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Shout Out / Comic Books

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This page lists Shout Outs seen in comic books.

Many, many comics' covers count as homage shots, so, without further ado, take a look at this archive for reference.

Works with their own subpages:


Other Works:


  • Adam Warlock's 70s new costume from Marvel Premier was designed as an homage to the Golden Age Captain Marvel, complete with the gold lightning bolt on the chest.
  • There's a lovely and rather subtle one in issue 16 of Grant Morrison's "Animal Man", where "quis custodiet ipsos custodes?" ("Who Watches The Watchmen?", in Latin) is graffiti-ed on a toilet wall.
  • Astro City is loaded with these, many of which are very subtle.
    • Astro City as a locale is one big Shout Out to the comic book industry; almost all the streets, neighborhoods and locations are named for notable creators, and with the massive Mount Kirby as the most prominent landmark.
    • Julius Furst of the First Family is based on DC Comics' creator Julius Schwartz.
    • A race of shape-shifting aliens is named the Enelsians, after MAD magazine writer E. Nelson Bridwell.
  • The Authority, Vol 5, #15: "This some kind of green eco thing, isn't it?"
  • Batgirl (2011):
    • Usagi Tsukino appears in the background of a coffee shop scene in issue #35. She, Setsuna, Haruka and Michiru later show up as guests at Alysia's wedding in issue #45.
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    • Issue #40 is called "Ghost in the Cowl," and the title is even drawn in a pastiche of that film's logo.
    • In issue #41, we see humanized versions of Garnet, Pearl, and Sapphire as background characters. The same issue also features Barbara and Frankie playing on a Codename: Sailor V arcade machine.
  • Batman:
  • Batwoman:
    • One of the posters in Kate Kane's apartment in Batwoman: Elegy is for The Dusted Bunnies, the band at the center of the comic Hopeless Savages.
    • In Batwoman (2017) #17, Renee Montoya says that her ringtone for Kate is a Hayley Kiyoko song. Kate is later shown listening to some of Hayley's music.
  • Birds of Prey:
    • In Issue #25 Ted Kord flies the Beetle around Bludhaven with Oracle and recreates several of Nite Owl's scenes from Watchmen in the process. For bonus points Nite Owl was originally supposed to be Ted Kord.
  • It might be a coincidence, but the Sunday, Feb. 21 2010 "Bizarro" comic was a German Shephard reading ink blots (he saw "Bad Dog" in all of them).
  • Brother Power the Geek: The freaks in the Freakshow at the "Psychedelic Circus" were all based on the styles of "Big Daddy" Ed Roth and Harvey Kurtzman, both of whom were good friends of Joe Simon.
  • In the DC One Million 80-Page Giant, Rey Misterio can be seen leaping into a large crowd scene.
  • In the New 52 Doctor Fate #11, Khalid is kidnapped by ghostly Roman legionaries led by the spirit of Julius Caesar. These scenes are drawn in a more cartoony style that makes the Romans look a lot like the ones from Asterix. At one point Khalid descends underground and finds skeletons resembling Asterix, Getafix, Vitalstatistix (and his shield-bearers) and Cacofonix, in their poses from the "A Few of the Gauls" page.
  • In Final Crisis Aftermath: DANCE, the Super Young Team disbands halfway through the series and everyone goes their separate ways. True to his stated desire for "constant forward motion", Well-Spoken Sonic Lightning Flash decided to take a walk and simply kept going, eventually amassing followers who walk behind him. You know, like Forrest's cross-country run in Forrest Gump.
  • The Flash:
  • In the third issue of the Great Ten miniseries, Thundermind (a bald telepath) knocks off the helmet of a God of War and reads his mind while he screams at him to "GET OUT OF MY HEAD!" Like so much X-Men...
  • Green Lantern:
    • Kyle Rayner once created Gurren with his Power Ring in Countdown to Final Crisis. He also created a Patlabor in Sinestro Corps War.
    • During Kyle's tenure on the Green Lantern series, a lot of his constructions were shout outs to Anime, video games, and cartoons. He enjoyed making Mecha and on at least one occasion he made a Chun Li Expy. Apparently Kyle Rayner is a Humongous Mecha otaku.
      Green Lantern: I'm your worst nightmare, pal. A manga nut with a power ring.
      • And this itself is probably in reference to Steve Gerber's infamous "Elf with a gun" subplot during his run on Defenders.
      • Also, Eddie Murphy's "Nigger with a badge" line in Beverly Hills Cop.
    • Allegedly in Green Lantern (Vol. 4) #25, the sound effect "EEEPAAAA" can be found. This is a shout out to The Simpsons Movie, in which Comic Book Guy says that "EEEPAAAAA" is a sound effect from a Green Lantern comic book.
    • The names of two GL Corps members, Arisia and Eddore, are also Lensman shout-outs — specifically, to the home worlds of that series' two Precursor races.
    • In one JLA story, Kyle's mind wound up in the body of the Martian Manhunter. Upon mastering the Manhunter's shapechanging powers, Kyle transformed himself into various other fictional Martians, such as Marvin The Martian and Tars Tarkas.
    • The form taken by a host of the Butcher bears more than a passing resemblance to Khorne.
    • Isamot's name is a Sdrawkcab Name of one of the writers of the series (Peter J. Tomasi).
    • One issue of Secret Origins told the origin of the Golden Age Green Lantern; three sailors are shown bringing the lantern from China. The sailors are quite obviously from Terry and the Pirates.
