Follow TV Tropes


Super Registration Act

Go To

"Well, let me show you what is being hidden, Miss Grey. I have here a list of names of identified mutants living in the United States. Here's a girl in Illinois who can walk through walls. Now, what's to stop her from walking into a bank vault? Or the White House? Or into their houses? And there are even rumors, Miss Grey, of mutants so powerful that they can enter our minds and control our thoughts, taking away our God-given free will. Now I think the American people deserve the right to decide if they want their children to be in school with mutants. To be taught by mutants! Ladies and gentlemen, the truth is that mutants are very real, and that they are among us. We must know who they are, and above all, what they can do!"
Senator Kelly, X-Men (2000)

Any law that requires Super Heroes (or, really, anyone with superpowers) to be registered with the government in a national database (including the name and residence of each hero's Secret Identity) or face penalties. This was codified with the Marvel Comics' X-Men in the form of the "Mutant Registration Act", where it provided a metaphor for discussing racial, LGBT, and/or communist discrimination. It has also been used as a metaphor for American Gun Politics; after all, villains don't have to register with a Weird Trade Union in order to start robbing banks or tying women to railroad tracks, any more than a criminal needs a licensed weapon to commit a crime.

While sometimes the act can take the benevolent, unobtrusive form of a government-sponsored Hero Secret Service complete with Hero Insurance, in most cases the law is antagonistic in and of itself, whose only purpose is to prohibit superheroes from using their powers recklessly (or usually at all), or in the worst case scenario, is the first step to full-scale Superhuman Trafficking. Of course, no supervillain in their right mind would bother obeying the terms of this law, however registration would allow for identification of Supers that later become villainous or the prosecution of Supers that attempt to conceal their powers with the assumption that such an act would be later used for criminal or nefarious purposes. "Failure to register" could even be used as a charge of last resort in the absence of other evidence, much in the same way gangsters have been charged with tax evasion.

A registration act often allows the "outlaws" to know in advance which potential victims possess or do not possess super powers or limit a Supers' ability to defend themselves. When this trope is invoked enforcement of the act often permits the supervillains to do even more damage than usual as potential heroes are inhibited from acting freely. The situation is often resolved when the 'real' heroes defy the act by stopping the Big Bad the registered crimefighters missed, prompting a Reset Button hit on the whole thing.

Even though the law is meant to approximate just how The Government would react to superpowered vigilantes showing up in Real Life, it's not often that the law comes about purely as a result of normal civil processes, intelligent debate, or genuine public outrage. This is because comic books, like most serial works, operate on Rule of Fun, being escapist fiction where the stakes depend on one lone individual or a small group, which is hampered when your favorite character punches a clock and answers to "The Man". Exposing the act as the latest plot of some supervillain makes it easier to hit the Reset Button because Status Quo Is God.

Is probably best addressed in universes with a system of psychic or telepathic powers where unidentified users would represent an extreme invasion of privacy risk let alone issues with business transactions or games that involve use of secret information.

Actually implementing such a system is of course a tricky proposition, given the fact your targets can do things like erase your memories or blow up tanks by pointing at them, and depends on whether you're registering super humans or super heroes. In Real Life identification of a super abusing their powers could result in forfeiture of their property, termination of their employment and general suspension of their normal relationships and interactions if they are branded as a wanted felon without any need to apprehend or imprison the suspect. Of course in fictional worlds, villains may not have a good work-life balance needed for this punishment to stick.

Sometimes, superhero fiction writers may bring this trope up as means of creating an ethical dilemma within the superhero community and thus, deconstructing Black-and-White Morality and opening things up to Grey-and-Gray Morality. Lawful Good superheroes will often try to work with the law to see what is best for the public and superheroes alike, although some may venture into the Knight Templar territory at worst. Neutral Good superheroes will be the most divisive in the issue, as some superheroes will raise concern whether or not the law will allow the superhero community to continue to do what is right for everyone, or if the law will allow lawfully inclined supervillains to abuse the said law. Chaotic Good superheroes who disregard all laws that get in the way of doing what's right will obviously oppose the superhuman registration act anyways.

For policing super-humans:

For policing super heroes:

See also the Ban on Magic, a restriction on how, when, or by whom magic can be used.


