Or before all that? Before the Yàngbǎn?
Had it ever stopped?
He thought of the Simurgh, thought of all of this in the context of him being just one of her pawns.
His head hung.
Always a pawn. Always the expendable one.
A person is Brainwashed so that, on a certain trigger (either a situation, or else a phrase only someone in the know would ever say), they will go from their normal self to The Mole; they will most often remember nothing afterward. Occasionally, they can be programmed to do even more serious crimes, such as attacking their teammates outright, but their true value lies in the fact that their cover is so deep that not even they realise it.
If they or their teammates discover the truth, expect a lot of angst. Whether or not they are are able to break free of their programming (or at least, soon enough for it to matter) will vary from story to story.
In spy and technothriller fiction, such agents are an extreme form of what's commonly known as "sleeper agents", or just "sleepers".
See also Brainwashed, Berserk Button, Morality Dial, Tomato in the Mirror, Conveniently Unverifiable Cover Story, Alternate Identity Amnesia, and Lotus-Eater Machine. Compare Memory Gambit, which is when you do this to yourself. May require Deprogramming to cure and, if not cured sufficiently thoroughly, is one of the causes of Brainwash Residue.
- This is how Yoh Hinomura effectively becomes Crying Freeman: with the assassin doctrines of the 108 Dragons implanted in his subconscious, all it takes for him to start a mission is the same trigger phrase he heard when he was indoctrinated.
- Tengen Toppa Gurren Lagann has Nia becoming the agent of the Anti-Spirals when the population reaches 1 million.
- Happens in Naruto Shippuden with Sasori's spies (Yuura and Kabuto).
- Anew Returner in Gundam 00. In this case, the trigger is the presence of a particular person: her twin brother, Revive Revival, who gets captured midway the series and "resets" her.
- Kirika from Noir. She was an incredibly awesome assassin before. Fear what she became.
- Code Geass: Lelouch's mind-controlling Hypnotic Eyes lets him give people orders that cannot be refused, and in addition to the immediate Brainwashed victims, he can also create a Manchurian Agent by applying special conditions to the command. For example, he made a Britannian officer into a Manchurian agent that would see him as Princess Cornelia (under whose command he was) when he grabbed his collar.
- Covered by the one-off character of Twyla in Voltron.
- Mitsuki, and probably the other Wolves in Doubt
- Occurs in Mahou Sensei Negima! with Shiori. In this case, it seems to simply be a decoy to keep Ala Alba from noticing something particular, but Mana notes that they can't rule out the possibility of a Trigger Phrase.
- In Detective School Q, Pluto/Meiousei does this all the time to its clients and its own agents as a failsafe - on the trigger, they'll kill witnesses, or themselves, or go insane... and it's not pretty.
- In Death Note, Light acts as a Manchurian Agent on behalf of himself. One of the most ingenious plot twists in a series full of plot twists.
- Dance in the Vampire Bund provides the nanotechnology known as the "Pied Piper" which when applied to vampires forces their mind to register any orders they receive as coming directly from their overlord ("Release the insane werewolf and lock down your HQ so you are trapped with it? Of course My Liege").
- This is the power of one of Sinbad's Djinns in Magi: The Labyrinth of Magic. Zepar uses sound waves to interfere with people's minds and force Sinbad's Rukh into their bodies. Princess Kougyoku is the only known one, and we witness how it happened. Sinbad confessed she is not the only one; there are two others, one in Sindria and another one somewhere else.
- In the original anime, Haga did something similar to this to Jonouchi by having a kid plant a Parasite Paracide card in Jonouchi's deck; in this case, the "trigger" was Haga's "Reckless Parasite" card. (Not a real card.) Unfortunately for Haga, he underestimated Jonouchi's resourcefulness; he was actually able to use the Parasite Paraside to destroy Haga's Perfectly Ultimate Great Moth.
- In the fourth season of Yu-Gi-Oh! GX, Saiou did something similar, planting a copy of Arcana Force 0 - The Fool in Judai's deck; in this case, the "trigger" was Saiou's Spell Card, "Decisive Power of Absolute Destiny" again, not a real card. With the Fool on Judai's side of the field, Saiou was nearly unbeatable, able to control the outcome of any of his cards that depended on coin tosses, but like in the case of Jonouchi, underestimated his foe's resourcefulness (and in this case, took very unnecessary risk, proving that when he had to rely on actual luck, his was pretty bad).
- As far as humans went, Bruno from Yu-Gi-Oh! 5D's was a willing Manchurian agent, at least initially. Like Aporia, he was an android containing the consciousness of one of Z-One's allies from the Bad Future that the villain wished to undue (with no regard for who might die in the process) but in Bruno's case, his memory was suppressed, and he was programmed to act as Team 5D's advisor and ally, both as Bruno and as his alter ego of "Dark Glass". Bruno's true programming didn't kick in until the Arc Cradle appeared, threatening to destroy Neo Domino, and he turned against Yusei, combatting him in a lethal duel thought outer space where a black hole threatened to consume them. However, he started to have second thoughts and resist his programming, and in the end, sacrificed himself to help Yusei escape the pull of the black hole.
- In The Rising of the Shield Hero "Justice zombies" are infected by being cut with a cursed dagger that leaves them under the complete control of Malty and her co-conspirators. In the early stages of their spread the zombies acted completely normal so they could perform sabotage and infect others. When their sabotage or infection is revealed they become openly hostile to anyone not aligned with them and attack while shouting propaganda.