  • Grant Morrison's JLA:
  • Justice League (2018):
    • The moment in issue #25 where Superman punches the World Forger while flanked by symbolic images of his son and deceased father was an homage to the iconic "Father-Son Kamehameha" scene from the end of the Cell Games arc in Dragon Ball Z. Artist Jorge Jimenez confirmed the connection on Twitter, even saying that Dragon Ball was what got him into drawing comics as a young man.
  • Justice League International:
    • In the first annual, a group of Kord Industries workers are sent to survey an abandoned research facility. The increasingly creepy atmosphere prompts this exchange:
    Worker #1: Wasn't there a Star Trek like this? Kirk, Spock an' McCoy beam down to some abandoned research facility an' the next thing you know—
    Worker #2: Doodoodoodoo—doodoodoodoo—
    Worker #3: That's the Twilight Zone theme, jerk.
    Worker #2: Oh, yeah. You're right.
  • Justice Society of America:
    • When the JSA All-Stars were looking for a team name, Judomaster suggested Kagaku Ninja Tai Gatchaman, to which one of her teammates even mentions G-Force (Americanized version of the anime).
    • In the first storyline for JSA, the team goes up against Mordru and begin shifting into different realities. One of them is a anthropomorphic animal world home to the "Justice Critters". Starman in this world is a fox, making him "Star Fox".
    • In one issue, a parallel universe Joker was shown as very old and decrepit, sporting a smiley pin with a splatter of blood - just like the one in Watchmen.
    • In another issue of the same arc, there is a crowd of heroes in an outpost at the border of the universe which includes Owl Man.
    • America vs. the Justice Society: One of the observers of the Congressional hearing mentions the 1980s TV show V.
  • Klarion issue 2 has two major shoutouts: A group of teenage wannabe gangstas that befriend Klarion are clearly based on Archie and friends. The second is in a museum of superheroic vehicles- a flying saucer with eyeballs is clearly shown, a nod to Silver Age title Fatman the Human Flying Saucer.
  • Legends of the Dead Earth:
  • In Legionnaires #59, a baseball player has the name Sisko on his shirt. And in #60 a group of people sitting in a Metropolis cafe discussing the storyline look a lot like alien versions of the Friends cast.
  • In Legion of Super-Heroes (2020), Monster Boy's got the ability to transform into different monsters, as in actual, preexisting monster characters such as Frankenstein's Monster and the Martians from Mars Attacks!.
  • Martian Manhunter:
  • Mister Miracle (2017): Issue #8 of Tom King's run sees Funky Flashman helping to babysit Scott's son, Jacob. As Jack learns how to walk, Funky exclaims "that's my Jack! He's the king!" Jack Kirby, creator of Mister Miracle, was famously nicknamed king by fans. Also somewhat heartwarming when you realize Funky is based off Jack's old partner Stan Lee.
    • Funky later makes the claim that he and 'Genius Jake' came up with a story together about this star-eating god who is guided by a golden dog (the "Golden Retriever") to where he can find more stars to eat. It's a very clear reference to Galactus.
      Mister Miracle: Funky. He can say, like, six words.
      Funky: Genius Jake doesn't have to talk! Funky talks plenty! He provides all the imaginations, I do the words!note 
  • The Multiversity:
    • The Human Torch Expy from Earth-8 is African-American.
    • It's mentioned that the heroes of Earth-8 appear in extremely popular movies on other Earths.

      In The Just #1, Earth-16's Kyle Rayner vaguely remembers a Bug movie, although it's not clear which one he's thinking of.
    • The Hulk Expy has the real name of "David."
    • The House of Heroes is also called Valla-Hal.
    • In Society of Super-Heroes: Conquest of the Counter-Earth #1, the Blackhawks of Earth-20 were designed with the Spice Girls in mind.
    • The Just #1:
      • Chris Kent mentions he had a team up with The Sandman. Damian then asks if he specifically meant the Neil Gaiman Sandman.
      • The Philip Larkin quote.
    • Pax Americana #1:
      • The Earth-4 heroes are basically the ones that DC acquired from Charlton Comics in 1983. Alan Moore wanted to use these characters for a certain little project, but DC decided that they didn't want him to basically destroy their newly-acquired IP for a one-shot series, so we got a set of Expies instead. The Earth-4 heroes are somewhere in between the traditional DC portrayal of the characters and Moore's Expies; let's just say you may find yourself looking for a shape-changing blotch on The Question's mask, and the symbol on Captain Adams' forehead may look familiar (he's also clearly blue rather than the paler "silvery/metallic" shade he usually has in his other DC incarnations).
    • Mastermen #1:
      • The "American Crusader" comic is clearly meant to be a reference to the Captain America counterpart from Earth-8, albeit a Golden Age version. However, the character's design is based off the actual American Crusader, a Golden Age character that fell into the public domain and has been used in both Tom Strong and Project Superpowers.
      • The whole issue can be seen as a shout-out to The Ring of the Nibelung as detailed here.
    • In The Multiversity #2, Stingray, the Batman of Earth-34, is briefly seen with the same color scheme as the Stingray from The Avengers.
  • Marv Wolfman wrote for The New Teen Titans and worked on a few episodes of Jem. One issue of The New Teen Titans included a theater in the background that read "Broadway Magic starring Jerrica Benton", referring to an episode of Jem.
