That chick who wrote Jane Eyre.
What? You want more? All right.
Charlotte Brontë (1816-1855) was the daughter of an English clergyman. She had two older sisters, Elizabeth and Maria, who died in a tuberculosis outbreak at their private school when she was young. She also had two younger sisters, Emily Brontë and Anne Brontë, and a brother, Branwell.
A creative and imaginative girl from a young age, she ended up spending most of her adult life as a governess for rich children, or a teacher at a private school in Brussels.
She first began publishing under the pseudonym "Currer Bell" in 1846 when she, along with Anne and Emily, published a collection of their poetry. A year later, in 1847, she published again as Currer Bell, this time a novel, her most famous work: Jane Eyre.
Jane Eyre received criticism from some of her contemporaries, but was fairly widely regarded and overall a sucess. However, Charlotte's brother and her younger sisters, Emily and Anne, soon died (all from tuberculosis), leaving Charlotte and her father as the only surviving members of the family.
Charlotte revealed her identity to the London literary circle, and began to meet with figures such as Elizabeth Gaskell and William Makepeace Thackeray.
She went on to publish Shirley, Villette, and The Professor, and to marry Arthur Bell Nicholls, a colleague of her father who had given her an Anguished Declaration of Love. Charlotte was probably pregnant with her first child when, tragically, she died - possibly from typhus, possibly from dehydration and malnourishment as a result of severe morning sickness.
One of the most important writers of her time and an early feminist writer makes her Short-Lived Big Impact. George Eliot singled her out in Silly Novels by Lady Novelists as one of the three female novelists of great skill unlike those whose faults she was dissecting.
Reader, a list of her works:
- Poems by Currer, Acton, and Ellis Bell (1846)
- Jane Eyre (1847)
- Shirley (1849)
- Villette (1853)
- The Professor (published posthumously in 1857)