- In Assassin's Creed: The Fall, Daniel Cross serves this role in Warren Vidic's Evil Plan to weed out the Assassin Order.
- Blue Beetle, in a memorable and bloody couple of issues of Justice League International; they ultimately had to resort to a Journey to the Center of the Mind to get him deprogrammed.
- Titans/The Flash supporting character Frances Kane was originally programmed this way by her therapist, probably contributing to her later mental problems.
- In the comic book 100 Bullets, the phrase (used to cause old memories to re-emerge rather than force them to do something against their will) is "Croatoa."
- Subverted in an issue of Justice League Adventures, where this is attempted against the subject's will, but whoever it was made the mistake of choosing The Question as their mole. He's so paranoid, he actually found himself out before he could do any damage.
- These turn out to be central to the plot of Hondo-City Justice - a large number of girls with alien DNA are triggered to kill the drokk out of any Yakuza members they happen to see. Asahara manages to overcome it.
- In the conclusion of the Daredevil "Shadowland" event, Typhoid Mary was revealed to be Kingpin's Manchurian Agent.
- Inverted in the Marvel Transformers comics when Ratchet, forced by Megatron to rebuild Starscream as a Pretender, hides Starscream's true personality deep in his neural circuits. Megatron then sends the "new" Starscream against the Autobots and Decepticons on Earth. One shot from Hot Rod damages Starscream, and he immediately reverts to the Dirty Coward we all know and love.
- The Transformers (IDW):
- The Transformers Megaseries has Nightbeat, who was reprogrammed by the inhabitants of the Dead Universe to kill Optimus Prime when the time was right. Nightbeat being Nightbeat, he realises somthing's up, and has Hardhead accompany him when he goes investigating the planet he was captured on, so that if he turns Hardhead can kill him. He does, and Hardhead does as well. He gets better, but the programming lingers until The Transformers: Dark Cybertron, when Rodimus finally breaks him out of it.
- There's also Beachcomber, who was implanted with a cerebro-shell and sent to assassinate Blaster when the time was right. He almost succeeded. Blaster eventually recovers and finds out, and encourages Beachcomber to fight what's been done to him. It nearly kills the poor guy.
- Pathfinder: Worldscape had elf thief Merisiel, who had been transported to the Worldscape 20 years prior to the storyline' beginning by Kulan Gath and Empress Camilla to help them acquire important artifacts of immense power. After succeeding on this task, she is returned to her home with her memories of the past events wiped out. Many years afterward, she is brought back to the Worldscape, this time bringing with her the adventuring party she had joined. Her memories are restored and Gath conspires to rob Camilla's artifact so he can gain ultimate power and has the thief infiltrate her court to steal it and kill the empress. After helping Gath in his plans, its revealed the entity that returned Merisiel to her home world and wiped her memories guarded the artifacts she stole and Merisiel was the Manchurian Agent against Gath all along, making this a rare heroic variant of this trope.
- In Mind Mgmt both the title organization and their opponents seem to utilize a number of these. One family man codenamed "The Bear" receives a piece of paper reading "mulligan duck", kills his wife (and dog), and sets off on an anti-MM mission.
- One of the many loathed parts of The Crossing was attempted to retcon that Iron Man had been this for Kang since The Avengers first fought him, having brainwashed him into being a mole for him. As part of Avengers Forever's damage control, it was retconned that it was really Immortus (at the time Kang's older self) and it only went back to Operation Galactic Storm (and Tony leading half of the Avengers to kill the Supreme Intelligence was an attempt to drive the Avengers back to Earth that backfired).
- Ultimate Wolverine: "Project: Mothervine" turns normal people into this.
- Modesty Blaise: In "Our Friend Maude", Maude Tiller is brainwashed to assassinate Rene Valois, the head of French intelligence, while believing she is acting on orders from Sir Gerald.
- This Season 3 Buffy the Vampire Slayer fic where Faith turned out to be a Manchurian Agent placed by Wes to infiltrate the Mayors organization and with a simple phrase, wake up and come back to fight with the white hats. But then theres the big reveal in the finale, the real Faith was the evil one from the start, Wes having made up the alternate Faith to give her a chance at redemption.
- Pokéumans: Theoretically, everyone (including you) is one of these - the trigger is seeing a transforming Pokeuman, and afterwards everyone's memory of the incident is erased.
- Gadget has become one in Of Mice and Mayhem. She has a chip inside her head that automatically makes her kill a leader at 9 a.m. unless she is sedated. To make matters even worse for her, she has already poisoned a Middle East dictator to death in a test run which means that a human has been assassinated by a Rescue Ranger.
- In the Ask Researcher Twilight Tumblr fanfic blog on My Little Pony: Friendship Is Magic, Twilight has turned Rarity into one of these.
- Digimon 02 The Story We Never Told reveals during Chapter 64 that the Armor Digivolutions were designed as this; when Oikawa says a key phrase while the Digimon are in them, they're brainwashed into serving him.
- American Ultra has the lead character under heavy psychological programming to forget he was ever a field operativenote . Apparently because a side-effect of the program's techniques was giving the test subjects mental instability. Later sub-programs made use of test subjects that were already unhinged.
- In Captain America: Civil War we learn that although Bucky is no longer being put through the full HYDRA brainwashing process, he can still be controlled by anyone who can recite a certain sequence of code words. And he recognizes them, but can't stop it from happening.