  • Old Lady Harley #1: While Harley is considering the possibility that The Joker is Not Quite Dead, she mentions people in the DCU that have come back before, as well as one from Marvel: "Superman, Jason Todd, that nutty redheaded chick that read people's minds..."
  • The Oracle Code: Yeong wears a denim jacket with Superman and Wonder Woman badges, and wears an Amethyst, Princess of Gemworld shirt one day and a Green Lantern shirt the next, Ben's jacket has a Cadmus badge and Micheal has a Teen Titans Go! style Robin doll, that ends up being left behind at first when he's taken. The girls also play card games with a Batman deck.
  • In one issue of The Power of Shazam!, Captain Marvel is shown strange alternate versions of himself that might exist if history changed. These include: Captain Thunder (DC's former Captain Ersatz Marvel), a Captain whose limbs and head detach from his body (M.F. Enterprises' Captain Marvel), a Billy Batson who transforms into Captain Marvel by striking a pair of wristbands together (Marvel Comics' Rick Jones and Captain Marvel), and Hoppy the Marvel Bunny.
  • In one panel of The Sandman volume "Brief Lives", Delirium is either conjuring up or drawing on the wall a little beastie that looks an awful lot like Cerebus.
    • In "Doll's House," the nightmares Brute and Glob are hiding in the mind of a little boy named Jed. While inside his dreams, the art style, dialogue, and layout shift to resemble that of the classic Little Nemo pages, another comic about dreaming.
  • Silverblade:
  • One issue of Suicide Squad features the appearance of a conspicuously named Dudley DuReiht.
  • Superman vs. Shazam! crossover has a reference to "Jack and the Beanstalk": "It comes like the sound the giant must have made after falling from his towering beanstalk!"
  • Top 10 is a comic series literally made up of Shout Outs, with constant homages to classic geek literature and characters like Doctor Octopus and Vegeta rounding out crowd scenes.
    • One of the best is a scene in a hospital featuring famous "doctors" from comics, including Doctor Fate and Doctor Octopus... who here is an octopus wearing a stethoscope.
  • In DC Comics Vibe #8, when Vibe is surrounded by a maelstrom of different realities, one of the random speech bubbles says "--not in the name of the Doc--"
  • Watchmen:
    • In the background of issues #11 and #12, you can see The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951) playing in a movie theater in the background. Ozymandias' plot to prevent nuclear war bears some similarities to the movie itself, where nuclear war is prevented by aliens coming to Earth, and telling the planet to put aside their differences, or be wiped out, essentially.
    • Includes explicit mention of an episode of the original Outer Limits with a similar basic plot.
    • Wylie's Gladiator is visible on Hollis Mason's bookshelf.
    • The entire "Tales of the Black Freighter" comic-within-a-comic is inspired by The Threepenny Opera and the song "Pirate Jenny" (a.k.a. "The Black Freighter") in particular.
    • Dreiberg's owlship is named Archie in reference to the owl in The Sword in the Stone.
    • The child kidnapper murdered by Rorschach named his dogs Fred and Barney.
    • Possibly a coincidence, but the Owlship looks uncannily similar to Seleno the Electric Dog, a primitive robot built during WWI as a testbed for a torpedo guidance system.
    • Hollis Mason's Nite Owl I costume is very similar to The Phantom's costume, and his dog is even named "Phantom".
    • For that matter, towards the end, it features a TV advertising the start of The Outer Limits episode "The Architects of Fear". The basic premise of the villain's plan is almost identical to that episode. Although Alan Moore claims it was a coincidence they were similar, he deliberately added the Shout Out upon discovering the similarity.
    • When Laurie and Jon are talking her comment "...hopelessly lost in the fog" is very similar to Chief's hallucinations in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
  • In one issue of Xombi, the characters are sitting around discussing a film they've just seen. Cast and plot details make it clear that the film they're discussing is the Film Within a Film from The Player.
  • In both Young Justice and Teen Titans Go!, the artist tends to cram in tons of references to Mystery Science Theater 3000.
  • At one point in Y: The Last Man, Yorick is messing with a "Fuck Communism" lighter, and mentions that he based it on a comic book character's lighter. Jesse Custer had the same lighter in Preacher.
  • Early in his career, Mark Millar did a stint writing Sonic the Comic. He credited this gig with helping to pay for his wedding, and thus there are references to Sonic in several of his works, including Secret History of the Authority and Wanted mini-series.

Marvel Universe

  • When Araña was first being fitted for costumes in Amazing Fantasy, several of her potential outfits resembled those of Supergirl, Sailor Moon, Trinity, and The Bride.
  • The Avengers:
  • The Awesome Slapstick features several of these, to Marvel, DC, WB characters, and basically anything that the creators thought funny, especially in the second issue which took place in a mall.
  • In the Marvel comic Blaze of Glory: The Last Ride (essentially a "whatever happened to...?" focusing on Marvel's Wild West characters, specifically Two-Gun Kid, Rawhide Kid, Kid Colt, Outlaw Kid, Gunhawk, and others) a young boy excitedly rattling off the names of his dime-novel heroes mentions the name "Jeb Kent" - a character from the DC series The Kents (written by the same author).
    • Oh, and the large number of characters with "Kid" in their nickname is humorously lampshaded within that issue; someone runs into the bar where they are drinking and calls out "Hey, Kid!" and they all turn and say, "Yeah?"
