A minor example in the 2011 film The 5th Quarter, an American football flick based on the true story of linebacker Jon Abbate and the 2006 Wake Forest team for which he was one of the central figures. In the film, Wake ties for the Atlantic Coast Conference championship. The real Demon Deacons team won the title outright.note Since 2005, the ACC has held an annual football championship game between the winners of its two divisions. Wake beat Georgia Tech in the 2006 title game. Cool fact: One of Georgia Tech's defensive stars that season was one Joe Anoa'i, now better known to WWE fans as Roman Reigns.
1930 biopic Abraham Lincoln is just full of this. It includes Lincoln dramatically collapsing on Ann Rutledge's grave during a thunderstorm, while historians still aren't sure just how serious Lincoln's thing with Rutledge was; and Lincoln giving a speech from his box at Ford's Theatre, right before he gets shot, and the speech itself is a mashup of the Gettysburg Address and Second Inaugural Address.
Adrift: The film seemingly has Richard surviving the storm that wrecks their yacht. In reality, Tami was knocked out then awoke to find herself alone on the boat. Ultimately subverted when it's revealed that Richard was a delirious vision by Tami, and was Dead All Along.
Agora repeats popularmyths about Hypatia and the Library of Alexandria to preach about atheism and rationalism vs. religious fanaticism. To what degree the movie does so is, however, somewhat open to debate. In Real Life, as you might expect, Hypatia was not atheist but a pagan. She was also a pure philosopher more than a scientist, of a school which largely rejected empirical investigation.
Numerous movies have inaccurately portrayed The Alamo with the curved roof at the time of the eponymous battle—in truth, the roof had crumbled due to neglect, and it was 1912 before the familiar facade was restored.
Alien vs. Predator presents a near unbelievable historical scenario where a whaling station has been abandoned in 1904, the year the first whaling station was established.
Not long after the film's release Jada Pinkett Smith went on record saying that there were several inaccuracies surrounding her relationship with Pac, including:
Tupac never read her the poem he wrote about her, and she didn't know about it until it was posthumously published in The Rose That Grew From Concrete.
He abruptly left Baltimore, and never disclosed why he had to leave, nor did he say goodbye, to Jada.
Jada also didn't attend any of Tupac's shows by request, nor did they have an argument backstage.
Tupac's (truncated) House of Blues set was fairly accurate, except for the addition of "Hail Mary", which was never performed live during his lifetime, and was likely added in for fanservice more than anything.
During the scene where Tupac meets Faith Evans and discussed collaborating, tracks from All Eyez On Me can be heard in the background. In real life, the album wasn't out yet, and the 2Pac/Evans collaboration ("Wonda Why They Call U Bytch") was recorded the very same night they met at the club.
After Tupac is shot in a drive-by and taken to a hospital, Big Frank gets out his car and shows his LAPD badge to the Las Vegas police officers on the scene. Big Frank was never a LAPD officer.
Max is told that if Marianne's a traitor, he'll have to execute her himself or be hanged for treason as an accomplice. If any such arrangement ever existed, it was well hidden. Spies were arrested and dealt with through the regular legal system.
The fact that there are two Nazi agents in Hampstead running Marianne. Though they wouldn't find out till after the war, MI-5 successfully turned or imprisoned every single German agent from relatively early on. When it turns out she is a traitor, it would be much more likely they'd turn her or secretly Feed the Mole, especially so close to D-Day, and especially when she was clearly acting under duress and willing to turn. This successfully misled the Germans into believing the Allies would attack Calais, not Normandy.
American Gangster, presented as a biographical film about Harlem drug dealer Frank Lucas, is inaccurate concerning real events from Frank Lucas' life. Denzel Washington admitted much of the film was fabricated for dramatic effect. Lucas did not have a child and was not involved with the Drug Enforcement Administration to the extent portrayed in the film.
Martin Van Buren didn't campaign actively for re-election, let alone from the back of a train, as it was in fact considered ungentlemanly for people to actively seek the presidency until near the end of the 19th century.note Ironically, Van Buren's rival at that year's election, William Henry Harrison, did do some actual campaigning for the presidency, though even then it was to a far more limited extent than what a modern-day candidate would do.
The initial hearing ends with the U.S. Navy officers having their salvage claim thrown out, and the two surviving Amistad crewmembers being arrested for slave trading. In reality, the navy officers did get awarded a third of the remaining salvage aboard the ship — which was admittedly more a gesture than anything else, as said salvage value was close to zero once you took out the slaves and perishable goods on-board — and the surviving crewmembers were actually arrested before the case was heard; they subsequently posted bail, returned to Cuba, and the charges against them were quietly dropped on the understanding that they'd really get the book thrown at them if they were ever caught slave trading again.
The Lomboko slave fortress was not destroyed until 1849, at which point US Secretary of State John Forsyth had been dead for eight years, and thus Captain Fitzgerald wouldn't be dictating a letter to him (or assuming that he didn't know Forsyth had died, it would never be delivered).
Bluto: Was it over when the Germans bombed Pearl Harbor? Hell no!
Atonement sees a main character die in the Balham station disaster (a German bomb was dropped on the road above the station - the tube platforms of which were being used as air-raid shelters - causing the northbound tunnel to partially collapse, flooding both platforms with water and earth from the ruptured water mains and sewers above), but stated that it happened a day later than it actually happened.
The whole third act of the film about the bomb was invented to give the story a satisfying climax. The real success of the undercover operation was discovering that several of the KKK members were stationed at NORAD, which happens in the middle of the film.
A civil rights leader played by Harry Belafonte lectures a group of students and states that The Birth of a Nation was hailed by Woodrow Wilson as "like writing history with lightning." This is an urban legend that was probably started by the author of the original book upon which the film was based.
Black Knight: Neither King Leo or the Queen were real. The actual king in that era was Edward III. Probably this indicates it really wasall just a dream.
When attorney James Donovan is recruited to defend accused spy Rudolf Abel, he protests that he is primarily an insurance lawyer. However, the film does not mention that he was also General Counsel for the Office of Strategic Services (the forerunner to the CIA) during World War II (between 1943 to 1945, to be exact) and so was fully experienced dealing with spies.
Donovan was also fully experienced in dealing with big, controversial cases: he became assistant to Justice Robert H. Jackson at the Nuremberg trials. While he prepared for the trials, he was also working as an adviser for the documentary feature The Nazi Plan. Donovan was the presenter of visual evidence at the trial.