- More or less the entire point of the movie The Curse of the Jade Scorpion. One of the key words was "Madagascar". Bonus points in that one of the people thus hypnotized was the detective in charge of his own investigation, and doesn't realize it.
- In Demolition Man, Dr. Raymond Cocteau intends to use Simon Phoenix in this way to assassinate the leader of the underground resistance.
- From the 1983 comedy Going Berserk, John Candy's character is brainwashed by a cult to assassinate his fiancée's congressman father using a playing card as a trigger. Something goes wrong in the hypnotism though, and the trigger doesn't make him a cold-blooded assassin as much as a loud obnoxious asshole - Hilarity Ensues.
- Candy is also one in one of the very few funny moments in Volunteers (1985). Captured by the Red Army, he laughs at their plans to brainwash him. One jump cut later he's quoting Mao at every opportunity to the point where he's annoying the hell out of his new commander.
- Johnny English Reborn has the bad guys use a compound to turn anyone into a hidden assassin before dying from a heart attack.
- The near-eponymous (technically speaking, the Manchurian Agent isn't the "Manchurian Candidate", but that's nitpicking) The Manchurian Candidate (The Film of the Book). There are currently two adaptations, the 1962 adaptation and the 2004 adaptation.
- Arguably, the entire population of The Matrix, being as how anyone who hasn't been freed from the Matrix can become an Agent at any time. It's arguable because, while the result is the same, from the perspective of anyone inside the Matrix they physically turn into an Agent.
- The Naked Gun. Reggie Jackson is programmed to assassinate the Queen of England. There's even a Shout-Out to Telefon when the technique is first demonstrated.
- Star Wars: The Clone Troopers from the prequels are an army of Manchurian Agents. However, the manner of how this was done differs between canon and Legends.
- Legends: Palpatine had a series of genetic "orders" implanted in them that he could activate them when ready. Until then, the Clone Troopers simply acted as normal, friendly soldiers. The only order we see is Order 66, which, when said, caused every single Clone Trooper who heard it to instantly consider any Jedi a traitor to the Republic and attack them. He also had plenty of failsafes to keep them loyal to him and him only.
- The Expanded Universe showed that some of the Clone Troopers were strong enough to resist Order 66 and that those who simply didn't hear it remained good (one Clone Trooper who was stuck on an uncharted world during the end of the Clone Wars later joined up with the Rebellion), but the vast majority of them succumbed to it, and those who didn't were either forced into hiding or killed.
- Canon: See Star Wars: The Clone Wars in the Western Animation folder.
- Legends: Palpatine had a series of genetic "orders" implanted in them that he could activate them when ready. Until then, the Clone Troopers simply acted as normal, friendly soldiers. The only order we see is Order 66, which, when said, caused every single Clone Trooper who heard it to instantly consider any Jedi a traitor to the Republic and attack them. He also had plenty of failsafes to keep them loyal to him and him only.
- Telefon (1977). The KGB plant 51 such agents with fake identities in the United States, programmed to commit acts of sabotage on receiving a Trigger Phrase. Unfortunately a fanatical Stalinist opposed to détente steals the list of agents, and the Soviets have to send Charles Bronson to stop him.
Remember, [Agent's real name], miles to go before you sleep."
- Terminator Genisys lampshades it, with Kyle Reese trying to convince Sarah Connor to not trust the "Guardian" T-800, on the grounds that it might have hidden programming that it's not even aware of.
- Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning: The UniSol clones can be programmed with false memories.
- Ann is used this way by Korvo(through hypnoses) in Whirlpool.
- In the movie Zoolander, the title character is hypnotized into becoming a berserk assassin when he hears the song "Relax" by Frankie Goes to Hollywood. As is every major assassin in US history. Maybe not to that particular song, but the brainwashing thing.
- X2: X-Men United. Stryker utilizes several mutants this way, in conjunction with Brainwashed and Crazy. Cyclops is one of them, and then we find out that Stryker's Dragon Lady Deathstrike is another one.
- Lord Byron was almost used as one of these in Tim Powers' The Anubis Gates.
- In Babel-17, one saboteur turns out to have been programmed by Babel-17 itself, which is crafted to make people hate the Alliance.
- Programming people is routine for the protagonist's agency in Oleg Divov's Brothers in Reason. The main character himself as well as his half-brother are programmed to shoot their father on sight, one with a gun and the other with a laser implanted in the forearm. The first one is revealed when he begins to suspect something and asks his half-brother to hypnotize him. When he becomes aware of the programming, he is now free to disobey it.
- It is standard policy for all agency employees to undergo brainwashing whenever a mole is suspected.
- This is the same agency that psychically zombifies the entire population of Earth into loving everything Russian, the ultimate psychotronic weapon.
- In the Captain Underpants books, Mr. Krupp turns into Captain Underpants when he hears fingers snapping, and returns to normal when water is poured on his head.
- In David Wingrove's Chung Kuo, a servant is made to attack General Tolonen.
- The Dresden Files: In Turn Coat, there are abounding fears within the White Council of Wizards that there are traitors running amok after one of the Senior Council is murdered. It turns out that someone has been mucking with the heads of the entire younger generation of wizards, turning them into sleeping assassins/suicide bombers, including Captain Luccio, the head of the Wardens. On top of that, all of the other wizards have been quietly influenced by subtle mind-control enchantments over the course of the war.
- In Frank Herbert's Dune, the Bene Gesserit can use psychosexual conditioning techniques (called hypno-ligation) to control people. They can trigger their victims by using code words.