  • In Captain America/Thor - The Mighty, Fighting Avengers, both Thor and Cap wind up in Camelot to discover Loki pretending to be Merlin. How does Loki explain away the change in appearance and demeanor to King Arthur?
    Arthur: And you, Merlin... You seem now to have completely recovered from your... What did you call it...?
    Loki: My Regeneration, sire.
    • Made funnier by a comment in the new series that River Song hates wizards in stories because they always turn out to be him. (And indeed, the old series confirmed that he was indeed Merlin.)
  • In Daredevil v3 #10, Daredevil demands to know what The Moleman plans to do with a body he has stolen - asking if he has discovered a "Resurrection Bath" in his underground kingdom, a rather obvious nod to the Lazarus Pits of Batman fame.
  • Deadpool:
    • In issue #27 of his first ongoing series, Deadpool address Kitty Pryde, "You smug little— Speaking of games. You ever play Street Fighter?" This is later referenced in an actual Street Fighter comic, where Ryu says "Speaking of comics, you ever read Deadpool?" before hitting Sagat with the very Shoryuken that gave him the scar on his chest.
    • Another issue opens with a bunch of Nazis pointing at a map and reporting to Hitler, when one of them gives the unwelcome news that Nick Fury cannot be found. We then get Hitler removing his glasses over several panels (due to his hand shaking) before he starts yelling.
      Hitler: Here is where the Fourth Army should crush Sergeant Fury and his Howling Commandos from the flank. They have been a constant thorn in my side, but no longer!
      General: My Fuhrer...
      Another general: My Fuhrer... Sergeant Fury and his Howling Commandos have smashed your Fourth Army and continued their march towards Berlin.
      A third general: We don't know their current location.
      Hitler: [after shakily removing his glasses] Son of a bitch! What are they, like— Six men? I have millions of soldiers out looking for a bunch of drunken braggarts! How hard is it to kill Nick Fury? He wears an eyepatch!!! Just sneak up on him in his huge freaking blind spot!!! Then stab away! Ach. If these are my last days, don't tell anybody about them. I don't want any books or films to be made portraying me as the lunatic captain of a sinking ship.
  • In Doctor Strange: The Oath, Strange travels to another dimension to face "Otkid the Omnipotent" and retrieve an elixir which he hopes can cure his servant Wong's inoperable cancer. The Corrupt Corporate Executive trying to destroy this medicine (he runs a pharmaceutical company) has a copy of The Fountainhead on his desk. Both are references to Doctor Strange's creator, Steve Ditko.
  • In the Marvel 2099 series Doom 2099, the British hacker Communion Jack uses the phrase "Smoke me a kipper."
  • Edge of Spider-Verse #5 features the story of Peni Parker, a Japanese girl with a Mini-Mecha who acts as her reality's version of Spider-Man. The anime nods are numerous, such as Peni's classmates being Shinji, Rei, Asuka, Kaworu, and Simon, or the Major, Batou and Kaneda appearing as gangsters and she and Daredevil beat up.
  • In one Incredible Hulk issue there is an extremely obvious shout out to One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
  • The Invaders: In Giant-Size Invaders #1, which details the teams's formation, a weakened Master Man is forced to flee from the heroes, resulting in a few shout-outs to Superman: The narration states how, now that his strength is leaving him, Master Man has no hope leaping through even a short building in any number of bounds, and Bucky states that he's still "faster than a speeding bull-dozer".
  • In Kieron Gillen's run on Iron Man, a former mentor of Tony's named Eli Warren is introduced. In case the name is too subtle, he also looks and talks just like Warren Ellis.
  • Edwin Jarvis, butler to Iron Man and The Avengers, is named after Alfred Pennyworth's father Jarvis, mentioned when Alfred first appears in Batman #16 (1943).
  • Laff-A-Lympics:
  • Loki: Agent of Asgard has the mysterious arc words "That which is called ego-death is coming for you," which is a quote from, of all things, Timothy Leary's The Psychedelic Experience.
  • As seen up top, Marvel Adventures had an issue where Giant Girl went berserk; as well as the cover, she went on to climb a tall building while carrying a hairy mutant.
  • In Marvel 1602: Fantastick Four, the counterpart of Namor/the Sub-Mariner is named Numenor, and his (unsunken) country is called Bensaylum, after Bensalem in Francis Bacon's The New Atlantis.
  • In Marvel Universe #8, and subsequent stories, Mole Man is given the real name Harvey Elder. This is a reference to Harvey Kurtzman and Will Elder, creators of the criminal "Melvin Mole" in MAD #2. (This then gets referenced slightly differently in the Spider-Man newspaper strip, where his name's Melvin Kurtzman.)
  • In the 90's Morbius comic, a nurse asks "Who's Darkman?" when she sees Morbius covered by bandages when he's escorted to a hospital while trying to keep his identity a secret.
  • Ms. Marvel (2014):
    Kamala: Wow. Such Athletic. Very Claws. So Amaze.
  • The Snarks, enemies to Marvel Comics' Power Pack, were a Shout Out to Lewis Carroll; in-story, they were so nicknamed by another alien with a fondness for Earth literature.
  • Runaways had several:
    • The team's short-lived codenames include Arsenic and Old Lace, Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds... and Neo.
    • Molly Hayes has a Doop doll (and sometimes also a Doop T-shirt.)
    • In the "Victorious" future briefly glimpsed in the second issue of the second series, it's mentioned that Armor leads the X-Men.
