise to fame through a flashback, citing such things as his elegant, well-heeled parents and the fine arts academies he attended. His motto throughout, he claims, was "Dignity... always dignity." Meanwhile, what we're actually seeing is — for starters — Cosmo and himself as kids tapdancing in poolhalls for nickels.
- Urban Legend Love Life: Don is becoming obsessed with Kathy. Don's friend and sidekick Cosmo tells him, "She's the first dame who hasn't fallen for your line since you were four." We never actually see Don in action with the other ladies, or any other hint of womanizing.
- Vaudeville Hook: A long hook yanks one of Don and Cosmo's early acts off the stage in the opening flashback.
- Visual Pun: "I must tear myself from your side," followed by Don's jacket tearing in half as he walks away.
- Vocal Dissonance: Lina, in the worst way. Despite having the appearance of a beautiful and refined movie star down pat, she has a shrill, screechy voice.
- The Voiceless:
- Implemented (briefly) at the beginning of the film: the viewer doesn't hear Lina speak for the first time until the funniest possible moment.
- Cyd Charisse's character in the "Broadway Melody" sequence has no lines and barely makes a sound throughout all of her screen time.
- Waiting for a Break: Don and Cosmo in the opening narration, later mirrored in the "Broadway Melody" number. In both versions, Don ekes out a living in pool halls and Vaudeville before graduating to the big leagues.
- What Could Possibly Go Wrong?: The studio boss doesn't see the problem with just adding sound to silent movies, and just asked that it be slapped on a film already in production. The preview of that film is a big wake-up call to the folly of that idea.
- When Props Attack: The "Make 'Em Laugh" sequence has Cosmo "flirting" with a headless prop, which proceeds to slap him and they tussle for a minute or two off screen.
- Who Writes This Crap?!: During the disastrous screening for The Dueling Cavalier, someone in the audience asked if someone was paid to write the dialog, which ironically was in response to a line that Don ad-libbed (when he found the scripted line too difficult to say).
- Woman in White: Cyd Charrise's dancer swaps her green cocktail dress for a white gown in the casino "Broadway Melody" number. Don's character enters a dream sequence where he imagines her a virginal, ballet-dancing beauty. But she hasn't really changed.
- World of Ham: From the opening reel to the end credits. The Dueling Cavalier director, Roscoe Dexter, probably takes the cake.
- Would Rather Suffer: When Don kisses Lina for a film scene after learning that she got Kathy fired from her job because she knew he liked Kathy:Lina: Oh Donny! You couldn't kiss me like that and not mean it just a teensy bit!
Don: Meet the greatest actor in the world. I'd rather kiss a tarantula.
Lina: You don't mean that.
Don: I don't Hey Joe, bring me a tarantula!
- Yandere: Lina is this about Don, firmly believing they're in love despite Don protesting otherwise, and resenting Kathy because she can see Don prefers Kathy over her.