- The Glass Books of the Dream Eaters features a trigger phrase known only to the highest echelon of the Cabal, used on those who have undergone the Process, that makes them follow the instructions given by the person who uses the phrase to the letter. It varies based on several factors; it includes a colour ("blue" for those who underwent the Process at the Institute, "orange" for those who underwent it at Harschmort,) a Biblical reference ("Magdalene" for the recruited followers, "Caesar" for the officers, etc.,) the place they were recruited ("Royale" for the Hotel Royale, "Regiment" for the army,) and the words "ice consumption." So, for example, the Countess uses "orange Magdalene orange Royale ice consumption" on Miss Temple, when trying to determine whether or not she underwent the Process at Harschmort.
- The Honor Harrington verse has several methods for doing that. One is called "psych adjustment", which implants a series of compulsions into the unwitting subject that causes him or her to do something when certain conditions are met. However, this requires a lengthy period of programming, which can be problematic if the "agent" has a rigid schedule or urgent responsibilities. A new technique is pioneered by the Mesan Alignment, involving nanites that, at a specific time, take over the person's nervous system and force the body to act the way the programmer desires. This method also involves And I Must Scream, since the agent in question is aware that he or she is not in control of the body but can't do anything about it. After the agent is dead, the nanites self-destruct, leaving no trace for anyone not specifically looking for them.
- Dean Koontz's Night Chills has an entire town of sleepers triggered by the phrase "I am the key".
- In False Memory, victims are programmed with two-step triggers: the name of a novel character, followed by a haiku. If the haiku is not recited for several seconds, the victim will become conscious again, with no memory of hearing the trigger or what they were doing immediately before. They will only respond to commands or statements; if asked a question (unless it is phrased as a command, i.e. "Tell me if you understand"), they will merely repeat it back.
- Imriel in Kushiel's Mercy: the trigger is kissing his beloved.
- In A Land Fit for Heroes, one of the Imperial marines accompanying Archeth on her mission is actually a dwenda who erased his own memory and brainwashed himself into believing he was a loyal soldier order to infiltrate the military. If certain conditions are met, he will regain his memory of his true identity and assassinate her. Warhelm Ansharal figures this out and modifies the agent's trigger, both protecting Archeth and arranging for the elimination of a different target of Ansharal's choice.
- Inverted in the Lord Darcy story A Case Of Identity, where Lord Seiger is a homicidal maniac when in his natural state, but has been constrained by mental healers' geas effects to be entirely harmless and trustworthy. At least, until he's fed the correct trigger phrase by his superior in the Angevin royal spy organization, which unleashes his full Axe-Crazy lethality on enemies of the Crown.
- Richard Condon's The Manchurian Candidate. The Trope Namer.
- Inverted in MARZENA, they're not Manchurian! They're Anti-Manchurian, evil people turned into good people thanks to laser-guided brain surgeries and then who turns evil again when their brain heals and they recover their memories (It's just artificially induced DID really).
- Raul Diaz in Mr Blank is referred to as a Manchurian Candidate. Brainwashed by so many different conspiracies, traded as a pawn, he even gets activated to kill by accident.
- In the fourth A Series of Unfortunate Events book, Klaus is repeatedly taken in and out of a brainwashed state, which is triggered by the word "lucky" and ended by the word "inordinate".
- In the Shadowrun novel Night's Pawn, a Mega-Corp executive's daughter is programmed to kill her father as soon as they're alone together. Worse, she's programmed to do so with a concealed bone spur that can't be detected on scans ... and that's designed to slit her own arteries as it emerges, causing her to bleed to death and thus be unable to explain what happened to her.
- In The Stand, Tom Cullen is hypnotized and programmed to be a spy for the Boulder faction. The full moon is his trigger for returning to report his observations. M-O-O-N, that spells moon.
- Star Wars Legends,
- One of the X-Wing books used this. The trigger phrase, different for each agent, was a nonsensical problem (for example, "Those Wookiees are dancing in the parlor again") that instantly became the sole focus of the brainwashed person's life — and the only way to "solve the problem" was to carry out the preprogrammed mission, usually an assassination.
- An earlier X-Wing book had a version not triggered by a code phrase, caused by long-term torture and reconditioning in the Lusankya prison. These agents would be unaware of what Isard had done until they were triggered, at which point they became Apologetic Adversaries. The example above was considered more dangerous because it could be engineered by only a day's worth of chemical treatments after kidnapping the target, and it also managed to stir up Fantastic Racism by, for example, causing a fleetwide suspension on Twi'lek pilots.
- In the story "Therefore I Am" from Tales of the Bounty Hunters the assassin droid IG-88 plans to use a program to turn every droid in the galaxy into one, inciting a droid rebellion. The most astonishing part is, he actually manages to out-gambit Palpatine himself. The only reason IG-88 fails is because the final part of his plan — which he succeeds at doing — involves downloading his mind into the second Death Star's computer core (and even improves the super laser's accuracy) right before the Battle of Endor. (Which in case anyone forgot, is where the Death Star II is blown up.)
- In Worm, the Simurgh mass produces these. As a powerful telepath, she gets into the minds of those she encounters and twists them until they will fulfill her needs. These agents can go undetected for years, acting perfectly normal until they get into position to influence something important, at which point they appear to snap. The Simurgh's impressive precognitive powers only makes this more effective.