    • Excelsior is made up of former teen heroes Ricochet, Lightspeed, Turbine, Darkhawk, former Green Goblin Phil Ulrich, and Chamber.
    • In perhaps the most esoteric reference, during the "Dead End Kids" arc, the team walks past a woman who looks a hell of a lot like the early feminist Emma Goldman.
    • One of the Street Arabs is Yellow Kid.
    • In the first issue of the third series, Xavin impersonates Kevin Smith.
    • Molly tells Klara that Victor is a Cylon.
  • "Bad Wolf" appears as graffiti in an issue of Spider-Man.
    • During the first Morlun arc (by J. Michael Straczynski), a couple of workers at a nuclear plant are giving JMS free publicity discussing Babylon 5.
    • In 1998, Tom DeFalco penned "There Once Was a Spider..!" (Amazing Spider-Man #439), wherein a pair of archaeologists of a Future Imperfect find a webshooter and spend much of the issue explaining how their futuristic society thinks Spider-Man's life was like. Some of the many inaccuracies they believe in are that Spidey had a high-tech hideout with numerous trophies and spider-themed vehicles. Nearly 9 years later, a story of similar premise was used in Season 4, Episode 7 of The Batman called "Artifacts".
  • Mighty Thor #9 has a scene where the Silver Samurai sarcastically calls the title heroine "Sailor Moon."
  • Ultimate Marvel: Has its own page.
  • The conclusion to the Secret Warps event had the Warped universe folding in on itself, several more times. During the first, where all characters were composites of four Marvel characters, we saw a fusion of all members of the Fantastic Four at once. But he was not called the 'Fantastic One', as you would expect - instead, he was The Wonderful One.
  • Squadron Supreme is a pastiche of the Justice League, and Marvel absolutely loves rubbing it in DC's lawyers' faces, ranging from Zarda calling Hyperion a "super-man" while explaining his origins to him, to Skymax telling the Exiles that "our league exists to serve justice" (emphasis theirs).
  • X-Men:
    • The start of the crossover with the Guardians of the Galaxy in All-New X-Men has Iceman rapping along to the Run–D.M.C. song "It's Tricky."
    • Chris Claremont was a big fan of this. One of the alternate Earths the heroes visited during the "Cross-Time Caper" arc of Excalibur featured Lawyer Friendly Cameos from anime characters like the Dirty Pair (referred to as "A Lovely Pair"), while the M-Squad were very blatantly modeled after the Ghostbusters.
    • Destiny's real name is Irene Adler, a nod to the female thief of the same name from the Sherlock Holmes stories.
    • The Hellfire Club segment of The Dark Phoenix Saga is a Whole Plot Reference to The Avengers (1960s) episode "A Touch of Brimstone". Because of this Jason Wyndgarde's name is a Shout-Out to Peter Wyndgarde (who played both the equivalent character in the original and Jason King) and Emma Frost's is a Shout-Out to Emma Peel. Later comics established the Black Queen of the London club as Emma Steed (a reference to Mrs Peel again and her partner John Steed) and a 17th century Black Queen was Diana Knight (Mrs Peel's maiden name was Knight and her actress was Diana Rigg) and her consort is Patrick Clemens (Patrick McNee played Steed and Brian Clemens wrote "A Touch of Brimstone".) The Steed and Mrs Peel comic returned the homage by having two variant covers which showed Mrs Peel, in her Queen of Sin outfit, in the place of Frost from the cover of an issue of New Mutants and Jean Grey from the cover of one of the Dark Phoenix issues of X-Men.
    • New X-Men has the telepathic character Negasonic Teenage Warhead, named after a Monster Magnet song.
    • An issue of the second volume of New X-Men has Surge listening to "Sing for the Moment" by Eminem.
    • Polaris' civilian name, Lorna Dane, was taken from the novel Lorna Doone by R. D. Blackmore.
    • Sauron is named after J. R. R. Tolkien's Lord of the Rings villain of the same name. Sauron's origin flashback in X-Men #60 even has him explicitly mention the Tolkien connection while coming up with his villainous moniker.
    • The bridge of the Shi'ar ship that chases Lilandra to Earth looks... familiar. They even have similar uniforms, and a Prime Directive. A few pages later, Lilandra teleports to Earth, and Misty Knight comments that it even looks like the transporter effects.
    • The members of the Shi'ar Imperial Guard were famously modeled after various members of DC's Legion of Super-Heroes: Gladiator for Superboy, Mentor for Brainiac 5, Oracle for Saturn Girl, Fang for Timber Wolf, Smasher for Ultra Boy, Titan for Colossal Boy, ect.
    • Uncanny X-Men #153 has two shout-outs to ElfQuest: Kitty Pryde wears an ElfQuest teeshirt, and in the made-up story she tells there's a sprite named Pini who calls humans "bigthings", like Preservers in ElfQuest.
      • Spanning rather more than one issue is the first name of Rahne Sinclair, who can shapechange into a wolf, apparently a shout out to Rahnee the She-Wolf, the second chief of the Wolfriders. (Rahnee was first mentioned in ElfQuest #4, published in 1979, Rahne's first published appearance was in 1982.)
      • A novel and live-action movie (early 1980's), Wolfen, has perhaps influenced Wolfsbane of the New Mutants. The emphasis on both the sensory details of her wolf-form, and the link with Native Americans.