The Real Life Frederic Pryor has noted that his movie counterpart's romance with a German girl was created out of whole cloth, and that his arrest had more to do with genuine confusion than helping out dissidents. More importantly, his East German lawyer wasn't an Amoral Attorney, but did his best to represent Pryor's interests.
The opening narration for A Bridge Too Far goes thusly: "In 1944, the Second World War was in its fifth year and still going Hitler's way. German troops controlled most of Europe. D-Day changed all that." By 1944, the war was quite definitely not going Hitler's way anymore. A constant barrage of defeats on the Eastern Front and Anglo-American air raids over German cities meant that, by the time D-Day happened, Hitler's defeat was only a matter of time. It was launched to help accelerate the end of the war in Europe. And by this point German troops did not control "most of Europe" (outside of its Axis allies) anymore.
Dances with Wolves: Although more accurate than previous films in its depiction of the West and native peoples, it still has inaccuracies. First, the whites are shown as hunting buffalo solely to take skins. This was not yet the case in 1865, and would only begin in 1871. At that point buffalo were still hunted by the whites for meat. Secondly, the Lakota are portrayed as simply defending themselves, and the Pawnee are evil allies of the US government. However, it was actually the Lakota who had been the aggressors against the Pawnee, moving into the Plains in the late 1700s from the northeast. This is why tribes such as the Pawnee, Arikara and Crow were allies of the US government against the Lakota (not that it helped them later, of course), since the Lakota had been pushing them out of their land. While the Pawnee could be brutal, they were no more so than the Lakota. Of course, this is simply to show the viewer who the good and bad guys are, without complicating matters.
Defiance: The real Bielski Partisans simply hid in the forest protecting Jews, and never fought the Germans openly.
Donovan's Reef takes place on an island in French Polynesia where there had been fighting between US and Japanese forces during World War II, only French Polynesia was some 2,200 miles away from the actual Pacific campaign and did not see any battles.
Dreamgirls has a scene with the Dreams recording "Heavy" while there's a riot going on. This riot is actually the Detroit race riot of 1967. This, at first, is important for the sake of the era and to show how life was in Black America during the 60's. However, the next scene states that the year is actually 1966, making the riot scenes irrelevant.
As legendary as Martin Landau's performance as Bela Lugosi was in Ed Wood, Lugosi's family took umbridge to certain things. Namely, Bela Lugosi was not prone to fits of swearing, especially in front of women.
It's also debatable what his action opinion of Boris Karloff was.
Er Ist Wieder Da: Hitler lost the presidential election in 1932, but as far as most people are concerned, the people of Germany elected him, and that is how this movie treats it. President Hindenburg was forced to appoint him chancellor, but the movie doesn't take the time to make the distinction. In any case, the Nazi Party received the most votes then and came to power with a coalition, like many parliamentary governments.
The Experiment: Depicting a fictionalized account of the Stanford Prison Experiment, the organization responsible for conducting the experiment is the "Monad Corporation"; the word Stanford is never used.
Elsie was sixteen as opposed to twelve. This is presumably why you don't see any of the real photographs of Elsie - because she looked it in real life. Frances is said to be eight in the film, but she was nine when she went to stay with the Wrights.
Frances's mother is dead in the film. She was alive and well in real life, and stayed with the Wrights as Frances did.
The photographs didn't become public until 1919 - after World War I was over. The Theosophical Society meeting Polly Wright went to was on fairy life itself, as opposed to angels. And the second set of photographs was taken in 1920 - when Frances was already back living with her family.
Harry Houdini did not visit Cottingley with Sir Arthur, nor did the girls meet him in real life. He also never endorsed the idea that the fairies were real, and didn't even start his debunkings until the 1920s.
Saraya goes by the ring name Paige at her tryout. Her ring name on the indies was actually Britani Knight, and she wasn't renamed Paige until after she had been in WWE for a few months (as is usual with new signees).
The Rock had very little to do with the WWE during the timeline of the story, Saraya and Zak did not come across him in London and he had just returned to the WWE about the same time Paige made her debut.
Pete Dunne is donning his hairstyle from 2017 onwards during Saraya and Zak's 2011 tryout.
Zak injured his knee weeks before Saraya flies to Florida, with the documentary the film is based on even highlighting his frustrations over it not healing in time for his second tryout. The film omits this.
Saraya is seen creating a cardboard replica of the Diva's Championship as a child/pre-teen. The Diva's Championship was created in July 2008, a month shy of the real Saraya's sixteenth birthday.
The film depicts Roy Knight as being imprisoned. While he was really incarcerated, it happened years before the film's timeline. In fact he was featured in the documentary the film is based on.
A female wrestler during Saraya's time at developmental is wearing Alexa Bliss' original wrestling gear. Bliss' televised in-ring debut in NXT was for the Tournament Arc to crown the new NXT Women's Champion after Saraya moved to the main roster. Likewise, two female wrestlers are seen wearing Kelly Kelly and Eve Torres' wrestling gears despite the two never being members of NXT, not to mention retired by the time NXT became a developmental brand.
The movie glosses over the success Paige had in NXT, as she had actually rose to become champion, and instead focuses more on that level being a bonding experience with the other girls. As a result, when she has her big break in the WWE it comes across as a complete nobody walking into the ring, rather than the second-stringer confronting the Title Holder it actually was.
The beginning and ending of Paige's debut match played differently. Here Paige was initially stricken with stage fright and after her victory makes a Patrick Stewart Speech and then celebrates in the middle of the ring. In the actual event Paige was able to say her lines, and immediately after winning, celebrates outside of the ring while having Tears of Joy.
The film shuffles around a real event to much later in the timeline - Saraya giving herself a makeover to fit the 'Diva Look'. The real Saraya actually did that for her tryout - claiming she tanned and lightened her hair - and wasn't signed. She was however signed at her second tryout, where she went in dark-haired.
The Raw and SmackDown logos shown in the film are of the ones from 2016, despite Paige's iconic Raw debut happening in 2014 and the visit to SmackDown supposedly happening in 2011.
In the actual WrestleMania XXX match, AJ Lee submitted the African-American Naomi to retain her Diva's Championship. The movie version has AJ submitting a blonde woman, but given that the actual match was a multi-opponent match that did include three blondes (Natalya Neidhart, Emma, and Summer Rae), it's unclear if this is a case of Race Lift or the movie swapped Naomi with one of the three mentioned.