- In the Thousand Sons novel Ahriman: Sorcerer, Sanakht telepathically brainwashes his slave Hemellion into becoming a sleeper agent in a plot to overthrow his master Ahriman. When Sanakht is ready to spring his coup, Hemellion will activate and assassinate his target, Carmenta. He succeeds, dying in the process.
- Talia Winters in Babylon 5, and Garibaldi in season 4.
- Sharon "Boomer" Valerii from the 2000s Battlestar Galactica.
- In Big Wolf on Campus, the Evil Werewolf Syndicate try to increase their numbers by doing this to Tommy; whenever he hears the code phrase he's supposed to bite the nearest person.
- Derren Brown's special "The Heist" was a real-life attempt at creating four of these.
- In case you're wondering... 75% success rate.
- In his The Events special, he picks a susceptible person in a cafe and then programs the guy to steal a TV when he sees a girl wearing red and holding a balloon. The guy does and then tries to come up with a lame excuse for his behavior when caught.
- He goes even further in the special "The Assassin". He picks a susceptible person from his audience and then spends some time programming him to respond to the polka dot pattern (which puts him into a susceptible trance after which he doesn't remember anything) and a specific ringtone (that causes him to think he's still at the shooting range firing at a target). The only other thing that is required is someone to tell him who the target is. In this case, it's Stephen Fry. The guy successfully "assassinates" the actor in the middle of a crowded theater; luckily, Derren is there to clear things up and remove the conditioning. Derren keeps referring back to the assassination of Bobby Kennedy, whose killer Sirhan Sirhan has been claiming for decades that he's been programmed by the CIA.
- Spike in season seven of Buffy the Vampire Slayer. The trigger is "Early One Morning", a song his mother used to sing when he was a child.
- The episode "Attack Angels" of Charlie's Angels features a villain who runs a business creating examples of this trope and selling their services to other villains.
- Doctor Who:
- The Auton Romans in "The Pandorica Opens", including Rory.
- In "Day of the Moon", the entire human race becomes this. The Silence's ability to control humanity via post-hypnotic suggestion ends up backfiring in the most spectacular way possible when one of them is recorded uttering the following words (intended as a boast rather than a command), which is then broadcast to the whole planet during the Apollo 11 Moon landing.
Silence: You should kill us all on sight.
- Mellie and Perrin in Dollhouse.
Adelle DeWitt: There are three flowers in a vase. The third flower is green.
- It's not perfect, though. If someone realizes they're being triggered, they may resist, to an extent. Specifically, Mellie resists when ordered to kill Paul, and opts to shoot herself instead.
- In the Farscape episode "A Prefect Murder", Aeryn is turned into one via a mind-controlling bug. There's also a subversion: after being bitten. John pieces together what's happening just in time to hand over his weapon and leave the area.
- Firefly's River Tam, although it's only really seen in The Movie, Serenity. Her trigger was a subliminal message buried in a Fruity Oaty Bars commercial, which caused her to go into martial-arts-killing-machine mode.
- Get Smart - Max is abducted and brainwashed to assassinate the Chief over their usual chess game at the club - an employee is the KAOS agent behind the scheme and knows the Chief always wins, so he makes "Checkmate" the trigger. It's Get Smart— of course it doesn't work as planned.
- And the funny part at the end after the villain is defeated, Max is still reflexively shooting at anyone saying "Checkmate" and sheepishly explaining that a bad habit is hard to break.
- In one episode of InSecurity, N'udu is brainwashed and assigned to kill his best friend.
- In a first-season episode of Lois & Clark a magician hypnotizes people into becoming his willing slaves when they hear the phrase "moon and stars", with both Superman and Lois falling victim to this. In another episode, Lois thinks she was taken in a stereotypical Alien Abduction (when Clark expresses doubt, she points out that he himself is an alien). In reality, it was an implanted memory by a criminal, who triggers Lois to do something reckless, such as walk out onto a busy roadway, in order to distract Superman, while he steals something.
- Done twice in the MacGyver (1985) episode "Brainwashed". Jack Dalton and Pete Thornton are both programmed with different code phrases buried in the speech to be given by the president of a fictional African country they're programmed to assassinate. The simultaneous missing weekend over which they were programmed is covered by Fake Memories.
- Magnum, P.I.: During their service in Vietnam, Magnum and T.C. were captured by the Viet Cong. One episode revealed that a KGB officer had turned T.C. into one of these. They activated him in order to assassinate some Japanese dignitaries, but Magnum was able to stop the plot and T.C. was sent to a hospital for deprogramming.
- The Mission: Impossible episode "Mindbend", where brainwashing is used. They have a drug prepared to counter it...
- The second series episode "The Assassin", with hypnosis and biochips behind the ear.
- The setup for My Own Worst Enemy is an inversion as Edward Albright, the spy, is the original personality, and Henry Spivey, a quiet middle-management office employee with a wife and two kids, is the implanted cover. The whole premise of the show is the breakdown of the chip that separates the two lives and Henry becoming aware of his alter-ego. Cue the inexperienced Henry going on missions, and Edward sleeping with Henry's wife.
- The New Adventures of Robin Hood: In "The Hanged Man", the Sheriff uses a Mad Scientist to brainwash either Marion, Little John, or Tuck to kill Robin.
- The Outer Limits (1995): The episode "Straight and Narrow" deals with a prep school which is a front for an agency training these. It is revealed at the end that their "recruits" have infiltrated many agencies, including law enforcement. Programming is done with an implanted computer chip, although it fails with someone who has ulcers due to a treatment formerly prescribed for it.
