Alphonse Gabriel Capone (January 17, 1899 January 25, 1947) was one of the first iconic American gangsters of the 20th century. He was the fourth son of first-generation Neapolitan immigrants. Born in New York City on January 17, 1899, Al dropped out of school and let himself be caught up in street gangs, and as an adult brought himself to the attention of racketeers Frankie Yale and Johnny Torrio. Torrio subsequently invited Capone to join him as a partner when he took over the businesses of Chicago crime lord "Big Jim" Colosimo and expanded his operations to take advantage of the lucrative career of bootlegging created by the passing of 18th Amendment in the United States, banning the manufacture, importation, and sale of alcoholic drinks.
Torrio and Capone established a monopoly for illegal activities in the nearby town of Cicero, but still were caught up in a mild turf war against Irish-American bootlegger Dion O'Banion. When O'Banion was murdered, all hell broke loose amongst the gangs in Chicago and a Mob War began as his subordinates sought revenge and Torrio, a pacifist who narrowly survived an assassination attempt during the events, opted to abandon Chicago and leave all his operations to Capone.
Capone brought things under control with the murder of O'Banion's successor, Hymie Weiss, and set about establishing himself in the establishment of Chicago.
Things started going downhill again when Capone had seven rival gangsters killed in the 1929 Saint Valentine's Day Massacre, bringing him unwanted national attention (though, that said, there is some speculation that he was innocent of that particular crime). The Federal government finally stepped in, assigning Prohibition enforcer Eliot Ness to do some damage against Capone with his handpicked team of incorruptible agents nicknamed The Untouchables, while investigations into his massive secret income for the purpose of tax evasion charges were underway.
Capone finally went to trial in 1931 and though he was able to avoid being tried for myriad crimes, the courts ultimately convicted him for something he didn't see coming - tax evasion. He couldn't fix that jury, and he was imprisoned at Alcatraz Island in San Francisico. During his imprisonment, a latent case of syphilis he had developed finally hit the tertiary stage, and the damage to his nervous system completely destroyed him. He was released in 1939 and died eight years later.
Not a member of The Mafia (The Mafia was restricted to those of Sicilian descent and Capone, as previously mentioned, was of Neapolitan descent), although his organization, the Chicago Outfit, as well as Capone himself, sat on The Commission. Within a few years of his rise to power, the ethnic divisions in the American mob effectively became meaningless.
Fictional works portraying Al Capone:
- Capone has been the subject of two theatrical-release biopics: Al Capone (1959), starring Rod Steiger as the Big Fella, and Capone (1975), with Ben Gazzara as Scarface. He appears as a character in literally dozens of other movies, TV shows, and other media set in the period. Some of the more notable appearances include:
- Appears briefly in Tintin in America. Notable for being only real-life character in the entire series.
- Scarface (1932), the original B&W film from 1932, in which the protagonist, Tony Camonte, was inspired by Al Capone. The first adaptation of the novel Scarface.
- The 1959 Film Noir Biopic Al Capone starring Rod Steiger. Directed by Richard Wilson, it is pretty accurate to the record, with only a romantic subplot made-up for the film. It is highly accurate and deglamorized in its depiction of Capone's racket.
- The Untouchables: The villain of two television shows and a film, all of the same name. In the film, he's played by Robert De Niro.
- Young Indiana Jones
- Night at the Museum: Battle Of The Smithsonian has an animated photo of him (played by Jon Bernthal) recruited by Kahmunrah, along with wax statues of Napoleon and Ivan the Terrible.
- Road to Perdition: In a deleted scene. His enforcer Frank Nitti appears in his place.
- Boardwalk Empire: Portrayed by Stephen Graham in this show, he first appears as a young thug trying to expand his share in the business. Over the course of five seasons, we see him becoming the crime boss of Chicago.
- Deadliest Warrior: A foil for Jesse James in the second season. He loses.
- Soul Eater: Him and his gang are Kishin eggs, though the writer seems to have made the "mafia" mistake.
- The Night Chicago Died: about a fictional account of Capone and his gang murdering at least 100 police but not including the narrator's father.
- Earnest Evans: Shows up as one of the main villains, with his thugs appearing as some of the game's assorted Mooks. He and his minions later show up in the sequel, El Viento. Later translations changed his name to Brady Tressider or Vincente DeMarco.
- The Untouchables of Eliot Mouse: a family-oriented animated series by BRB Internaciónal (of The World of David the Gnome fame) set in a version of Earth populated by cats and mice, and featuring a feline version named "Al Catone" (get it?) who operates in "Cheesecago", is pursued by the Eliot "Mouse" of the title and has "Dog" Moran and his gang as his main rivals.
- Bill and Ted's Excellent Video Game Adventure: Capone is one of the many historical figures featured in this NES game.
- Shadow Hearts: From the New World: In this PlayStation 2 RPG, Capone has a giant talking cat martial artist under his employ.
- Time Squad: In "The Clownfather", Al Capone had his henchmen act as clowns for one of his children's (or grandchildren's) birthday party and had clowns running his criminal empire. When he learned how the clowns were doing it, he switched them back.
- Lois & Clark: A scientist used cloning techniques to bring gangsters back to life. Scarface was one of them.
- The Super Mario Bros Super Show!: King Koopa once took the moniker of Al Koopone.
- Married... with Children: When Al and Jefferson found a secret compartment inside the shoe store, Al suggested it was Al Capone's treasure.
- Bud once borrowed money from a loan shark named Vito Capone ("no relation").
- Billibub Baddings: Al Capone plays a semi-major role in the first book, The Case of the Singing Sword, and the conflict between him and "Bugs" Moran drives much of the plot.
- Dick Tracy's first arch enemy was a Capone Expy named Big Boy Caprice.
- Epic Rap Battles of History pits him against Blackbeard.
- One episode of The Real Ghostbusters features him leading a gang of demonic mobsters ruling another dimension that's a cross between Hell and Prohibition-era Chicago.
- The Night's Dawn Trilogy has Al Capone return from The Beyond at the height of the reality dysfunction. He effectively takes over a planetary government.
- Legends of Tomorrow has the Legends help Ness take down Capone after another group of time travelers stops him from doing it on his own.
- Timeless: A first season episode has Flynn helping Capone by stealing all the evidence against him, and later helping kill Ness, in exchange for a meeting with the Mayor (who is in fact a member of Rittenhouse). The heroes try to counter this change to the timeline by helping Capone's Marshal brother arrest him, leading to a shootout that ends with Capone being gunned down.
- An episode of The Simpsons had him dancing the Charleston on top of a flagpole in a Cutaway Gag.
- The episode * The Motorcross Trap" of Biker Mice from Mars has him and several other gangsters returns as zombies and fight the titular heroes. A later episode (" My Cheese Is Quick"), namedrops him when the Big Bad Limburger gets in trouble from tax evasion.