    open/close all folders 

    Anime and Manga 
  • A Certain Magical Index and A Certain Scientific Railgun explain that all espers have to register their identities, abilities and levels with Academy City's databases, and undergo regular testing and evaluation, in order to enter into the Esper Development Program. It comes in handy when Judgement investigates crimes: as long as they can identify the ability, they can track potential suspects. The only exceptions are "Gemstone" espers: those who came by their powers naturally. But such espers are extremely rare (there are only fifty existing worldwide), and they often end up coming to Academy City anyway since they and their powers will be accepted there.
  • Inverted in Cross Ange: Most of the population can use magic, but there are those called "norma" who can't, and in fact disrupt magic on contact. Normas have no basic human rights, and generally the entire population is conditioned to hate and fear them and treat them as sub-humans. To add insult to injury, Normas are forced into service as Para-mail pilots to fight and die against dragons for their magic oppressors.
  • In Marvel Future Avengers, Norman Osborn tricks the United States into adopting one by making the Hulk go berserk. He does this mostly so that he can get away with committing crimes without those pesky superheroes getting in his way. With the aid of Spider-Man, Future Avengers Adi and Chloe expose Osborn as the Green Goblin and the law is repealed.
  • My Hero Academia:
    • The series uses a fully functioning type-D. Incentives are offered to supers at every turn, and there are multiple schools that train potential heroes to use their abilities to save people. Of course, when approximately 80% of the entire human race has some sort of super-power, it's no wonder this program works so smoothly.
    • Furthermore, its spin-off series (taking place years before the main one), My Hero Academia: Vigilantes, focuses on unregistered vigilantes. The main protagonist, Kouichi Haimawari, actually applied to the heroing school, but ended up unable to enter, ironically because he was late for it because he was saving someone else's life. While he still does its best, it's clear that being unregistered has its downsides. The big example is when he meets Tensei Iida, Tenya's older brother. The two hit off splendidly, with the latter helping the former better utilize his sliding Quirk and even offers him a card for a potential job at his organization. However, things change when he realizes Kouichi is a Vigilante when he helps stop a villain. While Tensei is more than happy for the help and doesn't report him, he ends up asking for the card back since he can't endorse what is essentially a lawbreaker, much to Kouichi's dismay.
    • It also explores the role of Badass Normal heroes since they wouldn't apply to the new rules. Knuckle Duster is a big strong dude reminiscent of Marv from Sin City, The Punisher and Batman. He's also a normal person who just fights with brass knuckles yet can go evenly with Eraser Head. In fact, once Eraser Head sees his Quirk-nullifying Quirk has no effect on Knuckle, he stops fighting him. Since Knuckle duster has no Quirk, he doesn't fall under the hero jurisdiction of unregistered Quirk usage. Presumably, it would fall under older rules of vigilantism, but it shows that despite things changing, some stuff remains the same.
    • One notable aspect of the registration act is there are a number of laws that greatly limit the usage of Quirks in public. This was done in order to stop the chaotic turmoil that occurred when superpowers first appeared. However, some people were not happy with the regulations on Quirk usage, as they believed that the free use of their superhuman abilities should be a basic human right. Enter the Meta Liberation Army. Led by Destro, this organization fought against the government for several years over the passing of Quirk restriction laws, but they ultimately failed. Eventually, a new incarnation of the group led by Destro's son, Re-Destro, emerged and began plotting to create a new world order, where Quirk users would be free to use their powers as they see fit.
  • Used as part of the setting of the anime/manga Psychic Squad. Schools regularly scan students for psychic powers and give mandatory psychic power suppressing limiters to those who have them (which marks them as espers to the general populace, who often discriminate against them). For the people too powerful to be completely limited, it is illegal for them to attend school unless they're part of a military organization that guarantees that they're under control. Presumably this extends to adult society as well, although it's never shown. Unlike the other examples, registration is portrayed as a good thing, or at least as the best compromise that can be achieved when there's both humans and espers advocating genocide. Espers with future predicting powers have predicted that this will directly cause the downfall of humanity, by inciting a muggle vs esper civil war (which the espers will win, by destroying everything). A major ongoing plot is whether it can be averted via positive relationships between the main characters (the 3 strongest espers and their muggle "handler").
  • A positive version appears in the manga and anime Someday's Dreamers, where in current-day Japan, magic users are registered with the government, trained to control their abilities and use them responsibly, and licensed to offer their skills for hire.
  • Used in the Soul Eater universe, and practically the plot of its prequel, Soul Eater Not!. Weapons must attend the DWMA until they are deemed capable of controlling their abilities, in an effort to stem the Fantastic Racism that used to run rampant. This law is the reason why Soul, who came from a wealthy family, ever joined the DWMA in the first place. Meisters, on the other hand, are not required to train there, since they're not by definition anything but regular people who learn how to use weapons. Even the weapons are not required to fight anyone as most of the cast of Soul Eater do; only the NOT class (which teaches weapons to control their own powers) is mandatory, while the ones who fight evil for Lord Death and try to become Death Scythes volunteered for and were accepted for the EAT class.
  • Talentless Nana: Kids with powerful "Talents" are brought to an isolated island where they can train themselves safely in preparation for fighting against the "Enemies of Humanity". The kids themselves are the actual "Enemies of Humanity", as the government fears their powers. They're actually taken to the island to be murdered discreetly.
  • The Super Registration Act has been implemented in the Tiger & Bunny universe for at least several decades and generally works without a hitch. The Justice Bureau approves all heroes and allows them to sign up with a sponsor company and serve as private law enforcement/celebrities (technically, it's possible to be a free agent without a sponsor, but it's almost unheard of). While only NEXT have been shown to be active as heroes, presumably anyone without a criminal record has the opportunity to become one. Any hero under investigation for criminal behavior is suspended until they're cleared of all charges. Damages are handled either by the sponsor company or, if a judge rules that property damage was necessary in order for a hero to do their job properly, by the state. However, the execution is marred by the very influential (the Mayor seems unwilling/unable to disagree with him) Maverick's collusion with Ouroborus to 'promote' NEXTs as superheroes, and the fact the judge that oversees hero-related cases is himself secretly a vigilante and killer.

    Comic Books 
The DCU:
  • In a neat bit of historical reference, the Bronze Age All-Star Comics series revealed the reason the Justice Society had broken up in the '50s: they were called before a thinly-disguised version of the House Un-American Activities Committee and asked to reveal their identities. Unwilling to do so but also unwilling to go against the law, they stopped operating for a time. In a Post-Crisis retcon, this was changed to the actual HUAC.
    • In the Post-Crisis DCU's background (related largely in the short-lived series Chase), the act passed by the HUAC. actually kept any superheroes from operating openly from 1951 until at least the '80s or '90s, but by the time Superman showed up it had been largely forgotten by the public at large and quietly abolished with no fanfare.
    • In Batman: The Dark Knight Returns continuity, however, the government prohibitions on superheroes are stronger, with Superman himself having been strong-armed into being an operative of the US government.
    • In the Reboot version of the Legion of Super-Heroes, people from Titan, a race of natural telepaths, are forced to wear a Saturn emblem when interacting with other species.
    • Pre-Crisis, several heroes were granted exemptions (due to their "special status" or "special relations with law enforcement") from Congress' demands, and allowed to continue to operate: Superman, Batman (and Robin), and Wonder Woman. In reality, these characters were among the few superheroes continuously published through the 1950s (while the rest of their JSA cohorts weren't), a time when superheroes weren't as popular as other genres (Westerns, horror, etc.).
    • Wonder Woman (1942): In the Huntress feature, which takes place on Earth-Two where the aforementioned government interference caused the JSA to break up, Power Girl is furious when a Gotham DA starts pushing for more government oversight of superheroes, accusing him of McCarthyism and bringing up how the last time the government tried to register and control superheroes it destroyed the JSA for years.
    • Darwyn Cooke's DC: The New Frontier streamlined much of the above together, establishing that most of the JSA willingly retired, one or two holdouts (such as Hourman) died trying to evade the police, Superman and Wonder Woman (who were only honorary members) willingly submitted to the Eisenhower administration, and Batman (whose status was always... murky) managed to get the Administration to ignore him after a publicly-staged brawl with Superman.
  • The second issue of Aztek ends with the titular character signing a set of forms to register with a local agency as a local protector. This is treated as no big deal, and the form doesn't require him to disclose his identity if he'd prefer not to, suggesting it to be more of a formality and show of goodwill than a binding act.
  • The Captain Carrot and His Amazing Zoo Crew! 2007 miniseries featured the United Species of America's government, under new President Beneduck Arnold, pass the "Collar ID" law, which was designed to neutralize the powers of the US' superhero populace, with the heroes either retiring (as the Zoo Crew did) or losing their powers. At one point, the President notes to the Crew that "thanks to [the law], there are no more superheroes left on Earth!" Of course this came at Earth-C's Darkest Hour — a global flooding created by Starro — and ignores the US-centric nature of the law. Apparently the heroes moving to places like Earth-C's Cornada or Loondon to avoid the law weren't options, though simply moving out of the US rarely seems to be a considered option under this trope...
  • Legends of the Dead Earth: In Legionnaires Annual #3, Overlord Nevlor, the dictator of Almeer-5 in the 100th Century, introduced a law that all superbeings must be licensed in order to use their powers. Nevlor refused to grant licenses to those whom he could not control. If an individual uses their powers without a license, they are either downsized (literally) or imprisoned. They are then replaced with artificially created beings with the same powers who are loyal to Nevlor.
  • This happened when reality got changed so that Superman, Wonder Woman, and Batman never existed in Trinity. The alternate Flash delivers an epic What the Hell, Hero? speech when he orders the solders trying to arrest him (in the middle of a battle against supervillains!) to do something useful and actually be heroes.
  • In Watchmen, the rise of costumed vigilantes in The '30s resulted in Congressional legislation authorizing superhero activities — which was repealed in The '70s after fed-up police went on strike nationwide and mass rioting ensued. After the "Keene Act" is passed, the only superheroes permitted to ply their trade legally are those who work full-time for the government, including the world's only genuine superhuman. The Minutemen also faced the House Un-American Activities Committee. They came up with a compromise to the request to identify themselves to the committee: Each member was to reveal their identity to one member of the Committee. That member was to put their name into the enormous stack of names they wanted the FBI to do a background check on without any flags reading 'this person is <Superhero name>'. Then they would speak to the committee as a whole in their costumed persona. As a result, the heroes were investigated in their true identities, while limiting the number of people who knew who they really were. The only member of the Minutemen to not accept this compromise, Hooded Justice, resigned. Unfortunately, it's implied that he was tracked down in his civilian identity and killed shortly thereafter (probably by the Comedian, due to a previous grudge between them).