Sheamus is donning his mohawk from 2015 onwards. The film's timeline in which he appeared in is set during 2014, meaning he should still be sporting his Anime Hair. Likewise, the following scene shows The Miz wearing his merchandise from 2016.
Paige and AJ Lee's wrestling gears:
AJ is depicted wearing robes during her entrances plus wearing revealing tops underneath. The real AJ never wore robes during her entrances and her top is always covered in the chest area. note Word of God says this was done to visually contrast Paige and AJ, as the real AJ had an "edgy outsider look" that is Not So Different from Paige, which would've downplayed or outright diminished the movie's narrative of Paige being different and an "outcast"
AJ is depicted in white during WrestleMania XXX. In the actual event she was wearing a black top with print, red and black jean shorts, and black footwear with white accents.
During her debut match, Paige is wearing all black whereas AJ has an all red outfit. In the real event, Paige was wearing purple with black accents while AJ was wearing a black top with print, black and pink jean shorts, and black footwear with white and pink accents. note The real Paige has gone on record saying she hated that purple gear as it was Vince McMahon who insisted she wear that, so the film uses one that is similar to her actual wrestling gear. In AJ's case, this was done to visually contrast her and Paige as the real AJ also had an overall "edgy" look that was Not So Different from Paige
Notable people in Saraya's life and career are Adapted Out, such as her older half-sister and Tamina Snuka (who was AJ's enforcer during Paige's debut).
A Fistful of Dynamite — John Mallory, being an Irish nationalist in 1913, owns an IRA flag, but the IRA did not exist until 1919. He would have most likely been an Irish volunteer for the IRB (Irish Republican Brotherhood) if part of any official organisation whatever.
Fist of Fear, Touch of Death, possibly the most awful of all awful Brucesploitation films, states during a biographical sequence that Bruce Lee's grandfather was 19th Century China's greatest samurai.
For a Few Dollars More is set during the American Civil War, as shown by a safe full of Confederate money. One character comments that the bank's vault "weighs three tons and can't be opened with dynamite." Indeed it couldn't — dynamite wasn't invented, patented, or named until after the Civil War was over. But the line is delivered so effectively it's hard to picture it working as well with any other word.
The New York City Draft Riot scene takes a few liberties with the events that actually transpired. The film exaggerates the extent of the riot and the sort of events that took place.
It is not known whether or not the US Navy actually fired artillery on Paradise Square, but it's probable that it didn't actually happen, though some historical evidence suggests artillery was used, albeit on land.
The Godfather Part III features the death of Popes Paul VI and John Paul I in the year 1979, while all these events actually took place in 1978!
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix: At one point the protagonists journey on the London Underground, where Mr. Weasley is fascinated by an Oyster card reader - even though the film's meant to be set in 1995-1996 like the book, while the Oyster card only first appeared in 2003.
The film is unusual in getting the fact that Masamune was a swordmaker rather than a sword correct, but then claims that Masamune made Ramirez's katana thousands and thousands of years before he was born or katanas even existed. Lampshaded by Brenda as she explains that she wants to find this katana because it's dated to over a thousand years before katanas even existed, like finding a modern vehicle made in ancient times.
The villain is referred to as "the Kurgan" even back in medieval times. In reality, a "kurgan" is a burial mound, and "kurgan culture" is a modern archaeological term for a wide range of Proto-Indo-European cultures that are known primarily through study of their burial mounds. People in centuries past would not be calling him a "Kurgan."
The idea that kurgan cultures were Always Chaotic Evil people who would throw babies into pits for fun is pure Hollywood invention.
The Hoaxtells the story of Clifford Irving's hoax involving publishing a made up biography of Howard Hughes, but author Clifford Irving claims the movie is a very distorted version of events, missing large coverage of what really happened while adding entirely fictional scenes, such as Irving receiving a mysterious package of files.
Mötley Crüe's "Home Sweet Home" was already released in 1985; a year before it would have been possible for Lou to create the song.
A poster for Rambo III is seen on Blane's bedroom wall, despite the film being set over two years before Rambo III was released in May of 1988.
Poison performing at Kodiak Valley is seen as a big deal and April is covering the band for Spin Magazine, but in 1986 Poison had not yet achieved mainstream fame (that wouldn't happen until 1987).
Blaine references 21 Jump Street when he's arguing that the mains are Commie spies, but that didn't debut until 1987.
The first time Blaine and Chaz see Jacob, they act as though they've never seen a snowboard before and don't know what it is. Snowboarding has existed as a sport as far back as the 1970s, although in 1986 it was still a niche sport and most ski areas did not allow snowboarders. Still, the ski patrol personnel at Kodiak Valley would definitely know what a snowboard was.
The Denver Broncos' game winning drive in the AFC Championship game is lampooned despite it taking place in 1987.
Adam references Sweet Child O' Mine. Appetite For Destruction didn't come out until 1987, and the song itself wasn't released as a single until 1988.
In Houdini (1953), Harry Houdini dies from being unable to escape a water tank. The real Harry Houdini died from a ruptured appendix after receiving a series of punches from a university student, but many still believe in the film's presentation of his death.
The Hurricane starring Denzel Washington portrays boxer Rubin Carter as a totally innocent man who is wrongly convicted of two murders thanks largely to a racist cop who's had it out for him since his boyhood. No evidence exists that the lead detective held any grudge against Carter, and he was described as a jovial man, very different from Dan Hedaya's scowling, tight-lipped portrayal. The film whitewashes Carter's criminal history, depicting Carter as defending himself in boyhood against a pedophile, then being arrested and sent to a juvenile facility by this same racist detective. In reality, Carter was arrested for assaulting and robbing a man, a crime that is not disputed. This was only one of many offenses he committed. Moreover, while Carter's actual guilt or innocence continues to be debated, the film portrays him as having been exonerated by the efforts of three Canadian activists and a young African-American who wrote to him in prison. They did not find evidence showing he was innocent, however, but only some that had not been presented by the prosecution. He was ordered released or retried-New Jersey appealed this ruling, lost, and chose to not retry him again (he had already been retried before in 1976, with another guilty verdict resulting). Carter was thus never exonerated, or even acquitted. On a lesser note, to build up the idea of Carter being victimized by racism in the 1960s, he is shown defeating white boxer Joey Giardello, who is then declared to have won anyway. Carter himself agreed that he lost, and Giardello sued the film producers over this portrayal, settling for a hefty sum.