  • In the X-23 series Target X, Laura begins attending high school with her cousin Megan. Due to her, shall we say, abnormal upbringing, Laura thinks nothing of demonstrating her language skills to her French teacher by reciting a litany of ways to bribe and torture government officials, and later lists the exact amount of blood in the average human body and ways to kill someone in another class. The shout out comes from the depictions of the teachers: Jamie and Adam from MythBusters.
  • What If?:
    • In the very first issue, Uatu says it's still uncertain if Spider-Man's tussle with a certain alien in primary colors took place in this reality, or another.
    • What If? #36 shows what would have happened had the Fantastic Four not gained their powers: Reed and Ben complete their space flight, and the foursome become well-known celebrities and do-gooders who are then tasked by the government to help solve a crisis caused by the Mole Man. As they enter an underground transport to the Mole Man's lair, Johnny asks Reed what he thinks they'll find on the other side.
    Reed: The unknown, Johnny. But whatever it may be... We'll meet its Challenge.
  • Writer Fred Van Lente likes to do this in his comics, having characters quote or paraphrase classic movies or books. Few examples:
    Peter Parker: Latest news from H.A.M.M.E.R. - We have always been at war with Eastasia
    Machine Man: Greetings, rotting fleshy ones. I have been programmed to eviscerate you repulsive squishy organic bit and chew gum. And I hate gum.
    Machine Man: God help me! I have no stomach and I must barf!
  • Abnett and Lanning again; once they ended up basically in charge of Marvel's cosmic characters, they seemed to love playing with the Alternate Company Equivalents they acquired, whether it was teasing the idea of Ego the Living Planet joining the Nova Corps (in reference to Mogo, the living Green Lantern planet), or Rocket Raccoon using "Brainiac" as a sarcastic term of abuse (like "Einstein" or "Sherlock") to Mentor, the Imperial Guard's Brainiac 5 Expy.
    • And while the Imperial Guard's influence is obvious, there's also smaller references in them. The symbiotic duo Warstar, the Guard's Triplicate Girl/Duo Damsel counterpart, are named B'nee and C'cil after Cecil the Sea Serpent and Benny.
  • War of the Realms:


  • Arawn: Arawn's collection of enemy skulls seems to include a Predator. Which is hilariously ironic when you think about it.
  • The Dec. 18, 2008 edition of Archie had a shout out to, of all things, The Comics Curmudgeon. Josh himself explains the reference here.
  • Asterix:
    • In Asterix in Belgium, two characters from Tintin appear as cameos - Those Two Guys who report on events, with one of them always mangling whatever the other says.
    • The Pirates are a Shout-Out to a comic that originally appeared in the same magazine as Asterix. That comic is now only remembered because of Asterix.
    • Asterix and Cleopatra is mostly based on the movie Cleopatra. The English translation adds in a bunch of references to Carry On Cleo - a parody film that used the same props, sets and costumes as Cleopatra but was far more recognisable and profitable in Britain than the original. For instance, Cleo's first line in the comic is "That's an infamous remark, O Caesar!" referencing Caesar's famous line from Carry On Cleo - "Infamy! Infamy! They've all got it in for me!"
    • In Asterix and the Magic Carpet the Evil Chancellor is a cousin of Iznogoud, and wants to be Rajah instead of the Rajah.
    • Roman Agent Doubleosix in Asterix and the Black Gold is a parody of James Bond, and drawn as a caricature of Sean Connery.
    • Asterix and the Fallen Sky is basically one long Shout-Out to American and Japanese comics, with the good aliens being Toons and Superheroes, and the bad alien being Humongous Mecha.
  • In the Buffy: Season 8 comics, a scene taking place in London features a small panel showing a palette-swapped Doctor and Rose standing in front of a red TARDIS.note 
  • The Female's origin in The Boys involves falling into a big canister of synthesized Compound V. The name of the person in charge of the project? Doctor Uderzo.
  • Captain Gravity: When Joshua Jones and Jaeger are battling at one point, Jaeger shouts "Get your stinking paws off me, you damn dirty ape!".
  • The Cartoon History of the Universe has the Gauls portrayed as Asterix and Obelix. Once they win a battle, they even mention how they're going to go to their own comic.
  • In Chassis, Rothchild Billings owns a company called Rotwang Electronics. And the face on the outside of its Art Deco skyscraper headquarters looks like the robotic Maria.
  • In Circles, the authors have an afterword where they list the many references such as:
  • Dandridge: "Return of the Chap" has a pair of ghosts in a museum named after the hosts of a popular 2000 AD podcast.
  • Crimson:
  • The Crow: According to the Special Edition, Eric was named after Erik from The Phantom of the Opera, and Shelly was named after Mary Shelley.
  • In one of the IDW Doctor Who comic books, some characters are named after actors from Castle.
  • The Doctor Who Magazine story The First has the Skith speculating that the Doctor might be a Daxamite or Dominator.
  • Empowered has a lot of them:
    • Dungeons & Dragons — with shirts sporting "INT. 19 (supra-genius)" or "STR. 18(00)";
      • Their space station is even called "The d10" (the Dungeons & Dragons method of describing a 10-sided die) and looks the part.
    • Maison Ikkoku: Emp's "Piyo Piyo" apron;
    • Dr. Big McLargeHuge;
    • When Ninjette tells Emp how her suit sprouted wings (which Emp can't remember), Emp pictures herself as a devil. Her mental picture looks quite a bit like she's cosplaying as Etna.