Marvel Universe:

  • Back during the Acts of Vengeance Crisis Crossover, a Super Registration Act was proposed, though it was defeated by the political power of the Fantastic Four and The Avengers; this was pointed out later as something that eventually led to...
  • Civil War (2006): The big Crisis Crossover from Marvel Comics, centered around the Super-Human Registration Act and the superhero community's reactions to it (an all-out slugfest). The X-Men stayed out of the whole conflict, perhaps so that attention wouldn't be drawn to the trope's overuse. What's especially problematic here is that none of the writers could agree on the meaning of the SHRA (sometimes, it's just a matter of heroes registering their identities and powers with the government, but other books treat it as a sort of superhuman draft) or which side is in the right (one book will have Iron Man stop extremist anti-reg vigilantes, only for another to have him casually imprison people in the Negative Zone without any actual criminal charge or attempt at a trial). This inconsistency and the political climate at the time (the whole thing had parallels to the freedom/security debate surrounding the Patriot Act) make the event's slogan, "Which Side Are You On?", much more difficult to answer. Ultimately, the pro-reg side won out but at the cost of the respect of the public, leading to supervillains taking over S.H.I.E.L.D./HAMMER for a while.
    • Part of the reason for all this chaos in-story seems to be that the registration act itself is only part of the picture. At the same time, there's a general government push to co-opt the superhero community and reign in its rogue elements. So while the S.H.R.A. itself may not mean anything but "anyone with superpowers has to register with the government," you still have creepy black ops types drafting supersoldiers.
    • Perhaps lampshading how overblown the concept was in Civil War, the spin-off series Omega Flight noted that the Marvel Universe's Canada had had a Superhuman Registration Act for years, but it was never a problem because it didn't involve forced outings, secret prisons, conscripting teenagers, or supervillain mercenaries. Instead, the Act created Department H, which provided training and legal support for participating Canadian superheroes and presumably paid them well as well supporting other room and board needs.
    • Another big problem with Civil War, that again varied between writers, was the pro-reg side being led by people who actually had means to make normal law enforcement and military agencies less than near-helpless against metahuman criminals and de-facto private armies (never mind the diverse array of alien, extradimensional and time-travelling conquerors threatening the Earth), which meant not requiring dangerous experiments on people or production of notoriously difficult to control robots, but pointedly refusing to do so. So you get the situation of Iron Man agonizing over the moral quandary of him and War Machine being the only ones who have access to his incredibly advanced crime-fighting armor, whilst refusing to provide them to law enforcement so that he doesn't have to be.
    • The least strict interpretation was that you didn't have to register at all if you didn't plan on fighting crime or using your powers; otherwise, you had to register and possibly submit to some basic safety training (like gun safety training but for superpowers), but as mentioned, many other comics showed S.H.I.E.L.D. agents bursting into people's homes at midnight and conscripting them by force. It also didn't help that writers couldn't even agree on the scope of the act's jurisdiction, as some issues showed S.H.I.E.L.D. troops arresting Silverclaw, who, as she pointed out in the scene, was a Brazilian citizen, and also Black Panther, who's not only not an American but a head of state. He, at least, was able to invoke Diplomatic Impunity.
    • Another issue was what constituted a superhuman. By strict definition, Captain America isn't superhuman. He's just as physically fit as a human being is capable of becoming. Hawkeye doesn't even have that, yet each were subject to registration. Is wearing a costume to fight crime a condition of registration?
  • In Civil War II tie-in The Accused, the trial of Hawkeye for the death of Bruce Banner was being pushed incredibly heavily to get it up and running way sooner than it should. Daredevil discovers that this was a conspiracy to get a second S.R.A. passed by getting a guilty verdict. Daredevil becomes a Spanner in the Works by getting Hawkeye acquitted.
  • The Marvel storyline Outlawed introduces the Superhuman Welfare Act or Kamala's Law, which outlaws heroic activities or vigilantism for anyone under 21 unless accompanied by an approved heroic adult. The irony here is that the person the law is named after would never have gone with it had the girl not get injured in the first place. It's later revealed that while the Senator spearheading it meant well, he had absolutely no idea this was Roxxon's plan all along and pushes to get it looked at.
  • A She-Hulk comic has She-Hulk, a lawyer, naturally, use this as a benevolent purpose, not to exploit anyone but so that superheroes can simply be legally licensed.
  • The X-Men have brought this up as a plot every few years. The terms of the act weren't always consistent but they dealt with the broad idea of mutants being free to use their powers clashing with the need for ordinary humans to be protected from dangerous and/or evil mutants. The debate was almost always slanted by anti-mutant bigotry/giant-mutant-hunting robots; as in the words of Moira MacTaggert:
    • The Days of Future Past storyline featured the most extreme version of a MRA where ordinary humans with the mutant gene were barred from having kids and mutants were rounded up into concentration camps.