- In Power Rangers RPM, while Dillon is the most obvious, a significant percentage of the population of Corinth have been turned into cyborgs without their knowledge, to turn on the rest of the population when Venjix triggers the command.
- Rocko from Puppets Who Kill was brainwashed into becoming an assassin for the government in one episode. The trigger to switch him between normal and brainwashed was to show him a Jack of Diamonds. Naturally, this led to a whole bunch of stuff happening that made the two scientists stop and note that they shouldn't have used something as common as playing cards for the trigger. At the end of the episode, the scientists attempt to remove the brainwashing and are seemingly successful... at least, until the local news introduces their new weatherman, Jack O'Diamond.
- A couple episodes of Stargate SG-1 use this. The agents trigger to a particular event or time after being brainwashed to do so, kill the target(s) and then themselves.
- The Romulans do this to LaForge in the Star Trek: The Next Generation episode "The Mind's Eye".
- Star Trek: Deep Space Nine
- In the episode "Inquisition", Bashir is accused of being a willing one of these (as in, he agreed to become an enemy agent and then suppressed any knowledge of it in order to maintain his cover perfectly) by Section 31. He's not, it's all just a test by the Secret Police to screen him for initiation into their organization whether he likes it or not.
- In the episode "Whispers" an alien rebel faction has come up with a twist; rather than try and brainwash O'Brien to sabotage peace talks, they replace him with a programmable clone who otherwise believes himself to be the original.
- Star Trek: Enterprise. In the Mirror Universe, Mirror Tucker is tortured for hours after a suspicious overload shuts off the ship's cloaking device and internal sensors. Afterwards he accuses Mirror T'Pol of doing the deed and framing him for it.
T'Pol: You're mistaken.
Tucker: The hell I am! I think I'd remember if I had sabotaged the ship!
T'Pol: Not necessarily.
Tucker: [beat] What did you do to me?
T'Pol: I lured you away from Engineering with the promise of a sexual encounter. Once we were alone in my quarters, I implanted a telepathic suggestion. I compelled you to sabotage the power grid. After you completed the assignment, we melded again. I altered your memory of what had happened.
- Supernatural: Castiel spends most of Season 8 being controlled by Naomi, the head of Heaven's black ops division, only remembering this fact when called back to Heaven to report to her. When the retrieves the Word of God tablet, however, its energy breaks her control.
- A Tekwar episode had an agent undergo this to infiltrate a criminal organization, which screens entries using a lie detector. The criminals somehow catch on and interfere with the switch, causing a personality crisis resolved by the main character preparing to make the coup de grace.
- The alien "sleeper agents" on Torchwood.
- Also in the episode "They Keep Killing Suzie", where a certain someone Suzie encodes multiple triggers into a hapless man she met at a philosophical group in order to get herself brought back from the dead and take over Torchwood.
- This was a favourite tactic of the aliens in the 1970s British sci-fi series UFO.
- In "Kill Straker!" The aliens give Paul Foster a subliminal command to kill Commander Straker.
- In "The Man Who Came Back", Commander Straker's friend Collins turns out to have been brainwashed by the aliens into an assassin. His orders: kill Straker.
- In the (original) TV series of V (1983), Ham Tyler is brainwashed to kill resistance leader Michael Donovan.
- The Vega$ episode "Lost Monday" has Binzer being hypnotized into constructing and detonating a bomb. The hypnotist instructs him to respond to the trigger word "superstar".
- Alias: Martin Shepard, who was brainwashed to be a killer for SD6. In a clear homage to The Manchurian Candidate he was triggered by someone reciting a poem ("No Man Is an Island" by John Donne) then do whatever they said. He then would forget everything if it was recited again. After he began to break free of the conditioning, Shepard checked into a mental institution, and eventually broke free entirely, but not before helping Sidney. It's revealed he's the one who killed her boyfriend Danny under the command of SD6.
- In Star Trek: Discovery, it's revealed that Starfleet has a Manchurian Protocol specifically designed to detect any such mind manipulation. It fails to expose Ash Tyler as the Klingon Voq, as the real Ash Tyler's memories were actually overlayed on top of Voq's suppressed consciousness, avoiding the protocol (presumably, the Klingons knew about it). It's only when Dr. Culber digs deeper, at Tyler's request, that he discovers the ruse. Unfortunately for him, he tells it to Tyler while they're alone in sickbay, so Tyler/Voq snaps his neck.
- Played with in the mini-series Confessional (based on the thriller by Jack Higgins). Cuchulain is conditioned to be both a god-fearing Catholic (his cover identity) and a ruthless KGB assassin, with each aspect reinforcing the other (the Trigger Phrase for his conditioning is the Lord's Prayer). However in this case he's fully aware that he's an assassin.
- An episode of CSI dealt with people that were brainwashed by a magician to steal stuff for him, using the Trigger Phrase "it's time for your vacation". The police finds out about this scheme when they start to investigate the apparent (and pretty weird) suicide of a woman, and then it turned out that the woman heard these words on a TV advertisement, started to hallucinate that she was on a pool, and did a swan-dive out of her window straight onto the roof of a passing bus.
- A number of social Charms in Exalted do this. The standout would be the Subsidiary Personality Implant expansion of Mind-Ripping Probe, which explicitly mentions setting a trigger condition for the hidden self to come out to play.