    • ThugBoy wears a t-shirt with the King of All Cosmos on it at one point.
    • The Superhomeys' undisclosed meeting location is room 3B, a reference to the imaginary lecture hall where the wizards of Unseen University in Discworld pretend to have class.
    • It's the goddamn Maidman!
    • A shout-out to 4chan even made its way into one of the books.
  • In Joss Whedon's Fray, a flashback page is shown while Earth-before-humans is described as a savage time filled with monsters and demons. The landscape shown is populated with the first few pages of the first edition D&D Monster Manual, including an Anhkheg, a Bullete, and so on.
  • Ghostbusters (IDW Comics):
    • In Volume 2 Issue #17, all the ghosts the gang has captured before suddenly start appearing in the real world despite apparently still being in containment. Melanie suggests they should get involved 'til the mystery gets solved.
      Peter: Wait, wasn't that from a TV show?
      Melanie: (In tiny letters) Maybe.
    • Peter jokes that Egon needs to perform a check-up on Winston to make sure he doesn't turn into a green angry giant.
    • The finale of Volume 2 results in Winston's wife forgetting that they were ever married. Not only that, but everyone else does, as well. Ray thinks it's similar to a case that happened over in Portland, while Peter comments that he remembers another situation like this happening to a photographer from Queens.
    • Ghostbusters: Crossing Over: The Ghostbusters Sanctum Of Slime main characters ask why do the Prime Ghostbusters not simply go back in time to fix the mess, since that 'almost never' backfires. Then one of them notes that it 'backfires for Barry'.
      Bridget: Oh, for- That's a TV show, nerds!
  • In The Green Hornet spin-off from Legenderry, there's a gang leader called Captain Billy "Whiz-Bang" Jones. This is a reference to Captain Billy's Whiz-Bang, a magazine published by Fawcett Publishing before they got into comics (and which lent elements of its name to Captain Marvel/Billy Batson and Whiz Comics).
  • G.I. Joe, page 4 of issue #226 has Cobra Commander and Dr. Mindbender in a food truck labeled ebirah edibles. A mail box with 1701 as the address may also count as one.
  • Iznogoud: In "The Wax Museum", Iznogoud brings a wax statue of Marcus Junius Brutus to life to bump off the Caliph, but the famous assassin of Caesar falls afoul of a caveman whom Iznogoud previously brought to life. When Brutus begins arguing with Iznogoud, Wa'at Alahf turns to the readers and twirls his finger around his head while muttering, "These Romans are crazy!", the Catchphrase of fellow Goscinny creation Obelix the Gaul.
  • Dirty Frank, a major supporting character in Judge Dredd who later gained his own spinoff, was specifically drawn to resemble Alan Moore.
  • Judge Dredd often gives Judges the same surnames as various people who work on 2000 AD. It also references various other comics:
    • In the wake of the recent "mutant rights" storyline Dredd fought pro-mutant activist (but non-mutant) Dr Xerxes Clavier and his genetically-altered students, whose monstrous appearances reflect the original X-Men without actually giving them powers.
    • During the "America" story, a common graffito was "Who judges the Judges", done in a similar style to "Who Watches the Watchmen" in Watchmen.
    • Mega-City One's Blocks are named after famous people or fictional characters and are often ironic Shout Outs to something related to the storyline (a mob leader from Wat Tyler Block; mind parasites in Colin Wilson Block, etc). Dredd himself, with his similarities to Dirty Harry, lived in Rowdy Yates Block. There have been references to Trump blocks and slums going back decades, and a recent storyline namedrops a Joe Exotic Block.
  • Kick-Ass:
  • Lady Death:
    • In the Avatar Press publication, the story takes place in a dark domain in the afterlife known as "The Labyrinth", similar to the alternate dimension of the same name in Hellraiser where Cenobites come from. Lady Death could count as a Cenobite expy herself, since she is a Humanoid Abomination in bondage gear though less horrifying and much more fanservicey.
    • The main villain Sagos resembles Skeletor from He Man And The Masters Of The Universe since he is a powerful sorcerer with a Skull for a Head and he is revealed to be the evil brother to Lady Death's father figure Wargoth, much like Keldor was King Randor's lost brother.
    • A Balrog-like demon is encountered in the story and considered one of the most dangerous things in the setting.
  • Locke & Key:
    • The comic takes place in a town called Lovecraft.
    • Tyler is seen reading Peter Pan to Bode in Crown of Shadows.
    • In Keys to the Kingdom #2, the patient directory at McClellan Hospital is made up almost entirely of comic authors/artists including, but not limited to, G. Ennis, K. Smith, and G. Jones.
    • In one issue, the scenes told from Bode's POV are done in Calvin and Hobbes style. Later, he's seen reading a C&H book (Yukon Ho!).
    • The Lovecraft hockey team plays against Voorhees High. If it wasn't obvious enough, the opposing players can be seen at the beginning and end of the issue wearing old-style goalie masks, even though they are not playing goalie, while Tyler is barefaced. The Lovecraft goalie is wearing a far more modern "cage" helmet.
  • The title of Lost at Sea is this to the Radiohead song "In Limbo", as confirmed by O'Malley on twitter.