Other Publishers:

  • Astro City: In "Confession", the city government starts a registration act to calm the public during a wave of serial killings. It does not go well. It turns out the Mayor was an alien shapeshifter who was trying to contain the heroes before their invasion.
  • In Bazooka Jules, potential superheroes have seven days after their powers manifest to get registered as an official superhero. If they don't register in time they get classified as rogues, meaning they're vigilantes or villains, either one is illegal. Not only do registered superheroes get a barcode tattoo of their forearm but the government also takes a DNA sample from them so if a superhero goes rogue anything they do can be trace back to them.
  • Season 11 of Buffy the Vampire Slayer has brought in this story after a dragon attack destroys much of San Francisco. Kennedy and her commando Slayers are already working for the government against the supernatural threat and are currently working to bring order to chaos, including keeping normal humans from attacking vampires and demons. Buffy and Willow are dead set against being recruited. Spike sees this as racism not unlike what he would have seen over the decades. And they are set to be on the run.
  • A Darkwing Duck comic where several superheroes led by a Mr. Fantastic Captain Ersatz arrived in St. Canard City and tried to enforce a Super Registration Act. Darkwing, of course, didn't like this. In the end, he turned out to be right, as Mr. Wonderful's boss turned out to be Steelbeak in disguise, making the whole thing a FOWL plan to keep track of all their enemies. This comic became much funnier after Civil War (2006) came out.
  • This is a central point in the comic series Powers. The main characters are Buddy Cops who investigate crimes related to registered and unregistered superpowered heroes and villains. The registration is in effect from the start, and being caught unregistered has a lot of legal woes tied to it. In fact it's even illegal to own a costume unless you're registered which must make fancy dress parties a nightmare in this world. Things go further for awhile in some issues, when after the local Superman Substitute goes insane/senile and decides that he's God and tries to enforce morality on the world, the use of any powers becomes illegal. It then deconstructs this, as of course the only people who follow a law as ridiculous as that are the heroes. The psychotic supervillains still run riot, the only difference is that now only badly underqualified humans are left to try (and fail) to stop them. In the end the heroes return, realizing that justice is a lot more important than "The Law".
  • In PS238, a registration program for super is in place (Atlas and most of PS238's faculty are registered), along with the Rainmaker Program for non-combat superhumans. It's implied that one of the major reasons that the Revenant is so mistrusted among the super hero community is that he operates as an unregistered vigilante.
  • The reason Thomas Valiant was deemed a criminal for making his own superhero team without registration.

    Fan Fiction 
  • Coreline: In the setting's Backstory, the attempt by various Alternates of Tony Stark (yeah, you read that right, plural) to launch the Super-Human Registration Act on The Line was a partial success... after some toil and a few random battles and everybody hating on how bad Civil War (2006) got (the setting is keen on Breaking the Fourth Wall, with information troves like the actual comics, Wikis and this very page available to everybody). "Partial" in that what they wanted, which was at best the S.H.R.A. as was exactly written on the Marvel Universe (with all the jack-booted Jerkassery that would have legally allowed) and at worst a legal way to conscript all of the super-humans in the United States into the armed forces, was not approved. The Line's version of the S.H.R.A. is not legally pressing for people who don't want to be superheroes (if you have powers and saved somebody's life but you just pulled the Heroic Bystander/Badass Bystander act, you won't get Cape Busters after you), and those who do get benefits from registering, such as a U.N.-approved I.F.F. code for international operations and optional training plus a higher chance of being head-hunted by groups like the Justice League Unlimited and Avengers Infinity (or deputy status in law enforcement agencies/being allowed to become a member of said agencies and still use your costume as long as you identify yourself as a member) and you can use your hero identity in court.
  • "The Company" in The Return takes a mixture of the first three options. Only author-fiat has prevented the inevitable disaster.
  • In Miraculous: The Phoenix Rises, there was the Anti-Superhero Act of 1977. Seeing as the public was increasingly frustrated with supes' collateral damage and causing as many problems as they tried to solve, they were given the choice of being outlawed of complete obedience to the government as enforcers.
  • In The Virtue of Revenge, this comes to pass in chapter 20 as part of Lex Luthor's presidency, with Godfrey smugly telling the viewers (and heroes by extension) that in order to operate legally as heroes, they need to reveal their secret identities and register with the American government. However, not all states agree to this, such as California, which just so happens to be where Jump City and the Outlaws' base of operations are.

    Films — Animated 
  • The Incredibles inverts the situation, with the superhero registration program existing to protect the Supers from the general public. The DVD extra materials make it clear that this program existed before the movie started, with the government providing logistical support to registered heroes and helping keep their secret identities secret. None of the supers seem to mind. Then, as shown in the movie, a series of successful lawsuits against Supers leads to a wave of anti-hero sentiment. The government passes the Superhero Relocation Act, granting amnesty to all the supers (and relocating them à la the Witness Protection Program), on the condition that they retire from superheroics and lead normal lives. And when Bob Parr (a.k.a. Mr. Incredible) continues hero-ing anyway, his liaison with the superhero registration agency covers for him and helps Bob relocate again (and again, and again...), rather than leaving him to be prosecuted as a vigilante.

    Films — Live-Action 
  • Captain America: Civil War, released in 2016, is a loose adaptation of the Crisis Crossover comic of the same name. The movie primarily focuses on having the Avengers answer to a multi-government authority to keep their predication towards collateral damage in check, with the act in question known as the Sokovia Accords. Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. expands on it, showing that there's a secondary registration for all those with powers, though it's limited to a protected database.
  • The Generation X made-for-TV film deals with a harsh mutant registration act. Any mutant who doesn't register before their powers first flare up is imprisoned and considered a terrorist threat. Considering that most powers in the film are small-scale, low-budget and don't cause nearly as much property damage as you see in comic book panels, the knee-jerk reaction falls partly into Adaptation Explanation Extrication.
  • As expected, X-Men features a sub-plot in which a senator tries to get Congress to pass a mutant registration act, and though the attempt fails, the threat of such an act hangs over the characters' heads for the rest of the series. One of the opening scenes is a debate in an official place (ostensibly the Capitol Building) where both sides make compelling points, though they never firmly establish either side as completely right. Of course, the audience tends to side with the cool superheroes who save the day over the politician.