- The Old World of Darkness allows plenty of this. Vampire: The Masquerade and Mage: The Ascension give players access to Dominate and the Mind sphere, respectively, while World Of Darkness: Sorcerer provides Psychic (and Hedge Magic and Technomagic) Hypnosis. All of those can be used to create a Manchurian Agent with deep programming. Project Twilight - a sourcebook for anti-supernatural government agents - even makes "Manchurian Candidate" a flaw that can be taken by players.
- One of various character options that be taken on Dark Heresy is that of an Agent of the Inquisition that has some of his knowledge locked away (meaning that the player must take some of his character creation points and use them to buy skills and abilities that will be locked) up until the moment he hears a Trigger Phrase. This is one of various measures the Inquisition takes with agents that will be constantly exposed to Chaos or doing dirty (well, dirtier) jobs for it.
- In BioShock, the main character would obey any command he heard that was accompanied by the phrase "would you kindly." Slightly different than most, in that it didn't put him into any kind of trance, it just made him decide that's what must be done. The details on how exactly it works are somewhat lost, as the main character is a silent protagonist. And since the commands are mission objectives, you have to do them. According to Dr. Yi Suchong's "Mind Control Antidote" audio diary, they did use some Plasmids in order for the agent to susceptible to the code phrase, as shown in the "Mind Control Test" audio diary.
- Kilrathi defector "Hobbes" was revealed as one of these in Wing Commander 3: Heart of the Tiger, with the trigger phrase... "Heart of the Tiger".
- Luke in Tales of the Abyss, who was programmed to unleash a hyperresonnance when he heard the trigger phrase.
- Boyd, aka "The Milkman" in Psychonauts apparently had some sort of subliminal trigger implanted in his already fragmented mind by the Big Bad. When Raz accidentally released that trigger while exploring his mind, he followed those implanted orders to destroy the asylum and cover up anything that went on there. However, it takes him quite a long time to finally do it, because the final passcode hadn't been given. Fred says it completely by coincidence as he leaves the asylum.
- Notably, Boyd's mind was aware of the implanted personality but not what exactly it was. He became obsessed with finding out what the Milkman was, which led to his brain creating government-inspired mental constructs called G-Men, whose entire purpose was investigating and eliminating the aforementioned implanted personality, the Milkman.
- Alex Mason in Call of Duty: Black Ops is programmed to kill President Kennedy. It's not outright stated whether this succeeded or not, but it's heavily implied.
Mason: You tried to make me kill my own President!
Dragovitch: (laughs) Tried?
- It's also revealed that Viktor Reznov managed to add onto that programming, sending him after the men responsible for the initial brainwashing. This bit comes up again in Call of Duty: Black Ops II, where one of Reznov's targets, Kravchenko, is revealed to have survived when he shows up, one of the plot-changing decisions you get to make is whether to resist the brainwashing and let him talk, or give in and shoot him.
- In an overheard conversation in Assassin's Creed: Revelations, the Templars have in the past used brainwashed spies against the Assassins. Shaun Hastings suspects that Desmond may be one after he killed Lucy while under the control of a Piece of Eden, but there are hints that Lucy herself could have been one.
- Assassin's Creed III reveals that Lucy was a willing traitor while Daniel Cross was turned into this trope by the Animus.
- A variation is featured in Chapter 2 of the Imperial Agent storyline in Star Wars: The Old Republic. The Agent is programmed to carry out certain orders given after the command word is used and, while they still control their own thoughts and remember their actions, they are unable to disobey. The Agent doesn't realise they have undergone the procedure until the leader of the SIS cell they're infiltrating forces them to obey him. The Agent also starts going insane as a side-effect.
- The other use of this in-game is the Children of the Emperor, crossing both the Consular and Knight arcs. Force-Sensitive infants and children throughout the galaxy are found by the Emperor's agents and brought to him. The Emperor then uses a Sith ritual to establish a Psychic Link with them, seeding them across the galaxy. At any time, he can activate that link and use them as vessels for his will and consciousness. The "children" are not usually aware of their status until the emperor has need of them, so they live ordinary lives, many as loyal Republic citizens, until the trigger causes them to betray their former friends and allies while exhibiting the usual Sith degree of sanity. With the Knight, Kira Carsen's parents surrendered her willingly, and the Emperor possesses her to try and kill the Knight in Act One, when they're still too weak to face him directly. Consulars will have their hands full with the rest of the "siblings," who range from diplomats and low-ranking Sith, to common Republic soldiers and even Master Syo Bakarn, a senior member of the Jedi Council!
- In The Legend of Heroes: Trails in the Sky, the Male protagonist, Joshua Bright is revealed to be a Manchurian agent for The Ouroboros, giving Cassius Bright's information to them while everyone else are asleep.
- The villain in Danse Macabre 5: Lethal Letters uses hypnosis to turn people into these, the usual trigger being a special red envelope.
- In Overwatch this happened to Amélie Lacroix, who was kidnapped by the Talon terrorist organization, reprogrammed into an assassin and then "found" by Overwatch agents and returned to her husband Gerard apparently none the worse for the wear. Two weeks later her programming was activated and she killed Gerard in his sleep before returning to Talon and becoming the assassin Widowmaker.
- In Far Cry 5, Jacob Seed uses brainwashing and drugs to condition people into going under his control when they hear the song "Only You". He puts it to especially useful effect when he triggers the Junior Deputy to kill Eli, the leader of the resistance against him.
- In Fate/stay night, asking Issei too much about Caster will trigger a bad end.