Hussar Ballad: When Shura meets the wounded messenger in the beginning of her army career, he tells her that the message he carries is sent by a Field Marshal. At this time, there were no Field Marshals in the Russian army; both army leaders in this war, Kutuzov and de Tolly, would be promoted to this rank later.
The film is decried as horribly inaccurate and religiously biased. Dylan and Eric did NOT taunt Rachel for her religious faith, nor did they ever talk to Rachel before the shootings! This is not the first movie Pure Flix made that attacks atheists (previously as teachers, here students).
The question about God was asked of Valeen Schnurr, who had hid in the library, when she cried "Oh my God, no" after being shot once. Instead of killing her, she was spared after saying "Yes" to the question whether she believed, which goes entirely against the message the film gives. Schnurr survived, and it was misattributed to Cassie Bernall, who died. The whole story appears to be based on this, since Bernall is often hailed as a martyr for her supposed answer to the question since then (Rachel Scott's brother Craig is the one who related the story, though his words were misunderstood).
In real life, Rachel took Caucasian student Nick as her date to the prom before the shooting. In the movie, Rachel takes Asian-American student Kevin as her prom date.
Eric and Dylan are portrayed as console gamers whereas they preferred to game on the PC in real life.
Rachel is shown to be killed by Eric using Dylan's TEC-9, but in real life she was killed by Eric using his Hi-Point 995.
Rachel's suicide attempt. In the movie she's depicted as trying to jump off a building to kill herself, but in reality she tried to do it with carbon monoxide poisoning via car exhaust, but decided not to at the last second.
Tanis, Egypt, from Raiders of the Lost Ark is a real place. It could not have been rediscovered by the Nazis in 1936 because it was never lost in the first place. In fact, there were numerous archaeological digs in Tanis before the Nazis even came to power. Egypt was also under British rule in 1936, when the movie is supposedly set, and thus the Germans could never have just gone in to dig it up.
The third act of Raiders takes place in a secret Nazi submarine base in Greece, which would have been objected to by the Greeks in real life, naturally.note Or it might have been in the Dodecanese, which was Italian at the time; however, the adventure map implies the contrary, and Italy and Germany had not become allies yet at the time anyway.
In Last Crusade, set in 1938, Indy and his father drive from Venice to Berlin (passing a road sign with these two names on and no other place in between) to retrieve a book from a Nazi book burning (based on the one from 1933) and escape Germany in a commercial Zeppelin flight (all canceled after the Hindenburg's disaster in 1937). The third act takes them to Hatay, a short-lived (but real) Turkish republic that is portrayed as an Arab monarchy. Even the Hatay flag is fictional.
In addition, the Hatay army is shown using Volkswagen Kübelwagens, which not only didn't exist in 1938, but were never exported by the Nazis.
Historically, the King's forces successfully captured Rochester. Prince Louis would not arrive until a few months later.
Reginald de Cornhill really survived the siege, he didn't kill himself, going on to serve as a high official.
William D'Aubergny did command the garrison, but survived the battle. After John died, he became a loyalist to young Henry III and helped capture Lincoln in 1217. He died of natural causes in 1236.
Louis and the rebellious barons were defeated in 1217, unlike the "victory" described at the end of the film.
The Magna Carta, while retrospectively regarded as setting an important precedent for limitation on the king's power and setting the foundations for modern democracy, was at the time mainly intended to protect the authority of the barons. King John merely sealed it rather than signing it (he was probably illiterate).
The Danes had been Christianized for some time prior to the events of the movie, yet are here played as still pagan and fighting specifically due to John's promise that he will convince the Pope to leave them in peace. Additionally, very few of John's mercenaries were actually Danes. Their leader also has the very Roman name Tiberius.
Although the longsword began to develop in its early forms in the late-12th century, such early examples were little more than arming swords with longer handles. The fully two-handed longsword as used by Marshall did not begin to appear until the 14th and 15th centuries.
Rochester castle is impressively realized, albeit with a couple of goofs such as modern cement stonework, but there's no sign of the Norman Cathedral that should be right next door, nor of the city of Rochester itself on the river bank.
The historical accounts do say that King John and his army sent for forty fat pigs to fuel the fire in the tunnel under the walls, but they were pig carcasses, not live ones as depicted in the film. You would not want the hazard of forcing a herd of live animals into a fire, and live pigs have too much water in them to properly set them on fire anyway.
In-universe example in Iron Sky, where Renate uses a heavily edited version of The Great Dictator to teach schoolchildren that Hitler was a good and kind man who only wanted the best for the world. Renate herself has been fooled by the same propaganda and is utterly crushed when she later sees the full version.
The real Tonya did confront the judges about her scoring only to be told her outfits needed improvement, but it happened off the ice rather than on it. She also insists that she didn't swear nearly as much as the film's Tonya did.
The real Shawn didn't call in the death threat on Tonya, nor did he wear a wire to a meeting with Jeff (though he was on the receiving end of a wire-tapped meeting, which he sniffed out quickly).
Tonya never fired her coach Diane Rawlinson in a fit of rage; it was a mutual split that resulted from Tonya losing focus on her training. Dody Teachman was actually Rawlinson's first student and assistant whom she delegated to become Tonya's new coach.
At one point, Diane approaches a forlorn Tonya and informs her the next Winter Olympics will be held in 1994 instead of 1996. In reality, the change in the scheduling of the Olympics had been decided and made public in mid-1980s. Everyone who participated in the 1992 Albertville games knew full well there would be another one in Lillehammer just two years later.
Though Tonya was told to get a fur coat to help fit the "Ice Princess" image, her father didn't make one from rabbits he hunted. He just saved up to buy her a rabbit fur coat. And instead of Tonya getting mocked for her coat, and flipping off the girls who did it, she had a Deadpan Snarker moment with a girl who bragged that her coat was mink, Tonya said "Thanks, mine's paid for."
The Last Command: The film seems to be conflating the February revolution (which toppled the Romanovs) and the October Revolution (in which the Bolsheviks seized power). In the movie the Tsar's government is apparently directly replaced by the Bolsheviks, which did not happen in Real Life.
At the start of the movie, the Imperial Japanese army is depicted as being an undisciplined mob that is poorly trained with modern guns and not ready for a major battle. In real life, Japan already had a well-armed modern professional army by the 1870s, which had seen plenty of combat experience in the 1867 Boshin War. Most of the samurai rebellions that took place after the war were in fact undisciplined mobs which were highly localized. Tokyo would suppress them fairly quickly.