  • The Jacobsen Accords from Black Man, which laid down international laws pertaining to variants. Bonobos, gleeches, and hibernoids were allowed to stay on Earth so long as they were registered. Thirteens, seen as too dangerous, were either imprisoned, killed, or shipped off to Mars where they join the terraforming effort.
    • Like many laws, it can be subverted. Ethan Conrad spent several years in the progressive Rim States (on the West Coast), gaining citizenship in the Angeline Freeport before grandfathering into a clause in the Jacobsen Accords which gave him privacy regarding his genetic stock.
  • Lilith Saintcrow's Dante Valentine novels have the Hegemony's Parapsychic Act, which in theory legitimizes psions and grants them legal rights and citizenship (prior to its passage, slavery of psions was commonplace). However, it also requires them to be formally trained and accredited to work legitimately and given a cheek tattoo of their Talent (in Danny's case, a modified caduceus because she's a Necromance), and they're subjected to Fantastic Racism.
  • The Ministry of Magic in the Harry Potter universe, which regulates the wizarding world in the UK, forces Animagi (wizards with the rare skill of being able to transform into a specific animal) to register with the government or face prison time. Over the course of the series, however, several unregistered Animagi appear and are critical to the plot.
  • Imagers (basically mages) in L.E. Modesitt Jr.'s Imager Portfolio are required to join the Collegium. This organization is run by and filled with Imagers, and occupies a venerable but somewhat precarious place in the local power structure. It trains imagers, keeps them out of trouble, and acts as something of a special ops/intelligence/research agency for the governmental council.
  • In Kroniki Drugiego Kręgu, Lengorchian parents are required to register their magical children with the Circle, a powerful organization composed of and run by the mages themselves. Registered mages enjoy a number of legal privileges and can count on the Circle to provide them with financial support and career opportunities. Problems start if a mage becomes too independent. The Circle is not above imprisoning, torturing or even killing such individuals to maintain control.
  • Level Up Hero has the Warrens who keep track of all registered heroes. All non registered heroes are not allowed. It was established in 1977.
  • In Sergey Lukyanenko's Night Watch (Series), all Others are usually required to register with the opposite Watch (i.e. Day Watch for Light Others and Night Watch for Dark Others) when they move into an area, especially if they are vampire or werewolves. For the most part, the Muggles are not aware of them, and one of the functions of the Watches and the Inquisition is to keep it that way. In fact, many new Others are initiated by the Watches themselves, as they're the ones who actively look for uninitiated Others.
  • Telepaths in Katherine Kerr's Polar City Blues and other books in the same universe are marked with a "P" tattoo on their jaw. No coercion or punishment is mentioned; however no telepath can go unnoticed by another for long, especially if they haven't been trained and the only place to get the training is at the school which does the branding...
  • In Sanctioned, all fifteen-year-olds in Scotland have their DNA tested. Those with the genetic markers that indicate they might become superpowered must undergo a Test Year to unlock and learn to control their powers, or leave the country forever. Anything else is treason, punishable by death. This is because shortly after superpowers first appeared, Glasgow was completely destroyed, with no survivors. More than 80 years later, what actually happened is still a mystery. Most people are happy to accept almost any measure to ensure there is not another Glasgow incident.
  • This is one of the core elements of Shadow Ops. If you're a Latent (magic-using human) in the United States, you've got three basic options. The first: a fairly comfortable (or uncomfortable, if you force the military to come after you) imprisonment while having your abilities fully suppressed for the rest of your life. The second: join the military. Again, for life. Third: Bullets, lethal injection, or the electric chair, depending on area. Unless you're rich, related to a senator, or a famous celebrity. And if you're unlucky enough to manifest powers in one of the "prohibited" schools (necromancy, sentient elemental conjuration, gate magic, negramancy) or use a "legal" school in an illegal way (a physiomancer ripping apart human flesh, or a terramancer controlling animals) then you've only got the former two options. The ethics and morals of this system are debated extensively over the course of the book, with security versus freedom being a core theme. Ultimately, the protagonist decides he can't support a government that effectively imprisons and enslaves its own citizens for something they have no control over, and effects an escape.
    • The second book, Fortress Frontier, goes more into the laws surrounding Latents, and it makes it quite clear that the laws suppressing and controlling Latents were put into place by a completely terrified administration who believe that stripping Latents of their rights and forcing them into military service is the only way to protect society from them. Counterarguments are raised that the Super Registration Act's harsh policies are the cause of the entire problem with Latents; Selfers rebel because their only options are imprisonment or military service, and many people argue against a system that strips rights from people for something they have no control over, particularly in a society that prizes individual freedoms.
    • The third book in the series, Breach Point, reveals that the whole thing was the product of a conspiracy between corrupt congressmen, a corrupt president, and the Mega-Corp Entertech to effectively enslave anyone who could use magic. In a series of flashbacks, its shown that the drug Limbic Dampener, which is the key to controlled magic use, was originally going to be distributed freely, which would allow any Latent full control over their powers, which would completely destroy all the justifications for the laws oppressing Latents. The head of the corporation that developed Dampener was actually a Latent herself, however, so she was arrested and her company seized so that Dampener could only be rationed to military Sorcerers to prop up the corrupt system.
  • Present in Super Powereds, although no one seems to have a problem with it. This is necessary in order to provide Heroes with Hero Insurance. However, only Heroes are required to register with the government. Regular Supers and Powereds don't have to. In fact, the non-Heroes tend to live in the open and don't shy away from using their abilities. The government also sponsors those Supers wishing to enroll in the Hero Certification Program at several universities and sets up rigorous standards that a prospective Hero must meet in order to be certified. It's stated from the start that less than ten out of the original class of several dozen make it through all four years of Training from Hell. They either drop out or don't make the cut. This ensures that only the best of the best become Heroes.
  • Subverted in the two Temps shared world anthologies, in which all British "paranorms" are required to register with the Department of Paranormal Resources and, in exchange for a monthly stipend and a cheap suit, can then be called up as government operatives and penalized for vigilantism. Mostly, the paranorms view this the way most people view government interference in their lives; annoying, but not worth making a fuss over.
  • After the emergence of the psychic Talents in Anne McCaffrey's To Ride Pegasus books, the first thing the psychically gifted people do is preempt what they see as the inevitability of this by creating their own registration organization and making sure it's used only for good.
  • Wearing the Cape:
    • A running sideplot of the first two books is some extremists trying to get a law passed that will not only require all people with powers be registered, but that their powers and locations be constantly available on a public database. There already is a limited registration in place; anyone who wants to work as a Crisis Aid and Intervention hero has to register with the government; even if they have a Secret Identity, they have to disclose it to the government, though actual secret identities are rare and usually don't last long. Part of the Dark Anarchist's goal is to pass this law — not because he thinks it's a good thing, but to "rip the band-aid off" and push past it as fast as possible, giving the world a few years of enslaved superhumans rather than decades. The Teatime Anarchist thinks it's better to avert the whole situation entirely.
    • It's mentioned that most countries use some variant of the American system (which has problems, but works well enough) or they register and draft all their superhumans (which quickly blows up). Japan combines both: Mandatory registration and training, but voluntary government service. Because of Japan's strong culture of obedience, combine with the training emphasizing the duty they have to serve the public with their powers, most superhumans join one of the government teams. Those who do not are labeled Rōnin, and most right-thinking Japanese treat them as little better than criminals. And while a fair number of ronin work for the Yakuza, many more work for various international aid organizations or do minor domestic jobs. There is also a significant counter-culture that idolizes the ronin, which Hope says at least makes more sense than the American villain culture that idolizes actual criminals.
  • The Wild Cards books had the Senate Committee on Ace REesouces in the 1950s, in an alternate-history version of the anti-communist hysteria of the time. Its target was "Aces," rare people given superpowers by the Wild Card virus. In 1954, all people with super powers were required to register with the Federal government under the Exotic Powers Act, and were drafted into government service under the Special Conscription Act.
  • Zig-Zagging Trope in Worm:
    • There is, officially, no registration act. Instead, there is the Protectorate, the government-run superhero organization. They offer a very generous Hero Secret Service package to any parahuman who agrees to work for them and tell the government their real identity, with benefits such as dedicated training facilities, upgraded costumes, and a large enough paycheck that they can leave their civilian jobs and be heroes full time. Independent heroes aren't legally required to join if they really don't want to. Villains also usually won't have their identities revealed, even if they had committed repeated crimes, as long as their crimes were comparatively minor and they reliably show up to help the Protectorate fight S-class threats.
    • However, Protectorate chiefs are under orders to ensure that all parahumans, in one way or another, march to the Protectorate's drum. This includes placing heavy restrictions on the use of superpowers in private business so that Protectorate work is more profitable, asking independent heroes to follow the Protectorate's lead even if they don't want to disclose their civilian identities, granting amnesty to villains who offer to join, and offering large cash bounties for the deaths of villains who have proven themselves completely and utterly irredeemable.