- In Sunrider Liberation Day, Chigara is revealed to be a Prototype spy sent to keep tabs on (and in one case, seduce) certain members of the Sunriders crew. Unlike most examples, she doesnt require a code phrase since the other Prototypes can take control of her at any time through their shared Hive Mind. Shes able to break free of their control, but not before the villains use her to massacre the delegates attending a peace conference.
- Oasis from Sluggy Freelance, when she sees Hereti-Corp's logo "Override B-1" is activated and she murders every H-C employee in sight.
- Unlike the common zombie-like revenants in Girl Genius, the revenants from Sturmhalten appear exactly like normal people (well, as normal as anyone in a Phil Foglio comic) until their controller issues them orders, which they carry out against their will. Interestingly, some are capable of freedom within those constraints. (Such as killing a friend so he won't suffer a Fate Worse than Death.)
- Recently, Tarvek stated that the zombie revenants are actually only, "A statistical extreme," and that the sleeper agent revenants are actually far more common. It's just that, since the zombie revenants are far more obvious, they managed to divert attention from the real things.
- Gabriel (of Penny Arcade fame) is responsible for the murder of the president of the U.S.A in one comic after presumably having the instruction planted in him after going to a psychotherapist (or something).
- Mace Windu in Darths & Droids.
- The Order of the Stick: The Monster in the Darkness has "eat Redcloak (and spit out his holy symbol)" linked to the trigger "Redcloak betrays Xykon".
- Emily the Sixth Ranger Traitor from Our Little Adventure shed her human shell and turned into a Humanoid Abomination under Angelo's command when she touched the first Magicant Piece.
- In the Whateley Universe, Team Kimba have worked out that Solange has created a Manchurian Agent among their friends. They still don't know who it is, but they're sure the agent has planted a blackmail note for Solange, and put a tracker in Fey's luggage.
- Travis Crabtree of 80's Dan was revealed to be one in The Cinema Snob's review of The Legend Of Boggy Creek: the song which his name comes from sends him into a hypnotic state which causes him to kill the Cinema Bum with a golf club.
Snob: Now there's something you don't see every day.
- Welcome to Night Vale: After Cecil is bought by parties unknown at the secret police's auction he starts blacking out when mayor Dana Cardinal is in danger (fairly often) and saving her with no memory of it happening. And in "Briny Depths" it turns out that everyone in Night Vale is a Manchurian Agent of the World Government with the Trigger Phrase "Briny Depths".
- The Adventures of Jimmy Neutron: Boy Genius in "My Big Fat Spy Wedding", where Jet Fusion is hypnotized by Beautiful Gorgeous to kill anyone who says "I have the Ring", with Jimmy being her target and the Best Man in the wedding their wedding. Sheen and Carl discover the trick and crash into the wedding to tell Jimmy, Jimmy then orders everybody in the church to say "I have the Ring" and Libby makes up a gospel song with the trigger phase as the lyrics, leading to a whole musical number which includes the show's creator Keith Alcorn and John A. Davis dancing in the church with everyone else. Moment of Funny? I think so.
- All Hail King Julien episode "The Panchurian Candidate" reveals that the previous king had trained a team of sleeper agents that he can deploy to take care of various threats to his crown, and that Pancho is the only one of those left.
- Haley in an episode of American Dad!. To prevent accidental activation, the trigger phrase was purposely chosen to be something nobody would ever say normally: "I'm getting fed up with this orgasm!"
- Another episode had Steve react to a trigger that compelled him to assassinate a certain government official, as a throwaway gag.
- The brainwashing done by the Dai Li of Ba Sing Se in Avatar: The Last Airbender is activated by saying "(name), the Earth King has invited you to Lake Laogai," to which they respond by gaining Mind-Control Eyes and saying "I am honored to accept his invitation."
- Mayor Adam West of Family Guy. Like the American Dad example above, the trigger phrase was purposely chosen to be something that has no chance of ever being said in normal conversation: "Gosh, that Italian family at the next table sure is quiet." Also, Meg is revealed to be a deep-cover agent as well, luckily she is ignored as even the Russians treat her as a Butt-Monkey.
- Bonus points for doing this to a character whose voice actress is fluent in Russian.
- Inspector Gadget did this once, with a game show that hypnotized its contestants (including the titular character) into reacting to the phrase "Going my way?" Turns out it did make him go their way...
- Using this, Sideshow Bob turned Bart Simpson into a Laser Guided Tyke Bomb in one episode of The Simpsons.
Bart: Time to blow up the clown.
Homer: Go. Blow.
- Luna Fatale in the animated series of Spirou and Fantasio.
- Star Wars: The Clone Wars: In the Lost Missions, the Clone Troopers are revealed to be this. Seeing how we've discovered that their obedience conditioning doesn't make them mindless and have spent the entire series with them arguing that Clones Are People, Too, the chip in their head that enforces total obedience is probably the only way to explain how they all turned on the Jedi in Order 66.
- In the third Season Finale of Teen Titans, Brother Blood brainwashes the members of Titans East as Manchurian Agents after his initial assault fails, or rather, appears to.
- In Young Justice, the heroes discover that there may be a Mole on the Team. One possibility they float is Superboy — he's a clone created by Cadmus and "raised" by telepathic mutants, so what if he was working for the villains without even knowing it? Ultimately, we learn that Roy is actually a clone and the real Manchurian Agent.
- This was one of many forms of mind control researched by the CIA's Project MKULTRA and, out of all the things they tried, seems to have been the least workable (and for one of America's many insane Cold War super-science pipe dreams that is really saying something). At least that's the official story...