Although many of the Samurai did consider guns to be dishonorable, nearly all of them recognized their necessity in modern warfare. The Samurai who took part in the Satsuma rebellion this movie is based on did indeed use rifles and cannons. They would also use traditional weapons like swords and bows, but this was mainly as a result of running out of firearms ammunition.
The Life of David Gale: During a drunken ramble, David says Socrates was sentenced to death for insulting the judges by, after he was convicted, suggesting as his punishment a fine of only thirty mina, comparing that to thirty bucks. In reality though, Apology of Socrates says he suggested a fine of a hundred drachma, soon raised to three thousand-a very substantial sum. Being a literature professor, David likely would be aware of this.
"This is the west. When the legend becomes fact, print the legend."
Memoirs of a Geisha: Though set in 1930's-40's Japan, the Geisha's traditional attention to detail given to kimonos is not present, some scenes are clearly California Doubling, and the "Snow Dance" performed is not accurate to any Japanese traditional dance.
The rape and murder of Jeanne's sister is fictional. In real life her whole family fled the village before it was attacked. What's more is that it was attacked by Burgundian soldiers - not English.
Jeanne has visions as a young child. In real life she claimed they didn't start until she was 13.
Jeanne finds the sword also as a young child. She didn't find it until many years later on her journey to Chinon.
The Duke of Burgundy is portrayed as stating he doesn't believe in God or the Devil to Joan in front of witnesses. Not only is there no evidence of this (which would be very unlikely in that era) but no one would ever say this publicly (for he might be convicted of blasphemy).
In both The Mummy (1932) and The Mummy (1999), the backstory of Imhotep is made up for the films. Imhotep is presented as a high priest of Pharaoh Amenophis in the original, and a high priest of Pharaoh Seti I in the 1999 version. The historical Imhotep, whose name means name means "the one who comes in peace," was a historically well respected high priest during the reign of Pharaoh Djoser.
D-Day at Normandy was cloudy with rough waves and almost non-ideal weather for an amphibious landing. The movie depicts D-Day with clear, sunny skies and relatively calm waves.
Tatsuo at the end is captured by recently landed American paratroopers; no paratroopers landed on the beach during the invasion, only at pre-dawn and evening.
The Name of the Rose: Pretty much the only thing the film version gets right about the historical Bernardo Gui is that he was an Inquisitor during the fourteenth century. While Gui did convict large numbers of heretics during his tenure, only about five percent of them were executed; he far preferred to prove heresies wrong and to reconcile heretics with the church rather than kill them, and he was always more scholar and administrator than zealot and crusader. He's less of a cackling arch-villain in the novel, but not by much. Neither he nor the Inquisition accused people of witchcraft either, for at the time the Church officially disbelieved it existed. Even later, the Inquisitions dealt mainly with heresy.
No God No Master: First off, the title: "No Gods, No Masters" was then and is now an anarchist slogan-it isn't clear why they changed it. Flynn, who's investigating the bombings (April-June 1919) is shown talking with a free Emma Goldman-but she was in prison until September 1919, making this impossible. Her Mother Earth magazine has also been banned in 1917. Luigi Galleani was deported in June of 1919, while the Palmer Raids took place in November 1919-January 1920. Palmer himself suffered a bomb attack on his house in June, which the film strangely does not include, though it would have added to its drama and given him a personal motive in his heavy-handed response to the bombings. Flynn was actually made chief of the BOI in July 1919, before the raids. No "People's Institute" is known to exist in that period, nor did they give Galleani a scholarship, with him then turning on its members-this does not appear to serve any real purpose in the film. Sacco and Vanzetti had actually known each other since 1917, and left the US to evade the World War 1 draft. Both of them were anarchists who openly advocated violence, and possibly also followers of Luigi Galleani. They were known associates of Carlo Valdonoci, the Italian anarchist who delivered a bomb to Palmer's house, then accidentally blew himself up in the process. However, the pair were probably not guilty of the payroll murders, but had their political beliefs used against them. Unlike in the film, however, they were convicted in 1921 (a year after the final bombing, of Wall Street) and only sentenced to death in 1927, as years of appeals delayed it. J. Edgar Hoover was actually appointed by Flynn to monitor suspected radicals, whereas the film contrasts them with each other unfavorably. Last, this was hardly the first terrorist act on US soil. Most of these deviations don't really seem necessary to the film's dramatic purposes.
1978's The Norseman mangles history on a level few others could touch. Even ignoring the Horny Vikings outfits and Lee Majors as a Leif Erikson expy with a Kentucky drawl, the film's depiction of the failed settlement of Vinland is way, way off. Given that the one confirmed Viking site in America was in Newfoundland, the Florida location for the film seems way too sunny and tropical. Also, the film's promo material says the Vikings fought against "the savage warriors of the Iroquois Nation." The actual Skraelings were ancestors of the modern Inuit people. Also, there's no such thing as "the Iroquois Nation"; the Iroquois is a confederacy of several different nations, located in modern-day New York state, that formed long after the Vikings left Vinland. And those are just scratching the surface of the film.
In The Outlaw Josey Wales, character Lone Watie (implied to be a relative to Confederate general Stand Watie), tells the title character that, when the The American Civil War broke out, the Cherokee chiefs declared war on the Union due to their mistreatment on the Trail of Tears and on the reservation. Actually the real Watie family was in favor of removal to Oklahoma, and settled there voluntarily before troops were sent in to force the matter. In addition, the Cherokee tribe was split on the matter; despite being slaveholders, many of them remembered that they were forced out from a Southern state by a Southern president. Principal Chief John Ross (who had always been opposed to removal) paid lip service to the Confederates at first, then emphatically threw his weight behind the Union as soon as he could without fear of reprisal.
Outlaw King: While the film clearly wanted to avoid this for the most part with clothing, historical characters and events (unlike Braveheart, the events of which directly precede those of Outlaw King), there are still some inaccuracies:
The leather bracers Robert wears, which are an ubiquitous Hollywood myth.
The main liberty taken is Robert and Prince Edward meeting in battle for a one-on-one duel at the end of a battle, which never happened. The idea that the prince would be simply abandoned on the field, while a duel between him and Robert could go on without any interference from either side, strains all credulity. And the Scots certainly would have insisted that Edward be ransomed for a huge sum rather than simply released.note In fact, one of the most decisive moments in the later Battle of Bannockburn was the near-capture of Edward II by the Scots and him being saved in the last moment by de Valence, who guided the king to safety by pulling from his horse's reins. In the film, de Valence abandons the king without a thought.