    Live-Action TV 
  • Agents of S.H.I.E.L.D. has made reference to an index they keep of super powered individuals. Trying to get the Inhumans on it led to a small war. It's also shown they have facilities for holding super humans they deem a danger.
  • Babylon 5 has a heartbreakingly thorough examination of this with the Psi Corps, a government-started program and organization that registers, trains, and hunts down rogue telepaths. It seems to work well enough that its highest-powered and most loyal members eventually get to run it themselves. In the words of Garibaldi, "The Corps got started because we were afraid of telepaths. Now they're victims of our own fears. We took away every right they had and shoved them into a big black box called Psi Corps. Now look at them. Black uniforms, jackboots, giving orders..." Telepaths have only three legal choices: imprisonment, chemical nullification of their powers (often leading to death), or joining the Psi Corps. It should come as no surprise that the Psi Corps become a cloak and dagger organization with dozens of evil schemes, eventually leading to a teep civil war. They also do things such as breeding telepaths against their will.
  • In Season 3 of The Boys (2019), the team ends up officially working under a newly-established branch of the CIA dedicated to policing Supes, and it's mentioned that it's resulted in a significant reduction in super-powered crime. However, the entire department is controlled opposition led by Mole in Charge Victoria Neuman, who stops them from having any real impact on Vought's bottom line.
  • The 4400: In "The Truth and Nothing But the Truth", it is revealed that Senator Roland Lenhoff crafted a law forcing all 4400s to register their powers with the government.
  • This seems to be part of one possible future in Heroes, and was the plot of an entire season. Later on in Heroes Reborn (2015), it happens in the wake of the Odessa bombing, which evos are wrongly blamed for.
  • Powers: After Retro Girl's murder, a former hero-cum-senator starts trying to pass a bill to make the use of Powers a federal offense.
  • Smallville:
    • The government agency "Checkmate" is attempting to do this in Season 9, willing to use kidnapping and murder to try to force superheroes under their thumb.
    • In Season 10, the government passes a "Vigilante Registration Act" with some help from Darkseid's influence. Several episodes later, efforts spearheaded by Senator Martha Kent get it repealed.
  • Both adaptations of The Tick show the D-category version of this trope. In the first adaptation, there are no background checks, just filling out a simple form is enough to get a superhero license, so the Tick easily makes up a false name to be listed as his secret identity. In the second adaptation, the 28th amendment was ratified to prevent the authorities from publicly releasing a hero's Secret Identity, and the organization behind it, AEGIS, is apparently suffering from budget cuts and cops often don't bother contacting AEGIS because of the red tape involved.

    Tabletop Games 
  • The first edition of White Wolf's Aberrant had a rather underhanded variety. While there is no official law requiring Novas to register, their powers tend to be hard to control without specialized training and medical care. Both are available only from Project Utopia, so most of them end up there, policing their "unenlightened" brethren. In the process they're also unknowingly sterilized. It should be no surprise that the setting concludes with every Nova on Earth discovering this fact and going on a Roaring Rampage of Revenge that pretty much wrecks the entire world — after which the authorities destroy all records of their crimes, claim that all Novas inevitably go insane, and systematically kill them from that point on. On a lighter note, there are also image firms like Appellate Lexington, that will register a super identity and make up a costume for you. Of course, the next page has an anonymous Op Net user declaring the firms as a Utopia net to catch (identify/keep tabs) those Novas that evade Project Utopia's Rashoud Facilities.
    • The second edition, by contrast, does away with the spoilered element, as part of the general lightening of the setting.
  • The Champions 5th Edition has a Superhuman Registration Act in its game universe backstory. It uses it in an uncommonly sensible fashion — widespread public protests were unable to get it formally repealed, but it's now a law that the government virtually never tries to enforce, let alone use as an excuse for metahuman conscription. Several of the most prominent superhero teams of the Champions Universe have officially registered and sanctioned themselves, but many superheroes have chosen not to, with little official interference in their lives. It still remains on the books, but it's normally used only as the legal authority to demand (and record, and distribute) the true identity of any metahuman already being arrested on another criminal charge. However, the lives of registered metahumans are made easier in several ways as compared to unregistered ones — they can testify in court without having to reveal their secret identities publicly (as those identities have already been revealed to the government and are thus available to the court, if not the public), they are offered opportunities for basic law enforcement training and certification as deputies, etc. They do need to follow certain guidelines - not killing opponents unless completely unavoidable, trying to avoid collateral damage and such, however.
    • Technically, those that are not registered are considered to be vigilantes and, as such, criminals. This is rarely enforced except in extreme cases; Vigilantes who kill opponents are considered criminals and are hunted by the law.
    • Supervillains get no such option; those that are captured have their identity, powers and abilities recorded by the government, with that information being, in turn, sent to law enforcement agencies and registered superhero groups to help them.
    • All countries have their own laws regarding Supers, sometimes radically different: In China, all Supers, as soon as they notice their powers, have to register and "voluntarily" join the Tiger Squad, China's official super team - or be hunted down and killed. Japan, on the other hand, has a number of Superheroes working with and for the government, but no Registration Act at all.
  • Seen every so often in the Forgotten Realms, where arcane spellcasters (who tend to be more independent and have less of a support structure than their divine counterparts) in particular are not uncommonly required to register with the local government and play by the latter's rules.
    • The city of Athkatla in Amn is a rather corrupt merchant-guild-run plutocracy where such authority is controlled by the extremely corrupt Cowled Wizards, who will warn a spellcaster that they must get a license once and then teleport in magical assassin squads if they're seen casting in public again (the rest of the country isn't usually policed quite as harshly, but being a non-Cowled Wizard can still get very unpleasant fast).
    • The generally lawful good-ish nation of Cormyr also requires all adventuring parties to register and get a proper charter in order to operate within its borders, although in this case it's less this trope as such and more an effort to keep tabs on freelance mercenaries (the definition of "adventurer" not necessarily including superhuman powers and all).
  • The Moore Act in the "Iron Age" setting of Mutants & Masterminds made superheroes illegal in Freedom City. Named after Mayor Franklin Moore (who, in turn, was named after Alan Moore, creator of the Keene Act in Watchmen).
    • The Paragons setting had an optional "Paranormal Registration Act" Game Masters could incorporate into their version of the setting. One of the Series Frameworks, "The Law Is Paramount", casts players as agents of the Paranormal Regulatory Agency, charged with the task of registering and tracking paragons within the borders of the U.S.A. and among the nation's citizens. They must contend with an active and dedicated underground pledged to defy all aspects of the nation's Paranormal Registration Act.
  • In Paranoia, being an unregistered mutant is punishable by death. Since just about every player character and NPC is a mutant of some sort or another, and very few are registered, things can get interesting very quickly.
  • In Warhammer 40,000, the Imperium of Man makes a point to hunt down psykers, humans with psychic powers. The majority are killed, while the remnants are 'sanctioned' after much conditioning to serve the Imperium in various fashions, or used to power their giant space beacon. Justified in that untrained psykers minds are open to the Warp, which can cause them to unwittingly summon or even create monstrous creatures known as daemons wherever they go, as well as other horrible things. A single rogue psyker can cause soul-eating daemons to overrun an entire planet, forcing the Inquisition to come and deliver an Earth-Shattering Kaboom to the unfortunate world. And if the beacon were allowed to go out, the Imperium would collapse and humanity would be eaten by Eldritch Abominations.

