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Creator / Sony Interactive Entertainment

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Sony Interactive Entertainment (formerly Sony Computer Entertainment) is a video game company founded by Sony in 1993. Its best known product is the PlayStation line of video game consoles, with which it is considered one of the top powerhouses in the business. It is currently the second largest video game company by market revenue in the world.

It went through several changes and renames over the years, with its recent rename being 2016. Its global headquarters was formerly in Tokyo, but since the 2016 restructuring it has been centered in San Mateo, California (the company as a whole still ultimately still reports to Tokyo, as Sony's headquarters is in there).

The company's most notable division is Sony Worldwide Studios, an umbrella company watching over Sony's various development studios.


Sony video game consoles:

Home consoles

Handheld consoles

SIE Worldwide Studios (divisions and subsidiaries):

Active studios

Defunct studios

  • 989 Studios (founded in 1995; shut down in 2005)
  • Bigbig Studios (acquired in 2007; shut down in 2012)
  • Contrail (founded in 1997; absorbed into Sony in 2000)
  • Evolution Studios (acquired in 2007; shut down in 2016)
  • Guerrilla Cambridge (formerly known as SCE Cambridge Studio, founded in 1997 and restructured in 2010; shut down in 2017)
  • Incognito Entertainment (acquired in 2002; shut down in 2009)
  • Japan Studio (founded in 1993; reconstructed into Team Asobi in 2021)
  • Manchester Studio (founded in 2015; shut down in 2020)
  • Sony Online Entertainment (founded in 1995; sold off in 2015)
  • Studio Liverpool (acquired in 1993; shut down in 2012)
  • Zipper Interactive (acquired in 2006; shut down in 2012)

Other subsidiaries

  • Audiokinetic (audio development software company, acquired in 2019)
  • ForwardWorks (mobile-focused development studio; founded in 2016)
  • Gaikai (streaming-based software company, acquired in 2012)
  • PlayStation Productions (SIE's very own film production studio, formed in 2016 and officially founded in 2019)
  • SN Systems (development tools company, acquired in 2005)

Video games developed and/or published by SIE:

Alternative Title(s): Sony Computer Entertainment, Sony Imagesoft, Nine Eight Nine Studios, Bigbig Studios, Evolution Studios, Incognito Entertainment, Sony Online Entertainment, SIE San Mateo Studio


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