Edward I only died two months after the Battle of Loudoun Hill.
Nigel de Brus was hanged, drawn and quartered for holding off an English force so that Elizabeth and Marjorie could get away, not just refusing to give up their location.
Alexander de Brus was not ambushed and killed while trying to retreat from the shore along with his brothers, but during a failed offensive landing. His brother Thomas was captured in the same battle and later beheaded in London.
Robert de Clifford, the English nobleman who was awarded the Douglas family's lands, was killed at the Battle of Bannockburn, rather than the Battle of Loudoun Hill as depicted in the film.
Apart from the duel between Edward and Robert and the death of Clifford, the Battle of Loudon Hill is accurately represented save for one detail: The Scottish army was uphill of the English, rather than on the same level.
It was Edward I who swore by the swans (and by God), not his son.
In Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End, Singapore would have been a small Malay fishing village, instead of a Chinese port town. Because Singapore was the name given by the British Colonists in the 19th century, it would likely have been called by its earlier name, Singapura, during the time of the film.
Princess of Thieves: Philip was not legitimized, and thus never the heir to the throne. It was lawfully John's.
The 1994 film Quiz Show takes license with the Quiz Show Scandals, specifically the NBC show 21. On the December 5, 1956 telecast, Herb Stempel takes an instructed dive by incorrectly answering "At The Waterfront" as the 1954 Oscar winner for Best Picture. In actuality, the game was decided when Stempel and eventual champ Charles Van Doren played to a tie, then after the second question of the next game Van Doren chose to end the game with him in the lead and thus giving him the championship. Robert Redford, the film's director, eschewed everything past the dive and ended the game there. What also wasn't disclosed in the film was that a contestant on Dotto was the first to blow the whistle about answers being fed.
The Ribald Tales of Robin Hood: Unsurprisingly, the film is riddled with historic inaccuracies. The most egregious is the inclusion of Prince John's sister Lady Sallyforth as one of the main villains. Prince John (and King Richard) had no sister named this of course (two of their three real sisters were in fact dead by the time John had become King in any case) and their title was Princess, not Lady (two became queens, the other a duchess).
According to the film, Robin Hood's father is responsible for a precursor of Magna Carta. Despite promising to give it his seal of approval, John doesn't and has Robin outlawed for his trouble. This does not contradict the fact of the real Magna Carta being signed several years into John's reign, which Scott plans to cover for real in a sequel, should it be greenlit.The production notes explain the charter is intended to represent the Carta de Foresta (Charter of the Forest), which awarded rights, privileges and protection to the common man (whereas Magna Carta was primarily concerned with the rights of noblemen). In the film, Robin's father drafts it years earlier. Yet John's refusal to approve it still does not contradict history, because the real Carta de Foresta came after Magna Carta, sealed by John's son Henry III.
The main plot conflict is dodgy because King Philip never invaded England. At the time, he was much more interested in recovering Angevin territories in France than he was in invading the English mainland. Years later, when John broke the terms of the Magna Carta and many barons rebelled for real (unlike the film), Philip's son Louis led an invasion with their support.
The film shows Richard dying from a crossbow bolt almost immediately. In truth, he lived for more than a week, succumbing to gangrene after a botched operation. He lived long enough to see the crossbowman (a boy who defended the walls with a crossbow and a frying pan — not a cook) brought before him. He forgave him (even after the boy confessed that he had shot Richard to avenge his father and brother) and ordered that he be set free and rewarded with 100 shillings for such a lucky shot. Shortly after Richard's death, the pardon was retracted by a mercenary captain, and the boy was flayed alive.
Richard's death: the film explicitly mentions the year 1199. This is true. However, the circumstances of Richard's death are badly muddled. In the film it's stated that his death occurs as he's returning to England from the Crusades. In actual fact, the Third Crusade effectively ended in 1193 as Richard had to rush back to England after the political crisis fomented by John reached a boiling point. On the way home, Richard was shipwrecked in modern-day Croatia and taken prisoner just outside Vienna by an enemy of his from the Crusade, Duke Leopold of Austria. Richard would spend the next two years a captive of both Leopold and later Emperor Henry IV of the Holy Roman Empire, finally being released after much wrangling and a near-ruinous ransom was paid. Richard was finally released to friendly territory in the Angevin Empire, from which he made his way to England. There, John's forces almost uniformly surrendered without a fight to Richard (the one prominent holdout being, fittingly enough, Nottingham Castle, which did offer resistance), and Richard was free to rule again after a second coronation. It was a piddling rebellion on his marchlands that caused his death in April, 1199, not a skirmish during his return from the Crusades. The film also shows him as fighting Philip of France there, instead of a baron in his own land.
Richard speaking English, bragging about his English heritage and directing slurs to the French during the first siege for that matter. In reality, all "English" monarchs and nobles between 1066 and 1453 were of Norman extract and spoke the Anglo-Norman language, more like French than anything English. While they would have looked down on the rest of the French, they also would have considered English to be the language of peasants. Richard himself was far more interested in controlling Normandy than England. England was most important to him as a source of wealth, and was more a somewhat important frontier land in the Angevin Empire than his cherished homeland. To Richard, "home" wouldn't even have been Normandy, the heartland of the Empire — it was his mother Eleanor's domain of Aquitane. England's main value is it allowed him the title of King. Otherwise, he was technically a vassal of the French king, although the English holdings in France were as or more valuable than what the French king held.
The film also, and quite understandably, chooses to ignore the fact that Isabella was twelve when she married John.
Red Pollard, is depicted as having been raised in an affluent family that lost its fortune in the 1929 Wall Street crash. While the real Pollard was indeed born into a wealthy family that lost its fortune, he had left home to become a jockey back in 1922, and the family had lost its fortune when a major flood of the North Saskatchewan River in Edmonton destroyed the family business in 1915.
War Admiral's portrayal is embellished to make Seabiscuit more of an underdog. He's portrayed as a gigantic coal-black horse with superior breeding. In reality, War Admiral was small, nicknamed the Mighty Atom, and at most 0.3 hands taller than the famously small Seabiscuit. The horses were also closely related. Both descended from the racing juggernaut Man 'o War, and Seabiscuit was essentially War Admiral's nephew. Finally, War Admiral was dark brown (bay) in only minor contrast to Seabiscuit's light brown coat.