    Video Games 
  • Baldur's Gate II: The primary location is the Forgotten Realms city of Amn, where all arcane spellcasters are required to be licensed. Imoen's plot-mandated stupidity sees her and the Evil Sorcerer Irenicus both captured and imprisoned for spellcasting, and if the player casts any arcane spells of any kind in the city, a Cowled Wizard will teleport in. For a first offense, he warns the player not to do it again, noting they can go and buy a license in the Government district. On any time after that, unless the player has bought a license, it will summon a hitsquad of Cowled Wizards, a difficult fight that also drops the party's Reputation.
  • In the MMORPG City of Heroes, super-powered individuals are, indeed, required to register their powers, identity, etc. with the local authorities in order to get their superhero license. This makes the superheroes official agents of the government, and gives them full rights to beat up anybody who wears gang symbols, black hats, or hooded robes. There is, however, a Shout-Out to the trope in the game's Backstory: a "Might for Rights" act was passed during the Cold War, drafting super-powered individuals to "fight against communism", but it was overturned as unconstitutional after massive protests from said super-powered beings and their supporters. This lead to the formation of the Malta Operatives, who intend to kill any super who will not work for them and have developed weapons to fight them with.
    • There's also a number of variations on the theme: villains are required to register their identities and powers as well, but their IDs are (depending on who you ask) either the property of the government, as all villains have to break out of prison as their tutorial, or property of Arachnos, which controls the Rogue Isles. There's also a number of references in the game to various histories of the "registered superheroes": some fought in World War II voluntarily as heroes, especially against German superpowered squads; a group of heroes led a harsh and ultimately controversial rampage against drugs; and so on. The latest incarnation of the Superhero Registration Act as it exists in the game today wasn't passed until the mid-to-late '80s, at which point sanctioned vigilantism in Paragon City began to skyrocket. There's also a number of logic extensions of the existence of such an act, most notably Hero Corps. After all, if vigilantism is legal... why not make a profit off of it?
    • Some characters have identities which are secret from everyone, even the government. In fact, there exists every level of publicity for a character, from identity-secret-to-everyone-no-exceptions, to my-hero-name-is-my-real-name.
  • In Dragon Age: Origins it's mentioned in one of the codexes that the Tevinter Imperium at the height of its power maintained a registry of every mage/potential mage in the Empire. This system kind of broke down after the first Blight reduced the Imperium to its current Vestigial Empire state. The present day Circle of Magi and the Templars lack such a system; making it that much harder for them to find potential mages before they become demonic Abominations.
  • Mass Effect: Specifically, if you do the sidequest in the first game where you're trying to rescue Chairman Burns from biotic extremists and he ends up dead, there will be a news feature in the second game saying that lots of people are in favor of registering biotics. If the chairman lives, Kaidan talks about the government keeping track of biotics anyway, and that he figured "why not?" and joined the military.
  • As an adaptation of the Civil War (2006) story arc mentioned above, Marvel Ultimate Alliance 2 has the Superhuman Registration Act as the main source of conflict, although it does not come into play until about the third stage. And the ending is altered so that a Nanite-controlled Nick Fury becomes The Starscream and both teams have to work together to beat some sense into him. This is also a possible ending in the first game: if you fail to save Robert Kelly in Murderworld, he will break out on his own and lobby for a law for mutant registration, which gets passed and results in mutants being sent to "reeducation" camps.
  • In the third Mega Man Star Force game, it becomes impossible to EM Wave Change without first joining up with the Satella Police and getting a "Transcode". As Geo demonstrates in the beginning of the game, trying to Wave Change without a Transcode locks up the Hunter-VG and makes it impossible to use. This is for protection, as the very first boss of the very first game is actually a normal human that became the host of one of the invading FM-ians, who made him Wave Change in order to take over his body and cause chaos, hiding inside his Transer to pass unnoticed. Actually, the same can be said of most of them — including Sonia (at first). Making the device lock up would make unwilling transformations impossible.
  • Poptropica has this in effect on Super Power Island.
  • In Spider-Man Unlimited, a Superhuman Registration Act is passed and, with Nick Fury at the helm this time around, many of the Spiders willingly unmask and accept this. No civil war at all!
  • A program similar to the above Babylon 5 example exists in StarCraft, where any telepath born within Confederate space must be taken to the Confederate training centers, where they're turned into the Ghosts (psychic commandos). One of the most famous being Sarah Kerrigan. This program was continued by the Dominion. The Expanded Universe reveals more about the Ghost Academy. For one, all new recruits undergo a memory wipe in order to start new lives in the service of the Confederacy/Dominion. The program also makes no distinction between the status of the telepath. November Annabella "Nova" Terra is the daughter of the head of a powerful Old Family of Tarsonis. Even she is not safe from the Ghost Academy, requiring her father to suppress all knowledge of her abilities, even from herself, to protect her, which grows increasingly difficult as her powers grow exponentially (her telekinetic blasts are more powerful than a tactical nuke).
  • XCOM: Chimera Squad: Commissioner Maloof proposes a registration act for all psionics in response to the recent psionic gangs stealing money through brainwashing. She gets shot down because it would paint targets on the psionics.