  • In Mega Man (Archie Comics), the third issue features a scene where Mega Man is overcome by his new responsibility to fight, becoming wrathful and a little bit deranged (for a ten-year-old, anyway). Dr. Light talks to him about why fighting puts his innocent heart into turmoil. The explanation the good doctor gives is practically a word-for-word transcription of the chorus of The Megas' song, "The Message From Dr. Light": "I made you in my image. I built your heart and gave you eyes. I gave you power and a sense of justice beyond any compare. I gave you hands, a child's face... heh... robot hair. But this burden, this burning in your heart, I did not put there."
  • Mortadelo y Filemón: There are tons of shout-outs, tributes to and parodies of political figures, actors, and characters of comic-books and animation.
  • Issue #3 of The Muppet Show Comic Book opens with Pops the doorman discussing the Paint Academy films. Apparently there's an actress in them called Lola VaVoom.
  • In one Paperinik story, we are told that two aliens fought over Japan in feudal times, and were remembered as a heroic samurai fighting a demon. Together with other details, it becomes pretty clear that the creators like Tenchi Muyo!...
  • The Five Swell Guys in Promethea have a very similar name to the Five Neat Guys, a parody vocal group on SCTV.
  • Quantum and Woody has a Costume-Test Montage where the duo are trying on different costumes for their super-hero identities. One of the pair is of Luke Cage and Iron Fist, a reference to Heroes for Hire and the inspiration for Quantum And Woody.
  • Requiem Vampire Knight:
  • Rocky has Shout Outs to Peter Bagge, The Ren & Stimpy Show, Seinfeld, and rappers like Kool Keith, Jay-Z, Little Brother, Nas, and Wu-Tang Clan.
  • Seconds:
    • Red capped mushrooms, standard Bryan Lee O'Malley fare.
    • After waking up from Revision #6, Katie looks like she outright cosplaying Radical Ed.
    • Katie watches all of "Baking Bad" in one sitting at night, and she makes a revision to have gone to bed earlier.
    • At one point Hazel is shown telling Katie about Spike's Heel–Face Turn in Buffy the Vampire Slayer.
    • Hazel and Katie have a brief conversation about how bread makes you fat, with Hazel being as surprised as Scott Pilgrim was.
  • Sherlock Holmes and the Horror of Frankenstein contains several to the Universal Horror Frankenstein films:
    • Upon reviving the monster, Dr. Pretorious shouts "IT'S ALIVE!" as Henry Frankenstein (Colin Clive) famously does in Frankenstein (1931).
    • The Mad Scientist Dr. Pretorious, who rescues the monster and attempts to create a mate for him, shares his name with the villain from Bride of Frankenstein, a Mad Scientist who rescues the monster and attempts to create a mate for him.
  • In Sin City, there are many shout outs:
  • Sonic the Comic:
  • In Issue 4 of Spawn, two boys argue over whether Youngblood or Savage Dragon is cooler. The boys are named Rob and Erik, after the creators of those series.
  • Star Trek: Early Voyages: "Future Tense, Part Two" features several references to A New Hope. The design of the Bounty, the commercial freighter commanded by James T. Kirk in the Alternate Timeline, closely resembles that of the Millennium Falcon. When Mia Colt speaks disparagingly of the Bounty, Scotty says, "She may not look like much but she's got it where it counts." These are the exact words that Han Solo used to defend the Falcon after Luke Skywalker called it a piece of junk. Kirk later says that taking Mia to Algol II will reap a greater reward than his crew can possibly imagine. His helmsman Lamek says that he can imagine an awful lot. Han said much the same thing about the reward that the Rebel Alliance was offering for Princess Leia's rescue.
  • In Steven Universe: Ultimate Dough-Down, when the Crystal Gems offer to help Sadie in a donut competition, she has them first watch a training video (that was "updated" last time she saw it). It's basically Mr. Smiley reenacting the music video for Drake's "Hotline Bling" while explaining the rules for working at Big Donut. Complete with the "Drake format" too!
  • The Gronk in Strontium Dog is from the planet Glas in the Gallego system, a reference to Scifi author Blas Gallego.
  • Superlópez: To the whole Super Hero genre, starting with the main character and working down. In early stories, when Francisco Pérez Navarro -a much bigger fan of Superhero comics than Jan- did the writing, these were much more frequent.
  • Trish Trash: Rollergirl of Mars: One of the rollergirls has the Stage Name "Hanna Barbarian".
  • Quite a few in Usagi Yojimbo:
  • Zodiac Starforce wears its anime influences on its sleeve, with various characters from Sailor Moon making cameo appearances at the house party in the first issue.
  • In the Danish comic Valhalla, based on Norse mythology, Odin has in one story left Valhalla to win a bet with the Valkyries: that he can find the three greatest warriors of Midgard (he thinks they don't bring in any good Einherjar-material any more). His absence causes trouble in Asgard, so Thor, Baldur and Loki disguise themselves as three mortal warriors to trick Odin to come home again. They give their names as Fandral (Baldur), Hogun (Loki) and Volstagg (Thor), and are dressed as the three characters with those names from Marvel Comics' Thor (who aren't from original Norse myth but Lee/Kirby creations).
  • In softcover volume five of The Walking Dead, Philip says "Fifty-seven channels and nothing on..." while looking at a bunch of tanks with zombie heads in them. That's the name of a Bruce Springsteen song from the album Human Touch.
  • In the German comic Werner:
  • In Youngblood (2017), Shaft gets an arm ripped off. Considering he was based on Roy Harper, it's hard not to see this as a blatant reference to Justice League: Cry for Justice.

Alternative Title(s): Shout Out Comics, Comics