Sergeant York, while mostly accurate, takes some liberties with the real events of Alvin York's life:
York's friend "Pusher" Ross is killed by a captured German soldier who managed to get hold of a grenade. York then shoots the German in revenge. Pusher is fictional, and although one German did refuse to surrender, threw a grenade and was shot by York in response, the grenade didn't kill any Americans.
The German troops are shown being commanded by a major. They were actually commanded by Paul Vollmer, who was only a lieutenant. The fictional major in the movie isn't named.
York is seen using a Luger he takes from a captured German after losing his US Army Colt M1911. In truth, he never took a gun from a prisoner to use, and kept hold of his Army Colt for the entire battle. This was changed because the Luger the armorers provided was the only blank-adapted handgun available on the set. He is also seen using an M1903 Springfield, as opposed to the M1917 Enfield he had in real life.
The battle occurs in a very open and frankly desert-like environment, as compared to the thickly-wooded hills of the actual ravine in France. It's possible the filmmakers wanted to give the battlefield a more harsh and desolate-looking appearance in order to add tension.
The Social Network claims to be the real life story of Facebook founder Mark Zuckerberg, but most of the scenes are made up for the film. There are several anachronisms with the 2003 time period: the Samsung SyncMaster 941BW was not available in 2003, Serato Scratch Live wasn't released until 2004, a can of Mountain Dew uses a newer logo introduced in 2005, the site "Cats That Look Like Hitler" wasn't there until 2006, Windows XP Service Pack 3, Fallout 3, and Dennis de Laat's "The Sound Of Violence" weren't released until 2008, Bing wasn't around until 2009, traffic to Facemash slowed down Harvard's network but did not cause a "network crash", Harvard had a "@fas.harvard.edu" e-mail address instead of "@harvard.edu", Harvard dorms at the time required swiping a keycard instead of keyless entry. The film's ending claims Facebook is available in 207 countries; the last count has been no greater than 196 countries. The film depicts Mark as creating Facemash and Facebook as payback and an appeal to an ex-girlfriend, when he had a girlfriend (now his wife) during most of the film's events. Mark Zuckerberg reportedly spent the time sitting, programming and eating pizza with friends during Facebook's development.
If you really want to get technical with Space Jam, while we all know that Michael Jordan didn't rescue the Looney Tunes from intergalactic aliens who run an amusement park, his retirement from basketball, his time in baseball and his return to basketball are major exaggerations or simplifications.
Yes, Jordan retired from basketball, but it was a number of reasons behind it including burnout, which was accelerated due to participating in the 1992 Barcelona Summer Olympics (which he considered the height of his career due to being part of the "Dream Team") and his father's murder.
The movie treats Jordan as a Fish out of Water as a baseball player and constantly mocks him for it. Granted, he wasn't the best - he batted .202 as part of the Birmingham Barons and .252 under the Scotsdale Scorpions - but he wasn't Space Jam bad.
There was a lockdown, but it wasn't by a mysterious illness and it wasn't with basketball - the 1994-1995 Major League Baseball Strike would hit around that time. This would be the reason why Jordan returned to the game, as he didn't want to be pigeonholed into being a replacement player during that time (the other reason was because the Chicago Bulls fell apart without him).
The film portrays Héloïse as a novice who leaves her convent school, abandoning that path for the University of Paris. In reality there's no evidence she ever was a novice or studied in a convent school, and when Abelard met her she was a well-known scholar on her own already.
Abelard actually stated he tried to seduce Héloïse, when in the film it's portrayed as her doing so. He said this was because of her fame noted above.
Whether Canon Fulbert was punished isn't recorded.
What became of Astrolabe isn't known, as Abelard only mentioned him once and Héloïse did not at all.
Abelard actually married Héloïse to appease Fulbert, rather than it being kept from him (in secret, for his University career).
It's unknown if Fulbert actually ordered Abelard attacked, though as some friends of his did it, that's possible.
The film omits over Abelard's later troubles after becoming a monk (he was expelled from one abbey over antagonizing the monks with a dispute, plus twice accused of heresy and officially sanctioned for it).
Héloïse conversely has her radically proto-feminist ideas in later life (drawn from her letters to Abelard) wholly unmentioned (saying she preferred love to marriage, describing the latter as prostitution etc.).
Stonehearst Asylum: "Mickey Finn" as a term for knockout drugs didn't originate until 1915, based on a real case in 1903 of a Chicago barman by that name drugging and then robbing customers. The film has it used in the 1899 UK.
One of the biggest criticisms towards the movie Sully was the portrayal of the NTSB throughout the investigation into the incident that forced the titular airplane pilot to land in the Hudson River. In the film, the NTSB treat pilots Sully and Skiles with disdain and disrespect, acting antagonistic towards the two and trying to ruin them by proving that Sully acted poorly with the idea of gliding the plane into the Hudson. In reality, the pilots and the NTSB were cooperative to each other and the NTSB were more than certain that Sully had made the right call almost from the word go.
In Teaching Mrs. Tingle, one of the main characters is a girl we're constantly told is a great brain, and she produces a final project for her History class that's an "authentic recreation" of the diary of a girl who was killed during the Salem Witch Trials, right down to the book being authentically aged to resemble a diary that had survived the period. The eponymous teacher opens the diary at random, and finds an entry on how the fictional girl fears she'll be burned at the stake tomorrow. No one was burned at the stake in the Salem Witch Trials, and a person of that time period would have known this. They hanged those convicted, while one was crushed under weights for declining to enter a plea, and while people were burned in Europe, it was usually for heresy, not witchcraft (though, to be sure, the two were sometimes linked). The student gets a C, though not for this mistake.
In Testament Of Youth, a civilian notices that a British soldier leaving for the front in 1914 is sick and identifies the illness as Spanish Flu, claiming that it's both ripping through the troops and in all the newspapers. The first known case of Spanish Flu was in 1918, in the United States, and it was called that because reports of the disease weren't subjected to wartime censorship in neutral Spain.
Timeline: The film has the English treat a Frenchman as suspicious just for being French, and kill him as a spy. At the time however, most of the English nobles were themselves Norman-French, spoke French, and had French allies. The French and English did not wear red or blue uniforms at the time either. In that era there were no standard uniforms at all. If any, each lord's men wore his colors/emblem, not a national one.
Confused Matthew went to great lengths to explain how Titanic (1997) went beyond Artistic License and outright falsified what happened on the Titanic to make the upperclassmen on the ship as unsympathetic as possible and thus try and make the main characters more sympathetic. His two biggest beefs seem to be: falsely portraying First Officer (third in command of the ship, Chief Officer is 2nd in command) William Murdock as a corrupt individual who took bribes and shot people to ensure certain people spots on the lifeboats, and making up the idea that the ship's crew tried to keep the lower class men down in third class to let them all die.
Transformers claims that many of the advancements in technology in the 20th century were a result of reverse-engineering Megatron, who had been hidden under the Hoover Dam by the US government. The filmmakers include cars in this list of technologies. In reality, Karl Benz (as in Mercedes-Benz) patented the first internal combustion-powered car in 1895, thirty years before the Hoover Dam was even thought of.
U571 caused some controversy in the UK as it portrays an American submarine crew capturing a German Enigma code machine from a stranded U-Boat. In reality the British Royal Navy were the ones to board a sinking U-boat and capture the device.note Although the US Navy did capture a U-boat and all of its code equipment intact, it wasn't until 1944, and that capture occurred in battle in the open sea, with no further incidents after the German crew abandoned ship. Also the depiction of German destroyers in the Atlantic hunting US and UK submarines is inaccurate as the German navy concentrated their resources on U-Boats, their surface fleet was unable to maintain any kind of presence in the Atlantic. The fact the British captured the Enigma code machines rather than the US is acknowledged just prior to the credits.
In Undercover Blues, it is said that Paulina Novacek (villain of the movie and former STB agent) "left Prague two jumps ahead of the firing squad." There were no executions in Czechoslovakia after the Velvet Revolution (Czechoslovakia abolished the death penalty in 1990); before the revolution, executions were carried out by hanging.
It is doubtful anyone was expecting historical accuracy from Up the Chastity Belt, but suffice it to say that Richard the Lionheart did not have a twin brother named Lurkalot, not did he ever marry a woman named Lobelia.
Valkyrie: A banner uses the Fraktur typeface, which was very popular in early Nazi Germany, but was banned by the Nazis in 1941, before the events of the film.
Welcome to Marwen: Mark wasn't able to get much of the health care that is shown in the film since the state would not cover it any longer. He left the hospital early because it was beyond his coverage. Mark lived with a friend and his mother, who also cared for him (she wasn't shown in the film at all). The men who attacked Mark were not actually Neo-Nazis, just thugs (one was black). Mark also had to testify three times (the preliminary hearing, trial and sentencing), never running from the courtroom as a result of the stress. Nicol was already married and had children-there was no abusive boyfriend. Mark consequently never proposed.
Judge Doom's ultimate goal is to build the Pasadena Freeway on the land where Toontown stands; his shutting down LA's trolleys is a Shout-Out to the Great American Streetcar Scandal. However, the film is set in 1947 - the Pasadena Freeway was already built in 1940.
In that same film Eddie and Roger watch the Goofy cartoon "Goofy Gymnastics", which was released in 1949.
Several cartoon characters in the movie would only make their debut several years later: Wile E. Coyote and the Road Runner ("Fast and Furry-ous", 1949), Tinkerbell (Peter Pan, 1953), the penguin waiters (Mary Poppins, 1964)... However, the makers defended themselves by saying that these characters were simply not employed yet by their studios in those years.
Wild Wild West shows President Grant attending the completion of the Transcontinental Railroad in 1869 (he didn't). It also has him creating the Secret Service with the purpose of protecting the president. In reality, it was created in 1865 to investigate counterfeiting. The first president to be placed under their protection was Theodore Roosevelt in 1902.
Witchboard: Brandon claims that Ouija boards were invented in 540 BCE. The first recording of anything like an Ouija board was in 1100 CE, and modern Ouija boards were invented in the 1800s.
X-Men Origins: Wolverine: The movie claims to start in 1845 Northwest Territories, Canada... Except that the Northwest Territories would not become a part of Canada until 1870 (and the borders of the vast area were gradually changed until 1905, which resulted in the creation of 4 provinces and 2 territories). Canada itself was only granted Dominion status in 1867.
RFK Stadium is shown with a baseball diamond. The film is set in 1973, while in real life the stadium did not host baseball from 1972 (following the second Washington Senators' relocation to Texas) to 2004 (The Montreal Expos became the Washington Nationals the following year and played at RFK for three years before opening a new ballpark).
Hank tells Logan that most of the students and teachers were drafted for the The Vietnam War, which is why Charles had shut down the school. In real life, most—if not all—of them could have stayed through a student deferment, and it's hard to believe that Xavier couldn't push such a thing through if he really wanted to.
It is nigh-impossible that a CNN reporter would have been allowed to film in a Polish town, especially given that Poland in 1983 was under martial law.
When Apocalypse is addressing the world, he speaks in Russian to a large group of churchgoers at a solemn Russian Orthodox Christian service. It is also highly improbable that the church would have that much attendance (religious life in the USSR was very strictly policed).
The X-Files: Fight the Future starts off 35,000 years ago in North Texas, and depicts a pair of Neanderthals running through the snow. Evidence of humans in the New World so early is thin and disputed; if they were there, they were certainly not Neanderthal, who never ranged outside Eurasia.
In real life, Alexander McSween died in the middle of a furious shootout, while the movie shows him being gunned down by US army soldiers for no apparent reason at a time when there was no other shooting by anyone.
Lawrence Murphy was not present at the actual final battle of the Lincoln County War, nor was he shot by Billy the Kid as the movie depicted. In fact, he was in extremely poor health at the time, and died of cancer a few months later.
The character "William Henry French" is a composite of two real-life members of the Regulators (Jim French and Henry Brown), though he bears little resemblance to either one of them.
Doc and Chavez both die in the movie. In real life, both of them survived their exploits with Billy the Kid and went on to live full lives, both passing away from natural causes in the 1920s. Chavez died in 1924 at age 73, while Doc died in 1929 at 80. Oddly enough, the end of the first movie actually gets it right, explaining what they both went on to do after the Lincoln County War, but the sequel decides to change course and kill them off for some inexplicable reason.
Also, rather than be famously shot dead by Pat Garrett, Billy's portrayed as surviving to old age by faking his death (though the first film accurately says what happened to him, aside from his supposed dying note reading "Pals"). This is based on the real-life case of "Brushy" Bill Roberts, an old cowboy who claimed to be Billy the Kid shortly before his death in 1950.