  • Registration in Antihero for Hire exists, but is optional; Crossroads was actually rejected when she tried to join.
  • In Everyday Heroes, only those superhumans who are active crime-fighters are required to register with the government. For a while Mr. Mighty held a series of civilian jobs. (He couldn't be a crime-fighter after marrying a former villainess.)
  • The webcomic Fellowship of Heroes offers a world with a voluntary superhero registration project to give heroes official sanction, with an organization that doesn't hunt down unregistered heroes. Still, "Indie" heroes are considered rather controversial. Word of God states that the agency is a largely declawed agency from the '50s and '60s. The government had created a superhero registration act and was trying to expand it to international law, but the heroes responded in a stunningly effective two-pronged manner: firstly they hitched their own cause with the Civil Rights Movement (causing a great deal of nasty surprises for the Klan, among others), and in the late sixties they resorted to deporting en masse to an independent island nation, refusing to offer any heroic aid to any nation that supported the superhero registration act. Massive public embarrassment — and one or two hero-deprived natural disasters— convinced most of the world governments to change their minds.
  • Grrl Power: Discussed. Superhumans aren't required to register their powers if they are just living as civilians and using their powers for normal daily living, but they must register if they intend to use their powers to fight crime. Otherwise, they'll be charged with the crime of vigilantism just like normal humans would.
  • In Heroes Of Crash, registration is an optional thing that helps superheroes get assistance from the government if necessary. It's possible to be a non-registered superhero, but it involves trade-offs.
  • One-Punch Man features the Heroes Association and their National Superhero Registry, which takes in and sponsors superheroes, tests them on their capability as a hero, and assigns them ranks and classes based on their abilities. Unlike most cases, operating as an unregistered hero isn't technically illegal, but unregistered heroes are not taken seriously by the general public. The titular character starts out as a "hero for fun" who was blissfully unaware that registration was even a thing (somehow) and does not start receiving any form of public recognition for his acts of heroism until well after he has already prevented several potentially city-destroying incidents. The registration system in play is often shown to be ludicrously wrongheaded despite the good intentions of those in charge. Many registered supers are Nominal Heroes at best; with the top ranking heroes including a Mad Scientist who is only interested in testing out his latest inventions (and who never appears in person, using remote-controlled robots to fight for him), a Bishōnen actor/singer/model who would rather promote himself than save people, and countless others who are only looking to improve their rankings and will actively attempt to sabotage or defame others to get ahead.
  • In Pacificators, people with powers must become T-Pacificators, or otherwise they'll be labelled as renegades, and chased down to be impounded. There's no Take a Third Option at all.
  • Sidekick Girl has this, but it's a bureaucracy (for both heroes and villains), making it even more evil.
  • Sleepless Domain: Active magical girls are strongly encouraged, though not legally required, to register with the City Defense Department's Board of Magical Girls. As it cannot force these girls to register, the CDD instead runs extensive PR campaigns, using the image of successful magical girls as celebrities to extol the many benefits of registering. True to their word, they offer numerous benefits in order to entice girls to comply — registered magical girls are eligible for an exclusive private education, have access to their own personal counselors, and, as one recruitment poster cheerfully states, have a 70% lower risk of being killed or seriously injured.
  • Averted and discussed in Spinnerette. The supreme court has evidently decided that superpowers fall under Second Amendment protection, and laws have been passed enabling superheroes to act within the legal system without revealing identities to anybody, but there are also groups that oppose this state of affairs and want to take this trope more literally. However, a number of other countries, such as Canada and Switzerland, have different laws and superheroes are government employees, while North Korea has a military Super Breeding Program.
  • The government of Supermom requires all heroes fighting crime to register as part of the military or police force. Vigilantism is illegal. And the government might be rounding up superpowered children under the excuse of civilian safety.
  • Hand Jumper: High-schoolers are tested every year for superhuman Abberants. Those that get detected are conscripted into the superhero corps, with a survival rate of 20%. In the first chapter, the school inspector decides to murder one of the weak Abberants for shits and giggles.

    Web Original 

    Western Animation 
  • The Avengers: Earth's Mightiest Heroes has an Aborted Arc in which Maria Hill takes Nick Fury's place as director of S.H.I.E.L.D., and tries in vain to make the Avengers give up their vigilante ways, and register as official crime fighters.
  • In Iron Man: Armored Adventures, Senator R. Kelly is trying to get this act push through on mutants. Even after one of them saved his life.
  • The Venture Bros.: The Guild of Calamitous Intent effectively runs what can be described as supervillain registration act. The organization provides insurance, henchmen, and protection from law enforcement as well as making sure its members don't get killed by the superheroes they "arch". However, things like rape and harming civilians are against their code of conduct, as shown by King Gorilla being forced to remain in prison after he murdered and raped (...In That Order) Vince Neal on national television.
  • X-Men:
    • Appears in X-Men: The Animated Series, though the "Mutant Control Agency" in this series is "a private organization, occasionally supported by the government", and the registration is seemingly done voluntarily. Later, the government tries to shut it down when they notice the X-Men breaking in, determining that if mutants were taking violent action against the organization, then it was getting too extreme. Apparently nobody in the government checked to notice that the MCA had plans to send giant robots out to abduct any mutants that registered, and likely caused more damage than the mutants they were supposed to protect the common humans from.
    • Later in X-Men: Evolution, former Principal Edward Kelly is running for mayor and one of his plans is for a Mutant Registration Act, to essentially segregate Mutants from humans and treat them like an inferior race. The X-Men are unwilling to get involved due to the way it could backfire. The Brotherhood, not so much.
    • The Mutant Response Division in Wolverine and the X-Men (2009) is charged with finding mutants and "registering" them — this often means holding them indefinitely. The creators mention in the commentary that the "Mardies" actually have good reasons to exist (one episode featured a mutant whose powers were so dangerous and uncontrolled that even he knew locking himself up was the best option), and would be a positive thing if they weren't led by a General Ripper and caught between Senator Kelly and Magneto's bids for all-out war. Their success rate is pretty abysmal against the Brotherhood and the X-Men until they build the Sentinels and Master Mold, which causes its own problems.
  • Young Justice (2010): The Justice League operates under a United Nations Charter and is mostly allowed to operate on a global scale, unless the government of a country denies them access for whatever reason. This becomes a problem in Season 3 when Lex Luthor is elected the Secretary-General of the UN and begins using his position to put more and more restrictions on the League and its ability to operate. The Light's ultimate plan in this season is to use Luthor's position to propose and pass an international law that would require all Metahumans to be registered and regulated whether they're heroes or not. The idea being that all of Earth's Metahumans will be under the Light's control which would enable them to take over the world. The plan ultimately fails thanks to the heroes publicly outing Luthor's criminal activities and forcing him to resign his position following massive backlash.


Video Example(s):

Alternative Title(s): Superhuman Registration Act, Super Hero Registration Act


"Mr Incredible Sued"

Mr Incredible gets sued for saving someone's life who apparently didn't ask to be saved, and it soon paved the way for the Superhero Relocation program.

How well does it match the trope?

5 (46 votes)

Example of:

Main / ComplainingAboutRescuesTheyDontLike

Media sources: